RAW RANKED SITES ABOUT
#IMPORTANT TODAY

The most comprehensive list of important today websites last updated on Mar 1 2021.
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GreaterGood | Home Your actions at GreaterGood have helped people, pets and planet. Click to fund food for hungry people and animals, health care, education and other important causes today - it''s free!
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Cryptocurrency News | Latest Crypto News today | Cryptonews.com Our Cryptocurrency News feed is a one stop shop destination on all the latest news in crypto. Cryptocurrency News today play an important role in the awareness and expansion of of the crypto industry, so don’t miss out on all the buzz and stay in the known on all the Latest Cryptocurrency News.
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Tori News Tori.ng Latest and breaking news headlines in Nigeria. Tori is the best nigerian news for gossips, entertainment, politics, sports
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Cancel December 1, 2020 - Today is National Christmas Lights Day and World AIDS Day. At National Today, we help you celebrate the most fun, important, and off-beat holidays in the U.S. and around the world. Check out our special deals and contests every day!
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Ecom Freedom™ - Dan Vas The #1 Amazon FBA step by step course and training in the world. Over 6,000+ students and hundreds of proven, verified testimonials. Includes Unlimited Mentorship + Expert Coaching. Receive lifetime access.
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Best Gift Ideas Welcome to the best online gift store offering the widest range of online gift ideas for every important holiday and occassion. Visit Today!
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Special Purpose Acquisition Company Database | SPAC Research SPAC Research gives investors and asset managers access to our special purpose acquisition company database. This includes a profile on each listed SPAC, as well as our calendar of upcoming shareholders meetings and important events. Sign up for a free trial today!
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Mastering Book Publishing: Make Money Publishing Books On Amazon Discover A Proven System On How To Ethically Make Money By Publishing Books On Amazon Without Shady Marketing Tactics.
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Stacker | Expert analysis, digestible stories Stacker delivers entertainment, travel, sports, finance, lifestyle, and news stories in an easy-to-read slideshow format, all driven by expert research, data analysis and editorial insight on some of the important and entertaining topics in the news today.
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FutureofWorking.com | Career Advice for the Future When giving a speech or presentation, how you start can make or break you. You want the beginning to be strong and instantly pull your audience in so that you have their full attention from the get-go. Here are 25 effective ways to start a speech or presentation. 1. The Common Ground Open Opening with a real life experience, goal or interest is a great way to grab the attention of the audience to show them that they can gain something by listening to you. By establishing common ground with the audience, especially if it is done with humility and grace, you put yourself on the same level as your audience. If you are an elderly CEO of a company and you discuss finances with a group of younger entry-level employees, you have to share your own business experiences when you were younger so that the audience will better understand your message. 2. Ask a Question If you want to make your audience think right away, ask them a question to start your speech. Ask either a rhetorical or literal question. Whether or not an answer to that question is called for, when people are posed with a question that matters to them, they will intuitively answer. When you ask a question, raise your hand to indicate what you want the audience to do. After asking a question like "How many people here are self-employed?", see if any audience members raise their hands. Take advantage of this engagement by getting into the heart of your speech. 3. Quote Sometimes it is as easy as opening with a relevant quote. You can set the tone for the rest of your speech if you have a quote that is memorable. You should keep in mind that whoever you quote has to be well known by the audience because if it is someone like your next-door neighbor, the quote will fall flat with everyone. If you are discussing topics related to politics, for example, it is wise to quote a former United States President. "If there is anything that a man can do well, I say let him do it. Give him a chance." -Abraham Lincoln 4. The Contrast Open If speeches feel like boxing matches to you, this type of opening would often be used. Showcase the difference between diametrically opposed concepts, positions, ideas or words, and the end result will be that some audience members will feel persuaded to change their perspective or embrace something new. There are always two sides to every story, and both sides have to be equally presented. What are the differences between a need and a want? Obstacles and opportunities? Problems and solutions? Highlighting the differences will get audiences to understand the points you are trying to make. 5. Tell a Story Before making the key points of your speech, telling a story to start can draw your audience in. Some of the most powerful words that can immediately grab the attention of the audience would be "Once upon a time" because regardless of age people will love stories of any kind. When you start your speech with a line like "Once upon a time", the audience will know that a story is coming. People will immediately calm down, become quiet, and listen to what you have to say. Whether it is fiction or non-fiction, telling a story will resonate with audience members. 6. Imagining Something If you want people to go on a unique journey with you, encourage them to imagine certain scenarios. For example, if you are working for a non-profit organization that brings water to people who lack the resources to get water, a good opener would be something like "Imagine being thirsty all the time, but never having anything to drink." By having them imagine scenarios like that, you make the audience a part of your presentation. They can actively empathize and engage with the content of your speech because they actually put themselves into that setting. 7. Humor Though this should never be forced onto the audience, when properly implemented you will put a lot of smiles on the faces of those you speak to. Being funny during a speech can be very difficult, but it is a way to give yourself relief as a public speaker. Telling jokes in your opening is a sign to the audience that you don't take yourself too seriously, and that they can relate to you in some way. One witty opener would be "If you can hear me, please start clapping as to confuse those that cannot make out what I am saying." 8. "This Day In History" Open One main reason why audiences gather to listen to speeches is that they can learn something. If you start your speech with a historical fact, the audience will immediately pay attention. For example, if the day of your speech falls on March 5, you would open your speech with "On this day, March 5, 1963: the Hula Hoop, a hip-swiveling toy that became a huge fad across America when it was first marketed by Wham-O in 1958, is patented by the company's co-founder, Arthur "Spud" Melin. An estimated 25 million Hula Hoops were sold in its first four months of production alone." 9. Thank the Organizers and Audience If you want to stick to the basics of public speaking, simply mention the people who made it possible for you to have a presentation. Thanking the event organizers and the audience compliments them, makes them feel proud and happy about your presence, and strongly connects you to the audience. Refer to the person who introduced you to one or more of the senior people in the organization in the audience, and compliment that person as a showing of respect. Be humble and genuine in your positive comments toward the organization. 10. Positive Statement Staying positive throughout a speech can be challenging, but it will become easier if you start your speech with a positive statement. You can begin by telling the audience how much they will like and appreciate what you have to say. For example, you could say something like "You're really going to enjoy the time we spend together today. I'm going to share with you some of the most thought-provoking ideas my company has ever made." The upbeat tone of this opening is enough to make the audience invested in whatever follows. 11. The Skeptical Audience Open A doubting audience is a difficult audience to handle. From the start, they may not trust your ideas or they could be against what you are proposing. Whether they were disappointed in the past or if they are simply stuck in their ways, they will put up a brick wall in front of you. The more hostile the crowd, the faster you must address the gap. Blending your goals and the needs of the audience requires a careful combination of anticipating the major objections, avoiding defensiveness, acknowledging the obvious truths early, and understanding the divided loyalties between the intractable, the undecided, and the supportive. Identify which of those must hear your message and adjust accordingly. 12. The Puzzle Open Brain teasers and mind puzzles tend to capture the attention of audiences that like to be given mental exercises. As the audience tries to figure out what it will take to solve them, they become highly engaged with the practice. Capitalize on this behavior by proposing a riddle, asking a puzzling question that you promise to reveal in the end, and suggesting that the audience complete a mathematical equation and promising to give the answer context as you go along during the speech. Alternatively, reveal one puzzle piece after another throughout the course of your speech to help your audience find the right solution. 13. Refer to Current Events Bringing documentation of something that is currently relevant to the public will help you to illustrate your point the way you want to. Use a current event story that is on the front page of your local newspaper to transition into your subject, and hold it up as you refer to it in your introduction. This serves as a visual image to the audience that they will keep in their minds as they see you hold up this documentation. When they hear you recite or read a key point of the news story, they will carefully pay attention to you. 14. Refer to a Recent Conversation One way to keep the topic you wish to talk about relevant to the audience is to refer to a recent conversation you had with someone attending this public speaking event. Hours or minutes before you get on stage to address the audience, you could be engaging in a thought-provoking conversation with someone in a lobby, and that person might tell you that this is one of the best times to be working in a specific industry. It is likely that many audience members will share the same view as that person, so when you mention this conversation in your introduction they will have something to relate to. 15. The Activity Open An active audience is one that will be more likely to keep listening to you after you finish your introduction. Keeping an audience preoccupied with an activity works well during training sessions and workshops when you are trying to teach a specific skill. Engaging in activity right from the start allows the audience to recognize the benefits of listening to your message. The activity has to be fun but also challenging enough. If they quickly get through it they will spend the rest of the workshop sitting in their chairs doing nothing. 16. The Study Hall Open If you are someone who loves using data-heavy charts and graphs to illustrate your points, you have to be careful about how you present your data to the audience. While they want to be informed, people in the audience also don't want to be bombarded with too much information all at once. Establishing a school setting and distributing paper handouts of data to your audience to begin your session helps them to follow along. Ask them to read the charts and graphs, and following their review you are well on your way to making your key points. 17. The PowerPoint Open When PowerPoint technology is used correctly it is a highly effective tool for the audience. Otherwise, it immediately makes your presentation feel boring. Slides that are overly literal will fall flat, but conceptual and eye-catching images give strength to your words. Pick captivating and intriguing images. If you present a talk on how to make ice cream, you could begin with a slide that shows the finished product of your ice cream brand. Describe the process of making ice cream in your introduction, and as you proceed you show slides in reverse, moving from final product to the very beginning. Along the way, you guide the viewer through each step. 18. The Audio Clip Open Your voice remains front and center for your talk, but additional sounds can bring more clarity to your message. Your words will be given more meaning with the help of a short audio clip as it makes your message more memorable. If you are teaching a music school, you can include two brief audio excerpts, a before and after of student instruction. Though your words do matter, these clips can have a better impact in persuading students to join your school. Audio testimonies, song recordings, oral accounts, and speech snippets all make for good audio clips. 19. Silence A subtle pause of silence, even if it extends to only 10 seconds, gives your audience enough time to sit and quiet down. Most audiences expect a speaker to begin right away. If you want to get the attention of an audience, taking that extra pause will help your cause. People will start wondering why you are being so quiet as they gather around, and when you break your silence and start speaking you can use that pause to illustrate a key point. Sometimes the main challenge in public speaking events is to get the audience into a silent state. 20. The Challenge Open Audiences want to be challenged and motivated to contribute to something they feel passionate about. Open your speech with a challenge if you are looking to increase sales, raising money for a project, asking for volunteers, or wanting legislative change. It isn't just about buying into your message but also taking the actions to manifest it. Start your speech with something like this: "Leaders see possibilities where followers see obstacles. I am here today to call for leaders to encourage those who are unsure about the project to look past the stumbling blocks we face in the development of this local park and consider giving citizens a better environment." 21. Multiple Choice Test Presenting your own multiple-choice test can draw your audience to your topic, and this approach is tailor-made for a talk with multiple perspectives about an issue or different solutions to the same problem. An example of this open would be to say the following: "As a company, we have several routes we can take regarding growth and increased sales. We could a) buy smaller companies to diversify our portfolio of services, b) move resources to focus on only a few, or c) we could opt to franchise. After we evaluate these options together, I will offer the option that I think is the way for us to go." 22. The Mystery Open The odds are likely that your audience loves to solve mysteries. Whether they are read in books or watched on television, mysteries grab the attention of people simply because of the uncertainty that is wrapped around them. When using this open present some clues on stage, regardless of which side of the argument they lean towards. Remind the audience of these clues throughout the speech and encourage them to come up with their own conclusions before revealing how your mystery gets solved. 23. Have Audience Members Talk to Each Other All audiences will be sitting close together in a setting where they will be visible in front of you, so you might as well take advantage of this. Encourage people to talk to others that are sitting next to them, and specifically to let them know what they would like to learn from your speech. Encourage your audience to discuss with each other any particular points. Any commands or show of leadership on your part will easily influence the audience, as long as you do it with confidence. 24. Bring Up Statistics Even if you don't bring any charts or graphs to illustrate your points, simply mentioning important statistics will resonate with the audience to get your message across the right way. Statistics have the potential to trigger the emotional appeal of the audience. One example of presenting statistics in your open would be something like: "In 2019 there were 152,000 homeless people roaming the streets in California. By 2025 that number is expected to nearly double." This kind of open highlights the need to address the problem of homelessness because the statistic is powerful, personalized and surprising. 25. The Unexpected Definition Open Dictionaries are obviously accurate, but there are times when words gain more power when they are redefined. If you are a valedictorian and you want to share how much your fellow students mean to you, the open can go like this: "The dictionary defines classmate as a member of your class, but my definition for you all is much broader than that. We were friends, teammates, and mentors. As worthy opponents, we challenged each other on the field and in the classroom. And, we now can define ourselves as fellow graduates." Conclusion How you start your presentation will depend on what kind of presentation you are giving, and what tone you want to set for your audience. Regardless of which you choose to begin with, incorporating one of these strong tools into your speech ensures that your presentation is a success from the very start.
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RANDOM THOUGHTS | Thoughts on doublespeak, nonsense, fuzzy language and safety ... I can do with this day what I will.  I can waste it or use it for good, but what I do with today is important, because I am exchanging a day of my life for it. When tomorrow comes, this day will be gone forever, leaving in its place something that I have…
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HTML Design - WordPress Plugin - Theme Developers | KodeForest KodeForest is design and Plugin and WordPress development company, we are specialize in PSD to HTML and HTML to WordPress, we Develop Plugin base themes we have created crowd funding and charity portal, sports leagues clubs, book store shop and online store, eco system environmental themes, travel and tourism WordPress solution which help user to manage their website with ease, we have experience in WordPress and plugin development. PSD - HTML to WordPress Development We're a multi-featured team equipped in PSD to HTML and HTML to WordPress developing themes and Plugin for small Business to multi-nation organizations using multiple platforms. We are working day and night to give our best to our valuable customers in UI/UX design and Development. KodeForest aim to design and develop perfect combination of themes and plugin to suits customer requirement. our experience, talent, skills and core values which made this company what it is today. A solid source for a modern and elegant beautiful Design HTML and Premium WordPress theme collection. Our one of service that we offer help and guidance in using to each of our theme to our valuable customers. Support One of our core and integral important part is our customers support and their valuable feedback. Our best ideas come from your suggestions so we take feedback very seriously from our valuable customers. If you have an idea or want to make a suggestion please let us know we are always open for your suggestions and feedback. Our CEO Message: We never leave our customer alone! Dedicated Products Support We know how important it is to give our customers best experience of our products. we have a dedicated support team which is available at your one click to answer your questions and provide help when you need it. If you need help, please visit our ticket support system. We are available from Monday to Friday for your help @ Kodeforest.com/support
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Mr. Pop Culture | Exploring the World of Pop Culture Pop culture is everywhere. You know it when you come to the Internet, listen to music, watch television, app-gaming or go to a movie, concert, or stage show. You know the artists, the actors and actresses, sports personalities and the games they play. Today, anything with a buzz is deemed pop culture. The book definition says pop culture is a collection of thoughts, ideas, attitudes, perspectives, images (you name it) preferred by the mainstream population, which is a sort of common denominator. The most common pop culture categories are entertainment (movies, music, TV), sports, news (as in people/places in news), politics, fashion/clothes, and technology. Slang has also become popular in our culture as each year seems to have its own slang signature, especially with tweens and teens. Terms such as "going viral" are new pop culture – not only the term but the viral product itself. Each one of us has our own pop-culture menu. Look at your apps, your bookmarks, your songs playlist, TV shows, movies: what you 're saying on your favorite social networks. Smartphones today are the center of your pop culture. If you want to know more about pop culture, read on as we are going to give you its history and different definitions. History of Pop Culture It was in the 19th century when the term "popular culture" was coined. Traditionally, it was associated with poor education and with the lower classes, which is the opposite of the "official culture" and higher education of the upper classes. During the Victorian-era, Britain experienced social changes with the rise of the Industrial Revolution in the 18th and 19th centuries, which caused an increase in literacy rates. And with the growth of capitalism and industrialization, people started spending their money on entertainment, such as sports and the commercial idea of pubs. Reading also gained traction, and the Penny serials were published. These were cheap popular serial literature in the United Kingdom. Those were like the Victorian equivalent of video games. It was the first taste of mass-produced popular culture for the young in Britain. With the growing consumer culture and increased capacity for travel via the newly built railway that opened in 1825 in north-east England, a market for cheap popular literature was created with an ability to distribute on a large scale. With this, the first Penny serials were published in the 1830s due to the growing demand. Towards the end of the 19th century, the stress in the distinction from "official culture" became more pronounced. It is a usage that became established by the interbellum period or the period between wars. The meaning of popular culture began to be connected with those of mass culture, consumer culture, media culture, image culture, and culture for mass consumption from the end of World War II, following major cultural and social changes, which were brought by mass media innovations. The abbreviated form "pop" for popular, like in pop music, dates back from the late 1950s. Although not used in our lexicon back then, modern pop culture (as we know it) began with the baby boomer generation and "buying power." As boomers came of age with their disposable incomes – that influence led to the pop culture revolution. It began during the 1950s with rock n' roll, TV, Dick Clark and the hoola hoop, transistor radios, into the 1960s and beyond. The term "pop culture" became mainstream during the 1980s. Before this, we used "popular" to describe things such as top song playlists or "pop" as in art or "best" or "top" selling, as in books. Different Definitions of Pop Culture Based on the author of Cultural Theory and Popular Culture named John Storey, popular culture has different definitions. The quantifiable definition of culture has the problem that much "high culture", such as television dramatizations of Jane Austen, is also "popular." Aside from that, "pop culture" is also defined as the culture that is "leftover" when we have decided what high culture is. But many works overlap the boundaries, such as William Shakespeare, Leo Tolstoy, George Orwell, and Charles Dickens. The third definition of pop culture associates it with "mass culture" and ideas. This is seen as a commercial culture, which is mass-produced for mass consumption by mass media. If you take it from a Western European viewpoint, this can be compared to American culture. Pop culture can also be defined otherwise as an authentic culture of the people. However, this can be challenging because there are a lot of ways to define the "people." According to John Storey, popular culture emerged from the urbanization of the Industrial Revolution. For example, studies of Shakespeare locate much of the characteristic vitality of his drama in its participation in Renaissance popular culture. Other examples are contemporary practitioners like Dario Fo and John McGrath, who use popular culture in a sense that links to ancient folk traditions. Folk culture is at the opposite end of one spectrum from mass culture. As mentioned earlier, mass culture is mass-produced and mass-marketed on a large societal scale. Folk culture, on the other hand, is typically crafted individually, and it is produced and distributed on a local level. This can include folk art, folk music, folk crafts, and folklore. They usually originate from small, regional, or local groups of people, and are considered as representing only those small groups, and are propagating by word of mouth and not via mass media. Pop Culture Through the Decades Pop Culture is like a unifying bridge across time, which brings together generations of diverse backgrounds. Whether looking at the rock 'n' roll revolution of the 1960s or the thriving social networking websites of today, each period in America's cultural history develops its own exceptional take on the qualities that define our lives. Here's an overview of the pop culture from the 1950s to the 2010s: The 1950s Pop Culture The 1950s were a decade marked by the post-World War II boom. It was also the dawn of the Cold War and the Civil Rights movement in the United States. And during these times, the United States was the world's strongest military power. The economy was booming, which led to the availability of new cars, suburban houses, and other consumer goods. Also, in this decade, televisions became something that the average family could afford. With this, the Golden Age of Television was marked by different shows, including "The Twilight Zone," "I Love Lucy," and "The Honeymooners." Aside from television, many important films were also shown in the 1950s that not many people talked about. The major rise of cinemas in the 50s was because of narrative storytelling and amazing directors. Some of the best films of the 1950s were "Cinderella," "Sunset Boulevard," and "All About Eve," to name a few. It was also the decade when rock and roll music was created along with other popular genres like swing, pop, blues, and jazz. The 1950s decade was also referred to as the century of literature because many writers and novelists emerged and gave the world amazing creations. Some of the popular books published in the 50s include "The Catcher in the Rye," "Invisible Man," and "The Fellowship of the Ring," to name a few. To know more about the 1950s pop culture, you can read our detailed post: Highlights of the Major Pop Culture Trends of the 1950s. The 1960s Pop Culture The 1960s is more of a cultural decade because a lot of changes and happenings in these times were more significant in terms of culture and aesthetics. This decade is also filled with a youth-driven cultural revolution that is focused on the relaxation of the various types of social taboos. Those are some of the reasons why it's called the "Swinging Sixties." The 1960s was the decade when the Hollywood and film industry changed and evolved. Top films were released, such as "The Sound of Music" and "Easy Rider," which were quite helpful in reshaping Hollywood and experience for the audience. It was also the decade when the first films having sensitive contents were publicly released. Music was also in revolution during this decade. From pop and folk music, everything changed to a wide range of music that was more in the Rock 'N' Roll genre. One of the most important phenomena of the 1960s was The Beatles Revolution, as they were most influential for the decade. Aside from that, introspective music, like those of Paul Simon and Bob Dylan, became new music. Elvis Presley was also one of the most famous singers of the 1960s. Aside from these, there are many other popular events and things that happened and were introduced in the 1960s, which includes Science and Technology, Sports, Fashion, Television, Dance, and News. To know more about the 1960s pop culture, you can read our detailed post: Highlights of the Major Pop Culture Trends of the 1960s. The 1970s Pop Culture The 1970s was a decade marked by the activism of all sorts. The society during these times has become more awakened, free to the individual sense, and more politically driven. It was in this decade when Hollywood became the brand it is today. It saw the rise of different male and female performers who dominated the world of acting. Some of the best movies released in the 70s include"A Clockwork Orange," "The Godfather," and "Rocky," to name a few. The 1970s was also an iconic age for the American music industry. Progressive rock became popular and saw different bands and solo artists create mayhem through this genre. Listeners also had a range to choose from, and there were different genres available for all types of music listeners. Some of the most popular bands and artists in this decade include Led Zeppelin, Elton John, Stevie Wonder, Aerosmith, Pink Floyd, and more. The American television industry also gained success on sitcoms and family shows in the 70s. Some of these shows were "All in the Family,""Happy Days," and "Bridget Loves Bernie," to name a few. If you are looking for information about the pop culture in the 1970s about fashion, art, science and technology, cars, sports, and more, you can read our detailed post: Highlights of the Major Pop Culture Trends of the 1970s. The 1980s Pop Culture The 1980s is a decade that is difficult to forget. In fact, television shows during this decade were being rebooted in the present time, and remakes of some 80s movies are out or in the works. Aside from these, fashions, styles, and other aspects of the 80s are also attractive to a lot of people. It was a simple decade that everyone enjoyed. That's why looking back on the 80s is always fun. The 80s was the decade when MTV or music television was launched, which was one of the most iconic moments in music history. Madonna has been very popular in this decade, and as well as Michael Jackson, whose career was at its peak in the 80s. When it comes to fashion, the big hair of the 80s was a symbol. Aside from that, other fashionable items during this decade include jelly shoes, shoulder pads, leather and denim jackets, and parachute pants. The workout videos of Jane Fonda also contributed to the popularity of aerobics outfits. The 1980s also saw the popularity of the arcade game Pac-Man. Aside from that, the Rubik's Cube also debuted in this decade, which became a worldwide craze. The Sony Walkman also first appeared during the 80s. To know more about the popular things and events that occurred in the 1980s, read our detailed post: Highlights of the Major Pop Culture Trends of the 1980s. The 1990s Pop Culture There were many important events that happened in the last decade of the 20th century. In fact, it is still considered an essential part of the current standards and modern era we live in. It was considered to be the decade of relative peace and prosperity largely because of the fall of the Soviet Union, which was having a long drawn Cold War for decades. Aside from that, the use of the internet also contributed to the significance of the 1990s. During the 1990s, the Hollywood industry became more fascinating. It focused on the different types of multicultural as well as action and thriller films. It was a time when fun-filled adventure films became popular. Some of the best movies that were released in the 1990s include "The Titanic" and "The Armageddon," to name a few. In the 1990s, music was more in the grunge, "gangsta" rap, teen pop, R&B, and electronic dance genres. These were brought by different types of musicians in the decade, such as Mariah Carey, Celine Dion, Fatboy Slim, Whitney Houston, Dr. Dre, D'Angelo, and more. But the most famous group of the 1990s were the Spice Girls. If you want to know more about the 1990s pop culture, read our detailed post: Highlights of the Major Pop Culture Trends of the 1990s. The 2000s Pop Culture The 2000s decade was filled with iconic pop stars, fashion statements, trends, technology, and unforgettable films and music. It was the era when pop culture was on peak. During this decade, there was lots of news and gossips about Hollywood, and American Idol was also very popular. When it comes to music, the 2000s saw a rise in rap songs, making it the best decade of music and beats. During this decade, Eminem won an Oscar, and Lady Gaga entered the industry. It was also in 2000 when Britney Spears released her second album titled "Oops!... I Did It Again." The rise in filmmaking was also seen by the 2000s. It was the era when the film industry flourished and produced great movies, such as "28 Days," "Monster Inc.." and "102 Dalmatians." It was also in the 2000s when bookcrossing was introduced. It was the practice of leaving the books you don't need in one place to be picked up by others. A very popular novel titled "Life of Pi" was also published in this decade, which was later made in a Hollywood film. To know more about the 2000s pop culture, read our detailed post: Pop Culture in Review for the Years 2000 to 2009. The 2010s Pop Culture The 2010s was the decade where technology surpassed the human imagination. It created new ways for artists to share their music with listeners and fans. Aside from that, the Television and Film industries have spent the most amount of money on their projects. In the world of music in the 2010s, some of the most popular artists at the start of the decade include Taylor Swift, Justin Bieber, Kesha, and Lady Antebellum. But 2012 was the major year for music in this decadewhen Katy Perry emerged, followed by Adele. Other artists that became famous in the 2010s include Justine Timberlake, Beyonce, Kanye West, Camilla Cabello, Kendrick Lamar, and more. The popularity of the film industry in the 2010s started with the "Twilight Saga: Eclipse," which continued till "Alice in Wonderland." For those who love animation, "Frozen" and "Despicable Me 2" were released in this decade, too. And for action movies, "Fast & Furious 6" and "Man of Steel" and "Thor: The Dark World" were released. If you want to look back on everything that became a trend in the 2010s, read our detailed post: Highlights of the Major Pop Culture Trends of the 2010s. Pop Culture and Technology Pop culture played a crucial role in the advancement of technology in each decade. In fact, technology is becoming more and more important and prevalent in all aspects of our culture. Pop culture has inspired and continues to inspire technological innovation. It draws connections between interpretations of technologies from the past and their modern counterparts. With this, let us look into the technologies that became prevalent from the 1950s to the 2010s. Technology in the 1950s When it comes to technology, the 1950s was a crucial period, especially in the world of radio and television. It has brought about the advancement in the viewing and listening experience of people at home. This decade was a breakthrough year for television. It was this time when the first commercially available color TV was introduced. Aside from that, the first commercially available computer in the world was also presented in the 1950s. In the music industry, the 45rpm vinyl records became as common as 78rpm records. In fact, it became popular due to its compact size and durability. The 33rpm vinyl record also became popular, and it replaced the 78rpm as the most common vinyl record size in the world. Aside from these, many other innovations were introduced in the 1950s, such as the first accurate atomic clock, the videotape, stereo vinyl records, and more. To know more about the technology in the 1950s, you can read our 1950s Technology News In Review. Technology in the 1960s The 1960s was also a great decade for television, as there were also many enhancements done to make the experience of watching TV shows at home better. Even though this decade was dominated by television, there were also improvements done to the radio industry. During the 1960s, the television served as the gateway for Americans to know the presidential election candidates, which were Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy. Their debates were broadcasted, which helped the people decide who they'll vote to be the next US president. It was also in the 60s when the push-button telephone was invented and introduced by the Bell System. This replaced rotary phonesand was faster and easier to use. The first compact cassette was also released in this decade. Radios with transistors also became more popular in this decade. Their durability helped the radio industry have a surge in listeners in the same era where the British Invasion was at the peak of its popularity. FM radio was also becoming the number one choice of listeners who were looking into listening to classical music. To know more about the technologies introduced in the 1960s, read our 1960s Technology News In Review. Technology in the 1970s The 1970s was a prime period for television because a lot of manufacturers tried to push the boundaries of color TV to produce better reception and clearer resolution. But aside from television, computers also had a significant advancement in this decade. It is because of the introduction to the Xerox PARC, which was the first computer that was designed to support an operating system or OS based on a graphical user interface. This computer would later become the inspiration behind some of the most iconic computers in the history of technology. It was also in this same decade when Microsoft was formed by Bill Gates and researcher Paul Allen. Another important creation in the 1970s was the Universal Product Code or UPC. It allowed systematic pricing and tracking for products in grocery stores and other establishments. The first product to be UPC scanned was a pack of Wrigley's chewing gum in Ohio. If you're craving to know more about the technologies invented and introduced in the 1970s, then you should read our 1970s Technology News In Review. Technology in the 1980s The 1980s, when it comes to technology, has been a great decade for the computer and the music industry. Both of these fields have benefitted from the technological advancements brought by engineers and scientists who wanted to make life more convenient. It was in the 80s when Bill Gates agreed to provide the operating system for IBM's personal computer. That operating system was the PC DOS 1.0, which was modified to be compatible with the IBM Personal Computer. Aside from that, this decade was also important for the creation of the internet. Tim Berners-Lee, a previous independent contractor at CERN, started experimenting on improving the communication between researchers from different places. His experimentation led to ENQUIRE, which was a software project that serves as the predecessor for the World Wide Web. Aside from these, many other developments for the computer were introduced in the 1980s. Some of these include the creation of Apple computers, Macintosh personal computer, and the introduction of the Power Windows by Microsoft. To know more about these, you can read our 1980s Technology News In Review. Technology in the 1990s The 1990s has been a turning point in the computer industry. This decade brought major technological advancements to the personal computer. Aside from that, it also showed how Microsoft became a powerhouse in the world of software. At the start of the decade, Adobe Inc. released the Adobe Photoshop 1.0 software. It was a graphics editor programmed by Thomas Knoll. The third iteration of the Windows OS, Windows 3.0, was also released by Microsoft in the 1990s, together with a new presentation program called Microsoft PowerPoint, bundled with Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Word. The World Wide Web was also formed after Tim Berners-Lee utilized and tweaked the ENQUIRE system. This was considered to be the first web browser. The first Pentium chip was also released in this decade by the Inter Corporation. It would eventually include some of their best-selling microprocessors. In 1994, Amazon was launched by Jeff Bezos, and would eventually become one of the biggest companies in the world. In the same year, Sony released its first home video game console, the PlayStation, first in Japan, and in the US after a year. There are many other wonderful technological creations that were introduced in the 1990s. If you are curious about them, read our 1990s Technology News In Review. Technology in the 2000s When it comes to technology, the 2000s was a groundbreaking decade. It was the time where certain inventions have revolutionized the different sectors of technology, such as web browsing, gaming, and as well as mobile communications. Before the year 2000 came, people were afraid of the Y2K Problem. This was a proposed event wherein computers may not be able to handle the change from 1999 to 2000 because of an error in the algorithm. With this, people believed there would be a collapse in the economy as most companies and agencies rely on computers. Fortunately, a lot of organizations were able to upgrade their computer systems, which eliminated the threat. This decade was great for gaming because Sony released the PlayStation 2 and the PlayStation 3, while Microsoft launched the Xbox and the Xbox 360. People also had a new way to listen to music when Apple Inc. successfully launched iTunes, which was a media player and library. After that, Apple also released the first-generation iPod. During these times, Google was becoming a big company, but Yahoo was still at the top as the number one search engine in the world. There are also media services providers who were experiencing a rise in profits, and one of those is Netflix. It was also in the 2000s when YouTube was established. There are many other innovations that were introduced in the 2000s. If you want to know more about them, read our 2000s Technology News In Review. Technology in the 2010s The 2010s decade was not as impactful as the previous decades when it comes to technology, but there were still a few breakthroughs that have been introduced. At the start of the decade, Apple was already selling over 250 million Apple iPods. Google, on the other hand, started expanding its business when they announced that they'd be selling their own mobile phones. Social media has been prevalent in the 2010s, and Facebook has surpassed Google when it comes to website visits per year. But Facebook eventually found its competitors when Instagram and Pinterest were launched in the same year. In the world of mobile phones, the 4G broadband cellular network became popular. Cloud services were also becoming popular in 2011. With this, Apple released its own Cloud service called iCloud. But it was also in the same year when Apple's co-founder, Steve Jobs, passed away. In the gaming industry, Sony released the PlayStation 4 in 2013and eventually became the second best-selling video game console of all time next to PlayStation 2. There are many other developments in technology that have been done in the 2010s, aside from what we've mentioned here. To know more about them, read our 2010s Technology News In Review. Conclusion Pop culture is something that constantly evolves and occurs uniquely in place and time. It forms currents and swirls and represents a complex of equally inter-reliant perspectives and values that influence society and its institutions in different ways. Pop culture has affected and is continuously affecting all of us. We may not think about it that much, but it is everywhere around us. From the way we dress, the gadgets and technologies we use every day, the books we read, the movies we watch, the music we listen to, and more.Pop culture is fun, fascinating, and is at the center of our lives. Test yourself. The last time you spoke to your good friend, wasn't pop culture part of that conversation?
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produkcja w polsce biodiesel w polsce BioDiesel x biodiesel 100 x 100 energia x biodiesel custo biodiesel x diesel biodiesel x petroleo biodiesel x alimentos biodiesel x meio ambiente preço biodiesel x diesel biodiesel etanol x etanol chemdawg x biodiesel gen x biodiesel biodiesel x biomassa biodiesel x etanol biodiesel x oleo diesel biodiesel x gasolina biodiesel x diesel biodiesel x thh BioDiesel y biodiesel y su importancia biodiesel y la soja biodiesel y el ambiente biodiesel y biomasa biodiesel y glicerol biodiesel y biocombustible biodiesel y petroleo biodiesel y seguridad alimentaria biodiesel y sus usos biodiesel y gasolina biodiesel y sus caracteristicas biodiesel y glicerina biodiesel y medio ambiente biodiesel y el medio ambiente biodiesel y biogas biodiesel y bioetanol diferencias biodiesel y etanol biodiesel y diesel biodiesel y bioetanol biodiesel y su produccion BioDiesel z biodiesel z oleju posmazalniczego biodiesel z glonów biodiesel z tluszczu zwierzecego biodiesel z oleju przepracowanego biodiesel z biomasy biodiesel z etanolu biodiesel z kukurydzy biodiesel z frytury biodiesel z tluszczu biodiesel z orlenu biodiesel z oleju z biodiesel plant z biodiesel biodiesel z drewna biodiesel z czego biodiesel z oleju po frytkach biodiesel z rzepaku biodiesel z oleju rzepakowego biodiesel z alg biodiesel z energy a BioDiesel biodiesel a partir de plastico biodiesel a base de aceite de cocina biodiesel a vendre biodiesel a partir de aceite de cocina usado biodiesel a partir de aceite vegetal usado biodiesel a partir de aceite de motor usado biodiesel a partir de óleo de fritura biodiesel a partir de algas pdf biodiesel a partir de aceite usado pdf biodiesel a partir de soja biodiesel a partir de aceite de palma biodiesel a partir de aceite vegetal biodiesel a partir de grasa animal biodiesel a base de algas biodiesel a partir de aceite biodiesel a partir de aceite de cocina biodiesel a partir de algas biodiesel a partir de microalgas biodiesel a partir de aceite usado biodiesel a level chemistry b BioDiesel biodiesel b.v cig biodiesel b.v opel zafira b biodiesel biodiesel b-2 dutch biodiesel b.v dutch biodiesel b.v. rotterdam sun oil biodiesel b.v b100 pure biodiesel from tsb b99 biodiesel oil b biodiesel b-60 biodiesel processor b 500 biodiesel processor b green biodiesel llc b factor biodiesel biodiesel b100 msds b30 biodiesel b5 biodiesel b20 biodiesel b100 biodiesel b biodiesel c BioDiesel quanto biodiesel c''è nel gasolio c220 cdi biodiesel s.c. biodiesel tim s.r.l biodiesel c est quoi d BioDiesel bio d biodiesel max-d biodiesel mini cooper d biodiesel corsa d biodiesel skyactiv-d biodiesel e BioDiesel biodiesel e feito do que biodiesel e petroleo biodiesel e etanol no brasil biodiesel e sustentabilidade biodiesel e agricultura familiar biodiesel e bioetanol biodiesel e suas vantagens biodiesel e glicerina biodiesel e bioetanolo biodiesel e meio ambiente biodiesel e o meio ambiente biodiesel e inclusão social biodiesel e biomassa biodiesel e biocombustivel biodiesel e diesel diferença biodiesel e diesel biodiesel e biogas biodiesel e etanol e-biodiesel mpob e biodiesel f BioDiesel f.o. licht biodiesel g BioDiesel opel astra g biodiesel mercedes g biodiesel g-tek biodiesel biodiesel g/mol h BioDiesel h-bio biodiesel h-bio x biodiesel h y m biodiesel asb biodiesel h k ltd opel astra h biodiesel astra h biodiesel biodiesel h & m costa rica biodiesel h m delta h biodiesel biodiesel h nmr h-biodiesel i BioDiesel biodiesel i bensin brann i biodiesel biodiesel i fremtiden biodiesel i kristinehamn biodiesel i dieselbil biodiesel i biler biodiesel i båt biodiesel i tyskland biodiesel i bergen biodiesel i bioetanol biodiesel i avgiftsfri diesel biodiesel i kristinehamn ab biodiesel i vanlig diesel biodiesel i vanlig dieselbil biodiesel i sverige biodiesel i danmark biodiesel i norge i make biodiesel biodiesel i common rail biodiesel i diesel j BioDiesel opel astra j biodiesel pilot flying j biodiesel s & j biodiesel flying j biodiesel k BioDiesel k es biodiesel l BioDiesel 1000 l biodiesel l''utilisation du biodiesel km/l biodiesel mj l biodiesel l biodiesel m BioDiesel h y m biodiesel h&m biodiesel elite-biodiesel m column texas a&m biodiesel prima biodiesel (m) sdn bhd m energy biodiesel korea biodiesel m&a n BioDiesel n-hexane biodiesel o BioDiesel o biodiesel é feito de que o biodiesel é extraido de onde o biodiesel é menos poluente o biodiesel e renovavel o biodiesel constituido basicamente o biodiesel gera impactos ambientais o biodiesel e a inclusão social o biodiesel no brasil o biodiesel p BioDiesel p&id planta biodiesel daka biodiesel p/s p&id for biodiesel process description p&id biodiesel plant p a biodiesel biodiesel p&id q BioDiesel q significa biodiesel q es el biodiesel biodiesel q es r BioDiesel r power biodiesel r biodiesel s BioDiesel ekoil biodiesel s.r.o biodiesel s.r.o biodiesel s.r.l central biodiesel s a grima-biodiesel s de r.l. mi import biodiesel s.a. de c.v asthor biodiesel s.a wratislavia-biodiesel s.a gea biodiesel s.a what is biodiesel ipo biodiesel s.r.l ecomotion biodiesel s.a s & j biodiesel ac&s biodiesel u.s. biodiesel production 2014 u.s. biodiesel u.s. biodiesel production 2013 btk&s biodiesel u.s. biodiesel production biodiesel s a greece t BioDiesel t-butanol biodiesel biodiesel t shirt u BioDiesel biodiesel u hrvatskoj biodiesel u varaždinu biodiesel u zagrebu u.s. biodiesel production 2014 u.s. biodiesel u.s. biodiesel production 2013 u.s. biodiesel production biodiesel u srbiji v BioDiesel biodiesel v nemecku v-power biodieselanteil v biodiesel iraquara telefone v biodiesel iraquara bahia v-biodiesel ba v biodiesel porto nacional v power diesel biodiesel oleoplan v biodiesel biodiesel v power biodiesel v sloveniji v fuels biodiesel ethanol or biodiesel flying v biodiesel v fuels biodiesel ltd biodiesel vs diesel v-biodiesel ltda v biodiesel iraquara v-biodiesel w BioDiesel biodiesel w domu biodiesel w stodole biodiesel w biodiesel w niemczech biodiesel w polsce x BioDiesel biodiesel x petroleo biodiesel x alimentos energia x biodiesel diesel s10 x biodiesel custo biodiesel x diesel algas protistas x biodiesel biodiesel x meio ambiente preço biodiesel x diesel h-bio x biodiesel comparação diesel x biodiesel biodiesel x biomassa biodiesel x etanol biodiesel x oleo diesel biodiesel x gasolina biodiesel x diesel urban x biodiesel x trail biodiesel chemdawg x biodiesel gen x biodiesel biodiesel x thh y BioDiesel biodiesel y su importancia biodiesel y la soja biodiesel y el ambiente biodiesel y biomasa biodiesel y glicerol biodiesel y biocombustible biodiesel y petroleo biodiesel y seguridad alimentaria biodiesel y sus usos biodiesel y gasolina biodiesel y sus caracteristicas biodiesel y glicerina biodiesel y medio ambiente biodiesel y el medio ambiente biodiesel y biogas biodiesel y bioetanol diferencias biodiesel y etanol biodiesel y diesel biodiesel y bioetanol biodiesel y su produccion z BioDiesel biodiesel z tluszczu zwierzecego biodiesel z oleju przepracowanego biodiesel z biomasy biodiesel z etanolu biodiesel z kukurydzy biodiesel z frytury biodiesel z tluszczu biodiesel z orlenu biodiesel z oleju biodiesel z drewna biodiesel z czego biodiesel z oleju po frytkach biodiesel z rzepaku biodiesel z oleju rzepakowego biodiesel z alg z energy biodiesel plant wiri z energy biodiesel plant biodiesel z energy z biodiesel z biodiesel plant
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Home | TaxTalk Today TaxTalk Today is your one-stop source for all things tax related. This daily South African tax aggregator collects important tax legislative updates, government tax pronouncements and other tax news and presents it in one convenient, easy-to-use electronic location.
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Zulip Zulip combines the immediacy of real-time chat with an email threading model. With Zulip, you can catch up on important conversations while ignoring irrelevant ones.
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Good Leadership Skills - Character - Integrity - Courage Good leadership skills require good character, integrity, and courage. Some can be improved upon yet others come from within!
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A2Z Materials A2Z Materials.com The new player in e-commerce is a company with vision to create Indians most reliable and frictionless commerce ecosystem that creates life-changing experiences for buyers and sellers. The founder of A2Z Material worked hard and founded the company. The vision of our founder is to fill the gap which is created by various e-commerce companies. Today most of e-commerce website focuses on household items and various daily use items which created a void for many other products which are not of daily use like construction materials & tools related to construction of buildings. Our policies are made keeping in mind the important factor of a business that is customer satisfaction. Our policies are designed in such a way that helps customer to prevent & avoid any kind of harassment from the seller’s end. Our system of grievances redressed mechanisms purposely is designed to facilitate customer. Our one of objective is to cut the cost of any product to end user by removing to middle man. Hence maximum profit is given to customer. We work seamlessly day& night to give better service to customer at every step. We wish to make a better market place for both customer & seller and include those products to online platform which are neglected/excluded till now by other e-commerce companies. Shopping online particularly at A2Z Material is a child’s play all you need is a mobile phone or laptop or tablet with Internet connection to get started. Simply login to A2Z Materials.com and browse through the wide assortment of products across categories. Once you have zeroed in on your favorite products, simply place the order by filling in the details the products will be delivered right at your door step. Fulfill Your Entrepreneurial Dreams! Sell Today at A2Z Material Thanks to easy-to-understand, flexible policies and SD Advisors to help sellers at each step, anyone from a manufacturer to wholesaler to retailer can sell on A2ZMaterial. Begin your entrepreneurial journey with A2Z Material as a seller by filling a simple registration form here. Once the registration process is done, you can start selling your products to the entire country by sitting at your home or office. We wish a happy shopping experience to you all.
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Country Wide Insurance Brokers | WA Insurance Brokers Country Wide Insurance Brokers help you manage risk and protect what’s most important. Get a quote or make a payment online today.
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My Immigration Story | The story of U.S. immigrants in their own words. Statistics do not tell the story of immigration. People do. Since its inception, this nation has been continually infused with the energy of newcomers. Yet their assimilation has seldom been smooth. The challenges we face today are not new. Only the stories are.  SHARE YOUR STORY IMPORTANT NOTICE If  you need legal advice on immigration…
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Hard Shell Snowmobile Tunnel Bags - Powder Keg Our products are built to last, built for the snow, and give you access to important items when you need it. Order online today!
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biblicalexegete | A site for the study of the Biblical languages, exegesis, interpretation & application. A site for the study of the Biblical languages, exegesis, interpretation & application.
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Olive and Squash At O+S we believe that how our food is sourced is just as important as what we do when it arrives to our kitchen. Order online today.
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JEWISH BRATISLAVA, SLOVAKIA: Jewish museum, synagogue, Chatam Sofer memorial, Jewish community Welcome to our website, where you can learn about Jewish heritage or plan your trip to Bratislava. Bratislava (Pressburg) was in the past one of the most important centers of Jewish life in Europe. Today the capital of Slovakia, Bratislava has an active Jewish community, precious Jewish heritage sites and two Jewish museums.
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Mes carnets de voyages à l''étranger et hors de France continentale... (tout ce que vous avez toujours voulu savoir) 45 destinations décrites. Les destinations les plus récentes: Joyaux de TOSCANE et les CINQUE TERRE, Grand Ouest américain, Afrique australe: Afrique du Sud, Swaziland, Chutes Victoria (Zimbabwe), Parc Chobe Botswana) les îles des Cyclades, Malte, Inde du nord, vallées du Gange et de la Yamuna (de Delhi à Bénarès), Japon, Italie du nord (Sud Tyrol, Lacs, Lombardie), Yunnan, Ouzbékistan... MORAUTHELI http://recitdevoyage.free.fr/tous%20les%20carnets%20de%20voyages%20et%20recits%20de%20voyages/ target=_blank Tous les récits de voyages http://www.voyageurdumonde.com/ http://www.bonplanvoyage.com/ http://www.triparoundtheworld.com/ http:/www.quandpartir.com/ http:/www.routard.com http:/www.capaustral.com Récits et témoignages illustrés (nombreuses photographies, musiques MP3 ou Wav, diaporamas et videos) de voyages à travers le monde et hors de France continentale: voyage en pays étrangers, voyages dans des pays étrangers, voyager à l''étranger, territoires et départements d''outre-mer tout ce que vous avez toujours voulu savoir sans jamais oser le demander crdp, encyclopédie, mon carnet de voyage, mes itinéraires et circuits, mon carnet de voyages, mes conseils pratiques de voyage, mon récit de voyage, mes témoignages de voyages, mes récits de voyages, mes carnets de voyages, mes photos de voyages, mes diaporamas de voyages, mes vidéos de voyages, mes impressions de voyages, mon journal de bord et mes carnets de route, mon carnet de bord et mon journal, mon livre de bord, ainsi commence peu à peu un véritable tour du monde, une marche mondiale en quête de toujours plus agréables vacances, errances à travers le monde, travels arround the world, worldwide holidays, trips and journeys arround the world, es voyagistes et tours operators: voyages internationaux, Fram, Jet Tour, Vacances Transat, Look, Marmara, Asia, Visiteurs en Asie, Asia, Salaun Holidays (travels), National Tours, Jollivet, achats de cadeaux et souvenirs en rapporter aux amis, précautions sanitaires, connaître la monnaie et les possibilité de change dans le pays (retraits avec carte bancaire), les pourboires à laisser aux guides, dans les hôtels...), les décalages horaires, tout connaître de l''histoire et de la géographie des pays: relief, climat, population, économie, religions, culture et traditions (musique, danse, théâtre, arts graphiques et plastiques), sans oublier un chapitre encyclopédique sur la gastronomie et la nourriture, moines, monastère, abbaye, CRDP, wikipédia, encyclopédie Encarta, encyclopédie Universalis, guides touristiques: Hachette, collection guides VOIR, le guide du Routard, le Petit Futé, Lonely Planet, Editions MICHELIN Coll. Guide de tourisme (guide vert), Encyclopædia Universalis, guide vert Michelin, guide bleu Michelin, guides Marcus, guides Neos, Bibliothèque du Voyageur des Editions Gallimard, Collection Bibliothèque du voyageur, éditions Assimil, Guides Bleus Evasion, éditions Bonechi , Bibiothèque du voyageur aux Editions Hachette , Editions Irving Weisdorf & Co Ltd, Editions Michelin Tourisme Guides Nelles, Editions Mondéos Guides Mondéos, Editions GALLIMARD Collection Découvertes , Editions HACHETTE Tourisme, guides Mondeos l''essentiel du voyage, Editions Mondeos, Editions du voyage, collection Guide Evasion en France, vols transcontinentaux et vols intérieurs, un regard anthropologique sans être anthropologue, une démarche ethnographique sans être ethnologue sur l''étrangeté que représente l''étranger,Editions HACHETTE Coll. Guide Evasion en France, Editions Fernand Nathan, Editions la documentation française, EDL Editions, Editions Arts et Vie, Edition Mistretta, Editions GEO/Prisma Presse,Editions del Hippocampo, Lonely Planet, Collection Passions d''ailleurs aux Editions LAROUSSE magazine LOOK Live la Biennale et la Mostra Editions h.f. ullmann-Tandem Verlag GmbH magasine GEO Collection Cartoville aux Editions Gallimard Pyrénées Collection GEOGUIDE aux Editions Gallimard Loisirs Collection Le Guide Rando aux Editions Rando Ibos Pyrénées-orientales émission Echappées Belles France 5 Gaudí OpenStreetMap des milliers d''amis avec les compte Facebook ou Twitter 1997 LONDRES London 1998 LISBONNE Lisboa 1999 IRLANDE 2000 QUÉBEC 2001 TURQUIE orientale 2002 ÉGYPTE 2003 THAÏLANDE 2004 MEXIQUE 2005 GRÈCE 2006 VIETNAM 2007 INDE DU SUD 2007 ANDALOUSIE 2007 MAROC 2008 SRI LANKA 2008 CHINE 2009 CUBA 2009 CORSE (CORSICA) 2009 RAJASTHAN (et Âgrâ et Delhi) 2010 SICILE 2010 JORDANIE/PALESTINE (ISRAEL) 2011 PEROU (PÉROU) 2011 sud-ouest de la TURQUIE, autour de la Lycie 2011 Venise 2012 BIRMANIE (Myanmar) 2012 Istanbul 2012 CATALOGNE Barcelone 2012 CATALUNYA Barcelona 2012 Madagasikara 2012 MADAGASCAR 2013 MADÈRE Madère Madeira 2013 INDONESIE: Java, Bali, Celebes (SUlawesi) 2013 SINGAPOUR Singapore 2014 LAOS 2014 CAMBODGE 2014 Italie du Sud (Mezzogiorno) 2014 OUZBEKISTAN 2015 YUNNAN 2015 Italie du nord: Lombardie, Grands Lacs, Milan EXPO, Dolomites, Innsbruck (Autriche) 2015 JAPON 2016 INDE DU NORD VALLE DU GANGE 2016 MALTE 2016 CYCLADES (Grèce) 2017 AFRIQUE AUSTRALE (Afrique du sud, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Botswana) 2017 Grand Ouest américain 2017 TOSCANE et CINQUE TERRE NOS GUIDES: Su Su en Birmanie Yangon Rangoon Rangoun A Londres, notre guide GARRETT (ou GARETH ?); en Irlande, notre guide Marie; au Québec, notre guide Claude; au Mexique, notre guide Jésus; en Andalousie, notre guide Eric; en Grèce, notre guide ΗΣΠΙΔΑ (Espida autrement dit Espérance); en Turquie orientale, notre guide Kémal; au Maroc (Maghreb), notre guide Jamel (ou Djamel) et le chauffeur Brahim (ou Ibrahim); en Inde du sud, notre guide Sanjay Mandiekar; au Sri Lanka (Ceylan), notre guide Sina; en Thaïlande, notre guide Yaé; au Viêt Nam, nos guides Phuong et Cuong; en Chine, nos guides Marc, monsieur Cheng, Mademoiselle Li Yuan, moines, monastère, abbaye, Jean, Philippe et Sophie; à Cuba, notre guide Doris et nos chauffeurs Alberto et Indio; en Corse, notre chauffeur-guide Jean-Marie (pour Ollandini); au Rajasthan, notre guide Dilip, en Sicile avec Notre guide Rosaria (et non Rosalia) et notre chauffeur Luigi pour notre réceptif Accord Viaggi/Sicil Fly, en Jordanie notre guide IYAD pour le réceptif al-Thuraya et en Palestine notre guide chétienne palestinienne HENRIETTE pour O.S. Tours & Travel; au Pérou, notre guide-accompagnateur Carlos Francisco Roca Florido pour le réceptif Solmartours, à la formation de base dans l''agro-tourisme et l''agro-développement, nos guides locales Lydia, Anna, Anna Lucia, Aurora; en Lycie notre guide Nurcan; à Madère notre guide Leonor; à JAVA notre guide Yudi; à BALI notre guide I Gede Suardana; à CELEBES, nos guides Herman et Martin avec le réceptif Panorama Destination; à Singapour: guide Goh Chai Jin dit Charles; au Laos nos guides Vilaphonh VIC et Bounpheng BOUN; au Cambodge SAM Aun; en Italie du sud Rosaria, Lora (Dilora) en Ouzbékistan, Delphine au Yunnan, Mahipal, Hanuman et Sohan en Inde du nord vallée du Gange, Naomichi au Japon, David, Fabricia, Maria, Jacqueline à Malte, Nicolas David et Philippe aux Cyclades, Michèle et Siaka Fungai rangers Erika Bernard Richard Lio en Afrique Australe, Jean Arsenault dans l''Ouest Américain - dans le sud-ouest de la Turquie en voyage promotionnel MDM (Mozaïque du Monde): notre guide Nurcan et notre chauffeur Memhet pour le réceptif ITM International Marketing Service... Palais des Doges (Palazzo Ducale) Basilique Saint Marc, place St Marc, Piazza San Marco, Campanile, Grand Canal, Pont du Rialto, îles de la lagune: Murano, Burano, Torcello, Lido... Biennale et Mostra, festival du cinéma film Luc Besson ''''The Lady'''' Michelle Yeoh David Thewlis - Michael Aris Happy World dictature voyages - Birmans Bamars BURMA censure Pascale pagodes monastères stûpas Meiktila Kalaw Shwe Lin Lun Aung Chan Thar marchés fruits légumes Pindaya Shwe Umin Bouddha ombrelle soie mûrier kyaung Shwe Yaungshwe Nyaung Shwe Lac INLE pirogues à moteur Yadana Man Aung lacustres villages pilotis piliers poteaux teck ethnies tribus Hinthas Inthas artisants Naung Thaw In Phaw Khone Nampan cigares cheroots Kaung Daing Phaung Daw Oo jardins flottants Heyaywama Nga Hpe chats sauteurs Shwe Inn Dein Nyaung Oak chinlon pêc heurs zébus buffle boeuf carriole charrette Thazin Garden Bagan Pagan Bago Pegu Pegou Dhammayazika Novices processions défilé chars ombrelles moines bonzes nonnes bonzesses Myinkapar Shwezigon hti esprits nats Gubyaukgyi Kubyaukgyi Pwasaw Ananda Shwesandaw Thatbyinnyu Sulamani Dhammayangyi Htilominlo Mingalazedi Amarapura longyis longjis dhotis pagnes sarongs Pont U-Bein Lac Taungthaman Maha Gandayon bol aumône marionnettes Mahamyat Muni Mahamuni Rakhines Arakan feuilles or Shwenandaw colline Mandalay Sagaing coucher soleil Kuthodaw Mingun Mantaragyi roi royaume empire Bodawpaya cloche Hsinbyume Myatheindan Ava Innwa Bagaya Maha Aung Mye Bonzan Irrawaddy Ayeyarwady râj colonie britannique Sule centre chiques bétel oiseau Karaweik Kandawgyi Kyaukkhtat Gyi Chaukhtatgyi Aung San Suu Kyi Bogyoke junte militaire - 2012 - ISTANBUL Sérail Sultanahmet Mosquée Bleue Sainte Sophie mosquées cami camii Somiman Ier le Magnifique Süleymaniye Hammam de Roxelane Pont de Galata Tour de Galata quartier de Péra lycée de Galatasaray rue Istiklal Tünel Taksim gare de Sirkeci quais d''Eminönü Beyoglu Yenikoy Besiktas quartier Üsküdar Grand Bazar les caravansérails (han ou hani) Kapi Karsi kasri minbar medersa écoles coraniques cimetières ottomans stèles sultans et sultanat califes et califat Islam Musulmans fontaine des ablutions Köskü Kavagi Hisari yalis en bois (konak) sarayi Lisesi Bosphore Bosphorus Corne d''Or Mar Noire Mer de Marmara croisière Îles aux Princes sultanes circoncision Misir Carsisi turban épices Grand Vizir eunuques noirs harem les femmes lokanta mosaïques Christ Vierge Pantocrator faïences d''Iznik mirhab hijab niqab Byzance Constatinople Istanbul Théodose Constantin Justinien empereurs byzantins ottomans Stamboul Osman Croisades sac janissaires loukoms baklavas épices Seldjoukides doges Venise Vénitiens Génois Gênes vapür Pierre Loti minarets coupoles dômes icônes iconoclastes Rome romain patriarche patriarcat orthodoxe schisme esclaves infidèles roumi rumi Anadolu omeyyade abbasside sunnites chiites voile derviches tourneurs Tour de Léandre Karaköy colonnes piliers obélisque basilique église Citerne pavillon kiosque Yézidis Alaouites Nusayris Noseïris Ansariyas Bedprière Salat Namaz Aube Aurore fajr duhan imsak sabah günes Midi dhur ögle Après-midi asr ikindi Soir maghrib aksam nuit isha''a yatsiesten Beyazit Amher Mahmud Bogazici oumma hippodrome aqueduc réservoir Valens Gülhane porphyre confiseries mezzés pont Köprüsü Bezmialem Abdülmecit Karaköy Abdülaziz Unkapani Hayrat Haliç Cadessi sokagi Pasa Pasha Pacha Khédive d''Egypte Palis de Dolmabahçe Palais de Ciragan Palais de Beylerbeyi Abdül-Mecit Abdül-Aziz qibla ka''ba sadirvan Théodora Comène Zoé Zeus Hera Io baroque rococo Nuruosmaniye Sehzade Yeni Camii - 2012 CATALOGNE Catalunya BARCELONE Barcelona Carcassonne, Fenouillèdes Perpignan châteaux QUéribus Peyrepertuse, aqueduc d''Ansigna, Cucugna, gorges de Galamus Oratoire St Antoine Perpignan: pl. de la Loge, cathédrale, château des rois de Majorque Forteresse de Salses-le-Château orgues d''Ille-sur-Têt village de Castelnou Ortaffa Elne (Ste Eulalie et Ste Julie) Collioure St Génis-des-Fontaines Le Boulou plaine du Roussillon (nord) pays de Salanque pays du Ribéral pays des Aspres plaine du Roussillon (sud) Côte Vermeille massif des Albères Conflent et Cerdagne Prades (église St Pierre) St Michel-de-Cuxa extérieur Corneilla-de-Conflent Villefranche-de-Conflent Mont-Louis village de Dorres randonnées St Martin-de-Fénolar Maureillas-las-Lilas St Ferréol Céret Amélie-les-Bains-Palalda Arles-sur-Tech Gorges de la Fou villages de Corsavy et de Montferrer St Laurent-de-Cerdans village de Coustouges Serralongue Prats-de-Mollo-la Preste chemins de Saint-Jacques-de-Compostelle les Cathares Ripollès Abbaye de Ripoll Sant Joan de les Abadesses Alt Empordà Cadaquès Castello d''Empuries Vestiges antiques d''Emporion Peratallada Baix Empordà Palau-sator Pals Vulpellac Giroan Gérone Figuères Vieux quartiers Cathédrale et musée capitulaire Santa Maria Bains arabes et chapelle St Pere de Galligants Eglise Sant Feliu Sant Cugat del Vallès Montserrat ermitages langue occitan catalan Barri Gotic Santa Sant Eulalia cathédrale église basilique Maria las Ramblas (Boqueria, Mercat) Plaça Reial (Place Royale) Palau Güell Plaça de la Pau (Place de la Paix) Montjuic Marché aux Fleurs Palau Nacional (Musée National d''Art de Catalogne - MNAC) Plaça d''Espanya (Place d''Espagne) et Poble Espanyol Sagrada Familia façades Passion Nativité Gloire clocher flèches Plaça de Catalunya (Place de Catalogne) Palau de la Musica Catalana Illa de la Discordia (Passeig de Gracia) Casa Batllo Avinguda Diagonal Casa Mila quartier Eixample (Quadrat d''Or) Parc Güell architecte Antoni Gaudí i Cornet maîtres Art Nouveau oeuvres Lluís Domènech i Montaner Josep Puig i Cadafalch Joseph Domenech i Estapà - 2012 Madagasikara à MADAGASCAR avec nos chauffeurs Patrick, Dominique, Jean-Jacques et Mamy et les guides des réserves Jean Lamour, Jean-Baptiste, Arthur, Jimmy, Méthode, Robinson, Charline, Justin, Agathe et Emma l''agence A la carte A Mada de Richard Philippe RAKOTOARISON HERIVOLA Monny nos hôtels favoris Chalet des Roses à Tana Le Lac à Samhambavy, Gaspard à Ranomafana Isalo Ranch à Ranohira, Baobab Café à Morondava et Tanakoay à Bekopaka Voyage privatif à la carte Olivier Pelaez du Ranch Solaris Mangily-Ifaty les bonnes adresses de restaurants Les Bougainvilliers Bougainvillées à Ambaloavao Meanbe à Belo sur Tsiribihina Mad Zébu les ateliers d''artisant en raphia cocottes en aluminium à Ambatolampy cornes de zébus Chez les Six Frères à Antsirabe lapidaire jaoillier Taillerie de la Ville d''Eau Chez Joseph Antsirabe confoseur bonbons Chez Marcel vers à soie Chez Clarisse et Haingo à Manandona Sculpture sur bois Arts Malagasy Jean et Frèreet marqueterie à Ambositra Manufacture de thé TAF Sidexam à Sahambavy forgerons Ajamba plantation et distillerie d''huiles essentielles Manakara Canal des Pangalanes Papier antaimoro Ambalavao mines gisements de saphirs Colorline Marc Noverraz Ilakaka Réserve privée Hôtel Vakôna Parc National Analamazaotra Réserve de l''Ialatsara IADE Ambohimahasoa rova palais de la reine Ambohimanga Colline Bleue gite Bakobako visite nocturne forêt primaire relief ruiniforme karstique double funérailles pisteurs lémuriens lemur microcèbe hapalemur maki catta vary eulemur Tananarive train FCE TCE détaillement locomotive motrice Mamitours en 4x4 taxi-brousse paludisme pauvreté feux de brousse brûlis charbon de bois geckos lézards iguanes caméléons serpents fossas araignées prédateurs autronésiens zébus rizières en terrasses Irondro orpaillage chutes cascades canyons sifakas ou propithèques crocodiles du nil Fianarantsoa gare thermes briques latérite cases arbre du voyageur ravenala ou ravinala sisal hotely gargote gargotte chariots et charrettes port terres rares royaume Merina vezo sakalava roi Radama Ranavalona Ratsiraka Ravalomanana Andry Rajoelina maire président Transition HAT agon barrière de corail Antaimoro ou Antemoro mora mora culte des ancêtres tombeaux Manao ahoana Veloma totems funéraires érotiques Route Nationale 7 bandits dahalo voleurs embuscades déliquance corruption Daniel Rajaona thé et théiers Radoniaina Angelo Rakotoarisoa Rakotoarison Patrimoine Mondial de l''UNESCO Patrimoine de l''Humanité de l''UNESCO pachypodiums tapias bivouac Namaza escalde et spéélo vertige Forêt de Zombitse-Vahibasia ethnies Antandroy et Mahafaly Bara Andranavory Sakaraha alaolo Tollagnaro Fort Dauphin Tuléar Toliara Canal du Mozambique cactées aride et désertique faune et flore maqsuillage masque tabaky ravitoto romazava de zébu aux brèdes mafana mangrove bungalows moustiquaires alizé et mousson langoustes et camarons gambas plage pirogue balancier Famadihana cérémonie exhumation retournement des morts fady tabous interdits grottes tombe vazimba Circuit Andamazavaky failles diaclases sacré Manjakandriana Moramanga Mitsinjo indri indri aye aye ravinstara ylang ylang Analamazaotra guide Rakotovao farwest Rova Manjakamiadana palais du roi Andrianampoinimerina avenue de l''Indépendance Araben''ny fahaleovantena hôtel de ville Lapan'' Ny Tanana Lac Anosy - 2013 MADERE Madère Madeira MADÈRE Funchal barbares Alains Romains arabo-berbères hispano-mauresque manuélin styme mudéjar Alcácer Alphonse Jean Algarve Fernand de Magellan Fernão Magalhaes colons colonisation Brésil navigateurs Révolution de Septembre, du Minho, de Patuleia Oeillets révolte Manuel Antonio de Oliveira Salazar dictature dictateur fascisme Estado Novo 1974 socialiste Mário Soares crise PIGS austérité légende amants Robert McKean (ou Robert Mac Keen) et Anna de Harfet (ou Anne d?Arfet ou Dorset) Henri le navigateur, João Gonçalves Zarco et Tristão Vaz Teixeira Bartolomeu Perestrelo découverte conquête Christophe Colomb corsaire français, Pierre Bertrand de Montluc vigne vin vendanges cépages vinification ZEE archipel Macaronésie alizés vent vinho verde poire pêra-rocha Mangualde banaes bananeraies volcans sous-marin basalte orgues Pico Ruivo supercontinent Gondwana dérive des continents forêts sempervirentes écorégion biotope écosystème bione Porto Santo îles Desertas (Désertes) ilhas ilheus îles Selvagens (Sauvages) Câmara de Lobos Machico Santa Cruz Santana Caniço de Baixo Malvasia São Vicente et Ribeira da Janela Porto da Cruz Faial vendanges raisin Malvoisie Tinta negra mole phoques moines Pointe St Laurent espada sabre noir pêche port pêcheurs Nossa Senora Estreito Campanário Ribeira Brava Madelena do Mar randonnée levadas canaux irrigation laura silva laurasilva primaire Bao Morte Quinta Grande cap falaise Cabo Girão Preikestolen Koh Phi Phi belvédère panorama mirador miradouro à-pic point de vue Fajã crique plage cirque sable noir galets São Bento transepts Ponta do Sol Porto Moniz piscines naturelles lave Seixal N-Dame Notre-Dame Ponta do Garajau Lido Riu Palace Reis Magos Ponta de São Lourenço paquebots bateaux de croisières Caniçal baleines cachalots Prainha Baia da Abra marina Quinta do Lorde Ilhéu îlot rocher Rosto Castelo Espigão Amarelo Clérigo Jorge canne à sucre distillerie Companhia dos Engehos do Norte alcool (aguardente) rhum Guindaste Rocha da Aguia casas de colmo toits chaume chaumières Navio Viuva Arco excursions plateau Paul da Serra landes maquis incendies eucalystus laurier fétide til (Ocotea Foetens) vipérine arbuste plante parc photovoltaïque éolien Festa da Tosquia Rabaçal Boca da Encumeada Estalagem auberge Corrida Serra de Agua Mountain Expeditions 4x4 jeep chemins forestiers pistes littoral côtes hameaux villages Curral das Freiras soeurs religieuses nonnes Cristóvão chapelle Eira do Serrado poncha caralhinho mexelote Jardim jardins parcs Serra Antonio Martinho faubourgs quartiers coq de Barcelos St Jacques de Compostelle Santo Domingo de la Calzada miracles Poço da Neve glacière sorbets Arieiro sommet Ribeiro Frio saxifrages orchidées chrysanthème renoncules Balcões col passe Passo do Poisso endémique autochtones faune flore genre famille botaniques Botânico Quinta do Bom Sucesso Quinta do Lago Boa Vista quintas Palheiro Ferreiro (propriété des Blandys) Orquidea Almirante Reis espèces variétés William Reid botanistes Carlos Azevado de Meneses fougères arborescentes ficoïdes palmiers pandanus cycas aloès yuccas agaves agapanthes mosaïculture irésine heliconias oiseaux de paradis Strelitzia Jacaranda Tipuana tipu Tulipier du Gabon érythrine psittaciformes perruches, inséparables, perroquets et aras Fortaleza de São João Baptista Camphrier Dragonniers A Parreira dîner-spectacle Roque bolo do caco bolo de mel pain d''épices brochette espetada bailhino braguinha guitare brinquinho Monte Terreiro da Luta gare crémaillère d''Autriche Hongrie Bohême carros de cesto luge traineau paniers d''osier carroceiros Grande Hôtel Belmonte Livramento Comboio Mercado dos Lavradores marché laboureurs rua Brigadeiro maracuja légumes fruits pimpinela annona chouchous chayottes ou christophines Praça de Peixe Visconde de Andia Broderies Adolfo Aires de Freitas Patrício et João de Deus Magno Gouveia fabrique atelier usine manufacture Ferreiros Município mairei hôtel de ville Collège des Jésuites (ou São João Evangelista) Ursule comtede Carvalhal vieillissement Garrafeiras Colheitas estufagem millésime canteiro liqueur Henriques & Henriques, la Madeira Wine Company (famille Blandy), Vinhos Barbeitos, Vinhos Justino Henriques, Filhos, Pereira d''Oliveira Vinhos, Silva Vinhos Museu Quinta das Cruzes César Filipe Gomes legs John Wetzler collectionneur orfèvre caixas de açucar fajôco Casa-Museu Frederico de Freitas Calçada de Santa Clara monastère clarisses dominicaines Franciscaines (Congregação das Franciscanas Missionárias de Maria) Gonçalo de Amarante Sainte Claire Ordre de Saint-François d''Assise maître-autel Avenida Ariaga la Sé cathédrale statue de Sissi dans le parc du Casino Infante da Vigia blason Restaurante dos Combatentes da Flor Saint Laurent Street Art exil imératrice Franz l''empereur François-Joseph Autriche Bacalhau a la narciso morue Açorda soupe sopa Baile da Rosa roses Largo do Chafariz, Avenida Arriaga, Palácio de S. Lourenço, Largo Phelps et Praça da Restauração Mur de l''Espérance tapis de fleurs chars allégoriques fleuris défilé cortège Festa da Flor João Egidio Rodrigues Isabel Borges Ecole de samba Caneca Furada Geringonca Fabrica de Sonhons Turma do Funil Furia Samba Bairro da Argentina Sorrisos de Fantasia Praça do Mar Sá Carmeiro navire caravelle caraque ou nef Robert Wijntje mâts voiles Santa Maria La Pinta La Niña gaillard dunette cale pont claire-voie des écoutilles placées sur le surbau vigie roulis cétacés croix Ordem dos Cavaleiros de Nosso Senhor Jesus Cristo Arriero et Amparo Ajuda - 2013 INDONESIE JAVA Jakarta Solo Surakarta Surabaya Mojokerto Yogyakarta kraton pasar Pasuruan Malang volcan Gunung Bromo Tengger Madura Nusa Prambanan Borobudur Bahyuwangi Monts Penanjakan Yudi Sangiran Flores Moluques Timor Papouasie Bornéo Sumatra Kalimantan Lombok Wajak Austronésiens Mataram Majapahit Demak Agung VOC Semeru Merapi Malacca Bongaya Gowa Hasanuddin Bone Palakka Arumpone Luwu Malangke Soekarno Sukarno Soeharto Suharto Komodo Sanjaya Sailendra BALI I Gede Suardana Medewi Pura Tanah Lot Hayam Wuruk Kertanegara de Singasari Ngurah Rai Revolusi bali-sasak kriss legong barong sarong sarung gamelan Tri Hita Karana Kopi Luwak subak abian kepeng Gilimanuk Agama Hindu Dharma Candi Bantar kaja Suraya kelod Brahmâ Canang Sari crémations bûcher To Manurung wesia ou vaishyas sudra ou shudra satria Shatria Sanur Denpasar Batubulan Mas Celuk Bedulu Ubud Jimbaran warung Ngaben mukur Falun Dafa Gong apotek notaris Durga Kunta Kalika Rangda Sahadewa Goa Gajah sarcophage Ubud Baturiti Batu Riti Ulun Danu Bratan Jatiluwih Luhur Batukaru Pacung Mengwi Dewi sacrifices Odal kebaya kamben bindis (ou tilaks) turban udeng Sebatu Tampak Siring Penelokan Kintamani Batur Bangli Kehen pededong-gedongan limage dents lepasaon ou kepusodel tipattaluh ou ketipatkukur tigabulanan tutugkambuhan otonan Pawukon-o Wukuo Upacara Pontong gigi vices ceinture selandong ou sabuk Ramayana pis bolong sesari Tirta Empul Gunung Kawi Danau Landih Hayu Bihi Padmasana Kintamani Gianyar Klungkung Besakih Goa Lawah salines Kusamba Saka Odalan Otonan Tumpek NyepiSang Yangh Widi Umum Malam tamarille ou tamarillo salak Taman Gili Kertha Gosa puputan Kanda Pat Sari ou Kandi Pat Sare Yama Chitragupta Bale Kambang Mahâbhârata Penataran Madeg Kiduling Kreteg Rendang Bandar Udara Bukit Rinjani Maccinibaji CELEBES SULAWESI Dayaks Philippines archipels Batacres Torajas Leang-Leang La Galigo Tallo Wajo Minahasa Semenanjung Timur Selatan Makassar Macassar gorontalo pamona buton Para Pare Bugis pinisi dewata Sangiang Serri pics Mangisi Buttu Bolang Tananti Pema Nona Lansa Noni Tangru Puang Saruran Sidrap Enrekang Makale Pongtiku Rantepao Sa''dan Plawa Pallawa Lempo Batutumonga Bolu Marante Bori PangalaAluk Todolo tongkonan Ambe Tonduk Tominaa Bassi Bulaan Karurung Kuakua esclaves Tokapua Tomakaka Tobuda tau-tau effigies layuk adat pekamberan batu rumah asap to masaki Puang Sambolinggi alang babiroussa Rumah Makan Pa''piong Manuk brochettes Babi Pamarasan arak arrack kluwek, keluwek, keluak ou atau kluak kepayang roupies rupiahs buffles bufalo kérabau ou karbau Madandan Londa Lemo Kambira Makula Buntu Kalando dons cadeaux machette parang lantang turut berduka cita sépultures (liang) (menyatakan duka mendalam anak cucu cercueils suspendus SAGADA Luzon niches tombes tombeaux sépultures sepak takraw Ma''nene Puya foetus morts-nés nouveaux-nés bébés menirs mégalithes orphelinat fanfare orchestre Yayasan Mala''bi Pa''Pompang Pa''Bas combats de coqs combats de buffles toucans calaos sangliers anoas Bonto Bonto Fort Rotterdam Néerlandais palmiers à huile silkair Garuda - 2013 SINGAPOUR guide Goh Chai Jin Charles Récit de voyage à Singapour Singapore Carnet de voyage à Singapour Singapore Séjour à Singapour Singapore MORAUTHELI Cité-État Temasek Singapoura royaume de Srivijaya (Sumatra) roi Hayam Wuruk de Majapahit Parameswara Sang Nila Utama prince de Palembang symbole du lion Indes Néerlandaises Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles comptoir commerce colonie de la couronne de Malacca aux Anglais Straits Settlements premier Premier Ministre, Lee Kuan Yew l''un des quatre Dragons Asiatiques Lee Hsien Loong People''s Action Party (PAP) péninsule malaise détroit de Johor Pulau Ujong climat tropical chaud et humide taux de fécondité dénatalité HDB (Housing and Development Board) citoyens résidents (philippins, bangladais, sri-lankais, japonais, coréens, indiens, malais, malaisiens, anglo-saxons, tamouls) bouddhistes mahayana musulmans chrétiens taoistes mandarin Détroit de Karimata île de Palau Bintan réceptif Amerasia célibat gouverneur T.S. Raffles poldérisation remblais arrasements comblement digue Palau Semakau pétrochimie industeis port porte-conteneurs une nation sécuritaire arrestation emprisonnement drogues embouteillages circulation système de taxation-télépayage électronique Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) Marina Bay gratte-ciel Gateway architecture urbaniseme Ieoh Ming Pei ArtScience Museum Singapore Flyer MBS, Marina Bay Sand Gardens by the Bay The Grove Jardin National des Orchidées (National Orchid Garden) orchidée nationale Vanda Miss Joaquim Little India église méthodiste Kampong Kapor temple hindou Sri Veeramakallamman dédié à Kali façade colorée Ministère de la Culture, de l''Information et des Arts (MICA) îlot urbain Clarke Quay Royal Selangor Pewter Center (Royal Selangor Gallery), Senor Taco, Highlander anciennes jonques chinoises (tongkangs) Colonial District) Parlement Cour Suprême cathédrale Saint Andrew City Hall OCBC Bank (Oversea-Chinese Banking Corp Ltd), Royal Group, Onera The Sail Boat Quay hôtel Fullerton Esplanade - Theatres on the Bay May Bank, HSBC, DBS, Stra Chinatown quartier chinois restaurant Yum Cha Dim Sum rouleaux de printemps, raviolis, nouilles, riz, légumes sautés beignet de banane May Bank, HSBC, DBS, Straits Trading, Bank of America Buddha Tooth Relic Temple and Museum Santa Grand Hotel restaurant Yum Cha Dim Sum rouleaux de printemps raviolis nouilles riz légumes sautés et beignet de banane - 2014 LAOS guides VIC Vilaphonh et BOUN Récit de voyage au Laos Carnet de voyage au Laos Séjour au Laos pays millions sourires million éléphants royaume vestige Plaine Jarres civilisation Dvaravati Wat Phou Vat Phu populations Thaï Nan-Chao Chine Yunnan Mongol Kubilai Khan tête empire chinois ethnie Thaï hommes libres Moyen Mékong culture khmère Fa Ngum bouddhisme Theravâdâ origines bouddhisme Petit Véhicule Bouddha d''Emeraude Wat That Luang conquis Birmanie Birmans souverain siamois thaï protectorat Auguste Pavie vice-consul commissaire général État Union française Indochine Pathet Lao Savang Vatthana Sisavang Vong trône abolition monarchie abdication Viêt Nam Viêt Minh piste Hô Chi Minh accords paix Parti révolutionnaire populaire lao République démocratique RDPL camps prisonniers politiques reine Khamphoui Chao mines ASEAN Association nations Sud-Est asiatique Perestroïka Glasnost URSS chef Etat est Choummaly Souriya Sayasone Premier Ministre est Thongsing Thammavong frontière typhons saisons plateau Bolovens population millions habitants croyances indigènes composition ethnique ethnies Lao Loum Lao Theung Lao Lao Sung Hmong Meo langues taïes-kadaïes alphabet siamois langue tonale sip L daph wan tchan t''ngai jan deuan minaa L mee nah khop chay L or koon nam L teuk PIB-PPA Parité Pouvoir Achat agriculture subsistance forêt primaire déforestation palissandre bois rose benjoin devises Vietnam Airlines Boeing 777 Réceptif ASEV Asie Sud Est Voyage François Foulon cambodge notre guide Vilaphonh VIC Sacha Bollet émission Echappées France 5 Belles Annaliese WULF Jürgen BERGMAN Berthold SCHWARZ Baw pen nyang tricycles samlos motos-taxis tuk-tuk jumbo Huay Xai chikungunya A/H1N1 frontale monnaie Kips LAK Vols arrachée Arc Triomphe Patuxay Setthathirath Wat Phra Keo Wat Sisaket Pha That Luang Marché Thalat Sao Siddharta Gautama illuminé BOUDDHA Sakyamuni Amitabha empereur Ashoka communauté monastique ascèse hédonisme Dharma Sangha Maitreya Mahayana Avalokitesvara déité Véhicule Tantrique Vajrayana Kualao bornes kilométriques pétanque Trimurti Mercure statue roi Fa Ngum siamois Ayutthaya Korat Wat Inpeng Wat Ong Teu Wat Mixai Ambassade Brunei Nam Phu Bibliothèque Nationale Palais Présidentiel Si Chiang Mai Nong Khai Anouvong Wat Xieng Nheum Talat Khan Kham Wat Phra Keo Wat Sisaket galerie gouttière sacrée eau bénite lustrale nagas dragons Nouvel An bouddhiste Boun Pii Mai Laos Chaul Chnam Thmey Cambodge Pha That Luang Setthathirath Ecole française Extrême-orient EFEO Pah Vet Wat That Luang Thai fidèles pèlerins adeptes Ton Nam potage crudités sauté curry Thalat Sao Kamu ou khamu ou Khmu villages pratiques animistes chamans Hmonglangue sino-tibétaine sinisés Hans Chinois plain pied héritage colonial foyers brasero Poêle New Lao Stove NLS Broussonetia papyrifera Col Phôn Hông Tam Tjang Nam Ngum échoppes sauces pâtes Nam Song Phou Din Daeng canoës canoés kayaks chambres air rafting montgolfières VTT escalade spéléo Ban Phatang Phou Hinlek Fai Nam Lik Vieng Kham Phou Khoun Phou Khoun Phien Fa fumerie opium vache qui rit Con bo cuoi alcool pattes ours noir collier blanc bhikkhuni cpréceptes vinaya robe sanghati uttarasanga antaravasaka kayabandhana patta bol quête aumône vaasi rasoir suuci aiguille filtre parissavana uppraspivhina añsa nisidana Muong Soua Muong Luang Phrah Arts Traditionnels Iko Katu Tai Lue âme khouan phi Wat Xieng Thong Wat Sene minicroisière sim salle prière lapis-lazuli Arbre Vie rassasi Sakkarine Wat Sene Souk Haram Manivanh Kitsalat Som pa filet Tak Bat quête écharpe vapeur jupe lao traditionnelle sinh riz gluant khai niew Phosy Couleur Café Sainamkhan River View bistrot cassolette oh lam laap kai mangoustan goji açaï litchi litchee Wat Pak Khan Wat Khili Wat Souvankhiri Xieng Khouang Ban Xang Khong Ban Xieng Lek Wat Pha Houak Airâvata Phaya Si Mahanam Phya In trois joyaux Jambupati Hos Pavillons noirs chinois Deo-van-Tri Bounkhong Wat That Wat Phra Mahathat reliquaire Dyen Sabai passerelle bambou Ban Phan Luan Wat Phan Luang Ratsouda Ram Khoundouangchan Wat Pak Ha Xaingaram crématoire Dara Market Wat Manorom bénédiction cordelette Roots & Leaves Baci nuptial phousao fiancé fiancailles phoubao Soukhouane ONG batelier Pak Ou épervier cigales latex Phou Pha Hen sentier Tam Phum Kamu Lodge Ban Yoi Hai Groupe Apple Tree gérant Olivier Trafial Lutecia Koh Samui riz cantonnais Sine Savan Sine Tjoup lao lum arbalète flèches beignets drapeau cohue Ban Xang Hai Tad Khouang Xi papillons Ban Naouane lao loum Ban Ou Ban Taphen Free The Bears eaux turquoises cascade émincés 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Cambodia National Rescue Party PDH Parti des Droits de l''Homme Sam Rainsy Le premier ministre Hun Sen Mékongmôn-khmères cursive sanskrit pali crise asiatique balance commerciale riels monoculture hévéa Nouveau Poêle Lao (New Lao Stove ou NLS) textile grèves manifestations réprimées violence cadastre Sam AUN réceptif TÂM Travel tuktuk tuk-tuk insurrection collectivisation Phnom Penh ruines camps de rééducation persécutions religieuses Douch Duch Kang Kek Ieu Nuon Chea Khieu Samphân Ieng Sary Ieng Thirith riz paddy ornements allégoriques terre vernissée arêtes faîtière Stoeng Treng Stung Treng Krong Stueng Traeng Wat Khat Takyaram Tonle Sekong propagande affiches Kanakpak Pracheachon Kâmpuchéa KPK Heng Samrin Chea Sim Sorsor Mouy Roy Sambor Mékong Kampi dauphins d''eau douce Orcaella brevirostris dauphin de l''Amazone Inia geoffrensis Kratie Krong Krachen Viêtminhs Odom Sambath Preah Soramarith Phsar Kratie écharpe gargote fête de la Clarté Qingmingjie Prek Te carrelet tumulus funéraires cham Khmers islam islamisés hévéas Chup Kampong Cham Wat Nokor Phnom Santuk Kampong Thom Sambor Prei Kuk site pré-angkorien Prey Pros Prey Pros River Rest tro u bicorde Siem Reap krolann haricots rouges à l''étouffée Raffles Somadevi Nouvel An Bouddhique Chaul Chnam Thmey Bouddhisme Mahayana Hinayana dynastie Jayavarman II Indravarman Ier Roluos Baray de Loleï, Prah Ko Bakong Yaçovarman Ier Phnom Bakheng Baksei Champkrong Harshvarman Ier Phimeanakas Pré Rup Rajendravarman II Suryavarman Ier Baphuon Udayadityavarman II Jayavarman VI Angkor Vat Suryavarman II Angkor Thom Bayon Prah Khan Ta Prohm Jayavarman VII bassins (baray) Chaussée des Géants gardiens dvarapala yaksa asura deva anastylose Porte Sud tour visage tour-visages temple montagne temple-montagne arcs et voûtes en encorbellement Bayon prasat sanctuaire mont Meru galerie Aiâvata éléphant tricéphale apsaras danseuses célestes Baphûon, la Tour de Cuivre Ecole Française d''Extrême- Orient (EFEO) Jacques Dumarçay Pascal Royère inauguration épopée Ramayana Mahabharata statuaire ronde bosse Sras Srei ablution Terrasse des Eléphants Terrasse du Roi Lépreux Enfers Yama nagas serpents dragons Prasat Suor latérite grès rouge Preah Khan Circuit douves bibliothèque racine fromagers Eat Khmer Food Restaurant Angkor Vat Wat gopura Vishnu bassins épopée hindoue Mahabharata conflit Pandava Kaurava Krisna (avatar de Vihnu) Barattage de l''Océan de Lait Géants mythe cosmologique Ta Prohm Ta Phrom faux-fromagers Tetrameles nudiflora figuiers étrangleurs Ficus gibbosa balustrades-nagas Tomb Raider Deux frères Jean-Jacques Annaud Lara Croft Angelina Jolie Indiana Jones lingam symbole phallique yoni symbole féminin Banteay Srei André Malraux Koh Ker Phnom Bahkeng danses d''apsaras danseuses célestes Rig-Véda Mahabharata Patrimoine Oral et Immatériel épouses Gandharvas Indra bénédiction Robam Choun Por Robam Kaine ballet royal Moni Mekhala Robam Nesat amrita nectar d''immortalité démons Pub Street Tonle Sap Chaong Kneas silures pâte de poisson prahoc Réserve de la Biosphère Po Banteaychey Khong Mouch Wat Svai Smiles of Angkor Artisans d''Angkor laquage Chantiers-Ecoles de Formation Professionnelle (CEFP) société d''économie mixte apprentis ouvriers Asian Square fruit du dragon (pitaya) Airbus A321 Vietnam Airlines Mébon Occidental - 2014 ITALIE du sud Mezzogiorno Pouilles Basilicate Campanie Italie méridonalelow-cost Transavia First Class Città dello Sport Le grand sud italien Dolce vita italienne Oxstuni Salento Lecce Otrante Guide: Rosaria Un séjour en Italie du sud Récit de voyage en Italie du sud Carnet de voyage en Italie du sud - Romulus Rémus Rome Lombards carolingienne Francs Arégis II Bénévent Spolète sarrasines Calabre Roger II de Sicile Gargano Benoît VIII Guaimar III de Salerne Guillaume Bras de Fer allégeance Saint-Empire romain germanique Apoulie Hohenstaufen Charles Ier d''Anjou royaume des Deux-SicilesEmpire austro-hongrois Risorgimento Giuseppe Garibaldi Expédition des Mille Victor-Emmanuel II de Savoie Apennins Abbruzes volvans éruption explosion Apulia Lucanie Garigliano Policastro ''''La botte italienne''''apulia puglia - SAN GIOVANNI San Giovanni Rotondo Padre Pio Francesco Forgione Pietrelcina Capucins stigmates Hôpital Civil de Saint François hôpital Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza Jean-Paul II Bienheureux Saint François d''Assise latium lazio Monte Cassino Gran Sasso Avellino Grottaminarda Sant''Agata di Puglia O.N.C. (office National des Combattants) blé dur battaglia del grano il ferro alla patriaRenzo Piano Kansaï Centre Georges Pompidou New York Times Zentrum Paul Klee Berne crypte Mimmo Paladino Marko Ivan Rupnik Santa Maria della Grazie Via Crucis Monte San''tAngelo - CASTEL DEL MONTE Cerignola Manfredonia Manfred Frédéric II de Sicile Castel del Monte Parco nazionale dell''Alta Murgia Murgiesplan octogonal épopée Rollon traité de Saint-Clair-sur-Epte Robert Ier le Riche Guillaume le Conquérant Guillaume Ier Guillaume Longue Epée Guillaume le Conquérant Roger Borsa Sybille de Conversano Robert Guiscard Maures Tancrède de Hauteville Roger Bosso Frédéric Barberousse Henri Hohenstaufen - ALBEROBELLO trulli péninsule salentine Salento truddu furnieddhi nuraghi Alberobello BariSan Nicola Masseria Papaperta chiancarelle mozzarella treccia lait de bufflonnes orecchiettes turrula Caterina bellum Arbore Bello selva Ferdinand d''Aragon feudataire Conversano Giangirolamo II Acquaviva surnommé le Borgne Guercio Syrie goubba chiance serraglia tavolato solaio Rione Aia Piccola spaghetti all''amatriciana alla carbonanra maccherini tagliatelle fettuccine cannelloni farfalle fusilli ravioli tortellini salami prosciutto - 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Battista Giovenale Galimberti italo-américain Sir Charles Forte Soeurs Faoili Teresa, Cecilia Antonia Porta della Portella Luigi Ridolfi Alfredo Tosti Gran Grand Hotel San Domenico di Cocullo Porta dell''Olmo Vetere Maggiore Pietro Saints Apôtres Pierre et Paul Saint Blaise San Biagio il ghetto ebraico di anticoli bulle Paul IV Cum nimis absurdum Sermoneta Terracina lois mussoliniennes racistes Statut Civic Anagnino Piazza Spada Léonard de Vinci - 2014 ouzbekistan OUZBEKISTAN Uzbekistan Guide: Lora (Dilora) Russes Etat Sibérie bronze bactro-margienne Oxus indo-aryens autochtones indo-européens Tazabagyab Khwarezm Iraniens Turkestan Scythes iraniens OuzbékistanSogdiens Samarcande Boukhara Bactriens Bactres Balkh Maracanda achéménide Bactriens Khorezm Syr-Daria Amou-Daria Zeravchan Afrasiab légendaire Huns Hephtalites Qarakhanides Karakhanides Cyrus II Parthie Mer Caspienne zoroastrisme Mésopotamie macédonien Alexandre Grand Darius III Transoxiane Séleucos IerSéleucides Parthes Scythes 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ziggourats akkadien idoles caravaniers Nukus Zurmala Jarkurgan Surkhondaryo Khorasan Varakhsha Kalon Kalyan Islam-Khoja Khiva Zindan prison menottes fers empalés précipités Koukhna Ark majolique vitrifié glaçurer Abdullah Djinn islimi svastikas ghirih kitabkhana mo''arraq Kourinich Khana iwan turco-moghole bastion Akchikh-Bobo tandyr tandoor jarre Mohammed Rakhim Khan Arab Mohammed Khan tchaikhana Tea House Farrukh non nân naan khlièb Palais Tach Khaouli Ichrat Khaouli Ak Koutloug Mourad Inak Alla Khouli Khan Juma Jama Masjid koch vis-à-vis tour gulsasta sardoba tim Alla Kouli Khan pishtak Kath Grand Vizir Isfandyar Arts Appliqués Allakouli Khan hujra khanagha Abulghazi Bahadur Anoucha tissage lutrins ébénistes marqueterie Palvan Darvoza Saïd Niaz Cheliker Bey Beg Saïd Allauddin Toza Bogh Koubai Khidza Chirgazi Khan Nikoh Tuy Beshik Tuy Bechikh Toy Sunnat Tuy fiançailles marieur entremetteur rites rituelsrumol-berdi engagement dastarkhan Katta Tuy Nikoh ukish oshpaz karnai surnai tambourins dayereh sarpoykiydi manteau matelassé chapan communauté mahalla porte-flambeaux escorte turma turban calotte dobpa dopa doppe bottes souples kavich chimildik paranja suzani suzaines preuve vœux kelin salomi cotonniers Gossypium capsules bourres Corée sud cargos Lada Chevrolet Deawoo étendues sablonneuses semi-désertiques Kizil-Koum Pamir phasmes sangliers tortues varans serpents marmottes désert pelage степь Gazli carrioles ânes mulets ballots convoyé asinien roi-héros iranien Syāvouch Buqaraq baraka royaume Kushan général Qutayba ben Muslim Tougchada KhorassanMerv rabad Avicenne Abu Ali Ibn Sînâ savant encyclopédiste al-Biruni al-Boukhârî compilateur hadiths Namezgokh Astrakhanides Nâdir Shâh Muhammed-Rakhim-Khan Manghit Staline Faïzoulla Khodjaïev purges Arabon Komil B&B Bed and Break caravansérail Jourabek Tchor Minor turcoman Khalif Niazkhoul bassin haouz Termez Denaou salines salpêtre Palais Sitoraï-Makhi-Khosa Palais Ermitage Saint Pétersbourg intérieure daroum premier Congrès Soviet Arts Décoratifs Blanc Moradov Octogonal turbans chalma ikat soufi Naqshbandiyya tronc mort un vieux mûrier mosquée femmes Abdoul Faïz Khan chapeliers Tim Tok-i-Tipak Furuchon rue Khakhikat Kakikat Po-i-Kalon Mir-i-Arab joailliers Tim Tok-i-Zargaron Khodja Nouroubod piédestal fureur destructrice Alim Khan Mosquée Kalon dôme bleu Kok Goumbaz mihrab pavillon mollah prêche gouldasta bleu turquoise Ouloug Beg Abdoul Aziz Khan coupoles Mogok-i-Attari koch Gichduwan torsadées changeurs Tok-i-Sarrafon Nadir Divan Begi Koukeldach tympan fabuleux colorés simurgh simorgh Nasr-Eddin Hodja Eshoni Pir mannequins Ovatsiya créatrice Irina Sharipova khan atlas adras zardouzi Ismaïl Samani Tchachma Ayoub Mouhammad al-Boukhari mazar archéologue Chichine pillage faravahar ange gardien trompe pendentifs Job Modar-i-Khan Reghistan Regiisthan Registan Bolo-Haouz citadelle Ark chapiteaux muqarnas peints Old House calotte couvre-chef national dopa dobpa dopy doppilar encore doppe Ouïgours Ouyghours tiubetek toki terme dérivant turc tülbent toki tchousti nom lieu Tchoust Kourban Uraza-hayit cornes bélier kouchkorchor motifs kalampour bodom piltadouzi takhya Badahshan Badakhchan yourte iourte Karakalpakistan démontable feutre esgui murs khana treillis bois orte xalag haalga thoone toono perches hunnu piliers bagana toile imperméable berdzine armature tündük kirghiz shanrak kazakh laine grise boz üy Kizilkum Vobkent Koufa divani Moyen-orient Abdullah Narzullaev Ibodullo Narzullaev céramiste Alisher Abdoullah Narzullaev Narzoulayev maître Moustabchira Barakaeva Dilorom touneurs caravansérail Rabat-i-Malik qarakhanide Shams-al Mulk Abdullah ibn Iskandar II karis Serafschan Karatau Guissar-Altaï gorges Sarmish pétroglyphes animaux localité Debaland lœss Kerbala mémorial mont Hayatbashi culmmine pelmini manty sacrée Tchachma Chashma marinkas Koshrabad Aïdarkul cheik camp yourtes Yangikazgan Yangi Kazgan chameaux dromadaires Camelus dromedarius bactrianus coussinets bât paupières narines fourrure bosses graisse ouïes dombra dotar feu camp Chang''an Xi''an Hans Tang soldats pilleurs convoitise brigands bandits turco-byzantines karakalpake ouzbeke courges potirons katlama tchorek tandir Och plov vodka wódka pilaf chachlik kébab tovuk kabob samsa somsa samoussa sanbosag  laghman manty pelmini chuchvara ragoûts kovuram nakhot tchurak dimnama bechbarmak kovum saili mastava mashhurda chourpa tchorba lagman tchutchvara tchorba mampar pistache cumin  loy moy chaï tasses carafe bouilloire Navoï Dehibaland Debaland Ziadin Mirbazar Katta-Kurgan Nexia Samarcande Samarkand Samarqand Maragand papetiers Ulugh Beg khanat Djaghataï persophone Karim Bek rue Gagarine hôtel Konstantin ko''chasi Mirzo Ulugbek Gour-Emir magasin Gou Gum Orient Finans Bank stade Dinamo dorixona statue Tamerlan Amir Temur Haykali Roukhabad Old City rue Jomly nougat Chir Dor Tilia Kari Registan Plaza corniches muquarnas céramique glaçurée mo''arraq Chir-Dor Oulough Beg Yalangtouch dakhma Cheïbanide Tchorsou Tchorsu Toshkent Bibi Khanoum Saray Mulk Khanum princesse masjid-i jami'' grand Coran Osman Saray Mulk Khanoum Sharq Shirinliklari kovurma pot-au-feu butternut Chah-i-Zinda Koussam-i-Abbas timouride Davlet Kouchbegi Qadi-Zadeh Roumi Koussam Ibn Abbas Khazret Khizr Voyageurs Mir Saïd Barakah Chah Rokh Miran Chah Mohammad Sultan archéologique Afrasiab Observatoire astronomique Ali Quchtchi Jai Singh II mahârâja Jaipur à Delhi Jaipur Mathurâ Ujjain Vârânasî sextant géant russe Viatkine mâché dégustation cave Khovrenko Kanagan Association Konigil Meros Zarif Mukhtarov kogozgars pilons roue godets aubes arbre cames foulons Khorassa Balkhi bombyx maître polisseur mukrakash Kashgariy Qoshg''ariy Dimitri Filatov chimiste œnologue russe Michael Khovrenko Pierre Roy Boiseaumarié Office international Kiev exposition concours Prodexpo-2014 Shirin dégustation Rkatsiteli Bayan-Shirey cognac vins dessert brandy Tables sultaniennes zij-e soltâni alcool recueil Al-Jâmi''us-Sahih études international Dorus-Hadith Khortang Khartank Pushkin Platan Chakhrisabz Karshi Kyzylkarvan Sarikul Dzham Gulistan Charvadar Nakhchab Ashkhabad Termez Termiz Qashqadaryo barrage-réservoir Chimkurgan Kesh Kash Kish Mish complexe Dorous Siadat complexe Dourout Tivolat Kok Gumbaz Jahangir Omar Cheikh crypte Hazrat-i Imam Shah Rukh descendance Barlas Cheikh Chamseddin Koulyal Taraghay Goumbaz-Sayyidan Arbat cyrillique G''allaoraol défilé Djailanouti graffitis Djizak Jizzax Steppe Faim Golodnaïa Step Xovos Guliston Chinoz Tachkent Тошкент massif Chalka Tchatch Chach-tépa City Palace Markaziy Hyatt Regency comme vis-à-vis Dedeman Sylk Road restaurant al-Aziz rue Abdulla Qodiriy canal Burdjar Monument Courage complexe Kast-Imam Bibliothèque nationale Ma''Rifat Markasi Centre Lumière Simpoziumlar Saroyi Congrès Mémorial Hazrati Imam Khazrat Imam Institut Imam al-Boukhari Nomzgokh Kokand Khan Mirza Ahmed Kushbegi Abou Bakr Mohammed Kaffal Chachi philosophe poète docteur Islam Barak Khan Teliachaïakh Muyie Mubarak Mufti fatwas National Arts Ozbek Liboslari Galereyasi Centre Barkamol Avlod Chorsu Tchorsou Torzou avenue Beruniy Khodja Akar Vali Ozbek tsar Alexandre III tour panoramique centre ville Musée Arts Appliqués Métro Place Amir Timu Khamza Turkeston Mustakillik Maidoni Ministère Finances Moliya Vazirligi Sharof Rashidovsalle Opéra ballet Alisher Navoï Lotte City Tashkent Zaravshan Matbuotchilar Agat hongrois Lewckuu Mustafa Kema Ataturk Rakatboshi Appliqués Décoratifs Polovtsev diplomate russe Novoiy marché Alay Bazaar Alaisky Bazar dit également Oloy Bozori restaurant Tarona rue Kari Niyazov Qori-Niyazi Métro ligne Chilonzor stations Amir Temour Khiyoboni Lénine Staline Karl Marx fontaine jets Tours Uzbekistan Uzbetchka Musée Amir Timur Timourides Amir Timur Museum Bek Mirzo Ulug''Beg Dormition Assomption matin  ertaleb outro rakhmat spassiba sou vada khona nomiér Qui ? 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Kto ? un bir adin dix on diécit'' cent bir yuz sto ming tyciatcha bardes sôzanda khalifa hâfiz banquets (toy ou tuy) beshkarsak rythmique frappement épaules buste méditation destan dastan ballade épique dotâr ghaychak narrant héros turcs kata achoula appel récitatif solo duo improvisé mélodie non mesurée assiette hâfiz porte-voix khalqui chant lyrique ghazal ou gazel munâjât soufi dhikr yalla terma féminins doyre Musique savante Shashmaqom mâgom interpréter maqôm cycle suite irakienne azérie ouïghoure tadjike Shashmaqom Shashmaqam vocales instrumentales urbains multiculturels transoxanienne Mâwarâ-al-nahr Shashmaqom dont l’origine remonte à l’époque préislamique théorie musicale poésie mathématiques islamique talentueux Shashmaqom vocale instrumentale idiomes mélodiques rythmiques littérature concepts solo archet cordes vent percussionsluths dotâr tanbur vièles sato ghijak cadre tambourins dayereh karnai surnai instrumentale œuvre partie vocale (nasr) séries complexe Shashmaqom répertoire pièces instrumentale (magom) musiciens système notation standard structure musicale élémentaire richesse splendide transmission orale élève préserver valeurs spirituelles Vents nay qarnay surnay Cordes pincées dombra dotâr rabâb tambûr târ Cordes frottées satô ghaychak kobyz Cordes frappées tchang daf doyre nagara - 2015 YUNNAN, capitale Kunming carnet de voyage Guide: Delphine MORAUTHELI Récit de voyage au Yunnan Carnet de voyage au Yunnan Séjour au Yunnan récit de voyage, carnet de bord, carnet de route, gastronomie cuisine nourriture climat patrimoine mondial humanité universel UNESCO, ni hao, ville de l''Eternel Printemps, royaume de Dian, général Zhuang Qiao, Chu, ressources minières, mines, Nan-Chao ou nánzhào, Song, tang, Ming, Qin, Yuan, dynastie, Tibet, tibétains, dai, bai, miao, yao, yi, hani, hans, naxi État Pyu Laos Thaïlande vietnam Birmanie Burma Bamar Myanmar Shenglong Duan Siping Mongols Hui musulmans arabes perses ouighours Asie centrale, d''Europe orientale et centrale par Gengis Khan Jin Kubilai Khan, le frère de Möngke empire impérial règne successeurs Qing chemin de fer voie ferrée Hanoï Kuomintang dont Tchang Kaï-chek Sun Yat-sen les communistes à la tête desquels Mao Zedong invasion japonaise en Mandchourie Mandchous nationalistes soviétiques Reusses Russie URSS la Seconde Guerre mondiale, les Alliés Guerre anti-japonaise USA Américains Chinois Tchang Kaï-shek provinces comptés régions Kham Grand Bond en Avant et de la Révolution culturelle relief montagnes montagneux relief climat tropical tropique du Cancer forêts tropicales du Xishuangbanna plateaux arides des contreforts de l''Himalaya cols Hong-La fleuves rivières Mékong (Lancang Jiang), fleuve en fureur ou Salouen (Nu Jiang), fleuve bleu Yangtse Giang-Tse (Jinsha Jiang) fleuve rouge (Hong Jiang) topographie gorges canion saisons pluie mousson ruiniforme Yuanyang Shilin Guizhou subtropical pluvieux ethnies minorités ethniques folklorique touristes touristique moines monastères thangka culture langue Zhuang écriture Dongba propriétaires terre fertile Kaiyuan maraîchères fruits légumes élevage moutons chèvres yaks tabac cigarettes cigares manufacture Hongmei Honghe Baisha minerais minéraux ressources charbon commerce trafic Triangle d''Or Dapuan et Sutsong architecture hameaux villages villes portes fortifications enceintes TO T.O. Arts et Vie réceptif Road travel accompagnatrice guides Delphine locales Jenny Linda compagnie aérienne China Southern Lucky Air passagers flotte Boeing 737 Airbus CZ348 porte embarquement photos interdites interdiction soie broderies batik thé pu''er pu''erh renminbis kuais jilaos maos fenscarte bancaire change conversion bureau tours operators fêtes tritionnelles festivals nourriture gastronomie mets repas restaurants baozi raviolis táozá jiaozi paludisme malaria moustiques société sociales scolarité écoles études cycles université inscription gratuit gratuité primaire enfants lycée obligatoire service militaire loyers sécurité sociale retraite vol CZ3415 Canton Guangzhou télévision TV CCTV chaînes retard Changshui International Airport Yunnanfu Cité arbres fleurs roses camélias azalées mahayana véhicule Yuantong si, Temple de la Compréhension Putuoluo déesse Guanyin Bouddha de Mile Milefo Maitreya, un Bodhisattva Bouddha Shakyamuni déesse féminine divinité aux Mille Bras sampai prosternations bouddhiques Marché aux Fleurs et aux Oiseaux Xi''an Zheng He amiral Islam grandes expéditions maritimes hôtel Long Way Palais du Gouvernement Provincial édifices New Camellia Hotel établissement Jin Jiang déjeuner dormir chambre dîner Luyu Tea Wholesale Centeralta, Centre du thé Luyu nationalités Haigeng sheng cha lao bing infusion théière briques couronnes caravannes caravanier galettes wulong à l''osmanthus oolong plantations feuilles cueillette art théâtre danse musique spectacle danseuses Yang Liping Wu Sangu Mingfeng phoenix Mingfeng phénix gouverneur Chen Yongbing Zishi pavillon Baoyun montagne sacrée Jizu Harmonie Suprême (Taihe Dian) tuiles Tongwa charpente Lingxing bronze Grande Cloche ère Xuanhua Hubei Yongle diamètre tonnes hauteur altitude surface périmètre Chongzhen Shunzhi traitre bonzaïs hectares palmiers bonzaïs Dengwen convives marches escaliers CZ3408 incidents Paris Roissy Charles de Gaulle dégustation mosaïque population Forêt de Pierres Noires de Naigu cérémonie funéraire enterrement obsèques incinération crémation réincarnation funèbres dépouille défunt éclater pétards cérémonial karst kras karstique érosion calcaire lolo Tsingy Bemaraha Madagascar Slovénie hulusi bijoux Monnaie du Pape ou Lunaire (Lunaria annua) tortue buffle lions gardiens Jing Hua Shi Fu copieux Hong Yan Fleuve Rouge bouilli sautés nouilles Yuanyang Kaiyuan habitants population individus manganèse hydrocarbures industries Malipo masures épiceries tenue vestimentaire costume coiffe coiffure bébé culotte fendue Shadian militaires contrôles policiers police Chang''an infiltrations terroristes attentats mosquée fidèles Gejiu table ronde plateau tournant Yan Zhu Abang Hmong Thaï grand marché forain de Long Bon litchis terre crue adobe pisé malodorants durians cochons porcs viande séchée baie Halong Lào Cai Nansha crête pics Ailao Qingkou plan esthétique admirer panorama belvédères Longji Guangxi sangle front charge Xinjie Yunti mariage arrangé fiancés amoureux mariée robe rouge blanche Lao si chuan odeurs mouches étals vendeurs travail charrue araire Laohuzui Shengcun Wangdian Jianshui Zhu Family Garden Hotel ceinture Butou Jinli Nanjie Jianxin Nanjie Jianxin Sichuan Zhu Weiqing Guangxu frères Chengzao Yuan Shikai Xiangmanglou temple de Qufu Kong miào philosophe philosophie religions grand maître Confucius péninsule Shandong lettrés exil perfection hommage jouer joueurs Mah-jong taïchi gymnastique Shiqikong qiao pont Tachong Lujiang chef-d’oeuvre architecture Tuanshan Tushou résidence palais ancienne famille Zhang marchands négociants chevaux familles pauvres expropriation expropriés explusés Huang Lory Yuan riz délices sésame pâtes Lujianghe Lu Jiang toilettes rivière souterraine stalagtites stalagmites colonnes piliers assemblages bois Chao Yang Lou balade pied Jinliman rue avenue ruelle Xianmon Xingmeng Fenghuang district Tonghai Kublai calife abbasside Ibn Affan Xian Zhu Yuanzhang Kubilai Kubilaî famine corruption monuments stèles kiosque chapeau conique paille trigrammes divination du Yi Jing (Yi King) médecin médecine traditionnelle acupuncture taoiste Najiaying céramique golfe persique Yuxi Hongtashan groupe cigarettier porcelaines blanches bleues bleues orgue bambou instruments masque paléontologique archéologiques anthropologie Yangtsé Siddhartha Gautama Vajrayana Bouddhisme tantrique Diamant Illumination Eveil nirvana dharma samsara roue vie Padmasambhava fondateur ordre secte Guru Rimpoche cultes bonpos bons lamaïsme Nyingmapa Bonnets Anciens réformateur Tsongkhapa chef spirituel Dalaï-Lama Panchen Lama Tashilhunpo Shigatsé Sonam Gyatso pouvoir théocratique gouvernement appelé Gaden Phodrang traité de Chö-yon succession Gedhun Choekyi Nyim prisonnier emprisonné indépendance révolt manifestations Gyancain Norbu parti armée révolutionnaire libération nationale Jhator Ciel vautour eau démembré charognards zoroastriens Parsis taôisme voie Lao Tseu Laozi contemporain astrologue astrologie alimentation yin yang Kongfuzi Han Wudi doctrine préceptes principes canons monnaie Bananiers lotus ananas Musella lasiocarpa Xiangyun greniers grains séchoirs Laozhangying tombes tombeaux battage moissons récoltes Yunnanyi Longxinghe Wud sandales Tengchong Baoshan escadrille aviaterécoltes ail oignons indigotier (Indigofera tinctoria) motifs décors ornés Admiration Chongsheng Santa toits empilés pagodes Qian Xun Ta stûpa zedi Chongsheng reliques reliquaires Fengyou période époque combattants célstes démons diables enfers Lokapalas Yakshas Virudhaka Vaisravana Dhritarashtra Virupaksha Juying Chi (étang réflexion) Kai Yi’s Kitchen Lù Shibao Shan Trésor Pierres Jiangchuan Niujiexiang ShibaoShan rupestres gravures effigies Baoxiang chemins randonnées randonneurs mules muletiers Jianhu Lijiang Palace Mu Mus Mexiezhao jade Yulong Xueshan Heilongtan Kailash Pumi Peter Goullart Forgotten Kingdom Jenny Dayechang Dayan Cité Interdite Mosos tunique jupe mille plis guêtres animistes peaux société matriarcale parc jardin Wangulou Guangmen place Sifang Yuhe Voeux Xuyuanpai Noir Yulong Xueshan Alequi Fish Na-Xi Concert Hall Show Ancient Music tambours gongs cymbales luth (pipa) cithare (erhu) flûte traversière (dizi) orchestre dirigé Xuan Ke Yuhu Qin Shi Huang immortels Xu Fu vie éternelle élixir Japon Shingu Kumano cinabre Yorinobu seigneur féodal Kishu hématite longévité Joseph Rock austro-américain géographe Botanise National Geographic Shangri-La ShangriLa Baisha Yufeng fresques Dabaoji chef Tusi bengshi Tuiles Vernissées (Liuli Dian Liuli Gong) Kwan-yin pengshizhi Yingxiang Xin Dajie Fuguo tableau estampes Yulong Haba Mishixiang graines sarrasin infusion tisane Lashihai Yangzi Jiang Jinsha sable méandre courbe coude Shigu Lancang Nu Jiang (Salouen) Thanlwin Myit commémorant Morts Laojunshan voitures Peugeot Porsche Cayenne berlines SUV Volkswagen Santana taxis voitures modèle Jetta grand-mère Yang-tse Hutiào Xiá Saut du Tigre bonjour tashi delek Shambhala Yulong Xue Shan Haba Xue Shan canyon rives rapides Zhongdian drapeaux drapeaux Gyalthang Sakurakim Shangrila Old Town détruites incendie brûlée Deqin Nujiang Mékong Sumtseling Dongzhulin Songzanlin) Chongchonggang Kagyupa Gelupa Gulugpa Baimang Dratsang Tsongkhapa disciples adeptes fidèles pèlerins Damarenqing Kezhujie Samantabhadra, Drolma, Manjusri (Wenshu) Qingba Yama mâlâ égrène chapelet svastikas beurre rance pâtisseries beignets fourrés bol breuvage choux potirons Zhaxidele Baiji Coq Blanc Cent Poulets Guishan Si Zhuangjing Tong moulin géant androgyne Dukezong Qianlong - 2015 ITALIE DU NORD TRENTIN HAUT ADIGE SÜDTIROL LOMBARDIE GRANDS LACS VERONE INSSBRUCK LOCARNO MORAUTHELI Récit de voyage au nord de l''Italie Carnet de voyage nord de l''Italie Récit voyage en Italie nord Carnet voyage en Italie nord MORAUTHELI 2015 ITALIE du nord: Dolce vita italienne Dolomites Grands lacs Südtirol Trentin Haut-Adige Vérone Innsbruck Suisse Autriche Col du Brenner Bergame Brescia Milan Vénétie Dolomites HautAdige Südtirol Tentin Trente Concile Pères Gaule cisalpine Triple Entente traité Saint Germain en Laye WelschTirol Venezia Tridentina italianisation germanophones allemand régime fasciste AnschlussHitler nazi Troisième Reich Bolzano Befreiungsausschuss Südtirol Comité libération indépendance Tyrol Sud statut autonomie région canton Grisons Isarco relief territoire montagneux sillon longitudinal fleuve rivières rude climat PIB falaises vallées systèmes karstiques Déodat Gratet Dolomieu géologue minéralogiste roche calcique carbonate calcium magnésium océan Téthys fin Trias sédiments plissement dépôts Fréjus bénédictine Sacra San Michel Suse Susa pics Pustertal Val di Pusteria Brixen Bressanone Rio Terenten Terento Famille Volgger airbnb domysil billet sites circulation transports San Giorgio langue maternelle école enseignement randonnée Sentiero circolare dei Piramidi di terra e Vecchi mulini Sentier Demoiselles coiffées vieux moulins balade marche promenade Mulini di Terna Cheminées Fées Pyramides terre torrent Terner Maso Flitschlof Lago di Braies Tre Cime di Lavaredo crochet Vénétie Cortina d''Ampezzo Rienza a Per Dolomites Bruneck Brunico Prags Braies Sant Veit Croda del Becco mètres altitude chapelle hôtel Pragser Wildsee cabane ponton pilotis sentiers LandroToblach Dobbiaco parcours Auronzo et Misurina refuges Cima PiccoLocatelli Santissima Trinita Castello Zanna Eisack Isarco BRIXEN Bressanone Grödnertal Val Gardena Neustift NovacelCongrégation chanoines réguliers Saint Augustin Engelsburg Puits merveilles scènes peintes Nicholas Schiel Croce So soleil domus maison dôm Hôtel villas Bianca Convento di Sabiona Sankt Ulrich Ortisei Sant''Ulrico e dell''Epifania del Signore Antoine Cristina Selva WölkensteinCol Grödner Joch Passo  Gadertal Val Badia Ehrenburg Casteldarne Sterzing Vipiteno MERAN Merano BOZEN Bolzano plateau Ritten Renon Reifenstein Castel Tasso Jaufenpass Monte Giovo Passeiertal Val Passiria Saltaüs Saltusio fête tyrolienne costumes chapêaux plume traditionnels Schloss Tirol Castel Tirolo Adige Etschimpératrice Sissi Nicolo Barbara polyptiques Sarentina Chiesa dei Domenicani Giovanni retabpanneaux orgues Soprabolzano Klobenstein Collalbo INNSBRUCK Franzensfeste Fortezza François II Stift Wilten Nostra Signora sotto Quattro Colonne Immaculée Conception avenue MariaTheresienStraße Arc Triomphe Triumphpforte Léopold II Marie-Louise Servitenkirche Joseph AnnasäuSainte Anne Rathaus l''Hôtel vilSpitalskirche Hôpital SaintEsprit Marktgraben Burggraben Golden Dachl Petit Toit d''Or Maximilien Ier balcon somptueuse maison Helbling Hofgasse HofkirchePalais Impérial Kaiserliche Hofburg cénotaphe Godefroy Bouillon Clovis Roi Arthur Artur Chapelle d''Argent Jardin impérial Hofgarten restaurant menu Fischerhausl Herrengfasse Dom Sankt Jakob Saint Jacques Innpont Innbrücke berges rivages Stadtturm beffroi Matrei am Brenner oriels foins fenaison clochers bulbe Ahrntal Val Aurina Tures Aurino éperon rocheux château médiéval Castel Taufers Prettau Predoi Kasern hameau Source Rocher Trinkstein Giorgio Lungo alpinistes Schloss Casanova TRENTO Tridentum Saint Vigile Concile Trente Crucifix concilium assemblée évêques cardinaux prélats protestantisme Martin Luther Calvin ContreRéforme œcuménique Vatican pape papauté guerres Vigilio Bologne Pretorio Palais prétorien résidence fortifiée Neptune Francisco Saverio ordreJésuites fronton reine NeachiDiego LainezVia Rodolfo Belenzani Padergnone Lasino et Arco itinérairetrajet distance Riva del GardaMonte Rocchetta villégiature Lombards Longobardi Pavie capital duché Milan Hohenstaufen communes libres ligues lombarde famille Visconti Sforza Habsbourg Risorgimentosoulèvement irrédentisme Piémontais Piémont Préalpes Magenta Solferino Villafranca province autonome fleuve Pô lacs glaciaires glaciers Ligures et Gaulois berghem Romains Barbares Goths Huns Attila Vandales Lombards Francs Charlemagne BERGAME CittBassa Piazza della Repubblica parti Guelfes Colleoni Rivo Bonghi Gibelins Suardi patrimoine humanité mondial Unesco funiculaire Città Alta Vecchia Nuova fontaine Alvise Contarini Palazzo delRagione palais raison tour torre civica remparts murailfortifications forteresse portes Campanonenuovo Scamozzionovecchio chapellle Colleoni marbre polychrome basilique Santa Maria Maggiore baptistère Lac Garde Lago di Garda Lago di Benaco Limone sul Garda plateau Tremosine panorama rives tunnels Gargnano Toscolano Gardone Salo presqu''île Sirmione Rocca Scaligera Scaligere créneaux Sant''Anna alRocca Lac Majeur Lago Maggiore Verbano Arona château Angera statue creuse bronze Saint Charles Borromée San Calo Borromeo surnommé Sancarlone citadelles sculpteurs sculptures Siro Zanelet Bernardo Falcoli FrédéricAuguste Bartholdi Statue Liberté NewYork Isola isole Borromée IBorromées Belgirate excursion Lago Maggiore Express Stresa IsoPescatori et IsoBelembarcadère bateauRegina Palace villasBavano Verbania et PallanzaIsoSuperiorel''Ile île Pêcheurs gothique romane style époque San Vittore Saint 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pavillons pays World Avenue agriculture développement écologique France Italie Japon Chine Russie Qatar Oman Lac d''Iseo  Lago d''Iseo  Sebino grande île lacustre Italie  Monte Isola Pisogne ville Fazango del Vescovo Tour Evêque Grand Pegul Lovere Comte Luigi Tadini collectionneur art italien fondateurAcadémieBeauxArts bâtiment néoclassique amiral Paolo Emilio Thaon di Revel Sainte Claire Sanctuaire InstitutSœurs Charité V.Emanuele II belvédère sommet vue panoramique in Valvendra Soca Florian Ferramola Saints Faustino Jovita peints San Zenone Passirano Marone Isodi Loreto néogothique Sulzano Sale salle Marasino Taverno Bergamasca Carzano Peschiera Maraglio Ceriola Cure Sensole Castello Oldofredi glaces gelaterie gelateria oratoire Oratorio dei Disciplini Andrea écrivain patriote pays Gabriele Rosa Sarnico MILAN Donato ticket métro ATM tarif prix agglomération Vittorio Emmanuele II chef-d''oeuvre architecture gothique flamboyante ex-æquo ex-voto Napoléon Ier Bonaparte napoléoniennes Toscane Florence Rome Grazie Medeghino mercenaire Gian Giacomo Medici crypte Saint Barthélémy écorché maître-autel Trésor tefano alla Fonti Crucifix d''Alibert Croce di Ariberto d''Intimiano Jacopino da Tradate vitrail vitraux salTintoret peintre Gaspare Vismara Galerie Victor Emmanuel II Scala théâtre lyrique Léonard Vinci - 2015 - JAPON capitale Tokyo Notre guide: Naomichi Récit de voyage au Japon Carnet de voyage au Japon Récit voyage au Japon Carnet voyage au Japon MORAUTHELI zori jika-tabi Yukata kimono tabi geta NéerlandaisKoshichi Tawayara Dôtonbori Minami Namba Shōwa URSS Nagasaki Pearl Harbor Hawai Guomindang Canton Shanghai Nankin Mandchoukou Shōwa Russie Corée Taiwan Mandchourie Philippines Mutsuhito tsuyu akisame cyclones Kanagawa commodore Matthew Perry shogunat Tokugawa Ieyasu Ashikaga Mongols Minamoto Mikado shogun bakufu régents Fujiwara Tohoku Kobe Kubilai Khan Jimmu Amaterasu Ojin Yayoi Yi, Hani Dai Wurm Aïnou période Jomon Tōhoku Kantō Chūbu Kansai Chūgoku métro train Rapid Express Yamanote Shinkansen Japan Railpass Japan Railways Hokusai Hiroshige El Niño typhons pluies réchauffement climatique gai-jin Otori Jade Paravent mangas Stupeur et tremblements Amélie NOTHOMB dames cour Fukushima réacteur énergie électricité centrale Yamato Bouddha Bouddhisme moines prêtres o-jigi san sama consensus chrysanthème sabre avril sakura automne ramen printemps momiji érables feuilles cerisiers fleurs Honshu Hokkaido Kyushu Shikoku en Okinawa Kansaï genkan tsunami Osaka toire hai ie arigato gozaimasu domo arigato gozaimasu gomen nasai sumimasen onegai shimasu hajimemashite ohayo gozaimasu konnichiwa konbanwa oyasuminasai sayonara mata ashita itadkimasu kanpai hashi okome mizu cha (kocha) ryokucha toire en Meiji Taisho Heisei Shiragaraki Nagaoka-kyo Hiejo-kyo Kuni-kyo Kizugawa Asuka Ootsu Jomon Kofun Fukuyama Mahāyāna keijidosha Hatsukaichi shashi-gawara kinshachi shachihoko chiwen Shirasagi-jō podotactile Himeyama Kōkoen Banshu Shamo Nojo JAL Sky Building Dai-Itchi Florentijn Hofman Tadao Ando Kita Umeda Yodo Kumano Kamaikaze Shingu Xu Fu Qin Shi Huang Di Juncus effusus hanao dai ha igusa Miyajima Hiroshima Kyoto Nara Fujisan gofuku Lolita jeunes filles Anglais Français Lacs Ashi Kawaguchi-ko Kamakura Tokyo ikko Chuzen-ji hikikomori sekaini Okinotorishima Senkaku Tōhoku Shinzō Abe Forces japonaises d''autodéfense FJA Shinkansen MacArthur MITI METI Rinno-ji Tosho-gu Taiyuin-byo Futara-san Kegon Asakusa Senso-ji Lusée Edo Hakubustukan Nagoya Mont Norikura-dake Takayama Ogimachi Koumokuten et Tamonten bodhisattvas kondo Chu-mon Nandai-monmacha Todai-ji Ginkaku-ji, Heian-jingu, Fushimi-Inari, Ninna-ji, Chishaku-in, Kodai-ji, Byôdô-in, Eikan-dô, Daitoku-ji Maruyama Hageten Shin Nishi Hongan-ji Higashi Hongan-ji jinrikisha Otowa-no-taki Sakanoue Tamuramaro Kiyomizu DeraKiyomizu Dera kannon tempura Satsuma go kamon horigotatsu Ninjas fenghuang phœnix Nijô Karamon Yoshimitsu tsukubai kuchi Ryôan-ji Kinkaku-ji Myōshin-ji rinzai kapuseru hoteru Jodo Dai-ni Tower Yasaka Matsunoo-taisha Shijo-dori sanmon Chion-in tanukis chiens viverins (Nyctereutes procyonoides) Pontocho Gion Kawaramachi Chang''an geikos Xi''an Little Boy Kurashiki Itarian Viking Pulizia BBQ Kenzō Tange origami Dôme Genbaku no ko no zō Sakado Sasaki Ujina Motoujina Park shochu awamori shinto Dan-no-ura pagode gojū-no-tō stūpa shintoisme cerfs sika (Cervus nippon) torii Itsukushima-jinja Miyajimaguchi Haikai Hokku Basho Haiku Dogen Sugaruma Kanazawa Omicho Kazue-machi Higashi Kenroku-en Naga-machi geisha maiko Sekigahara YSagami Wakamiya Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gū Hachiman Sanetomo ginko biloba Sanetomo Kugyo Hokuzan Namerikawa koto Kaidō Sagami Daruma Shin-ji Ike Koizumi Junsaku ibuki Linear chuo Shinkansen densha-otaku Kencho-ji gozan Daigaku Zenji Tanuki-mon Bonshō Hōjō Butsuden Senju-Kannon danka seido tennösei Tsuru, Otsuki, Uenohara Otsuki Maglev kakebuton futon shikibuton tanto ren et li yi xin zhi cheng ryokan Ryōbu shintō Kūkai sensei yosegi-kaeizu Hakone-Machi-ko Ashinoko Hakone-jinja Seki-sho fumerolles Owakudani Togendaiko Kokka shinto caldeira Hakone Izu shinbutsu shūgō korokke Nagita wasabi Yaizu Hamana bundai ou chabudai zabuton agura wo kaku seiza Candeo Hotel Yorono-taki yuba Aspergillus flavus var. oryzae kōji-kin amidon Piago Handa Shop Hanakomichi Konishicho Handa Onishi Aijira Tenri Kenkyukai ratooning rice Tenri Honmichi oshinobu Pindola Bharadraja ou Binzuru arhats Kasuga Taisha matsuri Setsubun Mantoro Obon Mantoro Kasugayama Shikinen zôtai Kofuku-ji Fujiwara-kyo Hijo-kyo (Nara) Fujiwara no Kamatari Kiyonori Kikutake Nihonbashi théâtre kabuki Nakamuraza nabemono Hakubustukan Ryōgoku Kokugikan sukiyaki shintô Asakusa-jinja Sanja Sama Sanja Matsuri,sumos Katsura Chugushi Keihan Ginshachi shimenawa nemuri-neko Yomei-mon  kana hiragana katakana kanji Omizuya Mizaru Iwazaru Kikazaru Omote-mon ou Nio-mon Nio Shinyosha hanzi Chan Hidetada Ishidorī Gojūnotō daimyio Rinnō-ji Shōdō Shōnin Amida, Senju-Kannon Sanbutsudō Shōyō-en Sorinto Homotsuden Joso Kinugawa Kasukabe, Koga, Toshigi, Kanuma Tone Kinugawa Koshigaya Tōbu nihongo Zaibatsu Hachiko Kototoi-dori Love Hotels Shibuya Crossing Jingumae Omote-sando Kiddy Land Oriental Bazaar Altea Plaza Softbank robot Pepper Aldebaran Gothic Lolitas Chuo Sumitomo Building, Mitsui Building, Keio Plaza Hotel et NS Building Mode Gakuen Cocoon Tower Takeshita-dori Unagi no kabayaki Awashima Hokyoin-to Tatsumi-ya Avalokiteshvara Guānyīn mikesai Nijubashi Skytree Shitamachi Senso-ji Kaminarimon Hōzōmon Nakamise-dori Joukoro Kototoi-dori Uotami azuki uki yaki mochi Ueno japonica Rakuzo  Sanco Inn Tsuruma ou Tsurumai Gokiso Biyo Toyotomi Minamoto no Yoritomo, bushi bushidō Shoku Nihongi wushi saburau buke kuge Toyotomi Hideyoshi Oda Nobunaga Mode Gakuen Nikken Sekkei Ryounkaku Uguisudani hanami Aum Shinrikyō Chiyoda, Marunouchi et Hibiya Sotokanda Akihabara Tsukiji Aneda, Minaoto ku Ginza Tapas Taps Amida Gojū-no-tō Tō-kondō Nan''endō Hokuendō Chū-kondō hirahata achiki Kannon Aizen-do Aizen Myōō Maha Vairocana Godai-do Fudo, Kosanze, Gundari, Daiitoku et Kongoyasha-myōō Jizô Ôjizô-sama Cercis siliquastrum Sanjūsankasho Utaga-hama Bandō Daiyagawa Chuzenji-ko Yukawa Akechidaira Icha Asian Grill Nagasaka Shinkyo Yamasugeno-jabashi Daiya manju daifuku Haiden Okunoin pinyin Futara-san jinja Ōkuninushi, Takiribime et Ajisukitakahikone Chuzen-ji Mont Nantai Yasha-mon ou Botan-mon Umarokya (bleue) Kendara (blanche) Abastumara (verte) et Bidara rouge) Taiyu-in-byo Iemitsu Nio-mon Niten-mon Jikoku Komoku Bisha-mon ZochoJinja Maruyama Inari Maiden hinzen shiki kannushi miko Kazue-machi Kaga Toshiie Maeda Ohori-dori Chaya kimusuko Asanogawa Ohashi Naka-no Hashi Higashi magasin Hakuza Hikarigura takenoko shiitake binzasara waraji makura Caffe Karyudo Kamitaira Nanto inekari koï Doburoku momi genmai hakumai doburoku uruchimai mochigome Vigna angularis sakazuki koshihikari et akitakomachi Morus alba L. Broussonetia papyrifera Shokawa washi Ainokura Shirakawa et Gokayama Gassho-zukuri yukatabira Gion Matsuri Chichibu Matsuri haori  tokonoma shōjigami oshiire washitsu Seiryu Nakabashi Takayama Kami Nomachi, Kami Sannomachi akadaru ou kazaridaru sakabayashi Marishiten-dake Tsurugaike Fujimi-dake Hida Mae-Hotaka, Kita-Hotaka, Karasawa-dake, Yarigatake, Oku-Hotaka terminus Tatami-daira yoshiki washlet Hongu Ginrei Zhuang et Baiyun Zhuang onsui senjô benza Koban Nohi Hirayu / Shin-otaka line Honokidaira seiketsu JR Limited Express Wide Gifu Gero Nagara Oasis21 Hideki Casai d''Obayashi Corporation, Spaceship Aqua Suehiro Sakae Nakanokuchibeya, Genkan Oroka Nagoya-jô Kisoji N''EX (Narita Express) Sunroute myrica rubra Shoya hanakatsuo karebushi kezurikatsuo Onosho mono no fu komo koga rōnin eta hinin yamabushi shugendō yagura SHashizume-ichi-no-mon Kahokuzaka Kahoku Saigawa Naga-machi Nomura Takada Sanjikken nagaya Kenrokumachi Kenroku-en Kasumigaike yukitsuri Nishiki shabu-shabu kishimen yuzu gomadare ponzu nabe shuan yangrou Yuan Wakamiya-oji jinrikisha shari neta makizushi nori Gin no sara demae aga renkon Kanazawa Hongan-ji Danmaya Suisan Tsuzumi-mon Aokusa-machi Omicho-Ichiba Mystays mino zushi Honmaru Owari kinshachi ou shachihoko Ninomaru Shoin Kano Sadanobu et Kano Tanyu fusuma - 2016 - Inde du nord, vallées sacrées du Gange et de la Yamuna entre Delhi et Bénarès (Varanasi) Guides: Mahipal, Hanuman et Sohan Récit de voyage en Inde du nord, vallée du Gange Carnet de voyage en Inde du nord, vallée du Gange Récit voyage en Inde du nord, vallée du Gange Carnet voyage en Inde du nord, vallée du Gange Uttar pradesh Madhya Pradesh AGRA Agra taj Mahal Empire Moghol Mughal Nâdir Shâh Jahan Muntaz Mahal empereur Akbar Jahangir Aurangzeb pietra dura marbre blanc noir patrimoine mondial humanité UNESCO palais mausolée pavillon temple pavillon Diwan-I Am cénotaphes tombeaux chhatris minarets funéraire portail pistakh épouses concubines chapiteaux consoles grès rouge spectacle Kalakriti Cultural & Convention Center bollywood coupoles dômes GWALIOR Gwalior Shvetahuna royaumes rajputes rajpoutes statues monolithiques Tirthankaras jains Man Mandir Rao Man Singh clan Tomar Chandella temple Bandichor Gurdwana guru gourou Sikhs Hargobind Teli-ka Mandir lignée Shisodia Rathor râja Padmapâla frère Mahîpâla Sas-Bahu Teli-ka-Mandir grottes temples rupestres prophète Adinath Mahâvîra réincarnation transmigration mantras prières pardon éveil moksha Jai Vilas lustres Datia palais Govind colline citadelle fort forteresse Rajgarh ORCHHA Orchha castes varna jati ruines vestiges dieux jungle dévotion divinité dieux déités Vishnu Vishnou shikhara Jhansi Shiva Kshastriyas nobles Vaisays dalits Intouchables discriminations tribus populations tribales constitution Bundelâ Bundelkhand fleuve rivière affluent Rudra Pratap Singh capitale Tikamgarh Orchhâ architecture construit bâti édifié défaite victoire Chaturbhuj temples sanctuaire saint des saints Bir Singh Deo raja maharaja rao Lakshmi Narayan Ramayana barattage mer lait shikhara KHAJURAHO Khajuraho temples érotiques Kamasutra sexe sacré nudité statues pornographique nues nus orgie orgiaque dimorphisme sexuel ambivalence Kâma Manmatha chef Eros Brâhma Tantra tantriques postures positions caresses préliminaires Pârvatî védisme amour grâce beauté nymphes courtisanes Padmini amantes embrassent copulation coit aphrodisiaques art masturbation fellation cunnilingus missionnaire levrette 69 cuillères enclume roseau charrue Andromaque union crabe grand 8 suspendue sodomie zoophilie Varâha avatars démon Hiranyaksh nagas génies Lakshmana rajâ Chandelâ Yasovarman incestueux Linga lingam forme phalliques phallux pénis vulve lèvres clitoris bouche sexe féminin yoni Krishna désir accouplements souvent acrobatiques exploits partenaires postures bestiales triviales formes voluptueuses courbes sensuelles désirs séduction attributs beauté jeux amoureux shakti Narasimha Kandarya-Mahadeva Vidyadhara Devi Jagadamba déesse Devî tétons aréoles mamelons pubis mont vénus shakhas médaillons registres panneaux panthéon Mahâbharata Râmâyana frises gopis naïves bergères jouant flûte grandes épopées scènes reliefs tantrika prostitution plaisir 64 positions amoureuses caste Mallinga Vatsyayana maîtres Bhabhravya Gotamukha Gonikputra aninaux mythiques féminité masculinité adhikaranas texte obscène immoral mariages unionsjains Parshvanath parc Panna jeep Mahindra tigre Bengale Panthera tigris tigris forêt singes langurs gris langurs antilopes nilgaut Boselaphus tragocamelus vaches bleues sambars Cervus unicolor Rusa unicolor chitals cerfs axis Axis axis cervidés tortues étoilées Inde Geochelone elegans gavial Gange Gavialis gangeticus rivière Ken léopard indien Panthera pardus fusca lynx sangliers cascades Pandav Pandava VARANASI Bénarès Varanasi crémation incinération Ghâts Maa Ganga Mère Gange impur purifier pollué pollution bain se baigner baignade libérer âme défunts morts cadavre macabre spectacle bûcher bois feu enflammer prières prêtres transewer égout Varuna Asi aéroport Lal Bahadur Shastri arti Aarti Godowlia mendiants pauvres pèlerins pèlerinage marches escaliers sâdhus renonçants barques coupelles bougies Dashashwamedh Vishwanath autelsbrâhmanes foule fidèles flammes fumées odeurs couleurs bruits embouteillage trishaw rickshaw tuk tuk Ahalya Bai Munshi Rana Raja Someshwara Manasarowar Kedar Harishchandra immersion Man Mandir Lalita Manikarnatika Doms concessionnaires Scindia Ghât rani satis veuves sacrifice vieille ville Chowk oratoires Skanda Purana écrit Gyanvapi Masjid Panchganga émeutes mutinerie Révolte des Cipayes thé lait épices chaiwallah  Durga Shri Guru Ravidass campus Université Babaras Hindu University Bharat Kala Bhavan Durgakund musée Bharat Mata Mandir Shiv Prasad Gupta Durga Prasad Khatri Mahatma Gandhi SARNATH site bouddhique sermon prêche naissance Lumbini Bodh Gaya éveil illumination Kushinagar nirvana communauté Shanga doctrine Dharma croyances décès brahmanisme Jagat Singh dîvân ministre pradakshina) ombrelle Stupa DharmarajikaColonne Pilier d''Ashoka Mulagandha Kuti Vihara reliquaire Dhamek Dharma Chakra monastère Chaukhandi Bhadravargiya métier Jacquard quartier de Godoulia Jalsain cinq éléments linceul civière cendres sanyasin combustion brûlés DELHI Patna Pataliputra royaumes rivaux Pallava Ska Vakataka MagadhaChera Chola Pandya Gupta Patan Ujjain Kânauj Pala Chalukya Qûtb ud-Dîn Aibak dynastie Esclaves Mamelouks Muizzî Khalji Tughlûq Sayyîd Sikandâr Lodî Dilli Sher Shahi Shahjahanabad invasion afghano-moghole Lal Kot Qila Rai Pithora Siri Tughlaqabad Jahanpanah Ferozabad Dinpanah Purana Qila Shahjahanabad New Delhi Shanti Vana Meena Urdu bazar bazaar iwan salle prière cour haram minbar plutôt petit mihrab Patel Gali Dariba Kalan Chandni CHowk Gurudwara Bangla Sahib Gourou Harkrishan doctrine Maharaja Ranjît Singh Amritsar massacre incendie 5K Khalsa sikhs amritdaris Kesh Kangha Kachera turban pagri Kawra Kirpan keski chuni Bhagat Giani Zail Montek Singh Ahluwalia Manmohan Langar cantine communautaire Granth repas bénévoles donateurs repas gratuits Sri Aurobindo ashram CNG Compressed Natural Gas Ala-i-Minar Mehrauli Quwwat ul-Islam Dhilî Râi Pithora architecture Ghurid pylône Chandragupta II script Brahmi Qutb Minar versets Coran calligraphiés cannelures encorbellements muqarnas Îltutmish Fîrûz Shâh Tughlûq Ala-i-Darwaza Imam Zamin kbar Adham KhanMughal Jewels & Crafts triporteurs - 2016 - MALTE nos guides: David, Fabricia, Maria, Jacqueline - 0 -néolithique indépendance Royaume-Uni Angleterre Anglais Français Italiens Siciliens Tunisiens Arabes musulmans islam religion Sicile Italie Tunisie Maghreb achipel maltais îles Malte Gozo immigration colonisation Phéniciens Romains Grecs comptoirs navires flotte navigation ère chrétienne civilisation préhistorique Préhistoire populations vague culture agriculture éleveurs outils âge du bronze fer acier port se Méditerranée bateaux galères colonies Carthage langue sémitique Normands Empire jihad djihad calife Aghlabides Fatimides Ifriqiya archéologie Mdina Medina Rabat citadelle faubourgs vassaux Byzance byzantins berbères esclaves chrétiens pillage razzias dhimmis abid Comte Roger Croisades croisés Saint-Empire romain germanique Anjou Aragon Maltais Espagne juifs pape Clément VII Charles Quint villes remparts fortifications fossés douves murs épidémie de peste Turcs ottomans Constantinople Istanbul Grand Siège 1565 1530 soldats troupe armée Marsaxlokk Jean Parisot de La Valette hommes pertes Chevaliers Bataille de Lépante guerres puniques Patras Venise Vénitiens bataille navale vaisseaux défaite victoire janissaires triple voeu: chasteté, pauvreté et obéissance Révolution française confiscation biens Bonaparte Napoléon Campagne d''Egypte rade mouillage criques souveraineté dissout réformes abolition de l''esclavage Inquisition Roi de Naples britanniques Hospitaliers traités d''Amiens de paris et de Vienne chantiers navals exploitation coloniale émeutes révoltes constitution Seconde Guerre Mondiale Deuxième Mussolini offensive bombardements position stratégique ravitaillement canal de Suez Victoria Cross George Cross maisons édifices morts victimes blessés détruites rasées drapeau défaite 1942 1943 général Rommel alternance nationaliste conservateurs travaillistes partis politiques Commonwealth République Présidente Premier Ministre démocratie libérale 1964 1974 1987 Chambre des députés mandat élections LP PN Joseph Muscat Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca Libye Céphalonie Afrique du Nord Europe Moyen-Orien ''''Botte'''' conteneurs cargots Gzzejjer taSan Pawl St Paul St Luc naufrage jugement Rome Commo Kemmuna Cominotto Kemmunett Ta'' Dmejrek point culminant Histoire géographie géologie sous-continent, l''Apulie épôts de calcaire tendre coquillages fossiles craie 90 millions d''années océan Téthys Alpes collision surrection plaques tectoniques Crétacé Miocène Pliocène relief karstique sismique calanques érosion hydraulique cours d''eau ruisseaux wied oued Chadwick Lakes nappe phréatique saumure dessalement usine osmose climat sec sécheresse aride aridité pluviométrie ensoliellement végétation maquis démographie fécondité Union européenne densité élevée espérance de vie hommes femmes enfants ethnique religions catholicisme romain communauté étrangère etrangers population maghrébine Espace Schengen émigration Lampedusa Somaliens, Erythréens toponymes et patronymes parlers dialectaux siculo-arabes dialectes ifriqiyen alphabet latin insulaires habitants activité active PIB revenu Commission européenne nationalité privatisation entreprises banques adhésion Union européenne en 2004 collaboration URSS Chine négociations référendum Zone euro en 2008 ressources alimentaires agriculture énergie commerce extérieur déficit balance des échanges fret maritime industries main-d''œuvre productive impôts finances fiscalité attrayante touristes tourisme budgétaire chômage inflation seuil de pauvreté critères de Maastricht Jekk joghgbok M''hemmx mn''hiex - 1 - pèlerinages libérer lieux saints Jérusalem royaume États latins d''Orient ordre de Saint-Jean marchands amalfitains hôpitaux patronage de St Jean-le-Baptiste frères moines laïcs convers soins aux malades concile de Troyes en 1129 guerre sainte Reconquête ibérique prêtres ou chapelains statuts frères d''armes ordre religieux-militaire Templiers forteresse de Bethgibelin Krak des Chevaliers Saladin Saint-Jean-d''Acre grand maître de l''Ordre, Jean de Villiers Terre sainte pour s''installer à Chypre Rhodes conquise la chrétienté contre les Sarrasins Philippe le Bel Mehmed II et Soliman le Magnifique trahison du grand chancelier d''Amaral Philippe de Villiers de L''Isle-Adam l''empereur Charles Quint déménage Barberousse  1529 Alger Tripoli noblesse société castes familles nobles aristocates guerre de course pirates corsaires 1792 1798 l''abdication Ferdinand de Hompesch  Paul Ier de Russie Rome Sun Flower Fabricia marques de voitures véhicules trajet trafic pluie températures sources récupération réservoir sources norias irrigation tours de guet Défenses paysans attaques signaux de fumée Marfa forteresses Marsalform oliviers vignoble oliveraies coton vergers d''agrumes amandiers caroubiers c^priers câpres acacias Libye allergies Naxxar, Birguma, Msida (avec l''Université), Marsa et enfin, Floriana faubourg le Grand port presqu''île de Xiberras Contre-Réforme catholique protestants baroque rococo moderne patrimoine mondial de l''humanité univers UNESCO inscrit classé république tours globigérine moucharabieh Opéra théâtre bow-windows balcons oriels Ste-Catherine d''Italie et à Notre-Dame de la Victoire statues Auberge de Castille et Léon jardins d''Upper Barraca panorama belvédère les Trois Cités batterie de canons Merchants Marchands Castellania façade co-cathédrale Episcopat séculier horloge cadrans diable nef chapelles voûte en berceau pavement marbre polychrome marqueterie marqueté boiseries chaire orgues dorures or fin Nicolas Cotoner et Ramon Perellos Antonio Manoel de Vilhena Manoel Pinto da Fonseca vestibule musée princes Altesse Eminentissime l''Oratoire tableaux peintres Caravage (Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio) St-Jérome Fra Michel Angelo livres enluminés et des vêtements sacerdotaux brodés Auvergne Provence Allemagne Bavière Catalogne Navarre Castille Portugal célèbre café, le Caffe Cordina reine Victoria Palais des Grands Maîtres ou Palais Magistral maître d''oeuvre en est le même, Gerolama Cassar porches cours intérieures alcôves blasons armoiries Salle du Trône chambre antochambre Salle des Ambassadeurs Tapisseries (des Gobelins) restaurant Il-Gifen Saint-Paul-le-Naufragé (St-Paul Shipwrecked) bragioli, des paupiettes de boeuf heurtoirs de portes Sacra Infermeria Bastion St-Lazare Ricasoli court-métrage Malta Experience Fontaine des Tritons quais Lascaris embarcadère écoliers île Manoel Sliema Notre-Dame-du-Mont-Carmel archevêché (Triq L-Arcisqof) Aaron''s Kitchen Palais Archiépiscopal Stuffat Tal Fenek ou Fenkata, un copieux ragout de lapin établissement fréquenté piazza plazza Palazzo Carniero Casa Rocca Piccola hôpital Bighi Kalkara rues Lvant et Ste-Ursule Porte - 2 - Machrek bassin Abu ''l-Gharaniq Muhammad II ibn Ahmad sultan émir 870 fouille archéologues archéologie libérer liberté rahal, domaine terrien barons Frédéric II expulse convertis conversion communauté Islamic Cultural Centre Tripoili Mouammar Kadhafi Maria mini croisière Gzira salam Sliem ghalik Marija ferrys ferries compagnie Captain Morgan Cruises Sea Below base sous-marine Creek ou Lazaretto Pieta Elisabeth II Baie San-Elmo Barriera jardins et ascenseur d''Upper Barraca paquebots de croisière sont accostés Paola cales sèches commerce Isla, l''ancienne Senglea Claude de La Sengle échauguette Il-Gardjola Birgu, l''ancienne Vittoriosa décor de films et accueille les Studios Cinématographiques Tigné navette traversier Toni sites Vittoriosa (Il-Burgu), Bormla (Cospicua) et Senglea (L-isla) e Marc''Antonio Zondadari Xatt Juan-Bautista Azopardo Claude de la Sengle Citta Invicta Jean Parisot de La Valette rues Pawlu-Boffa et il-Mina-il-Kbira ruelles Jean L''Evesque de La Cassière Grégoire XIII cardinaux Paolo Passionei Hilda Tabone Misrah-ir-Rebha apparat Lorenzo Gafa Ste-Croix Saint Laurent, martyr chrétien espagnol Xatt il-Form ou Xatt ir-Rizq Marine barque dghajsa Carnival Cruise Line (CCL) Constellation Celebrity Cruises - 3 - scolarité études école niforme obligatoire cantine gratuite cours dispensés primaire secondaire maternelle collège baccalauréat université vacances scolaires grève durée hebdomadaire de travail est de 40 heures jours fériés salaire minimum moyen retraite pension taux de cotisations sociales impôts taxe foncière ni de taxe d’habitation ni de droits de succession mais une TVA formation loyer des logements sociaux hôpitaux publics système de santé obésité l''Eglise et la famille mères célibataires adoption mariage arrangé avortement divorce séparation adoption mariage gay tradition nataliste procréer procréation FIV prostitution racolage cohabitation concubinage NAXXAR: Palazzo Parisio Jacqueline Profession de Foi Premières Communions Fête-Dieu Marquis Scicluna pavillon de chasse les marbres viennent de Carrare ou de Sienne escalier monumental corridor salons tableaux galerie armures salle de bal apothéose flore jardin botanique espèces exotiques tropicales Amérique Asie Afrique Ceiba speciosa (ou Ceiba speciosa, de la même famille que le baobab ou le kapokier), le Erythrina crista-galli Sapindus saponaria festas processions course place avenue allée boulevard Peace Band Club jolies demeures MOSTA Ste-Marie (N-D de l''Assomption) au dôme imposant Rotunda de Sta Marija Assunta Georges Grognet Rotonde bombe détonateur coupole ex-votos exvoto ATTARD: jardins et palais San-Anton ornementaux Gouverneur Sir Arthur Borton sculptures sculptures volières et serres d''orchidées fontaines palmiers, cyprès, jacarandas, araucarias, bougainvillées palmier bas Sago du Japon (Cycas revoluta), pied d''éléphant (Beaucarnea recurvata) et autres plantes exotiques ou non: rosiers, yuccas, fleurs de Noël, œillets, pamplemoussiers Argotti Shakespeare Festival chaque été et des récitals de musique de chambre ou de jazz Antoine de Paule maison de campagne résidence d''été maison de campagne têtes couronnées la reine Marie de Roumanie, l''impératrice de Russie Marie Feodorovna, le roi Edouard VII Mikiel Anton Vassalli francophilie TA''QALI: village d''artisanat verre soufflé Mdina Glass céramique et poterie Bristow Potteries orfèvrerie en filigrane d''argent Musée Wignacourt, Grotte de St-Pal, catacombes St-Augustin (Santu Wistin) Ste-Marie-Mère-de-Jésus (Ta''Giezu) Bottegin Palazzo Xara dessert imqaret maqrut pâte de dattes amandes liqueur de bajtra, de figue de Barbarie collégiale St-Paul sur le parvis Alof de Wignacourt Chapelains lieu de culte privé collections Francesco Catania Croix de Malte à 8 pointes huit trésor reliques rosaire urn châsse vitrine Neapolitan Bambino Mattia Preti, Antoine Favray et Francesco Zahra gouverneur romain Publius guérison miraculeuse miracles ermite espagnol Juan Benegas de Cordoba Jean-Paul II et Benoît XVI paléochrétiennes hypogées labyrinthe niches ou loculi abris antiaériens Sainte Agathe de Catane païens fresques MDINA, cité du silence Zondadari parcs hôtels particuliers villas Mesquita stratagème assaillants assaut décisif Howard Gardens, des jardins-promenade Porta Real l''ingénieur français Charles François de Mondion tremblement de terre général Masson l’un des ensembles architecturaux embuscades à l''ennemi architecture siluco-normande (ou sicilo-normande) Casa Inguanez, du cloître des bénédictines Palazzo de Piro Fontanella tea garden Fontanella tea garden siècles Falzon prieuré des Carmélites l''Annonciation et la chapelle St-Roque Sofia Gourgion style éclectique néogothique pierres tombales Mattia Preti - 4 - Marsaxlokk anse sirocco Mustapha Pacha Piyali, amiral de la flotte gondoles barques luzzu luzzijiet œil phénicien à tort œil d''Horus ou d''Osiris oculus Birzebbuga Playmobil SIGGIEWI The Limestone Heritage pierre chaux constructions bâtiments roches sédimentaires couleurs patine couche dépôts accumulation calcaire corallien évolution des techniques d''extraction carrière carrier mécanisation scies camion Dodge D15 tapis roulant élévateur cabane de pierre sèche girma encorbellements matrone artiste britannique Mark Verry falaise de Dingli itinéraire pittoresque Buskett Garden Onorato Visconti Angelo Dorini Verdala Palace Dingli Cliffs île de Filfla îlot abruptes Ste-Marie-Madeleine précipices radôme radar Hugues Louvens de Verdalle L-Imnarja, la fête fêtes familiales, réceptions de mariage, concerts et autres évènements STMicroelectronics située à Kirkop QRENDI mais tout près de Zurrieq moulin à vent , connu sous le nom de Tax-Xarolla meules Wied iz-Zurrieq vallon encaissé pêcheurs des promenades en mer Blue grotto (Taht il-Hejja grottes Grotte Bleue couleurs phosphorescentes cyanobactéries a cucina di Bettina les temples mégalithiques de Hagar Qim et de Mnajdra soleil de plomb Skorba, Ta'' Hagrat et Tarxien hypogée de Hal Saflieni accueil exposition film animation intempéries structure métallique recouverte d''une bâche desquamation des blocs Hagar Qim rilithon ou trilithes piliers ou orthostates linteau tables ou autels époque ouvertures plan polylobé en trèfle sacrifices d''animaux, des holocaustes et des rituels d''oracles solstice d''été absides bétyles pierres sacrées idoles monde arabe sexe masculin féminin statuette Vénus Musée archéologique J.-G. Vance gravures en spirales pierres piquetées d''indentations observatoire observation astronomique ou de calendrier - 5 - Xemxija et Meillieha Bay plage Ghadira Selmun Palace Popeye Village, un décor de film parc de loisirs Cirkewwa Blue Lagoon aux eaux turquoises baigneurs et estivants domination Nadur Mgarr Ghajnsielem localité géants Xaghra temples de de Ggantija monumentales Cairn de Barnenez dans le Finistère superficie dimensions figurines blocs parfaitement équarris menhirs domens cromlec''h tessons de poteries mur d''enceinte Fliegu hippodrome sémaphore de Ta''Kenuna Ghaxaq et Gharghur blé, l’orge, les oignons, les pommes de terre, les fraises murets haies vallée de Kercem voûte Ghajn il-Kbira Fontana Cottage Industry boutique magasin souvenirs Sacré-Coeur Wied ix-Xlendi station balnéaire lovée au fond d''une anse Théâtre Astra collines reboisements L-Ghasri L-Gharb Dwejra Bay: Azure Window et Fungus Rock Triq id-Dwejra, dans la localité de San Lawrenz mer intérieure nommée Inland Sea effondrement tunnel naturel Blue Hole cheminée plongeurs spot emblématique  La Fenêtre d''Azur Victoria (Rabat) aqueduc des fermes Ir-Rabat Ghawdex Ta''Savina Nativité de Marie Hôtel de Ville (Kunsill Lockali) le montage Gozo 360° Gran Castello Sinan Pacha basilique St-Georges bronze moule de John L. Grima Gian Battista Conti Giuseppe D''Arena dais maître-autel Pietru Pawl Azzopardi Santucci meses et office quotidiens franciscains Triq Sant''Indrija (St-André) étal étalage devanture Sicile Cap Carbonara Corse - 2016 - CYCLADES nos guides Nicolas David et Philippe récit de voyage, carnet de bord, carnet de route, gastronomie cuisine nourriture climat patrimoine mondial humanité universel UNESCO, d''Aristote, de Sophocle, de Pythagore, de Périclès, de Phidias, d''Homère ou d''Ulysse, climat méditerranéen , culture des oliviers, Péloponnèse, Mont Olympe, Grèce antique et Grèce byzantine, ROMAINE, BYZANTINE, CROISADES, OTTOMANE, dans le Péloponnèse, Cnossos... récits homériques, guerres médiques (Perses), les Athéniens ,guerre puissance de la Macédoine Alexandre le Grand Civilisation Minoenne en Crète et dans d''autres îles méandres grecs, Mésopotamie et Phénicie , La grande sculpture grecque , le kouros (jeune homme nu debout au repos) et la koré (jeune fille drapée), drapé mouillé, poteries et vases, L''ordre dorique, L''ordre ionique, colonnes à cannelures , chapiteau corinthien à feuilles d''acanthe, l''architrave, la voûte et de l''arc dans l''architecture, les Empires romains d’Occident et d’Orient, Byzance, Constantinople et Istanbul, Constantin converti au christianisme le Grand Schisme d’Orient la naissance de l’orthodoxie, la vénération d''icônes, les iconoclastes les Croisés puis par les turcs de Mehmet II, le Canal de Corinthe de la Mer Ionienne, à l''ouest, à la Mer Egée, à l''est, remarquable théâtre antique l''arc de décharge, la guerre de Troie dans l''Iliade et l''Odyssée, Achille et Hector le troyen, Pénélope, un joli port les Francs puis les Vénitiens à l''époque des Croisades, à flanc de colline, à l''ombre d''une forteresse , la pression croissante des Ottomans, ICONOSTASES et EX-VOTO, POPES, NONNES, la Voie sacrée, classicisme dans la sculpture et la plastique, Propylées, artisanat artisans culture civilisation coutumes traditions histoire historiques géographie géographiques sites monuments paysages costumes langues linguistique dialectes folklore folkloriques traditionnelles habitat habitations déesse Athéna, théâtre antique à Dionysos l''Odéon romain, l''Agora que domine le Temple Vestiges temple de l''Antiquité , la dictature des colonels (Georgios Papadopoulos), Costas Caramanlis et Andréas Papandréou Archipel des îles Cyclades Néolithique obsidienne Milo Milos Asie mineure âge du bronze idoles de marbre de Paros statues modernité tombes tombeaux sépultures millénaire l''Attique petits royaumes guerriers s''organise à partir de Mycènes récits homériques Doriens et Ioniens sanctuaire cités indépendantes Perses (appelés Mèdes) deux guerres médiques première Ligue de Délos roi perse Xerxès trières rade de Salamine, la flotte tribut Philippe II de Macédoine contre la Phocide le règne de Philippe II pirates Asie Mineure querelles théologiques christianisme catholicisme Infidèles musulmans Terre Sainte quatrième croisade, en 1204, république de Venise, Vénitiens États féodaux (duché de Naxos doge les Turcs puissance turque et ottomane grecques amiral Barberousse Barbarossa Sublime Porte tribut occupation gouvernement patriarche évêque soulèvements nationalistes suscités par les Russes traité d''Andrinople accordant son indépendance à la Grèce 1981 Communauté économique européenne (C.E.E., rebaptisée Communauté européenne en 1992 et Union Européenne en 1993) laxisme intégration Zone euro 2001 JO 2004 une grave crise budgétaire a crise migratoire péninsule des Balkans 24 îles sont habitées Syros capitale administrative tectonique des plaques continentales tremblements de terre secousses séismes climat méditerranéen aux étés secs mariage avortement IVG espérance de vie pays d''immigration le phénomène migratoire chômage SMIC religions deux Églises orthodoxes autocéphales superstition mauvais oeil mati talisman endettement abyssal autarcie et d''autosuffisance banques système bancaire une fiscalité défaillante mariée à la corruption cadastre dilapidation prévarication secteur secondaire tertiaire PIB PNB éonomie souterraine boom économique envolée des prix de l''immobilier la crise qui sévit depuis 2008 Tinos le port du Pirée des consortiums chinois touristes destination touristique des mesures d''austérité draconiennes pays émergents les PIGS: Portugal, Irlande, Grèce et Espagne Spain fuite des capitaux catalogue Héliades à l''horizon mythes mythologie croyances cultes une architecture typique de maisons blanches et d''églises aux dômes le plus souvent bleu azur les hordes de touristes et les grandes chaleurs ferries et parfois des bateaux rapides bus locaux le vieux port d''Ormos 212 mètres de dénivelée gastronomie nourriture mets plats auberge restaurant tavernes taverna mezzés euilles de vignes farcies, tarama tzatziki yaourt feta, fava pita sanswich grec galette ou pain moussaka magirevta brochettes (souvli) psari poissons vin au kilo ou litre poulpes, calamars, anchois, maquereau frais ou séché au soleil (gouna) dorade, sardine fromage feta boissons (pota) vins locaux ouzo anis desserts (glyka) boulangeries pâtisseries confiseries zaharoplastio gâteaux à la crème, baklavas ou zadaïf, agmydalota (bouchées aux amandes), loukoums ou halva (nougats) SANTORIN Théra Sainte Irène Santa Irini, nom qui évolue en Santo Rini puis Santorini escouades de quads bateaux de croisières grève des ferries maisons blanches blanchies à la chaux, terrasse, réservoirs et citernes un climat ensoleillé, très venteux et sec l''éruption cataclysmes cône volcanique mythe de l''Atlantide et de celui des dix plaies d''Égypte diamètre et les cendres volcaniques diamètre et les cendres volcaniques AKROTIRI: la vue sur la caldeira, le village perché, le site archéologique préhistorique, la Plage Rouge (Red Beach) les uns en circuit et d''autres en séjour hôtel Atlantida cuisine typique, copieuse, et variée gros haricots blancs (ou yigandes) à la sauce tomate la domination latine nom de La Ponta la conquête turque la forteresse du Goulas marche et balade randonnées les sarments de vigne et les grappes de raisin de la sécheresse et des vents violents l''Assyrtiko vatriété un vin blanc doux, le Vinsanto, câpriers boutons floraux ou caprons Nicals Savid et Philippe nos guides, la civilisation cycladique, rues pavées dalles rue des Telchines fouilles un haut degré de civilisation blocs de tuf ateliers boutiques salles de bains à l''étage, reliées à l''égout mosaïques fresques des scènes de la vie de tous les jours pêcheur de dorades scènes des marines et des paysages coryphènes la pierre ponce et la pouzzolane construction toit et toiture hangar archéologues St-Helens Vésuve Pompéi décombres fuite fuir coulées pyroclastiques, refroidissement climatique la cave Venetsanos à Megalochori, PYRGOS Kallistis Tourde Kallisté le rocher de Skaros stockage de l''eau de pluie une usine de désalinisation d''eau de mer produit l''essentiel de l''eau courante un labyrinthe de ruelles concentriques, coupoles bleu azur ou grenat représentations du Christ pantocrator inspirées de l''art byzantin le Jugement Dernier le kastro (ou kastelli) enceinte fortifications muraille des grottes et des ermitages le monastère fortifié Profitis Elias le prophète Elie panorama belvédère point de vue vignobles un village pittoresque et authentique muscat un jeu de cartes ou tavli (backgammon) Venetsanos Winery route en lacets serrés vue plongeante saisissante Perissa la colline d''Emborio station balnéaire pentes abruptes du Mesa Vouno déjeuner à Fish Tavern Fratzeskos la très longue plage grotte et ermitage FIRA (ou PHIRA) Thíra Imerovigli boutiques, bars, chemin escarpé à pied ou à dos d''âne, ou un petit téléphérique télécabines mûletiers Firostani le Cap Agios Nikolaos Elia Taverna Olive Tree le rocher de Skaros sur le flanc Théosképasti site exceptionnel d''OIA petit port d''Ammoudi sites troglodytes le séisme dévastateur de 1956 l''île de Thirassía prisé par la jet-set mini croisière dans la caldeira cosmopolite goélette port d''Athinios caïque Pegasus cratère du volcan sur l''îlot NEA KAMENI la Nouvelle Brûlée l''îlot calcaire d''Aspronissi l''île de Paléa Kaméni l''Ancienne Brûlée escale Mikri Kaméni fumerolles instruments de mesure qui auscultent son activité le tangage projette des embruns sur le pont une chapelle dédiée St-Nicolas un paysage lunaire voire martien une petite crique aux eaux tièdes de couleur rouille parées de vertus thérapeutiques port de Korfos appelé aussi Ormos Korfou marches de l''escalier Manolas (ou Manolos) Potamos Hagios Nikolaos rochers ruiniformes blancs sertis de tuf volcanique rouge Ammoudiou ou Ammoudi PAROS Antiparos les îlots inhabités Despotikó et Strongylo calcaire transformé en marbre par métamorphisme le plus translucide au monde hefs-d''œuvre de la sculpture antique (notamment la Vénus de Milo Saliangos embarquement accostons débarquons le Superjet, un navire catamaran la compagnie Seajets Aliki hôtel Galatis buffet Taverna Balcony installée sur une jetée plage de sable doré salines marais salants baie anse garrigue maquis épineux un quartier résidentiel de grandes villas Musée du folklore des Cyclades de Benetos Skiadas autodidacte maquettes et miniatures Folégandros Parikia capitale de Paros Pounta (mentionnons sa chapelle Agios Krios) Revmatonisi, Fira, Diplo, Kavouras bars cafétérias château vénitien (Frankish Castle) le réemploi de tambours de colonnes demeures pleines de charme Panagia Ekatontapiliani (ou Panaghia Katapoliani) bâtiments cellules de moines Musée ecclésiastique Justinien Ste-Hélène, la mère de l''empereur Constantin sanctuaire paléochrétien baptistère ex-votos Naoussa Kolympithres la péninsule de Korakas la Révolution d''Orloff (prémices de la guerre d''indépendance grecque) la cave Moraitis Winery arcades et d''escaliers maintenant fleuris de bougainvillées bougainvilliers les stars du showbiz (Nikos Aliagas ne destination à la mode a localité de Lefkes (ou Lefkos) la mer Egée était infestée de pirates qui pillaient les côtes ''Aghion Pandon (ou Agii Pandes) sommet la Sainte Trinité Agia Triada Pisso Piso Livadi le métropolite Augoustinos Kantiotes halva, un gâteau de semoule à la cannelle caïque Egeostissa le Naxos Star de la Panteleos Cruises Shipping Company DELOS Rhénée ou Rineia la colline Cynthe (Kynthos) inscrit au patrimoine mondial de l''UNESCO en 1990 l''École française d''Athènes le dieu suprême Zeus sa maîtrese Léto ses jumeaux Apollon et Artémis vent de nord (le Meltemi) La mer moutonne l''échelle de Douglas force 5 sur l''échelle de Beaufort brise mal de mer habitants Cariens des fêtes somptueuses avec des hymnes et des compétitions sportives en l''honneur d''Apollon Lac Sacré asséché tyran Pisistrate le trésor de la ligue purification port franc commerceMithridate, roi du Pont décime la population et détruit tout Malte refuge le quartier dit du Théâtre mosaïques remarquables ornent le sol des riches demeures d''époques hellénistique et romaine maisons de Cléopâtre Dionysos Trident Mont Cynthe vestiges ruines gradins l''Agora puis la Voie Sacrée portiques colossal Kouros Naxiens torse et bassin l''Allée des Lions symboles deux socles supportant de colossaux phallus la Société archéologique d''Athènes pour accueillir les découvertes une remarquable collection de statues et des stèles Diadumènedes poteries, des ustensiles et des armes la Terrasse MYKONOS la communauté homosexuelle gay un promontoire rivage un dédale de ruelles où l''on se perd héros Mycon, fils du roi Aniou la nymphe Rios Phéniciens conquise par Hayreddin Barberousse, amiral de Soliman le Magnifique navires britanniques (HMS Romney) et français (Sibylle) l''héroïne nationale, Manto Mavrogenous chef-lieu Chora l''avant-port de Tourlos paquebots pigeons mouettes pélicans mascottes de Mykonos Agia Anna à coupole grenat le restaurant En Plo Panagia Paraportiani et la Petite Venise (Mikri Venetia) Agios Nikolaos (St-Nicolas) Panagia Paraportiani (dédiée à Notre Dame) ses escaliers entièrement chaulés une colline fortifiée par les Vénitiens de la famille Gisi les maisons de capitaines et riches marchands embarcations bateaux navires Alefkandra les moulins (Kato Myli) la meunerie farine blé 28 moulins placettes proprettes la Maison de Léna rue Panachrantrou Agia Panachra Agia Kyriaki les îles d''Ios, Sikinos, Antiparos et Paros, Kithnos, Kea, l''île étirée de Makronisos Airbus A320 la compagnie lituanienne de charter low-cost Small Planet Airlines la rivière Acheloos Potamos et le lac Thessalia sterea Ellada la côte albanaise au niveau de Saranda le lac de Lugano et le nord du Lac Majeur (Cannero, Juino). La Suisse le glacier Grosser Aletschgletscher qui descend de l''Eiger Brest St-malo Fort la Latte Cap Fréhel Presqu''île de Quiberon et Belle-Ile - 2017 AFRIQUE AUSTRALE Guides Michèle et Siaka Fungai rangers Erika Bernard Richard Lio Cape Town Montagne de la Table Table Mountain Lion''s Head hyrax ou daman panorama visite tour Waterfront quais City Bowl Hout Bay Duiler Island île aux phoques otaries à fourrure Péninsule du Cap de Bonne Espérance Parc National Boulder''s Beach plage aux pingouins les Manchots du Cap la route des vins Franschloek Stellenbosch Paarl Simon van der Stell protestants huguenotss vigne vignoble cépages vins pinotage prison de Robben Island Victor Verster quartier malais diamantaire Diamond Wholesalers taille prospection tanzanite pierre précieuse diamants Slave Lodge Gardens Houses of Parliament quartier Bo-Kaap des esclaves malais cathédrale anglicane Greenmarket Square Durban marché indien mosquée Hottentots Bertha Mkhize Street Market Juma Masjid aux dômes dorés stade Moses Mabhida Stadium Gooderson Dumazulu Lodge & Traditional village reconstitué ou krall Les zoulous, tout comme les  Basotho, Xhosa, Swazi  et Matabele, sont issus de la peuplade ngoumi huttes circulaires enclos épineux palissade chants et danses musique djembés xylophones dot en bétail pourle mariage costume traditionnel sorcière/astrologue ou sangoma et le guérisseur/herboriste ou inyanga guerriers sagaie zèbres Réserve Zulu Nyala d''Hluhluwe girafes guépard robe pelage vitesse roulades rhinocéros noirs et blancs herbivores BIG FIVE phacochères sangliers marcassins koudou kudu mâle femelles buffles dangereux impalas vautours gnous antilope naine dik-dik Madoqua, des singes gris cercopithèques bleus poste frontière Lavumisa-Golelaprovince Gauteng Mpumalanga Malelane Malalane Crocodiles River Matsamo/Jeppe''s Reffe cobe waterbuck hippopotames plongées apnée grognement jardin botanique Lowveld National Botanical Garden de Nelspruit Hazyview Casa do Sol Hotel Kruger la plus grande réserve animalière e Parc national Gonarezhou au Zimbabwe et avec le Parc national Limpopo au Mozambique dans le grand Parc transfrontalier du Limpopo cyclone Dineo rangers EchoAfrica guides African Eagle afrikaans afrikaners lycaon léopard singes grivets ou vervets aire de repos, Rest Camp de Skukuza pistes tortue lion et sa lionne oiseaux jabiru échassier rollier multicolore rugissement féroces manaçant touraco hyènes tachetées montagnes Drakensberg magnifiques lys blancs et arums sauvages excursion au site de Blyde River Canyon vêtements imperméables capes déluge averse grès de Wolkberg les chutes d''eau Bourke''s Luck cascades cataractes Three Roundavels lac Blydepoort Dam Middleburg The Corn & Cob village ndébélé reconstitué pour les touristes couleurs perles de verre colliers ruban femmes-girafes murs peints de couleurs vives motifs géométriques ville minière or terrils gisement aurifère du Witwatersrand Transvaal aéroport international O. R. Tambo casino Emporium Emperor''s Palace faubourg résidentiel Fourways à Sandton buffet de grillades barbecue dîner boma boeuf biltong bobotie Pretoria Voortrekker Monument un boer chef voortrekker Blood River jacarandas quartier d''Arcadia ambassades Union Buildings présidence monument aux soldats morts au Bois Delville Soweto SOuth WEstern TOwnship politique d''apartheid ségrégation raciale maisons de brique bidonvelles tôles coupe du monde de football vuvuzelas Orlando west restaurant Sakhumzi. un ancien shebeen, bar illégal rue Vilakazi archevêque anglican Desmond Tutu (prix Nobel de la Paix) Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Madiba (1918-2013) ANC African National Congress partis Mémorial Hector Pieterson émeutes massacre policier tir à balles réelles la conscience noire créé par Steve Biko Cry Freedom héros Street Art, le niçois Pignon Ernest Pignon Sam Nzima, sérigraphie SIDA Kliptown Warwick Nasrec FNB (First National Bank) Stadium Peermont Metcourt Rosetta''s Queen of Nil colon colonisation Bantous Bochimans Khoïs Ngoumis xhosas Mapungubwe royaume empire Portugal Hollande Pays-Bas France Angleterre Portugais Diego Cao Bartolomeu Dias Cap des Tempêtes les Hollandais des Provinces-Unies Compagnie néerlandaise des Indes orientales (VOC) Révocation de l''Edit de Nantes populations khoïsan Guerres Cafres Britanniques Settlers Sans KwaZulu-Natal avec à leur tête le roi Shaka Grand Trek Etat libre d''Orange république Indiens autonomie colonies lois ségrégationnistes Péril Noir discrimination désobéissance civile boycott manifestation de Sharpeville vagues de grèves manifestations arrestations emprisonnement Pieter Botha Frederik de Klerk embargo sur les ventes d''armes négociations élections multiraciales Commonwealth Commission vérité et réconciliation Thabo Mbeki Jacob Zuma populiste corruption scandales famille d''industriels Gupta échec des réformes clandestins immigrés victimes bilharziose malaria moustique paludisme mousticaire répulsifs Malarone taxis Rikki''s Baz Bus tie & dye (tissus teintés) boerewors brochettes marinées breddie braai viandards he Capetonian la Cie Turkish Airlines Nation Arc-en-ciel trois capitales Bloemfontein Lesotho la dérive des continents (en lien avec la tectonique des plaques) côtes plaines sous-sols ressources minéraux Kimberley désert du Kalahari oint culminant étant le Thabana Ntlenyana Mafadimassif montagneux zone volcanique, Pilanesberg faune et flore de grande diversité climats et saisons hiver type méditerranéen mais venteux vent Sutherland dans les Montagnes Roggeveld froid mégadivers biodiversité mammifères Vasco de Gama religions colored métis sepedi sesotho zwazicultes syncrétiques issus des religions animistes africaines chômage pauvreté classes moyennes criminalité meutres viol cambriolages sociétés de sécurité clôtures barbelées ou électrifiées émeutes xénophobes pandémie affirmative action ou affirmative aksie (discrimination positive) fermiers réforme agraire redistribution PIB salaire Tourisme 4x4 chauffeurs tout terrain. - République du Botswana est un pays d''Afrique australe enclavé Namibie Zambie Parc de Chobe étrange appendice qu''est la Bande de Caprivi langue de terre Angola rivière Kwando traité Heligoland-Zanzibar entre l''Empire allemand et le Royaume-Uni différend frontalier Cour Internationale de Justice de La Haye en 1996 indépendance Commonwealth Gaborone plateau désertique avec le Kalahari religion chrétien SIDA peuplement les San (communément appelés Bushmen) et les Khoïkhoï Tswanas Ndebeles tribus clans colons Boers gouvernement britannique met le Bechuanaland mines diamant et or compagnie sud-africaine De Beer PIB PPA miracle africain exception du continent Suisse de l’Afrique moitié du Parc Kruger 450 espèces d''oiseaux (aigles pêcheurs, aigles martiaux, calaos, marabouts, vautours, martins-pêcheurs, aigrettes, oies, cormorans…) luxuriantes plaines inondables et forêts denses d''acajou, teck et autres bois durs site du Delta de l''Okavango nombreuses hardes d’éléphants d’Afrique hippopotames troupeaux d’éléphants et de buffles quantité d’antilopes est présente: parmi lesquelles les kudus, les cobes à croissant, les cobes Lechwe, les cobes des roseaux, les hippotragues noirs, les antilopes rouannes, les guibs harnachés et les pukus impalas Safari-croisière guide anglophone Richard Zambezi National Park bouses phacochère réceptif sera Kalahari Tours & Safaris 4x4 bateau à fond plat et à plate-forme d''observation Linyanti Kazakii ou Kasikilimarais Waterbuck cornes mâles femelles crocodiles pluvier armé aigle pêcheur ou pyrargue martins-pêcheurs chenaux au milieu des prairies marécageuses éléphantes gigantesque troupeau de buffles querelle cornes aigrettes garzettes et pique-boeufs joli calao à bec jaune troupeau d''une centaine ou davantage de gracieux impalas sauts extraordinaires hippopotames cormorans africains anhingas marabouts oiseaux Reedbuck happé par la gueule d''un crocodile ranger Lio des dizaines d''éléphants: une série de troupeaux de femelles accompagnées de leurs derniers nés et d''adolescents matriarche se baignent et se roulent dans la boue braconniers oies ouettes d''Egypte pâturages agitant ses grandes oreilles en grondant sur un ton grave puis dresse brusquement sa trompe vers le ciel en barrissant baobab africain parfois dit du Sénégal girafe papillons jaunes - Royaume du Swaziland Ngwane petit pays enclavé roi Mswati  Afrique du sud et Mozambique indépendance Commonwealth Grande Épouse et Indlvukazi Blancs colonisation langues siSwazi ou Zwazi pays très défavorisé pauvreté SIDA mortalité espérance de vie Indice de Développement Humain (IDH) poste frontière à Lavumisa/Golela culture du maïs, des patates douces, du coton, de la canne à sucre ananas ville Manzini marché local souvenirs ethniques Malkerns fabrique de bougies fantaisie décoratives atelier Swazi Candles acide stéarique et stéarine Ezulwini et de sa Happy Valley tonnerre orage cyclone Dineo fabrique de verre soufflé Ngwenya Glass Factory  verre recyclé pierre de kisii stéatite pierre à savon saponite sculture cirage finition boutiques Matsamo/Jeppe''s Reffe artistique - République du Zimbabwe pays enclavé au sud par l’Afrique du Sud, le Botswana à l’ouest, le Mozambique à l’est et la Zambie au nord religion  syncrétistes animistes-chrétiens VIH/Sida orphelins British South Africa Company (BSAC ou Compagnie britannique d''Afrique du Sud), Cecil Rhodes premier ministre régime ségrégationniste apartheid Rhodésie du sud Fédération de Rhodésie et du Nyassaland Commonwealth Robert Mugabe est le président crise agraire expropriation fermiers blancs d''où une crise alimentaire minorités persécutées exode massif de populationdéfavorisés hyperinflation visa payant entrées multiples extension de circuit Chutes Victoria Falls survol en hélicoptère bureaux d''agences touristiques locales balade à dos d''éléphant rafting saut à l''élastique pont Livingstone Bridge guide Fungai d''African Eagle réceptif hôtel a''Zambezi River Lodge toits de chaume parc ouvert fleuve Zambèze bras singes vervets ou grivets papillons arghel tulipiers du Gabon embardadère têtes totémiques croisière apéritive au crépuscule soleil couchant sagaie mini croisière fluviale vautours, iguane, crocodiles, pintade de Numidie hippopotames cocktail suivi d''amuse-gueules et boissons à volonté nuage embruns cataracte faille canyon plateau Zambie rive rivage pas assez de recul (cf. Iguaçu et Niagara) David Livingstone, l''explorateur écossais statue crâne d''éléphant blanchi Basses Eaux Hautes Piscine du Diable - Devil''s Pool ou Devil''s Cataract) débit hauteur record 108 m. bungi Main Falls Horse Shoe Falls Rainbow Falls Armchair Falls Eastern Cataract fracas masses d''eau phacochère mangoustes grondement déluge douche capes trempés jusqu''aux os arc-en-ciel tarif options budget - 2017 OUEST AMERICAIN guide québécois Jean Arsenault Far West Wild West Conquête de l''Ouest Ruée vers l''Or tribus amérindiennes autochtones indigènes indiens Montagnes Rocheuses Native Americans Détroit de Béring migration mongoloïdes découvertes archéologiques Mound Builders tertres tumulus Cheyennes, Crows, Sioux, Hurons, Iroquois, Cherokees et Creeks Pueblos Apaches troglodytes Navajos Comanches roquois Saint-Laurent trapeurs de l''Amérique viking Leif Erikson Christophe Colomb Amerigo Vespucci puissances européennes colons colonies colonisation Nouveau-Monde Nord-Ouest Canada Plymouth Pères Pélerins puritain Pilgrim Fathers Mayflower navigateurs royaume de France, Jacques Cartier et Samuel de Champlain Espagnols Mexique Nouvelle-Espagne Californie, Nevada, Nouveau-Mexique, Arizona, Texas et Floride épidémies massacres guerres les treize colonies britanniques persécutions Louis Jolliet et Jacques Marquette Cavelier de La Salle Grands Lacs Mississipi Missouri exploration Acadie Louisiane guerre de Sept Ans Paris Fontainebleau George Washington Utrecht Baie d''Hudson San Ildefonso traite négrière esclaves noirs plantations tabac coton Philadelphie Virginie Benjamin Franklin premier Congrès continental insurgés déclaration d''indépendance 4 juillet 1776 Constitution Fédéralisme dix amendements (Déclaration des Droits) Boston Tea Party Thanksgiving Day Compagnies démocratie Destinée manifeste Mythe de la Frontière Texas Fort Alamo San Jacinto Guadeloupe Hidalgo l''Oregon Farwest Grandes Plaines L''Oklahoma traite des Noirs planteurs abolition Abraham Lincoln États confédérés d''Amérique Fort Sumter lieutenant-général Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee les lois Jim Crow introduisent la ségrégation raciale filons mines afflux aventuriers chemin de fer transcontinental coolies chinois Wounded Knee chef Big Foot l''armée de Custer à Little Big Horn Sitting Bull et Crazy Horse carnage scalpés exterminés Réserves révolution industrielle Eldorado New-York Chicago San Francisco séisme de 1906 (faille de San Andreas) puissance américaine Triple-Entente présidence de Woodrow Wilson Roaring Twenties Prohibition Ku Klux Klan (KKK) suprémacistes Dust Bowl Wall Street krach Franklin Delano Roosevelt New Deal Franklin Delano Roosevelt Calvin Coolidge et Herbert Hoover chômage Pearl Harbor Alliés Axe Harry S. Truman superpuissance Conférence de Yalta l''ONU plan Marshall Organisation du traité de l''Atlantique nord (OTAN) NASA crise des missiles de Cuba John F. Kennedy embargo mouvement afro-américain des droits civiques Martin Luther King ou Malcolm X scandale du Watergate Richard Nixon Gerald R. Ford Jimmy Carter pour un mandat Ronald Reagan Guerre froide échecs en Corée, au Vietnam, Afghanistan ou au Proche-orient Union soviétique Guerre du Golfe ''attentats terroristes islamistes George W. Bush 11 septembre 2001 Twin Towers du World Trade Center terrorisme Afghanistan puis en Irak subprimes Barack Obama Afro-Américain Donald Trump Hillary Clinton Denali Whitney Alaska Badwater supervolcan Saint Helens, mont Rainier sismique Alaska, Arizona, Californie, Colorado, Hawaï, Idaho, Montana, Nouveau-Mexique, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington et Wyoming Hautes Plaines Black Hills Elbert hauts plateaux Grand Bassin (Great Basin) Sierra Nevada Pacific Coast Ranges Puget Sound bzird estuaires mosaïque de climats d''Hawaï Cascades aride gulf stream courant froid du Labrador ouragans (hurricanes) perturbations pluies neige la Californie connaît un climat de type méditerranéen nappes de brouillard Le phénomène El Niño L''immensité reliefs Appalaches tornades immigrés clandestins clandestins d''Hispaniques WASP (White Anglo-Saxon Protestant) métissage prolifération des sectes protestantes armes à feu délinquance, criminalité et exode en milieu rural chimie, l''informatique (Silicon Valley),grenier de le planète fuseaux horaires Pacific Time Mountain frenchies swabbing scanner corporel formulaire ESTA (Electronic System for Travel Authorization) passeport électronique biométrique visa l''utilisation ludique récréative usage thérapeutique (douleurs chroniques, soins palliatifs cannabis marijuana autodéfense milices Walgreens, Duane Reade, CVS ou Rite Aid drugstores bus kneeling Interstate Highways autoroutes pick-ups et par les trucks limitations vitesses MPH (miles per hour) infractions amendes sévères transport ferroviaire motels Starbucks café américain obèses obésité OGM stérilisation beurre de cacahuètes steackhouse doggy bag taxes pourboire service gratuity tip hug (l''accolade) serviabilité entraide SAB cartr banciare Indian reservation réceptif go west tours francophone compagnie Silverado Phoenix - CALIFORNIE: aéroport tolérance communautés gratte-ciel buildings quartier Broadway Street Transamerica Pyramid Salesforce Tower hôtel Sam Wong Dragon''s Gate Market Cable Car California Today special limousine pont Oakland Bay Bridge île-prison d''Alcatraz île de Yerba Buena île artificielle de Treasure Island fameux Golden Gate Pacifique Fog City style Art Déco Sausalito bohème hippies bobos Angel Island parc Japanese Tea Garden Music Concourse et le Spreckels Temple of Music San Francisco De Young Museum maisons victoriennes de Haight Ashbury homos gays LGBT drogués et des nudistes La Maison Bleue Maxime Le Forestier Castro Mission Dolores Park grands magasins (Macy''s) (Disney Store, Apple, Nike, Zara...) Hyatt tramway restaurant Cathay House croisière quais Fisherman''s Wharf conserveries Al Capone évadés détenus prisonniers otaries ou lions de mer de Californie (Zalophus californianus) rue pentue et serpentiforme de Lombard Presidio et Embarcadero Hyde Leawenworth lacets Coit Colombus Avenue Berkeley embouteillages Modesto boeuf vaches Black angus abeilles amandiers buffet du Shangri-La Days Inn YOSEMITE National Park cultures légumières, vergers et vignobles trajet Merced et Mariposa musée de la mine Great Smoky Mountains Miwok et Paiute Patrimoine mondial de l''humanité cascades séquoias Half Dome El Capitan chute Bridalvell Falls San Joaquim River pinèdes humides pique-nique Dogwood Blossoms (Cornus nuttallii) papillons Adelpha californica Wawona Road avec un arrêt à Tunnel View glacier érosion Fresno et Bakersfield vallée de San Joaquim HomeTown Death Valley Vallée de la Mort degrés Fahrenheit Celsius Ridgecrest moisson puits de pétrole fermes isolées rouillées pickups Mojaves le chaînon Amargosa à l''est et le chaînon Panamint désertique Mesquite Sand Dunes série Star Wars buissons de créosotier et de prosopis (Prosopis juliflora) oasis de Furnace Creek Wrangler Junction - NEVADA: prostitution prostitution Festival Burning Man Black Rock Brigham Young président de l''Église de Jésus-Christ des saints des derniers jours Mormons missionnaires mormonisme barrage Hoover mafias Sin City ville du péché casinos comme Circus Circus The Mirage ou Excalibur scandale lac Lake Mead Las Vegas Blvd Fwy Strip Wynn Encore, du Casino Treasure Palazzo Venetian pont du Rialto, de la Place Saint-Marc palais vénitiens pastiches Caesars Palace dont l''image est liée à la chanteuse Céline Dion Paris-Las Vegas avec réplique de Tour Eiffel Casino Bellagio fontaines musicales Mandarin, MGM, Tropicana, Excalibur Luxor, Mandalay Elvis Presley spectacle sur Fremont Street Experience près des casinos Four Queens et Golden Nugget pépite d''or tyrolienne SlotZilla chapelles de mariage express (Wedding chapels) Valley od Fire couleur flamboyante des rochers de grès pétroglyphes laissés par les hommes de la Préhistoire Arch Rock, Piano Rock, Windstone Arch et les Beehives Seven Sisters, Visitor Center faune (tarentule du désert, les serpents Gopher et California Kingsnake lézard Chuckwalla et des animaux naturalisés: mouflon canadien Bighorn, puma Basketmakers Anasazis White Domes Atlatl Mesquite - UTAH: BRYCE CANYON Saint-George poids lourds et transports en commun pesage Virgin River Cedar Ruby''s Inn cité ouvrière (company town) famille Syrett Bryce View Lodge. Dîner BBQ (barbecue) au Ebenezer''s Barb & Grill visiteurs amphithéâtres naturels hoodoos Paunsaugunt pinacles cheminées de fées ou Demoiselles Coiffées colonnes piliers roches calcaires sédimentaires calcification Pink Cliffs, Gray Cliffs, White Cliffs, Vermillon Cliffs et Chocolate Cliffs hématite oxyde de fer limonite sentier falaise Rim Trail Inspiration Point grandiose panorama boucle Navajo Loop chandelle comme Thor''s Hammer Sunrise Bronze Evening Primerose (Oenothera biennis L.) écureuils dorés Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel sapins pins épicéas Salt Lake City Veterans Memorial bourgade Red Panguitch Sevier Yuba Parti démocrate au sein d''un État républicain conservateur temple Square centre-ville downtown lynchage de leur prophète, Joseph Smith Bible Amish Grand Lac Salé Tabernacle Great Salt Lake City Union Pandora, Apple, Gap Assembly Hall bibliothèque The Family History Library archives généalogiques microfilms bureaux Church Administration Building centre communautaire Rodeway The Mormon Conference Center Tabernacle Choir bénévoles choristes orchestre symphonique orgue Music and the Spoken Word émission dominicale hebdomadaire cantiques chants Grammy Award spirituals, chansons du folklore américain apostolat l''Ange Moroni révélation The Mormon Battalion Monument Capitole Logan steak seafood salad restaurant Sizzler Lac de l''Ours - WYOMING: Idaho Bear Lake plaques d''immatriculation minéralogiques Famous Potatoes élections poste de gouverneur Afton Afton arc de triomphe bois de wapitis ou elk (Cervus canadensis) trophées cervidés élans (Alces) cerf hémione Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) l''antilope d''Amérique ou Pronghorn Antilocapra americana refuge saloon vins californiens Folie à Deux - Ménage à Trois alerte météo Extreme Urgence Weather trou de Jackson ou Jackson Hole station de shi sports d''hiver Million Dollar Cowboy satatues diligence Wells Fargo Davy Crockett El Abuelito Mountain Modern Hotel orage Grand Teton Pic Gannett trappeurs les autochtones Shoshones Chapel of the Transfiguration, une minuscule chapelle rondins feuillus et conifères se partagent les bosquets Jenny Lake Colder incendies tempêtes altération hydrothermale du fer grêle caldeira Caldera effondrement d''un volcan sur sa chambre magmatique magma coulée éruption couche de cendre hiver volcaniq MONTANA Livingston Econo Lodge Sport Family Dining Historic Setting Gardiner Mélissa, Jean-Baptiste Mac Tyer Angel Terrace, Canary Spring, Grassy Spring cafétéria de Canyon Village chutes Lower Falls Lookout Point, Grand View mares de boue de Mud Volcano, à la source du dragon Dragon Mouth inhalation de sulfure d''hydrogène émanant du chaudron Sulfur Caldron col enneigé de Sylvan Pass William Frederick Cody, alias Buffalo Bill exterminateur affameur capitale mondiale du rodéo hôtel Irma décor tournée théatrale viande rôtie fondante spécialité huitre bacon Holiday autoroute monotone reliefs tabulaires school bus sheriff Greybull shérif Safety Glass éclatement du parebrise Devil''s Tower médicaments église catholique du Sacré-Coeur image pieuse de Nuestra Señora Virgen de Guadalupe gare grands silos à céréales trains chemins de fer Gillette Pilot car Safety car Tenslep Creek barrières anti-congères des mouflons canadiens Pokey''s Rapid City monolithe intrusion de magma roches phonolite Arapahos Kiowas, Lakotas - SUD DAKOTA: Spearfish centre géographique des Etats-Unis USA United States of America Travelodge Keystone Mont RUSHMORE traité de Fort Laramie monument Mount Rushmore National Memorial présidentiel (South Dakota) le président Calvin Coolidge têtes sculpteur Gutzon Borglum sculptures monumentales Thomas Jefferson Theodore Roosevelt John Adams Abraham Lincoln cérémonie naturalisation serment d''allégeance au drapeau Pledge of Allegiance Korczak Ziólkowski Ziolkowski Rosebud Little Bighorn cavalerie de Custer clan Oglala Indian Museum of North America (Musée indien d''Amérique du Nord) Native American Cultural center (Centre culturel amérindien) Thunderhead Mountain sacré Henry Standing Bear Peaux-Rouges sacrilège Shiv Smarak - retour en WYOMING: Lusk melting-pot avant-poste militaire ravitaillement Fort William Fort John Red Cloud défaite casernements bâtiments de l''Etat-major Cheyenne Terry Bison Ranch (voisin du The Senator''s Steakhouse) Microtel - COLORADO: assurance Obamacare le général William Larimer nomma la ville Denver City Kansas James W. Denver capitale United States Mint (16th Street) piétonne orthogonales quadrillage visite niveau One mile above sea level granite blanc feuilles d''or l''onyx marbre rose carrière de Beulah marbre blanc la rotonde, un magnifique escalier d''honneur balustres dôme coupole Chambre du Sénat Représentants Congrès Colfax Avenue free piano Temple des Francs-Maçons (The Masonic Temple Building) Daniels and Fisher Tower immeubles Colorado Convention Center The Big Blue Bear diplômés encore coiffé mortarboard mortier ou toque de forme carrée SDF mendiant Denny''s Vail Dillon Reservoir  charmante et paisible arcades et maisons peintes. Du kitsch qui ferait penser à la Bavière ou au Tyrol Grand Junction Ramada centre commercial Rimrock Market Place, au restaurant Golden Corral - retour en UTAH: Arches Park Canyonlands une zone semi-désertique fortes amplitudes thermiques Park Avenue Viewpoint et Courthouse Towers promenade balade dunes pétrifiées Three Gossips tour de Babel The Organ and Courthouse Towers Balanced Rock North Windows Turret Arch zénith solstice d''été The Parade of Elephants et par la fameuse Double Arch Parc d''Etat de DEAD HORSE POINT corniche canyon évaporation de potasse société Intrepid Potash bassin du Paradox Green River localité Tamarik affluent Moab Monument Valley Tribal Park superbe Wilson Arch Monticello lac-réservoir de Carrol Bluff (Mexican Hat) puis à Olijato - ARIZONA: Tsé Bii''Ndzisgaii Indiens Hopis Grès de Chelly en 4x4 des buttes-témoins manganèse inselbergs Three Sisters, Camel Butte et Elephant Butte. Arrêt pour le point de vue John Ford Point John Wayne cheval Rain God Mesa tambour flute hogan maison traditionnelle Page barrage Glen Canyon Dam Glen Canyon, Marble Canyon avions Cessna Grand Caravan vol Air Tours Horseshoe Bend Wahweap Marina Wahweap Bay, Alstrom Point et Gunsight Bay Padre Bay Cookie Jar Butte et encore Last Chance Bay. Sans oublier les îlots Gregory Butte ou Padres Butte. Retour au-dessus de l''Arizona avec Cummings Mesa avec Tower Butte Antelope Island Lechee, Willow Springs Camerone parc national du Grand Canyon plateau de Kaibab collision des plaques tectoniques point de vue de Desert View tour d''observation Tusayan, au sud de Grand Cayon Village compagnie Grand Canyon Airlines équilibrage de la charge compagnie Papillon Tours Lac Powell forêt immenses formations rocheuses comme la Tower of Ra South Rim Trail randonnées marcheurs Mather Point Yavapaï Viewpoint Grandview Grand Canyon Skywalk Hualapai Peach Springs Seligman Route 66 mother road baber shop barbier Angel Delgadillo Kingman - retour en NEVADA: LAUGHLIN surnommée Little Las Vegas imposant hôtel-casino Colorado Belle Tropicana Circus Circus Enterprises également propriétaire du Edgewater Laughlin Mandalay Resort Group MGM machines à sous Aquarius Casiono Resort et par le Golden Nugget Needles - retour en CALIFORNIE: AmboyRoy''s Café & Motel délabré Roy Crowlle tournage de films JOSHUA TREE Josué Dry Bristol Lake Cleghorn Lakes craquelé White trashes Déchets blancs exclus du système rejetés Yucca brevifolia Sud-Ouest des États-Unis espèce de yucca arborescent agaves cactées épineux. pin piñon (Pinus monophylla), le genévrier californien (Juniperus californica), le chêne arbustif turbinelé(Quercus turbinella), le chêne Tucker (Quercus john-tuckeri) et le Chêne Muller (Quercus cornelius-mulleri) la vallée cachée derrière des chaos rocheux, The Hidden Valley le panorama de Keys View vue époustouflante sur la Coachella Valley Golfe de Californie lacs salés (Salton Sea, Laguna Salada) The Big One tremblement de terre dévastateur Applebee''s fermes d''éoliennes (Wind Farms) Palm Springs magasins outlets ou magasins d''usines palmier à jupon ou palmier de Californie (Washingtonia filifera) lieu de villégiature très apprécié des stars hollywoodiennes riches retraités californiens homosexuels Cabazon outlets Norwalk, Los Angeles mexicain Casa Adelita Guesthouse Observatoire Griffith Glendale Berverly Hills superbes et spacieuses villas smog pollution centre des affaires colibri calliope à plastron rouge en vol stationnaire West First Street et de South Grand Avenue. Du Music Center Mairie City Hall Hôtel de ville The Dance and Door Peace on Earth Walt Disney Concert Hall (Frank Gehry) inox Liliane veuve Blue Ribbon Garden A Rose for Lilly porcelaine de Delft ''El Pueblo est enclavé entre Chinatown et Downtown Cathédrale Notre-Dame des Anges (Rafael Moneo) street art l''école des Beaux-arts Ramón C. Cortines - Central High School for the Visual and Performing Arts (Coop Himmelb) El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles l''église de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Angeles Pico House Garnier House rue Olivera marché étals Las Cienegas Avila Adobe Maison de Eloisa Martinez de Sepulveda Hollywood Boulevard Grauman''s Chinese Theatre empreinte des pieds et des mains dans du ciment frais Norma Talmadge Marylin Monroe, Fred Astaire, John Wayne, John Travolta, Clint Eastwood Hollywood Walk of Fame  la Promenade de la célébrité stars vedettes personnalités hollywoodiennes cinéma, de la musique, de la télévision et de la radio trottoir Mohamed Ali Mary Pickford et Douglas Fairbank Joanne Woodwar Stanley Kramer Olive Borden, Ronald Colman, Louise Fazenda, Preston Foster, Burt Lancaster, Edward Sedwick, Ernest Torrance Jennifer Lopez Charles Aznavour doit y trouver place au cours de l''été 2017 Maurice Jarre, Sarah Bernhardt, Maurice Chevalier, Michèle Morgan) Robin William, pour Elton John Mickey Superman Dolby Theatre (architecte David Rockwell - 2001) Oscars du cinéma faillite de Kodak La La Land Cadillac d''Elvis Presley Universal Studios spectacle de cascade Waterworld basé sur le film éponyme de Kevin Reynolds petit train dans le Studio Tour Colonial Street King Kong et les T-Rex 360° 3D effets spéciaux Flash Flood inondation azttraction The Great Los Angeles Earthquake Jaws Lake (littéralement Lac des mâchoires) Dents de la Mer Jaws on fire quartier de villas de Colonial Street film d''horreur scène de Psycho (Psychose) Alfred Hitchcock Norman Bate War of the Worlds La Guerre des Monde Steven Spielberg crash turbines queue sièges Fast and Furious enneigés Hogwarts Castle bâti The Wizarding World of Harry Potter Jurassic Park effets dynamiques Transformers Santa Monica Venice Beach la jetée Santa Monica Piers Bubba Gump Shrimp Company Restaurant and Market chaîne internationale crevettes facsimilé journal Greenbow County Dispatch film Forrest Gump - 2017 TOSCANE et CINQUE TERRE guide accompagnateur Philippe autres guides: Marina, Silvia, Marco, Anna, Chiara Romulus et Rémus Rome Empire romain Byzance invasions Lombards dynastie carolingienne des Francs papes papauté princes Arégis II duc de Bénévent duché de Spolète guerre conflits incursions sarrasines l''Empire Byzantin Normands Calabre Roger II de Sicile croisades Saint-Sépulcre à Jérusalem région du Gargano Benoît VIII Guaimar III de Salerne bataille Sarrasins Guillaume Bras de Fer allégeance au Saint-Empire romain germanique duc d’Apoulie couronne impériale des Hohenstaufen Charles Ier d''Anjou (frère de St Louis) royaume des Deux-Siciles Guerre de Succession d''Espagne l''Empire austro-hongrois Risorgimento Giuseppe Garibaldi l’Expédition des Mille Victor-Emmanuel II de Savoie séismes sismique tremblements de terre Apennins sont des chaînes de montagnes Abbruzes volvans éruption explosion Apulia Lucanie Garigliano golfe de Policastro ''''La botte italienne'''' climat méditerranéen misère pauvreté chômage organisations criminelles comme la mafia ndrangheta calabraise racket l''économie souterraine prostitution Montecatini Alto Montecatini Terme Pistoria Prato thermes Piazza Piazzeta Palazzo place Via palais Popolo Bagni Nievole San Santa Sant Saint St Leopoldine Tettuccio Giuseppe Verdi, Giacomo Puccini, Richard Strauss, Pirandello Galilée Galileo Galilei Copernic Renaissance Rinascimento Quattrocento Cinquecento Marches Ombrie Latium plaines et montagnes climat méditerranéen Empire romain d''Occident dodécapole cités-états république grand-duché UNESCO patrimoine mondial humanité Maria Assunta Assomption vitraux marbres de Carrare basilique cathédrale église chiesa chiese Duomo baptistère chaire pupitre pulpito Tamerici Martino Padiglioncino Tamerici Excelsior puis les Thermes Tettuccio établissements funiculaire collines Jacopo et Filippo Torre del Carmine ou Tour de l''Horloge dell''Ore Oro horloge cadran antihoraire Rocca di Castel Vecchio Vieux Pont Ponte Pietro Apostolo Nuovo Le Maschere Monsummano poète Giuseppe Giusti Triplice Autriche austro-hongrois Monastero delle Benedettine Santa Maria a Ripa monastère couvent fleuve Arno Oltrarno rivage Palais Pitti Piazza della Signoria statue David de Michel-Ange Michelangelo vue panoramique esplanade galerie de l''académi Galleria dell''Accademia Forte di Belvedere Jardin Bardini Badia Fiorentina dôme coupole synagogue sinagoga Piazza della Libertà San Miniato al Monte serpentinite verte Porte Porta forteresse fortifications enceinte villas universités Medicea famille dynastie des Médicis San Francesco, San Domenico Schifanoia Mino Romolo Michelozzo pour Giovanni di Cosimo Laurent le Magnifique Fiesole fra Angelico artiste savant toscan peintre sculpteur théâtre Primerana Badini Palazzo Vscovile (le palais épiscopal) musée museo mâchicoulis Fiesolano Nicodemo Ferrucci crypte Senesi Petruccio Betto Maestro del Bigallo Vierge à l''Enfant portrait Madonna coll Bambino Girolamo Florence Firenze Berceau de la Renaissance Guido di Pietro Di Mariano Filipepi dit BOTTICELLI Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, dit LEONARDO DA VINCI Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, dit MICHEL-ANGE Raffaello Sanzio, plus connu sous le nom de RAPHAËL Tiziano Vecellio, plus communément appelé TITIEN ou Le Titien florentine Fiorenza fleur Frédéric Ier Welf Guelfes Gibelins empereur pape empire papauté Hohenstaufen monnaie florin corporation des changeurs et banquiers (Arte del Cambio) médecins lainiers medici Grand Duc Jean-Gaston haute couture, comme Roberto Cavalli, Gucci, Ermanno Scervino et Ferragamo), du mobilier (ébénisterie), du travail du cuir (Braccialini), de la porcelaine (Richard Ginori), de la carte décorée, du bronze et de l’orfèvrerie Galerie des Offices tourisme visiteurs voyageurs Galerie des Offices (Galleria degli Uffizi) reçoit près de deux millions de visiteurs, tandis que la Galerie de l''Académie (Galleria dell''Accademia) Arc de Triomphe des Lorraine Santissima Annunziata restaurant-pizzeria Le Botteghe di Donatello pizza portails voûte façade architecture prouesse architecte Arnolfo di Cambio Reparata Giotto di Bondone ou Ambrogiotto di Bondone nefs jusqu’à l’intervention de Filipino Brunelleschi Panthéon Invalides Sophie Constantinople San Giovanni Battista de Nicolò Barabino pastiche portes en bronze immense fresque du Jugement Dernier Vasari campanile clocher Andrea Pisano puis par Francesco Talenti grands maîtres Luca della Robbia symbole Lorenzo Ghiberti porte du Paradis inondation crue catastrophique style byzantin Christ du Jugement dernier Pantocrator Repubblica Orsanmichele d''entrepôt Loge aux Grains Arte della Lana Arti Arts Francesco da Sangallo autel retables l''Orcagna piliers Camimala Mercato del Porcellino (Porcelet) sanglier Vacchereccia maçonnerie pierre bouchers, tripiers et tanneurs Couloir ou Corridor Vasari buste de Benvenuto Cellini Corridoio Vasariano arches pont couvert Anna Maria Luisa collections Lanzi copie Baccio Bandinelli oeuvres éphémères de l''artiste suisse Urs Fischer Two Tuscan Men Big Clay # 4 Persée tenant la tête de Médusede Cellini Hercule Centaure Polyxène Patrocle gradins Jérôme Savonarole, fondateur de la théocratie Borgo dei Greci Croce Croix cloître dell''Antella Dante Alighieri Pazzi Biliothèque Libreria Lungarno Zecca Nicolo Gimignano Cisterna citerne puits Francigena torri chemin route Valdelsa Moen Age féodal murailles peste crise déclin chute guerres hostilités conflits vin vigne vignoble Vernaccia bastion Bastione ordre hospitaliers religieux chevaleresque Geronimo Jérusalem appellation DOCG (Dénomination d''Origine Contrôlée et Garantie) Giovanni Lumi Cugnanesi Becci Diavolo Cortesi Dondoli Omo Rognosa Chigi Salvucci Grossa collégiale Mainardi puis la Via Diacceto granges Azienda Agricola Fontanleoni agroturistico agrotourisme Troiani Sangiovese Chianti Piatto di salsicce toscane formaggio e bruschetta charcuteries fromage Cantucci (ou Cantuccini) al vino santobiscuits aux amandes Sienne Siena capitale province région Palio delle Contrade quartier paroisse jumeaux Senius et Aschius Remus Romulus rois lombards incursions razzia sarazines batailles siennois Montaperti Conseil des Neuf Fortezza Armando Diaz Vespucci Fontebranda vallon vallée brique Mille Cateriniana Sapienza contrada course Opera Metropolitana Salimbeni Sopra Monte dei Paschi Tolomei Cristoforo louve Pubblico Mangia municipalité Quercia piste chevaux cavaliers cravaches vainqueur Cità Cité romano-gothique stylophores acquasantiere astorino de Pastorini béniteirs fonts baptismaux cuve allégorique Piccolimini Cecco marqueterie de marbre polychrome Duccio di Buoninsegna Domenico Beccafumi opus sectile Francesco di Niccolaio e Nanni di Piero Beccafumi appella della Madonna del Votto livres enluminures Liberale da Veronna et Girolamo da Cremona psautiers Chigi Saracini Bar Pasticceria Nannini LUCQUES (LUCCA) principauté souveraine ville punique puis romaine dell''anfiteatro Frédéric Barberousse commune conquêtes Français troupes armées territoire monuments prospérité commerce soie courtines Passeggiata delle Mura premier roi d''Italie Victor-Emmanuel II Antico Corticella pilastres Carrara Napoléon Bonaparte Lorenzo Bartolini in Foro forum antique Raffaello et Baccio de Montelupo transept abside procession Guidiccioni Chiasso Sant''Andrea Saverio Geminiani violoniste compositeur Zita Tindaro Igor Mitoraj artiste Chiavi Guinigi Frediano byzantine Ascension Vierge Marie Fattoria il Poggio Montecarlo Piombinoi industries sidérurgie, notamment Lucchini SpA (Severstal Group) et Sollac/Mittal minerais de fer Ile d''Elbe Elba ferry Toremar isola Palmaiola archipel toscan Portoferraio, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Campo nell''Elba, Rio Marina, Rio nell''Elba, Capoliveri et Porto Azzurro mers ligure et tyrrhénienne péninsule relief mont Capanne altitude carrières calcaire étrusques population insulaire Carthaginoise, Phocéenne Fabricia Ferraja Cosmopoli victoires bonapartistes traités de paix Angleterre Espagne refuge exil Moulins Poggio Martello Linguella Anglese Stella Falcone arsenal rade Terra Mare Sebastiano Lambardi Tentazione Vigilanti Palazzina Napoleonica dei Mulini moulins plages Biodola et de Procchio l''îlot de Scoglietto Napoleonica Pauline Borghese Elisa Baciocchi Royal Clipper voilier paquebot croisière Stato dei Reali Presidi Longone Bianco Nero lemonite hématite magnétite Lavolla Focardo bae militaire caserne Calamita Ginevro Il Fosso, La Fortezza, Il Baluardo village Festa dell''Uva  Flamingo Matteotti Pontedra Piaggio Costruzione Meccaniche Nazionali Rinaldo scooter Vespa scooterss trains avions otocyclettes vélomoteurs triporteur tuktuk ingénieur Corradino D''Ascanio Enrico Innocenti Lambrate Lambretta guêpe Bajaj Gilera Puch Aprilia Guzzi Vespino acteurs célèbres films cinéma Audrey Hepburn et Gregory Peck William Wyler Fellini Sydney Pollack Franca Prosperija Dick Smart designers ACMA années 1950 APE Cassone, Calessino ou Pentaro PISE Pisa Aurelia Charlemagne puissance maritime Venise, Gênes et Amalfi Meloria Cammeo Carlo Salomone et la Piazza Daniele Manin Miracoli poème de Gabriele D''Annunzio arcades propriétés acoustiques écho style roman pisan colonnes porphyre Tino di Camaino Rainier de Pise (Ranieri Scacceri, troubadour) tour penchée Camposanto est le cimetière monumental Riviera de la Versilia, à Lido di Camaiore Manarola Riomaggiore, Corniglia, Vernazza et Monterosso al Mar. Le classement Unesco inclut également Portovenere Val di Vara Podesteria Podestat La Spezia Sestri Levante tunnels viaducs chemin de fer dell''Artiglieria Scalinata Pezzali passerelle long escalier Lardarina Sainte Marguerite d''Antioche ruisseau Buranco Oratoire oratorio pasta trofie ou trofiette au basilic pâtes Volastra Scoglio Galera Grotte de Arpaia dite aussi Grotte Byron villégiature Pitelli Volotea - 2018 Séjour d''un mois en immersion au JAPON FUJISAWA futon tatami ZENGYO banlieue sakuras quartier Oba parc Hikichigawa autour de la rivière Sakai Mankai, la pleine floraison variété somei yoshino, blanche aux tons roses hanami, la contemplation Pique-nique familial dans le parc Obajoshi (ancien château) samurai samourai calendrier hebdomadaire des tris sélectifs bennes pour des ordures dûment triées, contenants lavés campagne paysans aisés cultures champs maraîchage pousses de bambous vaches riz azalées et glycines Enoshima, petite île (38 ha) de Fujisawa en baie de Sagami Temple dédié à Benzaiten, l''une des Sept Divinités du Bonheur Sanctuaire Zuisinmon La déesse Benten fit émerger la grotte d''un méchant dragon...et l''amadoua en l''épousant Sanctuaire Hetsu-no-Miya Jinja Aigle pêcheur (Pygargue) moderne Saifukuji (Énoshima Daishi), le seul temple bouddhiste de l''île Sanctuaire Okutsuno-miya glace granité (kakigori) au thé macha et haricots rouges L''accès aux grottes d''Enoshima Iwaya n''est plus possible depuis le typhon d''octobre dernier Ile aux toursites et aux amoureux KAMAKURA Sanctuaire Goryo-jinja Temple Hase-dera dédié à la miséricodieuse Kannon à 11 têtes Bouddha Amida Erables japonais (momiji) Moulin des sutras Statue de Jizô, bodhisattva protecteur des enfants décédés Grotte Benten-kutsu, déesse des arts jardins zen de mousse de gravier Kotobu-in dédié au Daibutsu, le Grand Bouddha Du temple primitif ne reste que la statue de bronze datant de 1252 suite au tsunami de 1498 Curieux accès au sanctuaire Zeniarai Benzaiten mêlant shinto et bouddhisme On y lave l''argent pour s''enrichir Sasuke Inari-jinja, autre lieu caché au milieu d’une forêt Un esprit à l''apparence de renard (Inari) aurait conseillé Minamoto pour vaincre le clan Taira et établir le shogunat de Kamakura (XIIe s.) Tsurugaoku Hachiman-gû. deux étangs représentent les clans adverses pavillon des fêtes: mariages, Setsubun (Fête du lancer de haricots Discipline japonaise (files) sur le quais de gares files matérialisées au sol queue Kita Kamakura nord village hameau localité Engaku-ji, le grand temple zen (fondé au XIIIe s.) magnifiques pivoines tir à l''arc (kyudo) parc Meigetsu-in bambouseraie porte portail entrée Kencho-ji Tokei-ji Jochi-ji YOKOHAMA 2e ville du Japon (avec 3,7 M d''habitants) et 1er port ville développée après Meiji, détruite par un séisme en 1923 puis par la guerre et aujourd''hui moderne voilier Nippon Maru (1923) en acier sur les quais Mirai 21 Hôtel Intercontinental Yokohama Grand Landmark Tower, le plus haut gratte-ciel japonais (296 m.) construit en 1993 Anciens entrepôts douaniers Yokohama Red Brick Warehouse (1900-13 Breizh Café Yamashita Park Ancien paquebot transpacifique Hikawa Maru désarmé en 1960 Sur la colline de Yamate, les anciens quartiers occidentaux créés après la réouverture des ports japonais en 1853 Ancien quartier colonial français Harbour View Park British House, ancien consulat anglais (1937) Berrick Hall, ancienne maison de commerce import-export (1930) Cimetière des étrangers établi en 1859 avenue commerçante de Motomachi-dori Chinatown Sakuras illuminés au jardin Sankei-en Jusqu''en 1930, il appartenait à un riche marchand de soiries jeunes mariés udons et ramens La résidence de la famille Yanohara est construite dans le style gassho-zukuri et a environ 300 ans. Elle provient du village montagnard de de Shirakawa-go Fubuki, les pétales dispersés des sakuras TOKYO Shinjuku Passages cloutés en diagonale temple de l''électronique Déjeuner à Kabuki-cho jardin Shinjulu Gyoen Ginza quartier du luxe Théâtre Kabuki-za Créé en 1889 et reconstruit après 1945 Un spectacle évoquant le 150e anniversaire de la Restauration Meiji cuisine française Tsukiji Honganji (1931-34) de style indien Cha zen, initiation à la cérémonie du thé moulin à thé macha Bolides Nissan en vitrine Nissan Concept 2020 Vision Gran Turismo Nezu-jinja dans le quartier Bunkyo au nord de Tokyo Réputé pour son immense jardin d''azalées petits torii vermillons Visite du parc du Palais impérial Anciennes maisons de gardes impériaux Yasukuni-jinja, sanctuaire shinto et nationaliste controversé Les soldats japonais morts depui Meiji y sont vénérés, y compris les criminels de la dernière guerre PENINSULE D''IZU train panoramique Ito Panorama vers le Fuji comme suspendu dans le ciel depuis le plateau Darumayama (982 m.) la côte ouest, le port de Heda Shirahama, le sanctuaire près de la plage poisson séchage d''algues La plage blanche de Shirahama, l''une des plus belles du Japon mont Omuroyama, un volcan éteint ancien ryokan Tokaikan construit en 1928 Centre culturel depuis 2001 ryokan Yushindo poisson séché ferry pour l''île d''Oshima Seven Islands Tairyo shima hanto O-shima est la plus grande des 7 îles de l''archipel Les îles sont rattachées administrativement à Tokyo Le volcan actif Mihara-yama culmine à 758 m caldeira plusieurs cratères bouches fumerolles vapeur d''eau La dernière éruptions explosive remonte à 1986 il entre en activité environ tous les 3 ans 40 cônes secondaires se sont formé dans une caldeira de 4km de diamètre Pique-nique de bento, venteux La végétation finit toujours par gagner Atami, sur la péninsule d''Izu en péninsule d''Izu, une ville de onsens pour les Tokyoïtes KYOTO gare moderne de Kyoto, l''une des plus grandes du Japon Fushimi Inari-taisha, le plus grand sanctuaire du Japon Erigé en 711, il est dédié à la déesse du riz Inari Une boucle de deux heures de marche sous des allées de plus de 10.000 toriis Sanjusangen-do (XIIIe s.) aux 1001 statues bouddhiques 33 travées et 118 m. de long, c''est la plus longue structure en bois du monde Kyoto National Museum un des 5 théatres de mikos et geikos, le Miyagawacho Kaburenjo spectacje de musique chant et danse le thème est Les cygnes volant au Paradis Illuminations du parc du château shogunal de Nijo-jo présentation Kimono Roboto la gare, oeuvre de Hiroshi Hara inaugurée en 1997 20e anniversaire ryokan rue Akezu-no-mon près de l''hôtel Lida fameuse baignoire à couvercle pour garder le bain au chaud Ohara, Kyoto champêtre merveilleux temple Sanzen-in fondé en 804 verdure deux jardins de mousses, arbres et statues Hosen-in fondé en 1013, connu pour la beauté de son jardin tranquille lithophone son de l''eau sur des graviers dans un suikinkutsu (un pot en céramique) Méditer, contempler en prenant sucreries et thé macha planches tachées de sang provenant du château de Fushimi après que les guerriers de Tokugawa se soient suicidés losque lee château a été pris d''assaut en 1600 carpes koï chemin menant au Jakko-in à travers la campagne tanukis porte-bonheur toiture traditionnelle en lamelles de cyprès murs en Lattis enduit de torchis Jakko-in établit en 594 Au XIIe s. l''impératrice douairière Kenrei Mon''in du clan Taira s''y retira après la défaite navale face au clan Minamoto salle principale a été incendiée le 9 mai 2000 et reconstruite en juin 2005 Statue en ivoire de Jizo Bosatsu Jizo japonais enfantin portant un bavoir offert par une mère en deuil Higashiyama, vers le Chemin de la Philosophie Ginkaku-ji ou Jisho-ji dit d''argent Le shogun Yoshimasa (XVe s.) n''eut pas le temps de le recouvrir d''argent comme son grand-père avait recouvert d''or le Kenkaku-ji un chef-d''oeuvre de jardin de sable zen toits en bardeau de cyprès Pas un cop mais une sorte de phénix pousse-pousse chaussures jika tabi est la chaussure japonaise traditionnelle que porte l''ouvrier du bâtiment, le jardinier ou le tireur de pousse-pousse autel de pierres habillées dédiées à Jizo qui aide les âmes des enfants décédés Otoyo-jinja des souris qui montent la garde du sanctuaire au lieu des lion-chiens habituels Koun-ji Kumano Nyakuoji Nanzen-ji, temple suprême du zen japonais établi à la fin du XIIIe s. Sanmon, porte colossale du XVIIe s. dédiée aux victimes lors de la prise du château d''Osaka Suirokaku, l''aqueduc de brique construit en 1890 par les Occidentaux pour supporté un canal destiné à la navigation Chion-in fondé au XIIe s. Sanmon, la plus colossale porte du Japon (24 m. de haut) du XVIIe s. Parc Maryama-koen de près de 9 ha Yasaka-jinja Etabli au VIIe s. puis rééeifié mille ans olus tard, il est dédié au kami Susa-no-o, déesse de la mer Romon, le portail vermillon quartier de Gion touristes il ne faut pas toucher les maikos et les geikos Pont Shijo et restaurant chinois Toka Saikan en direction de Pontocho estaurant d''okonomiyaki (ce que vous aimez) Sagano, à l''ouest de Kyoto pont Togetsu-kyo (Lune traversant le pont) sur la rivière Oigawa Réalisé au IXe s., il fut déplacé ici au XVIIe s. Tenruy-ji fondé au XIVe siècle par le shogun Ashikaga entre la rivière Katsura et la bambouseraie, temple principal de l''école zen Rinzai Tenryu-ji et le premier des gozan (5 grands temples) de Kyoto sublime jardin organisé autour d''un étang et de rochers, connu sous le nom de Sogenchi-teien Peinture du dragon des nuages réalisée en 1899 bambouseraie d''Arashiyama dite aussi forêt de bambous géants de Sagano Puisse la Paix régner sur le monde Rakushisha, ancienne demeure (XVIIe s.) d''un célèbre poète de Haiku, Mukai Kyorai Gio-ji, vestige d''un temple plus vaste du XIIe s. la danseuse Gio délaissée par son amant s''y retira Adashino Nenbutsu-ji Adashino Nenbutsu-ji céèbre pour son cimetière avec 8.000 statuettes bouddhiques et stupas forêt de Kimono de la gare de Sagano NAGOYA shinkansen Nozomi bec de canard AOI et Shuri-chan san tours JR Nagoya University of the Arts ISE, haut de la religion shinto brasseries de sake grillerie de châtaignes Shima Hanto site du Grand Sanctuaire, le Kotaijingu ou Naiku dédié au kami Amaterasu, déesse du soleil et ancêtre de la famille impériale Uji, pont de cyprès, passerelle entre le monde profane et le monde sacré site est vénéré depuis 2000 ans au coeur d''un bois de gigantesque cyprès ablutions sanctuaires rebâtis tous les 20 ans sur l''espace contigu le kami trouve refuge dans le petit abri tout au fond du terrain l''''abri du kami cheval messager apportant aux esprits les prières. On attend un nouveau cheval blanc du Palais impérial Shuin-cho, le livre du bon pèlerin à ne pas confondre avec le Gôshuin-chô plus touristique Toyouke ou Geku le Geku est dédié à Toyouke Omikami, la déesse de l''agriculture, des récoltes, de la nourriture... a été fondé il y a 1500 ans les fameux cyprès vieux de 700 ans jusqu''à 60 m. de hauteur trajet par la route Ise Shima Skyline de 16km elle culmine à 555 m. au mont Asamayama Toba, arrivée au ryokan Hidemaru Hangokoro banquet royal pour dîner avant le bain au onsen l''aquarium de Toba, les petits poissons tropicaux colorés et coraux calamars Alligator gar (Atractosteus spatula) Huso huso (Acipenser ruthenus) Nautilus pompilius un morse (Odobenus rosmarus) crabe bleu étoile de mer anémone de mer Hippocampe (Hippocampus) dauphins requins Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) piranas Piranha rouge (Pygocentrus nattereri) Ibis rouge (Eudocimus ruber) Labre à tête de mouton (Semicossyphus reticulatus) Rascasse japonaise (Pterois lunulata) congre la petite île dans le port de Toba. Pas de démonstration ce jour de pêche d''huîtres perlières par des plongeuses Ama serre tropicale Python vertarboricole (Morelia viridis) chat pêcheur ou chat viverrin (Prionailurus viverrinus) Poissons docteurs à l''oeuvre (Garra rufa) Alligator d''Amérique (Alligator mississippiensis) Meoto Iwa, les roches mariés de Futami symbole des divinités créatrices du Japon: Izanagi (divinité masculine, le gros rocher) et Izanami (divinité féminine, le petit) Entre eux, une corde tendue : la shimenawa, tressée à partir de paille de riz au-dessus du bassin pendent quelques gohei (bandes de papier blanc plié en éclair) le sommet du G7 a réuni ici les dirigeants d''Etats et de gouvernements, les Présidents de la Commission et du Conseil européens les 26-27 mai 2016 Karuizawa, église catholique St Paul chutes hémicirculaires de Shiraito 20 mètres de haut et 150 mètres de large Cette eau issue de la fonte des neiges du Fuji, s''infiltre et jaillit ici après 10 ou 15 ans falls cascades Volcan Asama (2568 m.) Parc volcanique de Onioshidashi es plus violentes éruptions récentes datent de 1108 et 1783 coulées de lave la petite ville (6700 hab.) de Kusatsu ville de onsens dans laquelle des eaux sulfureuses et acides doivent être refroidies ryokan Kojimaya pour prendre le thé l’une des trois sources thermales les plus célèbres du Japon et la plus abondante à la sortie de la source, la température de l''eau varie de 50 à 90°, donc non utilisable telle quelle un établissement présentant un système traditionnel de refroidissement, Yu-momi ou battage de l''eau plus simplement, la technique courammment utilisée est Yu-batake ou champ d''eau qui permet de refroidir l''eau et de décanter les sédiments les bains peuvent se limiter aux pieds. Ca tombe bien car il fait froid par ce temps gris et à 1200 m. d''altitude tThermalistes en yukata (kimono léger) et haori (veste) et chaussés de getas le village by night mascotte petit déjeuner japonais village de Sanadamachiosa près de Ueda Daihakuzan Shinkoji mémorial Sanada Kojo rappelle les luttes de ce clan contre les Tokugawa au XVIe s. grande cascade Yasaka Otaki près de Omachi un filet d''eau Takagaryama, un large point de vue au-dessus de Omachi le superbe château de Matsumoto dit du corbeau en raison de sa couleur (opposée à celui d''Himeji) Construit au XVIe s. (à l''époque du châyeau de Chambord) par le clan Ogasawara un édifice bien conservé car son seul rôle fut une démonstration de puissance face aux rivaux Shirahone Ebisaya à Azumi macaque à face rouge japonais (Macaca fuscata), le singe à l''habitat naturel le plus septentrional Shiojiri (cul salé) dans une brasserie de sake éventail de sake selon la finesse et les degrés Chapelle de mariage 4 des 5 lacs du Mont Fuji (Fuji Goko): Shojiko, Motosuko, Saiko et Kawagachiko Machida en passant par Takasaka et Sakudaira Blindé des Forces d''Autodéfense (FAD) Mont Asamat Obuse (préfecture de Nagano) ville spécialisée dans les confiseries à base de châtaignes Musée Okusai estampes un emblème: les 3 châtaignes la station de ski de Hakuba Happo-one des Jeux olympiques d''hiver de 1998 ryokan Goryukan après le bain en yukata (kimono) et (veste) haori copieux repas banquet bombance repus replets mets savoureux oursin langouste en bus jusqu''à 1433 m à Ogizawa un trolleybus traverse le tunnel Kanden de 6,1 km jusqu''au barrage de Kurobe (1470 m) le seul funiculaire souterrain au Japon pour Korubedeira (1828 m.) le seul téléphérique au Japon sans pylônes le long de sa portée (1,7 km) jusqu''à Daikanbo (2316 m.) un second trolleybus, le plus haut du Japon (2450 m.), passe à l''intérieur d''un tunnel de 3,7 km sous le sommet du mont Tateyama (3015 m.) pour aller au terminal de Murodo (2450 m.) un mur de neige de 17 mètres d''épaisseur (19 début avril et plus de 20 mètres parfois) Tateyama Snow Wall refuges Fumerolles sulfureuses The Tateyama Mountain Range Chubu Sangaku National Park produits frais sacs de riz, produit de base tout est emballé (sur)emballé fruits et légumes viandes rayons de produits de la mer fameuse viande persillée de boeuf wagyu sushi sashimi réductions au supermarché le soir sur les produits frais périssables Emballé c''est bien ! mais après il faut respecter le calendrier hebdomadaire des divers tris sélectifs cordon bleu chefs suisiniers grande cuisine reconnue labellisée étoilée takoyaki à base de petits morceaux de pieuvre (tako), légumes et pâte spécialité d''Osaka mayo et de sauce otafuku mayonnaise des copeaux de katsuobushi (bonite séchée) pique-nique hanami (contemplation des sakuras) riz au curry doux zaru soba (nouilles de sarrasin froides) et algues merlan et sauté de légumes sauce aigre douce champignon maitake, porc, oignon, soupe (pousses de soja et oeuf) salade de mizuma, myoga et shiso yarika (calamar) sauce mentsuyu, champignons eringi et bacon, racines de lotus avec sauce au sésame, sardines BBQ oeufs brouillés et épinards, soupe miso, sauté de carottes, poivrons et miettes de thon, tofu, gombo, copeaux de bonite et sauce soja galettes de pâtes à raviolis déjeuner avec des sardines grillées déjeuner shirasu don (alevins, oeufs de poissons, légumes, riz) saucisse à Chinatown de Yokohama: 126 plats au choix et à volonté pour environ 13,50€ Granité kakigori au thé macha et uji kintori (haricots rouges) menu soy soup, ramen et porc rôti plus riz et thé Sauté de boeuf Langue de boeuf grillée Porc grillé Ecole de Cuisine et Nutrition Hattori Bouillon de Paris enseignes Le Marcasson d''Or tempura... au Marugame restaurants Onioshidashi poisson pour la Fête des garçons Kodomo no hi: le 5 mai, fête des carpes et des garçons japonais (les filles ont la fête des poupées, Hina matsuri, le 3 mars)... fondues - 2018 Voyage sur l''Île de La REUNION guide accompagnateur MAX Afrique continent africaine Dîna morgabin découverte inhabitée navigateurs Vasco de Gama Madagascar Mozambique Portugais Diego Dias Pedro de Mascarenhas Mascareignes archipel Santa Apolonia Maurice Seychelles dérive Gondwana bateaux anglais et néerlandais Jacques de Pronis, gouverneur Français mutins malgaches Saint St Ste Paul Pierre escale Compagnie des Indes orientales esclavage esclaves colons colonie lariages mixtes métissage métis créoles Indiens Chinois ségrégation le Code Noir Marrons fugitifs échappés les Hauts Malouin Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais, gouverneur traité de Paris en 1814 catastrophes climatiques de 1806-1807 (cyclones, inondations), la culture du café canne à sucre St Denis capitale chef-lieu abolissions libres libérés 1802 Le 20 décembre 1848, l’abolition de l''esclavage est finalement proclamée par Sarda Garriga engagés Tamouls crise économique héros aviateur Rolland Garros département d’outre-mer Michel Debré devient député répression de la culture créole et des actions autonomistes ''''déportation'''' d''enfants dans la Creuse mouvements sociaux manifestations autonomisme indépendantisme régions ultrapériphériques de l’Union européenne aides Fonds européen de développement régional (FEDER) réseau de fibre optique (Fiber to the Home) ADSL internet toponymes océan Indien relief accidenté Piton des Neiges (3070 m.) culmine point culminant Col cratères bouches cônes effondrements érodés érosion éteint actif Cilaos, Mafate, Salazie escarpé falaises ravines végétation villages hameaux îlets rivières cascade grottes tunnels de laves littoral climat vents alizés saisons été austral hiver dépressions tropicales trombes d''eau déluge précipitations diluviennes températures douceur faune et flore espèces endémiques lagons ceinture récifale récifs coraliens départementalisation ETHNIES, LANGUES ET RELIGIONS Cafres Tamil Nadu(les Malbars) et le Gujarat (les Zarabes) Petits Blancs ou Yabs Métropolitains Zoreilles ou de Métros langue vernaculaire le hakka, le cantonais, le gujarati, l''ourdou, l''arabe, le tamoul, le malgache, le mahorais et le comorien christianisme hindouisme islam judaïsme Guan Di rites africains animistes et de nombreuses superstitions PIB habitant économie croissance Maldives coût de la vie sous le seuil de pauvreté transferts financiers perfusion assistanat généralisé (RSA, CMU, ASSEDIC...) l''économie souterraine important chômage population active L''agriculture subventions sucre (premier producteur européen) vanille orchidée fécondation manuelle riz lentilles ou grains zone économique exclusive (ZEE) boom touristique épidémie de chikungunya, attaques de requins baleines et dauphins revenus ressource économique grands groupes réunionnais comme Quartier Français, Groupe Bourbon ex-Sucreries Bourbon, grande compagnie Grand Trail plus connu sous le nom de Diagonal des Fous randonnées ou des activités aquatiques plongée surf spot plages réceptif sera PASSION Outremer Editions Dominique Auzias Hachette Gallimard Loisirs les saisons sont inversées records d''ensoleillement nombreux microclimats orientation degrés mm d''eau Leu Rose Philippe Benoît André Jardins d''Héva Hell-Bourg (Salazie) Etoile de Mers Relais Commerson Le tampon Gilles Auberge Restaurant Ti''Bonheur Chez Céline et Josian à Entre-Deux (Accueil paysan) Chez Aliette et Paris Farandole (tranche d''espadon rôti, camarons et coquilles St Jacques avec une délicieuse sauce aux agrumes et accompagnés de gratin de citrouille, caviar d''aubergine, frites...) L''Isabelle Hôtel Le Vieux Cep cuisine plat typique est le cari massalé sauce saveurs d''épices: gingembre, de curcuma, de girofle, de piment, de cannelle et de poivre accompagnement haricots rouges, lentilles, pois du Cap ou fèves poulet cari de poulet au jacquier, cari de poulet au gingembre, cari de crevettes à l''ananas, gratin de citrouille, gratin et tartelette de chouchou légumes feuilles bouillis les brèdes: lianes de chouchou (connu ailleurs sous le nom de chayotte ou de cristophine) ou de citrouille, feuilles et tiges de morelle ou mafane, feuilles tendres de mouroungue ou mouronge, feuilles de cresson, de radis ou de navets, cœurs de choux plats de boucané, une viande fumée au feu de bois lard L''aubergine, la bringelle rougail saucisse sauce très piquante à base de piment, gingembre et échalote dessert patates douces samousas, bonbon piments, piment farci fritures rhum ordinaire est le rhum agricole Charrette Isautier production artisanale grande diversité de punchs bière est notamment produite par la brasserie de Bourbon vin de Cilaos traditionnel, est un apéritif transports chemin de fer routes réseau interurbain Cars jaunes Transdev Citalis Kar''Ouest AlterNéo CarSud Alizé NLR (Nouvelle Route Littorale) GR1 GR2 dengue paludisme malaria moustiques décalage horaire volcanisme dorsale centrale indienne plaques tectoniques Point chaud dit de la Réunion millions d''années Trapps du Deccan perforer la croûte terrestre îles volcaniques plateaux sous-marins l''enclos Fouqué planèzes exutoires de la caldeira Grand Brûlé glissement de terrain chambre magmatique sous-jacente Rivière des Remparts Plaine des Sables sommet sommitale Cratère Dolomieu Chapelle de Rosemont Formica Leo sismicité observations mesures capteurs intensité secousses tremblements gonflement émanations de gaz l''imminence magma brûlant type volcan bouclier hawaiien plasticité fusion boudins lave cordée laves pahoehoe lave à gratons (laves aa) morphologie colonisation végétation lichens mousses arbustes plateau continental classement patrimoine mondial de l''humanité par l''UNESCO desserte routière isolé isolement sentiers toponymes ravitaillement La Possession marrons fuyards chasse électrification énergie solaire panneaux photovoltaïques défiscalisation La Nouvelle technologie Microgrid pile à combustible hydrogène cyclones GISELLE GAMEDE HYACINTHE incendies avion Dash 8 utilisé pour épandre des produits retardants explorateurs austronésiens créolité criollo café arabica originaire d’Ethiopie Bourbon café caféiers production plantation planteurs culture épidémies crise concurrence Antilles Bourbon pointu arabica Ethiopie moulins à canne balances centres de Réception (collecte) le pesage et l''échantillonnage camions baleines cétacés coproduits paille chaume résidus bagasse mélasses rhumeries fourrages course Grand Raid est un ultra-trail Diagonales des Fous inscrits participants course coureurs arrivés abandons classés Trail de Bourbon Zembrocal Trail vainqueurs Jocelyne PAULY ex-æquos à Benoit GIRONDEL et François D''HAENE dénivelé positif bovins boeufs Mon prochain voyage nos prochains voyages avec Salaun Holidays Vacances Transat Capitales Tours Nouvelles Frontières
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Sergei Avksentevich Kolyada | PAINTING THE HEART OF MOSCOW: A SUSTAINED VISION The artworks of Russian artist Sergei Avksentevich Kolyada are intimately tied to his love for his home town of Moscow where he was a faithful resident for the ninety years of his life. A highly accomplished portraitist, still life and landscape artist; it is his series on "Old Moscow" that has received the greatest acclaim by critics, including renowned Russian art commentator Valentina Arzarkovich and art critic Vladimir Kostin. With time, this collection will become essential as a unique and very complete witness of a faithful picture of Old Moscow already disappeared or on the verge of disappearing. Sergei was born in Moscow in 1907. Admitted as an apprentice to famous artist Nicolai Krymov's studio at the age of 18, it was a crucial meeting for Kolyada with a master of impression and light which would have an important influence on his future artistic career. His apprenticeship was followed by four years of study at the prestigious Superior Institute of Arts and Techniques (Vhutemas – Vhutein) under Shterenberg and Guerassimov, after which he joined the OST (Society of Easel Painters) for two years prior to its disbandment by the authorities. The beginning of Kolyada's career coincided with the establishment of Soviet Socialist Realism as the only authorized style of art. Prominent artists and writers joined political authorities in declaring that art and literature must depict the "reality of Revolutionary Russia." Although he was admitted into the Union of Artists and participated in many group exhibitions, he did not gain the prestige of colleagues who fulfilled the Party's plans for realistic Art. He kept his personal and artistic integrity, perhaps at the expense of lost opportunities for advancement. In 1945, a great number of his early paintings (including a number of avant-garde works) were destroyed in a fire at his parents' home. As with numerous artists of that time, Kolyada worked not only for the state in an official capacity; but also created a large body of impressive private works, including portraits, still lives and landscapes. Co-founder of the Society of Painters of the Moscow region and of the Union of Painters of Russia, after the Second World War, he participated in a few artistic missions in the "Pouchinsky-Gory" region (which inspired Pouchkine) and in the kolkhozes of the Moscow's region during the 1950's. In the 1960s, he started painting the landscapes of "his" old Moscow; a long and patient work which he willingly and passionately continued for over 30 years. Focusing on the lesser known streets and laneways, and old condemned suburbs; the subject of each work was painstakingly researched. The artist retrieved old archival records and compiled a dossier for each work detailing the "life" of the house or building he was portraying – who its residents had been, the architect, significant design features, its unique "story." His love for the landscapes of his youth would see him complete a unique collection that with time, is becoming increasingly important as a record of the Moscow that "was" – now replaced in many instances by new housing estates and mass developments, the old buildings lost forever. In his last years, one of the (then) oldest member of the Union of Artists of Russia, Kolyada travelled, painted and exhibited outside the URSS; in Australia first, then in France in Etretat, Angers, Dinard and Paris. He died in Moscow in 1996 at the age of 89. Besides a great number of group exhibitions, Kolyada's long career is marked by important solo exhibitions in the prestigious Tretiakov Gallery, the Krimsky-Val Gallery and the Glinka Museum, as well as the famous White House (Douma) for the 850th Anniversary of Moscow foundation. Some of his works have also been included in 5 different exhibitions at the Museum of Russian Art in Minneapolis in the United States. Three important Moscow Museums hold a dozen of Kolyada's works acquired when the artist was still alive: The State Tretiakov Gallery, The Moscow Historical Museum and the Lounatcharsky Museum. All his life, Sergei Kolyada never sought fame. Modest, he always maintained recognition would come at an appropriate time. The legacy of Kolyada and his unique record of "Old Moscow" are today increasingly gaining the prominence they deserve.
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HOME - The Hidden Truth Australia Today reveals the Hidden Truth of what is deceitfully with-held from the People of Australia. Information of activities and laws designed to destroy every ounce of goodness and way of life within Australia.
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Eternity - Eternity Eternity in common parlance means infinite time (or the quality, condition or fact of being eternal). In classical philosophy, however, it is defined as what exists outside time as describing supranatural beings and forces, whereas sempiternity corresponds to the infinitely temporal, non-metaphoric definitions, as recited in requiem prayers for the dead. Thomas Hobbes and many others in the Age of Enlightenment drew on the classical distinction to put forward metaphysical hypotheses such as 'eternity is a permanent Now'. Eternity as infinite duration is an important concept in many religions, where the god or gods are said to endure eternally. Some, such as Aristotle, would say the same about the natural cosmos in regard to both past and future eternal duration, and like the eternal Platonic forms, immutability was considered essential. Today cosmologists, philosophers, and others look to analyses of the concept from across cultures and history. They debate, among other things, whether an absolute concept of eternity has real application such for the fundamental laws of physics such as the arrow of time in entropy.
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welcome. Is everything alright with you today? DR RP. Closed Discord group.
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Milo''s Poultry Farms - Bonduel, WI We are an Amish farm family in rural Wisconsin. We live on an organic farm with our four children. It is the home farm, so it has two houses and my parents also live here. We have a state-inspected facility on the farm where we wash, grade and package the eggs. My egg business started in 2004 in an old wooden granary with a small flock of chickens. My hobby grew into a business that helps sustain other family farms today. I see to it that these farmers use my feed recipes and give the hens access to the outdoors and pasture, weather and seasons permitting. The eggs are all gathered by hand and mostly handled by hand. I used to have mixed flocks of chickens, so I had white and brown eggs mixed in the same carton, but we learned over the years that too often they tend not to get along the best. One breed is bound to be more timid therefore gets the backseat. We now went to all brown egg layers, partly because many people have the mind-set that white eggs arent as good, but I still firmly believe that white eggs can be just as nutritious and tasty if the hens are all in the same house and get fed the same. In the future you might see green eggs mixed in, which are from a South American breed of chicken. Our hens are all fed the same, an Omega 3 diet, which includes flax seed. The color of the shell has nothing to do with the quality inside. The quality, size, inside color and taste of the egg will vary with the seasons, the weather, the personality and age of the chickens. Chickens are just like people: each one is unique. Most hens like it outdoors, while some enjoy the shelter of their house. Some are lazy, some full of energy. Some are shy while others are bold and bossy. I see a definite pecking order. For the hen that bosses herself around and consumes more feed (choice morsels, etc.), she will tend to lay an egg with a richer yolk. A more timid hen may produce a paler yolk. Older hens tend to produce a paler yolk as well. These are a few reasons you may notice variations. There are many factors that influence the richness of an egg yolk. Even in winter, fresh air and sunshine help produce richer eggs. In spring you should see richer yolks. In summer you may see paler yolks due to heat stress. In fall, you should see them richer again. I rotate them between different pens to keep them on fresh grass. To find out which stores near you carry our eggs, please give us a call. We are glad to answer any questions you may have. Our phone number is also on all the egg cartons. I always had dreams of expanding my business to organic meat birds, chicken soup, turkeys and beef, but the egg business has grown so much due to customer demand. It keeps us busy enough it seems. It might still be possible in the future, but if it is, the first and most likely one will be canned chicken soup and/or broth, which would come from our older hens. By the way folks, we sell a lot of eggs right off the farm where we also sell other organic foods in our mini retail store. Whether you are within driving distance or come close occasionally, youre sure welcome to stop in! We are now open Monday through Saturday from 7:00am 7:00pm. Your satisfaction is important to us! We gladly accept any feedback you may have. It may help us serve our hens and customers better! Thank you for buying local and organic products! Sincerely, Milo and Edna Ellen Bontrager