RAW RANKED SITES ABOUT
#LITERATURE STUDY

The most comprehensive list of literature study websites last updated on Sep 1 2020.
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SparkNotes: Today's Most Popular Study Guides SparkNotes are the most helpful study guides around to literature, math, science, and more. Find sample tests, essay help, and translations of Shakespeare.
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Study Guides & Essay Editing | GradeSaver GradeSaver offers study guides, application and school paper editing services, literature essays, college application essays and writing help.
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Shmoop: Homework Help, Teacher Resources, Test Prep Rollicking homework help, teacher resources, and online test prep. Homework help lovingly written by PhD students from Stanford, Harvard, Berkeley
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BookRags.com | Study Guides, Essays, Lesson Plans, & Homework Help The largest collection of literature study guides, lesson plans & educational resources for students & teachers.
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Best Essay Examples, Book Summaries & Study Guides ✅ Daily UPDATES! FreeBook Summary is the Fullest Database of Literature ➜ Search Essay Examples on Top Books From Students’ Curricula for Your Inspiration 📚 Try It!
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SuperSummary | Literature Study Guides & Summaries In-depth study guides written by experienced teachers, professors, and literary scholars for a wide range of fiction and non-fiction titles.
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Texas A&M University-Commerce Texas A&M University-Commerce is a four year university offering more than one hundred courses of study from 26 academic departments.
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Lastnewsbd.com। Popular daily Online newspaper in Bangladesh. Welcome to www.lastnewsbd.com is a pioneer online news portal in Bangladesh. The online portal, comprising of a group of young, talented and renowned journalists with fullest sincere, dedication and accountability , is covering every sphere of news including politics, culture, international affairs, sports and many more in both local and global aspect. Moreover, the news portal is committed to cater real-time news services for online readers. Our news portal available in both Bengali and English version.
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Short Stories and Classic Literature The American Literature Library has thousands of FREE short stories and classic books free for you to enjoy. The site features a vast short story library and great authors from around the world as well as books, stories, poems, quotations and searchable quotes. Don''t miss our short story collections, children''s library and Christmas stories. The American Literature site has been serving readers, writers, teachers and students with public domain content and original commentary for more than twenty years.
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Free Study Guide Answers, Book and Literature Notes - Novelguide.com Get homework help from novelguide.com. Get free study guide answers, book notes including complete summary analysis, chapter analysis from all authors.
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York Notes: Bestselling English Literature Revision Study Guides OFFICIAL York Notes website. UK’s bestselling GCSE, A Level & Undergraduate English Literature revision guides. Over 250 titles - Print, Online, Kindle, ePub, Android, iPhone, iPad
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തുഞ്ചത്തെഴുത്തച്ഛന്‍ മലയാളസര്‍വകലാശാല Thunchath Ezhuthachan Malayalam University was established in 2012. T The University is came in to being on 1st November 2012. The primary objective of the Malayalam University is the promotion of study and research of Malayalam language, literature and Kerala culture. The territorial limits of the University extend to the whole of India. Malayalam University envisages only Post Graduate level of teaching in various fields like Malayalam Language, literature, media, humanities, social science and technology through the medium of Malayalam.The cultural and intellectual heritage of Kerala is a major area identified for post graduate and specialized study.
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Home | Modern Language Association Founded in 1883 by teachers and scholars, the Modern Language Association (MLA) promotes the study and teaching of language and literature.
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Social Studies for Kids Social Studies for Kids is a site with articles, subjects, and tons of links for all subjects of social studies, with a focus on what kids and their teachers/parents are learning.
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Bhorer Dak || Daily Newspaper in Bangladesh The most reliable online daily news portal. We provide latest news about various categories for 24/7 days.
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California State University, East Bay Named a ''Best in the West'' college and a ''Best Business School'' by The Princeton Review, Cal State East Bay offers a nationally acclaimed freshman year experience, award-winning curriculum, personalized instruction, small classes, distinctly pragmatic and applied learning, and expert faculty. The San Francisco East Bay Area''s high-access public university of choice, CSUEB serves the region with campuses in Hayward and Concord, a professional development center in Oakland, and an innovative online campus. The University offers its 14,800 students a choice of more than 100 professionally focused fields of study and confers bachelor''s and master''s degrees, plus an Ed.D. in education. Today, Cal State East Bay is responding to regional workforce and education needs with a focus on becoming a resource and hub for science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education. Ranking high in value and affordability with among the lowest fees in the nation for comparable institutions, Cal State East Bay is where all your possibilities come into view.
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Boloji.com - A Study in Diversity - News, Views, Analysis, Literature, Poetry, Features - Express Yourself Boloji.com is a portal dealing with weekly opinions on current affairs, social ethos, parenting, poetry, and a study of the diversity of India. The topics covered are Architecture, Astrology, Ayurveda, Buddhism, Dances, Festivals, Hinduism, Indian History, Literature, Places, etc.
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Bible Odyssey Explore the fascinating origins of the Bible and its eventful history. On Bible Odyssey, the world’s leading scholars share the latest historical and literary research on key people, places, and passages of the Bible.
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নিরাপদ নিউজ |সত্য ও ন্যায় প্রকাশে প্রতিদিন, নিরাপদ সড়কে আপোষহীন 24/7 bangla online news portal সত্য ও ন্যায় প্রকাশে প্রতিদিন, নিরাপদ সড়কে আপোষহীন
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Home | The Hellenic Journal | Study of Greek language | Hellenic Society The Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies, generally known as the Hellenic Society, was founded in 1879 to advance the study of Greek language, literature, history, art and archaeology in the Ancient, Byzantine and Modern periods.
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FREE Booknotes Study Guides and Chapter Summary''s at Bookwolf Offering 100% free book notes and literature summaries. With a comprehensive homework help message board and great competitions, make Bookwolf the first stage of every successful book report.
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Discover France - French Arts, Culture, Tourism Welcome to France! Explore French arts, culture, history, language, literature, lodging, museums, shopping, sightseeing, wine tasting, etc. Take a tour through this fascinating and beautiful country!
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Excellence in Literature Home - Excellence in Literature by Janice CampbellExcellence in Literature by Janice Campbell | Reading and writing through the classics. The Excellence in Literature home site offers study guides and resources for teaching classic literature in its historic, artistic, and cultural context.
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Scientology Handbook: How Scientology Can Help You Practical Scientology information to help with such things as drugs, preventing divorce, relationships, children, career, study and education, self esteem, depression, anxiety, stress and communication.
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British Council Malaysia The British Council is the UK's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities. We are on the ground in six continents and over 100 countries, bringing international opportunity to life, every day. Find out more about us.
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Nalanda University Nalanda is a postgraduate, research intensive, international university supported by the participating countries of the East Asia Summit.
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Literature and Study Guides, Homework Help, Teacher Resources Free Literature Study Guides for students and Teaching Resources for teachers. Learn, Revise and Prepare with Professor Monami Mukherjee and associates.
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Daily Ajkaler Khobor || Daily Newspaper in Bangladesh The most reliable online daily news portal. We provide latest news about various categories for 24/7 days.
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Turner Publishing Turner Publishing Company is an award-winning, independent publisher of books. The company is in the top 101 independent publishing companies in the U.S. as compiled by Bookmarket.com and has been named four times to Publishers Weekly''s Fastest Growing Publishers List. Todd Bottorff, President and Publisher, was featured on the cover of Publisher’s Weekly in March 2014 after being named to their fastest growing publisher list. Headquartered in Nashville, TN & operating since 1984, Turner currently publishes 5,000 titles. They have a broad array of with titles in both fiction & non-fiction. Our fiction categories include Children, Juvenile, Literature, Mystery and Suspense, Romance, Science Fiction and Fantasy, Thriller, and Women’s fiction. Our non-fiction categories include Antiques and Collectibles, Architecture, Art, Biography and Autobiography, Body, Mind and Spirit, Business and Economics, Computers, Cooking, Crafts and Hobbies, Education, Family and Relationships, Foreign Language Study, Games, Health and Fitness, History, House and Home, Humor, Juvenile, Language Arts and Disciplines, Literary Criticism, Mathematics, Medical, Music, Performing Arts, Pets, Philosophy, Poetry, Political Science, Popular Culture, Psychology, Reference, Religion, Science, Self-Help, Social Science, Sports and Recreation, Study Aids, Technology and Engineering, Transportation, Travel, and True Crime. Turner continues to expand their collections and titles by acquiring innovative content from existing and debut authors worldwide. Turner books are currently being sold in over 55 countries & continuing to grow.
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Annals of Applied Sport Science The Annals of Applied Sport Science (AASS) follows a rigorous peer-review process for the submission of all articles. AASS publishes not only original articles and review articles but also editorials and short communications in the sport sciences. The Journal is published quarterly in electronic editions. The editorial policy of The Annals of Applied Sport Science (AASS) follows the multi-disciplinary purposes of the sport science to promote the highest standards of scientific study referring to the following fields: a) Sport Physiology, b) Sport Management, c) Kinesiology and Sport Injuries, d) Sport Psychology and Motor Control, e) Sport Biomechanics, and its related branches. The emphasis of the Journal is on the human sciences, broadly defined, and applied to sport and exercise that is defined inclusively to refer to all forms of human movement that aim to maintain or improve physical and mental well-being, create or improve social relationships, or obtain results in competition at all levels. The Journal publishes original research as well as review articles. AASS invites the submission of original research articles and reviews of the sport science literature from sport scientists and scholars throughout the world. All research articles and review papers have undergone rigorous peer review, based on initial editor screening and anonymized (double-blind) refereeing by three reviewers (a statistical and two scientific reviewers). نشريه وقايع علوم کاربردی ورزش (AASS) از طريق يک فرآيند داوری دقيق به بررسی همه مقالات واصله اقدام می‌کند. نشريه AASS نه تنها مقاله اصيل و مقاله مروری بلکه حتی سرمقاله و مقاله کوتاه در زمينه علوم ورزشی را منتشر خواهد نمود. اين نشريه بطور فصلنامه و در نسخه‌های الکترونيک انتشار می‌يابد. سياست سردبيری نشريه وقايع علوم کاربردی ورزش از اهداف چندمبحثی علوم ورزشی پيروی می‌کند تا بالاترين استانداردهای مطالعه علمی را در زمينه‌هايی از قبيل ا و شاخه‌های وابسته بدان ارتقاء دهد. تأکيد نشريه بر علوم انسانی، و به معنای گسترده، علوم کاربردی برای ورزش و تمرين است، و بر پايه يک تعريف جامع برمی‌گردد به همه اَشکال حرکات انسانی که به قصد حفظ يا بهبود بهزيستی جسمانی و ذهنی، ايجاد يا بهبود روابط اجتماعی، يا کسب نتايج در همه سطوح از رقابت‌ها انجام می‌شود. اين نشريه علاوه بر تحقيقات اصيل، مقالات مروری را نيز منتشر می‌کند. نشريه حاضر پذيرای دريافت مقالات پژوهشی اصيل و مروری در زمينه علوم ورزشی از محققين و دانشوران ورزشی تمام دنياست. همه مقالات تحقيقی و يادداشت های مروری تحت بررسی داوری دقيق، برپايه غربالگری اوليه سردبير و داوری مقاله بی نام (دوسوکور) توسط سه داور (يک داور آماری و دو داور علمی) قرار می گيرد.
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Бібліотечний інформаційно-освітній портал - Головна Інформаційно-освітній портал - допомога у популяризації книг і читання, сприяння розвитку та поширенню бібліотек і читання, консолідація бібліотечних фахівців, Как обновить и осовременить дизайн библиотеки
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HbNews24.com_দৈনিক হৃদয়ে বাংলাদেশ Hbnews24.com is a Media, News & Publishing in Bangladesh. The largest new-generation online news portal in Bangladesh,
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News Portal Hbnews24.com is a Media, News & Publishing in Bangladesh. The largest new-generation online news portal in Bangladesh,
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IA Assistance – A succinct guide to IB internal assessments HL Subjects HL Biology HL Chemistry HL Economics HL English A Language and Literature HL Geography HL Mathematics HL Physics HL Theatre HL Visual Art Comparative Study Process Portfolio SL Subjects SL Business and Management SL Chinese A Language and Literature SL Chinese B SL English A Language and Literature FOA Written Task SL Mathematics…
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London's Learning London''s Learning provides Quality home tuition. All subjects, ages and exams. Qualified experienced teachers. Tutors throughout greater London
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☼ Fantasy remains a human right ☽ ❧ J.R.R. Tolkien hufflepuff. scorpio. enfj. house tyrell. bibliophile. I study and teach literature. Medieval, Renaissance, and Fantasy genres are my forte.❦ Mama to a little boy and married to the...
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How Near Armageddon by Elana Janson This book has an urgent message for Christians. Read an analysis of revelation(s). Ask How near Armageddon?
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aatinyhouse | Creating "new" from old, building and living in a tiny "reclaimed" house. Beginning in 2012, I will live in this 216 square foot space as I pursue my PhD studies in Literature and the Environment. In this way, I hope to live a little smaller, leave a little lighter, and learn in what ways formal study can be acted in the every day. Creating "new" from old, building and living in a tiny "reclaimed" house. Beginning in 2012, I will live in this 216 square foot space as I pursue my PhD studies in Literature and the Environment. In this way, I hope to live a little smaller, leave a little lighter, and learn in what ways formal study can be acted in the every day.
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English Language and Literature Study Site – İngiliz Dili ve Edebiyatı Çalışma Kaynağı
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Sergei Avksentevich Kolyada | PAINTING THE HEART OF MOSCOW: A SUSTAINED VISION The artworks of Russian artist Sergei Avksentevich Kolyada are intimately tied to his love for his home town of Moscow where he was a faithful resident for the ninety years of his life. A highly accomplished portraitist, still life and landscape artist; it is his series on "Old Moscow" that has received the greatest acclaim by critics, including renowned Russian art commentator Valentina Arzarkovich and art critic Vladimir Kostin. With time, this collection will become essential as a unique and very complete witness of a faithful picture of Old Moscow already disappeared or on the verge of disappearing. Sergei was born in Moscow in 1907. Admitted as an apprentice to famous artist Nicolai Krymov's studio at the age of 18, it was a crucial meeting for Kolyada with a master of impression and light which would have an important influence on his future artistic career. His apprenticeship was followed by four years of study at the prestigious Superior Institute of Arts and Techniques (Vhutemas – Vhutein) under Shterenberg and Guerassimov, after which he joined the OST (Society of Easel Painters) for two years prior to its disbandment by the authorities. The beginning of Kolyada's career coincided with the establishment of Soviet Socialist Realism as the only authorized style of art. Prominent artists and writers joined political authorities in declaring that art and literature must depict the "reality of Revolutionary Russia." Although he was admitted into the Union of Artists and participated in many group exhibitions, he did not gain the prestige of colleagues who fulfilled the Party's plans for realistic Art. He kept his personal and artistic integrity, perhaps at the expense of lost opportunities for advancement. In 1945, a great number of his early paintings (including a number of avant-garde works) were destroyed in a fire at his parents' home. As with numerous artists of that time, Kolyada worked not only for the state in an official capacity; but also created a large body of impressive private works, including portraits, still lives and landscapes. Co-founder of the Society of Painters of the Moscow region and of the Union of Painters of Russia, after the Second World War, he participated in a few artistic missions in the "Pouchinsky-Gory" region (which inspired Pouchkine) and in the kolkhozes of the Moscow's region during the 1950's. In the 1960s, he started painting the landscapes of "his" old Moscow; a long and patient work which he willingly and passionately continued for over 30 years. Focusing on the lesser known streets and laneways, and old condemned suburbs; the subject of each work was painstakingly researched. The artist retrieved old archival records and compiled a dossier for each work detailing the "life" of the house or building he was portraying – who its residents had been, the architect, significant design features, its unique "story." His love for the landscapes of his youth would see him complete a unique collection that with time, is becoming increasingly important as a record of the Moscow that "was" – now replaced in many instances by new housing estates and mass developments, the old buildings lost forever. With "Kouneka" – Moscow 1978 In his last years, one of the (then) oldest member of the Union of Artists of Russia, Kolyada travelled, painted and exhibited outside the URSS; in Australia first, then in France in Etretat, Angers, Dinard and Paris. He died in Moscow in 1996 at the age of 89. Besides a great number of group exhibitions, Kolyada's long career is marked by important solo exhibitions in the prestigious Tretiakov Gallery, the Krimsky-Val Gallery and the Glinka Museum, as well as the famous White House (Douma) for the 850th Anniversary of Moscow foundation. Some of his works have also been included in 5 different exhibitions at the Museum of Russian Art in Minneapolis in the United States. Three important Moscow Museums hold a dozen of Kolyada's works acquired when the artist was still alive: The State Tretiakov Gallery, The Moscow Historical Museum and the Lounatcharsky Museum. All his life, Sergei Kolyada never sought fame. Modest, he always maintained recognition would come at an appropriate time. The legacy of Kolyada and his unique record of "Old Moscow" are today increasingly gaining the prominence they deserve. Sergei Kolyada, at home in Moscow, 1994
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Learn English, IELTS, EFL,ESL Public Speaking, Grammar, Literature, Linguistics by NEO The blog is for Free English Language Speaking Online Course, Literature and Linguistics. Learn Listening, Reading, Writing, Speaking and Audio-Video English. You can study grammar, vocabulary,life coaching and exam skills.
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goodreads The website maintained by Lynne Cherry, author of "The Great Kapok Tree" and 30 other children's boks. Official Lynne Cherry site.
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AUCP Legacy Blog | STUDY ABROAD IN THE SOUTH OF FRANCE / LA VIE EN BLOG STUDY ABROAD IN THE SOUTH OF FRANCE / LA VIE EN BLOG
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ENGLISH LITERATURE FOR UGC-NET/SET/PG TRB EXAMS UGC-NET/SET/PG TRB Exams for English Literature. syllabus,free study materials,free e-books,
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Pain in the Neck | notes from a neck pain clinic I heard some wonderful opening lines waft through the thin cubicle curtains (as if privacy were just a visual thing) in my time as an NHS physiotherapist, but nothing beats the pain of 'Shall we share a story?' - an intrusive frown to boot I bet - delivered by an eager early adopter of the psychosocial aspects of our work, back in the late nineties. But where and how should we begin our sessions - and does it matter? Is it possible that the first words of the session carry greater import than we care to acknowledge? And do our initial muttered utterances have implications for the trajectory of the entire 'therapy'? Roberts and Langridge (2018) have recently noted that surprisingly little attention has been given in the literature on how 'best' to open the clinical encounter, but one study does at least shed some light on the variety and preferred 'openings' that physiotherapists use. Chester et al (2014) audio-recorded 42 initial consultations (and 17 first follow-up encounters - but we won't be discussing those here, interesting though they are) between qualified physiotherapists and individuals with back pain, in an adult musculoskeletal, primary care outpatient setting. Eleven different opening questions were identified which were then used to determine clinicians' preferences in a national survey from a broad range of physiotherapy professional networks (Sports Medicine, Orthopaedics, Massage and Soft Tissue Therapy, and Pain Management). A selection of the openings used by physiotherapists from Chester et al (2014). The preferred opening question for an initial encounter among the physiotherapists who responded was: 'Do you want to just tell me a little bit about your problem first of all?' Although the survey response in this study was small, the paper apparently generated much debate. I don't know about you but some of these opening phrases sit rather awkwardly with me: talk of a 'bit of a chat' and 'a little bit about your problem' are hardly suggestive of a forthcoming expansive discussion. Personally, I tend towards usually opening with a 'so what's the story?' and then sitting in silence until the narrative has run dry, before engaging with the conversation. Doctor and writer John Launer has also discussed openings in his wonderful book 'Narrative-Based Practice in Health and Social Care' (2018). He suggests there is no reason to avoid one of the conventional questions, such as 'How can I help you?' but does counsel against the use of formulations such as 'What's the problem?' arguing that this 'already closes down possibilities - for example there may not be a problem or there may be several'. He also notes that trained mentors and coaches often start meetings with the question: 'What are you hoping to get out of our conversation today?' Asking this can save a lot of time that might otherwise be spent barking up the wrong tree, and the answer is often quite unexpected, he notes (Launer 2014). In another fascinating piece - 'The Three Second Consultation' - Launer (2009) spends over an hour reviewing the first three seconds of a recorded consultation - concluding that the best conversations, whether social or professional, are unconstrained by any prior expectations of where they ought to go. Rita Charon - in her book 'Narrative Based Medicine' - describes using 'tell me what you think I should know about your situation' followed by 'a commitment to listen and not to write or speak'. Charon describes how foregoing the urge to order the narrative leads to her absorbing what is being said without ' deranging the narratives into my own form of story.' She describes listening 'as hard as I can.' Indeed Charon cites work suggesting that warmth and intimacy between clinician and patient tend not to build over time, but achieve whatever level they will achieve at the first meeting. And what do we do after the initial response to our opener? According to Roberts & Langridge (2018) physiotherapists interrupt the patient whilst they are answering the opening question in 60% of cases! Marvel et al (1999) found nearly half of patients were interrupted whilst describing their problem and - wait for it - patients were given on average just 23.1 seconds to describe their problem before being interrupted. But how long does it take a person to describe their problem? Langewitz et al. (2002) reported that people will take on average 92 seconds to explain their problem in an outpatient setting (if they are not interrupted!). Peter O'Sullivan has discussed the benefits of staying silent after his initial opener of 'tell me your story'. He says 'everyone who comes to me has a story. Usually in that first minute you'll hear something really important about their story - if you just don't say anything - and that will lead you down a path.' (Pain Reframed Podcast 2017). So, whatever opener you decide upon - hush and hold thy tongue dear clinician and LISTEN AS HARD AS YOU CAN! References Charon, R 2006 Narrative Medicine: Honoring the Stories of Illness Chester, E.C., Robinson, N.C., Roberts, L.C., 2014. Opening clinical encounters in an adult musculoskeletal setting. Man Ther, 19, 306-10 Langewitz, W., Denz, M., Keller, A., Kiss, A., Rütimann, S., Wössmer, B., 2002. Spontaneous talking time at start of consultation in outpatient clinic: cohort study. , 325 (7366), 682-3. Launer J (2009) 'The Three Second Consultation' Postgrad Med J 2009;85:560 Launer J (2014)'Good Questions' Postgrad Med J 2014;90:121–122 Marvel, M.K., Epstein, R.M., Flowers, K., Beckmanm H.B., 1999. Soliciting the patient's agenda: have we improved? JAMA., 281 (3), 283-7. Pain Reframed Podcast 'Caring Deeply and Dropping Your Ego' Dr. Tim Flynn and Dr. Jeff Moore with Dr. Peter O'Sullivan Roberts, L. and Langridge, N. (2018) Principles of communication and its application to clinical reasoning. In, Petty, N.J. and Barnard, K.(eds.) Principles of musculoskeletal treatment and management: a handbook for therapists: a handbook for therapists. (Physiotherapy Essentials) 3rd ed. Edinburgh. Elsevier, pp. 209-233. If you are interested in learning more about Narrative-Based Practice in Health Care, John Launer and colleagues are running a three day workshop at the University of Hertfordshire, UK in Summer 2019. Further details here: Conversations Inviting Change
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The Books of Daniel | Inside the den of haunted house fiction   Welcome to my den - a cozy place to study haunted house fiction. My interest in haunted houses began as I was doing research for my own novel – The House Sitter.   To get an idea of how the masters of the craft create their stories, I turned to film and literature and crossed…
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Samuel Beckett Summer School A celebration of the life and work of Samuel Beckett in the city where he began his intellectual life. A week of lectures, seminars, performances, exhibits, cultural events, field trips, and workshops at Trinity College Dublin.
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MELUS | The Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States
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Accountancy books, Business Study Books , Ebooks SahityaBhawan Sahityabhawan.com is presenting a selection of books on accountancy, business studies books, literature magazines and many more. Visit us to view more books .
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Global French Studies – Valentin Duquet  لِتَعَارَفُوا "So that [we] may know one another" [1] This extract from the Qur’an 49:13[2] captures my vocation as a teacher and a scholar to provide a better mutual understanding and appreciation across communities and cultures. In an anti-global climate, I remain committed to the study of transnational literature that is applicable to general interest issues.…
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Friends of American Writers Chicago FAW, Friends of American Writers, A Chicago Literary Organization established in 1922 to study American literature, to encourage high standards and to promote literary ideals among American writers. The premier Literary Organization in Chicago.
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G.K.Image & Gujarat Educational Updates About Life & Educatoin, GK, Current Affairs, 7th Pay Salary and Tax, Life Planner, Insurance Company, Sales Tax Officer, IT, Organizational Job, Etc
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Mujibsena News Mujibsena News - "The Most Read Bangla Newspaper, Brings You Latest Bangla News Online. Get Breaking News From The Most Reliable Bangladesh Newspaper..
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Canadian Literature for Social Justice | An annotated bibliography of resources from a Canada-wide SSHRC-funded study on Canadian literature to promote social justice in the classroom.  Welcome to our website of Canadian literary resources selected by teachers in six Canadian provinces for raising issues of social justice in their classrooms. The teachers were participants in a three-year action research project funded by a grant from the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Literacy researchers at the University of Alberta,…
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Online Coconut Oil | Coconut oil online by Brian Shilhavy Editor, Health Impact News Recently we covered a study published in the journal Clinical Nutrition which compared peanut oil consumption with coconut oil consumption among healthy men in India, where those who consumed coconut oil had better health outcomes in terms of heart disease and diabetes. (See: Coconut oil consumption improves fat-free mass, plasma HDL-cholesterol and insulin sensitivity in healthy men with normal BMI compared to peanut oil.) A researcher at The University of Edinburgh Medical School wrote a Letter to the Editor of Clinical Nutrition commenting on this study, criticizing current government nutritional guidelines regarding saturated dietary fat restrictions. The cross-over study by Korrapati et al. detailed the potential cardioprotective effect of coconut oil, and I would like to thank the authors for their insight. Whilst the sample size was small, it was well-designed to investigate its primary end-points. This study is particularly topical as, despite removal of the maximum dietary fat intake restriction from guidelines, a major resistance against saturated fats remains. Setting aside the issue of whether or not saturated fats should be restricted at all, given the abundance of contrary evidence in the medical literature, the Edinburgh Medical School researcher reported that such guidelines do not distinguish between different types of saturated fats. Saturated fats can be found in animal products, such as butter, as well as plant sources, such as coconuts and date palms. The rise in high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) with coconut oil consumption is certainly a compelling finding. Results from a recent and larger-scale randomised trial by Khaw et al. corroborate this, but, interestingly, a similar HDL-c elevation was not seen with butter intake, which is also largely composed of saturated fatty acids (SFAs). Indeed, accruing evidence suggests that the saturated versus unsaturated distinction of fats is likely an oversimplification. Korrapati et al. should, therefore, be commended on their focus on the biological properties of coconut oil, particularly the medium chain triglyceride (MCT) dominated fatty acid profile, which may confer atheroprotective effects. Of note, a recent UK/Danish cohort study elicited that chain length is a major determinant of SFA-associated myocardial infarction risk, with no delineable, or even an inverse, relationship existing with short-tomedium chain SFA consumption. The researcher also noted the inherent problems with most government nutritional guidelines to replace saturated fats with polyunsaturated fats that are supposed to be more "heart healthy," when polyunsaturated fats are prone to lipid peroxidation which make them toxic, and are linked to inflammatory causes. The promotion of polyunsaturated oils (mostly corn and soybean oils in western countries, but sometimes peanut oil in Asian countries like this study) in the modern day diet also leads to an Omega 6 to Omega 3 ratio imbalance. I note that the detrimental impacts of peanut oil consumption were comparatively overlooked in the analysis; it would have been interesting to explore the authors' interpretation of this data. The unfavourable lipid profile, with elevation of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), is an especially salient finding given the long-standing recommendations to substitute polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in place of SFAs. It is difficult to discern from the methodology whether the additional 35 g of coconut/peanut oil daily was provided in a cold formulation, or whether it was heated for meal preparation. With a significantly greater PUFA content than coconut oil, peanut oil is more susceptible to lipid peroxidation during cooking; numerous studies have demonstrated a deranged metabolic profile, including elevated inflammatory markers and LDL-c, with hot vegetable oil intake [5], and, thus, clarification on this issue would be greatly appreciated. Furthermore, whilst Korrapati et al. outline the 15-fold greater concentration of linoleic acid in peanut oil versus coconut oil, I wonder if this could have been further developed. Linoleic acid represents the most abundant omega-6 fatty acid, and whilst no consensus has been reached regarding its contribution to cardiovascular disease, omega-3/omega-6 imbalance is becoming an increasingly contentious issue. (Source. Subscription or payment needed to view full article.) USDA Dietary Advice on Saturated Fats Based on Faulty or Corrupt Research The "lipid theory" of heart disease, the theory that blames saturated fat and cholesterol for causing heart disease, is widely believed to be linked to a researcher in the late 1950s and early 1960s by the name of Ancel Keys from the University of Minnesota. His original study has been shown to be false, with selective bias being used to only select certain populations that fit his theory. Journalist Paul John Scott, writing for the Star Tribune in 2011, admitted that Keys' work was not widely accepted by scientists at the time, and now is considered "junk science." We told the world that heart disease is caused by elevated cholesterol and that reducing saturated fat in the diet reduces this risk. That led the country to embrace the lowering of cholesterol with medications. All of those assumptions have proven themselves to be either overstated, oversimplified or wrong, and that has led us astray. Would it be too much for the leading cardiologists in our community to admit as much? "It was also nearly 60 years ago," as Dr. Daniel J. Garry extolled on these pages ("Treating heart disease at the U: A story of steady innovations," April 14), "that University of Minnesota scientists — Dr. Ancel Keys along with Drs. Francisco Grande and Joseph Anderson — defined the relationship between dietary fat and serum cholesterol, which linked cholesterol to heart disease." Garry went on to praise the creation of cholesterol-lowering drugs that stemmed from Keys' work. Keys constructed his hypothesis after studying the diets and heart disease in countries across the globe. But his research left out nations with data that did not match the hypothesis, and even within the data he published, populations existed in which diet and heart disease were wildly out of synch with his model. By 1970, an English researcher named John Yudkin would argue that sugar in the diet was the cause of heart disease in wealthy nations, but Keys, sensing that his theory was suddenly vulnerable to reconsideration, aggressively led the charge to have that research discredited. (Source.) Nevertheless, this faulty research was used during the 1970s in a Congressional hearing to decide USDA nutritional advice in, and the infamous "McGovern Report" on nutrition resulted in condemning saturated fats and blaming them for causing heart disease, even over the objections of many scientists who did not believe Keys' research. This YouTube clip contains actual film footage by CBS news regarding the McGovern report in 1977, and how scientists cautioned the politicians at that time that the science did NOT support the conclusion that saturated fats and cholesterol caused heart disease. In 2017, a group of researchers with the Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies at the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF), reviewed historical scientific literature funded by the Sugar Research Foundation since the 1960s, which gives us a great perspective on how the war on saturated fats became public policy. These researchers at UCSF, Cristin E. Kearns, DDS, MBA; Laura A. Schmidt, PhD, MSW, MPH; and Stanton A. Glantz, PhD, revealed how the Sugar Research Foundation (SRF) influenced Harvard medical researchers financially and otherwise to report open-ended inconclusive research that omitted a lot of conclusive negative health data. Their first article was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA Internal Medicine) in 2016. The title of the study is Sugar Industry and Coronary Heart Disease Research: A Historical Analysis of Internal Industry Documents. The New York Times, which has given some press to exposing the saturated fat myth for over ten years now, led the mainstream media outlets that covered the UCSF study: How the Sugar Industry Shifted Blame to Fat Here are some excerpts: The sugar industry paid scientists in the 1960s to play down the link between sugar and heart disease and promote saturated fat as the culprit instead, newly released historical documents show. The internal sugar industry documents, recently discovered by a researcher at the University of California, San Francisco, and published Monday in JAMA Internal Medicine, suggest that five decades of research into the role of nutrition and heart disease, including many of today's dietary recommendations, may have been largely shaped by the sugar industry. "They were able to derail the discussion about sugar for decades," said Stanton Glantz, a professor of medicine at U.C.S.F. and an author of the JAMA Internal Medicine paper. The documents show that a trade group called the Sugar Research Foundation, known today as the Sugar Association, paid three Harvard scientists the equivalent of about $50,000 in today's dollars to publish a 1967 review of research on sugar, fat and heart disease. The studies used in the review were handpicked by the sugar group, and the article, which was published in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine, minimized the link between sugar and heart health and cast aspersions on the role of saturated fat. Even though the influence-peddling revealed in the documents dates back nearly 50 years, more recent reports show that the food industry has continued to influence nutrition science. NPR was another news source that covered the UCSF study in 2016: 50 Years Ago, Sugar Industry Quietly Paid Scientists To Point Blame At Fat The UCSF researchers disclosed how a top executive, John Hickson, vice-president of the SRF at the time took on the task of finding a way to discredit the increasing studies demonstrating sugar's role in creating bad heart health. Interestingly, a few years later in the early 1970s, Hickson became part of the tobacco industry's PR machinery with the Cigar Research Council. "In 1972, an internal tobacco industry memo on Mr. Hickson noted that he had a reputation for manipulating science to achieve his goals," and " …[he is] a supreme scientific politician who had been successful in condemning cyclamates [earlier artificial sweeteners], on behalf of the Sugar Research Council, on somewhat shaky evidence." (Source) Hickson had come up the idea of funding their own research which would enable them to legitimately and officially discredit all the anti-health sugar conclusions. The operational key for this scheme was in Harvard, where "one of the researchers was the chairman of Harvard's Public Health Nutrition Department — and an ad hoc member of SRF's board." (Source) Their review was published in a 1967 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. The fact that it was published in such a prestigious journal as a scientific literature review was enough to establish legitimacy, at least enough to confuse, if not convince, with their inconclusive commentaries of "further studies needed." The review also maintained the now debunked lipid theory of heart disease by encouraging a low fat diet, which led to the McGovern Report. See: Public Health SCANDAL! Sugar Industry Hid Science Linking Sugar to Heart Disease – Blamed Saturated Fats and Cholesterol Instead FDA Prohibits Free Speech on Coconut Oil – Illegal to Call it "Healthy" After the McGovern Report condemned saturated fats as "bad" and causing high cholesterol levels leading to heart disease, the FDA enacted rules for nutritional labeling and a recommended daily limit to consuming saturated fats. If any product contains more than their recommended daily limit, that product cannot be labeled as "healthy." Since coconut oil is over 90% saturated, although with medium chain fatty acids that an abundance of scientific studies show are health promoting, it can never be marketed as "healthy." I learned this first hand in 2005, just 3 years after starting my company Tropical Traditions, the first company to import and sell a "virgin" coconut oil product from the Philippines. Consumers from all over the U.S. were discovering just how healthy virgin coconut oil was, and we published their testimonies along with peer-reviewed scientific studies backing the claims (that growing body of research is found here.) But the FDA issued us a warning letter stating that we were selling "unapproved drugs" since they had not sanctioned or approved any of these claims, in spite of the abundance of testimonials and scientific studies. Since we did not have the funds to go through the drug approval process, which can cost billions of dollars, and since the FDA has never approved of a natural substance that cannot be patented as a "drug," we were forced to remove all testimonials and links to the scientific literature from the website where we were selling coconut oil. This body of research now exists at CoconutOil.com. This FDA rule is being used by attorneys who specialize in class action lawsuits to sue companies who sell coconut oil and market it as "healthy." In 2017 we reported on several of these lawsuits being litigated in California: War on Coconut Oil: California Companies Attacked to try and Prevent the Sale of Coconut Oil Coconut Oil is a Threat to U.S. Subsidized Edible Oils and Big Pharma's Cholesterol Drugs Coconut oil is derived from coconuts, and must be imported as it is not produced much in the U.S. Due to its growth in popularity in recent years, it can be seen as a threat to the edible oil industry and the pharmaceutical industry. The United States is the world's largest supplier of polyunsaturated edible oils, derived mainly from corn and soybeans, two very highly subsidized crops. As a result, the U.S. dominates the worldwide edible oil industry with these "vegetable oils." The concerted attack against saturated fats led to the industrial processing of corn and soy into edible oils. These are not traditional oils that have been in the food chain prior to WWII, as expeller-pressed technology was needed to extract oil from these crops. These vegetable oils need to be chemically processed to remain shelf-stable as a dietary oil, and over 90% of the crops of corn and soy in the U.S. are from GMO seeds. Dr. Mary Enig's excellent treatment of the history of the edible oil industry in America is well worth reading: The Oiling of America USDA dietary advice promotes polyunsaturated oils as "heart healthy," in spite of strong evidence to the contrary. In 2013 a report published in the British Medical Journal looked at resurrected data from a 1960s study, the Sydney Diet Heart Study, which supports a completely different conclusion about the effects of polyunsaturated oils on heart disease. Not only does the evidence not support the claim that polyunsaturated fats prevent heart disease, it shows that just the opposite is true! The conclusion from the abstract: Advice to substitute polyunsaturated fats for saturated fats is a key component of worldwide dietary guidelines for coronary heart disease risk reduction. However, clinical benefits of the most abundant polyunsaturated fatty acid, omega 6 linoleic acid, have not been established. In this cohort, substituting dietary linoleic acid in place of saturated fats increased the rates of death from all causes, coronary heart disease, and cardiovascular disease. An updated meta-analysis of linoleic acid intervention trials showed no evidence of cardiovascular benefit. These findings could have important implications for worldwide dietary advice to substitute omega 6 linoleic acid, or polyunsaturated fats in general, for saturated fats. (Italics added.) See also: Resurrected Data From 1960s Shows American Heart Association's Advice on Dietary Fats has been Wrong Study: Vegetable Oils Contribute to Fatty Liver Disease – Saturated Fats Do Not The Major Role Soybean Oil Plays in Obesity and Diabetes Profitable Cholesterol Drugs It is a well-known fact that historically, drugs designed to lower cholesterol (statins) have been the most prescribed and most profitable drugs in the history of mankind. It is a $100 billion a year industry. The cholesterol-lowering drug Lipitor is the best-selling drug of all time, grossing over $140 billion, with no serious close competitors in the history of pharmaceutical drugs. It wasn't until after the patent on Lipitor ran out, opening the door for cheaper generics to flood the market, that the FDA finally published warnings on the side effects of statin drugs, which include liver injury, memory loss, muscle damage, and Type 2 diabetes. One out of every four Americans over the age of 50 is taking a statin drug to lower their cholesterol, so this is a huge market that depends upon the success of the lipid theory of heart disease which condemns saturated fats and cholesterol as bad. How Many Lives Have Been Destroyed by Bad Nutrition Advice? The science clearly shows how the "lipid theory of heart disease," the belief that saturated fats and cholesterol cause heart disease, is false, but that science can never be published or exposed by Big Pharma, Big Food, or the U.S. Government. To do so would be to admit that such dietary advice, and the cholesterol lowering drugs that have earned them hundreds of BILLIONS of dollars, have been a scam and have led to increased rates of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. These are the leading causes of death today. The polyunsaturated edible oils consumed by over 90% of Americans today, which are not the edible oils of our ancestors, have replaced the traditional saturated fats that our ancestors consumed, such as butter, beef tallow, lard, and vegetable sources such as the tropical oils, coconut oil and palm oil, as well as other traditional oils that have been part of the food chain for thousands of years, such as olive oil. Until recently, these recent additions to the human food chain, polyunsaturated oils derived from corn and soybeans, had to go through an industrial processing called "hydrogenation" to make them shelf stable and behave like saturated fats. This process of hydrogenation was found out to be, years later, toxic, as it produced trans fats, which have now been banned in most countries, and require a warning on U.S. food labels. In addition to the domination of these toxic vegetable oils, official USDA dietary advice, enforced by the FDA, encouraged a low-fat diet, resulting in the consumption of more carbohydrates, mostly in the form of refined sugar. The fraudulent studies used to exonerate processed sugar and put the blame for heart disease and other diseases on saturated fat, has now been exposed. The blood of millions of Americans who followed the advice from this faulty science used by the U.S. government now stains the hands of all those who corrupted the science, and the politicians who enforced it. Virgin Coconut Oil: How it has changed people's lives and how it can change yours! Includes 85 recipes – Free shipping available!
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English Language and Literature pages | Mr Henneman's free worksheets, study guides, essay writing, revision guidance and YouTube links. Writing styles, fiction and non-fiction reading skills. Analysis of plays, novels and poetry. For teachers and independent learners. IF A LINK DOES NOT WORK, TRY THE DROP-DOWN MENU. The site is based on my teaching notes as well as those of other contributors.  These notes are by no means complete and I regret that they are inconsistent in quality.  However, there is a variety of resource material for the development of literary and language skills, which should be useful to teachers and students. …
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englishliterature1 | In this blog I am sharing few English literature notes that I have made from various sources. Hope they will help students of English literature in their study. In this blog I am sharing few English literature notes that I have made from various sources. Hope they will help students of English literature in their study.
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