RAW RANKED SITES ABOUT
#HUNDRED YEAR

The most comprehensive list of hundred year websites last updated on Sep 1 2020.
Stats collected from various trackers included with free apps.
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Texas A&M University-Commerce Texas A&M University-Commerce is a four year university offering more than one hundred courses of study from 26 academic departments.
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Elijah Craig | Home Page Each bottle of award-winning Elijah Craig Bourbon is crafted with the same method used by Elijah over two hundred years ago: local corn and grains are milled and mixed with limestone-rich Kentucky spring water, then fermented and distilled. After years of aging in charred oak, our Master Distillers select the most complex barrels to become Elijah Craig Small Batch, Barrel Proof, and Single Barrel Bourbons.
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Creatall International Co.,LTD Creatall International Co.,Ltd. was founded in 2004, based on Asia''s largest electronics market - Huaqiang district, Shenzhen speed up the development of emerging enterprises. Over the years, the company has been engaged in the development and sale of LCD LED display products, products mainly include lcd led display,lcd led universal inverter, power supplies, LCD / LED backlight lamp, led strip backlight, covering LCD monitors, LCD TV , car shows, DVR surveillance, mobile DVD, KTV, industrial computer display, industrial CNC systems and other civil and industrial sectors, the company to the highest quality products for a variety of peripherals display system to provide quality services program. Companies constantly innovate and forge ahead, the development of new products, the introduction of new technologies, products and services more than two hundred cities and towns across the country, exported to Hong Kong, Taiwan, Southeast Asia, Korea, Japan, South Africa, Europe and other countries and regions, and with a number foreign enterprises to establish a long-term stable cooperative relations. Full Year adhering to the
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A Maths Dictionary for Kids by Jenny Eather| Definitions | Free Math Posters and Charts | Maths Examples | Math Words | Math Glossary | Math Terms | Interactive, animated maths dictionary with over 630 common math terms and math words explained in simple language with examples. Device friendly version with 950+ entries. Math glossary with math definitions, examples, math practice interactives, mathematics activities, math calculators, math charts and posters. © Jenny Eather 2001-2016.
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Home - Guca Festival 2019 Guca Festival 2019 in Serbia.This year the Final Serbian Trumpet Band Competition will be held for the 59th time in 2019. Maestros from whole Serbia will compete for the prestige Golden Trumpet award. Beside this competition a various program with rich cultural heritage like traditional wedding, sport event and art program will entertain the hundred of thousands visitors 4 days long.
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Here is how to become a Super Single Parent, all in plain and easy to understand language...
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Trash Video official website Trash Video (est. 1995) is one of the most renowned Finnish independent movie production teams. Trash Video’s career spans well over 20 years and contains dozens of full length and short films covering all thinkable and unthinkable genres; from zombie comedy to scifi-horror, from full length sitcom parody series to spaghetti western, from post-apocalyptic action to tough-as-nails crime films and all the way beyond. You name it, they’ve made it. Trash Video is best known for their no-holds-barred attitude and unrestrained sense of humour. Common features in a typical Trash Video film are blood, bad language, violence and references to the Team’s original home turf, the notorious suburb of Hervanta. Trash Video is infamous for using the cliches of the seventies’ and eighties’ genre movies in an ingenious way, showing their love for the heydays of b-movie and creating clever homages to the forgotten masterpieces of the rental video era. Trash Video is also known for their guerrilla filming style. They use only minimal crew and bare essentials when filming and all the camerawork, editing, visual effects and such are done by the members themselves. The years of independent film-making have refined Trash Video’s efficiency in their craft and even their latest, more high class productions like The Video Cop series, have budgets of a few hundred euros per episode. When the length of their career, sheer amount of the productions they’ve made and the distinct style and originality of their films are considered, it is safe to say that Trash Video plays in their own league in the Finnish independent film making scene.
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THE VISUAL TIME TRAVELLER - Beautiful book illustrating history, art and science since the Renaissance in 100 designs & 1000 facts. The ultimate coffee table book and fascinating talk by Irish author Alison Hackett. A hundred specially created graphic designs weaving facts and illustrations in a beautiful coffee table book - a fascinating journey since the Renaissance told in five year time steps.
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Lottie Shaw's - Seriously Good Yorkshire Parkin and Baked Goods Lottie Shaw's products are based on a one hundred year old family passion for baking which has seen her take up the reins as the fourth generation of her family to run the Yorkshire-based bakery
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Hunters Cheshire Gin is a high quality, export strength London Dry Gin full of character - with it’s heart in Cheshire. Subtle citrus overtones with a spicy fruit edge using apples from historic Norton Priory Garden’s ancient orchard. A high quality single batch distillation from a three hundred year old recipe.
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Penworkshop vintage and classic fountain pen sales - PENWORKSHOP - Sale of vintage, classic and modern fountain pens and pencils. Fountain pens bought. Penworkshop, established in 2002, sells vintage, classic and modern fountain pens and pencils. All fountain pen are fully serviced at Penworkshop and in perfect working order. We also buy vintage, classic and modern fountain pens. Penworkshop specialises in the sale of vintage, classic and modern fountain pens and pencils. All pens listed for sale have been fully serviced in our workshop and are in perfect working order.We also buy fountain pens.
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Hotels For You | Cheap Hotels, Flights and Holidays For those who thought that India was only about nice food and culture, you're unsuitable. Indians and international vacationers are slowly waking up to the fact that India can be a unbelievable vacation spot for adventure excursions. Whether it is tenting, mountaineering or trekking in India, this huge nation presents many opportunities to deliver out the adventurer in you. Many tour operator supply guided Indian Trekking tours to these top trekking spots in order that tourists can experience the other side of adventurous India. Read Also – adelman travel It could possibly typically be exhausting to think of how you can entertain your youngsters. Youngsters consistently need something new to try to keep them energetic and engaged. There is no better option to tire them out and allow them to have a great time by sending them on a youngsters journey holiday. Journey holidays present a spread of actions for youngsters to participate in in order that they'll attempt their palms at all kinds of various expertise and hobbies. Your kids will likely be knackered by the tip of every day for having tried so many new activities and having a lot fun. The Himachal Tours do make it simple the best way to plan for one of the best vacation. The humpback whale, which is a seasonal customer to the Kingdom of Tonga, is a sort of baleen whale, with adults starting from twelve to sixteen metres in size and weighing in at round 36,000 kilograms. These gentle giants have a definite physique define, with very long pectoral fins and an attention-grabbing ridged head. Whale watchers in Tonga will attest to the fact that humpback whales are acrobatic swimmers, being effectively-identified for breaching and hitting the floor of the water with their pectoral fins advert tail flukes. Those who choose to go swimming and snorkelling with humpback whales will generally hear the males singing, an intricate sample which lasts from ten to twenty minutes and is repeated usually. Scientist consider these haunting sounds play a job in mating rituals, though their exact goal is not yet totally understood. As we have now promised you, there are more surprises ready for you with the Goa Tourism Services. The beach should be the very first thing if you hear concerning the Goa Tours, although there are so many other issues. Spectacular colonial monuments, hen sanctuaries and world heritage websites are some places the place you possibly can spoil your self within the affords provided by the Goa Tourism. So why wait, select one of the best plan from the numerous Goa Tours Packages. A youngsters adventure holidayis a great way so that you can know your child is getting a substantial amount of bodily activity in their day while having one of the best time of their lives. There may be often evening leisure at these journey holidays so that there is never a dull second for the youngsters. Even better, there is often a collection of actions to your little one to select from in order that they can tailor their day to what appeals to them. Journey holidays are fashionable all over the country, with programmes available in lots of places. Many even take place overseas. Adventure holidays usually happen in wooded areas where kids can enjoy the outside. From assault courses, to orienteering, there is loads to do while they take within the pure surroundings. Journey holidays also make an ideal opportunity on your child to make nice friends with kids from different areas. This implies your baby is not going to solely learn many new sensible abilities but in addition have the chance to meet a spread of people and learn all about them. The humpback whales journey from Antarctica to the island of Tonga can take them on an amazing journey of round 25,000 kilometres every year. These sea mammals will only feed on krill and small fish through the summer season months in icy polar waters, travelling to the tropical Tongan waters to each breed and give beginning to their calves. During this time they won't eat, living off their reserves of fats built up throughout summer time. Humpback whales have all kinds of feeding strategies which incorporates the bubble internet catching technique. Read Also – travel lite falcon On an equal degree of surprise and amazement, the Himachal Pradesh Tourism lies serenely on the northern side of the Himalayas. Flooded with landscapes that are more actual than postcards, the Himachal Pradesh Tourism Packages will take you to those spots the place you might have by no means imagined in your life. The Himachal Tourism Services also provide good rides to several places of religious importance. For sure, the Tours of Himachal Pradesh are standard among the many pilgrims. The Himachal Excursions do make it easy methods to plan for one of the best vacation. On our next record we have the Sikkim Tourism, which is successful especially among the adventurous holiday makers and those that love nature. The Sikkim Excursions are guaranteed for a particular rendezvous with some of the most wonderful locations on this world. You are in for the superb snow-capped mountains and breathtaking places with the Sikkim Excursions Packages. There may be hardly anything you will miss in the Sikkim Tourism Packages Tours. The North India Taj Mahal Excursions is the first thing that comes out of our suggestion. In a land distinctly marked by one of many illustrious intervals in Indian history, the Taj Mahal Tour Packages assured that your vacation shall be going again to the past. But this does not that the Taj Mahal India Excursions are solely about history. For example, the Taj Mahal Excursions will amaze you. For a touch, go for sigh seeing through the Tour of Taj Mahal. Ladakh Himalayas Trekking Ladakh; 'The Land of Excessive Passes' is a favourite vacation spot for trekking in India and for different journey tours. Located in the northernmost a part of India, Ladakh has breathtaking surroundings in addition to high mountains with altitudes that vary from wherever between 9,000 toes to 25,one hundred seventy feet. The must go to mountain ranges right here embrace the Higher Himalaya, the Karakoram range, the Ladakh vary and the Zanskar range. In addition to the snowy peaks of the Himalayas, mountaineers also get a style of ethnic culture as there are various villages, monasteries and historical sites that dot Ladakh's mountainscape. Whether or not you're a beginner, a trekker with a little bit of prior experience or a extremely experienced trekker, Ladakh is a trekker's paradise. Sikkim Himalayas Trekking Sikkim covers an area of solely 7096 is another fashionable trekking vacation spot here. Apart from being located in the north – jap a part of India, Sikkim is residence to some of the best mountains discovered in the Japanese Himalayas. One such mountain referred to as Mt. Kanchenjunga stands at a lofty peak of 8586 meters, is the third highest peak in the world and is a dream challenge for a veteran mountaineer. Trekking in Sikkim is finest carried out throughout spring and autumn as that is when one will get to see nature at its greatest. There are ample trekking routes that are well-suited for trekkers who are freshmen in addition to for these with good trekking expertise. Worldwide Travel Experts – On our subsequent list we've got the Sikkim Tourism, which is a success particularly among the adventurous vacation makers and people who love nature.
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Cotswolds pub & restaurant | luxury bed & breakfast | The Howard Arms A stunning 400 hundred year old Cotswolds pub, restaurant and bed & breakfast. The Howard Arms
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South By Southwest Adventures LLC. | Let your Adventure begin! 623.565.8432 928.421.1288 Skip to main content Toggle navigation Home About Us Team Experiences Specials All Testimonials News Contact Twitter Facebook Support We Are South by Southwest We are South by Southwest 2017 · ADVENTURE · COMMUNITY · CONSERVATION View Experiences http://sbsouthwest.com/sites/default/files/bg-home-sbsw-fullscreen.jpg About Us A New Type of Outfitter 2017 · PERSONALIZED TRIPS · EXPERT GUIDANCE · MANY OPPORTUNITIES What we do http://sbsouthwest.com/sites/default/files/bg-home-sbsw-fullscreen2.jpg Guide Most Experienced Verde Guides 2017 · ACA INSTRUCTORS · HIGHLY SKILLED GUIDES · OUTDOOR EXPERTS Meet the team http://sbsouthwest.com/sites/default/files/Lake-Test.jpg River Tours Whether you want to run the Verde or the Salt, guided or not, we have you covered with transportation and beta! Rental Gear You might be planning a few hours on the water, or a month long expedition. Either way we have the gear for you. Lake Trips On Lake Pleasant, we can take you for a guided trip, run a class, or just bring you a boat for the day! Community Events As Arizona families ourselves, community is key. Big or small, for-profit or non, we will help you plan any event you can imagine. Classes and Education The best way to stay safe is to get educated! As the only American Canoe Association Instructor certified company in the state, are you ready for class? Conservation Without our rivers, lakes and trails, none of us can do what we love. Help us help those who protect the land we love. About us. Founded in early 2014, South by Southwest Adventures LLC is dedicated to helping you explore more. As AZ natives and world explorers, we at South by Southwest have heard this question many times: "Isn''t Arizona all desert, what is there even to do around here?" Well allow us to show you! SbSW exists to educate about and share the beauty of the southwest. We have the gear, the guides, instructors, and the training to build custom river trips and outdoor experiences of a lifetime. All this so that we can bring you top notch trip planning, logistics, guided tours and outdoor experiences while maintaining your safety during your adventure. Looking for a corporate team building tour for you and a couple hundred of your employees? Let us take you down a river or canyon and give them all an experience they will never forget. Need something much smaller and simpler like rental gear for your next family vacation? Not a problem as there is no outdoor adventure idea that is too big or too small for us. Next time you are looking for rental gear, guidance to plan a trip, or guides for an adventure, give us a call. We will also repair gear, store it, or set up classes to teach you any outdoor skills you need to explore safely and with confidence. South by Southwest Adventures LLC, your full service outdoor concierge... more Meet the Crew. Interdisciplinary team for safety and adventure! Dylan Anderson Founder / Lead Guide Knows some good stuff, and does some things mighty fine. - Is what I want this to say. I''m being told that I should say I have been running rivers, teaching river skills, and playing on the water with various certifications since the 1990''s. Craig Walker Community Relations / Lead Guide Serving youth through the outdoors for 25 years, I am kid tested and mostly mother approved! Unless running tours for SBSW, I spend much of my time serving through Adventure Encounter''s non-profit outdoor programs to get kids off the couch and outside. Jeff Dallmann Guide Been living in Arizona for 45 years. Paddling and guiding whitewater for over 25 years throughout the southwest. I like to share my love for rivers with everyone! Our Water. Our guided and unguided trips take place on several waterways. Check here for all the information you need to plan your trips and prepare for an awesome day trip or even a week long expedition. If you need more beta, just call us! The Verde River is our main year round river trip with spring fed sources and reliable flows. The Lower Salt River is dam controlled and very predictable but only running in the summer. Lake Pleasant offers the most convenient flat water paddling with many interesting coves and a fascinating history. VERDE RIVER NEAR CLARKDALE - 09504000 57cfs VERDE RIVER NEAR CAMP VERDE - 09506000 143cfs SALT RIVER BLW STEWART MOUNTAIN DAM - 09502000 6.4cfs SALT RIVER NEAR CHRYSOTILE - 09497500 570cfs LAKE PLEASANT 91.13% 5596 Happy Guests Have paddled with us 854 Trips Taken On Arizona rivers and lakes 1 Million Miles Traveled Paddling, hiking and exploring 26 Organizations Helped Through our community outreach I choose to listen to the river for a while, thinking river thoughts, before joining the night and the stars. Edward Abbey Rivers flow not past, but through us; tingling, vibrating, exciting every cell and fiber in our bodies, making them sing and glide. John Muir So, I had the so-called disadvantage of very little access to equipment and very few mentors that could tell me what could be done in a kayak, but then I also had the distinct advantage of having nobody who could tell me what couldn't be done. Steven Fischer Great Experiences. Creating trips and services that transform lives . All Guided Trips 3 Unguided Trips 1 Services 1 Retail 1 Rental Gear 3 Stand Up Paddle Board Rentals Stand Up Paddleboard Rentals Down The Creek Tour Guided River Adventure Inflatable Kayak Rental NRS MaverIK or RMR Animas Full Moon Paddle Guided Lake Adventure Up The Creek Tour Guided River Expedition Fluid Kayak Rental Do-It-Now Sit on Top more Get Connected. Stay connected with us through social networks! Facebook Be Our Friend Twitter Follow Us Youtube Our New Videos Instagram See Our Images Linkedin Check Our Identity Pinterest Our Visual Discovery What we do. We use our expertise to make your adventure happen. Building Opportunities ACA Instructors, medical professionals, and access technicians: our diverse experience and offerings are designed to help you build your perfect adventure. Creating Experiences Working with youth groups, non-profits and experts in their fields, we seek to protect the environment by showing you that which you have never seen before Products You Need Kayaks, rafts, stand up paddle boards and camping gear... if you need it to explore, we will sell, rent or repair it to keep you exploring. Services To Help Tours, classes, rentals, sales and gear repairs: whatever your experience and need, allow us to help you get out exploring today. FEEL LIKE TRAVELING WITH US? Questions, comments or concerns, we love to hear them all. In the world of outdoor adventure, the only bad question is the unasked one. Get in Touch SPRING BREAK $75 Per Person RIVER SPECIAL Included in Tour: Professional guides (ACA, WFR, OEC, etc) Kayak and Equip. inc All fees/taxes inc. Offer good for reservations made for Select dates only CALL TO BOOK! MID-WEEK RENTAL $35 or 45 Per Boat w/ Local ID Rent four or more Get one FREE! Equal or Lesser value Includes PFD, Paddle and Pump Kayak of choice, single or double Offer good Tues-Thurs weekly Offer ends 5/31/18 SIGN UP NOW! Full Monty Adventure longest trip offered $109 Per Person Included in Tour: Professional guides (ACA, WFR, OEC, etc) Transportation inc. hotel pick up Kayak and Equip. inc All fees/taxes inc. Includes extra 2+ miles/1+ hour on water Offer good through end of year SIGN UP NOW! Partner Organizations and Permitters Meet our partner companies, the organizations we support, and the entities that permit us to operate. What clients say. Hear what over 2000 satisfied customers say about us! ...The net result is that our float felt much more like a fun day outing with a good friend, rather than some tightly controlled, by-the-numbers exercise... —M. Philip E. on June 18, 2015 from Yelp M. Philip E. ...Service was friendly and knowledgable. Took us to the put in and picked us up two hours later. Beautiful scenery and a few light rapids to make it exciting. —Bill D on July 26, 2015 from Tripadvisor Bill D Great time on the water. Thanks, Dylan! — David M on Jul 3, 2014 David M All Testimonials Read More... Guests thoughts from around the web. Let''s explore together. Name * Email * Subject * Message * company We would love to hear from you so let''s get in touch! CONTACT US TODAY! 11802 N 67th Ave, Glendale, AZ 85304 551 N Main Street, Cottonwood, AZ 86326 (623) 565-8432 (928) 421-1288 Watch our Reel. We build trips that will be remembered for life Play Video Check out South by Southwest Adventures on Yelp Newsletter and Reviews Subscribe to receive new tips, inspiration and our weekly news! Visit us today! 11802 N 67th Ave, Glendale, Arizona 551 N Main Street, Cottonwood, Arizona (623) 565-8432 (928) 421-1288 info@sbsouthwest.com About SbSW Founded in early 2014, South by Southwest Adventures LLC is dedicated to helping you explore more. We offer tours, classes and rental equipment and work with all community minded organizations and individuals to educate and protect our beautiful natural environments. © 2014-2018 South by Southwest Adventures. All Rights Reserved. Some equipment or tours provided by Sedona Adventure Tours, Saguaro Lake Ranch, and Lower Gear. Book Now!
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Edwin M Sarmiento | Intentional Excellence I had the amazing opportunity to do a presentation for the PASS DBA Fundamentals Virtual Chapter last week. In the past, I usually talked about SQL Server, specifically around high availability and disaster recovery. Besides, that's my key area of expertise and I want the community to learn a lot from my experiences. In fact, I also try my best to do presentations for the PASS HA/DR Virtual Chapter. However, the one thing that I've been doing ever since I got involved in the SQL Server community is focus on professional development. I'm a big believer in developing soft skills alongside the technical skills. Almost all of my presentations at the PASS Summit are about professional development. So, when the chapter leaders of the DBA Fundamentals VC asked me to do a session, I suggested doing a professional development topic instead of the usual technical topics. This year alone, I've had the opportunity to talk to almost a hundred database administrators, system engineers, even developers thru my consulting projects, training classes and presentations at events and conferences. I found a common thread in my conversations: IT professionals are suffering. Despite being in an industry known for technological advancements and high-paying jobs, a lot of us are suffering. We're feeling stuck in a job that we're starting to (or maybe already) hate, a schedule that causes us to miss special family events, overworked, over-stressed, unhealthy, etc. If this sounds like you, then, watch the video recording of my presentation. However, be warned… Because when you hear these five (5) shifts, you might just get a little upset with yourself. Especially since these will be so obvious once you hear them.
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Location guides for business travellers and expats | Amazing Capitals Amazing Capitals unique city and regional guides for expats and business travellers in Germany, China, Poland, Czech Republic and more on their way
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Questions about epoxy (tables, boat, decks) answered Technical How To Help 603.435.7199 Get table floor marine epoxy answers how to help phone or email
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footerMK.jpg The Settle Harriers web site. Settle Harriers is a small club based at the western edge of the Yorkshire Dales in the North Craven area, in the towns of Settle, Ingleton and Hellifield. Founded in 1987, we are a growing club with over one hundred members. Although most of our members are fell runners we enter several road, trail and cross country races throughout the year as well as other sports including cycling, adventure racing and triathlons
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Texas A&M University-Commerce Texas A&M University-Commerce is a four year university offering more than one hundred courses of study from 26 academic departments.
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Wholesale Costumes & Wholesale Party Supplies - BuySeasons Direct Whether you are looking to purchase a few hundred dollars worth of product a few times a year, or you have larger needs, BuySeasons has a wholesale solution for you!
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Edmund Quek | Economics Cafe | Economics Tuition | Top Economics Tutor Economics Cafe is a leading economics tuition centre specialising in A-level economics tuition. Mr Edmund Quek (MSSc Economics) is the Principal Economics Tutor.
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Children''s Books Online: the Rosetta Project, Inc. Children''s Books Online: the Rosetta Project is the largest collection of illustrated antique children''s books on-line.
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A Maths Dictionary for Kids by Jenny Eather| Definitions | Free Math Posters and Charts | Maths Examples | Math Words | Math Glossary | Math Terms | Interactive, animated maths dictionary with over 630 common math terms and math words explained in simple language with examples. Device friendly version with 950+ entries. Math glossary with math definitions, examples, math practice interactives, mathematics activities, math calculators, math charts and posters. © Jenny Eather 2001-2016.
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SSS Online Portal | History of Bangladesh is full of power shifts, disasters, conflicts and victory. Though Bangladesh is a small country in Asia, historically it is very important. She has seen important rises and falls in history. The earliest history is a little vague. The political life of ancient Bangladesh can be found in the Greek and Latin History. In 326 BCE, when Alexander the Great invaded India, he withdrew from his conquered place as he anticipated a counter attack from the Bengal region. The Bengal region was then ruled by some valiant rulers. Bengal region was ruled by the Hindu kings. The Muslims first invaded the area in 13th Century. They seized control and established their independent rule. They ruled for nearly two hundred years without any major foreign invasion. But in 15th Century, the traders from different countries of Europe started coming to Bengal region. The Portuguese, Dutch, French and British came one by one into this region. The main reason of the European traders for coming to this region was to make money from the local market. They wanted to spread their influence in the field of trade and economy in South Asia. Though the traders had economic motives when they arrived, soon they took interest in the local politics. In 1757, the last Muslim leader of Bengal region was defeated by the British. The British started ruling the Bengal region. They imposed their rule upon the people of that region. They controlled West Bengal for approximately two hundred years. The British people had to leave India and Bengal region for strong pressure from the local intellectuals and ordinary people. Near the end of the Second World War, the size of the British Empire got reduced. The empire was breaking down. Though Gandhi and Viceroy Lord Mountbattan both tried to unite the Hindus and Muslims, the Muslims felt insecure. They were worried because they thought they will be neglected in India as this is a region dominated by the Hindus. Due to the situation, Lord Mountbattan decided to divide the subcontinent in 1947. Two countries were born instead of one. One is India and another is Pakistan. According to the partition agreement, India would be a Hindu state and Pakistan would be a Muslim state. Pakistan was divided into two parts: East Pakistan (Bengal) and West Pakistan (Punjab). Even after the partition, there were conflicts between the Hindus and Muslims. So, finally Muslims left India and moved to Pakistan. The Hindus left Pakistan and moved to India. Though there were disparity between the history, culture, lifestyle, language and customs of the two parts of Pakistan, they were united on the basis of shared belief in Muslim religion. But problems arose soon when the rulers started distinguishing the people of West Pakistan from the East Pakistan. The disparity in all sectors made the people of East Pakistan angry. The discontent grew due to the unfair policies and partial treatment of the people of East Pakistan by the government. When Urdu was imposed upon the people of East Pakistan, they revolted. Many people die for the language. The language movement brought the courage among the people of Bangladesh and they dreamt of freeing the land from the invasion of Pakistan. Finally, in 1971, after a bloody war of 9 months, Bangladesh became independent. Bangladesh Travel Guide – Three Cities to Visit With air travel becoming ever more affordable regardless of destination, scheduling a trip to exotic locations like Bangladesh is becoming the norm rather than the exception in today's travel culture. Likewise, the expansive reach of the internet now allows any traveler to check a prospective tourist destination in advance so much so that one can now plan a trip entirely on a mobile phone mobile internet device. Such advancements in travel and tourism have simplified the process so much that all one needs to do is decide exactly where to go and everything else is taken cared of from there. From insurance quotes to itinerary booking, any traveler is now safe in the hands of advance travel planning. For this reason, it comes down to deciding which three cities in, say Bangladesh, is well worth the visit for any traveler looking to relax, unwind, and see the world. You can find many article source references on the subject but for ease and convenience, we are listing down the three cities in Bangladesh that is well worth anyone's time. Dhaka. The capital and largest city in Bangladesh, Dhaka is a melting pot of the old and the new. Dhaka is also an ideal springboard for further incursions into other parts of the country. It features the most extensive list of local tourism agencies which will do all things for you short of sending a "Good Night SMS." Dhaka is also an excellent venue for getting all the necessary supplies in case you plan on spending a night or two in many of the more exotic destinations that grant access to wildlife, camping, hiking, and other outdoor adventures. Instead of spending your time reading phen375 reviews, perhaps you'd lose more weight if you spend time in Dhaka and other Bangladeshi locations. Not only are you seeing the world, but you are also doing your body a favor as well. Sundarbans. Located in the southern part of Bangladesh, Sundarbans is home to some of the most recognizable natural attractions anywhere in the world. This is a prime location for beautiful forests, the biggest mangrove growth in the world, and expansive delta swamps. Are you looking for an alternative to the Africa Safari? Sundarbans ably fits the bill. While you may not be able to buy premium Kratom here, you get everything else in the name of a crazy and wild adventure and for any nature lover, that's a trip that is well worth the attraction. Kuakata. Far away from the commercialized beaches in many other Asian locations, Kuakata in Bangladesh offers reclusive beach locations that make you feel like you are in paradise. The beaches here are strategically located to give you a stunning view of both the sunrise and the sunset. Bring your labrador retriever with you and it may feel like home away from home. Online public relations information allows you to scout your trip ahead of time. If you want more information on Bangladesh prior to scheduling a trip, do your homework and look up all the necessary information. Past that, you will not regret booking a trip to Bangladesh. Easily one of the most romantic getaways on Earth, you'll find all the comfort, relaxation and quiet that you need in Bangladesh, in the company of animals, the stunning beach and an expansive blue sky. You'll probably ask yourself why you did not come sooner. The History of Bangladesh Compared to its more popular neighbors Indian, Pakistan and Burma, the history of Bangladesh is not as well known. However, this does not mean that the history of this small country in South Asia is anything less dramatic or interesting. Like dreamweaver templates, the history of Bangladesh presents its own set of challenges and subplots that are intriguing to any student of world history but importantly to those who have taken a keen interest at this country. Bangladesh did not become a formal sovereign state until 1971 but even before this, it already had a rich culture that was well documented in the region. This is because the thriving religions of Hinduism and Buddhism all had their roots somewhere in the region where Bangladesh is located. As such, the land on which modern-day Bangladesh has stood has been a stirring witness to rise and fall of many civilizations in the area. No amount of anti wrinkle cream can hide the fact that Bangladesh has laid witness to countless wars for various purposes from the early Gupta and Harsha Empires of the 3rd to 6th centuries CE to the last war that led to its independence. The long history of Bangladesh paved the way to the occupation of the British in the 19th century. The change in governing authority was more like a drug detox for the people of Bangladesh who had to get accustomed to a new set of political, religious and economic policies. It was never a melaleuca experience; rather it was a time of serious struggle for the people who had to adjust to foreign influences for the very first time. Still, this also marks the period where the people of Bangladesh were formally introduced to the benefits coming from the West particularly in the area of education and medical aid. Formal independence for Bangladesh was gained following the war in 1971. This was after Bangladesh was originally considered as East Pakistan. While the country remained under Indian influences for the next few years, Bangladesh began to be freely ruled by people from within the country. This marked a period of steady progress where Bangladesh opened itself to modernization, and economic growth via capitalism. With the introduction of modern advantages like online mba for students, the growth of it jobs, and even technological benefits like home alarm systems, Bangladesh is slowly but surely introducing itself into the world. Still, the history of Bangladesh continues to evolve today as the country fights to overcome serious social, political and economic issues in the 21st century. Its economy enjoys a solid BB- rating which is higher than that of Pakistan and neighbor Sri Lanka but it also continues to suffer from rampant perceptions of corruption and crime. As Bangladesh forges ahead, there is no doubt it will be present in many an ebook reader detailing its ascent into the world stage. Only time will tell if Bangladesh makes the leap from being a developing country into a development one. That is something that the government and its people must work hard at achieving in order to be able to provide a bright future for the future generations of Bangladeshi citizens. The Three Must See Cities in Bangladesh If you are all for travel and tourism to exotic destinations particularly those in the Southeast Asian region, then there are three must-see cities in Bangladesh that you need to visit to complete your whirlwind tour of The Far East. While the name of these cities are fairly hard to remember or might cause you to cheat at scrabble, there are plenty of reasons – mainly religious and cultural – that make Bangladesh and its cities a definite stopover during a trip in the region. Here are the three must-see cities in Bangladesh and what you should expect when you drop by these unique tourism destinations. Dhaka. The capital of Bangladesh, its primary attraction has to be its mind-boggling "collection" of rickshaw transports. By conservative estimates, there are roughly 400,000 rickshaws running around Dhaka on any given day and you do not need a masters of accounting to tell you that such a number is truly astounding especially when you consider that Dhaka is not even close to being considered a major metropolitan district by global standards. Rickshaws are the lifeblood of Dhaka as a city and they bring tourists closer to the city attractions figuratively and literally speaking. Dhaka is also home to plenty of cultural attractions like the prominent national holidays on March 26 commemorating the nation's Independence, February 21 as the Language Martyr's day, and the 16th of December as Victory Day. These carry the local Buddhist and Hindu influences in the region and are excellent attractions to those interested in learning about East Asian culture. Any masters in education or even those planning RN to BSN online programs but would want to take a break before plunging to the rigors of intensive studying can certainly benefit from the refreshing atmosphere that is Dhaka, Bangladesh. Of course, we mean that in the full cultural sense of the word. Chittagong. Next to Dhaka, Bangladesh, Chittagong is the next biggest city in the country and is home to a multicultural collection of beliefs influenced by Islamic, Buddhist, and Hindu cultures primarily because of its location as a port. Chittagong is also home to the rich historical chapters that helped defined Bangladesh as the struggles opposing the conquering invaders of the Second World War had its roots here. At its very best, Chittagong is undergoing a dramatic face lift and is becoming an attractive home to many an umbrella company as the city is widely considered as one of the fastest growing metropolitan districts in the world. If you want to see a third-world city in action, or if you are planning to grow your business in East Asia, there is little doubt that Chittagong is the best place to be in as it also gives you access to neighboring territories like Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, Northeast India, and even Southern China. Khulna. Rounding up the list of the three must-see cities in Bangladesh is Khulna which, not surprisingly, is the 3rd largest city in the country after Chittagong and Dhaka. Khulna is a vital location for many a masters in health administration professional as majority of the world's battles against infectious diseases are being waged here, including malaria and water-borne diseases. Still, it cannot be denied that Khulna remains to be a vital and strategic location for business and economics in the region as it is like a city with a coach hire advertisement sign as it seeks to remodel itself into a vital economic hub next to Chittagong. As Bangladesh grows, so will Khulna with all the potential that it offers. While Bangladesh is far from being one of the most recognizable cities in the world, its potential for growth is more than apparent. Consequently, it remains to be a popular destination for exotic tourism escapades or even backpacking trips for religious and spiritual discoveries. The next time you find yourself in Bangladesh, check out Dhaka, Chittagong, and Khulna for all the great attractions that it offers. With these, you can make your Bangladesh visit one that will be truly memorable for many years to come. Travel Tips While Visiting Bangladesh If you have never been to Bangladesh and you are looking for more information on the country, its citizens, the roads, the sightseeing that is worth awhile there, the best types of hotels to stay in or what precaution measures should you be taking if you are planning on going here for the summer, you should read article here and learn everything there is to know about Bangladesh and Bangladesh tourism in particular. First and foremost, you are going to have to think about the prefect time of the year when you can visit Bangladesh. Once you are done with this type of planning, you should go ahead and decide what type of transportation means should you better opt for. Taking the bus could represent an action that is going to submit you to a constant threat of terrorism is some areas of Bangladesh. Driving to this far-distant country could also prove to not be a great idea. Taking your time and doing the proper amount of research about traveling to and visiting Bangladesh should also help you understand if taking your english mastiff along is a good idea or not, especially if you are going to be travelling to cities such as Sylhet and Chittagogn Hill Tracts. There are no top dental hygienist schools awaiting for there, but rather cruel acts of terrorism that might be welcoming you on these lands. As a matter of fact, the general lines of recommendations refer to the avoidance of tourism travelling to these parts of Bangladesh, as you will also be required to go through some rather harsh formalities. The official authorities are going to be asking for a 10-day notice in regards to your travel plans in Chittagong Hill Tracts. In other words, the situation can get so delicate there, that, at times, not even the best wrinkle creams on the planet should be able to help you forget all about your terrorism-related experience. Violent street disorders, local abductions of citizens or politicians and bus or public vehicle burning activities are not uncommon here. Ordering some books using Amazon Australia and doing some heavy reading about acts of terrorism should aid you learn more about this threats of the 21th century. Plus, pick pocketing and armed robberies are also often times occurring in Bangladesh, so special attention needs to attributed to doing your shopping there. As for the road travelling itself, you also need to pay special attention to the poor road conditions and the poor quality of the roads. Speeding and aggressive overtaking of the road are going to yet pose another threat to you, so if you are thinking about going to Bangladesh in order to be a part of some mph programs, you should probably think again. Upon preparing your incursion here, you might as well think about asking some masters of social work students to tell you how to handle travelling to countries that are under the threat of terrorism. Bangladesh Breakdown Country Analysis Bangladesh The Vibrant Culture of Bangladesh When eyeing a country to visit in Asia, it helps to be acquainted with the vibrant culture of Bangladesh, a small country of 148 million people sandwiched between India and Burma. Not too long ago, the reputation of Bangladesh was such that it was a poor country reliant on agriculture, tourism, and fishery as its primary means for livelihood. However, the growth of industrial and commercial markets primarily coming from India and spilling over to Bangladesh and fueled by more research into technologies designed to push the region forward has dramatically uplifted the quality of life in Bangladesh. As such, it is now one of the more enticing destinations for tourists from all over the globe. With regard to the culture of this vibrant country, everything begins with the influence of history and religion to what has become of Bangladesh today. It is heavily influenced by the cultures from India and the Cambodian peninsula which is discussed in better detail when you click here. Bangladesh also has very strong ties to Islamic traditions from nearby Middle East and this is also an essential determinant in today's economy where company ratings can be traced to connections in the Arab peninsula. The same can be said of the music coming from Bangladesh. While the country does not produce Taylor guitars for export, you can bet that it has a long list of musical instruments that pool together the country's rich history and cultural heritage. Such instruments include the ektara, dhol, dotara and tabla and are important musical pieces in North Indian classical music. The richness of the musical genre also spills over into the dance scene as there are many folk dances, not different from those in South Africa, which are predominantly buoyed by the local tradition in the area. More importantly, the myriad of festivals and celebrations in Bangladesh are major tourist attractions the whole year around and are strong enough that the industry fuels subsequent other businesses like home remodeling companies that kick into high gear at the onset of the tourist season. Festivals like the Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha of the Islamic calendar are well received and widely sought out by foreigners more than you would expect with a free cell phone. The same can be said of colorful Hindu festivals like Kali Puja, Durga Puja, and Saraswati Puja while Buddhist festivals like the birth of Buddha are also celebrated. There is so much to see and enjoy in Bangladesh, borne on the shoulders of its rich cultural heritage. Book a trip today and see for yourself why Bangladesh is one of the most traveled destinations in Central Asia. It's a trip that will surely fill your heart with great memories and one that will open your eyes to the richness and diversity of Bengali culture. Is Bangladesh Worth Visiting? Whenever we hear of tourist destinations marketed heavily, we always end up asking ourselves whether that place is worth visiting or not in the first place. A classic case, for example, is Bangladesh where tourism ads have been revving in full gear for a while now. Those ads do not shy away from proclaiming all the good things in Bangladesh so much so that, just from reading the ads, one would surely be enticed to check out the potential travel destinations. You find yourself reading, and then shortly after, clicking the first link to people's testimonies about Bangladesh. So is it really worth visiting? Should you even bother to plan a trip to Bangladesh? The true answer is that it really depends on your goals as a tourist. Let's be honest; it's unreasonable to expect that you will find the best in First World amenities in Bangladesh. You can't expect to see first class counterparts of your Dentist Salem Oregon or Vancouver WA dentists. If you are expecting the best that the world has to offer when you visit Bangladesh, then you will be sorely disappointed. However, this does not mean that Bangladesh is the complete opposite of what you'd expect from a first class tourist destination. The capital, Dhaka, is fairly industrialized owing to the huge volume of businesses that finds its way into Bangladesh. As a result, the amenities have followed suit and international hotel brands are not setting shop in Bangladesh. On the one hand, you may not find a Domestic Violence Attorney Seattle counterpart in Bangladesh, but finding a Westin hotel or a Radisson Blu Garden Hotel is more than enough to make up for your worries. But of course, this is not why one should come to Bangladesh. For that, you would have to be interested in the culture. Bangladesh draws inspiration from the unique intersection of the Hindu and Buddhist religions resulting in one of the more unique cultural marriages in the world. Its literature, music and arts, and norms are heavily influenced by this social union. While you may not find fantasy football names here, the festivals and attractions will be more than sufficient to keep you engaged. The cities also offer a unique insight in Third World life. Bangladesh is dominated by huge populations packed in the metropolitan areas offering a unique avenue for observing the life of many who seek to make it in the big city. Between the cars, scooters, and rickshaws during the rush hour traffic, plus the added beauty of Bangladesh's many waterways, there is plenty to see and explore in the city. You can even watch people window cleaning high alongside tall skyscrapers, if only to see how the life in this progressive country relies heavily on manpower resources. Bangladesh has plenty to offer for the right person and is certainly a good place to find something new. Learn more about what Bangladesh can offer so you can personally decide if indeed, this is a country that is well worth visiting for a tourist getaway. Economic Progress in Bangladesh There seems to be a common perception from many in the Western world that most countries in Asia outside of the notables like China, Japan, Singapore, and Russiaare wallowing in continued poverty and have yet to enjoy the benefits of economic progress. Do a quick survey in Americaasking about the economic progress in Bangladesh and the long-standing perception is that the country is more than likely to have never heard of the somanabolic muscle maximizer scam and many similarly complicated ploys. All told, it is hard to picture a country as notoriously languid as Bangladesh snapping out of its funk and finally climbing the rungs of economic progress. Is this perception true or can we be any more farther from the truth? Consider the facts vetted by multiple UN agencies and recently released to pronounce Bangladesh's slow but sure arrival on the world economic stage: 6% GDP growth amidst the global economic crisis when most western countries were seeing declines 8% growth on the industrial sector 6% growth in the services department 4% growth in agriculture 90% of all annual public spending is now supported by domestic sources rather than borrowed from international agencies like the IMF and World Bank The economic progress shown by Bangladesh over the last few years has been nothing short of astounding especially when considered in the light of Bangladesh's recent economic struggles. In a relatively short period, the country has moved from basic cash advance transactions to being an attractive hub for foreign investments in South Asia. Bangladesh primarily draws on its manpower competitive advantage to funnel jobs from rising economic powers China and India so much so that in recent years, company equivalents to a Beaverton Auto Accident assistance firm are beginning to exist. A big portion of the rise in economic performance is driven by key changes to policies which have fostered a business-friendly climate well beyond your everyday plumber chester business. Specific examples include fair and speedy processing steps for local and foreign investors alike leveling the playing field and allowing outsiders to put up their business quickly and efficiently. A Scottish Trust Deed business equivalent deciding to establish a base in Bangladesh would take no more time than a local businessman putting up an agricultural company. The same can be said of legal measures to protect from nationalization, the strict enforcement of intellectual property laws, reduced duties on imports as well as subsidies on exports, and even corporate tax holidays among other things. The long road to economic independence is slowly off for Bangladesh although it is certain that more time is required before people begin to buy Kratom just because they can, rather than do it out of need. Still, any road to progress, no matter how slow, is much better than taking a few steps backward. No doubt,Bangladesh's recent economic data suggests it is trending in the right direction with more reason for continued optimism. Only time, and the vigorous implementation of more business-friendly policies, can guarantee that growth will be sustained. In the interim, there is cause for a minor celebration. In the long-term, there is certainly cause for much hope. The Flourishing Export Business in Bangladesh The People's Republic of Bangladesh is one of the flourishing countries in Asia, despite it being a flood-prone nation during the rainy season. It has quite a lot of resources that has attracted investors for import and export businesses and local trading as well, generating a positive input in supplier and client history. While farmers and crop cultivators make up the majority of the country's population, the export business in Bangladesh generally come from the supreme group of fabrics and textiles that they manufacture. They are also known to have large deposits of minerals such as limestone, hard rock and silicone sand. Even though the country has quite a lot of resources in almost every industry, especially in the agricultural side, the absence of competent technologies to harness them is one of the main reasons why their assets have yet to reach the full potential of being explored and properly utilized. They have yet to take advantage of the high-end equipments that will transform their raw materials to several things that are deemed useful to every country. Nevertheless, their current export ventures in the garment business are still a promising one for the Bangladeshis. They are also doing export on leather, paper, tea, ceramic items, to name a few, and all of which have given positive inputs in the economy. The major counterparts of Bangladesh in their imported and exported products are India, China, Japan, USA, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Taiwan, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, and other countries in Europe. Companies involved in this major activity stay in touch with suppliers and customers alike through the virtual phone service that helps them stay organized and connected with each other at all times. In doing so, they are keeping their economy in the balance by importing the goods they need and produce products for local and internal consumption, by means of export. True, Bangladesh may still be laid back in terms technology innovation, but their manpower has never failed to sustain and maintain their status in the global market. Aside from the thriving economy of Bangladesh, the country has also quite a number of natural resources to be proud of. It is primarily because of the Sundarbans, which is considered to be the world's biggest mangrove forest, where the Royal Bengal Tiger resides, among many other beautiful creatures in the wild. Shapla is the country's national flower, known to many as water lily, while Kathal, or jackfruit, is their national fruit, and of late, they have chosen their national tree to be that of a mango. With the natural beauty of the country and persistence among its citizens, Bangladesh will continue to attract new markets and globally be recognized as one of the leading exporters of prime commodities. Neighboring countries may have yet to learn more from their ways and adopt their simplicity and sincerity in approaching things. Needless to say, they have gone far with lesser modern mechanism, and will continue to achieve much more if they are given the opportunity to be explored. Is Bangladesh in Crisis? Bangladesh politics offers some great insights into what can happen when abuse of authority can corrupt an otherwise peaceful march to progress and equality. From late 2006 to 2008, Bangladesh was embroiled in a deadly and violent political crisis which claimed the lives of many people. Many a professional institute focusing on global political affairs point to the root of the whole conflict as the mismanagement of political authority when it was conferred by the Bangladeshi constitution during a period of political transition. There are basically two dominant political parties in Bangladesh; the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) and the Awami League. In late 2006, a caretaker government was formed to oversee the administration of the national election following a two-decade long political conflict. This was not Ibiza where blue horizons were seen up ahead. Instead, the Awami League questioned what it termed where unfair acts by the caretaker government designed to manipulate the results of the upcoming election. When the Awami League announced that it would boycott the upcoming election, the political crisis boiled over leading to riots and clashes which claimed the life of many political supported on both sides. The cessation of hostilities in late 2008 was made possible by the intervention of the UN and the EU in Bangladeshi political affairs. This intervention led to the creation of an interim government where the President was not elected. It only served to momentarily diffuse the tensions like lulls on movie trailers online but as long as the issues remain, the threat continues to be present and waiting for the right moment to manifest itself. Enter 2013 when the EU and UN have suspended their participation in the election monitoring process owing to claims that a credible political system for fair and equal voting does not exist. This has set the stage for what can be another deadly round of political crisis in Bangladesh. Like sciatica that only lies dormant, now is perhaps the time where it can all resurface again with even more deadly consequences. The planned 2013 elections in Bangladesh give rise to two very important issues that require attention not only by the local ruling government but also by international watchdogs with a stake in the country. These are the rise of election-related violence as parties go against each other in the pursuit of their own respective agenda, and the role of the increasingly imbalanced military which can escalate violence even further. Both elements are so serious it cannot be addressed by the metaphorical coconut oil for face approach. Something needs to be done if a new round of violence is to be prevented. So what can we expect from this political turmoil? There is no clear answer to that question, but there are sound suggestions. First, the sitting government led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina from the Awami League must take careful steps to assure the BNP that a fair election will occur, much like when the Awami clamored for BNP to do the same in 2008. Second, a conciliatory approach needs to be taken akin to employing a car accident attorney to objectively settle matters. Third, the military must remain non-biased on the issue, but also restrained in its quest to control the conflict. This is a goal that is far easier said than done. So is Bangladesh in crisis? It might not be, YET. Only time will tell if the parties involved can come into a peaceful resolution of their differences so they can forge a credible government which will carry Bangladesh to its future;if not, then there is little doubt that a political crisis is about to happen again. And this time, the consequences can be even deadlier. ICC Twenty20 World Cup 2014 Held In Bangladesh The best cricket players in the world recently gathered in Bangladesh to compete in the 2014 ICC World Twenty20 tournament. Organized by the International Cricket Council (ICC), the games were played from March 16 to April 6, 2014 in three cities of Dhaka, Chittagong, and Sylhet. Although this was already the 5th ICC World Twenty20 competition, it was the second consecutive time that an Asian country, Bangladesh, hosted the event. The 2012 version was held in Sri Lanka. Established in June 15, 1909, the International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of the popular sports of cricket. The ICC is headquartered in Dubai, United Arab Emirates and has 106 member countries including Bangladesh, Australia, England, India, New Zealand, Canada, and other countries. There are 10 Full Members that play official Test matches, 37 Associate Members, and 59 Affiliate Members. The ICC World Twenty20, aka ICC World T20 or World Twenty20, is an international championship of Twenty20 cricket normally held every two years. The first ever tournament was held in 2007 in South Africa and was won by India. Twenty20 cricket, commonly shortened to T20, is a form of cricket that was first played in England and Wales for professional inter-county tournaments in 2003 and administered by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB). Introduced to create a more lively form of cricket, a Twenty20 game can be completed in approximately three hours. Each inning lasts about 75-90 minutes with 10-20 minutes interval. Such is the worldwide popularity of the Twenty20 game that the ICC adopted the format and made it into an international competition in the form of the ICC World Twenty20 tournament. The ICC World Twenty20 is played on a group stage and knockout format. Points are awarded to teams during Round 1 and Super 10 stages. 2 points for win, 1 point for no result/tie, zero for loss. During the 2014 tournament, 16 warm-up matches were played in March 12-19, 2014. In the Group stage, teams were clustered into Group A and Group B. In the Super 10, teams were organized into Group 1 and Group 2. In the Knockout stage, four teams competed in the Semifinals until two teams remain and competed in the championship round. The following teams directly qualified for the Super 10: Australia, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, and West Indies. The following teams qualified for the group stage: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Hong Kong, Ireland, Nepal, Netherlands, United Arab Emirates, and Zimbabwe. After holding thirty-five matches at three different venues, the tournament closed by declaring Sri Lanka as the champion. Virat Kohli of India was declared the Man of the Series as well as the player with the most runs of 319. Most wickets awards were given to Imran Tahir of South Africa and Ahsan Malik of Netherlands, each with 12 wickets. To learn more about wicket, visit icc-cricket.com to get more information. If you have the desire to learn cricket, then go for it, have fun, and play. Please browse through the Web pages of our portal to find out more about the SSS organisation and our objectives, and to make a donation by clicking on the Donate logo, on the right hand side of the page. About SSS Welcome to SSS!Society for Social Service (SSS) is a local non-profit, non-political, non-governmental voluntary organisation. It was established in November 1986 by the initiative of a group of development workers of Tangail district in order to promote the socio-economic condition of the underprivileged and indigent Bangladeshi people with special attention to women and children.
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Chicago Symphony Orchestra In collaboration with the best conductors and guest artists on the international music scene, the CSO performs well over one hundred concerts each year at its downtown home, Symphony Center and at the Ravinia Festival on Chicago’s North Shore.
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Shop online in the U.S. and Europe on hundred of stores like Amazon, eBay, Walmart, and receive your purchases in the comfort of your home or office
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Music Farm Productions : MF Productions Music Farm Productions produces over two hundred events per year. Comedy, rock, hip hop, EDM, bluegrass, country, jam, and alternative rock.
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Island Photography - PRESERVE THE MOMENT. Our mission still stands today, two decades later, we are industry leaders in photographing Graduations, Yearbook Portraits, Sports and Road Race Photography. The coverage of each event is well thought out to ensure we capture multiple images of all participants. Currently, Island Photography covers over fifteen hundred events per year rendering over two million images. The digital industry has helped us serve you better by faster delivery time, more images and the ability to fine tune images. As a company, we continue to push the envelope on new technology searching for new ways to better serve you, the customer and the administrator.
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Palestinian Return Centre - London The Palestinian Return Centre is an independent consultancy focusing on the historical, political and legal aspects of the Palestinian Refugees. The organization offers expert advice to various actors and agencies on the question of Palestinian Refugees within the context of the Nakba - The catastrophe following the forced displacement of Palestinians in 1948 - and serves as an information repository on other related aspects of the Palestine question and the Arab-Israeli conflict. It specializes in the research, analysis, and monitoring of issues pertaining to the dispersed Palestinians and their internationally recognized legal right to return.
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HALF STAFF AMERICAN FLAG NOTIFICATIONS | HALF STAFF AMERICAN FLAG NOTIFICATIONS Presidential Proclamation on the Death of John David Dingell, Jr. Issued on: February 8, 2019 As a mark of respect for the memory and longstanding service of former Representative John David Dingell, Jr., of Michigan — the longest-serving Member of Congress in our Nation's history — I hereby order, by the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, that the flag of the United States shall be flown at half-staff at the White House and upon all public buildings and grounds, at all military posts and naval stations, and on all naval vessels of the Federal Government in the District of Columbia and throughout the United States and its Territories and possessions until sunset, February 9, 2019. I also direct that the flag shall be flown at half‑staff for the same period at all United States embassies, legations, consular offices, and other facilities abroad, including all military facilities and naval vessels and stations. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this eighth day of February, in the year of our Lord two thousand nineteen, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-third. DONALD J. TRUMP
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Bullrun: Rallying the World - : Bullrun: Rallying the World The Bullrun Rally is the most glamorous and high profile of the new breed of high-end luxury lifestyle automotive rallies. Each year, a hundred of the world''s finest super-cars embark on an epic eight-day rolling party across the USA - bringing together a celebrity strewn cast of characters and petrosexuals for an unforgettable adventure - where the only obligatory goals are to party, drive and enjoy!
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Rogue Farmers :: Southern Oregons Best and Biggest Garden Store :: Hydroponic, Grow Lights, Organic Bulk Amendments, Bulk Soil Rogue Farmers Rogue Farmers, Right on HWY 99, is Southern Oregon’s premier garden store. We stock the full line of indoor and outdoor growing products from over one hundred distributors. We added a new soil yard last year and stock four high quality organic bulk soil mixes. The 5900 square foot store is located at 1007 South Pacific Highway, Talent Oregon, 97540. Our knowledgeable team will help guide you to the right equipment, nutrients and a killer garden. Please call us and ask about this month’s specials: (541) 512-4600.
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Home-Place to be Home. Berlin: a place to be. Berlin has many great places to explore. We show you the different Berlin districts, the hidden gems and the best stories
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Trees USA | Wholesale Nursery and Distributor serving Texas and Beyond Trees USA is a grower and wholesale distributor of container grown trees, crape myrtles, roses, shrubs, grasses, perennial plants and ground cover. Our customer base includes landscapers, independent garden centers and nurseries. Several hundred acres of
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Belgium Chocolate | Just another WordPress site : Belgium Chocolate For over a hundred years, the Belgian chocolate making tradition has become the world standard for luxurious deserts. Each year, the country exports over 100
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The First Year Project, Volume 1: Why the first year matters A non-partisan effort to examine the history and structure of presidential First Years, assess the policy opportunities and threats for our next President, and influence the national debate by addressing candidates, opinion leaders, and the public.
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Home Wiscosin Hmong Association Inc a non-profit organization that embraces culture and traditions, leadership, and empowerment through developing of academic and social programming to serve Hmong-American youths, adults, and families throughout Dane County. Hmong Americans are the largest Asian ethnic group in the state of Wisconsin. Allies of the United States in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War and later stages of the Laotian Civil War, they started seeking asylum as political refugees after the communist takeover in Southeast Asia in 1975. They were subject to targeted attacks in Laos and more than one hundred thousand Hmong were estimated to have been killed in the aftermath. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, there were 49,240 Hmong persons living in Wisconsin, making up 0.9% of the state''s population. Wisconsin has the third-largest Hmong population, after California and Minnesota. In the Madison area they are about 4,230 Hmong people live here. As of 2014, the largest Hmong populations in Wisconsin are located in Madison, Green Bay/Appleton(Fox Valley), La Crosse, Milwaukee, Sheboygan, and Wausau. Madison: The Wisconsin Hmong Association organization (WHA) celebrate our New Year on the last weekend of November. The daytime programs includes special guest speakers, culture show, food, Flea Market, traditional ball tossing, eating, buying gifts, competitions, etc. The evening programs celebrate the passing of the old year and welcoming of the new one with song and dance. Often time there will be special band or special singer(s) from other states or country.
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Training Thru Trust - Home Training Thru Trust - Deitingen. The Doug Mills Method. Komunikation schafft Vertrauen. Biete Bodenarbeits Kurse nach der Methode von Doug Mills an. Verladeprobleme können einfach und sicher behoben werden. Dominanzprobleme werden im Roundpen geklärt. Pferdetraining für junge noch nicht angerittene Pferde. Kyle Mills Sieger Trainer Challenge Bern 2009. Doug Mills Ausbildung in Buckeye Arizona. Allfällige Probleme mit Pferden können durch gezieltes Training behoben werden. www.horse-trainer bietet Kurse oder Privatstunden in Bodenarbeit an. Es gibt viele Trainingsmethoden für sogenannte Problempferde, wichtig ist jedoch dass das Vertauen gestärkt wird und die Rangortnung geklärt ist. Mit der Bodenenarbeit beginnen Sie von Anfang an jungen Pferden schwierige Entscheidungen abzunehmen. Somit vertraut ihr Pferd ihnen und sie habeb eine gute Basis um weiterzuarbeiten. Doug Mills ist Amerikaner lebt aber heute mit seiner Frau Lynette und seinen vier Kinder in Kanada. Die Kinder von Doug Mills heissen Keith Kyle Kaylee und Kelcie Der Pferdetrainer hat schon viele Trainer Challenges gewonnen und Doug Mills gilt als einer der besten Trainer. Der Sohn von Doug Mills, Kyle Mills ist regelmässig in der Schweiz um Kurse zu geben. Lizenzierte Trainerin in Kurs 1, 2 und 3 in der Schweiz ist Regina Riedo Ausbildung absolviert in Amerika Ihr Pferd steigt nicht in den Hänger Probleme bei Verladen beheben Stressfrei in den Pferdeanhänger Mit der richtigen Technik lernen Sie Ihr Pferd sicher einfach und schnell zu verladen Anreiten und Begleiten der Pferdebesitzer von jungen Pferden nach der Methode Training Thru Trust von Doug Mills Doug Mills is a horsetrainer and hi lives in canada Doug Mills Leitmotiv ist, dass erfolgreiches Pferdetraining auf Vertrauen zwischen Mensch und Pferd basiert. "There is no magic in what I do, but if you do it right, it can work miracles". Doug Mills Kommunikation und die Klärung der Rangordnung sind Voraussetzung für ein vertrauenvolles Verhältnis zwischen Mensch und Pferd. Kommunizieren mit gezieltem Druckaufbau und die Entlastung zum richtigen Zeitpunkt ist allen Pferden naturgemäss vertraut. Doug ist der Meinung, dass jedermann erlernen kann sich mit Pferden zu verständigen. Mit seiner bewährten Methode, wird die partnerschaftliche Beziehung zu Ihrem Pferd vertieft und allfällige Probleme werden gelöst. Training Thru Trust eignet sich für alle Reitweisen, Pferde- und Ponyrassen, sowohl für Sport- wie auch Freizeitpferde und besonders als Vorbereitung junger Pferde zum Anreiten. Schon mit ganz jungen Jahren hatte ich den Traum mit diesen schönen Tieren zusammen zu sein. Nach vielen Jahren konvetionellem reiten und arbeiten mit Pferden, hatte ich das Glück im 2004 Doug Mills persönlich kennenzulernen. Von diesem Zeitpunkt an war mir klar, dass ich mein damals dreijähriger Friesenhengst nach der Methode TrainingThruTrust ausbilden werde. Also besuchte ich regelmässig bei Doug Mills Kurse. Voll und ganz überzeugt absolvierte ich 2009 in Buckeye AZ das Doug Mills Apprenticeship Camp um dipl. Trainerin zu werden. Mit bestandener Prüfung reiste ich nach Hause und veranstalte nun regelmässig Kurse nach seiner Methode. Im Februar 2010 habe ich in Arizona zusätzlich den zweiten und den dritten Trainerkurs bei Doug Mills mit Erfolg absolviert. Es freut mich riesig, das neu Erlernte an Euch weiterzugeben. Regina Riedo Privatstunden Kurs 1 Liberty Work Arbeiten im Freilauf Klärung der Rangordnung Join up Anhalten Wendung nach Aussen Tempokontrolle mit dem Körper Wendung nach Innen Vertrauen aufbauen, fördern Kurs 2 Halterwork Arbeiten am Halfter Weichen auf leichten Druck am Halfter in jede Richtung Weichen von der Hand und dem Körper "Ground Tie" ohne anzubinden stehen zu bleiben Parallel zum Zaun stehen "Schulterlinie respektieren" einfaches Führen am Strick Vertrauen aufbauen über Plastik gehen, einsprayen usw. Kurs 3 Under Saddle Reiten am Schnurhalfter mit einem Zügel Kopf auf leichten Druck nachgeben Weichen der Hinterhand "One Rein Stop" Ist die Garantie zu jeder Zeit das Pferd unter Kontrolle zu haben Ohne Zügel anhalten aus jeder Gangart Weichen der Schulter Mit einem Zügel geradeaus reiten Ohne Zügel nur mit den Augen reiten Kurs 4 Under Saddle Two Reins Reiten mit Zaum Kann Ihnen gerne Tipps geben, da ich aber für diesen Kurs die Lizenz noch nicht habe, kommen Doug oder Kyle Mills zweimal im Jahr in die Schweiz Anreiten von jungen Pferden Begleiten der Besitzer beim anreiten 3-monatiges Intensiv Programm Verladetraining Probleme bei Verladen beheben Mit der richtigen Technik lernen Sie Ihr Pferd sicher und einfach zu verladen In den meisten Fällen braucht es nur eine oder zwei Trainingseinheiten Hänger steht zur Verfügung Individuelle Problembehandlung beissen, schlagen, überrennen, nicht ins Wasser gehen Sprayflaschen usw. Gerne besuche ich Sie in Ihrem Stall Preise: erste Lektion 90 min. 90.- jede weitere Lektion 45 min. 80.- ab 15km 10.- Wegpauschale Verladetraining nach aufwand Regionen: Ganze Schweiz Frankreich Deutschland Sie möchten in Ihrem Stall ein Bodenarbeitskurs oder eine Vorführung organisieren, verlangen Sie eine unverbindliche Offerte Doug Mills DVD Als ausgebildete Pferdetrainerin helfe ich ihnen ihr Pferd auf eine artgerechte Art ihr Pferd zu trainieren Geboren und aufgewachsen ist Doug in Price (Utah USA) auf einer Rinderfarm wo er die Möglichkeit hatte, Pferde und deren Instinkt in ihrer natürlichen Umgebung zu beobachten und studieren. Das ist der Schlüssel zu Dougs Erfolg Pferde „lesen“ (verstehen) und mit ihnen kommunizieren zu können. Doug Mills hat sich seine Fähigkeiten und das Trainingsprogramm während seines ganzen Lebens als Horseman angeeignet. Doug hat viel durch die Teilnehmer und Trainer gelernt um sein Programm zu entwickeln, doch der einflussreichste Lehrer ist immer noch das Pferd. Mit seiner Frau Lynette und den 4 Kindern (Kyle, Kade, Kaylee und Kelcie) ist er nach British Columbia (Kanada) gezogen. Er war dort Schmid und Trainer, wo er sein Programm „Training Thru Trust“ weiter entwickelte. Doug hat eine Menge Erfolge erzielt, mehr als eine Dekade Pferde und Menschen trainieren in Workshops in Kanada, USA und Europa hat er bereits hinter sich, wie auch viele Championships, Goldmedallien in allen möglichen Disziplinen Englisch wie Western. Dank seinem Programm auf DVD kann er nun den Schülern Schritt für Schritt lernen, was er selbst mühsam über Jahre zusammen fügen durfte... Doug Mills has built his training skills and riding abilities over a lifetime of horsemanship. Being born and raised on a working cattle ranch in Price, Utah, offered Doug a lifestyle that gave him the opportunity to observe horses and their instincts in their natural environment. This is the key to Doug's ability to read and communicate with horses. Doug credits many clinicians and trainers for the success of his program, but the horse is still his most influential teacher. With his wife, Lynette and four children, (Kyle, Kade, Kaylee and Kelcie) he moved to British Columbia, Canada as a farrier and horse trainer in 1989, where he has continued to build his "Training Thru Trust" program. Three of his children, Kyle, Kade and Kaylee, also train horses using the Doug Mills method, while his youngest, Kelcie stays busy helping out at the ranch and traveling to rodeos. Doug has a slew of success stories. After more than a decade of teaching horses and riders in workshops and one on one sessions in Canada, United States and Europe. These include futurity wins, international and national championships also Gold Medals in reining, working cow horse, rodeo, western pleasure, western riding, trail, showmanship, hunter under saddle, jumping, pleasure driving and dressage. Doug is passionate about sharing his knowledge as well as horsemanship, so that horses can overcome their "people problems". His unique ability as a speaker allows him to present an exciting, educational, and inspiring program to audiences. With a calm and easy approach, Doug teaches practical horsemanship skills that EVERYONE can take home and put to immediate use, using his interactions with the horse to emphasize the most fundamental lesson: allowing the horse to make choices. See for yourself why so many people around the world have become so inspired by the simplicity of his program, and the confidence and skills they have developed to become better leaders, confidence builders and good communicators with their equine partners. Erfahre wahre Versammlung mental, emotional, physisch. Ohne Zaum zu reiten total entspannt. Doug Mills ist in der Schweiz mittlerweilen kein Unbekannter mehr. Seit über 10 Jahren vermittelt er in Kursen und Privatstunden sein Wissen an Freizeit- und Turnierreiter und hat auch mit Problempferden in kurzer Zeit grosse Fortschritte erzielt. Doug Mills ist Amerikaner, lebt und arbeitet aber heute als gefragter Pferdetrainer mit seiner Familie in Kanada, wo er auch erfolgreich an Working Cow Shows und Reinings teilnimmt. Doug Mills Leitmotiv ist, dass erfolgreiches Pferdetraining auf Vertrauen basiert („Training Thru Trust“). Geprägt von seiner Kindheit auf einer Working Cow Ranch hat Doug im Laufe seines Lebens durch Erfahrung und beeinflusst von verschiedenen namhaften Kollegen eine systematische Ausbildungs- und Trainingsmethode entwickelt, die dank innovativer Lehrtechniken auch sehr gut vermittelbar ist. Doug ist der Meinung, dass jedermann mit Pferden kommunizieren kann und dass dies unter Anleitung erlernbar ist. Deshalb lässt er in seinen Kursen jeden Teilnehmer selber erfahren wie einfach es ist, das Pferd als vertrauensvollen Partner zu gewinnen. „Was ich tue hat nichts mit Zauberei zu tun, aber korrekt angewendet kann es Wunder bewirken“. Doug Mills hat die Idee des Trainer Challenge in die Schweiz gebracht. In Kanada hat er einen solchen Wettkampf gegen renommierte Konkurrenten drei Mal in Folge gewonnen. Wir freuen uns, ihn für den ersten Europäischen Trainer Challenge bei uns zu haben! Doug Mills trained his first horse when he was eight years old. That horse was for his own use. He turned professional when he was ten. “Professional,” says Doug, “ is when you get paid.” Some of the local ranchers watched what he was doing on the family ranch in Utah. “They liked the deal and started bringing me their horses.” Even at the age of ten Doug had a reputation for knowing how to handle a horse. That reputation has grown through the years. He is recognized as one of the top trainers in North America. His workshops, clinics and retreats are renowned among horse enthusiasts. As well as teaching people and horses how to get along, Doug competes in trainer events. He’s a five time winner of Trainer Challenges: twice in Canada and three times in Europe. These trainer contests are invitation-only events. Just three trainers are chosen to compete. Doug won in Red Deer, in Chilliwack, and in Switzerland. In a typical Trainer Challenge competitors work with unbroken horses, horses never saddled or rode. “ Their feet are trimmed when they’re about a year old. They aren’t shod. They’ve barely had a halter on them. They’ve never even eaten hay! They’re wild horses.” Horses at the Mane Event in Chilliwack are provided by the Douglas Lake Cattle Company, a ranch with a lot of room for wild horses to run. It’s not so easy to find space in Switzerland. Unbroken horses used in competitions there are actually bred in Austria, where it’s easier to keep them as free from being handled as possible. In a typical Trainer Challenge, trainers must get an unbroken horse to stand to be saddled and mounted, and learn to pick up its feet. There’s a lot of working in the round pen. “If we put too much pressure on them in the round pen, we find that, in the big arena, resentment comes out. The trick is to do just enough, not too much.” ,is how Doug sums it up. Horses have to walk, trot and lope on the rail, then do a series of obstacles: a bridge, a rope and a tarp. They have to drag a log behind them, stand while the mounted trainer swings a lariat, and accept being loaded into a trailer. “You have to see how far you can get them. Some horses just aren’t ready to go that far. Judgment is based on who does it with the most finesse.” Project Cowboy, held Oct. 8th, 2010, at the Will Rogers Equestrian Centre in Fort Worth, Texas, was much more than a typical trainer challenge. As well as selecting ‘the great American horse trainer ‘, organizers used it as a pilot for a proposed reality TV show featuring horses and their trainers. The Mills family responded. Doug, his son Kyle, and daughter Kaylee, entered. All have placed first in contests in Europe. This summer Kyle won the Trainer of the North Challenge in Smithers, B.C. Broke horses were allowed in this competition. “Judges want to see how broke your broke horse is.” , says Doug. It took four eight hour days to trailer the four Mills horses from their home at Erin Valley Stables in Kamloops, B.C. to Fort Worth. Because trainers were encouraged to bring their own broke horses, it opened the event to many who wouldn’t have competed in regular challenges. About one hundred and sixty-five riders registered. There were several elimination rounds. In the first round, the trainer had to have the horse lead at a trot, pick up its back feet, be at a lope within twenty or thirty feet, accept being mounted from the wrong side, stop, and back up, then do a riding pattern which required sliding stops, rollbacks, spins and lead changes. There was more. Trainers had to look good on TV. ”You had to be prepared to introduce your own TV show.” Doug explains. “ Each trainer was put against a big backdrop in a room with bright lights, cameras and judges. We were given three minutes to introduce our TV show, answer questions and demonstrate our knowledge of horsemanship.”TV cameras were everywhere. “They were in our faces the whole time. They’d show up any time. They’d go to dinner with you!” Contestants just had to get used to it. The first cut, after that round, reduced the one hundred and sixty-five competitors to the top seventy-five. The next round was a trail course involving such obstacles as a car-wash, plastics, dragons, and a balloon on the end of a rope. Competitors, still on their broke horses, had to trot along a narrow passage over a bridge. ”Fifty percent of your score was your speaking ability as you were going through the obstacles.” Competitors were now eliminated down to the top twenty-five. The next challenge was to be “Good In The Herd”. Five man teams were sent to a herd of cattle. One man at a time would go into the herd. Doug describes the action, “You and your horse had to get one cow from the herd and get it across the line. Then your team could help you get it into the pen. You were scored on both your ability to get the cow and to work as a team member.” The top ten survivors now had their scores erased and had to start again at zero. They were no longer allowed to use their broke horses but had to draw for one of ten unbroken yearlings. The yearlings were not halter broke. They had no shoes. “ The only contact they’d had with people was when they ran ‘em in a chute to vaccinate them.” Doug recalls. “Out of the ten, two horses were really gentle. the rest were really wild. “ Contestants were given twenty-five minutes in the round pen. There was a five minute break after fifteen minutes. “In case too much pressure was being put on the colts, organizers wanted to give them a break. “ Doug doesn’t think it was necessary, and believes it probably won’t happen again. Contestants were judged on their ability to bond with their horses. The next round also involved a draw, for a different horse. This time they were horses from a local drill team. Competitors had to do a hunter/jumper class and demonstrate English riding. They had to do rail work: have the horse walk, trot and canter on the rail in both directions. Then they were required to pull off the saddle and take the horse over a series of obstacles. They had to go over a rail, back through zigzag rails about a foot off the ground, and go over a bridge. “All went good over the jumps. Only a couple got over the bridge. The bridge was the deciding factor.”” Doug reports. The last contest was a freestyle ‘ Ride For Your Life!’, with trainers back on their own broke horses. Sliding stops, spins and circles were obligatory. “We had four minutes to do anything we wanted to impress the judges and the crowd.” A hectic four minutes for the final ten contestants. The Mills family did well. Kyle and Kaylee ended in the top seventy five. Doug was in the top ten. Doug was impressed with the whole concept. “I can see it being the way for the future. Opening it up to the broke horses allows more trainers to play. A lot of people don’t have the ability to start an unbroken horse in three days. Using just unbroken colts eliminates a bunch of people who are really good horse trainers. ““A TV show would be very good for the horse industry. It would show the public how many good trainers are out there and make those trainers more available. A lot of the public gets soured on horses because of bad horses and bad trainers. This would give them more choice.” Horse people from around the world came to Project Cowboy. There were Australians, Brazilians, Canadians, Europeans and, of course, Americans. Some of them probably went home with ideas for horse trainer TV shows. Doug Mills certainly did. He believes it’s possible to put one together in Canada, minus the reality part of it. He’s exploring options, taking the trainer challenge just a bit further.
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Home - Guca Festival 2019 Guca Festival 2019 in Serbia.This year the Final Serbian Trumpet Band Competition will be held for the 59th time in 2019. Maestros from whole Serbia will compete for the prestige Golden Trumpet award. Beside this competition a various program with rich cultural heritage like traditional wedding, sport event and art program will entertain the hundred of thousands visitors 4 days long.
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Right From the Hip | Observations & Opinions | Politics, Law & Current Events In which our Vagabond Seeks a City in Motion. It is early Saturday evening, the doors are open, the coffee house beckons. I enter into a crowd – young and old, in pairs, groups and singles, are standing in line, checking their phones, reviewing the menu board, sitting astride chairs, leaning on counters, stirring their mugs, contemplating their next move, and conversing with animation and verve. After securing a mug of herbal orange blossom tea and plain pound cake (something different and contemplative), no booths are available. I occupy a seat at a long, central bench and table with the other patrons. Immediately next to me sits a young couple, face to face, wearing various shades of blue denim (she also sports a floppy, soft-brim robin egg blue hat), who have stopped talking to enjoy one of the house's calorie-generous desserts. Their desserts are laden with strawberries, fresh, fragrant, jumbo-sized, strawberries, tumbling generously, abundantly, off the dessert cakes which shyly peek out underneath. These are six-dollar desserts, suitable for serious courtship. The whipped cream had disappeared already. Their strawberries are not shy - they flaunt their bright deep red strawberry color, their inviting texture, they flirt their white edges. These strawberries profligately cast about their unmistakable ripe fragrance. Indeed, the fragrance demands attention. For an unmeasured moment, these strawberries own the bench and my perceptions – my other senses have quietly stepped down and wait for the strawberry fragrance to master the stage, to take its bows, to aromatically speak for strawberries everywhere. Each strawberry is joined with all strawberries - connected in a web of genetic code, agricultural pedigree, sense perception and idea. The smell, the fragrance and appearance of these strawberries, and for a distinct slice of time, the connected picture, the taste, the idea of many strawberries, all strawberries, as an adjective as well as a noun, occupy my thoughts. If there had been no name for strawberries ever given, I would have conjured a name for them, then and there. Strawberries are versatile. We can give Latin names to their various genus, Fragaria. We may note that each apparent achene, or seed, on the outside is actually one of the ovaries of the flower, with a seed inside it, perhaps explaining why the couple beside me ordered them for dessert. Philosophers might debate whether or not there exists a non-physical essence of strawberry, an ideal Platonic form of strawberry, or be skeptical that we could ever be sure that what we perceive as strawberry was reliable. Mischievous children have picked them to throw at each other. We can observe them on wild vines, clip, transplant and cultivate them in our gardens, study what combination of sun and water gives them the greatest growth and sweetest flavor, pick them gingerly to set at our breakfast table, eat them singly or in groups in little morning fruit bowls. We have financed agri-businesses to grow them in vast number, might someday sell strawberry futures on a commodities exchange, have hired agricultural workers to pick them in mass quantity. Graduate students in economics might measure the economic impact of establishing a minimum wage for strawberry pickers, while employers make certain their immigration papers are in order. We can contest the right of strawberry pickers to go on strike, and use courtrooms to enjoin secondary strikes by other fruit pickers. Independent truck drivers can transport them in refrigerated, insured freight carriers at free-on-board rates. District managers of supermarket chains can offer them for retail sale in little green baskets at trendy supergrocers which have memorable advertising logos and trained-to-be-friendly checkout people, and serve them in coffee houses at upscale prices. In laboratories we can measure their molecular carbon chains, forensically identify them with gas and mass chromatography, and fit them into biochemical schema of study. We can mash them into lipstick or cream for purposes of skin and beauty enhancement, advertised by slender, photogenic models. We can handwash our dirty dishes in our neglected kitchen sinks, or shampoo our thinning hair with liquid soaps flavored with them. No small series of achievements, for an aggregate accessory fruit. But we have strawberries as descriptors also, as concepts and additions to the language in which we think and speak and describe, in which we write poetry and love sonnets. They act as triggers or stimulants, to remind us of things, things we may want to remember. I bend my head over my tea and soak a piece of my cake into my orange-blossom tea. But these strawberries are not yet done their work. The fragrances of my coffee-house neighbors' strawberries trigger vivid memories. A series of pictures is summoned up, interior miniatures composing a sequenced event in my life, a road trip of an altogether different sort. Gently unfaded, affectionately insistent, parading in silence one at a time yet making a whole, a set of gliding images from the past paints over my vision. ____________________ My wife, Erma, and I were dating, and engaged. I was just 32. At the time, she was just 23 years of age, not quite 5'2" unless she stood on her tiptoes (she was generous in describing her height on various health and application forms), slender, lithe, with quick, athletic reflexes, light brown hair never allowed to grow long, a bright upturned face full of energy, green-grey eyes that were never quite the same shade from day to day, and a stand-your-ground manner suitable for the youngest child who had five older brothers. Erma had been a Christian since her experiences as a teenager in church youth group, and had been well taught by a beloved senior pastor, Reverend Pusey. She could field a ground ball or steal third base, tell every player on the Philadelphia Flyers in 1977 (she still had a Bobby Clark doll) or quote scripture by memory, intelligently and to the point under discussion. She was a secretary at DuPont, a job she had held since the day after she graduated from high school. There was emotional trauma in her childhood, including a miserable relationship with her father (the misery shared by her brothers and sister), and a tragic gun accident which took the life of one of her brothers, after her father irresponsibly brought home a rifle and gave it to his children without supervision or safety instruction. The collapse of the family unit brought economic difficulties. Erma bubbled over with hope and energy – she was ready to wrestle wildcats, hid her fears, counted her pennies, and laughed loudly and easily. Erma pooled shock, grief, loss and anger in reservoirs of her soul. She introduced herself to a pair of young men attending a Christian singles conference in Sandy Cove, Maryland, one of whom was me, because she recognized the church my friend Dave had announced at the beginning of the conference, and that was enough of a conversational opening for her. We took a trip to North Carolina, to visit her brother Noel, the only one of her family to graduate from college. Noel was a marketing manager for a large agricultural chemicals company, and he was moved about the country every few years. For several years he had lived near Research Triangle Park outside Raleigh. Our trip was a happy one; we packed up Erma's silver Honda Civic, years old but running like a Swiss watch, and toodled down the highway one Monday in the early summer. Life was opening up. My disorderly life, spread across two coasts, was moving in a good direction. Erma, deeply emotionally cautious, was hoping that the world held good things as well. After staying the first night with friends in Virginia, we arrived after a day of easy driving at Noel's, still single. As always, he was a gracious host, owner of a sensible but well-maintained home. His practice of buying and selling homes as he was transferred around the company proved to be economically rewarding. I don't know whether he liked his job in its own right, but years later when he was offered a retirement package at the age of 50, he took it, and to my knowledge, has never worked 9-5 job since. Noel was working 9-5 when we arrived though, so during the day we were left to our own devices around Raleigh, Chapel Hill, Durham and the surrounding areas. Open to guidebook suggestions, we went to the North Carolina Botanical Gardens in Chapel HiIl. We walked the displays of native plants, violet-purple iris, milkweed, wood anemone, maidenhair ferns, wild indigo, water-plaintains, bluestars. The Gardens have a display of carnivorous plants, pitcher plants, Venus fly traps, along with their orchids and lilies. I found a very tiny spider among the carnivorous plant displays, picked him up with a leaf, and deposited him into a Venus fly-trap, which promptly, as advertised, closed its tender petals. The wispy trigger hairs of the plant quite quickly formed a bars-of-a-jail cell effect as the plant's leaves closed reflexively – I could see the tiny spider, looking out, as forlorn and puzzled as any prisoner would be. At the time, I had nothing to say to him, and regretted somewhat causing his fate. With the advantages of hindsight and advancing years, today, I might encourage him with words of sympathy – "you and me both, brother," a final salute, issued nunc pro tunc. Erma and I went to see a movie in the evening. Mr. Hulot's Holiday. Monsier Hulot, the French actor Jacques Tati, "decides to vacation at a beautiful seaside, resort. Rest and relaxation don't last long, given the gangly gent's penchant for ridiculous antics." Released in 1954, you have to be in the right mood to see this slapstick farce. Erma and I were nearly alone in the theater, it was a Tuesday evening. We were in the mood – I laughed hard. Erma laughed uproariously, full volume. I never heard anyone laugh so hard – her cackles filled the theater – no nook or cranny escaped the piercing volume of her laughter. Many times. How can you not fall in love with a girl like that? If anyone else was in the theater at all (maybe one other couple), they certainly knew they weren't alone. The next day, we visited Duke University in Durham. The lawns and grounds were green, immaculate, carefully maintained; the buildings, the Chapel, all were elite-college campus beautiful. I daresay visiting parents longed to expend vast sums of money to send their children there. After walking around for several hours, near the end of the day, we found a small restaurant/coffee-shop. Because of the day and hour we were again nearly alone. The shop featured a strawberry desert, loaded with whipped cream. They were the freshest, sweetest, most flagrantly-and-fragrantly-delicious strawberries imaginable. It was a lifetime trophy desert. The taste, the aroma of the strawberries filled our noses, our palates, our tongues – our sweet, ripe taste buds went off like bells. Erma was just swooning with joy. It seemed as if we just sat and ate for hours (which could not possibly be true), as if the strawberry dessert stopped local time to go on forever. These strawberries had royal, domestic, South American and continental antecedents. According to Wikipedia, the garden strawberry was first grown or bred in Brittany, France in the 1750s by crossing Fragaria Virginia from eastern North America with Fragaria Chiloenses, brought from Chile. The French began harvesting wild strawberries in the 14th century. Strawberries were added to cream in the Court of King Henry VIII. What can I add to that? World production of strawberries is in excess of nine million tons, and not a strawberry too many. After we had spent a few days at Noel's, we drove east to go to the Outer Banks of North Carolina. The Outer Banks are a resort area, but wilder, less cultivated than the homogenized resort areas one sometimes visits. We rented two separate hotel rooms to stay in the area around Kitty Hawk. I had sexual relationships prior to becoming a Christian. Erma had many dating relationships, but had learned her sexual ethics as a teenager at a conservative, evangelical church and drew a line she believed in. We did not sleep together on that trip. It helped to make our dating relationship simple, clean, pure, uncomplicated. (Our physical relationship began on our honeymoon - when Erma exited the bathroom and entered our bedroom the evening of our 11 a.m. wedding in Bear, Delaware. We had driven to a bed and breakfast in Milford, New Jersey, Linda and Rob Castagna's Chestnut Hill on the Delaware River. Looking at the teddy-bear decorated bed and room in the honeymoon suite and at me, Erma asked, "do you think we should pray?" I answered, "I already have.") But that wedding ceremony day was still in our distance, like a beckoning city on a hill. The next day on our excursion to North Carolina, we traipsed about on the Kitty Hawk beach. It was not yet warm enough for swimming; the beaches were nearly empty. I discovered that small fish, mullets or small kingfish, filled some of the deeper surf pools and beach ponds left by retreating waves. There is a picture of me taken by Erma, bending over at the waist, looking down, with my pants rolled up as I stood in the middle of one of these surf pools, wearing a plaid shirt with the sleeves rolled up, trying to catch little silver fish with my bared, cupped hands. Trying to catch small fish by hand was a predictably unsuccessful effort, but loads of fun to try. I looked perfectly ridiculous, and we were perfectly happy. On our trip back in the silver Honda Civic from North Carolina, driving north to Wilmington and Phoenixville, we sang hymns on the road. Neither Erma or I have any musical talent at all - neither of us can carry a melody. But there was no music critic in the car, no one to be distressed. We sang "Fairest Lord Jesus," in toneless acapella - it fit our mood and excursion well. _______________________ I was interrupted in my coffee-house reveries by a young man, of Asian background, whose face I recognized, but whose name I didn't know. He had been listening to me a previous week, when I was proclaiming out loud verses from the Book of Revelation, the lake of fire verses, the judgment verses, on a previous morning when the coffee house was much emptier than it was that Saturday evening. His interruption lead into quite an extended discussion, carried out over three locations in the coffee house. "Hello," he said. I responded with my own 'hello.' "I saw you here the other week. You were reading out loud. I was standing over there" – he indicated where he had been standing when I had my brief confrontation with the coffee house manager, Jen, over reading Bible verses out loud. I nodded 'yes' and offered my hand and introduced myself. "My name is Qi," he introduced himself with a small but perceptible bob of the head. His English was good, with a slight British accent. Qi looked to be in his early twenties, fifty years younger than I. His hair was black parted on one side, his chin and cheeks clean-shaven, his eyes brown, his lashes somewhat long, his build slim, probably 5' 10" in height and weighing 140 or 150 pounds, wearing blue jeans and a neat maroon pullover jersey. His facial expression was respectful, intelligent and friendly. "I wanted to ask you. Why were you reading out loud? And why did you choose those verses?" I had to think to recreate my thoughts and mood the previous week. "I can't answer that easily. God moves inside me without giving me explanations. Why those verses? I felt like I wanted to get somewhere - we ought to get somewhere. I saw those verses on the path." "I heard what you said to the manager. The owner doesn't mind?" His expression suggested that people reading out loud in a coffee house crossed a line in the culture he came from. "No," I told him, "the owner doesn't mind." We paused our conversation for a moment, so Qi could find a way around the bench and people to squeeze in opposite me. He was sitting right next to the strawberry-eating couple, also seated across each other on the bench, as I was. "Do you work, or are you a student?" I asked. Qi explained his background to me, responding to my questions. He was 23 years old, a graduate student seeking a Master's degree in statistics from the graduate department of a nearby university. He was an exchange student, a resident of China, whose family came from near Beijing. Much of his life was not spent in China however. His father was an investment banker, and they spent a number of years in different countries and cities, including London, where he learned as a teenager to speak English well, and learned his slight but discernible British accent. He was one of three children, and had two sisters, one older, who was married and living near Shanghai, and one considerably younger sister, who was living at home near Beijing, where his parents had returned. I asked him about China's one-child policy and he explained that his father had sufficient resources to obtain relief from the rule. Since the first child in the family was a daughter, apparently this exception was not difficult to obtain with respect to Qi. Having official sanction for having a third child was more difficult, but by then his father had political and economic connections. By this time the strawberry dessert-eating couple had left. Their seats were taken by others so it wasn't always easy to conduct our conversation. The coffee house was noisy, there was music in the background and people were sliding behind us at times to reach seats further down the long benches on which Qi and I were seated. When I paused my deposition-like questions, I asked if he attended any local church. He did, he explained, and had been for about a year. "What did you think when I read those verses out loud?" I asked. "How did you react?" "I like hearing the Book of Revelation read aloud. It doesn't often get read out loud. When you hear a sermon, somebody tells you what to think about it. There's always a doctrine or a system. Everything has to be explained." He thought for a few moments. "There's more in the words, than there is in the explanations." He said, and I quietly nodded in agreement. "Well, if you just listen to the words, read by somebody else, you wouldn't have a system," I offered. "You might have a language, though. A set of mutual symbols. Even if we didn't agree on what they meant." He listened to what I said and we talked about language, and symbols. His criticisms of symbolic language were well-thought out; a person whose native tongue is Chinese understands well the strengths and weaknesses of symbols to communicate. I suggested that symbols and graphic pictures cut through many language systems. The phrase "a woman clothed with the sun," eludes precise rational understanding, but it's an accessible image everywhere. We had the mutual and considerable pleasure of two people speaking thoughtfully to each other. "You don't agree with any systems about it?" I asked, meaning the Book of Revelation. "I don't know. My church teaches a system." "Which one is that? Dispensationalism? Premillennialism?" "Yes." "The Rapture, any minute. The Jews left to face the anti-Christ." "Yes. Yes." "You're not defending it very hard," I suggested. His facial expression indicated that I had discerned his feelings accurately. "Is that what you believe?" Qi asked me. "No. I'm a Postmillennialist. I believe in the Great Commission. Christ gave us an order. Go into the far reaches of the world. Convert the nations. So we will succeed. It's the prayer he taught us. 'Thy Kingdom come. Thy will be done.'" "How does reading about the burning lake of fire out loud, help that?" Qi queried. "I'm not sure. Does the Spirit have to explain everything to me? I respond as I'm called. But I think everybody wants good news. Ask them, and they'll tell you the world is a mess. But then they want good news - warm and reassuring. God's judgment in a burning lake of fire is a very unpopular topic. But it wakes people up. It made you ask me questions." "Do you think bad news is more likely to win converts?" Qi was looking at me with a certain amount of respectful skepticism. "I think telling people the truth helps people see the truth." "But you, too. You didn't recite the burning lake of fire verses with a big smile on your face." "Perhaps so. Me too," I admitted. "Maybe there's enough bad news already," Qi suggested. "Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof. That's true too. You're right. But why are all those burning lake of fire verses there? Fierce warnings, aren't they?" I asked rhetorically. "Maybe it's the bad news that already exists. Maybe the world loves judging. Maybe the world needs judging. There's a lot of judging inside of us already." As he said this, I thought I detected some personal history in Qi – perhaps his father was a judgmental person. "I think it's a warning - a guide and a look to the future. But I'll be careful about trying to interpret it, with you around. I'll let the words be the words. Burning lake of fire and all." I raised my hands slightly to indicate surrender – the acknowledgment of my limitations. "Don't some people believe the whole book was just meant for the 1st century Christians? They think it all relates to the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem by the Roman armies. That's it – nothing else." Qi's knowledge suggested some study; his tone suggested questions, perhaps questions deeper than interpreting the Book of Revelation. "Are you a preterist?" I asked him. I wasn't sure whether his question was a narrow, specialized question over eschatology, or rather a deeper question that any young person might have, about whether the whole structure of religion is connected to anything real at all. "I'm not sure what that means," he admitted. "About what you said. Preterists believe most of the Book of Revelation has already been fulfilled. It was a warning for the 1st century, for the early church. A tract for the times. Now it's done – it has no future significance," I explained. "If that's what you're asking." "No, I haven't thought about it much, but don't think I think that. How about you?" Qi asked. There were questions in this young man, but I didn't know quite what they were. "I think it's prophecy. The Word of God to us. It's no more fulfilled and done than the Sermon on the Mount is fulfilled and done. Does that answer your question?" I returned. "I guess we'll never know, this side of Final Judgment," he offered. "Maybe we just wait for the Rapture?" "It makes a difference now. It changes how we act, because of what we expect. If all you're doing is sitting around here, waiting for the Rapture, that's one kind of answer. But I'll buy you a cup of coffee, and we can wait together." As I was about to get up to buy coffee, a young woman, talking to her friend following behind her, was trying to make her way behind the bench to a seat. She was holding a sandwich on a plate and a glass. Someone moved on the crowded bench, not knowing anyone was behind him, and bumped directly into her. Her sandwich spilled and tumbled across the back of an unshaven but pleasant-looking blonde young man and onto the floor. There, visible for the world, near Qi's feet, were the ingredients for her sandwich, two slices of multi-grain bread, two chunks of avocado, two generous slices of tomato, and a large stack of bean sprouts, scattered across the floor along with a slice of dill pickle. She moved back apologetically, waving the now-empty sandwich plate in her hand, obviously embarrassed. The young man stood up, rather mildly and saw who had spilled sandwich fixings on him. He didn't seem angry - he was apologetic and rather embarrassed himself. No one quite knew what to do. For a few moments the two of them milled about each other in rather disorganized fashion. The coffee house manager was nearby. She saw what had happened and signaled for a staff person to assist. Qi and I both stood up to move out of the way and sidestepped our way to leave the benches and table. As we were moving, I made brief eye contact with the manager and we mutually and quickly nodded. I didn't want her to think I had been a problem again, but she saw I was an innocent bystander, not an repeat instigator of disturbances. While the clean-up was being accomplished, Qi, seeing our mutual nod, asked if I knew the coffee house manager. "Yes, her name is Jen Geddes. She's a Christian. She's nice – a calm person." We watched the cleanup. I thought I would share a bit more, thinking still about what Qi's questions might be. "Years ago, she was in the newspaper, picture and all. She had a bit of a temper. I think she came from a very fundamental background. She was in a church, and for whatever reason, something was going with a visiting pastor she definitely didn't agree with. She expressed her theological disagreement by shouting out loud, picking up a stool, and heaving it at this visiting pastor. She actually hit him with it and there were disturbances in the church. The police had to be called. As a sentence I think she got what is called ARD, a non-trial diversion. It usually means she had to do some community service and get some counseling. I was practicing as a lawyer at the time, so I paid attention. Some years later, she got the job here. I recognized her when she started. Very calm - very welcoming to everybody these days. I never talked with her about it. I always wanted to ask her what it was about. Part of it was reported in the newspaper – apparently, whatever it was the visiting pastor was saying, her response was along the lines of "are you really going to say that, in my ear?" The cleanup was over, but Qi and I found a different place to sit and resumed our conversation. He wanted to know more about the type of law I had practiced, which was a general community practice. We started talking about the law and about the U.S. Constitution and some well-known constitutional principles, which were not, as Qi described, the rule or norm in China. He described a culture and circumstance in China which might be characterized as intense and ubiquitous favoritism. "We have those problems here - in a big way," I acknowledged. "You have laws about it, though. In China, there is no law to appeal to, to correct such things. The party is the law, and the party officials who operate without needing any approval." "We do have laws," I acknowledged. I narrated for Qi a United States Supreme Court case, which is a staple of the Constitutional Law curriculum in law school. "In San Francisco, around 1880, most of the laundry workers were Chinese. Laundries used heat in wooden buildings. There was a statute that said you couldn't operate a laundry without a permit. The statute itself wasn't crazy - there was a genuine fire risk with boiling water used in the laundries – not a joke in San Francisco. But Yick Wo had been operating his laundry for years, when he was told he couldn't operate his laundry anymore without a permit. Unfortunately, if you were Chinese, you didn't get a permit. If you weren't Chinese, then you got one. Yick Wo was fined for operating without the permit, and he couldn't or wouldn't pay the fine, so he was put in jail. The Supreme Court ruled that the administration of that permit law was unconstitutional – even if the laundry owners weren't citizens. Even if the law itself made sense considered in isolation. The Chinese laundry owners still had a right under equal protection, under the equal protection laws of the 14th Amendment." "You would not find such laws in China," Qi lamented. "Well, it took us years to take the legal principle serious," I told him. "Taking your principles seriously takes time." Our conversation continued. We talked about Chinese coolies and how they worked. We talked about Christianity in China. We talked about the beginning of the movie Crazy Rich Asians where they're having a Bible study. We talked about missionaries and Hudson Taylor and the Chinese Inland Mission, and when Qi's family had become Christians. We talked about wars in Asia – in the Pacific against Japan. Qi had a very distinct opinion about the treatment of the Chinese by the Japanese in WWII, which flowed over to his opinion over disputed islands in the South China sea. We talked about the wars in Korea and Vietnam. We talked about Mao, and Communism and the treatment of Christians in China during the cultural revolution. Qi's family had suffered and practiced their faith in secret, but had emerged. We talked about the Three-Self Church in China. "Sanzi Jiaohui" Qi explained, trying to help me to pronounce it correctly. "But my family has spent so much time overseas, it was not critical to us. We didn't argue about religion, we argued about how many hours my father worked." He looked not as happy making this last statement. I decided to change gears altogether. "You'll be married someday. You'll have a wife and probably children. Do you have a girlfriend?" I asked. "Yes. But she is in graduate school in Michigan now. So I only get to see her on vacations. Sometimes we meet in Chicago. We are making some plans, but they have to wait. We text. She likes it, but she thinks it's cold there." We talked about the weather in China, and in the U.S. We moved our location one more time, when a booth opened up. Time passed, but the Rapture still lay in the future. In the meandering talk and silence of our time together, we made friends. The Holy Spirit, as known to coffee houses as He is to great cathedrals, entered somewhere. Eventually Qi said it was time for him to get back home, and we parted company with the idea that he would be back in the coffee house, and we would have a chance to talk again. Perhaps further, on the Book of Revelation, he suggested. ___________________ And in the Spirit he carried me away to a great, high mountain, and showed me the holy city Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God. Revelation 21:10. Those trained in theology and ministry should present the bulk of the inspired message of Rom. Ch. 12-15. But there is an element of those passages I want to address. I have a law degree, was valedictorian at law school, have practiced law for many years, and have held elected office. I serve as a volunteer on various boards with legal and executive authority over substantial matters. The business of law and government is something with which I am familiar. Although words like "law and government" don't sound San Francisco hippy-ish, don't seem to blend into a coffee-house or a road trip to the last chapters of Revelation, that is my direction now. Rom. 13:1-10 is my topic. Everyone must submit himself to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established. Rom13:1a. The passage is central. It does not stand for, nor should it be understood, to be a command to political authoritarianism. It is an invitation to law, to legitimacy, to ascertaining the will of the people in a democracy, enacting that will within the confines of a constitutional system, and then respecting the laws that flow therefrom. Within the world at large, we may be subject to, or may become the governing authorities – but we are always Christians. The Apostle Paul had multiple purposes in so writing – he had a concern with the relationship of Christians to the outside world and to the political authority of the Roman empire. Paul was also concerned about how Christians relate among ourselves. Christian religious/political conflict among ourselves has been a challenge for Christian theology. Theological disagreement may be the reason or the excuse for the ecclesiastical, political or social separation of Christians. Once reasons develop, theological disagreement, leading to differing communions and groupings, becomes the vehicle for separation. As the Reformation commenced and continued through the 16th and 17th centuries, it appeared the immovable object had met the irresistible force. When Christian conscience met Christian government in vehement disagreement, the results were tragically unacceptable in individual cases. Theologically, the issues have never been resolved. One person wishes to pray to the saints, another does not, one expects an early Rapture with no warning, another does not, one thinks the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son, another does not. There are innumerable such differences. The continuing disagreements demonstrate that we have no recognized method of either resolving the dispute, or even a recognized method of staying in communication with each other. The argument continues unresolved. The fallback position for various Christian disputants is spiritual distance and intentional distancing, and attrition over time. Politically, we have addressed the most negative consequences of those 16th and 17th century conflicts by privatizing religious conscience. The results of privatizing Christian conscience are only partially satisfactory, as the 21st century is demonstrating. Organizing a better society is problematic, if each Christian has no greater loyalty than to his or her conscience. Conscience slides into self-will. Beyond denominational or theological boundaries, no one is able to present, to debate, to respond, to adjudicate, to give, or to obey an order issued by a recognized body of Christians, on any issue – not just very large important issues. All issues are 'off the table,' as it were, beyond joint resolution. No one could today post 95 theses on the door of a church and have an audience. We are stalled on Christian conscience-autonomy. No one says 'my conscience is God' but that is the net result. Each spider sits on her own web. The Old Testament analogue is the Book of Judges. The civil and political theory and authority that God has established pertinent to us, and to all, has been two thousand years in the making. The development of this theory is an argument for and an example of common grace, extended by God to all, who makes his sun to shine on the good and on the evil, and sends his rain on the just and on the unjust. "All peaceful beginnings of government have been laid in the consent of the people," John Locke, the British philosopher wrote in his Second Treatise on Government, Sect. 112. His work was instrumental in the framing of American constitutional ideas. Within the United States, we are both the governed, and the governing authorities. Perhaps odd, perhaps obvious to say, but if we as Christians want to reach the heavenly city of God, we have to be capable of governing and being governed by each other. This does not suggest extinguishing the ordinary and necessary debate and contentions that accompany civil and religious life. But at some point, a methodology of decision-making has to be established. Decisions are to be made, and they have to be respected. These 'decisions' are Christian decisions, critical to the communications and communal life of all Christians. That is not intended as a challenge to fundamental theological positions. When our government formed, Maryland did not become Pennsylvania – each state assigned certain powers to a federal government, and retained the rest. Lawful is not lawless, even where there is hard questioning and debate over what is really or ought to be 'lawful.' There are many different ways to connect with each other in the exercise of our Christian faith. Our movement toward the Jerusalem from above is obstructed, if we are situated like a collection of hermit crabs, each communion barricaded in its own shell of theological position, ecclesiastical organization and personal conscience. The authorities that exist have been established by God. Rom. 13:1 b. God created and enables all things, in providing the motive power for all events, outside of whose permissive will nothing ever can happen or could happen. Such establishment includes "the authorities that exist." As Jesus said to Pilate, "You would have no power over me if it were not given you from above." God is the source of lawful authority. The present state of world and national affairs, including our legal and political structures, is not accidental. It may be temporary, or cause us to pray "How long, O Lord, will the wicked by jubilant?" But if we cannot obey our own lawful authority, exercising decisions derived from faith, there is no possibility of building a genuinely lawful structure. If we cannot debate our Christian statements, decrees, findings or laws, enable and enact our Christian decrees, respect or obey our Christian laws, because they come from the authority already announced and ordained by our God and Savior, we're not going to move. We are stranded in the valley of stasis. I am postmillennial, a believer in the Kingdom of God that comes into this world. The extension of Rom. 13:1 b is necessary. This verse sends us forward, makes us look to the future. The current set of authorities have been established by God. The next set of authorities will be established by God - and the next set, after that. We want this set of authorities, each set of authorities, to be better, more Christ-like. When we say more 'Christ-like,' it is not reasonable to expect that denominational and theological differences are going to evaporate. We want to be Christ-like as we assume, or obey, or exchange, this developing authority which expresses itself in constitutional forms among us - not because it results in theocracy or theonomy (or any other system of being ruled by the laws of the Old Testament). Rather, we remember that the "authorities that exist" may be us, or may not be; and if we're not holding office at the moment, we may retain our theological positions or political differences. Do unto others as you would have them do unto you, has special significance when we are talking about different groups of Christians contending over beliefs, ideas, or courses of conduct which may be supported and advanced by force of decree, statement or law. If we are going to move toward a more complete Christian community, theological convictions count, inspiration counts, but also, impartiality counts. We want the debate (and the penalties for losing the debate on whatever topic is at hand) to be just and impartial. The rules, the conduct, the doctrine, whatsoever it is under discussion, and the statement or law that issues from them, or us, are to be impartial. The means and procedure of discussing, debating, challenging or appealing the decision regarding the resolution of Christian issues, have to be impartial. Due Process is a legal term but it paves a spiritual road. It means notice of the issue at hand, before the time and place of decision, and the opportunity to be heard on the point by the decision-makers. We hope valued impartiality flows into our political and national lives. But whether it does or does not flow nationally, we have to communicate these exchanges and accord this due process among ourselves in an impartial manner – and then voluntarily respect the outcome. The amorality of the present state of our national political life is not ultimately acceptable, but neither it is acceptable to go back to the political situation, rife with religious persecutions, that characterized Great Britain (and here in New England) in the 17th century. We do not criminalize people with whom we disagree. We will not move toward a golden, millennial age until we capture solutions to both sets of problems – spiritual unity which enables voluntary association and cooperation, and spiritual dissent. Our risen Lord Jesus has set us a mid-term examination. God has graciously provided us guidance. As explained by Locke in his Second Treatise, sect. 131: And so whoever has the legislative or supreme power of any commonwealth, is bound to govern by established standing laws, promulgated and known to the people, and not by extemporary decrees; by indifferent [impartial] and upright judges, who are to decide controversies by those law; and to employ the force of the community at home, only in the execution of such laws; or abroad to prevent or redress foreign injuries, and secure the community from inroads and invasion. And all this to be directed to no other end but the peace, safety, and public good of the people. The peace that Jesus confers - "Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you" (John 14:27), connects to this Lockean peace, safety and the public good. The kingdom of God ("Thy kingdom come," Jesus taught us to pray, Mat. 6:10, "on earth as it is in heaven.") and "the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations," Rev. 22:2, converge on this peace. They are intended for this-world Christian implementation, and this implementation and obedience to God's will is not beyond us. John Locke described the "peace, safety and public good of the people" in terms that were attainable. He presented his solution at the time of intense religious persecution that frequently was the excuse, rather than the reason, for political persecution. The experience of the Amish community in self-regulation provides some useful guidance. The Nashville Statement, signed initially by more than 150 evangelical leaders, affirming what is set forth or implied in Scripture about sexuality, particularly Romans ch. 1, is a productive step toward our self-regulation and our movement toward a Holy City. The Nashville Statement engendered disagreement and resentment. Nor do I endorse all views, on all issues, of those Christians who developed the Nashville Statement. The point is to cooperate as actively and as far as we can, but no further. Theological statements and decisions are presented to address conflicting positions. The resentment within large elements of our national society, of the Christian position on the sexual issues addressed in the Nashville Statement, is intense – but that is acceptable. Disregard of God's Word engenders its own consequences. We want to be frog-marched off the Titanic of modern secular culture and nominal Christianity - thrown unceremoniously into a little lifeboat named Jesus and the Bible. We expect to be marginalized with the world's imprecations following, as the Titanic leaves us behind. We may bob in the ocean of broad societal disapproval for a short season. It's not hard to see the iceberg coming. After the iceberg has done its work, we, the Christian community, build a better world. We may communicate our own internal understandings and direction without surrendering those theological positions which are essentially non-negotiable. John Locke calls out the following elements in the above-recited passage: legislative power, established law, impartial judges, a judicious use of 'force' to execute such laws, directed to peace, safety and public good – and we would add, for the community of our faith. The challenge is to connect that political peace, of which we are clearly capable, with Jesus' spiritual peace. The alternative, the Valley of Christian Stasis, is incapable of being characterized as good faith. That is not how the Book of Revelation ends. To disconnect the two kinds of peace, to say that the peace that Jesus provides is always and forever not of this world, is to take a position on eschatology. That is to take the position that the Kingdom of God is not coming (despite praying "thy Kingdom come") in this world except by the visible return of Christ but in no other way. It is to take the position that the Great Commission does not fully succeed (apparently, then, a command to partial failure?). It is to take the position that the ending of Romans ch. 16 ("so that all nations might believe and obey him") doesn't count. If the Kingdom of God is coming in this world, then those good ends that John Locke asserted - peace, safety, the public good - have to be realized in the context of a multitude of Christian expressions (the 'Seven Churches' of Revelation), giving rise to our City in Motion. The political events of the last two thousand years include what has politically taken place in this country in the last 250 years. We may begin with the Deist-influenced proclamation of the Declaration of Independence (which, despite its Deist influences, repeatedly and insistently invokes God, the Creator, the Supreme Judge, and Divine Providence), which is also directly of God. The Declaration of Independence, like all other expressions of common grace, is directed by and under the authority of our risen Lord, Jesus. Pilate's authority derived from Roman military and civil power gets the benefit of God's imprimatur, as spoken by Jesus. Then surely also so does the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution, and the Federalist Papers. We have political tools. We need to use them. We don't want to supplant the state, we want to create a miniature of a Constitutional and legislative system, for ourselves, entered into by three gates: by Christian faith, by subscription to the doctrine of Scriptural inerrancy, and by a commitment to a forward-looking eschatology. Beyond that, once through those gates 'of the outer courtyard,' we acknowledge a diversity of views, a gathering of seven churches, a lively exchange of ideas. We will make and find our city and move toward peace, joy, and the enjoyment of the presence of God, characterized by our love for God, and our love for each other. There, we will be in a position to lead useful and interesting lives and have enjoyable and interesting discourse. We do not resurrect the past, look to the past, long for the days of ancient Israel, look for theocratical forms of government, or long for the days when our particular theology will be adopted by everyone. Christianity is just beginning. "By calling this covenant new, he has made the first one obsolete. And what is obsolete and aging will soon disappear." Heb. 8:13. The orchestra is just tuning up - we're barely getting started. I have no use at all for nostalgia. To quote a modern theologian, Greg Bahnsen: Postmillennialists believe, therefore, that the kingdom of God will gradually grow on earth, visibly, publicly, and externally. . . It will grow through the gradual conversion of the nations – through the preaching of the Word of God. . . . This salvation of many people must have visible expression and influence and be seen in an outward culture in society. (Victory in Jesus, Bahnsen, CMP 1999, p. 27). (See also, Postmillennialism, an Eschatology of Hope, Keith A. Mattison, P&R Publishing, 1999; The Victory of Christ's Kingdom, John Jefferson Davis, Canon Press, 1996; Prophecy and the Church, Oswald Allis, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing, 1978 (critique of dispensationalism); He Shall Have Dominion, Kenneth Gentry, Apologetics Group Media, 2009 (thorough defense of postmillennialism); and An Eschatology of Victory, J. Marcellus Kik, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing, 1971) ("the Holy City is situated in time and history . . . " p. 245). (Noting also with all these authors, that their theology is learned, their eschatology is inspiring, their legal and political theory needs better direction.) Consequently, he who rebels against the authority is rebelling against what God has instituted, and those who do so will bring judgment on themselves." Rom:13:2. Paul instructed Christians in the Roman Empire, where we began as a tiny minority. Stay out of trouble, direct your energy away from rebellion, stay away from political revolt or disobedience. Move in our spiritual life and the witness to the growing faith. Paul was concerned about building the church locally and across geographical distances and cultural groups. It was the Holy Spirit saying, "it's okay to obey the Roman authorities – in fact, you should, this is part of your obedience to me, unless (as is clear from the Book of Revelation), you are being asked to deny Christ or otherwise blaspheme." Christ warned his disciples to stay clear of the military and political disaster coming because of the Jewish rebellion brewing against Roman authority in his pointed discourse at the Mount of Olives. In whatever direction we decide to move, it must meet the fundamental standards enunciated by Paul. For rulers hold no terror for those who do right, but for those who do wrong. Do you want to be free from fear of the one in authority? Then do what is right and he will commend you. For he is God's servant to do you good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for he does not bear the sword for nothing. He is God's servant, an agent of wrath to bring punishment on the wrongdoer. Therefore, it is necessary to submit to the authorities, not only because of possible punishment, but also because of conscience. That is also why you pay taxes, for the authorities are God's servants, who give their full time to governing. Give to everyone what you owe him; if you owe taxes, pay taxes, if revenue, then revenue; if respect, then respect; if honor, then honor. Rom. 13:3-7. Christian, don't do the crime, if you can't do the time. The bearing of the sword is intended for punishment. The state has a monopoly on the use of force, for a good reason. Generally, Christian conscience acts in conjunction with the state (but not always, see, e.g., Martin Luther King's Letter from a Birmingham Jail). In his Letter to the Romans, Paul meant a number of different things by 'the Law,' understood by context: the Ten Commandments, the Law of Moses implying a special revelation of God's will to the Jews, natural law available to and applicable to all people, spiritual law to be followed by Christians out of obedience to the gospel, the law of love, Roman civil or criminal law to be obeyed at the risk of punishment, the law of conscience, including accusations or defenses of conscience, the law of interior struggle with sin, sin and death itself, and the new life of the Spirit - all are referenced in Paul's letter, all characterized in his writing as or associated with the Law. The Law shows us our sins by holding up a mirror to our conduct in the light of God's Law, sending us to call on Christ's atoning mercy. The Law protects the weak from wrongdoing at the hands of those stronger and is essential to a civil society. The Law in all its forms and expressions is surely the great chain, wielded by an angel, which binds Satan in Rev. 20:1 and 2. As the Holy City comes down out of heaven as described in the 21st Chapter of Revelation, it is not described as the City of Law. By implication, the City may be protected by Law. Law may reinforce its walls and its gate. Spiritual law may flow from and through the Church to separate those who may enter the City of God from those who may not. But the Holy City's light, foundations, jewels, gates, streets, river, fountains, or its Tree of Life are not described in terms of Law. In the Sacred City of divine and human joy, where Christ reigns by acclamation, by love and by power, the purposes of the Law have been fulfilled. Lawlessness has no place in the City as it can never enter in. The Abyss may be escaped, only to give rise to further battle and fire, but the Holy City is prepared as a bride. The description of the Millennial City calls us to something higher, further and more perfect than Law as a goal and end of human society. The Law has a purpose and an end, and it reaches fulfillment in Christ's work on the Cross. In a more perfect society, where equity is done everywhere, there is no need to petition a court of equity for relief. Where love and trust are more perfect among people, no judge is needed to assert jurisdiction, hear argument or rule for one party or the other. In a meeting with our beloved, we who love fold our papers, close our law books and put our contracts aside. Their purpose has been served. Love keeps no record of wrong, so we may leave the courtroom. We go to meet for a wedding ceremony and a feast. The beauty of the meeting calls us to travel the road. Questions arise about doing right, what obedience means, in a Constitutional democracy where we are asked to play a part. The part we play nationally, whatever it is, to which we are also called and from which we refuse to be disenfranchised, is not the same as the spiritual movement we pursue among ourselves. We are called to something higher than the surrounding political confrontation and factionalism (not an easy problem to solve; see Federalist No. 10 – Madison thought the danger of factionalism would be solved by the new Constitution, and clearly that has not been the case). John Locke thought the solution was self-evident. "[F]or nobody has an absolute arbitrary power over himself, or over any other, to destroy his own life, or take away the life or property of another. . . Thus the law of nature stands as an eternal rule to all men, legislators as well as others. The rules that they make . . . must be conformable to the law of nature, i.e., to the will of God . . ." 2nd Treatise, sect. 135. To say something must be conformable to the will of God, or the law of nature or an eternal rule, has proved to be guidance not so obvious, beyond the first application, of not destroying life. Many Christians are united on this point at least. Given the number of abortions being performed annually in the United States and western world generally, even Locke's standard of 'not taking away life' appears to have given way to a notion of personal rights that is practically unlimited in its scope or application. In the case of abortion on demand, the notion is tragic on a massive scale, leads to infanticide (and the purposeful abortion of Downs' syndrome babies), is contrary to God's will, is destructive of our national political fabric, and presents an irresistible temptation to federal courts to exceed their Constitutional jurisdiction and intended scope of authority. Next to the Dred Scott decision, Roe v. Wade is the worst decision ever made by the U.S. Supreme Court, and its consequences have been destructive. The decision raises political problems regardless of religious faith – there is no serious legal question of any type that cannot be formulated into a query about individual rights and then answered in such a way as to make individual rights (defined to assure the preferred outcome) preempt and supersede any other type of right. In the case of abortion, all that is necessary is to deny the definition of human life to children in the womb. The definitions decide the outcome. When we now use the term 'civil rights' the meaning is – rights of the individual. In current judicial reasoning, advancing individual rights is always expansive of the good, as long as the individuals are out of the womb. In current judicial reasoning, the rights of the group are nearly always oppressive, subtracting from the net benefit of civil society. My civil rights cannot be added to the civil rights of my fellow citizens, in such a way as to develop a society promoting religiously-based ethical views. One hundred thousand people may not be lead in prayer at a government-sponsored or funded event, if one objects. If it is necessary to justify protecting children in the womb from destruction by making a religious argument, because the definition of the beginning of life implies theological and ethical reasoning, then the destructive consequences of advancing individual rights above other rights are wrongly justified as compelled by the implied language of the Constitution. An intellectual shell game has been played by our federal judiciary, of which Roe v. Wade is the most notorious example – get the definitions right, set up the conflict as the individual vs. the group (included in 'the group' is any assembly of state legislators) – and the desired judicial result will pop out like candy from a dispenser. From this Christian's viewpoint, and I am also a citizen of this nation, this is unacceptable. As an individual, my name is not "Congress," as in the 1st Amendment ("Congress shall make no law"). The idea that ethical decisions, which result in law, may not have religious foundations, is to be rejected. The idea that I may not join with others to vote for or to pass laws which at some point in their chain of reasoning, rely on religious belief or revelation, is to be rejected. A method of judicial reasoning which relies on carefully-crafted initial definitions and nomenclature to avoid the obvious, observable acts of medically terminating life, with the resulting infant body parts available for marketing, is to be rejected. Political acts which have ethical foundations, which themselves have religious foundations, are ordinary acts of Constitutional self-rule, not the establishment of a theocracy. We will do better, because God will compel a better result. The City of God is a promise to seven churches, standing for a society of communities engaged in the voluntary worship of God and obedience to Christ. Discovering the will of God, in our own relations with other Christians, raises harder questions than challenging bad national law or opposing abortion on demand. Discovering God's will mean moving forward to our own better self-governing society, even if we construct a model first on a 'table-top,' as it were. I quote a passage from Locke which will have a familiar sound to any reader familiar with the Declaration of Independence: Great mistakes in the ruling part, many wrong and inconvenient laws, and all the slips of human frailty, will be born by the people without mutiny or murmur. But if a long train of abuses, prevarications, and artifices, all tending the same way, make the design visible to the people, and they cannot but feel what they lie under, and see whither they are going; it is not to be wondered, that they should then rouse themselves, and endeavor to put the rule into such hands which may secure to them the ends for which government was at first erected . . . 2nd Treatise, sect. 225. Locke observed that the people may "rouse themselves." Indeed, 'rousing ourselves' is essential. But in what way did the Apostle Paul view 'rousing ourselves?' The difficulty with Paul's passage in Romans ch. 13:3-7, is its static nature. Those admonitions made sense then, for a small religious minority in a vast pagan empire. The Roman authorities were there, and the Roman Christians submitted to them, and were grateful to God for the opportunity to worship him in peace. There was no political development implied; it was intentional separation from Roman interference, by giving no cause for offence, for purposes of Christian religious practice. A difficulty with the passage of Locke cited above is that it takes the matter one, but only one, drastic step forward. If the authorities are inflicting a "long train of abuses . . . all tending the same way" then the people ought to put "the rule into such hands as may secure to them the ends for which government was at first erected." Locke's concepts are binary, but they also will become static – either the people accept the "great mistakes and wrong laws without mutiny or murmer" – or, as the American people did in 177 6, they "rouse themselves" to "put the rule into such hands, etc.," in other words, to put governmental rule into American hands in the legislatures of the American states. Continuing, aspirational movement was not contemplated by John Locke either. The wasn't the problem he was facing 320 years ago, but it is a problem we are facing now. There is much the Book of Revelation does not do. There is one thing it does do, beyond its powerful encouragement in the face of persecution – it says, 'look, there's a goal here, a destination, and we want to get to it.' The Book has an end, and the end is a City. The Great Commission is equally dynamic – Jesus telling us "Go, make disciples." There's a goal here, a command, something we are supposed to be doing – and disciples, discipling and discipline has to extend to more than personal conscience, to the exclusion of Christian community. The argument against amillennialism is parallel to the argument against premillennialism (whether in its dispensational presentation or classical presentation) – those doctrines don't go anywhere. When it comes to Revelation ch. 21 and 22, these doctrines 'sit on their hands.' Rather, our doctrine of eschatology is postmillennial (Christ comes after ("post") the millennium) by our voluntary choice, by Revelation's destination, by inspiration of the Holy Spirit to reach a millennium in this world. Jesus is awaited at the end of the golden, millennial period, however long and wonderful that period may be, a thousand years or a ten times a thousand years – and we have acted in obedience to him in making or moving to such a society and such a world. (For the Kingdom of God will be like a man going on a journey, who called his servants and entrusted to them his property - one to receive five talents, one to receive two, another, to receive one). Our goal is forward. Neither John Lock or the Apostle Paul, or Jesus, say: "let's go back to an Old Testament theocracy as soon as we have a chance." Hence, my profound disagreement with all forms of political theocracy, theonomy, etc. We move to the future here, in terms of our political understanding – our Lord Jesus has not been asleep for the last 2000 years. For that matter, if you need open-heart CABG surgery as I did, you will not seek out a doctor who applies the methods of healthcare available in the days of Moses – there are no instructions in the Old Testament for a triple-bypass procedure. Common grace has done something with respect to medical care, as it has done something with respect to political theory which the churches may apply. After the passage quoted above about obeying the authorities, the Apostle Paul moved directly, with no further transition, to a society characterized by love that has already internalized the Law. The movement is sudden between Rom. 13:7, extolling obedience to external Roman authority, sharing neither political power or a faith with us, to Rom. 13:8. Here is our endpoint: Let no debt remain outstanding, except the continuing debt to love one another, for he who loves his fellow man has fulfilled the law. The commandments, "Do not commit adultery," Do not murder," "Do not steal," "Do not covet," and whatever other commandment there may be, are summed up in this one rule: "Love your neighbor as yourself." Love does no harm to its neighbor. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law. If we wish to go On the Road now (and we find ourselves On the Road whether we wish it or not) – static conceptions will not do. We construct with the law in the manner of a homebuilder, using our tools to lay on progressively wiser and more effective structural elements, until we reach the fulfillment of home-building, a home where we may love. That is the postmillennial vision – a millennial world, a golden age of faith, love and peace, before Christ returns. The thousand years of the millennium in Ch. 20 is both a reality and a symbol for that vision. The reality of God's ordaining will is a driving movement. Growth through the Holy Spirit is neither limited to or circumscribed by the symbol of a thousand year time period. We travel to an end and a society good beyond words. Our driving force and our destination comes from God. Golden ages are hard to come by, but not only can we get there, we will. Christ has called us to this, and his sobriety and his power in doing so is beyond question. ____________________________________
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By His working Spirit great things will come to pass - Home The Elijah Message is direct communication sent from God to mankind by an Angel. (Rev. 14:6) The Angel Messenger is John the Baptist (resurrected). One hundred and twenty Messages have been spoken by John the Baptist over the course of sixty seven year
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2019 Ebook Library | Find Ebook and Datasheets Resources 2019 Ebook Library | Find Ebook and Datasheets Resources
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Ronda Rich: Author, Speaker and Syndicated Columnist - Ronda Rich Best-selling Southern author and syndicated columnist Ronda Rich has become the darling of secular and Christian audiences across the nation. An ''accidental speaker who didn''t set out to become a professional speaker'', Ronda does over hundred events year and has clearly found her calling.
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Elijah Craig | Home Page Each bottle of award-winning Elijah Craig Bourbon is crafted with the same method used by Elijah over two hundred years ago: local corn and grains are milled and mixed with limestone-rich Kentucky spring water, then fermented and distilled. After years of aging in charred oak, our Master Distillers select the most complex barrels to become Elijah Craig Small Batch, Barrel Proof, and Single Barrel Bourbons.
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Toll Regulatory Board - Toll Regulatory Board AUTHORIZING THE ESTABLISHMENT OF TOLL FACILITIES ON PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS, CREATING A BOARD FOR THE REGULATION THEREOF AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES WHEREAS, the huge financial requirements of the Government''s development programs have made it necessary to seek out alternative sources of financing to ensure the prosecution of certain desirable infrastructure projects that complement the over-all national development effort; WHEREAS, the potential resources of the private sector could be tapped to the maximum benefit by the government dispensing to a great extent the availment of additional domestic and foreign borrowings as well as the utilization of government guarantee or security; and WHEREAS, in order to attract private sector investment in the government''s infrastructure projects, the collection of toll fees for the use of certain public improvements, that would allow a reasonable rate of return on investments, should be authorized; Provided that, the collection of toll fees and operation of toll facilities by the private sector should be closely supervised and regulated in the public interest; NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby order and decree: Section 1. This shall be known as "Toll Operation Decree". Section 2. Toll Regulatory Board. There is hereby created the Toll Regulatory Board hereinafter referred to as the "Board" to be composed of the Deputy Director-General for Program and Projects of the National Economic and Development Authority as Chairman, the Undersecretary of Public Highways and the Undersecretary of Finance as Members. Section 3. Powers and Duties of the Board. The Board shall have in addition to its general powers of administration the following powers and duties: (a) Subject to the approval of the President of the Philippines, to enter into contracts in behalf of the Republic of the Philippines with persons, natural or juridical, for the construction, operation and maintenance of toll facilities such as but not limited to national highways, roads, bridges, and public thoroughfares. Said contract shall be open to citizens of the Philippines and/or to corporations or associations qualified under the Constitution and authorized by law to engage in toll operations; (b) Determine and decide the kind, type and nature of public improvement that will be constructed and/or operated as toll facilities; (c) Condemn private property for public use subject to the provisions of existing law; (d) Issue, modify and promulgate from time to time the rates of toll that will be charged the direct users of toll facilities and upon notice and hearing, to approve or disapprove petitions for the increase thereof. Decisions of the Board on petitions for the increase of toll rate shall be appealable to the Office of the President within ten (10) days from the promulgation thereof. Such appeal shall not suspend the imposition of the new rates, provided however, that pending the resolution of the appeal, the petitioner for increased rates in such case shall deposit in a trust fund such amounts as may be necessary to reimburse toll payers affected in case a reversal of the decision. (e) To grant authority to operate a toll facility and to issue therefore the necessary "Toll Operation Certificate" subject to such conditions as shall be imposed by the Board including inter alia the following: (1) That the Operator shall desist from collecting toll upon the expiration of the Toll Operation Certificate. (2) That the entire facility operated as a toll system including all operation and maintenance equipment directly related thereto shall be turned over to the government immediately upon the expiration of the Toll Operation Certificate. (3) That the toll operator shall not lease, transfer, grant the usufruct of, sell or assign the rights or privileges acquired under the Toll Operation Certificate to any person, firm, company, corporation or other commercial or legal entity, nor merge with any other company or corporation organized for the same purpose, without the prior approval of the President of the Philippines. In the event of any valid transfer of the Toll Operation Certificate, the Transferee shall be subject to all the conditions, terms, restrictions and limitations of this Decree as fully and completely and to the same extent as if the Toll Operation Certificate has been granted to the same person, firm, company, corporation or other commercial or legal entity. (4) That in time of war, rebellion, public peril, emergency, calamity, disaster or disturbance of peace and order, the President of the Philippines may cause the total or partial closing of the toll facility or order to take over thereof by the Government without prejudice to the payment of just compensation. (5) That no guarantee, Certificate of Indebtedness, collateral, securities, or bonds shall be issued by any government agency or government-owned or controlled corporation on any financing program of the toll operator in connection with his undertaking under the Toll Operation Certificate. (6) The Toll Operation Certificate may be amended, modified or revoked whenever the public interest so requires. (a) The Board shall promulgate rules and regulations governing the procedures for the grant of Toll Certificates. The rights and privileges of a grantee under a Toll Operation Certificate shall be defined by the Board. (b) To issue rules and regulations to carry out the purposes of this Decree. Section 4. Technical Staff. The Board is hereby authorized to create a Technical Staff including administrative or support staff as may be necessary to assist the Board in the fulfillment of its responsibilities and functions under this Decree. The Board is hereby authorized to grant honoraria, allowances or overtime pay in such amount as it may fix, any provision of law, rules or regulations to the contrary notwithstanding. Section 5. Publication of Toll Rates. No new rates shall be collected unless published in a newspaper of general publication at least once a week for three consecutive weeks. Section 6. Exemption. Government vehicles on official business shall be exempted from the payment of toll fees under such procedures and circumstances as will be promulgated by the Board. Section 7. Appropriation, Operational Expenses. The sum of THREE HUNDRED THOUSAND PESOS (P300,000.00) shall be set aside each year for the first three years from such fees or other obligations due from toll operators of existing toll facilities to defray operational expenses of the Board. Thereafter, such sums as may be necessary for the operational expenses of the Board in the succeeding fiscal years shall be included in the Annual General Appropriations Decree. Section 8. Separability. All laws, decrees and orders inconsistent with the provisions of this Decree are hereby repealed and/or modified accordingly. Section 9. Effectivity. This Decree shall take effect immediately. Done in the City of Manila, this 31st day of March, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and seventy-seven.
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JONATHAN ALTER – ~~Author, Reporter, Columnist, TV Analyst, Lecturer Jonathan Alter is an award-winning author, political analyst, documentary filmmaker, columnist, television producer and radio host. He is the author of three New York Times bestsellers: “The Center Holds: Obama and His Enemies”(2013), “The Promise: President Obama, Year One” (2010) and “The Defining Moment: FDR’s Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope”(2006), also one of…
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Hi, my blog is a record of our year(ish) long tour of Europe, an idea sprung on me by my husband last year. A word of warning to anyone reading this who doesn't know me, I have an inability to use one word when a hundred will do, in fact this blog is the antithesis of Twitter! It also includes EXTENSIVE use of the words beautiful, pretty, nice, gorgeous, tasty, lovely and wonderful amongst others! I'll attempt to use some different words occasionally to ring the changes.
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His Holiness the 17th Karmapa Orgyen Trinley Dorje – in Word and Deed - Startseite/ Karmapa Quotes Wisdom Quotes from the 17th Gyalwang Karmapa Ogyen Trinle Dorje
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WA Cider & Pork Festival - Presented by The Event Mill | Western Australian Cider & Pork Festival WA CIDER & PORK FESTIVAL 2018ELIZABETH QUAY, PERTH WA CIDER & PORK FESTIVAL 2nd - 4th March 2018The WA Cider & Pork Festival is back at Perth's beautiful Elizabeth Quay.  Showcasing over one hundred of the best ciders from 18 local and interstate cideries, and crowd favourite pork dishes from | WA Cider & Pork Festival - Presented by The Event Mill
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antoine noah band - Showband,Entertainer,Unterhaltung,Entertainment antoine-noah-band.com ist eine Band mit hohem Unterhaltungswert. Entertainment und Musik für große Abende.
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Hilltop on Tamborine | Wedding Chapel Gallery Cafe Restaurant Accommodation on Mt Tamborine Homepage - Hilltop on Tamborine | Wedding Chapel Gallery Cafe Restaurant Accommodation on Mt Tamborine Hilltop on Tamborine has a romantic bed and breakfast accommodation, art gallery, restaurant, over a hundred year old country church as wedding chapel and reception venue in one place.
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Generation Park for Amazon’s HQ2 – The premier location for Amazon’s HQ2 in Houston, Texas
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Never Too Big 20 year old college guy Starting weight: 140 lbs Current weight: 165 lbs Long term goal: till my belly completely covers my lap (plus a couple hundred pounds maybe lol) 😍
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One Year, One Hundred Books – 365 days – One hundred adventures 365 days - One hundred adventures
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WEATHERWOOD STAINS - HOME Vintage Wood Without the Hundred Year Wait: The easiest way to achieve the weathered wood look, in just one step and 30 minutes!
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Concordia Preschool Concordia Preschool, Wilmington, Delaware, 19810. Preschool for 2, 3, and 4 year olds.
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Novi Heat Baseball - Home The Novi Heat is a competitive travel baseball program based out of the Novi, Michigan area with the mission to build fundamental skills, emphasize teamwork, and develop strong character that will allow young baseball players to grow as players and young men in a competitive baseball environment. The Novi Heat is affiliated with the Novi Youth Baseball League (NYBL) and teams composed of the best youth baseball players in and around the Novi, Michigan area. Over the last 23 years, the Heat has significantly contributed to the development and success of several hundred players up to the high school varsity and college baseball level, and some Novi Heat players have reached the professional level in Major League Baseball. We offer baseball teams from 8U to 15U ages. Please visit our website, facebook or twitter pages to learn more about us.
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Home | thINKingDANCE thINKingDANCE was started to catalyze conversation about dance and to develop the skills of dance writers in the Philadelphia area. Our initial year-long training scheme, funded by The Pew Center for Arts & Heritage through Dance Advance, has included workshops with great visiting dance writers, monthly peer-critique sessions, and lots of editor/writer dialogue. In our first year, we published over two hundred articles drawing attention to Philadelphia’s robust and diverse dance community.
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Jim''s Page Relating to the natural history of Massachusetts, Rhode Island and its communities
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Nat Johnson | Neighbour of the Year Nat Johnson: Neighbour of the Year. Singer-songwriter. | News, Gigs, Music, and other stuff.
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Brownie's Airport, The Book The first runway was laid out in 1946 and the last plane flew out in 2017. Brownie Lebanon Airport (19I) or Brownies, as it was known to most in the area, was the airport home to typical pilots and airplanes that could be found at any Midwestern general aviation airport. But the airport’s physical attributes were anything but typical, it’s runway merely 2,100 feet long and only forty feet wide with a 35 foot slope, earning it the nickname, “Brownies Cliffside“. In 1959, the year it opened as a business, there were thirty-five-foot-high powerlines about fifty feet from the west end of the runway. A little more than one thousand feet off the east end there were high tension wires on poles perhaps seventy-five feet high. The airport was called dangerous by many and many would not tread there. In truth, the airport wasn’t dangerous, however a little prefight planning and preparation would have changed the experience for many. Twice, powerlines abruptly halted climb outs after take-off. Maybe the pilots at Brownies weren’t so typical. This 242 page book tells the story of the airport and many of those that used it, with more than 185 photos and nearly one hundred additional scans of sectionals, directory pages and other documents.
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ShenZhen Senmo Tensile Fabric Structure Co.,LTD Our company is one of the earliest companies which focus on the membrane structure designing and engineering. Certificated for membrane structure design and construction, metal structure design and construction, safety production license. Our business scope covering the whole membrane structure designing, construction, manufacturing ,installing and maintenance, purchasing and selling membrane material. In the past several years, we successfully completed a series of great design and construction such as : around fifty thousand square meters’ membrane structure for a famous enterprise “Country Garden”, intersperse among over 30 housing estates ;sixty thousand square meters for “Overseas Chinese Town”,fifty thousand square meters for “Shenzhenhuaqiang”, Huadu Stadium for Asia Athletic Games, Sports center of Fuquan City, Sports center of Wuzhou, Bicycle competition terrain of World University Games in Shenzhen, the world Garden Expo of Jingzhou. In Asia, accumulative totally,392 pcs of individual projects completed, amount to six hundred and thirty thousand square meters, moreover, our customer satisfied with our design and construction .Based on high quality service , we win new order from old customers continuously.We have an independent membrane manufacturing base and purchased the most advanced cutting equipment of PTFE and ETFE, capable of cutting three hundred thousand square meter membrane material per year. We commanded the technology of design and construction of ETFE air pillow membrane structure, Heteromorphic ETFE pillow shaped membrane structure, ETFE mono-layer membrane structure, ETFE multi-layer structure, and large span gas membrane structures.Senmo stands in the frontier of the international membrane structure design and construction.Senmo has a big skilled engineers team for design ,construction ,planning .They have good experience of big span membrane structure with Chinese traditional culture ,have a creative design style ,combined with foreign culture and Chinese culture. They can design different sculpt membrane for different function, environment, culture and style to meet customer’s requirement and art requirement. Chief Engineer certificated for Class A national structural engineer, Project GM certificated for Class A national architect, what’s more, Class B national architect 8 persons, other certificated engineer over 22 persons. All staff over 150 persons, Herein, over 50 persons in the office ,30 persons in the membrane cutting factory , over 20 persons in the filiale,the others are on –site management engineers. Senmo own a membrane cutting base over three thousand square meter with advanced cutting equipment for PTFE and ETFE.,annual processing capacity of 50 million square meters.All staff passed the certification of job training. Our company has high precision of steel structure production personnel and equipment,but also has good film processing technology,the professional technicians certificates to ensure that the project quality has reached an excellent level.
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Happy Mothers Day Quotes 2019 - Mother''s day Quotes, Messages, wishes, and Images 2019 happy Mothers day Quotes, happy mothers day images quotes, mothers day 2019, Messages, wishes, and Images, Happy Mothers Day 2019 Quotes,Wishes,poems
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MackJac Hard Cider MackJac Hard Cider - New York''s Best-Tasting Hard Cider All flavors are crafted with 100% New York State Apples sourced from a hundred year old orchard and batched under the supervision of the American Cider Company...  NATURALLY GLUTEN FREE and NOT MADE FROM CONCENTRATE.
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Can''t Hold Back the Rain Occasionally NSFW and probably 18+Trans, nb, femme (she/her or they/them), poly, mid 30s (whee), Canadian. I live in a hundred year old house with my two favorite people and three cats. We play games...
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B2B Promotional Group | Promotional Products Best Promotional Products Promotional products are, in a word, everywhere. We see them as free giveaways at events and festivals; we see them in online shops and pop-up boutiques; and, most importantly, we see them being used and enjoyed by millions of people throughout the world. Which is why, before we begin, we have a challenge for you. The next time you're in public surrounded by a good amount of people – take a look around. We're willing to be that not only will you spot plenty of promotional items and products being used, but you'll be surprised at just how high that number climbs as time goes on. Whether it's a custom-monogrammed beach towel with the name and logo of the user's favorite sunglasses brand, or a shot glass bearing the name and insignia of someone's favorite brand of spirits or resort destination, brands that choose the best promotional products to entertain and energize their customers find success with repeated use. But obviously, finding the right promotional products for the right brand is easier said than done. Our catalogue alone has hundreds of thousands of promotional item options, with millions of color, customization, and sizing options. Picking the best promotional product at random would be an exercise in luck with poorer odds than the Powerball. And, it can be totally overwhelming for the business owner trying to juggle a hundred different things. But luckily, you don't have to start from scratch when trying to find the best promotional products for you and your company. This helpful guide is designed to help you consider all angles during the decision-making process and select the right customizable product for you and your business. It's time to give your customers what they really need and want, and what, most importantly, they'll use over and over again. Here we go: 3 Things to Consider When Selecting the Best Promotional Products for Your Brand 1. Think of Customers as Brand Ambassadors Some estimates peg the amount of advertisements we see on any given day at more than 5,000. Shockingly, this means we see almost 3.5 advertisements every minute – talk about clutter. We see ads all over social media, on billboards, in magazines, and on television, and as a marketer or business owner, it seems virtually impossible to make yourself and your business stand out from this over-saturated crowd and gather attention. Billions of dollars are poured into advertisements and marketing campaigns every year by multinational corporations, compounding the issue and making the task of getting your name recognized in a crowded marketplace even that much less attainable. But small and medium-sized businesses that depend on a local markets for their revenue have a secret hidden weapon that those who manage million-dollar marketing budgets don't: feet on the street. If you're a small business owner, chances are that you've got a loyal group of customers who not only love what you do, but also want you to succeed. In fact, 94% of consumers believe that doing business with and supporting small businesses in their community is important. If that awesome statistic tells us anything, it's the customers are ready to dig in and help spread the word of your brand – as long as you make it easy. That's why, when you're considering how to choose the best promotional product, you should think first about your customers and what kind of product they would want and use. Consider factors like where they live, what kind of lifestyle they lead, and what they like to do for fun. This will help you align your product choice with your target marketing – increasing your chance of turning your customers into brand ambassadors, and saving you big bucks on traditional marketing. 2. Don't Be Afraid of Having a Small Budget Perhaps the best thing about using promotional products for marketing is just how vast the selection of potential products is for your business. This wide variety means you can truly select something that not only fits your consumer, but also fits your business and your budget. Unlike many other advertising and marketing avenues that have minimum spends in the hundreds of thousands of dollars, a small budget can go a long way with promotional products. Small items like key chains, pens, USB drives, and other items can still pack a pretty poinigent promotional punch without the huge hit to your bank account – giving you a large return without a large investment. Selecting the best promotional products means not only selecting what's best for your customers, but also for your business and its goals. When considering what kind of products to invest in, be sure to consider your own budget and how you can get the most bang for your buck. 3. Have Fun With It One of the greatest aspects of advertising and marketing is that it can truly be creative and fun. And the use of promotional products is no exception. That's why we encourage our customers to think with their head when selecting the best promotional product for their business – but not totally forgo their heart in the final decision making. Sometimes, it's those wacky off-the-wall kind of ideas that will catch the interest of a consumer or potential customer in a way that no traditional or common-place promotional product would or could – which is why we always suggest keeping your mind and heart open to any and all ideas. You never know what might just be your diamond in the rough. Now That You Know – Time to Start Shopping! As you now know, there is, unfortunately, no one-size-fits-all best promotional products out there that will suit every business in every marketplace. However, we're confident that if you follow the three rules above, and think customer-first, then you'll be able to select the best promotional product for you and your brand, and enjoy the benefits of a well-targeted and thought-out marketing initiative. Happy Marketing!