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BLOG des Avocats, Médécins et Notaires Gay-friendly | Les professionnels gay-friendly vous informent Pour bien finir l'année 2019, la Cour de Cassation nous a offert une évolution historique de la jurisprudence en matière de gestation pour autrui (GPA) La définition de la gestation pour autrui La GPA (Gestation pour Autrui), vulgairement appelée « convention de mère porteuse » consiste à porter un enfant pour un autre couple. La mère porteuse abandonne tout droit sur l'enfant au profit des « parents d'intention » et ce en application du droit applicable sur le territoire de la future naissance de l'enfant. Cette pratique toujours formellement interdite en France tant par le Code civil que par le Code pénal connaît néanmoins un succès certain auprès des couples français qui ne peuvent avoir d'enfants naturellement. La problématique Au moment de la naissance de l'enfant, les parents se voient le plus souvent délivrer par le pays de naissance un acte de naissance les indiquant directement en tant que parents. Parfois, il peut arriver aussi que la mère porteuse figure sur cet acte de naissance ou encore que le lien avec l'enfant soit officialisé dans un jugement. Pour rappel, un enfant est français automatiquement dès lors qu'au moins un de ses parents est de nationalité française. Quand un enfant français nait à l'étranger, ses parents demandent généralement la transcription de cet acte de naissance étranger sur les registres d'état civil français afin d'avoir ensuite un acte de naissance français, permettant par voie de conséquence d'obtenir un passeport, une carte d'identité... Le dossier est déposé au Consulat et il est ensuite envoyé au service central d'état civil de Nantes. La transcription est une simple formalité administrative en principe non obligatoire qui consiste simplement à recopier les termes d'un acte sur un autre. En principe toujours, pour obtenir un passeport, il suffit de démontrer sa nationalité française au moyen éventuellement d'un certificat de nationalité française pouvant lui-même être obtenu sur la base de l'acte de naissance étranger. Mais dans la pratique, les choses ne sont pas aussi simples. les administrations sollicitent cette transcription et c'est à l'occasion de celle-ci que le Parquet de Nantes puis les juridictions vont devoir se prononcer : si on accorde la transcription, on fait fi des interdictions existantes. Si on ne l'accorde pas, l'enfant devra vivre au mieux avec des papiers étrangers, au pire rester sur le territoire sur lequel il est né alors qu'il n'a aucun parent sur ce territoire. En effet, si certains États accordent la nationalité de leur pays aux enfants nés par GPA sur leur territoire, d'autres ne l'accordent pas. L'enfant se retrouve donc sans papiers. Il peut aussi se retrouver avec des papiers qui ne lui permettent pas de rentrer sans visa sur le territoire français. L'évolution de la jurisprudence entre 1991 et 2019 Tandis que le phénomène était encore marginal, la Cour de cassation a tranché une première fois par un arrêt d'Assemblée plénière du 31 mai 1991 (90-20.105). Dans cet arrêt, la Cour rappelle le principe d'indisponibilité de l'état des personnes et du corps humain. Elle rappelle encore le principe d'ordre public « mater semper certa est » selon lequel la mère est celle qui a accouché. Au regard de ces principes, elle décide de valider partiellement la transcription de l'acte de naissance de l'enfant pour le père seulement à la condition qu'il y ait un lien biologique avec l'enfant. Cette jurisprudence est restée intacte pendant quasiment deux décennies avant un premier revirement de jurisprudence. Deux arrêts marquants peuvent être notés : 1ère Civ., 6 avril 2011, pourvoi n° 10-19.053 et 1ère Civ., 13 septembre 2013, pourvoi n° 12-30.138. Dans ces décisions très sévères, la Cour fait une première application de l'adage « fraus omnia corrumpit » en matière de procréation pour autrui et refuse toute transcription de l'acte de naissance étranger en argumentant que les parents ont cherché délibérément à échapper à la loi française en allant conclure une convention de gestation pour autrui à l'étranger. Cette jurisprudence vient totalement à l'encontre de l'intérêt des enfants qui ne peuvent jouir de leur nationalité française. Plus qu'un document c'est toute leur filiation qui est reniée par l'État français. C'est cette sévérité qui a conduit à la condamnation de la France par la Cour européenne des droits de l'Homme en juin 2014 (CEDH, 5ème sect., 26 juin 2014, Mennesson c. France, n°65192/11). La Cour européenne n'a jamais dit que l'interdiction de la gestation pour autrui était contraire à la Convention européenne des droits de l'Homme mais elle a considéré que le refus de transcription était contraire à l'article 8 garantissant le respect à la vie privée et familiale des enfants. En suite de cela, la France a dû réagir. Du côté réglementaire, on aura une simple « circulaire Taubira » en janvier 2013 qui dit que tous les enfants issus de gestation pour autrui doivent recevoir la nationalité française, mais cette circulaire ne dit pas comment. Le législateur n'interviendra jamais pour modifier le Code civil ou le Code pénal. C'est donc au pouvoir judiciaire de réagir. La Cour de cassation est ainsi revenue en arrière et a adopté la position suivante, notamment dans les arrêts du 5 juillet 2017, pourvois 16-16901 et 16-50025 : la transcription devait être opérée pour le père d'intention dès que le lien biologique existe. Pour la mère d'intention ou pour le second papa, la Cour de cassation exigeait de recourir à l'adoption de l'enfant du conjoint. Pour soutenir cette position, la Cour invoquait notamment l'article 47 du Code civil qui dispose que « tout acte de l'état civil des Français et des étrangers fait en pays étranger et rédigé dans les formes usitées dans ce pays fait foi, sauf si d'autres actes ou pièces détenus, des données extérieures ou des éléments tirés de l'acte lui-même établissent, le cas échéant après toutes vérifications utiles, que cet acte est irrégulier, falsifié ou que les faits qui y sont déclarés ne correspondent pas à la réalité. » La mère d'intention n'ayant pas accouché, elle ne peut être la mère et les faits décrits dans l'acte étranger ne correspondent donc pas à la réalité. Cette interprétation de l'article 47 était extrêmement contestable comme on le verra ci-après. Cette solution garantit l'établissement de la filiation pour les deux parents mais s'agissait-il d'établir la filiation ou simplement de reconnaître ce qui a été créé à l'étranger ? Cette solution amenait plusieurs critiques : d'une part le lien biologique avec le papa n'était pas vérifié alors pourquoi garder une telle exigence ? Quant au second parent, il se voyait contraint d'épouser le père biologique qui devait ensuite consentir à l'adoption de l'enfant. Plus généralement ce second parent devait adopter son propre enfant, ce qui n'a pas réellement de sens. En cas de séparation des parents d'intention avant l'achèvement du long parcours judiciaire, le second parent prenait le risque de se voir relayer au rang de tiers et perdre ainsi tout droit sur son enfant. Si jusqu'en octobre 2019, cette solution n'a pas été modifiée par la Cour de cassation, une résistance libérale s'est faite ressentir à Nantes ces deux dernières années. On peut recenser une petite série de décisions de 2017 et de 2018 surtout qui ont fait du bruit car elles accordent des transcriptions complètes des actes de naissance. L'arrêt du 4 octobre 2019 et les trois arrêts du 18 décembre 2019 Après la condamnation de la France en 2014 dans les dossiers MENNESSON et LABASSÉE, la Cour de cassation a dû réexaminer ces dossiers. Très prudente, la Cour de cassation a décidé de solliciter la Cour européenne des droits de l'Homme dans une demande d'avis consultatif du 5 octobre 2018 avec plusieurs questions posées : Le refus de transcrire l'acte étranger en ce qu'il désigne comme étant la mère légale la mère d'intention/ le second papa est-il contraire à l'article 8 (respect de la vie privée et familiale de l'enfant) ? Faut-il opérer une distinction entre la mère d'intention/ le second papa avec lien biologique ou sans lien biologique ? Le passage par l'adoption de l'enfant permet-il de répondre aux exigences de l'article 8 ? Le 10 avril 2019, la Cour européenne des droits de l'Homme rend son avis : le droit interne doit offrir une possibilité de reconnaissance du lien de filiation entre l'enfant et les deux parents d'intention. Mais les États sont libres dans la manière d'y parvenir. L'adoption par le second parent n'a donc pas été exclue. Le 4 octobre 2019, la Cour de cassation a réexaminé l'affaire Mennesson dans un arrêt d'Assemblée plénière (10-19.053) et va plus loin. La transcription complète est ici validée à titre exceptionnel : les enfants étant majeurs, en raison de la durée de la procédure, passer par l'adoption aurait constitué une atteinte manifestement excessive au droit à la vie privée des enfants (article 8) et une entorse à l'article 6 de la Convention. En raison de leur majorité, seule l'adoption simple aurait en outre été possible de sorte que l'égalité successorale notamment (héritage des grands-parents) aurait été mise à mal. La Cour rappelle enfin que les actes ont été légalement établis en Californie. S'il s'agit d'une petite révolution, la Cour de cassation reste prudente et précise que la transcription complète demeure exceptionnelle. Il faut toujours en principe passer par l'adoption de l'enfant du conjoint. Mais bien évidemment la Cour a ici ouvert une brèche. Dans quatre arrêts, la Cour d'appel de Rennes valide ou ordonne une transcription complète des actes de naissance : CA Rennes, 18 nov. 2019, n°18/04404 ; CA Rennes, 25 nov. 2019, n°18/01155 ; CA Rennes, 25 nov. 2019, n°18/01497 et CA Rennes, 25 nov. 2019, n°18/01936. Dans ces arrêts, la Cour d'appel utilise l'atteinte disproportionnée aux droits des parties pour accorder une transcription complète alors même que les enfants sont bien plus jeunes que dans l'affaire Mennesson et les procédures bien plus courtes. L'hypocrisie et les solutions bancales tant juridiquement que dans la pratique semblent définitivement finies lorsqu'on lit les trois décisions du 18 décembre 2019 de la Cour de cassation. Ces décisions marquent un tournant historique en la matière. Deux arrêts (numéros 18-12327 et 18-11815) concernent des gestations pour autrui diligentées aux États-Unis par des couples d'hommes, un couple franco-belge non marié et un couple français marié. Le troisième arrêt (18- 14751) admet sur le même raisonnement la transcription complète d'un acte de naissance d'un enfant par PMA diligentée au Royaume-Uni par un couple de femmes non mariées. On remarque en premier que la Cour conduit le même raisonnement pour les gestations pour autrui et pour les situations de procréations médicalement assistées non autorisées sur le sol français et cela est très logique : il s'agit de transcrire ou non sur les registres d'état civil français un acte de naissance étranger d'un enfant issu d'un couple dont au moins une personne est de nationalité française et ayant eu recours à un mode de filiation non admis sur le territoire français. Dans ces trois arrêts, la Cour de cassation vient presque s'excuser de sa précédente jurisprudence du 5 juillet 2017 indiquant que la transcription partielle au visa de l'article 47 consistait à combler un vide juridique et à trouver un compromis entre l'ordre public prohibant la gestation pour autrui et l'intérêt de l'enfant. Elle rappelle ensuite sa jurisprudence du 4 octobre 2019 et indique que le raisonnement doit être le même avec un second parent d'intention, homme ou femme. Elle précise qu'il est temps de faire évoluer la jurisprudence et d'unifier les situations. Aussi, le raisonnement sera le même pour ces trois couples. La Cour de cassation replace enfin le débat à sa place en indiquant que nous sommes dans un contentieux relatif à la transcription d'un acte de naissance et non pas dans une action relative à la filiation, ce qui pourrait ré-ouvrir une brèche à certains procureurs récalcitrants puisqu'il conviendrait alors d'attaquer non pas sous l'angle de la transcription de l'acte mais sous l'angle de la filiation soumise à l'article 311-14 du Code civil, mais là encore la finalité pratique n'aurait aucun sens puisqu'elle priverait un enfant des seuls parents qu'il connait. La Cour de cassation replace ensuite l'article 47 du Code civil là où il doit être : il s'agit uniquement d'apprécier un mode de preuve de la filiation établie à l'étranger. Il s'agit d'apprécier avec l'article 47 une régularité purement formelle selon le droit local. Si pour la Californie ou le Nevada, le second papa d'intention est reconnu comme parent selon leurs législations, alors l'acte est régulier et doit faire foi. Une fois l'acte déclaré régulier, la Cour aurait toujours pu invoquer l'ordre public ou la fraude car il est évident qu'un couple franco- français qui va aux États-Unis pour conclure une convention de gestation pour autrui cherche bien à échapper à la loi française qui ne permet pas un tel mode de conception. Mais la Cour de cassation indique que désormais le recours à la GPA ne fait plus à lui seul obstacle à la transcription au visa de l'article 3 de la Convention de New- York et de l'article 8 de la CEDH. Doit-on comprendre que l'interdiction de la gestation pour autrui est relayée au seul ordre public interne ? Cela est fort probable. Pour la première foi et cela figure davantage clairement dans le communiqué fait par la Cour de cassation, on fait une application convenable du droit international privé. Aussi, il appartiendra tout de même aux époux d'invoquer la loi étrangère et de démontrer selon cette loi que l'acte de naissance est régulier. Nous allons donc enfin devoir appliquer la loi étrangère dans ces dossiers de gestation pour autrui : « elle (la Cour) considère en effet qu'en présence d'une demande de transcription, ni la circonstance que l'enfant soit né à l'issue d'une GPA ni la circonstance que l'acte désigne le père biologique de l'enfant et un deuxième homme comme père ou parent ne constituent des obstacles à la transcription, à condition toutefois que l'acte étranger soit régulier, exempt de fraude et conforme au droit de l'État dans lequel il a été́ établi » (communiqué Mercredi 18 décembre 2019, Arrêt n°1111 et Arrêt n°1112). Le territoire étranger a admis selon son propre droit la filiation de l'enfant et l'acte de naissance établi à l'étranger vient donner forme à cette filiation légalement établie à l'étranger, filiation qui peut se prouver par d'autres moyens. Or, l'arrêt Bulkley de 1860 non remis en cause précise qu'en matière de statut personnel il y a une reconnaissance automatique. Pour prouver la filiation établie à l'étranger, l'article 47 nous précise que l'acte établi à l'étranger selon les formes du pays fait foi sauf s'il est irrégulier, falsifié ou si les faits déclarés ne correspondent à la réalité. Typiquement cet article peut servir à contrer une personne voulant se prévaloir d'un faux ou d'un acte dressé par complaisance ou sur les bases de fausses déclarations : on pense ainsi aux reconnaissances d'enfants par des hommes qui ne sont pas réellement les pères afin d'obtenir un visa ou tout autre avantage. Mais à l'inverse un acte bourré d'erreurs matérielles comme des fautes de frappe ne saurait faire obstacle à lui-seul à la reconnaissance d'une filiation légalement établie à l'étranger. Il conviendra alors aux personnes concernées d'apporter d'autres moyens de preuve. Fallait-il se situer sur le terrain de la reconnaissance et donc appliquer les conditions de l'exequatur ? Cela paraissait plus cohérent à premier abord. Mais pouvait-on considérer que la transcription d'un acte de naissance est un acte d'exécution sur le territoire français ? Pas vraiment puisqu'il s'agit de recopier l'acte étranger et que cette transcription n'est théoriquement pas obligatoire. Admettons que nous appliquions les critères de l'arrêt Cornelissen, si tant est qu'un acte d'état civil puisse recevoir un exequatur en France. On devrait donc vérifier la compétence de l'officier d'état civil étranger, l'ordre public procédural (admettons toujours qu'on puisse étendre cela à un acte d'état civil et considérer que l'acte est régulier procéduralement si les deux parents notés dans l'acte ont bien été appelés à concourir à l'acte mais ici ce sont les actes français qui seraient entachés d'irrégularité car la mère qui accouche ne se déplace pas à la Mairie pour déclarer sa maternité) et de fond (ici l'adage mater semper certa est pourrait être encore invoqué). Admettons encore que l'acte soit déclaré non exécutoire sur le territoire français : contrairement à un jugement condamnant par exemple quelqu'un à régler une somme d'argent qui pourra être « remplacé » par un nouveau jugement français, l'acte de naissance étranger reconnu non exécutoire ne pourrait pas être remplacé par un établissement judiciaire de la filiation en France, seul moyen d'avoir un acte de naissance français. L'article 311-14 disposant que la loi applicable à la filiation est celle de la mère ou de la loi personnelle de l'enfant, on devrait ainsi appliquer la loi française de fond qui n'admet pas les gestations pour autrui. Et quand bien même on appliquerait une loi étrangère, que fait-on pendant la durée de la procédure ? Quid encore de l'application de l'ordre public qui ferait obstacle au droit étranger ? La France n'a pas davantage autorité pour agir et faire modifier la filiation établie à l'étranger... Les parents ne peuvent pas nécessairement vivre dans le territoire sur lequel ils ont fait naître leur enfant et a-t-on une quelconque légitimité à les inviter à faire cela ? Que fait-on alors de l'enfant ? On tourne en rond et c'est certainement pour éviter ces situations ubuesques que la jurisprudence Bulkley a posé comme principe qu'un jugement étranger relatif à l'état des personnes doit être reconnu automatiquement. Dans tous les cas, la Cour de cassation semble faire aujourd'hui faire sauter tous les obstacles : En statuant de façon identique pour des gestations pour autrui avec un couple gay marié d'une part, un couple gay non marié d'autre part et une procréation médicalement assistée diligentée par un couple de femmes non mariées, elle unifie sa jurisprudence sur les modes de conception non permis sur le territoire français ; En indiquant que le seul recours à la gestation pour autrui ne peut faire obstacle à la transcription au regard des impératifs des articles 3 de la Convention de New-York et de l'article 8 de la Convention Européenne des droits de l'Homme, textes supérieurs au Code civil dans la hiérarchie des normes, elle relaye a minima l'interdiction du recours à la GPA à l'ordre public interne en l'excluant de l'ordre public international nécessairement plus étroit ; Elle rappelle que le débat se situe non pas sur le terrain de la filiation mais uniquement sur la transcription d'un acte prouvant une filiation légalement établie à l'étranger ; EN résumé Il conviendra donc aujourd'hui de s'attacher uniquement au respect du droit étranger. C'est sans aucun doute une avancée majeure et historique. Si l'extrait de naissance est régulièrement établi par le pays de naissance et si l'un des parents au moins est Français, ces arrêts de la Cour de Cassation font désormais obligation à notre pays de délivrer l'acte d'état civil correspondant, que les parents soient homos ou hétéros, mariés ou non et quel que soit le mode de procréation. Il n'est donc plus nécessaire que le parent d'intention épouse le parent biologique et adopte ensuite l'enfant, comme c'était le cas jusqu'ici. Maître Noémie HOUCHET-TRAN 37, rue d'Amsterdam 75008 Paris 01 84 16 02 93 email@example.com www.nhtavocat.com Voir+
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Bitcoins Can't be printed, they are being produced by computers around the world using free software, which brings us to Bitcoin Evolution: Bitcoin Evolution is an automated trading software that's intended to exchange other and bitcoin cryptocurrency markets utilizing algorithms to provide returns. This trading application is regarded as among the reliable and quickest, accurate trading software for bitcoin. Decrease transaction time and the trading systems used to exchange bitcoin are instinctive. What would take a couple of hours to do manually, this trading program does in a couple of minutes and it's said to have a greater success rate. The Bitcoin Evolution application claims to market to secure the best prices for the user. According to the platform site, little to no trading experience must start. Whether this is an announcement that is trusted is to be proven. We do however recommend that you do the essential research around bitcoin before trading or read the remainder of our review before trying to begin trading using Bitcoin Evolution. How Does Bitcoin Evolution operate? The Bitcoin Evolution automated trading software is free to use for their own investors. It's reported that the programmers of the software earn considerably more on the number of transactions than through subscription. You will only need the deposit that's handled through a broker linked to the platform. The whole procedure should take no more than 20 minutes, all a possible investor wants is to: Create an account. Make an initial deposit into a broker chosen from the list. Select the settings and start trading. With this review, we tested all the attributes Of this Bitcoin Evolution auto dealer. Our goal was to learn why it's so effective because we knew it works flawlessly. Before we began this review, my group verified that Bitcoin Evolution is enrolled and that settled the problem of legitimacy. We had to confirm that traders can earn money with the automobile trading system. Bitcoin Evolution claims that the amount of its efficacy is as great as 88 percent and can make gains the majority of the time. This crypto bot provides two modes of operation like manual or automatic. Additionally, the preferences can be customized and with a total time investment of 20 minutes daily to be able to result in great profits for a specific user! How cool is that? However, A point to be mentioned here is that although the computer algorithms that analyze large chunks of information are correct the majority of the times, they are still 1 percent prone to losses. This 1% may be a huge deal for someone who's investing plenty of amounts. Thus, if you're a beginner, you must always start with the minimum $250 and then build your way up. Is Bitcoin Evolution a Scam? As with any investment, there Are risks. In the cryptocurrency marketplace, there's a whole lot of volatility in regards to trading with currencies like Bitcoin and other currencies that are complex. This doesn't mean that you're investing in a scam. In actuality, there are lots of Bitcoin investors that have claimed to be getting gigantic gains on a daily or weekly basis. There are statistics that prove that Bitcoin has the capability to gain over 20% market share in as little as one hour. The Objective of cryptocurrency Traders is to make a growing number of gains after each trading session. The more volatile the cryptocurrency market, the greater the risk, but this also means greater rewards. Needless to say, these risks can be decreased when appropriate care is taken. In 2017 bitcoin Surpassed the 20000 marks. Investors have gained a substantial quantity of wealth. It's reported that the possible investor would need to depend on the trading program to carry out the trades and these programs are claimed to have a 88% success rate, based on the volatility of the markets. While Bitcoin Evolution seems To have quite a reputation, we would recommend that you try the secure demo account before investing huge sums of money. Bitcoin Evolution claims that the amount of its efficacy is as great as 88 percent and can make gains the majority of the time. This crypto bot provides two modes of operation like manual or automatic. Additionally, the preferences can be customized and with a total time investment of 20 minutes daily to be able to result in great profits for a specific user! How cool is that? However, A point to be mentioned here is that although the computer algorithms that analyze large chunks of information are correct the majority of the times, they are still 1 percent prone to losses. This 1% may be a huge deal for someone who's investing plenty of amounts. Thus, if you're a beginner, you must always start with the minimum $250 and then build your way up. Can you make money with Bitcoin Evolution? There are many reported Successes on the web site. Many investors report satisfying results after trading, even people who have never traded before using an automated trading platform. Although there are risks with the ever-changing cryptocurrency marketplace, there are lots of success stories too. Few useful tips for investors starting out to reduce the risk of losing money, here are some suggestions you should take into account: Start small- the first financial deposit must be a minimum of $250. This sum of money is sufficient for any investor to estimate the validity of this platform while learning more and make a profit. Reinvest- when reinvesting after the withdrawal, money is made. We suggest reinvesting a few of the earnings made. Learn from the experts- guides or reviews like this one. Cryptocurrencies can get complex and there is a fundamental understanding insufficient. There is A investment than a one. Key Features of this Bitcoin Evolution All Users are given access to the trading software's characteristics. This, of course, encourages dealers and consequently, revenue is earned by the programmers from the volume of transactions. Here are some key features of Bitcoin Evolution: Agents -- Once enrolled, you'll have the ability to select from a list of agents who will help out with trading. Auto trade attribute -- Bitcoin Evolution comes with an auto trade feature that enables the automated system to do transactions. The investor will have the ability to put limits set up to ascertain the volume of trade. Thinking about this market's nature, it's suggested that trade settings are selected by the investor depending on the marketplace. Performing trade-. Opening an account doesn't require any payment. The transaction is your investment. Payouts-- This is based upon the trading experience that an investor has in the cryptocurrency marketplace. It's reported that gains are created using Bitcoin Evolution. Verification processes: It is mandatory that each and every possible investor undergo the verification procedure to ensure a successful registration. The approach is simple, so long as contact information and the email address are given. Withdrawals and deposits-- After initiating a withdrawal, the system processes the request. After processing the request the amount due to the investor must reflect. This is a bonus for investors who want the funds. Payment methods-- there's a selection of payment options available for deposits. Price and fees-- it's reported that there are no hidden charges or fees to the accounts prior to or after withdrawal. Client services-- There is a 24 hours customer service function accessible to investors. Interaction with client services can be done via email or live chat. Advantages Of trading using Bitcoin Evolution We've discovered, there are a few features to Bitcoin Evolution. Many crypto trading programs are currently missing some features like no accounts or payment options. Here Are 6 benefits of trading with Bitcoin Evolution: Hassle-free installation - the user interface and distinctive algorithm employed by Bitcoin revolution makes setting up an account a seamless procedure. Impressive success rate- it's reported that investors could attain a success rate as high as 88%, depending on the transaction. Demo account- the demo account may be used for training trading prior to committing funds. This way, investors are permitted to experience there's absolutely no limit and the way the system works. User-friendly- it's a really intricate program, but its complex algorithm performs quite interesting functions and it uses an extremely simple interface that you use. Has a Program -- there's an app but it is not available in most countries. Trade forex -- not only can you exchange cryptocurrencies using the applications, in addition, it lets you trade forex pairs. How To place your initial trade with Bitcoin Evolution? Here Is a detailed guide to opening an account: Registration Once on the Bitcoin Evolution website, you'll have the ability to create a free account by entering your simplest data, such as name, email, and telephone number. A password will have to secure your accounts. You'll be connected to one of the agents once registration is completed. Demo account As stated, the demo account can be utilized as long as you can. As soon as you opt for the demo account option, you'll have the ability to have a brief tour on the stage to check its functionalities. It's reported that the software grants you a charge of $1. These funds may be used to start your trades. The automobile trade feature will permit you to sit back and see the applications run. Live accounts Once Your account is live you'll be brought to the trading area. This is where you order to the Bitcoin Evolution system you intend on cryptocurrencies and bitcoin. Here's a brief description of some of the trading attributes: Control Panel- here you'll have the ability to understand preferences and your portfolio. Additionally, it will allow adjustments to be made by you. Trading history- here you'll have the ability to see all your transactions and trades, in addition, to review its success. Open trades - this will let you start the operations console in real-time. You'll have the ability to evaluate the trade's functionality and how successful the trading software is. Account lives - it is easy to move between your account that is demo along with your account with this operation. Deposit Once You've researched the demo account you can proceed to the account that was. Is to turn to start trading and a first deposit. We propose a minimal investment for your first attempt. The payment methods accepted are Mastercard, Visa American Express, and Discover Network. We've composed a summary of our Bitcoin Evolution review below; Bitcoin Evolution has among the success scores that We've obtained up to now, the trading robots perform at an efficiency of 98%, and that is the reason why so many men and women are getting to be rich with the trading platform. Bitcoin Evolution is protected, and all funds on the stage are protected. No skills are required to start earning money Trading. The trading robots do all of the work. All the User trigger a trading session and must do is make a deposit. The customer support is available 24/7. Click here to open an account with Bitcoin Evolution or Keep reading to find out more. We're happy that Bitcoin Evolution has all the attributes That are needed to create money from the marketplace that was cryptocurrency. As traders that are seasoned, we all know that there is money. That is why we want more people to leverage the auto traders to become financially free rather than earning all of the cash to the cryptocurrency traders. Everybody creates a passive income and can become an investor. Conclusion: An software for novices and professionals. The innovators who made Bitcoin Evolution an Exceptional job. It is. The Bitcoin Evolution software works together with the trading robots which could perform transactions related to purchasing and selling with no physical activity from the account owner. Automobile trading systems have been studied by my group; we all know that The trading platforms for cryptocurrency are fast. This is one of the guidelines when analyzing the Bitcoin Evolution trading program we used. We were impressed with the precision and the speed of the system. We managed to perform this Bitcoin Evolution test because the automobile trading platform is transparent. Bitcoin Evolution works Bitcoin Evolution we found has been making so many investors richer. It's all about its operating system. Bitcoin Evolution works with an automatic trading platform Managed by trading robots. The robots perform transactions after discovering that the investor richer will be made by the trade. The automobile trading robots when there is a bargain detected Complete the purchase using the cash that's been deposited into the investors' account. It's essentially about selling and buying cryptocurrency. We observed that accounts with Money are being made by bitcoin Evolution since the auto trader works quicker than trading procedures. The marketplace is competitive. Deals that are Excellent never last. That is why using an intelligent and quick trading platform like Bitcoin Evolution has been making a lot of people wealthier. Building a portfolio at the Cryptocurrency Market One of our aims in doing this review is to show how The market that is profitable is and how investors can construct a portfolio. Several years ago, only dealers could make much Cash from their portfolios that are extensive. Now, with no fuss, everyone can earn money from the crypto market with the occurrence of auto traders because the process is automated. We discovered that this opportunity to make money out of Trading is available to investors in various areas of the world. Bitcoin Evolution is available in over 150 nations. We confirmed it is secure so everybody interested in getting wealthier from trading cryptocurrency can combine the automobile trading platform. Conclusion: An software for novices and professionals. Guide to Creating a Bitcoin Evolution Account How do I start trading? Your knowledge may imply some amount of funds are required. Therefore, here our first step will be the transfer of deposition or funds! You need to accomplish this. The payment methods included here are MasterCard, Visa, etc.. Additionally, it contains payment for example Krarna and Skrill. If you would like to use so fort, then Bitcoin Future is for you. A Piece of news that is wonderful is that there are no fees for the deposit of funds. Some payment could be asked for, although there are no charges for withdrawals also. Is $250, which can be called initial capital. You're ready to start trading As soon as you have utilized any of the payment methods mentioned previously! Demo Trading The trading attribute on Bitcoin Evolution is used to Examine the system without using money. It's a trading experience which investors should have. We used the demo trading attribute to get more comprehension of the trading procedure. Deposit and Withdrawal We were pleased to discover deposits and withdrawals can Be made at any time that the investor needs. This differs from other automobile trading systems' process that we've tried. We think it's an excellent idea; the investors can keep making money. By choosing one of the payment options to make a deposit of $250, that's the deposit on the series, we analyzed the deposit function. The deposit was processed in seconds, and we're ready to begin our first live trading experience using Bitcoin Evolution. Live Trading Trading with Bitcoin Evolution was simple. All we Had to do was click on the button and the trading robots took over. We observed the trading robots performed transactions and scanned the marketplace that was cryptocurrency. It was intuitive and a process, we're confident that Bitcoin Evolution can be used by traders. How to make money? Bitcoin Evolution is secure, fast and dependable. We added This bit from the report as a guide to assist investors make money. We've had a great experience Everything, system works. Bitcoin Evolution has a payout system that is quick and accurate, Demo trading attribute withdrawal and it is secure for transactions that are online. Benefits of trading with the Bitcoin Evolution comprise The stage, and the 24/7 customer service system, a minimum deposit of $250 just is user friendly. We didn't have any reason to contact the customer support helpdesk for help. Here are the top tips to make money Deposit your income Rather than staking your life savings, It's Best to deposit Your income. Turn it into a financial investment to make income that is passive. Study the market tendencies By understanding you can make better investment decisions Trends in the marketplace that is cryptocurrency. Invest wisely It's Best to begin your investment Of $250, as you examine auto trading systems operate. Is Bitcoin Evolution Reliable? The Verdict! We're Pleased after testing Bitcoin Evolution. We are aware that it is among the car trading systems that everyone can rely on to earn money from the marketplace. We arrived at this conclusion after testing the Features on the automobile trading platform. We ensured that all investors can withdraw their gains. Bitcoin Evolution accessible to investors and has. Give it a try; we're convinced Bitcoin Evolution will make a passive income. Conclusion: An software for novices and professionals. FAQ Can anybody use Bitcoin Evolution? It is everybody can and a fully automated trading platform uses the auto trader. Is the Bitcoin Evolution program available? No, There's no program that is mobile; the auto trader can be utilized Online and on all kinds. Has Bitcoin Evolution Been endorsed by any actors? No, compensated or there have been no endorsements by celebrities partnerships. Just how much can be earned by Bitcoin Evolution? Investors are earning daily auto trader. The potentials are endless since the market trends change. Are funds on Bitcoin Evolution? Most of the investors' funds and information are Protected on the stage. Has Bitcoin Evolution been featured on TV? There have been numerous Reports the Bitcoin Evolution has appeared on TV shows like Dragon's Shark Tank, This Morning, and Den. There's absolutely no proof of those claims and for now, we have ruled them out to be rumors. Has Bitcoin Evolution been featured on Dragons Den? Dragons Den is a British Show where business people are given 3 minutes to pitch their business idea to a panel of businesspeople in the expectation of getting investment take and to start their business idea. Success would be gained by any product. We haven't found any connection between Dragons Den and Bitcoin Evolution. Has Bitcoin Evolution been featured on Shark Tank? Shark Tank is an American Investment show comparable to Dragons Den. Entrepreneurs a few minutes to pitch their idea that money will be invested by these millionaires. However, it's highly improbable as Bitcoin Evolution isn't licensed in the states, if Bitcoin Evolution had the aid of Shark Tank then its safe to say that it would be all over the news. Has Bitcoin Evolution been featured on This Morning? This morning is a British Television program on ITV which has been active. The series is a mix of celebrity interviews, show business news, topical discussion, competitions, health, etc.. Millions of people would be attained if Bitcoin Evolution were to be featured on this series, and information and media would be bombarded with news, information, and hashtags. Has Bitcoin Evolution been endorsed by celebrities? There have been claims that Celebrities have endorsed bitcoin Evolution. We chose to explore each case in which a celebrity was linked to any crypto trading application or Bitcoin Evolution. Can Gordon Ramsay Support Bitcoin Evolution? Gordon Ramsay is one of those Most chefs in the world. The Multi-Michelin starred restaurateur, chef, author, and television personality has a brand so any item credibility would be given by his acceptance. We scoured YouTube and the internet to figure out if he's endorsed Bitcoin Evolution we didn't find anything. So the rumors are untrue. Can Peter Jones Endorse Bitcoin Evolution? Peter Jones is a British Businessman and reality TV star on the investment that is favorite series American TV show American Inventor and Dragons Den. He has an estimated net worth close to $500 million if an investment product is endorsed by a person of his standing, lots of people would invest in it. We looked that Bitcoin Evolution has been supported by Peter Jones we didn't find anything. Can Elon Musk Endorse Bitcoin Evolution? Elon Musk is the bizarre Billionaire with three nationalities, South American, Canadian, and African. He's the guy behind SpaceX and Tesla. The stock exchange effects, it'd be all over the news if he were to endorse Bitcoin Evolution, and the Bitcoin Evolution site would crash. We searched the web that Bitcoin Evolution was endorsed by Elon Musk we were not able to verify these claims. Can Trevor Noah Recommend Bitcoin Evolution? Trevor Noah is a South African comedian, political commentator, celebrity, and the popular talk show's host, The Daily Show. There have been rumors that Trevor Noah utilizes Bitcoin Evolution as a result of advertisements circulating around the net about Trevor. It's public knowledge that Trevor Noah's supply of wealth is his contract with his humor tours and The show. Whether Trevor Noah invests in not or bitcoin is not knowledge. It can't be verified that Bitcoin Evolution is used by him. Can Kate Winslet utilize Bitcoin Evolution? Kate Winslet is a famous British actress known for her work on period dramas and Titanic. There's been a rise of hunts from folks wondering if Kate Winslet supports any cryptocurrency platform that is innovative. We've researched and found no signs of Kate Winslet. Holly Willoughby and Bitcoin Evolution? Holly Marie Willoughby is a British model, writer and TV presenter on This Morning and Dancing. Similar to the other stars on this list there have been claims that an innovative trading program is supported by her but there isn't any evidence. Although none of these Have endorsed cryptocurrencies or claims have been proven to be true we've found a list. Note that the founders of Bitcoin Evolution did not make the claims. Is Bitcoin Evolution scam or legit? According To testimonials and reports, Bitcoin Evolution is legit and not a scam. Testimonials have been left by investors after investing, where they've obtained or created a profit. Can I make a profit with Bitcoin Evolution? There Are investors who claim to be earning $1k+ per day. This may change depending on the investment you make. Can I draw the Bitcoin in my Bitcoin Evolution account? Unfortunately not. The Bitcoin won't be really acquired by you, it'll be used Bitcoin available on the marketplace by the agent of your choice. Should I spend with Bitcoin Evolution? Bitcoin Is an asset and individuals have claimed that it's made them millionaires. Bitcoin Evolution is a fantastic idea. Does the Bitcoin Evolution have a high success rate? It does. An estimated success rate of 88 percent is predicted. Have actors endorsed the Bitcoin Evolution? Many Their remarks have been shared by Actors but it has been endorsed by none. Why are there so many goods like the Bitcoin Evolution and do they offer the same advantages? There are quite a few tools that exist as a consequence of Bitcoin Evolution and the market is wide, this doesn't necessarily imply that these tools are better. Be alert to scammers stealing your funds and using these tools. Is it compulsory to have Bitcoin savings prior to using the Bitcoin Evolution? No. You don't need the Bitcoin Evolution program to be used by some Bitcoin savings. The tool was created to allow people to produce profits without needing to save and to get the cryptocurrency. We have We can support the claims also the chance is a reality and also that the Bitcoin Evolution software is reliable, efficient. These claims are further confirmed by the testimonials. We have identified the Applications are user-friendly and responsive. Accounts can be opened and the Trade process is seamless. We know that the consumer's confidential funds and information are protected. In all, we can all affirm that Of earning gains with Bitcoin 8, the odds are high.
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Mobile World | Bulk Whatsapp Marketing Malaysia Mobile World is a leading Asian mobile technology portal. We have readers from Malaysia and Singapore. Mobile World Magazine is published monthly. Interactive websites and mobile communities add to the print presence. We now branched out to mobile, mobile TV site and is experimenting with a mobile version too. MobileWorld is all about the mobile lifestyle. We cover stuff like mobile phones, smartphones, mobile marketing, mobile gadgets and everything else to do with the mobile industry. The Future May Not Be Wireless For the last 10 years or so, wireless technologies have been the darlings of the communications industry – and rightfully so. Wired technologies have struggled to bring services to the whole world. Wireless technologies on the other hand seem unstoppable; there are more than 4 billion mobile phone users in the world today and their reach is truly global. But in a twist of poetic justice, it looks to be time for wired technologies to lord it over their wireless counterparts. The reason for this is the explosion of data consumption by internet users. There is an unbelievable amount of data being consumed these days by users accessing media rich sites like YouTube, Flickr and Facebook. One statistic will put this all into perspective: every minute, 20 hours of video are uploaded to YouTube. Data consumption rates have naturally been crashing through the roof. Cisco estimates in a study that the average data consumed per household is 11.4 GB per month. That’s global figures, mind you, which includes countries with slow first generation Internet infrastructure. Now mobile Internet usage is booming and that is sure to add even more strain to the networks. Wireless service providers are beginning to realize that they will not be able to provide the bandwidth that will be required going forward in the short to medium term. The wireless spectrum has limits and there are limits to how much one can cram frequencies with data. This is why mobile users have connectivity problems. When mobile users access the Internet from the same base station, they are sharing the bandwidth available and as more and more users connect to the Internet, the speed slows and at times, there are outages. So wired technologies like Fibre-To-The-Home (FTTH) have to come to the fore. They will be able to cope with the demand for today’s data hungry applications and tomorrow’s cloud computing. Now you understand why the High Speed Broadband (HSBB) is crucial to this country (and also why it is long overdue). I am not saying that mobile operators will go away – far from that. Mobile lifestyle is a megatrend and that will continue. It’s just that the realization has come that mobile won’t be able to meet all the demand and the better strategy may be for it to provide truly mobile Internet access; leaving the job of providing main Internet usage to its wired counterpart. There’s going to be another consequence to this boom in data consumption that consumers won’t like. The days of unlimited access – in wireless for sure and probably in wired – will come to an end. The world has been lucky because a lot of infrastructure was laid during the dotcom boom days and the glut kept prices very low. Those days are coming to an end and be prepared to pay for data usage like you pay for electricity. Maxis has already put in place its wireless/wired strategy. The idea is that in the future, one company will provide Internet access per se to a consumer. At home or the office, that access will be over wire and when on the move it will be wireless. It will be a single account–multi technologies package. The other mobile operators will have to have similar strategies. TM of course is nicely placed in this area. It can combine with Celcom to provide a complete package. So don’t just cut your wires just yet. They will be vital to your Internet experience very soon. Motorola launches Android smartphone DEFY Motorola has launched the Motorola DEFY, an Android smartphone that is water and scratch resistant, as well as dust proof. That is especially true for the 3.7-inch touchscreen made from Corning Gorilla Glass which can resist impact and scratch damage. The phone also has CrystalTalk PLUS that cuts down noise with two microphones which filter out background noise and amplify the voice. The installed browser supports Flash video, and the 5-megapixel camera shoots with flash, digital zoom and auto focus. The phone uses DEFY or Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA) to stream, store and share content with devices like HDTVs, game consoles and PCs. DEFY can also be a 3G mobile hotspot to connect up to five WiFi enabled devices. As for music, the phone can display a song's lyrics using Connected Music Player, which can also discover, stream and identify music from the phone. The Motorola DEFY will be selling for RM1,599 before this Christmas but you can get it for RM999 with Maxis Value Plus plans and a data bundle. Samsung to launch four more phones in by year end Samsung Electronics will launch four more phones in Malaysia, Colin Hew, its assistant manager for Services & Solutions, Mobile Phones, told an informal media gathering at Starbucks, Bangsar Village II in Kuala Lumpur on 15 December. They are the Wave 533 2G phone, the Wave 723 3G phone, the Ch@t 322 dual-SIM 2G phone and the single-SIM Ch@t 335 with WiFi. Both Ch@t devices have a QWERTY keyboard below its screen in BlackBerry-style, while the Wave 533's QWERTY keyboard slides out sideways. Wave is Samsung's name for its bada OS phones and with these two new models, Samsung would have launched a total of four Wave phones this year. The other two are the first Samsung Wave (S8500) announced in February and the Wave 575 announced in October. Both are already available in Malaysia. Galaxy are its Android phones, while Omnia are its Windows phones. “So far we have sold over one million bada OS phones as of July,” said Hew. Samsung intends its open sourced bada OS to provide smartphone features on feature phones at affordable prices. The two Ch@t devices run Samsung's proprietary firmware. A premium device, the Wave 723 has a unique leather flap which protects its screen. It's a 900/2,100 MHz 3G/HSDPA and a quadband GSM/ GPRS/EDGE phone, with a 3.2in WQVGA TFT-LCD touchscreen, TouchWiz 3.0 UI, A-GPS, WiFi b, g & n, 5MP auto-focus camera with LED flash with smile-shot, panorama shot, geo-tagging and image editor, Dolfin 2.0 browser with multi-touch zoom and accepts a microSD card of up to 32GB and has a 1,200 mAh battery. Measuring 109.5 x 53.9 x 11.8mm, the 723 retails at RM939. Besides its slide-out QWERTY keyboard, the Wave 533 is slightly less well appointed with a 3.2MP camera without flash and accepts up to 16GB microSD card but otherwise shares the same features as the 723. The Wave 533 is slightly bigger at 109.5 x 55 x 15.15mm and retails for RM699. Meanwhile, the Ch@t 322 has a `1.3MP camera, 2.2in TFT display, measures 109.5 x 60 x 12.3mm, weighs 95g and is priced at RM449, while the Ch@t 335 has a 2.4in QVGA display, a 2MP camera, measures 111.2 x 61.2 x 11.9mm, weighs 100g and retails for RM359. Both have an optical Trackpad. These basic models still are Samsung's biggest earners and these Ch@t phones are aimed at teenagers and those in their early 20s. As to whether prices of Android phones having drooped below the RM1,000 mark competing with its bada OS handsets, Hew said that just as with netbooks which all cost more or less the same now, Samsung is banking on its physical and software features to sell. Apps the way forward While Samsung phones already come integrated with Twitter and Facebook apps, it actively works with apps developers, including big boys such as Gameloft, Electronic Arts (EA) and location-based navigation app provider Route 66 to provide apps on its phones and it splits the revenue 70:30 in the developers' favour, which is straight revenue, since buyers pay the Samsung Apps store by credit card, with no revenue to operators. “Apps is the way forward,” said Hew. “The popular ones are games, social networking apps or even trivial apps such as Hit my Boss, where users take a picture of their boss, put it in an avatar and punch it, or one where the screen apparently cracks when you touch it.” The Samsung Apps store began carrying paid apps since September, with prices ranging from around RM4 to RM40. Currently 80% of apps on the App store are free apps. However, Malaysia isn't the best market for developers to make money, since while Malaysians download around 100,000 per month from the Samsung App store, which is the second highest; they mostly are free apps, while more Singaporeans are willing to pay for apps, so Malaysian developers should look overseas if they want to make money from apps. High Priced High Speed Broadband The topic of the moment has got to be HSBB. It is certainly telling of the state of our broadband today that the arrival of what we are going to call high speed broadband for the next few years has generatedso much buzz. I, of course, welcome Unifi, the brand name of Telekom Malaysia’s fibre optic offering. If everything goes well, our office area will have this service before the end of the year and we do plan to sign up for it. But it is important that we – as with all Malaysians – do not get too caught up in the hype and in the process, overlook several key points. First, the pricing is high. We’re already paying very high prices for Streamyx and now, we’re being asked to pay RM149 for 5 Mbps, RM199 for 10 Mbps and RM249 for 20 Mbps for home packages. Business packages are even crazier. Only the 5 Mbps package priced at RM199 is barely affordable to average sized businesses.The RM599 package for 10 Mbps and RM899 for 20 Mbps, I believe, could only be afforded by public listed companies. The smallest businesses will have to stick to Streamyx, the way I see it. For comparison, Singaporeans pay about S per month for 10 Mbps and a bit more that S for 15 Mbps. Don’t even try to explain this off by pointing to exchange rates. The fact is that Singaporeans earn dollar for dollar the same as us, meaning that an executive who earns RM1800 in Malaysia would earn SG00 if he worked in Singapore. That makes our high speed broadband three times more expensive than Singapore! Malaysian blogger Ariff Shah lamented on his blog that broadband in Russia is cheap too, at RM50 for 5 Mbps and RM73 for 10 Mbps Malaysians badly need low-cost high-speed broadband. Already faced with mounting costs of almost all items, average Malaysian consumers will be crippled with these package prices. If no action is taken to reduce prices, HSBB will, I fear, be taken up only by the wellheeled.That will just widen the digital divide and go counter against the government’s aspirations of equal access for all Malaysians. Beyond pricing, another area to keep in mind is the speeds being offered. While 10 Megs up and 10 Megs down will be incredibly fast to consumers long surviving on 500 Kbps down and 100 Kbps up, how are we going to compete when Singapore introduces their Next Generation Nationwide Broadband Network (Next Gen NBN) which will offer speeds up to 1GB and beyond. 1GB, if I can stress, is another way of writing 1000 Mbps, a hundred times faster than our 10 Mbps. Singapore’s communications services regulator IDA says on its website that “As early as 2010, users will be able to enjoy a myriad of services delivered over Singapore’s ultra-high speed Next Generation Nationwide Broadband Network (Next Gen NBN)”. Frightening? I hope so because we need to redouble our efforts to bring ultra high-speed networks to Malaysia and at the same time, I do apologise for not talking about wireless this month but this topic is too important to be ignored. Broadband affects everyone these days. Time For Free Voice Calls? It’s a cliché often repeated by mobile industry followers; that voice would one day become a commodity and even possibly free. I’ve been hearing such statements for years now and it hasn’t happened yet. Phone bill has remained relatively stable all this while and I don’t expect to wake up any day soon to learn that my service provider has made all calls free. It would be a dream come true but there’s no way that Maxis, Celcom, DiGi or UMobile will do this anytime soon. Not unless they want to commit suicide. Right to this day, most of their revenues (and profits) come from voice calls. But that long awaited moment, widely predicted by many industry followers worldwide, may not be too far way. Tectonic shifts taking place in the mobile industry are heralding the days when voice will become a commodity. It may be completely free or almost free. Consider the evidence. Last year, UK’s mobile operator, 3 UK announced that its subscribers would be able to make unlimited Skype-to-Skype calls and messages ‘forever’. All they needed was a compatible handset and a SIM card. The calls are truly free and users do not even need to pay data charges for making these calls. Then, earlier this year, US operator, Verizon Wireless partnered with Skype to bring free Skype-to-Skype calls to its subscribers. Their only condition: these subscribers need to have a data plan. I had been expecting something like this. Competition (and price pressures) has become very fierce, especially in areas where mobile penetration have reached 100%. Mobile operators need to do something drastic if they want to shake up the incumbents. Of course, I just told you that most of their profits come from voice. So won’t they be killing themselves? I think not. For proof, let’s examine some financial data. ARPU stands for Average Revenue Per User. Financial analysts look at three ARPU figures when evaluating the performance of these companies. These are Postpaid ARPU, which is what an operator would be collecting monthly from an average postpaid subscriber, prepaid ARPU, which is the monthly revenue from a prepaid user and blended ARPU, which is the amount that an average subscriber pays monthly to the operator, when all subscribers are lumped together. The idea, of course, is to maintain or grow ARPU figures. In Malaysia, postpaid ARPU is around RM107 for Maxis, RM101 for Celcom and RM84 for DiGi. Prepaid ARPU is RM40 for Maxis, RM41 for Celcom and RM50 for DiGi. Blended ARPU, to me, is the most revealing because it shows how much an average subscriber – when both prepaid and postpaid customers are added together – pays per month. The big three Malaysian mobile operators receive on average, give or take one Ringgit, RM55 for every subscriber on their records. Here’s where it gets interesting. By getting RM55 per month from a mobile subscriber, our three telcos have been wildly profitable. Maxis, for instance, made more than RM2 billion in profits in 2009. We all know, of course, that the current battle is about mobile internet. Telcos want their subscribers to take up data plans on top of their voice plans. Early adopters and power users might do that but the average subscriber is going to balk at paying higher mobile phone bills. An average postpaid user is already paying RM100 per month on phone calls. Now telcos want him to take up a data plan that will add RM50 to RM100 per month to his bill. That’s going to raise his bill by at least 50%. Well, I think that many users are not going to let their bills go up by that much. The only way to get them to take up data plans would be to sweeten the deal by bringing down their voice bills. Imagine a scenario where a telco announces a RM150 plan that consists of unlimited data, local calls and text messages. Such an offer would immediately attract a lot of consumers as they would save money on calls and SMSes. Telcos will benefit because they will now be getting RM150 a month from that consumer, which is higher than the RM100 they are making from an average postpaid user today. Sounds like a plan, doesn’t it? I’ll even go out on a limb and predict that we will see something like this in Malaysia by 2012 latest. Don’t bet against me; I predicted an iPad-like device years before Steve Job came up with it. Dig up old copies of MW and you’ll see that prediction. Little Birds Beat News Sites This Sunday, We joined what must have been the majority of Malaysians in following the results of the Hulu Selangor by-election. The whole day long, I sought out reports of how the polling was going on. After 5 pm, I eagerly consumed every report that I found which shared updates of unofficial vote counts as they trickled into the counting station. As I did that I was reminded of that magical night of March 8, 2008 when I did the same thing albeit on a much larger scale. I was struck then by how much things have changed since then. No, I’m not referring to the voter swing that took place in Hulu Selangor; this is a technology magazine, remember? I’m referring to the way I obtained my information this time around compared to last time around. To get the General Elections results two years ago, I set up a scratch command centre that consisted of two PCs and a mobile phone. Since internet traffic was at a peak then, most of the sites that had the latest information were pretty much inaccessible. I opened up multiple tabs of sites like Malaysiakini each one pointing to different mirror sites. I also pointed my browser towards many other sites. That way, I ensured that I got updates from one page even if the others crashed. It was chaotic and the internet connection barely held steady that day. Those websites coupled with lots of text messages received from friends all over Malaysia ensured that I knew relatively early that a political tsunami had struck the nation. This time around, it was completely different. We did not go online on my PC. Thanks to TM, my Streamyx was down for most of the day. But even if it was working, I wasn’t really planning on using it except as a backup. My updates this time around came solely through my mobile phone and not even one of the updates came as a text message. Neither did I access Malaysiakini or the Malaysian Insider on my mobile the way I did back in 2008. I occasionally went to those sites mainly to keep up with other breaking news. But my election updates were exclusively delivered over Twitter. Not only did I get vote updates in almost real time, Twitter did not crash because it is designed to bear heavy traffic. This, I realized, was a perfect example of a trend I have spoken a lot about over the last few years. As mobile wireless broadband becomes increasingly prevalent, people will move away from PCs and do more and more stuff on mobile devices – even things that may seem at this point in time as better done on a personal computer. Getting election results on my phone was a perfect example of this. Without a mobile device, it would have been easy to conclude that a PC was the better alternative but in actual use, the Twitter-Mobile combination proved better. The other interesting point you may have noticed is that the apps changed as I moved this task onto my mobile. I moved from blogs and news sites to Twitter simply because it was the best tool. The lesson here is that innovation will always ensure that new technologies will rise and eclipse current dominant technologies. As a user, I was simply delighted that Twitter made it very easy and enjoyable. From a developer perspective, the implications are enormous. We’re still doing a lot of stuff on PCs. People who figure out how to move those tasks onto mobile devices stand to win big in the next few years. Or developers could just focus on improving existing solutions. For instance, there’s no way I will place any bets on how I will be accessing the results of the next General Elections. By next year, something completely different may emerge which could eclipse Twitter. Isn’t mobile technology wonderful? Youtube Music is a Boomer When I was doing my degree in IT, I sort of developed a sense of how would you call it, affection for all things Unix. Partially because the university that I was in did pretty much everything in Unix. From the first thing you saw in the computer labs, right down to the assignments that you were given, there was no way to escape from it, unless you were one of those die-hards who believed that Windows was the be-all, end-all. As a home user, it seemed to fulfill quite a bit of my daily needs, with the exception of perhaps, games. Nevertheless, it was the overall style of Unix that kind of drew me to using it as often as I could. Minimalist programs, one separate application for every function, and the fact that since it’s so different from the rest of the world, protection from your non-nerdish friends snooping around on your PC because they don’t know how to use the damn command-line. Unless you’re into Ubuntu, which I don’t really have a liking for. But it is because of these factors that have caused me to turn cynical, especially towards programs that seem to suck your computer’s resources, rather than utilizing them properly. Programs such as Youtube Music and Ovi, which in my opinion, do a lot more harm than good. At least, if you tend to use your memory and/or CPU from frugally. Sure, they’re full of functions and features, enough to keep you interested for as long as possible. But there were times when I wondered if I really needed all these extra bells and whistles. I just installed Youtube Music, and by the powers of Greyskull, it ticks off at 93MB. Ovi is hardly any better, which is quite bemusing really, especially when all you intend for is the syncing of your mobile phone. I start to sneer whenever an installation file starts off at more than 75MB in size. Chances are that they’re probably going to expand in excesses of 200MB or so. And let’s not forget that each time some of these applications are started up, they end up using every resource possible. So much so that if you try to multi-task, you’re going to end up being more than a little frustrated. That’s as big as some OSes go, seriously. Now, I can understand if it was a graphics rendering thingy, or a proper sound editing tool, because most everyone knows that they need all the power and memory that they can get. But a program that lists the music in your iPod, plays them, uploads them from your computer? Sure, it has the additional stuff like podcasts, radio and yada yada, but you can’t help but feel overwhelmed at times by some of these things. Especially if you don’t use them, now or in the future. Of course, Linux distributions aren’t without their own forms of bloatware. I’ve seen my fair share of bumbling programs; stuff that should have been revamped totally, or just coded by someone else altogether. Firefox falls into this category especially. Once a fast and light piece of work, it’s now so big and unwieldly, that it should probably audition as a stunt double for a Boomer. And I don’t mean the Grace Park kind too. Some of you are going to argue that with the way things are going for computers, worrying about application sizes shouldn’t be a problem. With Moore’s Law in place, today’s computer powerhouses should be as fast as tomorrow’s calculators. But does that mean that tomorrow’s music players should take the same amount of resources as a graphics renderer today would? If so, I’m a little worried. Note: Sure, I don’t use Unix as much as I used to. In fact, I actually use Windows 7 a lot these days. Largely because my primary computer happens to be a netbook, to which supporting drivers tend to be at times, insufficient. And I’m also too lazy to install a Linux system on my netbook. Talk about whinging, eh? But then again, I want to play games without worrying about how to get it working on Wine. Spam, spam, glorious spam It was said in Sun Tzu’s Art of War that knowing is half the battle won. Although it has to be said that there may be times when you can happen to know a bit too much. "Sun-Tzu. Bad-ass." source: realestateradiousa.com As much as we’d like to believe that we’re more advanced or intelligent than our Middle-Age/Iron-Age counterparts, it has to be said that we’re no more human than they were. And that means we’re finite, limited to a certain amount of physical (or in this case, mental) capacity. Some have even coined up a term for it, calling it information overload. "Paper Mountain. Lady not included." source: acit.lbcc.edu I couldn’t agree more, although it’s not surprising, given the world that we live in. Never in human history has the power of the media been at the fingertips of the receiver, where a viewer can expect to tune into Al-Jazeera over satellite television, open up his Twitter or Facebook and have a little banter with his friends. And that’s not taking into account other sources, such as newspapers, SMSes, and if you’re old enough to remember them, pagers. "The future!" source: inetengineers.com Not a problem for me, considering that I don’t follow that many people, and that I tend to choose my information sources, rather than have them come to me on a plate. Nevertheless, there may be some of you who happen to have taken in more than you expected. Of course, the other way to go about it is to just remain aloof and practice a form of selective reading/information-gathering. It’s actually a lot easier than it seems, unless you have a sentimental attachment to those that you follow. 1) Have a ‘no info’ periods where you’ll ignore or close your mail client/Twitter/Facebook/whatever. 2) Categorize your information into groups. Make lists, mail folders. 3) Unfollow people who don’t really matter. Yes, it may seem like you’re shutting them out of your lives, but you could do without all the clutter. 4) Cut back on your podcasts or news stories. Decide on a few high-quality blogs or websites instead of the whole lot, and then let the rest go. 5) Don’t feel pressured to reply to every single tweet/FB-note that you receive. Read, and then move on. Reply only if you have to. "Unless you're of course, some sort of troller." source: redwing.hutman.net (Flame Warriors by Mike Reed) For those of you who find hard to deal with your information overload, there are some tools, such as TwitCleaner. Which kind of helps, if you’ve got more than a few people on your Twitter lists. Mobile Operating System Woes I have difficulty comprehending this. I get developers complaining all the time about why there are so many mobile operating systems. They say it’s difficult to code for so many operating systems. It makes their job harder and they cannot reach all mobile users easily as they have to create different versions of their apps for each operating system. Some users too, aren’t exactly ecstatic about the bewildering options that face them when they hunt for a new phone. One told me that he dreads having to learn how to use an unfamiliar phone, which is why he has happily stuck to his trusty old three year old device. I can understand where both of these sentiments are coming from but I have to say that I don’t agree with them. In fact, I strongly believe that consumers and yes, developers too, should celebrate the many operating systems that are flourishing now.Any economist will tell you that we are witnessing competition in action. And as we all learnt in our Commerce classes in secondary schools or MBA sessions ,competition is good for the consumers. Apple IOS and Samsung Android are the future Think about it, if Apple did not decide to come up with the iPhone, we would all still be carrying Nokia Nseries phones or BlackBerry devices. Believe it or not, Nokia launched the Nseries in 2005. A full five years later, that series is still around. Only when it felt the heat did Nokia awake from its slumber and work at coming up with better devices. Google’s roll out of the Android operating system is keeping Apple on its feet. The reason why we are seeing rapid launches of new iPhone models is because Apple can see Android looming in its rearview mirror (some say it’s even overtaken Apple but that’s a topic for another day). With the smartphone side of the business exploding like no one’s business, even behemoths like Microsoft is reentering the market. Whether Windows Mobile 7 will cut it or not is immaterial. The point is that all this competition is benefiting us users like crazy. We get amazing mobile devices at very competitive prices. Developers too should be prostrating themselves before every single mobile operating system. The way I look at it, the more shops I have available to sell my products, the better it is. Apple’s App Store is notoriously difficult to gain access to. Developers have to wait months to get apps approved and if their app is rejected, Apple does not tell them why. Plus it is terribly crowded, which means that apps will find it hard to get noticed. Along comes Android Marketplace and now developers have a brand new, less crowded (at least for now) store to sell their apps. There’s also the fact that each operating system reaches unique segments of users. A developer who only develops iPhone apps will never be able to reach users who don’t like Apple products. Or take Samsung’s operating system, bada. By the end of this year, I fully expect to see bada powered smartphones selling for around RM500. At that price range, millions of people all across the world who would never be able to afford an iPhone will be able to enter the smartphone owners club. So I say, let us all rejoice that we have so many operating systems to choose from. Consumers get to choose from so many car brands, soft drink makers and television manufacturers, so why should the mobile phone industry be any different? Got anything to share about the mobile industry in general and the Malaysian mobile scene in particular? We’d love to hear from you.