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Reiki Healing - An Introduction | Health and Happiness and a Long Life Through Reiki Healing! Reiki is the fusion of two Japanese words, rei and ki, essentially meaning "Higher Energy" or "Source Energy". It is an intelligent and compassionate force and remembering this is the key to understanding how Reiki heals. Reiki is considered to be a divine energetic force and differentiates itself from other energy modalities in this way. Most other forms of healing are focused on the balance and stimulation of what the Japanese call ki, a vital energy or animating force, which is considered to be the basis of all things in existence. Similar in concept to the Chinese qi (or chi) and the Indian prana, ki is the basic building block of all that is. Most healing modalities focus on this form of energy. Reiki, on the other hand, is considered to be an even deeper Connective Force. It is generally considered to be of a higher consciousness than ki and is believed to be the very essence of that which many call "God", a powerful and unifying force that ties all else together into a cooperative Whole. Similar in this sense to ki, Reiki is the supreme basis of everything in existence; the very Source and Essence of All That Is, the most true part of us all. How Reiki Heals: An Intelligent Force To learn how Reiki heals and to make sense of the healing process, it is important that you understand the intelligence that is inherent to the Reiki Energy. Unlike other healing modalities, which require the practitioner to consciously direct and stimulate energy throughout the body system, Reiki requires only that a positive intention be held. When a Reiki practitioner positions his or her hands near a body, there is absolutely no need for conscious direction of Reiki Energy into that body or any specific part of that body. The key to understanding how Reiki heals is to realize that Reiki has a consciousness of its own and knows precisely what is needed for each individual person or animal or situation being treated. How Reiki Heals: The Channel Although often referred to as a "healer", the Reiki practitioner is more like a channel, allowing pure Reiki Energy to flow through them into the body of the person or animal in need of attention. By simple hand placement and an open mind, the Reiki practitioner allows the Reiki Energy to work its own miraculous wonders by its own Intelligence. How Reiki Heals: Your Personal Connection How Reiki heals is unique in each individual case, but the basic understanding of what is occurring remains the same. Reiki is the primal energy of the universe guided and directed by the highest wisdom of the universe. It is not some detached vapor that miraculously descends from heaven. Its healing ability is so powerful because it is a part of you. In order to understand how Reiki heals, you must understand that, as strange as it may seem, Reiki knows you; knows your needs, and knows how to meet those needs. This is why Reiki can be effective from a distance. This is how Reiki can be used for self-healing. This is precisely how Reiki heals. How Reiki Heals: Reiki Is For Everyone! Understanding how Reiki heals is empowering because it means that anyone can learn to tap into its benefits, both for themselves and for those around them. Unfortunately, since its introduction to the Western world 70 years ago, Reiki has remained very exclusive to a select few due to the phenomenally high cost of training and general secrecy regarding its philosophy and use. Much has changed more recently, though, and many have agreed that Reiki is for everyone. Reiki Healing Hands What Are Reiki Healing Hands? Healing hands could be the term offered to persons that have been attuned to the healing power ofReiki Healing and can perform Reiki channelling of this power by way of their hands. What is Reiki? Reiki is usually a kind of hands on healing, with its origins in India plus the East dating back a lot of thousands of years to the time ahead of Christ and Buddha. Usui Reiki is a strategy of reiki developed by Dr Mikao Usui in the 19th century. Usui himself produced the name REIKI, Rei which means Universal and Ki meaning Life force. Usui created this system of reiki to ensure that any person could practice hands on healing. He wanted reiki to become universal so that whatever religious or cultural background you held you'd have the ability to turn out to be a reiki master. Adults and kids alike can practice Usui Reiki. Reiki may be the gift of vitality and self preservation encoded into the genetic makeup of all Gods creatures. It's the higher selfs connection to the universal power that breathes life into all living tissues. We are all born with the omniscient wisdom to heal and preserve life, with all living things connected by the Universal Life Force, the non physical ubiquitous energy that provides life to just about every living organism. How Are you able to Obtain Reiki? It is possible to obtain Reiki from a certified Reiki practitioner. You are able to also perform Reiki on oneself by understanding Reiki. We think that The Essence Of Reiki home Study Course would be the greatest home study course about, to find out about Reiki, we employed this course and discovered it very uncomplicated to follow and enjoyable. Right after completing the course you may be a certified Usui Reiki Master and Animal Reiki Master. The Benefits of Hands On Reiki Healing Reiki can help you boost every single aspect of your life and support to retain ongoing wellness and prevent illness. It is actually for everybody and can be applied to heal adults, youngsters, babies, an unborn youngster and also pets. It's a safe and straightforward therapy option that can be made use of to complement and enhance the effects with the regular wellness care an individual receives within the hospital or wellness centre. Indeed, Reiki is made use of within a broad range of settings like hospitals, hospices, cancer support groups, post-operative recovery as well as in drug rehabilitation. Reiki can also be applied with other natural healing therapies which include meditation, crystals and aroma therapy, with Reiki reinforcing the effect of thesehealing therapies. Our Knowledge Of Healing Hands As Usui Reiki Masters we've received and performed Reiki on numerous occasions. We really feel that the healing power of Reiki is an extraordinary thing and we really feel extremely relaxed afterwards. The most beneficial approach to fully grasp what healing hands are or really feel like would be to experience it for your self Reiki Hand Positions. As soon as you've received the very first degree attunement, from a Reiki Master that you are ready to work using the universal life force. Nevertheless, it really is vital that you just realise as with every profession there's a must 1st practice and master the abilities connected with healing including the correct Reiki Hand Positions to get a Reiki Self Therapy. Madam Takata taught her students to heal themselves initially, then their families, then their good friends. Only then did she think they would be adequately qualified and in a position to operate as a practitioner and heal other people. Finding out the Reiki Hand Positions can be comparable to when someone very first learns to drive an auto they need time, practice and experience to master what appears to be a rather complicated set of procedures. Nevertheless, within a fairly brief space of time they're able to drive safely and effortlessly as they unconsciously manage the car and all the many abilities associated with driving. Likewise with time, practice and experience you might master the skills and strategies associated with art of Reiki healing such as the Reiki Hand Positions. Treat the early months as a finding out encounter, just about like an apprenticeship; this can provide you with the time you'll want to develop your self-confidence and expertise. Keep in mind the more you operate with Reiki then a lot more intuitive you are going to become, your energy vibration will likely be raised and you'll develop and expertise a new joyful consistency inside your life. Making use of the Reiki Hand Positions when performing a reiki self healing could be the starting point for individual development and self discovery. Reiki will not be just a tool for healing; it also brings protection, prevention and private transformation on all levels. As you progress along your new path, inevitably you are going to come up against obstacles and setbacks in your life that typically appear like the whole ocean front, but with Reiki you'll have the strength to cope with them as though they may be but pebbles on the beach. Even when you under no circumstances use Reiki to heal anyone but yourself, you can discover a brand new sense of balance and peace in your life. There's no other process of self-treatment as simple and as useful as Reiki. Simply because Reiki is usually accessible to you, whenever you really feel tired, stressed, have any aches or pains, it is possible to alleviate them by merely laying your hands on your body. The infinite wisdom of Reiki will go to wherever it can be essential. Recharge your batteries every day, not just when issues, difficulties, anxiousness or illnesses arise. Day-to-day self remedy will support to prevent sickness and disease, and bring your life into focus and balance speedily. Every time you use Reiki on your self, you raise your self esteem and self adore. You'll discover your mission in life and develop it into additional compassion and love. Instead of receiving stress in the normal actions you make contact with each day such as traffic jams; meetings, interviews, going to the physician?s or dentist, waiting in queues, your youngsters requires and your family responsibilities to name but a few, enable Reiki into your life and let Reiki develop into a brand new way of life to you. Reiki is actually a gift to be savoured and enjoyed. Keep in mind the more you use Reiki the stronger and much more profound it becomes. Every day use could extend your personal life by quite a few years. You can find a number of positive aspects to become gained, which take place with no any effort from a every day Reiki self-treatment like: Reiki will unwind you if you are stressed Reiki brings about deep relaxation Reiki centres your thoughts if you are confused Reiki energises you if you feel drained Reiki calms you after you are frightened Reiki focuses your thoughts and helps you to resolve issues Reiki relieves pain Reiki accelerates natural healing of wounds Reiki improves wellness Reiki gradually clears up chronic troubles Reiki assists prevents the improvement of disease Reiki detoxifies the body Reiki dissolves energy blockages Reiki releases emotional wounds Reiki increases the vibrational frequency in the physique Reiki assists transform unfavorableYourself With Reiki There is certainly no right or wrong approach to work with Reiki on oneself. As you become much more experienced with all the Reiki energy you can intuitively move your hands to wherever it feels right. Having said that, should you be aware of a specific problem which include an injury or pain, then you should place your hands directly over that area to begin with, and follow up with a full self treatment. In the beginning, it is often very best to follow a set procedure using the chakra points. Once you have mastered the hand positions you can then leave each and every self treatment up to your own intuition. You may wish to function with music to add the right relaxing mood. Discover a place where you won't be disturbed if possible. Normally you would spend three to five minutes on every position. Even so, time is typically short, but recall a little Reiki is better than no Reiki. On completion in the self therapy drink a large glass of purified water. Close your eyes and go inside and pay attention for the thoughts and emotions that have arisen during the session. You may really feel light headed, and for those who must rest, or sit down to get a brief time, allow your self this time. If you feel you must continue to function on a specific area with the physique, even if you've got completed a full self therapy employing the reiki hand positions, then go with your intuition; often listen to your thoughts and body. Remember the reiki healing hand positions are only a guide? Use your intuition.
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The Dow Theory | Schannep Timing Indicators PRINT Overview: The Dictionary defines it as "A state of great joy and satisfaction". If the market were to get to 29,316.56 I think that would describe how we all would feel. Is it possible? Before going any further I need to remind you that one of the theorems of the Dow Theory is that "there is no known method of forecasting the extent or duration of a primary movement", to which I add "and yet we all try". That aside, you'll remember that in my last Letter I wrote "The implied gain for the average of the six Indicators was over 30,000 for the Dow Industrials by around this year-end or early next year." So where does 29,316.56 come from? In my November 29th, 2013 Letter I wrote about the book "Techniques of a Professional Commodity Chart Analyst" wherein the author, Arthur Sklarew, wrote in 1980 about the "Rule of Seven". He openly stated "There appears to be no rhyme nor reason to the Rule of Seven, but it is often surprisingly accurate in its predictions". So we tried it out in my December 31st, 2013 Letter and it worked beautifully after the last bear market bottom in 2011. Let me show you what the situation is now on May 1st, 2019. The first leg up from the most recent Bear market bottom on Christmas Eve, when we got the capitulation BUY signal that I relayed to you that day by email, was at the 21,792.20 level on the Dow Industrials. The run-up to the start of the first pullback on February 25th of this year was to 26,091.95 for a gain of 4,299.75 points. The Rule of Seven multiplies those points by seven and then divides it by four (7/4) giving an answer of 7,524.56 points, which are then added to the starting point of 21,792.20 = 29,316.76. Newer Subscribers, and old for that matter, will find more information on how the Rule of Seven works, and has worked in the past, in my Special Report. The market's run-up this year has changed the outlook, not only from Bear to Bull on the stock market, but also on sentiment. A number of indicators, such as this Weekly Leading Indicator from Economic Cycle Research Institute (ECRI) are trending from down to up: And even the "talk of the town" inverted yield curve has "uninverted" as shown below: The first quarter Gross Domestic Product Advance Estimate of 3.2% was a pleasant surprise for most forecasters. In recent years, the first quarter has been the weakest of the year, and while it likely will be revised downward somewhat it looks like it and the second quarter estimates will be in the 2-3% range, a solid backdrop for a continually rising stock market. Housing starts had been a drag on the economy, but the recent housing market index showed confidence bouncing back up to a six-month high, so maybe those starts will improve going forward. And Consumer Confidence seems to be bouncing back as you can see from this chart. In addition, retail sales look to be coming back as well. The DOW THEORY for the 21st Century: This Indicator is GREEN from the 75% BUY at 26,026.32 on March 1st when the definition of a Bull market was met and the 25% BUY at the time of the Capitulation on December 24th, 2018 at 21,792.20, with an average entry level of 24,997.90. The Original Dow Theory: This Indicator is GREEN (BUY) as of April 1st at 26,258.42 when both the Dow Industrials and the Dow Transports closed above their February secondary reaction highs. Unfortunately, another well-known Dow Theory newsletter still awaits all-time highs above 26,828.39 on the Industrials and 11,570.84 for the Transports to proclaim the Buy. Yet another Dow Theory interpretation somehow picked April 3rd as the day of the "signal". It is this kind of misinterpretation of the Dow Theory that gives it a bum rap. Therefore, I continue to update the old/original Dow's Theory in this Letter with my interpretation, which I feel is the correct reading of the Theory, to keep the record straight for those interested. Even though the old/original Theory's last several BUY and SELL signals have been losing propositions, none-the-less the long-term record has been good, and Charles Dow's Theory deserves more credit than it gets. If you want to better understand the Dow Theory for the 21st Century and why I developed it as an improvement to the old/original Dow Theory, then I suggest you take a look at the webinar I did for the Market Technicians Association. It is archived on their website but also available here under "Resources" on this website. I think you'll find it interesting. Sincerely, Jack Schannep ­↑TIMING ↓INDICATOR: This proprietary market-timing Indicator is GREEN (BUY) at an average entry level of 23,841.76 from the 50% capitulation BUY at 21,792.20 on December 24th, 2018 and the final 50% BUY when this Indicator got its signal on February 19th at 25,891.32. This Indicator is based on the market's momentum and the status of monetary conditions, both of which are judged to be favorable at this time with no change in sight. The COMPOSITE Timing Indicator: This, our primary major-trend timing Indicator, is GREEN (BUY) at an average entry level of 23,841.76 from the 50% capitulation BUY at 21,792.20 on December 24th, 2018 and the final 50% BUY when the Schannep Timing Indicator got its signal on February 19th. This Indicator is the one I use in my model (real money) portfolio and recommend most Subscribers use it also. It is 100% invested as shown at the end of this Letter. The BOTTOM LINE: Sklarew also wrote that "Rule-of-Seven measurements, like all other technical indicators, should be confirmed by one or more other technical indicators." We know that the historical average "target" of the six Indicators used in this Newsletter was over 30,000, so we have that as confirmation that the target of 29,316.56 is possible. But here's another way to come up with a similar target. We have used "measured moves" numerous time in the past in these Letters, the most recent in our March 1st, 2017 Letter. In that case we were looking for another 1,000 points to 21,818 and got it by the end of July. This time we are looking for another confirmation of a target around 29,316.56, and as you can see from the following chart, we have such a target. By measuring the move from December 24th, 2018 to February 25th we then add those 4,299.75 points to the setback on March 8th and get the next measured move going to 29,749.99. Bingo! Using the percentage gain of 19.7% yields an even higher "target" of 30,474.05. Bear in mind the numbers are not precise down to the decimal, that would be too much to ask, but the range is what is important, and either "target" attained would be like Seventh Heaven – agreed? Jack Schannep Editor for The Schannep team Historically we have tracked the performance of one of my ACTUAL ROTH IRA portfolios, fully following the Composite Timing Indicator's signals which is currently 100% invested (as shown below). For longer-term results see The Composite Timing Indicator which we use for timing in our Portfolio verses Buy and Hold. FYI, over the last 65 years Buy & Hold has grown at a 10.6% annual rate whereas The Composite has grown at a 13.3% rate. The problem with showing this real-money Portfolio is that it represents only what I am doing, which could be very different from others. Subscribers use this letter for Market Timing, which could include shorting, going long, even utilizing leveraged investments that could double or triple – in either direction. These results have been monitored by several independent sources that track our performance such as Hulbert Financial Digest, DowTheoryInvestments.com, CXO Advisory Group and TimerTrac.com. This Letter concentrates on the big picture, the trend of the major stock market indices which usually influences the price direction of most individual stocks. The Dow Theory is a form of technical analysis that relies on detecting trends in the stock market to determine an investment strategy. The detection of these trends may be interpreted differently by different analysts and the opinions expressed on this website may not be shared by other individuals who apply the same principles of The Dow Theory. Past performance is not an indication of future returns. It should not be assumed that any recommendations made will be profitable or without the risk of loss or will equal the performance of the benchmark portfolio. All investments involve the risk of potential investment losses as well as the potential for investment gains. The performance of any portfolio or investment strategy should be viewed in the context of the broad market and prevailing economic conditions.
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| Discover How To Burn Up To 1,000 Calories So You Can Shrink Your Belly Fat and Rev Your Metabolism Without Having to Count Calories or Diet EVER Again! Finally! A Workout That Burns Up To 1,000 Calories and Triples Your Fat Burning So That You Can Quickly Melt Away Even The Most Stubborn Fat Off Your Body Without Having to Diet Or Count Calories Ever Again... Plus, You'll Discover How Your Clients Can Out-Train a Poor Diet, Putting Your Referrals on "Auto-Pilot" Plus You'll discover the WORST Mistake 97% of People Make In Pursuit Of A Lean And Sculpted Body…Are You Making It, Too? By Kate Vidulich, BSc, ACSM, Master CTT Dear Frustrated Friend, Do you know how many calories you MIGHT burn during 30 minutes of jogging? 238. That's it. And that's just the average. Chances are, you're probably burning less if you've been jogging for a few weeks or more. Heck, half a snickers bar has more calories than that! For all the sweat, time and effort – it seems average, don't you think? And that's exactly why you're getting average results. Did you know that if you do "fat-burning exercises" everyday, like jogging, you could possibly SLOW DOWN your fat loss and do more damage to your metabolism? And I have more bad news for you. While you burn 230-300 calories during your cardio workout, once you stop – so does your fat burning. It literally comes to a screeching halt. But there's something you can do about it today. The 20 second secret formula below reveals the solution to permanently switch fat burning "ON" and never let it drop again ... and it will only take you 1 metabolism boosting workout to skyrocket your afterburn to target stubborn belly fat every time you exercise – WITHOUT starvation dieting or marathon training sessions. There's a little known secret that can keep your fat burning metabolism on overdrive even after you've stopped working out. I'll share this secret with you in just a moment. Once you discover these "underground" facts, that nobody EVER talks about, you'll know how to supercharge your workouts to accelerate calorie burning, increase fat-burning hormones, and KEEP your metabolism revving high day after day. My name is Kate Vidulich, Exercise Physiologist, Master Certified Turbulence Trainer, and in my 10+ years of experience in the fitness industry, I've been researching fat loss training and testing out what actually delivers rapid results — not just on myself, but with some of San Francisco and New York City's wealthiest and powerful men and women, who just happen to be my clients. These people are busy, too, just like you. These clients of mine can afford to hire any fitness trainer they want, but they choose me because I produce real results after spending years relentlessly testing the latest training methods to figure out the fastest way possible… I discovered an unusual trick to supercharge your workouts, which in turn triples your fat loss and stokes your metabolism and I'm going to show you EXACLTY how. Imagine doing workouts that burn up to 1000 calories, that leave you feeling energized and looking absolutely incredible each and every day, and consistently stripping away up to FIVE pounds of PURE fat week, after week...after week... … all without EVER stepping on a treadmill. Now how does that sound to you? Exactly. You see, the truth is that you can burn a whopping 1000 calories in a single workout. That's 4x the calorie burning compared to jogging or classes. But I do have to warn you. This is NOT a gimmick and it's certainly not impossible. Before we discuss how you can, we need to address why YOU'RE NOT losing weight in the first place. So with these two "underground" fat loss secrets I'm about to share, you'll learn exactly what you should and should NOT being doing to accelerate fat loss faster than you can even imagine. Lie #1: You Can't Out Train a Bad Diet Now as you might know, most fitness professionals preach that you can't out-exercise a bad diet. Well, it just takes a special kind of rapid results plan, like the one you will find below. I was personally involved in a ground breaking study from the University of New South Wales in Australia. My research team, led by my Professor Steve Boutcher, discovered that there was a specific version of short, burst exercise that not only allowed you to burn belly fat… And believe it or not, this form of exercise even allowed you to OUT-TRAIN a bad diet. In the study, 45 overweight Australian women were randomly separated into one of two groups: Group A performed 20-minute interval training workouts three time per week using a special bike that allowed them to do an 8-second sprint followed by 12 seconds of recovery. This was repeated continually for the 20 minute workout. Group B performed 40 minutes of slow, steady-state cardio three times per week. Note: that's TWICE as long as the interval training group. (Reference: Trapp, E.G., Chisholm, D.J., Freund, J., Boutcher, S.H. (2008). The effects of high-intensity intermittent exercise training on fat loss and fasting insulin levels of young women. International Journal of Obesity. 32(4):684–691.) It's also important to note that NO changes were made to their diet. Quite frankly, the results are remarkable. Despite continuing with their bad diet, the interval training group lost a significant amount of fat from their bellies, thighs, and even their butts. However, the steady cardio group didn't lose fat at all. In fact, one subject even gained 2.2 pounds after 15 weeks of cardio. But still, one subject, named Louise, managed to lose over 15 pounds with her short, burst interval training even without changing her terrible eating habits. Believe it or not, she was quoted as saying this about her nutrition during the study, "My diet was pretty bad back then, with lots of sweets, lots of junk food. I kept eating the same things, donuts and sugar, it was awful." So Louise was able to out-train a bad diet with her workouts. And so can YOU. With 1000 Calorie Accelerators, you can still burn belly fat even if you can't stick to any kind of diet! Lie #2: Tabata workouts ALONE will accelerate fat loss I hate when people say they did a "Tabata" workout – without a clue what they're really doing. It's another case of someone getting hold of the scientific research on interval training and spinning it the wrong way. And I don't believe "Tabata" is the miracle workout solution it's cracked up to be. Have you read the actual research study? I guess not. Let me enlighten you now. The REAL truth about Tabata workouts The Tabata group did a 10-minute steady state warm up followed by 7-8 continuous cycles of 20 seconds at 170% VO2 max, then 10 seconds of rest on a special bike you only find in research labs. Do you have any idea how hard it is to sprint at 170% VO2 max for 2 seconds, let alone 20 seconds? It's HARDER than anything you could ever imagine. Think total exhaustion. You feel dizzy, nauseous and want to go home. It's not like a hill sprint in spinning class. Go for 20 whole seconds. 8 rounds. Imagine how fun that is (insert sarcasm). You. Might. Die. That is the intensity for a TRUE Tabata interval. Every single interval is truly an ultra-maximal effort. It feels more like an hour of exercise and it's NOT FUN. The original Tabata protocol was created for performance base and tested aerobic and anaerobic output of the athletes. Nowhere in the Tabata study did they mention anything about its effectiveness for fat loss. They didn't even study it. So sure, maybe it does work for accelerating fat loss. Or not. It's unknown. 1. Tabata I, Nishimura K, Kouzaki M, et al.(1996). Effects of moderate-intensity endurance and high-intensity intermittent training on anaerobic capacity and VO2max. Med Sci Sports Exerc 28 (10): 1327–30. This is not to say doing 4 minute intervals with 20 seconds work, 10 seconds rest are completely worthless or wrong. The Canadian study conducted at the Queen's University in 2012 proves otherwise. They showed doing 20-10 intervals of bodyweight exercises does work for increasing cardiovascular fitness and muscular endurance, but it's not the same as true Tabata. Reference: McRae G, Payne A, et al. (2012). Extremely low volume, whole-body aerobic-resistance training improves aerobic fitness and muscular endurance in females. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 37(6):1124-31. You're probably wondering how many calories you burn doing Tabata-style workouts? The research shows you burn close to 15 calories/minute. Cool, right? But as you can see, 4 minutes of exercise is not enough for rapid fat loss. Now you can see why trying to lose belly fat from short workouts is really a misconception, and you could gain fat if you're not careful. The #1 Thing Stopping You From Maximal Fat Loss Virtually everything to do with your weight loss is controlled by one master hormone. This hormone that controls 100% of your body's ability to burn fat is leptin. You may not know how leptin works so let me explain. - High levels of leptin speed up your metabolism, diminish your appetite and signal your body to burn fat. - Low levels of leptin slow down your metabolism, increase your appetite and signal your body to store fat. Now get ready for some surprising facts regarding leptin and your weight loss. Research shows that you face a unique problem when trying to lose weight because of your body's resistance or insensitivity to leptin's signal to burn fat. It's basically like having your body's fat-burning switch set to "OFF" all the time. Plus, when you diet you face a rapid drop in your leptin levels, which slows down your metabolism substantially and leads to frustrating weight loss plateaus and massive rebound weight gain. Again, not cool. Have you ever suffered from the terrible rebound weight gain after you stop a low calorie diet? Well, that's because your leptin dropped significantly, making your metabolism even slower than before you started the diet, resulting in fat piling back on even when you're eating "like a bird". Yet what if I told you there is a solution to permanently switch fat burning "ON" and never let it drop again? Can you imagine how much faster and easier you could lose weight when your master fat-burning hormone is working for you instead of against you? Can you picture how much firmer and flatter your stomach becomes and how much sexier you'll look and feel? You do not need another FAD detox or supplement. In fact, extreme dieting while training hard will leave you feeling sluggish and tired, and unable to reach your athletic potential. So What Exactly are "1000 Calorie Accelerators"? In a nutshell, the 1000 Calorie Accelerator program was specifically designed to progress you along the calorie continuum as fast and safely as possible so that you'll be doing full-blown 1000 calorie-burning workouts that melt fat both during and after the workout, leading to massive fat loss. Burning 1000 calories is no easy feat. Yeah, it's a longer workout. But there is NO dieting involved and these workouts are awesome for big eating holidays (like Easter, Christmas, and Thanksgiving day). Imagine being able to enjoy the holidays and not have to worry about feeling guilty for overindulging in your favorite foods…. … or your clothes getting suddenly smaller … or your shirt feeling tighter We strategically manipulate two training variables to tackle progressive overload from a unique angle. 1. Rest: the length of rest periods between exercises and rounds 2. Sets/Rounds: the number of times a circuit of exercises is completed The end result is the fastest possible SAFE progression and accelerated fat loss results with each and every workout. Here's a quick example of how progression is implemented in to the monthly programming of 1000 Calorie Accelerators: Week 1: 2-3 rounds, rest 60-120 seconds between circuits Week 2: 3 rounds, rest 45-90 seconds between circuits Week 3: 3 rounds, rest 30-75 seconds between circuits You get the picture. The first week is always the baseline. Then every workout each week thereafter gets even more challenging, so that you burn more calories by skyrocketing your metabolism. The REAL Hero: 1000 Calorie AFTER BURN One of the coolest things about the 1000 Calorie Accelerators is that once you've finished your workout, the real calorie burning has literally just begun. And in case you didn't know, it's the number of calories you burn after the workout that helps you burn the most fat. Let me explain… Imagine you do a 60 minute steady state cardio workout and burn a total of 480 calories during that session. That's awesome, right? If you do this daily, you're on track to lose almost a pound a week. But you know, this workout did little for your metabolic rate. Your post workout calorie burn quickly drops down to average rates when you finish. Now, imagine your friend does a 30 minute session of different exercise – a more intense workout that boosts your resting metabolic rate. Sure, your friend may only burn 340 calories in that session, since it's only 30 minutes. But it's more intense, so they burn more calories per minute. Here's where the magic lies The post workout afterburn will kick in, and this intense workout causes you to burn 10 more calories per hour more than you normally would – for 24 hours after the workout is over. While 10 calories per hour above baseline may not seem all that exciting – let's do the math. Calorie burn during the workout = 340 Calorie burn after the workout = 10 calories/hour x 24 hours = 240 Calorie burn total = 580 So now you have 580 calories vs 480 calories – in half the training time. Powerful, right? And a study recently published in the Metabolism journal proves my point: - Subjects performed one of two exercise training protocols: A: Endurance training B: High intensity interval training (HIIT) - The endurance training protocol utilized over twice as much energy to perform the session (120.4MJ versus 57.9MJ) compared to the HIIT group - However when corrected for the energy cost of training, the sum of the skinfold reduction after the training program indicated that the high intensity program was nine-fold greater than the endurance training group. What does that mean? In that study, subjects doing interval training lost 9X more total body fat compared to the endurance training group. So listen, the results are clear... If you want fat loss and maximal calorie burn, working out using high intensity interval training is WAY more effective than long-cardio workouts. So how do you KNOW these workouts actually burn 1000 calories each? Great question. The answer is simple – we tested each workout on an experimental group of more than 15 people. Each person was strapped to Polar Heart Rate monitors with advanced calorie settings, and we measured the read-out at 1000+ calories for each workout. But how can you claim "1000 calories burned per workout" when people of different sizes burn calories at different rates? The workouts were tested on the "average" sized individual. My clients were a mix of men and women, who weighed between 125lbs and 200+lbs. If you weigh more, you will actually burn MORE calories, while people who weigh less will burn slightly less. When you include the calories burned post workout in the "afterburn" period, the 1000 calorie workouts actually burn WAY more than 1000 calories even for people with a lower body weight. What if I'm a relative beginner, or can't do high impact exercises? Can I still use this program? Yes! I wanted to make the program suitable for all levels of fitness so you can supercharge your workouts no matter what stage you're at now. The program has three levels of difficulty: Beginner: 300 calorie Accelerator workouts Intermediate: 500 calorie Accelerator workouts Elite: 1000 calorie Accelerator workouts To figure out where you should start, there is a cutting edge assessment workout included in the package. But the BEST part? You will NOT have to starve your way through this program. In fact, there's NO dieting necessary. You don't have to change your diet and you can indulge in your cravings without worry. It's strategically set up that way to accelerate your results. But this system is not for everybody, especially those looking for the latest magic pill, or "easy workout" solution. Are You Looking for a Quick Fix? Frankly, this is NOT for you. This may sound politically incorrect, but it's what most people are looking for. Sorry. But if you're willing to work REALLY hard in your workouts for 28 days, then I promise you'll get sexy results. Just like you, these people said "NO" to starvation diets and boring cardio: Paul lost 25lbs in 12 weeks! Before weight: 199lbs After weight: 174lbs "I started seeing results and started getting excited. Never had I felt the way I was feeling after being in boot camp for a while. I actually looked forward to exercising! Instead of spending 45 minutes on the elliptical and even more time on weights bored out of my mind, I'm doing burpees, squats, push ups, plank exercises and more in a circuit that really gets my heart rate up, metabolism working and strengthening my muscles at the same time, all in a short workout! It's the perfect style of training for a busy New Yorker. It has completely changed my life. I look better, feel healthier, have way more energy, booming confidence and so much more motivation and courage than before. I've accomplished something I didn't think was possible and now the sky is the limit!" -Paul Betz, 32, New York 47 year old woman lost 19lbs and gained confidence! Before weight: 185lbs After weight: 166lbs In January 2014 I realized that I was not feeling well. I had gained weight, I was tired, I was eating lots of carbs. I was walking a lot, but staying at the same weight. I heard about bootcamp and I went to the first class on 1/13/14 with Kate. It was fun and what I really liked was that the workouts were different. And, the time flew. Week 3 the weight started to drop and then for each week after that more and more weight. My body fat was going down. I felt better, I was sleeping better, clothes that hung in my closet were starting to fit again. People were saying I looked better. I started to feel more confident. When I started I had no idea what a "burpee" was. Now I can do lots of them and the real ones! I have doubled the amount of push ups I can do. I can now hold a plank for more than a minute. I do real squats. It's true that when you see results you want to keep doing more. Years of treadmills and miles of walking and I never saw the results I see now. I want to pack my gym bag at night. I go to work early so that I can leave on time and make it to class. I'm motivated now. I don't ever want to look back. I am going to start going to 4 classes a week, this week. I'm not sure why it took so long to find something that works, but this has. I'm so excited to keep going. The weight loss is great, but more importantly my health is so much better. My doctor said if I lose 10 more pounds she will take me off my blood pressure medication. I'm hooked! - Kim Tebbs, 47, New York "I'm Loving The Results I've Seen Using Kate's Methods!" "I've been a follower of Kate and her Accelerators programs for about 8 months now, having done both Fat Loss Accelerators and her 21 day Abs Accelerators back to back. I've now moved on to the 1000 Calorie Accelerators and I'm loving them. Why? Because they REALLY challenge me (but don't worry because there are so many levels that you can do them no matter where you are in your fitness journey, from beginner to elite).I'm also loving the results I've seen using Kate's methods. I did the 21 day Abs Accelerators just after Christmas and lost 6.4 lbs in the first week alone and achieved more muscle tone than I've ever had (the picture above right is Day 1 and left is Day 21). The fat that melted away was part of the dreaded "last 10 pounds" that never seemed to want to move from my body before that. At 51 years old, I can honestly say Kate's programs have helped me move closer toward my fitness goals and the body of my dreams...at a time in my life when everyone told me it was not possible! Regardless of your age, if you're looking for great workouts that really put you through the paces and for stubborn fat to fall from your body, you're in the right place. I, for one, am very thankful to have found Kate and I know you'll love her programs too. She doesn't just promise sexy results, she delivers!" - Suzie Salmon, Vancouver BC, Canada "Now I Can See My Abs!" "Before I started training with Accelerators, I was out of shape and had gained weight from eating too much. My workouts were random and inconsistent. I wasn't motivated to do anything.Kate's workouts helped me get back in shape really quickly, and it's been fun. And now I can see my abs. I feel my confident and strong." - Jimmy, 27, Sydney, Australia "You'll Burn 1000 Calories and She's Not Fooling!" "I love a new program from Kate, and I'm always excited to see what torture she's come up with this time! I'm always going to support a fellow Aussie and especially when that fellow Aussie has such a nice line in fat smashing workouts! I looked at all the levels because I train a lot of over 50's women and the beginner workouts will be fabulous for them! I checked out the intermediate level because my kids (grown up) love to train too – and then went straight to the elite level for me (competitive is my middle name). There's a lovely little finisher in that lot aptly called the Accelerator Finale – Oh. My. God! When Kate says you'll burn 1000 calories per workout she's not fooling – I was well and truly smashed! Excited to try more workouts from this program. When I've recovered! Love, love, love them! - Lisa Bullock, Melbourne, Australia "Kate Has Changed My Life in the Best Possible Way" "When I first came to Long Island Fit Body Boot Camp, I was 172 pounds and miserable. It was the heaviest I'd ever been and I was very nervous about joining a boot camp as I assumed I'd never be able to keep up. Before working out with Kate, I never really exercised. I'd go through usual cycles of joining a gym, going five times and then never going again. Kate made working out fun for me, which I thought was an unachievable feat. I lost over 30 pounds, and also gained a confidence I'd never had before. I honestly mean it when I say Kate has changed my life in the best way possible." - Rachel Horner, Los Angeles "Here's the Difference Between A Good Workout and A Great Workout" I've done Kate's workouts before and they're always challenging. And this was no pushover! I finished the workout red faced, sweaty and definitely done for the day! The Metabolic intervals were really hard work but good fun – I personally hate running but the sprints at the end of my workout made the difference between a good workout and a great workout. My friend can't even speak properly yet for huffing and puffing lol, and she's a Black Belt in Karate! Have to go sit down now! Thanks Kate! - Gifar Hassan, Melbourne, Australia "I'm in better shape now than I ever was in my 20's!" "Kate's transformation has been an inspiration to me. Two months before a big birthday, I called on Kate to help me get back in shape. As a busy school teacher, I am constantly running after children and I was struggling to keep up. When I started working out, I weighed over 73kg. With the help of Kate's online coaching programs, I lost over 14kg and kept it off. I feel like I'm in better shape now than I ever was in my twenties. To be honest, I don't really enjoy working out. I spent so many years doing the same cardio at the gym and I was over it. Kate created a program for me to do in my flat with dumbbells and body weight exercises. I hardly did any cardio and surprisingly lost more fat than ever before. The workouts Kate designed were challenging and tough, but really easy to follow. I found myself looking forward to working out and it didn't take up all my free time. Kate is really dedicated to helping you achieve your goals. Thanks Kate, I feel amazing without ever being deprived of a life." - P. Andronicos, School Teacher, London, UK I Can Fit in My Skinny Jeans Again! "I have been training with Kate for 4 years. We have refined my regime so tightly that there is absolutely no time wasted. I don't have the time or energy for workouts that don't produce results. We begin or end each workout with a metabolic set of full-body accelerators. These sets have become key in changing the shape of my body (and shredding fat). For strength training, we do 4 sets of 8 reps of targeted muscle groups. It's consistency over time that keeps the results steady. I am thrilled as I can fit into my skinny jeans all the time instead of just on certain days." - Eleanor, New York, NY "You Can Start With Workouts at Your Fitness Level" "I just wanted to thank you so much for this program! It is a real butt kicker and I love it. The format is fantastic, easy to follow and man, I can't wait to see the results! I also like the way it is set out with the beginner, intermediate and advanced programs which gives everyone a chance to do the workouts at their own fitness level. The exercise library is also something that beginners will find very helpful as sometimes exercises sound very complicated but they aren't. The pictures show exactly what to do. So keep up the great work and again thanks for producing this, it is well worth it!" - Judy Hill, Calgary, Canada How can you get sexy results without starvation diets? This 1000 Calorie Accelerators Package includes a 28 day Accelerators rapid results plan, with beginner, intermediate and elite step-by-step workout guide to blast your weight loss, plus challenging body sculpting workouts to keep your metabolism cranking. This is not some lame cardio and diet program but rather a proven done for you system that I have used with my private coaching clients to lose up to 11lbs in only 21 days all while saving an additional $ in the process! Here's Exactly What You Get With The 1000 Calorie Accelerators System Component 1: 1000 Calorie Accelerator Fast Start Guide ($59.95 Value) In the 1000 Calorie Accelerator Fast Start Guide you will discover: ▪ The cutting edge workout assessment to determine the right Accelerator workout level for you (including beginner, intermediate or elite) ▪ How to use the powerful combination of high intensity training, metabolic resistance training and hybrid metabolic complexes to boost your calorie burn for hours after you workout ▪ Comprehensive guidelines for any fitness level to help you accelerate your results and maximize your fat burning hormones. Component 2: 28 day 1000 Calorie Accelerators Workout Plan ($69.95 Value) In the 28 day 1000 Calorie Accelerators Workout Plan you will discover: ▪ The latest, customized high intensity workouts strategically designed to burn 300, 500 or 1000 calories each and every workout for 28 days. ▪ A day-by-day workout plan for beginners, intermediate and elite levels, that shows you exactly what you need to do to destroy your plateau and get fast results. ▪ High quality exercise descriptions and comprehensive workout logs so you can track your progress! ▪ And much more… Component 3: The 1000 Calorie Accelerators Exercise Index ($29.95 Value) In 1000 Calorie Accelerators Exercise Index you will discover: • High quality photos and descriptions of every single exercise in the program, with step-by-step instructions to execute the moves with perfect form. • Over 80 pages of unique and never-before released fat burning exercises that you can do at home or in the gym • The TOP challenging and time saving exercises to burn belly fat with only minimal equipment. Remember, this is an ANTI DIET workout program. PLUS, TODAY, You'll Get As A FREE Bonus - The 1000 Calorie Accelerator Challenges Detailing EXACTLY What You Need To Do To Out Train Your Bad Diet AND TORCH OFF STUBBORN BODY FAT! SPECIAL FREE BONUS The BIG Bonus:1000 Calorie Accelerator Challenges ($49.99 Value) In the 1000 Calorie Accelerator Challenges you will discover: • 10 NEW extreme dumbbell, barbell and bodyweight 1000 Calorie Accelerators that are perfect for big eating holidays (like Easter, Thanksgiving and Christmas) • You can do the "EPIC Accelerator" workouts to crank your fat loss and skyrocket your metabolism for hours. • These workouts are ONLY for the tough and daring, who are serious about getting fast results. You will challenge your body and your mind in a brand new way. Definitely NOT for beginners. YOU'RE GETTING ALL OF THIS THAT'S OVER $209.00 IN VALUE!! The Best part Is That This Entire System Is Completely Downloadable, So Once You Invest In This System, You Will Get INSTANT ACCESS RIGHT NOW – No Waiting. As you can see, the total value of the 1000 Calorie Accelerators System is a whopping $209.84!! All of these programs are guaranteed to help you burn belly fat and get more body sculpting results in less time than ever before…and all without stepping on a single treadmill. But once again, because I know the difference this program can make on your life I want to offer you the entire 1000 Calorie Accelerators System not for $209.84, but at huge discount off the retail price. Exclusive Offer $41 ONLY $15 Yes! Add the 1000 Calorie Accelerators System to my order for just $15 [ujicountdown id="Timer A" expire="2018/01/19 03:00" hide="true" url="" subscr="" recurring="" rectype="second" repeats=""] You can instantly download all of these belly fat burning workouts in just minutes and start using these NEW fat burning techniques today! If you're stunned because you realize this tiny investment for everything is significantly less than a single session with a personal trainer… even in a small town, less than a monthly gym membership, and much less than ANY dangerous diet pill you'll find, hold on a second because I'm not done… Because I believe in what I teach and know that you will experience head turning results, just like all of the good people that I've helped in the past, I will not just promise life changing results - I will absolutely guarantee them… Try 1000 Calorie Accelerators System With A No-Risk,
100% Money Back Guarantee! Remember, you're getting access to everything in the 1000 Calorie Accelerators system, including the main program, the fast start guide, the exercise library, plus the FREE bonus when you click the add to cart button below. You now have all the answers you need to rapidly melt away stubborn fat and get the body you desire, and deserve. Join me, and the thousands of men and women just like you who are finally ready to take control of their body and transform their lives forever. Click the "Buy Now" button below to get started. Exclusive Offer $41 ONLY $15 Yes! Add the 1000 Calorie Accelerators System to my order for just $15 [ujicountdown id="Timer A" expire="2018/01/19 03:00" hide="true" url="" subscr="" recurring="" rectype="second" repeats=""] Sincerely, Kate Vidulich, BSc, ACSM, Master CTT Exercise Physiologist Author of 1000 Calorie Accelerators Author of Fat Loss Accelerators.com P.S. There is NO RISK at all for you to try the 1,000 Calorie Accelerators System. If you aren't thrilled with the amount of belly fat you've lost and how hard you can work your abs without boring crunches with the 1000 Calorie Accelerators System in 60 days, let us know and we'll refund your order. Your satisfaction is 100% guaranteed. P.P.S. You CAN FINALLY eat what you want – if you're willing to put in the work. That's what you get with this 1,000 Calorie Accelerator System. Exclusive Offer $41 ONLY $15 Yes! Add the 1000 Calorie Accelerators System to my order for just $15 [ujicountdown id="Timer A" expire="2018/01/19 03:00" hide="true" url="" subscr="" recurring="" rectype="second" repeats=""] FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Q: I want to start losing fat now. Will I have to wait for you to ship me all this information before I can get started? A: No! You can download the entire program immediately after your purchase in just minutes - and start using these NEW fat burning techniques today! No shipping fees, no waiting for results! Q: So how do you KNOW these workouts actually burn 1000 calories each? A: Great question. The answer is simple – we tested each workout on an experimental group of more than 15 people. Each person was strapped to Polar Heart Rate monitors with advanced calorie settings, and we measured the read-out at 1000+ calories for each workout. Q: But how can you claim "1000 calories burned per workout" when people of different sizes burn calories at different rates? A: The workouts were tested on the "average" sized individual. My clients were a mix of men and women, who weighed between 125lbs and 200+lbs. If you weigh more, you will actually burn MORE calories, while people who weigh less will burn slightly less. When you include the calories burned post workout in the "afterburn" period, the 1000 calorie workouts actually burn WAY more than 1000 calories even for people with a lower body weight. Q: What if I'm a relative beginner, or can't do high impact exercises? Can I still use this program? A: Yes! I wanted to make the program suitable for all levels of fitness so you can supercharge your workouts no matter what stage you're at now. The program has three levels of difficulty: Beginner: 300 calorie Accelerator workouts Intermediate: 500 calorie Accelerator workouts Elite: 1000 calorie Accelerator workouts To figure out where you should start, there is a cutting edge assessment workout included in the package. Q: Will I starve with this program? A: NO! You will NOT have to starve your way through this program. In fact, there's NO dieting necessary. You don't have to change your diet and you can indulge in your cravings without worry. It's strategically set up that way to accelerate your results. Q: Am I just going to lose a lot of weight then put it back on again? A: No. The cool thing about 1,000 Calorie Accelerators is that it boosts and protects your metabolism, to make sure the weight you lose stays off. In fact, the 1,000 Calorie Accelerators system increases your metabolism as you lose fat rapidly. Q: I'm not in my 20's or 30's. Will this program still work for someone considerably older? A: Yes. We've already had plenty of people in their 50's and 60's experience massive success while using the program. You can start at the beginner level and still make excellent progress. The program is designed to have you losing fat fast while increasing your metabolism – no matter what age you are. Q: What equipment do I need for these workouts? A: The workouts are designed with dumbbells and bodyweight primarily, so you will need access to those. While a gym membership helps, you CAN do these workouts at home. Basic home gym equipment will cover it and no fancy expensive gear is necessary. Q: What if I don't have "a lot" of weight to lose? A: Whether you're already in "good" shape or you're just starting out, this program was designed to get you to your next goal as fast and safely as possible. It doesn't matter if you have 10lbs or 40lbs to lose – the 1,000 Calorie Accelerators will get you exactly where you want to be...faster. Q: Are 1,000 Calorie Accelerators only for men, or can women do them, too? A: Listen, this program is for folks who enjoy training hard, and are looking to chisel a lean, athletic body. Men AND women can benefit equally. In fact, women tend to be my hardest working clients – especially the brides. I've never seen anyone training harder than a women getting ready for her big day! Q: What if the workouts are too hard? A: Start conservatively. Take a longer rest between sets or reduce the number of rounds initially. Exercises can always be substituted. Q: How soon can I expect to see results? A: Depending on where you are with your current training, you should notice results in the first two weeks. By the end of the first month, you should make noticeable changes. Q: What if it doesn't work for me? A: Then it's 100% FREE. If you follow the 1,000 Calorie Challenge 28 day program exactly as outlined in the materials, and for any reason are NOT entirely satisfied with the results you achieve from your efforts, just contact us and we'll refund your money. It's that simple. We stand behind our program to get you extremely FAST fat loss and rapid results, and if doesn't yield those results for you when followed, you get your money back. No hassles, no hoops to jump through, just a prompt, courteous refund. If you have any questions, please email me at info@fatlossaccelerators.com Exclusive Offer $41 ONLY $15 Yes! Add the 1000 Calorie Accelerators System to my order for just $15 [ujicountdown id="Timer A" expire="2018/01/19 03:00" hide="true" url="" subscr="" recurring="" rectype="second" repeats=""] NOTE: The 1000 Calorie Accelerators System is a downloadable e-book. No physical products will be shipped. After you order, you will get INSTANT ACCESS to download the e-book and all the bonus reports onto your computer. The e-book format is adobe acrobat PDF, which can be saved to your computer.ClickBank is the retailer of this product. CLICKBANK® is a registered trademark of Click Sales, Inc., a Delaware corporation located at 917 S. Lusk Street, Suite 200, Boise Idaho, 83706, USA and used by permission. ClickBank's role as retailer does not constitute an endorsement, approval or review of this product or any claim, statement or opinion used in promotion of this product.
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Alien Boy | The Life and Death of James Chasse Alien Boy: the Life and Death of James Chasse is a feature-length documentary film about an extraordinary case of police brutality, about what a city learned and how it changed, and about the man in the middle, James Chasse, an artist, a musician, a son, a neighbor – and a man with schizophrenia.
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Visa The AXIS 2000 is a complete Smoking System for Hand Rolled Cigarettes. It consists of a Solid Brass Carrying Case that will hold one or two hand rolled cigarettes, and a Smoking Clip (US Patent #9386804), commonly called a “Roach Clip” for smoking the remnants of the cigarette until 100% of the tobacco is used.
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16 Hour Guys – Mental Toughness, Psychology, Motivation, Fitness Hacks — Doctors Recommend 8 Hours of Sleep, You have 16 hours to be a boss Mental Toughness, Psychology, Motivation, Fitness Hacks -- Doctors Recommend 8 Hours of Sleep, You have 16 hours to be a boss
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Bi(sexuality)The Way, I''m Out This blog serves as an outlet for my thoughts and rumination on Bisexuality and LGBTQ+ topics.
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Free Dr. York, A Chance For Change For Us All! - Free Dr York This site brings awareness to the unjust case of Dr. Malachi York. who's changed the lives of thousands of people worldwide. President Trump, Free Dr. York!
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Bussiere and Bussiere - New Hampshire Personal Injury Attorneys | Why Consider Our Law Firm to Represent You? A free initial legal consultation without any obligations. We advance all costs of your personal injury case. No upfront fees to start your case. We keep you updated on the progress of your case. We will not charge you a penny until your case is won. Over 50 years of responsive, aggressive and committed representation. The attorneys and staff of Bussiere and Bussiere are dedicated to achieving the best possible results for our clients by focusing on each client's unique strengths and circumstances. Bussiere and Bussiere's solid reputation is built on the ideal that your case is as important to us as it is to you. Regardless of how you were injured, the attorneys at Bussiere & Bussiere will not rest until they have recovered all the compensation you deserve. Do You Need a Personal Injury Lawyer? There are many different events that might fall under the umbrella of personal injury, all of which relate to an instance where an individual or individuals are injured as a result of someone else's negligence. These can take the form of car accidents, construction site accidents, snowmobile accidents, motorcycle accidents, and a broad range of other incidents. What all of these accidents have in common is that one or more persons will sustain serious injuries as a result of the accident. Victims will share a common experience of frustration, overwhelm, medical bills, and recovery time. While each accident is unique, many victims who seek out services of a New Hampshire personal injury attorney went to know about their eligibility to receive compensation. If another person's negligence caused the accident in which you or a family member was seriously injured, you may have grounds for a personal injury claim. Bear in mind that a personal injury claim cannot turn back the clock to erase the accident that changed your life forever, but it can help you focus on healing and moving on. Many accident victims are surprised at the severity of the injuries they sustained and the length of time over which these injuries impact their daily life. It is not uncommon for a personal injury accident victim to miss a lot of time at work, and more serious accidents may render a victim unable to return to work at any point in time. Figuring out how to make this work while juggling multiple responsibilities can be a challenge for any accident victim, and that's why New Hampshire personal injury law recognizes the right of these victims to file a claim. If you have been injured, you need to seek out services of a talented New Hampshire personal injury lawyer to discuss the merits of your case and possible next steps.
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XTE-Online Shop | Best Place for Online Shopping Benefits of Using Custom Apple Watch Bands Apple is a brand that has become so popular because of the quality products that it produces. Apple is known for producing different types of accessories and other stuffs like electronics which are of the highest quality. In case you buy a watch you can wish to have its band changed and acquire a new one. Among the
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The Canery spanking and caning stories | 18+ ADULTS ONLY – Where adult males receive consensual spankings and canings for pleasure and discipline 18+ ADULTS ONLY - Where adult males receive consensual spankings and canings for pleasure and discipline
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courtweek.com - Archives: 2011November 1, 2011The Law of Post-Halloween Legal StandardsToday is All Saints Day or All Hallows, a holy day of obligation for some. To others, it''s just the day after Halloween -- a day they forget was once merely All Hallows Eve. Some spend All Hallows recovering from the revelry of the night before, and some are still on the streets in the wee hours of the holy day. Our Case of the Week examines once such alleged citizen on the streets and the unfortunate lesson she learned about differing standards of legal review in a California appellate decision handed down last week.Let''s Make a DealAngelique Bongiovanni found herself in the legal system in 2009, charged with possession of methamphetamine in two separate cases. In a deal that would come back to haunt her on the day after Halloween, she made a plea bargain in one of the cases. Under the plea agreement, Ms. Bongiovanni pleaded no contest, and was placed on probation for three years. As an added bonus, her 365-day jail sentence was suspended to run concurrently with the sentence from her other drug bust.It seemed like a good deal at the time, and it would have been...if only she hadn''t allegedly been out with the witches, warlocks, goblins, and alleged gang members on the streets of Los Angeles on All Hallows 2009.All Hallows HijinksOn Nov. 1, 2009, Wendy Diaz lived with her husband and three children in a Los Angeles neighborhood with a gang problem. Perhaps not unlike Chauncey and Wadsworth fighting over tee times, the proper procedure for shaking martinis, or the best way to train a polo pony, Ms. Diaz''s neighborhood faced fights from the gentlemen and ladies of the rival gangs, "Vincent Town," and "Columbus Street." Police arrested a Columbus Street gang member for breaking into the Diaz home.After taking her children trick-or-treating on Halloween evening, Ms. Diaz ventured outside at approximately 1:00 in the morning of All Hallows to look for a friend parking on the street. Instead, Ms. Diaz said she saw Ms. Bongiovanni accompanied by a companion in a pumpkin costume.According to Ms. Diaz, Ms. Bongiovanni proceeded to engage in an expletive-laden tirade of threats. To accommodate the gentle readers of Courtweek.com who would rather witness a debate between Chauncey and Wadworth on the best ways to make covert contributions to the Republican National Committee instead of enduring the vile threats of alleged gang members, we will attempt to sanitize the vulgarity of Ms. Bongiovanni''s alleged utterances.Ms. Diaz said Ms. Bongiovanni approached her and called her an [expletive deleted] snitcher, adding, "You been [expletive deleted] snitching.""You and your family are coming down," Ms. Bongiovanni stated allegedly, as she is said to have added for emphasis, "You [expletive deleted] rata," and "[expletive deleted] all biccicletas."To assist our readers in appreciating the full flavor of Ms. Bongiovanni''s supposed soliloquy, we should note that each deleted expletive is a version of the same slang word referring to an act of sexual intimacy. In addition, "rata" can refer to a Soviet fighter plane from the 1930s, plants from the Metrosideros genus in New Zealand, or rat in Spanish. We''ll let you decide which one Ms. Bongiovanni might have meant. Also, biccicletas is a derivation of the Spanish word for bicycles. Seems innocuous enough. However, in Ms. Bongiovanni''s case, People v. Bongiovanni, California''s Second District Court of Appeal noted biccicletas was also a term Columbus Street gang members used as a sign of disrespect (or "dissing" in gangspeak) when addressing the upstanding citizens of the Vincent Town gang.Ms. Diaz reported the incident to police the same day and gave law enforcement a description of the woman who threatened her. She then identified Ms. Bongiovanni from a photo line up. Police knew Ms. Bongiovanni to be a member of the Columbus Street gang for almost a decade and that she went by the gang name, "Diabla." It wasn''t difficult police work...Ms. Bongiovanni sported Columbus Street gang tattoos on her body. If that weren''t enough, police said she also admitted she was a member.Winning 10-2?However, nifty tattoos notwithstanding, Ms. Bongiovanni denied she was a member of the gang at trial. In addition, Ms. Bongiovanni noted she was approximately 50 pounds heavier than Ms. Diaz had described her. Then again, it was Halloween, and with her friend in that pumpkin costume, she probably got a lot of candy. Despite Ms. Diaz''s testimony and police testimony citing various Columbus Street gang activities including murder, assaults, car theft, and narcotics distribution, the jury deadlocked, and it''s vote was 10-2 in favor of acquitting Ms. Bongiovanni. The court declared a mistrial and thus granted prosecutors'' motion to dismiss the charges pursuant to California Penal Code section 1385.So, it was time for Ms. Bongiovanni to do the happy dance. Sure, she was on probation, but the charges were dropped. No probation violation there...or so she thought.At an ensuing probation violation hearing, Ms. Bongiovanni argued she had not violated her probation in the All Hallows morning incident. She claimed the whole thing was a case of mistaken identity, and she argued the jury''s 10-2 vote in her favor showed she hadn''t done anything wrong.Most members of the jury may have believed her, but the judge wasn''t buying it. More importantly, for purposes of sending Ms. Bongiovanni to the slammer for a probation violation, the opinions of those 10 jurors didn''t matter.You see, California probation violation determinations differ from a criminal trial in that the fact-finder in a probation violation hearing is the judge -- not a jury. In addition, where in a criminal trial, the legal standard is proof beyond a reasonable doubt, in a probation violation hearing, the standard is only a preponderance of the evidence. In other words, there can be a fair amount of doubt as to whether you did it, but if the judge weighs the evidence, and there''s more evidence indicating guilt rather than innocence, you lose.In Ms. Bongiovanni''s case, the judge noted the cops testified at trial that she was a member of the Columbus Street gang, a Columbus Street member was arrested in connection with the break-in at the Diaz home, and that Ms. Diaz identified Ms. Bongiovanni as the woman who threatened her. In the minds of 10 of 12 jurors, that wasn''t enough to prove anything beyond a reasonable doubt. However, under the preponderance of the evidence standard, that''s all the judge needed.In upholding the trial court''s decision that Ms Bongiovanni violated her probation, California''s Second District Court of Appeal wrote, "Appellant''s argument that a jury vote of of 10-2 for acquittal supports her credibility is not persuasive because the fact finder in the probation violation hearing was the trial judge, not the jury. Because probation revocation differs substantially from criminal prosecution and the facts supporting the revocation need only be proved by a preponderance of the evidence, we find substantial evidence to support the trial court''s finding that the appellant violated her probation."So, Ms. Bongiovanni had her probation revoked, and it was three years of incarceration for her. The moral of this week''s Case of the Week: if you''re on probation and walking around with a giant pumpkin on All Hallows, study legal standards of review before you go calling someone an [expletive deleted] Soviet fighter plane. __________________________October 22, 2011The Law of Flying DwarfsThose readers who enjoyed -- or perhaps didn''t enjoy -- this writer''s On Trial column in The National Law Journal may remember the saga of Dave the Dwarf. He fought to save the Constitution...while saving his livelihood in dwarf tossing. To commemorate the 10th anniversary of Dave the Dwarf''s epic legal battle--and because a Florida state representative is now trying to do in the legislature what Dave could not do in the courts--we now revisit the Law of Dwarf Tossing...and what it tells us about the 5th and 14th Amendments to the United States Constitution...as well as legislative and regulatory drafting in the state of Florida.Big Fun in a Little PackageDavid Flood is a gentleman of somewhat small stature: three foot two, to be exact. He''s also a Tampa, Fla., radio personality and quasi-celebrity. Known as Dave the Dwarf to his legions of little listeners and big fans on Tampa''s 93.3 FLZ radio, Mr. Flood also has had a side business, and that''s what made him a legal star. You see, for a fee, you could bring Dave the Dwarf to your birthday party, St. Patrick''s Day festival, bar mitzvah, or Millard Fillmore Inauguration Day celebration, and Dave would let you engage in the time-honored tradition of dwarf tossing.That''s right, you could put little Dave in a harness and toss him to your heart''s content. Dwarf tossing was a cultural phenomenon in the 1980s. It was the biggest thing since Members Only jackets. It seemed a good time was being had by all, as tiny torpedoes of humanity went airborne at parties.That was, until the Little People of America and their friends in the Florida Legislature intercepted the toss.Little LobbyistsNot everyone was amused by this zany brand of miniature fun. Among the concerned populace was a public interest organization known as Little People of America, Inc. The non-profit organization provides support and information to people of short stature, and states it is the only dwarfism support organization providing services to those afflicted with all of the over 200 types of dwarfism.Little People and others lobbied the Florida Legislature, and the result was the passage of Section 561.665, Florida Statutes, governing activities involving exploitation of people with Dwarfism in establishments selling alcohol.Not all little people supported the law, and one of them was Dave the Dwarf.Dave the Dwarf sued then-Florida Governor Job Bush in an attempt to overturn the law, arguing the law was an unconstitutional violation of his rights under the Due Process Clause of the 5th Amendment and the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment.Specifically, Dave the Dwarf argued in Flood v. Bush, No. 8:01cv02261 (M.D. Fla. filed Nov. 28, 2001), that his due process rights were violated because the law failed to properly define those covered by the law, making the law unconstitutionally vague. He argued also that the law violated his equal protection rights because the law treated him differently than others. For instance, you could be tossed, I could be tossed, and Oprah Winfrey could be tossed (with a great degree of difficulty), but Dave the Dwarf could not be tossed...or so he thought.Banned or Not?The governor''s lawyers swung into action in an attempt to toss Dave the Dwarf right out of court. They argued dwarfs needed protection. Dave counted that was hogwash. Also, in addition to maintaining Gov. Bush should be dismissed from the suit, the Florida Attorney General''s Office argued that there was no constitutional violation because the law didnt really ban dwarf tossing.Turns out they were right.The law itself banned only "undertaking or permitting any contest or promotion or other form of recreational activity involving exploitation endangering the health, safety, and welfare of any person with dwarfism" in establishments selling alcoholic beverages. Nowhere did the law ban dwarf tossing specifically.Dave the Dwarf argued dwarf tossing was good for his welfare because he made money doing it. Note the language is "health, safety, and welfare," as opposed to "health, safety, or welfare." Dave the Dwarf might have been better off leaving the law alone, continuing his aerial acrobatics, and arguing he was in compliance with the law because dwarf tossing promoted his welfare.As it was, the trial court tossed Dave out of the courthouse, holding the law did not ban dwarf tossing and that -- although the law mandated that the Division of Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco of Floridas Department of Professional Regulation promulgate regulations on the issue -- they had failed to do it. While the regulators may have been out at the beach listening to Jimmy Buffet tunes and drinking margaritas, Dave the Dwarf could have been spending his days flying through the warm Florida breezes.So why is Florida State Rep. Ritch Workman trying to repeal the law while everyone from Jon Stewart to your short Uncle Freddy is weighing in on the issue?Well, it appears those regulators finally finished getting wasted away in Margaritaville, cruised on back home to Tallahassee, and did some regulating.The Oprah RuleThe Division promulgated Section 3.048 of Chapter 61A of its regulations, entitled, "Exploitation of Dwarfs." Unlike their friends in the Legislature, the regulators did more precise drafting and included dwarf tossing specifically. The regulation provided in subsection (2): "Any activity described as dwarf-tossing is specifically included within those acts of exploitation prohibited by this rule."Of course, there was also subsection (3), which could be called the Oprah Rule. It provided: "Nothing contained herein shall be construed to prohibit dwarfs from engaging in non-exploitative sporting or recreational events of the type engaged in by persons who are not dwarfs."So now we''ve come full circle: Oprah Winfrey can be tossed (if one has a large catapult), but Dave the Dwarf is, once again, left out of all the fun...unless Rep. Workman has his way. His bill, HB 4063, is pending in the Florida Legislature. In the meantime, you can catch Dave the Dwarf on his radio show, What Would The Dwarf Do?, where presumably, he is not being tossed...at least not yet.__________________________August 25, 2011The Law of Wiener WarsOnce the gentleman from New York''s Ninth Congressional District resigned his House seat for exposing his wiener, you may have thought you would be finished with bad wiener jokes for a while. You would be wrong.This week, mighty corporate litigants have been battling it out in the U.S. District Court for Northern District of Illinois in a wacky wiener war. The case of Sara Lee Corp. v. Kraft Foods Inc., features charges of hot dog blasphemy. Sara Lee, the makers of Ball Park Franks, and Kraft, the friendly folks bringing you the venerable Oscar Mayer wiener, both claim the other has disparaged its products in violation of federal and state law.Seriously though, we all read Upton Sinclair''s The Jungle in school. Thus, everyone thinks hot dogs are comprised of animal parts swept up off the factory floor anyway. How can one disparage a hot dog?Oh, I Wish I Were...Sara Lee fired the first shot in the Weiner War, suing Kraft in May 2009, claiming Kraft violated both the federal Trademark Act of 1946, 15 U.S.C. 1051 et seq., known commonly as the "Lanham Act," the Illinois Consumer Fraud and Deceptive Practices Act, and other Illinois state laws.In its federal complaint, Sara Lee alleged Kraft claimed falsely that Oscar Mayer wieners were the "100% pure beef hot dog" when it knew Oscar Meyer wieners contained other mouth-watering ingredients, such as sodium lactate, sodium diacetate, sodium phosphates, salt, corn syrup, and dextrose. Sara Lee claimed non-beef ingredients comprised approximately 20 percent of an Oscar Meyer wiener. Of course, Sara Lee conceded that most of this non-beef 20 percent was water.Sara Lee claimed Ball Park Franks were disadvantaged becausebeing the honest dudes they are Sara Lee would not compete with Oscars little lies by claiming falsely that Ball Park Franks were 100 percent pure beef.But, Oscar Meyers alleged crimes against humanity and hot dog harmony didn''t end there.In advertising paraphrasing Oscar Mayers famous jingles for its hot dogs and bologna, Kraft claimed, The best tasting beef hot dog has a name. Its O-S-C-A-R, and These days, its Ball Park and Hebrew National who are wishing they were an Oscar Mayer wiener. In addition, Kraft invited customers to Try the taste that knocked the others out of the park.Just as it claimed the 100 percent beef claim was false, Sara Lee claimed these comparisons against its hot dog were false as well.Sara Lees attorney, Richard Leighton of Washington, D.C.''s Keller and Heckman LLP, claimed the evil Oscar Mayer even cheated on taste tests, claiming testers were served boiled Ball Park franks on a paper plate with no bun, no ketchup, no mustard, nothing.It must have been a big taste test error because the bouquet of the sodium lactate and dextrose really pairs well with mustard.Not only were these claims placed in print and electronic media, Sara Lee claimed Kraft even put them on its Wienermobile, a vehicle described by Sara Lee as a hot dog-shaped vehicle that promotes Oscar Mayer and its products in interstate commerce.Have you ever seen the Wienermobile? This writer has. It looks like a rolling phallic sex toy designed to appeal to the prurient interest in violation of the U.S. Supreme Courts holding in Miller v. California.Sara Lee argued that, by making these allegedly false claims in interstate commerce, Kraft violated section 43(a)(1)(B) of the Lanham Act. Section 43(a)(1)(B) prohibits false or misleading advertising or marketing that damages another''s product. In addition, Sara Lee argued these false claims violated the applicable Illinois state laws.Not surprisingly, Oscar Mayer saw things differently.My [Fill in the Blank] Has a First NameMighty Oscar fought back, counterclaiming against Ball Park''s protective corporate mother, Sara Lee. Kraft argued the 100 percent beef was accurate because, although Oscar Mayer contained additives, beef was the only meat in Oscar Mayer. In addition, Kraft believed it needed to illustrate Oscar''s beefiness because of the public perception that hot dogs contain mystery meats.Damn you, Upton Sinclair!In addition, Kraft argued Sara Lee had its own hot dog advertising shenanigans.In a corporate legal battle example of Pee-wee Hermann''s famous retort, "I know you are, but what am I?," Kraft argued Sara Lee made its own false claims about how much beef there was in Oscar''s tubesteak. In addition, Kraft argued Sara Lee mislead consumers with taste tests by professional chefs proclaiming that Ball Park was America''s best franks.All jokes aside, the Wiener War in Sara Lee Corp. v. Kraft Foods Inc., may change the way companies market their products and establish limits for what merchants can say about their products and their competitors in advertising.Meanwhile, the court battle continues with weighty questions, such as "Do a bunch of San Francisco chefs know anything about Chicago hot dogs?" and, if you thought hot dog litigation was bad, just wait until companies start suing each other over other meats lots of people hate.When commenting on the litigation, Sara Lee''s Ball Park product director, Chuck Hemmingway said, "Simply put, we believe that these untrue statements are a bunch of bologna."First, they attack Oscar''s hot dogs, and now Oscar''s bologna? Mr. Hemmingway may want to watch out for the speeding Wienermobile. Oscar is not happy.____________________________August 12, 2011The Law of A&E''s Reality TV TroublesReality television tends to get lots of people into lots of trouble. From going to the slammer for failing to pay taxes on reality winnings to shooting sweet, innocent puppies with arrows, reality TV contestants have often been models of bad behavior. But what happens when it''s the reality show''s network getting in trouble? Our Case of the Week examines what happens when a reality show insinuates falsely that a woman tried to smuggle drugs into a jail via her vaginal cavity.Family DayMarlorita Battle was minding her own business visiting her husband, an inmate at the Riverbend Maximum Security Institution in Nashville, Tenn. Little did she know she was about to become a big, big star.On the day she chose to visit the prison, the A&E Television Network reality show, The Squad: Prison Police, was there, too. The Riverbend facility apparently had a drug problem, and there were allegations the contraband made its way into the prison compliments of visiting family members.It was time for some riveting reality TV drama.The episode of The Squad: Police Prison entitled, Conspiracy, began with Tennessee Corrections Special Agent John Fisher describing the Riverbend prison''s drug problem. He noted that an informant had indicated a woman was smuggling drugs into the prison on a regular basis."We''re expecting this lady today," Agent Fisher said, as A&E splashed Mr. Battle''s face on the screen.As Ms. Battle began what might have been a pleasant visit with her husband and small child, the A&E cameras moved in, and agent Fisher said, "We''ve identified the female subject and inmate," as a mugshot of Ms. Battles husband is shown to television viewers.Keystone Kops and the Nitty GrittyMs. Battle''s husband had the toddler on his lap, and the couple sat next to each other. Ms. Battle''s husband caressed her, and then Ms. Battle visited the restroom, causing Agent Fisher to use his supposedly excellent cop skills to determine a crime was in progress. Not unlike the Keystone Kops, Agent Fisher and his bumbling band of merrymen swung into action."Hold on now, she''s going to the bathroom," Agent Fisher says, adding, "Typically, these women hide stuff up their vaginal cavity [sic] and then go to the restroom to take it out. Now we are starting to get to the nitty gritty."The camera then shows the doors to the bathroom, triggering more amazingly astute analysis from Agent Fisherthis time its about the size of Ms. Battles bladder and her efficiency in the latrine."There she is, right there. See how fast she went in there. She didn''t have time to pee," Agent Fisher says.Apparently, Agent Fisher, unaware of a bygone era when gentlemen and ladies would not utter the verb, "pee," on national television, has a special mathematical formula for computing travel times for urine through the urethra and into the toilet, hand washing, mirror check, and egress from a restroom.Ms. Battle, allegedly carrying something in her hand, proceeded to kiss her husband, A&E provided a crashing cymbal sound to enhance the reality TV drama, and Agent Fisher exclaimed, "Some [expletive deleted] just happened. I think we got ''em. I think we got them."It was time for the brave men of law enforcement to swing into action with A&E there to capture all the zany fun.First, they conducted a strip-search, and then, they placed Ms. Battle''s husband in a so-called "dry cell." Its called a dry cell because there''s no running water, and thus, no way to get rid of contraband.They kept Ms. Battle''s husband in the dry cell for 24 hours. He neither urinated nor defecated any contraband.After releasing Ms. Battle''s husband from the dry cell, Agent Fisher called the incident a "false alarm," but he added more commentary during the closing credits of The Squad: Prison Police that would become significant in subsequent litigation. This is Courtweek, after allyou know someone''s gonna get sued."If you are dirty, if you are smuggling in contraband, drugs, cellphones, tobacco, then we''re going to catch you. We might not get you today, maybe next week, next month, next year, but eventually, we''re going to catch up with you, and we''re gonna get you. That''s what we do," Agent Fisher said.Reality TV in CourtMs. Battle sued A&E Television Networks, Inc., and Wild Eyes Productions, Inc., the producers of The Squad: Prison Police, in federal district court in Tennessee, alleging defamation and intentional infliction of emotional distress.A&E and Wild Eyes moved to dismiss the suit, arguing on the defamation claim that The Squad: Prison Police was not capable of defamatory meaning, noting that the program doesn''t claim Ms. Battle committed a crime, but instead "accurately reports the results of an investigation."The court didn''t buy it.Noting the camera angles, the ominous music, and the made-for-TV commentary of Agent Fisher, U.S. District Judge Kevin Sharp wrote:"Even though the Program indicates that a search of Plaintiff revealed no drugs, a jury could conclude from the overall way that the Program is presented that Plaintiff was a drug smuggler who just happened not to get caught on September 12, 2009. Such an impression is enforced by Agent Fisher''s parting comments to the effect that while we might not get you today, we will get you sooner or later if you are smuggling drugs into a Tennessee prison."In rejecting the attempt by A&E and Wild Eye''s to dismiss Battle v. A&E Television Networks, Inc., the court cited also the U.S. Supreme Court case of Milkovich v. Lorain Journal Co., and held that statements of opinion were not automatically protected from libel and slander claims on First Amendment grounds."After all, ''expressions of ''opinion'' may often imply an assertion of objective fact," the court said.The lesson we take from this week''s Case of the Week is that, before airing a show, A&E might want to make sure the subject is guilty of genital smuggling--or at least not put a cop on the air insinuating the innocent party just got lucky on that one occasion. After all, they could just put a bunch of people on a desert island, have a some obnoxious people become roommates, or have really untalented people sing.________________David Horrigan is an attorney, journalist, analyst at The 451 Group, editorial director at Courtweek.com, and former staff reporter and assistant editor at The National Law Journal. His articles have appeared also in The Washington Examiner, Law Technology News, The American Lawyer, The New York Law Journal, The San Francisco Examiner, Corporate Counsel, Texas Lawyer, Florida Lawyer, and Daily Business Review. E-Mail: dhorrigan@courtweek.comAugust 5, 2011The Law of Pig FumesHave you ever had a neighbor who cooked food they may have found tasty and delicious, but that emanated aromas reminiscent of aged Roquefort cheese and dirty baby diapers left in a garbage can in the hot sun? It would be most annoying, but would it be unlawful? Would the pungent aromas be trespassing onto your property?Believe it or not, the issue has been litigated, and, in this week''s Case of the Week, we learn whether various airborne items--chemical particulate matter, sewage plant smells, and pig farm fumes--are trespassing when they waft onto your property. People may disagree, and that''s okay. As we''ll discover, the courts disagree as well.Organic AirOluf and Debra Johnson had decided to get back to nature. They converted their Minnesota conventional family farm into an organic farm, hoping to achieve an organic food certification that would allow them to charge more for their farm fresh products.Soon the Johnsons were ready to enjoy their new organic Eden. As they began their new all-natural existence, they stopped using pesticides, and Mr. Johnson posted signs around the property, letting everyone know that the Johnsons'' new tree-hugging Utopia was a chemical-free zone.There was just one problem. The neighbors hadn''t joined the eco-friendly bandwagon.The Johnsons may have embraced Mother Nature, but their next-door neighbor, the Paynesville Farmers Union Cooperative Oil Company, was still spraying away. Pesticides and herbicides drifted onto the Johnsons farm.Seeing the neighboring farm much like a chinchilla sanctuary might view a petrochemical plant as a neighbor, the Johnsons filed complaints in 1998, 2002, 2005, 2007, and 2008. The Minnesota Department of Agriculture cited Farmers Union four times for violating Minn.Stat. 18B.07, subd. 2(b) (2010), which made it illegal to apply a pesticide resulting in damage to adjacent property.Having had enough of chemicals wafting onto their pristine, virginal, chemical-free land, the Johnsons sued in Minnesota state court in January 2009, alleging, among other things, that Farmers Union committed trespass by allowing its chemical fumes to invade their property.A state trial court was unconvinced. It granted summary judgment to Farmers Union, on all claims, including the trespass claim, holding that trespass by particulate matter was not recognized in Minnesota.Leading the charge for Birkenstock-wearing lovers of fields and streams everywhere, the Johnsons appealed.The Law of Pig FumesIn rejecting the Johnsons'' claim, the trial court relied on the Minnesota Court of Appeals'' decision in Wendinger v. Forst Farms, Inc., 662 N.W.2d 546 (Minn. App. 2003), review denied (Minn. Aug. 5, 2003). The facts leading to the court battle in Wendinger are every homeowner''s worst nightmare.The Wendingers and the Forsts had been neighbors for years. They had also farmed their lands for years, and the Wendingers built a new home on their land in 1984.In 1994, the Forsts entered into an agreement with Wakefield Pork, Inc., to construct and maintain a pig farm to house Wakefields'' pigs. In a design sure to make anyone nauseous, liquid pig waste was stored in an outdoor concrete lagoon. The pig poo was then pumped and spread on the fields each fall.As the scents from farmyard feces filled the ambient air, the Wendingers began to complain. Then, they filed scores of complaints with state and local authorities. Finally, they sued.Among their allegations was a claim for trespass, arguing the pig fumes entering their property constituted trespass.A trial court dismissed the trespass claim, and the Wendingers appealed. The Minnesota Court of Appeals affirmed, holding that the Wendingers'' claim was one for nuisance--not trespass--because the odors of which the Wendingers complained interfered with the use and enjoyment of their land, not with their exclusive possession of it.The trial court in Johnson used the Wendinger decision for the proposition that particulate matter traveling from one property to another could not constitute trespass. However, the appellate court in Johnson held the trial court read too much into the pig fume decision.Pesticides are not Pig FumesAlthough the appellate court in Wendinger used the phrase, "particulate matter," the appellate court in Johnson held all particulate matter is not alike."Nothing in our Wendinger analysis indicates that we intended the term particulate matter to define a unique category of physical substances that can never constitute a trespass," the court said. Basically, the court held pesticides are not pig fumes."Unlike the plaintiffs in Wendinger, the Johnsons do not claim trespass based on transient odors. Instead, they primarily complain that the liquid chemicals that the cooperative sprayed into the air from neighboring fields drifted, landed, and remained on the Johnsons'' organic crops in detectable form, contaminating them." Judge Kevin Ross wrote for the court.Where the Wendinger court said there was no trespass because the pig fumes only affected enjoyment of the land, not possession of it, in ruling for the Johnsons, the appellate court in Johnson held that pesticides can affect both possession and enjoyment."The errant dispersion of pesticides, which contain chemicals designed to affect the land, can interfere with possession," the court said.So, the next time youre cooking your Aunt Betsys Garlic and Sauted Sardine Surprise, youre probably okay--even if it does ruin the ambiance of your neighbor''s garden. But, if you spray Raid, and it ends up in your neighbors Cheerios, he may just lawyer-up.______________________________July 28, 2011The Law of Protecting Celine DionHow important is protecting Celine Dion?After all, she sells millions of records, and many middle-aged women adore her. However, there are millions more who would rather spend a weekend in an Iranian torture chamber than listen to Ms. Dion sing the theme from Titanic for the 4,761st time.The woman may need some protection.Well, in a development that may damage U.S.-Canadian relations and come as a shock to fans of syrupy, schmaltzy pop music, a federal appellate court has held that serving as Celine Dion''s bodyguard does not constitute an original contribution of major significance in a field of endeavor sufficient to warrant the granting of a EB-1 visa.The BodyguardHad the court heard the case of Kevin Costner''s character protecting Whitney Houston in The Bodyguard, the whole thing might have gone differently. Mr. Costner''s character had made a major contribution in the field of celebrity personal protection by serving as a U.S. Secret Service agent. Such a high level of demonstrated skill and accomplishment might have brought him a visa.But what if, instead of being employed by the U.S. Department of the Treasury to be part of elite squad of livesavers, Mr. Costner had been employed to protect the top-selling female Canadian recording artist of all time by the pride of Charlemagne, Quebec herself?Would the United States grant a visa to the man who had protected Canada''s fourth most famous export--next to Keanu Reeves in Bill and Ted''s Excellent Adventure, maple syrup, and those deeply disturbing Sarah McLachlan commercials with the abused puppies and kittens?Nikolaos Skokos thought they should.Mr. Skokos, a security consultant for Celine Dion, applied to the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for an EB-1 visa, and DHS rejected him. Apparently, DHS didnt think protecting the vocal cords that brought Beauty and the Beast to warm the hearts of little children was important enough.To see what an affront this might be to Ms. Dion''s throngs of adoring fans, it helps to know a little bit about the legal process behind granting visas to enter the United States.Legal TitanicIn addition to establishing a lottery for certain visas and dropping homosexuality as a basis for exclusion from the United States, the Immigration Act of 1990 created the EB-1 visa to attract immigrants with exceptional talents and skills.The EB-1 visa has three types, one for multinational executives and managers, one for professors and researchers, and one for applicants of extraordinary ability. Two of the ways an applicant can demonstrate this extraordinary ability are showing he had made original contributions of major significance to his field of endeavor under 8 C.F.R. 204.5(h)(3)(v) or showing she was paid a high salary compared to others in her field under 8 C.F.R. 204.5(h)(3)(ix).Not only did DHS feel that protecting Celine Dion did not meet this standard of excellence, the U.S. District Court for the District of Nevada agreed with DHS, holding for the government and rejecting an appeal filed by Mr. Skokos.In the legal equivalent of running the Titanic into an icebergwhile listening to Celine Dion sing about it as Leo and Kate flail in the frigid waters of the North Atlantic, Mr. Skokos appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in Skokos v. Department of Homeland Security, and fared no better.The appellate court held Mr. Skokos failed to establish that his work for Ms. Dion constituted an original contribution of major significance to the field of bodyguarding. In addition, the court held he failed to establish that he was paid more than most celebrity bodyguards.The court noted Mr. Skokos claimed he was far more than a bodyguard--he supervised guards, made security arrangements in the exotic destinations where Ms. Dion shot her mesmerizingly dramatic videos, and provided around-the-clock protection for Ms. Dion and her family. Nevertheless, the court was unmoved that protecting the valuable Canadian export was sufficiently significant to get a visa.The court noted the high standard for granting an EB-1 visa, citing the case of Kazarian v. USCIS, where a physicist who had published articles, written a textbook, and lectured extensively didnt even qualify for an EB-1 visa because his work--although satisfying the criterion for authorship of scholarly articles--did not establish that his work was of major significance in the field of physics.But, is writing scholarly articles and lecturing on physics at universities really as important as ensuring the gaffer and the best boy don''t snag Celine Dion''s Perrier from the buffet table?Of course, some people have managed to prove they are important and accomplished enough to get an EB-1 visa. Golfer Nick Price got one, but--unlike Mr. Skokos--he had won multiple championships, earned over a million dollars in prize money, and he had Jack Nicklaus, Lee Trevino, and Hale Irwin execute affidavits supporting his position.If only Mr. Skokos had managed to get a raise from Celine Dion and recommendations from Gladys Knight and the Pips.______________________________David Horrigan is an attorney, journalist, analyst at The 451 Group, editorial director at Courtweek.com, and former staff reporter and assistant editor at The National Law Journal. His articles have appeared also in The Washington Examiner, Law Technology News, The American Lawyer, The New York Law Journal, The San Francisco Examiner, Corporate Counsel, Texas Lawyer, Florida Lawyer, and Daily Business Review. E-Mail: dhorrigan@courtweek.comJuly 20, 2011American Idol''s American LitigantMany contestants on the hit television show, American Idol, may believe Simon Cowell is a somewhat nasty fellow. He berates participants, calls them names, and generally makes people wonder if his momma taught him any manners. Nevertheless, most of these verbal salvo victims don''t sue. But, one did, leaving us with the question: Does Simon Cowell''s boorish behavior on American Idol violate Title VII of the Civil Rights of 1964?Effeminate Idol?In what some take as evidence of the decline of Western civilization, American Idol, the American spin-off of the British program, Pop Idol, has become one of the most successful shows on television. Contestants participate in singing competitions to win recording contracts, and the winners, including singers Kelly Clarkson and Carrie Underwood, have gone on to fame and fortune.Some of the contestants weren''t as talented. One of those contestants was Ian Bernardo.Mr. Bernardo first appeared on American Idol in 2006 on the opening show of the season. These season-opening audition shows feature a few acts that will advance in the competition and a few acts that will come close. They also feature performers with no reasonable chance of advancement. These contestants--possessing little or no talent--apparently appear to provide comedic material by making fools of themselves. Apparently, Ian Bernardo was one of these comedic contestants for the 2006-2007 season.Not surprisingly, Mr. Bernardo was unsuccessful in his American Idol audition. However, Mr. Bernardo--who described himself as "having a non-conforming appearance based on gender stereotype," which a U.S. District Court interpreted to mean that "he appears to conform to a stereotype of an effeminate homosexual male"--did make subsequent appearances on the show for the 2006-2007 season finale and for Simon Cowell''s final appearance on the show in May 2010.The Courthouse AuditionClaiming he was an employee of American Idol Productions Inc. on each of his appearances, Mr. Bernardo claimed also that he was subject to discrimination and harassment due to his sex on each of his appearances. He claimed American Idol Productions employees told him to "gay it up" and that producers conditioned his appearance on Mr. Cowell''s farewell show on Mr. Bernardo''s willingness to be "outrageous, flamboyant, and really gay."Claiming he was also subject to epithets such as "fag" and "homo," Mr. Bernardo filed a complaint with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). He obtained a right to sue letter from the EEOC and sued American Idol Productions for violations of Title VII of the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 and New York State law.American Idol Productions moved to dismiss the case, making several arguments. In addition to claiming Mr. Bernardo suffered no adverse employment action, the producers argued Mr. Bernardo had failed to make a case for hostile work environment under Title VII. Although the court conceded that--if true--the conduct at the Simon Cowell farewell show would constitute a hostile work environment, the court rejected Mr. Bernardo''s legal argument.Noting Title VII is not a civility code and that discrimination on the basis of homosexuality is not prohibited under Title VII, the court held Mr. Bernardo had not established that gender stereotyping, which is prohibited by Title VII, had so permeated the workplace so as to create a hostile work environment.The court went on to dismiss all Mr. Bernardo''s claims, noting, "He, like everyone else with a modicum of talent (or less) who auditions for American Idol, chose to appear on a program that was famous for its judges'' insulting behavior. Benardo went on the air after being told what was expected of him, and he knew what to expect. Having volunteered to be insulted, he cannot now claim that he was sexually harassed."There was no word as of press time as to any possible Ian Bernardo appellate audition at the Second Circuit._____________________July 10, 2011Suing After Ferocious Puppy PanicPeople are injured in Americas stores, streets, and subways all the time, making personal injury law a big business. Its also one of the most contentious. Some cases may seem easy, but what if youre injured after being chased down a supermarket aisle by a charging dog owned by a store employee? Should the store be liable? Two Mississippi courts disagreed recently. Of course, it helps if you know something about the dog.Attack in the Artichoke AisleLenetra Outlaw decided to do some shopping at her local Penny Pinchers discount grocery store in West Point, Miss., one day in Aug. 2006. An otherwise pleasant shopping day took an unfortunate turn when Ms. Outlaw heard a sound that gripped her with fear and panic.She heard a dog bark.Ms. Outlaw then heard the terrifying sound of dog claws on Penny Pinchers'' floors as the possibly ferocious beast came charging down the aisle. Ms. Outlaw, who said she was extremely afraid of dogs, decided it was time for drastic evasive maneuvers.She ran down the aisle, made a turn, and sought refuge from her brutal foe. Not finding a safe place in the aisle, she ran into a freezer. Thinking that wasnt safe enough--after all, she probably saw the movie, Cujo--Ms. Outlaw leaped on top of the freezer. In her Quixotic quest to escape Armageddon, Ms. Outlaw exacerbated a previously existing hip injury, and decided to sue Penny Pinchers and Cindy Scott, the store manager who owned the attack dog.A Mississippi state court jury found for Ms. Outlaw and awarded her $130,000, finding Penny Pinchers 70 percent at fault and Ms. Scott 30 percent to blame.At this point, you may be wondering, What''s so interesting about this case?Remember at the beginning we told you it would help if you knew a little about the dog?Baby Weiner DogIt turns out this allegedly ferocious attack dog was nothing more than a four-month-old Dachshund puppy. That''s right. A little weiner dog weighing four pounds.It seems Ms. Scott brought the adorable puppy named Sophie to work every day. The pleasant little puppy had never attacked anyone before. Ms. Scott kept Sophie behind the counter--not to protect customers, but so that no one would step on the little thing. Rather than a 150-pound Rottweiler with a spiked collar, Ms. Outlaw jumped on top of a freezer in mortal fear of a tiny weiner dog puppy.Given this fact pattern, Penny Pincher and Ms. Scott decided an appeal was in order. The issue facing the Mississippi Court of Appeals in Penny Pinchers v. Outlaw: Did the presence of the four-month-old Dachshund puppy create an unreasonably dangerous condition at Penny Pinchers that day?The court noted that the Mississippi Supreme Court had held that dogs are not dangerous per se. The Magnolias State''s dog-loving supreme court held in Poy v. Grayson that to impose liability on a dog owner for personal injuries, a plaintiff must show the dog had a propensity for violence and that the owner knew it.The court in Penny Pinchers noted that the four-month-old, four-pound bundle of love, Sophie the Weiner Dog, had a clean record.Citing the Mississippi Supreme Courts 1969 decision in General Tire & Rubber Co. v. Darnell, the court went on to hold that a premises does not have to be completely safe from any hazardonly reasonable safeand that the plaintiffs own actions can be a factor."We acknowledge Outlaw''s extreme fear of dogs. However, we cannot say that it was reasonable for Penny Pinchers to anticipate that anyone, even someone with a great fear of dogs, would have such a reaction to Sophie''s presence in the store," Judge Thomas Griffis wrote for the court.Thus, we feel confident in saying, if you hurt yourself jumping on top of a freezer to escape a four-pound Dachshund puppy, don''t bother suing anyone because its probably your own fault.__________________________June 29, 2011A Defamer''s Guide to ''Dirtbag v. Dirtbag''What does it really take to slander or libel someone? The law of defamation can be complex, but a New York state court recently tried to sort out this weighty issue: What is a "dirtbag," and is the term defamatory?The issue arose after a man named William Schumacher penned comments that another man, John Acheson, was "the biggest dirtbag" he had ever met in his life. Acheson sued Schumacher before Westchester City Court in what, amusingly, could become a seminal case of black letter law. Apparently, no other U.S. court has ever issued a reported decision on the issue of whether it is defamatory to call someone a "dirtbag."Citing a New York precedent, the court in Acheson v. Schumacher said libel or defamation was "a writing or broadcast that tends to expose the plaintiff to public hatred, contempt, ridicule, or disgrace." The court went on to cite the five proving elements of the tort, including the truth or falsity of the statement and whether the complaining party actually sustained damages.Without offering any citation, the court defined "dirtbag" as "an informal term" meaning "a dirty, grimy, sleazy, or disreputable person." The court went on to explain various possible meanings for Mr. Schumacher''s allegedly defamatory statement. Did Schumacher mean that Acheson was the physically largest of the dirtbags he had known? Or perhaps just one of the most powerful? The court surmised also that Schumacher may have believed Acheson to be "just a tad worse" than the other dirtbags he had known.The point the court was making was that -- in any case -- these statements would all be opinions. Citing the case of Gilliam v. Richard M. Greenspan, P.C., the court held that statements of opinion are not defamatory. (In Gilliam, one lawyer penned a nastygram, saying unflattering things about another lawyer. The court held it was opinion and threw out the case.)But don''t take these court decisions as a license to spew any insult you please. In Lund v. Chicago and Northwest Transp. Co., a Minnesota appellate court held that certain epithets -- in that case, the unfriendly word "s---head" -- used alone might be only "unactionable rhetorical hyperbole," but combined with other defamatory words or statements, such words could "take on actionable characteristics."It also matters where and when insults are hurtled. In National Recruiters Inc. v. Cashman, the Minnesota Supreme Court found it slander when a plaintiff was called "a no-good loser; a no-good son of a bitch" in the context of an employment reference.Other courts are more hostile toward such lawsuits. When ESPN posted a photo of daredevil Evel Knievel and his wife with the caption, "Evel Knievel proves you''re never too old to be a pimp," the Knievels sued the network for defamation. They lost on the grounds that a reasonable person would not have taken the photo and caption to mean Evel was literally a pimp and Krystal his prostitute, despite their 29-year age difference and his rose-tinted glasses in the photo.And Florida courts have held that even such insults as "cockroach" and "mega-scumbag" do not constitute defamation, nor do references to a woman''s "poor feminine hygiene." Despite being "crude and indecent," such comments were considered permissible as "satirical hyperbole."The bottom line is that you can freely call someone a dirtbag or a mega-scumbag, but be careful the next time you write a letter of recommendation. If you can''t say something nice, at least don''t say anything that will get you sued.___________________________David Horrigan is an attorney, journalist, analyst at The 451 Group, editorial director at Courtweek.com, and former staff reporter and assistant editor at The National Law Journal. His articles have appeared also in The Washington Examiner, Law Technology News, The American Lawyer, The New York Law Journal, The San Francisco Examiner, Corporate Counsel, Texas Lawyer, Florida Lawyer, and Daily Business Review. E-Mail: dhorrigan@courtweek.comRead more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/op-eds/2011/06/defamers-guide-dirtbag-v-dirtbag#ixzz1Qfc82pzXJune 12, 2011The Law of Ben & Jerry''s and Natural BeansHave you ever wondered just what "all natural" means? There was once a professor who reminded his students that the bubonic plague was all natural. Various merchants--from sellers of cereal to purveyors of popcorn--claim their products are "all natural." Ben & Jerrys claimed its ice cream was all natural, but the Center for Science in the Public Interest didnt agree, so they got someone to sue Ben & Jerry''s.So, we can attempt to discover once and for all just what all natural means, the tale of Chubby Hubby, Chunky Monkey, and Cherry Garcia defending their honor gets to be this week''s Case of the Week.Activist ice creamIn the 1970s, childhood friends Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield took a correspondence course in ice cream making. Then they scraped up $12,000, opened an ice cream shop in an old Vermont gas station, and delivered dairy products in a station wagon. Ben & Jerry''s Homemade Inc. was born, and, as they say, the rest is history.Ben & Jerry''s expanded quickly. Not only was the company known for its tasty ice cream with imaginative names, Ben & Jerry''s became known as a leader in social and environmental activism. The growing company tried to promote world peace, and--from green dairy farms to recycled supplies--Ben & Jerry''s made environmental stewardship a focal point of its operations. In addition, Ben & Jerry''s donated 7.5 percent of the companys pre-tax profits to charity through the Ben & Jerry''s Foundation. In 2000, Ben and Jerry sold the company to Unilever.Although they are now very rich dudes, Messrs. Cohen and Greenfield and their ice cream operation still conjure up images of granola, Birkenstocks, peace signs, and...well...things that are all natural. Of course, the labels of Ben & Jerry''s ice cream read all natural, too. Some people didn''t think it was natural enough.Dutch chocolateAlthough Amsterdam may be more famous for Rembrandt, the Rijksmuseum, and reefers, some people believe the Netherlands is also famous for Dutch chocolate. But, does anyone really know what Dutch chocolate is? Hint: it''s a little more complicated than just being made near The Hague.Chocolate is produced when seeds from cocoa beans are fermented and dried and mixed with fat and powdered sugar. Cocoa powder can be made in two forms: unalkalized cocoa or Dutch-process alkalized cocoa. The unalkalized cocoa is made by merely pressing the beans. The process produces a light brown, very acidic powder.Dutch-process cocoa, on the other hand, is produced by cocoa nibs with a mild alkali solution to raise the pH and thus, lower the acidity. This process improves taste, color and solubility, but it also destroys many of the flavonols, which are believed to have health benefits. Ben & Jerry''s used the Dutch alkanization process.All Natural?The Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) doesn''t think alkanized cocoa is all natural, so it contacted Unilever, demanding that the company remove the words all natural from both Ben & Jerry''s and Breyers ice cream, another brand the company owns. Ben & Jerrys agreed to remove the phrase, all natural, from any products containing alkanized cocoa. Breyers did not.CSPI organized a class action with the ice cream-enjoying Skye Astiana as lead plaintiff of a band of ice cream eaters who hate the allegedly unnatural Dutch chocolate, and sued Ben & Jerry''s in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California in Astiana v. Ben & Jerry''s Homemade Inc. They alleged violation of both federal and California law in the labeling of the ice cream as all natural even though its cocoa contained potassium carbonate from the alkanization process.Specifically, the CSPI plaintiffs argued Ben & Jerry''s committed fraud and engaged in false advertising in violation of California Business & Professions Code 17500. In addition, CPSI claimed Ben & Jerry''s violated regulations promulgated by the federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA).Ben & Jerry''s filed a motion to dismiss the case, making numerous arguments, including debating the definition of all natural.The ice cream makers argued that "all natural" was a term of art under FDA and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) regulations. Thus, Ben & Jerry''s argued, for the CSPI plaintiffs to have been deceived by the all natural packaging, they would have had to have possessed an intimate familiarity with the FDA''s natural policy as well as the USDA''s regulations about what constitutes a synthetic process.Ben & Jerry''s was taking the position that Ms. Astiana was merely an ice cream lover and not a federal regulatory expert.In addition, Ben & Jerry''s argued a prospective class plaintiff would have had to taken that extensive regulatory knowledge, then actually have seen the all natural phrase on the package, and then made her own analysis that the ice cream was either not alkanized or that the alkali used in the Dutch cocoa process was not synthetic under the USDA regulations.After all that, under Ben & Jerry''s argument, the potential plaintiff would have had to have relied on that regulatory analysis in deciding to enjoy that pint of Chubby Hubby. Ben & Jerry''s argued that when the reasonable consumer bought her Chunky Monkey, she was not assuming all natural meant alkanized with sodium carbonate and not potassium carbonate.The court wasn''t buying it--at least not for now.The court denied Ben & Jerry''s motion to dismiss, holding that the dispute was too fact-dependent to be thrown out at this point."Moreover, the fundamental dispute--what is a natural product?--will likely present some factual disputes. The only FDA guidance appears to be a distinction between natural and synthetic in the policy, but that definition in the Federal Register is qualified as meaning something that would not normally be expected to be in food. Surely, that characterization raises multiple linguistic and philosophical questions, not to mention factual questions," U.S. District Judge Phyllis Hamilton wrote for the court.So, the battle between Ben & Jerry''s and the enemies of Dutch chocolate will continue. What have we learned this week? Well, according to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, there really isn''t any definition of "all natural"...at least for the moment._______________________________June 5, 2011The Law of Bees and BudsWhat does it mean to operate a motor vehicle? It seems to be a simple question. Get a bunch of lawyers and judges involved, and it becomes anything but. Although alleged drunk driving cases are where this question is asked most often, this week''s "Case of the Week" asks it in a different setting.What about when that motor vehicle is attacked by a swarm of bees?Unhappy HiveOne May day in 2009, Michael Corpus called animal control for the city of McAllen, Tex. It seems he was having a bit of a problem with a beehive.City of McAllen Animal Control Officer Roberto Mata responded to the call, and upon arrival at the scene, Mr. Corpus asked Officer Mata to accompany him to the hive with the swarming army of displeased bees.Possibly remembering what happened to the fools who tried to go into a hotel room with Mike Tyson''s tiger, Officer Mata said something along the lines of: "I don''t think so; Homey don''t play that," and refused. Officer Mata insisted Mr. Corpus accompany him to the hive.So the two gentlemen entered Officer Mata''s animal control vehicle, equipped with animal protection equipment. Officer Mata donned protective gear and approached the hive of danger, but he instructed Mr. Corpus to remain safely in the animal control vessel as the engine remained running.Things would have been just fine and dandy had Officer Mata not done something that may have been somewhat unwise.Insects Attack!Not unlike a Saturday Morning Super Hero decked out in protective gear as he makes Saturday mornings safe for kiddie sales of sugary cereal and overpriced toys, Officer Mata approached the hive in his protective animal control gear. Then, the swashbuckling hero of animal protection began spraying the bees.Guess what happened next?Shockingly, the bees attacked. But, no worries. Officer Mata was protected by his animal control gear. The problem was what Officer Mata did next.To escape the mighty swarm, Officer Mata ran to the truck, opened the door, and hopped in.The only problem, of course, was that, when he opened the door to the animal control truck, he let in a bunch of very angry bees--who proceeded to have a field day biting the [expletive deleted] out of the unprotected corpus of Mr. Corpus.Mr. Corpus was not amused.What do unamused people do in this column? They sue.The Law of Bees and CarsMr. Corpus sued the city of McAllen, alleging Officer Mata''s negligent operation of his city-owned vehicle cased serious injuries to Mr. Corpus.Operating a motor vehicle? What about spraying the bee hive and opening the truck door so the bees could turn Mr. Corpus into a walking, talking pin cushion.Actually, Mr. Corpus had a smart lawyer.You see, government entities are usually only liable in civil suits if they waive what lawyers call sovereign immunity, the government''s immunity from legal actions. Governments waive sovereign immunity for certain activities. Basically, you can sue the government only if the government says you can sue the government.One of the exceptions to sovereign immunity in Texas is for operation of motor vehicles. If Mr. Corpus'' lawyer could show Officer Mata was operating the animal control truck, then he would have a case under the exception to sovereign immunity.So just what does it take to be operating a motor vehicle?If you asked a bunch of convicted drunk drivers, they would probably tell you Officer Mata was operating the animal control truck. That''s because courts have held that, to be guilty of drunk driving, all one must do is sit in the drivers seat with the key in the ignition.Bud or Bees?For instance, in People v. Wood, Andrew Wood had a very unfortunate night at McDonald''s. When he pulled up to the drive-up window in his van, he passed out--with his car running--and, giving new meaning to the phrase, "This Bud''s for you," he had a can of Budweiser between his legs. At least it wasn''t hot coffee. Oh yeah, he also had a cooler full of marijuana on the front seat.The legal story from the bad night at the Golden Arches wasn''t so bad for Mr. Wood at first. Both a trial court and an intermediate state appellate court threw out the evidence against him, holding he was not operating his van at the time of the arrest and search.However, the Michigan Supreme Court reversed both courts and held Mr. Wood was operating the motor vehicle even though his van wasn''t moving, and he had his foot on the brake. Noting that his van was running and in drive, the state''s high court held he was operating the vehicle because he had put the vehicle in motion, was still in control of it, and the vehicle still posed a danger to the public. In doing so, the court reversed two previous Michigan cases that held one could not be sleeping and operating a motor vehicle at the same time.Actual physical control of the vehicle is the standard used by many jurisdictions, and in Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, and Nevada, that control can be maintained while sleeping.Putting the key in the ignition will get you in some states, including Vermont. In the Vermont Supreme Court case, State v. Helton, one hapless, inebriated fellow was convicted of DUI for merely putting his keys in the ignition to roll up his car windows--after he had gone to retrieve his vodka from the car.Note to self: appoint a designated sober window operator.So what about Officer Mata, was he in control of the vehicle and thus operating it for purposes of Mr. Corpus bee attack case?Departing from the case law of other states, both the trial court and the Texas Thirteenth Court of Appeals said "no.""The animal control truck was not in operation; it was parked. Corpus was injured when the bees entered the cab of the truck where he happened to be sitting. Although we do not condone Mata opening the truck door and exposing a passenger not wearing protective gear to agitated bees, we nonetheless cannot conclude that Corpus''s injuries resulted from the operation or the use of the truck," Judge Nelda Rodriguez wrote for the court.So for this week, we''ve established that you are operating a vehicle in Michigan if you''re asleep at the wheel in the McDonald''s drive-through with weed on the seat and Budweiser between your legs, but that you''re not operating a running vehicle in Texas with a swarm of bees on the seat and between your legs.Either way, its not a Happy Meal._____________________________David Horrigan is an attorney, journalist, analyst at The 451 Group, editorial director at Courtweek.com, and former staff reporter and assistant editor at The National Law Journal. His articles have appeared also in The Washington Examiner, Law Technology News, The American Lawyer, The New York Law Journal, The San Francisco Examiner, Corporate Counsel, Texas Lawyer, Florida Lawyer, and Daily Business Review. E-Mail: dhorrigan@courtweek.comRead more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/06/law-bees-and-buds#ixzz1OXOJfS6kMay 29, 2011The Law of Rambo and Air FreshenersOur column two weeks ago about the Fourth Amendment has generated some discussion about just what will negate yourFourth Amendment protections and allow the cops to haul your posterior end to jail. As a public service to help our readers remain free from bondage, we will, from time to time, present our Case of the Week: Fourth Amendment Follies edition.This weeks helpful hint: Don''t use too much air freshener.Druggies from CharlotteRobert Little was traveling through the pleasant North Carolina hamlet of Thomasville early one August morning in 2008. It might not have been any big deal, but it was 4:03 in the morning, and Mr. Little was driving an old Buick with a malfunctioning headlight.Bonus reader helpful hint! If you''re carrying contraband, don''t drive through a small Southern town at 4:03 in the morning in an old Buick with a busted headlight. Bad things will happen. At least wait until 5:00 when the first batch of doughnuts comes off the conveyor belt at the local Krispy Kreme.Because Mr. Little didn''t get the memo on suspicious vehicles lurking through the Bible Belt during the wee hours of the morning, he got to meet Officer Adam Kallfelz of the Thomasville Police Dept.Officer Kallfelz observed three things that made him decide it was time for back-up.First was Mr. Little''s nervous and agitated demeanor. Second, Mr. Little said he was traveling from Charlotte. Finally, Mr. Little had approximately 10 tree air fresheners hanging from the rear-view mirror.Before we get to those pesky air fresheners, please allow us to defend the good people of Charlotte, North Carolina. You''re a fine city with an economy built on good barbecue and Bank of America overdraft fees, and--unlike Office Kallfetz--we don''t think you''re a bunch of druggies. We don''t think people should be stopped by the cops just because they''re coming from Charlotte.But, back to those tree air fresheners.Rambo RaidA nervous dude driving from Charlotte with 10 air fresheners made Officer Kallfelz realize he needed a crime deterrent.It was time for Rambo.At 4:07 AM, Officer Kallfelz called Officer Christopher Leonard, asking him to bring his partner, Rambo.Not unlike Sylvester Stallone searching swamps for sadistic Viet Kong alumni, Rambo, a drug dog, went over that old Buick like a frat boy going through sofa cushions looking for that lost last joint.Rambo signaled for the presence of narcotics in the Buick''s door, and Mr. Little was arrested for being a felon in possession of a firearm.Mr. Little moved to suppress the evidence, arguing the search was illegal, but a trial court denied the motion, holding that the stop and the search were lawful. Mr. Little appealed.Air Freshener JurisprudenceIn his appeal to the North Carolina Court of Appeals, the Tar Heel State''s intermediate appellate court, Mr. Little argued in State v. Little that the search was improper because the cornucopia of air fresheners did not provide reasonable suspicion for extending the stop until Rambo arrived.Unfortunately for Mr. Little, North Carolina has a proud tradition of air freshener jurisprudence. They even go after Santa Claus if there''s air freshener involved.In State v. Hernandez, the North Carolina Court of Appeals held a stop was proper when it was based, at least in part, on Christmas tree air fresheners.In Hernandez, Trooper Jonathan Whitley of the North Carolina Highway Patrol stopped a vehicle when driver Jose Hernandez removed his seatbelt while still operating his vehicle. Not unlike with Mr. Little''s arrest, air fresheners would help lead to Mr. Hernandez''s undoing."I noticed there were several of these Christmas trees, air fresheners in the vehicle. I noticed a strong odor coming from the vehicle," Trooper Whitley testified in defending his actions.Christmas tree air fresheners as a basis for detaining a motorists? Well, the court upheld the stop, and the court in Little followed the court in Hernandez."Facts giving rise to a reasonable suspicion include nervousness, sweating, failing to make eye contact, conflicting statements, and strong odor of air freshener," Judge Martha Geer wrote for the court in Little.And, if you think North Carolina is the only state fighting the war on air freshener, you would be wrong.In Commonwealth v. Watts, the Massachusetts Appeals Court held reasonable suspicion could be based, in part, on the presence of fabric softener drier sheets.The federal courts have joined this attack on pleasant aromas as well. In United States v. West, the Tenth Circuit proclaimed, "The Tenth Circuit has consistently held that the scent of air freshener is properly considered as a factor in the probable cause analysis, and in the Eleventh Circuit held in United States v. Wright that evidence of a drug conspiracy existed based partially on the fact that two persons entered the Winn-Dixie together to purchase carpet freshener and fabric softener; materials known to be used to mask the odor of cocaine.Many other federal circuits, including the Third, Fifth, Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth, have upheld convictions based, in part, on the presence of fabric softener, and in United States v. Edmonds, the Third Circuit upheld a trial court''s refusal to believe a drug mule was a mere unsuspecting courier. Why? She brought along a box of Bounce fabric softener sheets.So, the lesson from this week''s Case of the Week: with a Mountain Fresh scent filling the air, your dorm hall monitor in college didn''t believe you then, and the cops don''t believe you now. If you have contraband and notice Rambo sniffing your car, ditch the fabric softener...Bounce can get you busted.____________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/05/law-rambo-and-air-fresheners#ixzz1Nvzi9iNpMay 22, 2011The Law of Airport TipsHave you ever been sitting in a hotel room, staring at a room service bill, trying to determine whether the service charge added to your bill is the tip? And let''s not even get started with deciphering the cryptic hieroglyphics known as the cable bill.But what if your employer hoisted a sign informing customers there would be a two-dollar charge for your services? Would that payment be your tip? Would posting that sign get somebody sued? Of course, it would. This is the Case of the Week.Air a la carteOur story begins in Sept. 2005, when American Airlines began charging a $2.00 fee for passengers to check a bag at curbside.Before this policy began, curbside check-in was free, but customers tipped the skycaps--usually a dollar per bag--for curbside service. Until American went and messed up things, most skycaps earned most of their earnings from tips.As the airline industry faced significant financial problems, airlines began charging for many services that had been free. This a la carte fee system affected everything from headphones to handbags.Want to watch the in-flight movie? No problem. That''s free. Want to hear it? Two dollars for headphones, please. Want to eat? Pay up.Pay2Pee, the world''s first aircraft pay toilet, can''t be far away.At the moment, we can add curbside check-in to our non-complimentary airline a la carte menu.American--and its subcontractor actually employing the skycaps--made out like Tijuana bandits. The charge was designed to defray the cost of curbside service in a dark and dreary economy, but it actually became a profitable business venture for all...except the skycaps themselves.Many passengers thought American''s $2.00 fee was the tip. Others felt $2.00 per bag was enough to pay for curbside service. The end result was the same: the skycaps lost a significant amount of their income as tips plummeted.Suing SkycapsTwo skycaps at Boston Logan International Airport sued American and the contractor, seeking class certification and arguing that American''s curbside fee violated the Massachusetts statute governing tips, Mass. Gen. Laws, ch. 49, 152A (2008), constituted tortious interference with an advantageous relationship, unlawful conversion, and unjust enrichment under Massachusetts law, and that the skycaps were entitled to restitution under the legal theory of quantum meruit.The skycaps'' employer was dismissed due to an arbitration agreement, and American removed the case from a Massachusetts commonwealth court to federal court.The skycaps argued Massachusetts law prohibited American from charging the curbside baggage fee because the fee qualified as a service charge under the commonwealth law because it was a fee that a consumer would reasonably expect to be given to the skycap.American countered that the skycaps suit was preempted by the federal Airline Deregulation Act of 1978. When a federal law preempts a state law on an issue, the federal statute has sole jurisdiction, and the state statute is preempted and nullified for purposes of that dispute.The District Court held for American on several grounds, but held for the skycaps on the preemption argument. Thus, the claims under the Massachusetts tips law and for tortious interference were tried to a jury.Big TippersIt turned out the jury was a bunch of big tippers. The jury found for the skycaps in April 2008 and awarded damages in the amount of $2.00 to each skycap for every bag handled between Sept. 2005 and the verdict.Thus, the jury awarded the nine prevailing plaintiff skycaps approximately $333,000 in damages plus interest and attorney fees. One plaintiff skycap from the St. Louis airport did not get to share in the bounty because--as a citizen of Missouri--he was not covered by the Massachusetts tip law.But, our story is not over. Cheap tippers can rejoice. American appealed, and the First U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals handed down a decision bound to make Parisian tourists do a happy dance.The First Circuit reversed the district court and ruled for American in DiFiore v. American Airlines, Inc., holding that the Massachusetts tip statute was, in fact, preempted by the federal Airline Deregulation Act.Although the appellate court conceded there was conflicting case law, it relied on three U.S. Supreme Court cases, Morales v. Trans World Airlines, Inc., American Airlines, Inc. v. Wolens, and Rowe v. New Hampshire Motor Transport Assn, in holding that the federal law preempted the Massachusetts tip statute vis--vis the skycaps tips.The court held the commonwealth''s law was preempted when applied to Ameircan because it was related to a price, route, or service, noting that related to and service were statutorily broad terms.The First Circuit rejected the skycaps'' argument that the tip law''s connection to airline price, route, or service was so tenuous, remote, or peripheral as to not trigger preemption under Morales or Rowe."This, to borrow an apt airplane image, is walking into a rotating propeller: the advertising and service arrangements are just what Congress did not want states regulating, whether at high cost or at low. When the Supreme Court invoked the rubric ("tenuous, remote, or peripheral"), it used as examples limitations on gambling, prostitution, or smoking in public places--state regulation comparatively remote to the transportation function," the court said.So, next time you go to the airport, please remember that--because a federal court has ruled that curbside check-in is not like betting on ponies, retaining the services of a hooker, or smoking a joint at baggage claim--these guys aren''t protected by the Massachusetts tip statute.Even if you pay an airline curbside baggage fee, please, folks, tip your skycap.________________________May 14, 2011The Fourth Amendment and the Law of Bongs and BaggiesThe Fourth Amendment provides some of our greatest protections from government. It keeps colonial constables out of our tea, J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI out of our mothers underwear drawers, and seizure-hungry sheriffs out of our Chevys.Yet, as with anything, the Fourth Amendment is not absolute. The Fourth Amendment prohibits only unreasonable searches. Thus, if police have probable cause for a search, its not unreasonable, and the Fourth Amendment won''t stop it. In fact, the Fourth Amendment has a specific clause allowing searches with probable cause.A recent Massachusetts case gets to be our Case of the Week because it addresses the novel legal question: Does the presence of a bong and Baggies constitute probable cause for a search for marijuana?Speeding and SeizingWhen Shawn Smith decided to do some urban drag racing with friends, he probably should have left his bong at home. For readers who may be unfamiliar with the household appliance known as the bong, it is a water pipe--used by some to smoke marijuana.The speeding Mr. Smith was attempting to outduel a fellow motorist when police clocked him traveling 67 miles per hour in a 40 mile per hour zone.When police stopped the Smithmoblie, they noticed a bong and an open box of plastic sandwich bags in the car. The police testified that, based on their experience, a bong and Baggies usually meant one thing...and it usually happens a lot in Cheech and Chong movies. Yes, police thought they were dealing with that plague on humanity: marijuana.Having spotting the offending bong and Baggies, law enforcement swung into action.Police ordered Mr. Smith from the car, and frisked him. They asked him if there were any marijuana in the car, and he said there was not. However, Mr. Smith admitted he had some herbal enjoyment in his pocket. Police seized it, arrested Mr. Smith, and impounded his speedy car. Shockingly, they found more marijuana.However, in a development that will be significant legally later in our story, police did not detect any marijuana smoke or residue in the bong.Evidence Up in Smoke?Sure, police get to do an inventory when they seize a car. In this week''s case, police were arresting Mr. Smith for his weed, so they got to go through his car and inventory everything. However, when police misbehave, there is a judicial remedy known as suppression of the evidence. For those who never have time to watch Law and Order, that means the evidence is thrown out because the cops got it illegally.In this case, because the police failed to give Mr. Smith his Miranda warnings before giving him the Spanish Inquisition, Mr. Smith moved to suppress evidence of the search.However, Massachusetts prosecutors argued the bong and Baggies sitting in the car in plain sight gave the police all the probable cause they needed to search the carMiranda or not. In essence, the Commonwealth argued, it was the probable cause supplied by the bong and Baggiesnot the Mirandaless utterances of Mr. Smith that gave police the pot.Both a trial court and the Massachusetts Appeals Court, the commonwealths intermediate appellate court, rejected prosecutors'' arguments and threw out the evidence--and thus, the case. Citing Massachusetts case law, the court held that bongs and Baggies--and nothing more--do not give the police probably case for a search.Bong and Baggies LawThe Appeals Court distinguished Mr. Smith''s case from two previous Massachusetts Appeals Court decisions where bongs did lead to probable cause for a search: Commonwealth v. Dolby from 2000, and Commonwealth v. Correia in 2006.It is true the facts in all three cases were somewhat similar: cops stop car, cops see bong, cops arrest driver. However, Smith differed from Dolby and Correia in one, key respect. Unlike in Dolby and Correia, in Smith, there was neither marijuana smoke nor residue present in the bong.The Appeals Court said that distinction was critical. In Dolby and Correia, the evidence was not suppressed, but it was because there was residue in the bong--not because police spotted an innocent bong just hanging out, minding its own business, with no nefarious residue or smoke.Baggies get the same constitutional protections.Citing its decision in Commonwealth v. Garcia, the court held, the observation of two lawful items--the bong and the box of sandwich bags--did not supply probably cause. The court articulated its rationale in Garcia:"The trooper''s experience, coupled with his observation of an apparently empty baggie, is not enough to provide probable cause to conduct a warrantless search of the automobile. Benign objects such as spoons, mirrors, and straws are often used in the narcotic trade. To allow police officers, experienced in narcotics investigations, to conduct a warrantless search whenever they observe one of the above items, and nothing more, would permit random searches, which are condemned by the Fourth Amendment and the Declaration of Rights," the court said.So, Mr. Smith got off: the evidence was suppressed, and the charges were dropped. The moral of this week''s Case of the Week: if you''re going to go drag racing with your bong in the back seat, at least make sure it is clean._________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/05/law-bongs-and-baggies-fourth-amendment-searches-probable-cause-miranda-marijuana#ixzz1MKivXiVWMay 8, 2011The Law of Cow Bones and BungeesWhen you buy a product or service, how much information should the seller disclose to you? This week''s Case of the Week examines that issue in a case involving breast implants, bungee cords, a surgeon''s eyesight, and the jurisprudence of cow bone implants...not necessarily in that order.Manmade ChassisDenise Dalien decided she wanted to augment the chassis God gave her, so she consulted plastic surgeon Stanley Jackson of Puyallup, Wash. Dr. Jackson performed breast augmentation on Ms. Dalien in 2000, using saline implants.After a diet and exercise regimen caused her to lose weight, Ms. Dalien noticed some indentation and rippling on what was once her soft and supple upper left bosom.No problem. Dr. Jackson went in again, removed the saline implants, and replaced them with gel implants.Turns out there was a problem. Ms. Dalien was not happy with her new gel bosoms, so under the surgical theory of more is more, Dr. Jackson performed additional revision procedures on Ms. Dalien during 2005 and 2006.Blinding BungeeJust before all this happened, and--importantly for our story--unbeknownst to Ms. Dalien, Dr. Jackson was having issues with a bungee cord. Dr. Jackson went into mortal combat with the killer cord in July 1999.The bungee cord won.Dr. Jackson received surgery on his eye, and took over a month off from his practice. In July 2006, Dr. Jackson reported additional changes in his vision. He retired in October 2006 after unsuccessful surgery.Citing her allegedly unsuccessful surgeries, Ms. Dalien sued the good doctor twice. In one suit, Ms. Dalien argued negligent medical malpractice in the botched boob job.In her second civil action, Ms. Dalien sued under Washington States Consumer Protection Act (CPA). Ms. Dalien argued, among other things, that Dr. Jackson violated the law by failing to disclose his eye injury.Cow Bone LawDr. Jackson argued that the nondisclosure of his eye condition did not occur in trade or commerce and that any alleged professional malpractice or negligence was exempt from the CPA.Ms. Dalien countered that the nondisclosure of the eye condition was, in fact, done in trade or commerce because Dr. Jackson solicited and retained patients by failing to disclose this condition.In siding with Dr. Jackson, Washington State''s Court of Appeals cited the Evergreen State''s jurisprudence on cow bone disclosure and the case of Michel v. Mosquera-Lacy.In Michel, Mystie Michel sought treatment from Lucy Mosquera-Lacy, a periodontist employed by Bright Now! Dental, Inc., and the doctor said Ms. Michel needed a bone graft.When completing her pre-procedure paperwork, Ms. Michel was given the choice of human bone, cow bone, or synthetic bone for her graft. Stating she could not fathom the thought of having animal parts in her body, Ms. Michel declined the opportunity to get authentic cow bone.Well, unfortunately for Ms. Michel, supplies were running low in the dental office that day.When Dr. Mosquera-Lacy ran out of human bone, she finished the job with cow bone.Although the dentist claimed she merely finished up with cow bone--and that cow constituted no more than 10 percent of the graft--Ms. Michel said she now had a McImplant with the doctor having implanted a cow bone in her mouth.Whatever damages or urges to graze on her front lawn Ms. Michel may have experienced, her case wasn''t actionable under the Consumer Protection Act, the Washington Supreme Court held, because the use of cow bone was not an entrepreneurial activity in trade or commerce."Michael failed to show that Dr. Mosquera-Lacy''s use of cow bone is entrepreneurial. It does not relate to billing or obtaining and retaining patients. It simply relates to Dr. Mosquera-Lacy''s judgment and treatment of a patient. There is no evidence that cow bone was used to increase profits or the number of patients. When the supply of human bone ran out during the procedure, Dr. Mosquera-Lacy used her judgment and skills as a periodontist to finish the procedure. This is not actionable under the CPA," the court said.Bovine Bones and BungeesFollowing the Washington Supreme Court''s holding in Michel, the Washington Court of Appeals held in Dalien v. Jackson that Dr. Jackson''s nondisclosure of his eye condition was also an activity that fell outside the scope of Washington''s Consumer Protection Act. Thus, the court declined to certify her class action, and it affirmed a trial court''s dismissal of her case."As in Michel, Dalien has failed to show that Dr. Jackson''s nondisclosure of his eye injury is entrepreneurial. Dr. Jackson''s nondisclosure does not relate to Dr. Jackson''s billing or obtaining and retaining patients. Dalien has presented no evidence that Dr. Jackson represented that he had better vision than his competitors or somehow relied on his vision to promote his business," Judge Russell Hartman wrote for the court.However, the court didn''t say Ms. Dalien didn''t have a case--just that she didnt have a case under the CPA. Referencing her other suit, the court said, "To the extent that Dr. Jackson''s eye injury may have affected his ability to examine, diagnose, treat, or care for his patients, that question is actionable under the negligence theory, which Dalien is pursuing in her original lawsuit."The lesson of this week''s Case of the Week? If you want to sue under Washington''s Consumer Protection Act, make sure they advertise their excellent vision allows them to see your head before they implant a cow bone in it.____________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/05/law-cow-bones-and-bungees#ixzz1Ll8lzZ00May 1, 2011The Law of Bait Car JournalismDavid Broder, Edward R. Murrow, William F. Buckley Jr., Walter Cronkite, and now Bait Car?As the old Sesame Street song said, it would appear that one of these things just doesn''t belong here. Well, that''s not what the producers of the television show, Bait Car, say. They argue their show is real journalism, and--in an attempt to avoid producing evidence in a California court proceeding--they say their photographers are journalists. In recognition of this creative legal argument, their case gets to be our Case of the Week.What is a Journalist?The proliferation of new media sources has created a novel question: Just what is a journalist? Must one possess government-issued press credentials, sending shivers down the spines of First Amendment advocates? How about a requirement that you earn your living from journalism? Perhaps there should be a requirement that at least your Aunt Betsy actually read what you write?This question has taken on real legal significance as the U.S. Congress and many states have tried to implement so-called reporters'' shield laws. These laws attempt to protect reporters and their confidential sources by shielding confidential information from disclosure to courts and third parties.Although there has been substantial progress, a federal shield law has not yet passed. However, 40 states and the District of Columbia have shield laws, with many states enacting them after what some argued were Bush administration abuses, prosecutorial attacks on the press, and the prosecution of New York Times reporter Judith Miller.Some Republican lawmakers cited national security concerns with reporters'' shield legislation, and others had a more fundamental issue: How do you go about deciding which writers get to be journalists in a New Media world vs. Old Media world?Many hipsters sipping lattes at Starbucks like to bash so-called Old Media. As they iPad away their afternoons, bowing before the altar of New Media, they mock institutions such as The Wall Street Journal as the old media of their grandparents, and--bless their little black turtlenecks and Birkenstocks--they weren''t fooled by Rupert Murdoch''s purchase of Myspace. Silly, Rupert, New Media is for hip kids.But, the beautiful world of blogging Brown alumni opining on global warming and Maya Angelous contributions to literature while their conservative brethren blog on banks and hedge funds may be in for a shock to its modern sensibilities. There may be unwanted guests at this post-modern, online clambake, and it may be a sign of things to come.Bait Car as New MediaThe folks at truTV, that network of cop shows that used to be Court TV, have come up with a new show called, Bait Car. In Bait Car, the producers work with local police to place an unlocked car with keys in the ignition out on the street. Its the bait for would-be car thieves. Get it, bait, car?Many unsuspecting citizens, including Joseph Bullard, took the bait.Or did he?In the case of People v. Bullard in the Superior Court of California, San Francisco County, Mr. Bullard argued that he was merely being a good citizen, moving the Bait Car out of its illegal parking spot.He also argued selective prosecution. Mr. Bullard, a gentleman who enjoys cross-dressing, argued it was no coincidence that the unholy trinity of producers, police, and prosecutors arranged for the Bait Car to be placed outside Divas, a well-known, somewhat risque San Francisco transgendered club. Police countered that they just picked an area known for car theft.To prove Mr. Bullard''s Good Samaritan claim, his legal counsel wanted to see the tapes of the filming from KKI Productions, the producers of the San Francisco episodes of Bait Car. Not unlike Judge John Sirica sending an order to the Nixon White House, Judge Gerardo Sandoval ordered KKI to turn over the tapes.Not so fast, said KKI. Arguing that Bait Car was journalism and that the intrepid Bait Car photographers were, in fact, journalists and so under California''s reporters shield law, KKI refused.Judge Sandoval wasn''t buying it. He rejected KKI''s reporters shield argument, and demanded the tapes.Funny thing. You may have laughed at Mr. Bullard''s "I was only helping by moving the car" argument, but prosecutors dropped the charges against Mr. Bullard.Future of Journalism?Bait Car''s producers were working with prosecutors, turning over their tapes to the district attorney''s office, and that cooperation with cops was fatal to their legal argument, according to Judge Sandoval and legal journalism experts."You can''t have it both ways. You can''t cooperate with one side and not the other," said Lucy Dalglish, Executive Director of the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press."You can make a very strong argument that the cooperation with one side is a waiver of the privilege," Ms. Dalglish added.People v. Bullard does not decide the law on the contentious issue of who gets to be a reporter in the eyes of the law--although it does put Californians on notice that, if youre in cahoots with the cops, you probably don''t get to be one, at least for reporters shield purposes.The case also illustrates that the cozy little blogging world at Starbucks and beyond is also in the midst of a culture shift. The latter day hipsters may have make room on the Starbucks sofa for Bait Car journalists, Dog the Bounty Hunter, Big Brian the Fortune Seller, and the zany, fun-loving staffs of Ma''s Roadhouse, Lizard Lick Towing, and Hardcore Pawn.Yes, the Fourth Estate is becoming a very big tent in every respect imaginable...and in some not so imaginable.________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/04/law-bait-car-journalism#ixzz1LCFs9nEyApril 24, 2011The Law of Gwen Stefani AvatarsAt the time of this week''s legal tale, Gwen Stefani was a big, giant rock star, and Activision Publishing''s Band Hero videogame series was extremely popular. Combine the two - the theory went - and you would have what one of those MBA-types might call, synergy.Activision and Ms. Stefani thought so...until they ended up in court.This week''s Case of the Week illustrates the legal principle of the right of publicity. It also puts us on notice with the following legal poetry: Make Gwen Stefani a dude, and you''re gonna get sued.California Dreamin''In the 1990s, Gwen Stefani and Activision were both living the Southern California dream. Ms. Stefani and her Orange County band, No Doubt, achieved critical and commercial success, including Grammy nominations and huge recording contracts, while hitting the top of the charts with their 1995 single, Don''t Speak.Meanwhile, the friendly folks at Activision were building a videogame empire in Santa Monica with hit games such as MechWarrior 2: 31st Century Combat and Civilization: Call to Power. They also made some money off a game series based on the adventures of skateboarder Tony Hawk.Entering the 21st Century, one of Activision''s biggest games was its Guitar Hero series, which basically allows players to engage in computer-assisted air guitar. Band Hero was a similar, spin-off production.One of Band Hero''s features allowed players to create avatars based on real life rockers.Thinking it would be just nifty to have No Doubt avatars in the game - or at least thinking that it would be just nifty to have some of Activision''s cash -- No Doubt executed its Professional Services and Character Licensing Agreement with Activision, allowing the gamemaker to create avatars -- or computerized characters -- based on the band, and use them in Band Hero.Gwen is not a dudeMuch to their horror, the members of No Doubt learned about a special feature of Band Hero shortly before the product''s launch -- it was a special feature No Doubt may have worried pubescent punksters might manipulate.In their Agreement, Activision and No Doubt agreed Activision would license only a limited number of No Doubt songs for use in the game. However, that provision failed to consider another potential use of Band Hero.When players reached a certain level of the game, Band Hero allowed them to unlock their avatars, changing their song selection and personal characteristics.For instance, Activision licensed only a few No Doubt songs, but if Little Johnny were proficient enough in Band Hero to get his avatar -- say, perhaps, a lasciviously alluring Ms. Stefani -- to reach Level Nine of Band Hero, he could unlock her and free her from the bondage of her current condition, in every way, including gender.No Doubt was most displeased to discover that, once your Gwen Stafani avatar were unlocked, not only could Avatar Gwen be singing Janet Jackson, she could also be singing Tito Jackson.You see, once unlocked, an avatar''s voice could be changed from male to female.Not surprisingly, Ms. Stefani and her bandmates were not excited about the prospect of having their voices replaced with the manly sounds of Boy George.Ska vs. SuitsCould Activision really use the twisted avatars without No Doubt''s permission?No Doubt didn''t think so, and the band sued Activision in California state court. In No Doubt v. Activision Publg, Inc., the band sued for injunctive relief and damages, arguing Activision had engaged in the unauthorized exploitation of No Doubt''s name and likeness.The band sued on several grounds, including Activision''s alleged violation of No Doubt''s right of publicity.The right of publicity gives an individual control over the commercial use of her name or likeness. About half the states have a statutory right of publicity and others protect the right of publicity as part of their right of privacy laws.There has been a movement to extend the right of publicity beyond death. Not surprisingly, this movement is led by the heirs of some very famous dead people, including the heirs of Marilyn Monroe.California is one of those states with a codified right to publicity, contained in section 3344 of the California Civil Code.However, Activision countered that No Doubt''s right of publicity claim was barred as a matter of law because Activision''s actions on the avatars constituted constitutionally protected activity under the First Amendment.A Los Angeles Superior Court judge denied Activision''s motion to strike No Doubt''s complaint, and Activision appealed to California''s Second District Court of Appeal.Citing Comedy III Prods., Inc. v. Gary Saderup, Inc., the appellate court applied the transformative use test, a method to determine whether a use of a likeness was transformed from something more than a mere impersonation.The appellate court sided with No Doubt and the trial court. The court ruled that a transgendered avatar did not qualify as a transformative use. Thus, the appellate court held, the First Amendment did not excuse Activision''s alleged violation of its right to publicity."Nothing in the creative elements of the Band Hero elevates the depictions of No Doubt to something more than conventional, more or less fungible, images of its members that No Doubt should have the right to control and exploit. Thus, the trial court did not err in denying Activision''s motion to strike the right of publicity claim based on Activision''s assertion of a First Amendment defense," Judge Thomas Willhite Jr., wrote for the court,The court compared and contrasted Ms. Stefani''s avatar with the image in another case involving a Sega videogame and the former lead singer of Dee-Light, Kirby v. Sega of Am., in holding Avatar Stefani was not a transformative use. The First Amendment may be powerful, but -- at least in this Case of the Week -- it provides no constitutional protection for a Gwen Stefani avatar in a Boy George voice singing, Do You Really Want to Hurt Me?_________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/04/law-gwen-stefani-avatars-band-hero-No-Doubt-v-Activision-Publ-Inc#ixzz1KUS9gVwHApril 17, 2011The Law of Urinal TrademarksTrademarks and the legal disputes involving them may be the most entertaining area of intellectual property law, and a recent Pennsylvania federal court case illustrates just how entertaining trademark fights can be. You might think this fight over the name, "Pint," was a beer dispute. You would be wrong.This week''s Case of the Week examines what happens when two urinal manufactures get into a legal dispute over the names of their products.Pint of Yellow LiquidThe urinal and its bathroom cousin, the toilet, use a lot of water. As people have become more concerned about the environment, manufactures have joined the party, developing so-called green products, and urinal makers are no exception. After all, no self-respecting urinal manufacturer wants to be known as a truck stop eco-terrorist.Among the leaders in the urinal market are Zurn Industries and Sloan Valve Co. Both Zurn and Sloan wanted to help save the planet by making eco-friendly urinals.Zurn developed a urinal Mother Nature would love and named it, The Pint. The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office awarded Zurn the United States Trademark Registration No. 3,389,517 for The Pint, part of Zurn''s EcoVantage line of environmentally friendly "fractional flush" urinals. They''re called fractional flush because they use a fraction of the water regular urinals use when you flush them.Not to be outdone, the nature-loving folks at Sloan came out with their own environmentally sound urinal, the Sloan 1 Pint Urinal System.Not unlike a fraternity pledge spotting someone swiping his pint of Guinness from the bar, lawyers for Zurn swung into action.Urinating ContestAfter noticing a Sloan press release for the Sloan 1 Pint Urinal System on the website, greenlodgingnews.com, Zurn''s lawyers sent Sloan a cease and desist letter, arguing Sloan''s name infringed on Zurn''s registered trademark for The Pint. Zurn demanded that Sloan stop marketing its allegedly infringing urinal with "pint" in its name.In an apparent attempt to maintain peace and harmony in the urinal world, Sloan changed the name of its urinal from the "Sloan 1 Pint Urinal System" to the "Sloan Pint Urinal System."It was a nice try, but Zurn was unsatisfied. Simply deleting the numeral, "1," from the name wasnt enough. Not unlike Carrie Nation on a bar raid, Zurn wanted the Pint the h*ll out of there.Sloan refused, and Zurn''s trademark lawyers did what it takes to become the Case of the Week. They sued.In its case, Zurco, Inc. v. Sloan Valve Co., filed in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, Zurn argued Sloan''s use of its name violated the federal Trademark Act of 1946, known commonly as the Lanham Act. Specifically, Zurn argued that Sloan''s name caused a likelihood of confusion among potential customers.Sloan countered that -- despite Zurn''s federal trademark registration --The Pint was not a legally protectable trademark for a urinal because the mark was generic, a trademark legal term meaning the name is a common, general term with no secondary meaning.Sloan argued that pint was merely an identification of a type of urinal -- one that uses one pint of water when flushed. Thus, Sloan argued, urinal purchasers would associate the term, pint, with the flush volume of the urinal, not the maker of the urinal, Zurn.In attempting to decide the dispute between the fighting flushers, the federal court applied the so-called primary significance test, used in many cases, including A.J. Canfield Co. v. Honickman. Under the primary significance test, the court determines whether the primary significance of a term in the minds of the consuming public is the product or the producer.The court illustrated the difference by citing E.T. Browne Drug Co. v. Cococare Products, Inc., where the court made the distinction that cola was generic because it described a product, but Pepsi-Cola is not generic because it describes the producer.Zurn disputed the generic label by noting that, in the toilet and urinal industry, flush volumes are described -- not in pints -- but with the terms, gallons per flush (GPF) and liters per flush (LPF). In fact, Zurn claimed the use of gallon and liter by those other wasteful water-hogs in the toilet and urinal industry was precisely why it chose the unique term, pint.However, Sloan countered that pint had become an industry standard, noting that American Standard has used pint and 1 point since 2008, Mansfield Plumbing Products has used 1-pint for its Brevity line of urinals, and Caroma USA had used one pint for its Cube Ultra line of urinals for two years.Unfortunately for Sloan, the court noted that none of those urinal craftsmen had used the term before Zurn introduced the Pint in 2007. In addition, Zurn argued it had been diligent in sending cease and desist letters to the allegedly infringing urinal producers, a requirement for protection under trademark law.To Be ContinuedIn denying motions for summary judgment on most issues, the court held that there were genuine issues of material fact as to whether The Pint was generic. As a result, the case will move forward, and more evidence about urinals and what people call them can enter the hallowed halls of American jurisprudence.________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/04/law-urinal-trademarks#ixzz1K9cmh600April 10, 2011The Law of Chicken HeadsEmotional injuries and related damages may be one of the most contentious areas of the law, especially when -- as in thisweek''s Case of the Week -- that emotional injury is based on an employer''s forcing a worker to wear a chicken head mask in order to get medical benefits. Yes, this week, we go to Massachusetts to bring you the law of chicken head damages.Poultry ProblemsKaren Cappello worked full-time for Cricket Productions, where she processed orders. Because she was a full-time employee, she asked her boss, Victor Grillo Jr., for medical coverage.Mr. Grillo was very happy to give Ms. Cappello the medical coverage she desired, but it seems there was a catch.Mr. Grillo said Ms. Cappello could have the medical insurance only if she wore a chicken head mask."No head, no payment," Mr. Grillo wrote in an e-mail.We''re not making this up. We couldn''t come up with stuff this good.Even with major medical and hospitalization coverage for her young daughter on the line, Ms. Cappello declined to don the chicken head, which was part of a complete chicken costume kept in the office. You see, according to court papers, the employees at Cricket Productions considered themselves a fun-loving group that often socialized after hours.Apparently, none of the production place''s playful pranksters thought there was anything odd about making a session in the chicken head a prerequisite to health coverage.Ms. Cappello did.Saying she became too depressed to work as a result of the alleged harassment, Ms. Cappello sought medical attention and claimed she was unable to work.Of course, this is the Case of the Week, so you know what happens next.Colonel Sanders or Jack Daniels?Ms. Cappello decided to file a claim for her alleged injuries, and an administrative legal action ensued. Cricket carried no workers compensation coverage, but an administrative law judge held that, because Cricket was doing the business of DTR Advertising, Inc., DTR''s insurer, The Hartford Insurance Co., was liable for Ms. Cappello''s claim.Based on the opinion of her psychiatrist, Mark Cutler, Ms. Cappello argued Mr. Grillo''s alleged chicken head harassment was the predominant contributing cause of her adjustment disorder and major depressive disorder. The administrative law judge agreed and held for Ms. Cappello, but The Hartford appealed, arguing the chicken head incident was not the predominant contributing cause of Ms. Cappello''s alleged injuries.Hartford argued there could be other potential causes for the alleged injuries, and -- on appeal to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Department of Industrial Accidents in the case of Cappello v. DTR Advertising, Inc. -- the judges noted that Ms. Cappello had received previous psychiatric treatment for issues related to a divorce and an alcohol-dependent husband.Ms. Cappello rejected the notion that marital warfare or her husband''s close, personal relationship with Jack Daniels and Johnnie Walker caused her injuries.It was all about that chicken head.Foul fowl?Because of her preoccupation with the perceived harassment at work and her disbelief that she was being asked to do what her employer asked her to do, which she perceived as very humiliating, she has been unable to return to any work for which she is reasonably trained by virtue of her education and job experience, Ms. Cappello''s psychiatrist told the administrative law judges.In a legal ruling sure to shock the San Diego Chicken, Mardi Gras revelers, and others who actually enjoy wearing chicken head masks, the judges sided with Ms. Cappello.Rejecting the insurer''s argument that there were other causes for Ms. Cappellos psychiatric issues, the judges ruled Ms. Cappello had shown those problems were not the cause of her present injuries. Although the judges conceded she had past psychiatric problems, they noted she had not experienced her present symptoms until the chicken head incident.The judges held that Dr. Cutler''s medical opinion satisfied the Massachusetts standard for predominant contributing cause of injuries established in the Massachusetts Appeals Court decision, May''s Case, and the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court decision, Robinson''s Case.In addition, citing Bouras v. Salem Five Cents Savings Bank, the judges held that, because Dr. Cutler''s opinion satisfied the predominant contributing cause standard, the chicken head incident was the only legal cause of her injuries."Because the doctor''s opinion effectively ruled out the previous stressors in the employee''s life as causes of her emotional disability, his opinion can be understood to implicate the events at Cricket Productions as the only cause," the judges wrote.The Massachusetts case of the chicken head was remanded to the lower judge on additional claims Ms. Cappello made, but she was victorious on this day...so was her lawyer.For their efforts on behalf of their client and for furthering the jurisprudence of chicken heads in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, the judges awarded Ms. Cappello''s lawyer $1,488.30 in legal fees.__________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/04/law-chicken-heads#ixzz1J7TcDYNfApril 1, 2011The Law of April Fools'' JokesFor our April Fools'' Day edition of the Case of the Week, we visit the California Court of Appeal, which supplies us with a case touching on constitutional law, contracts, defamation, and, of course, the law of April Fools'' jokes. Not surprisingly, our case involves Sasha Baron Cohen, known popularly as Borat and Ali G.A 2004 episode of Mr. Cohen''s British television show got his network into a bit of trouble, and it had to pay the alleged target of his jokes $90,000. When the infuriated supposed subject came back for more, it ended up in American court, raising the question: could a reasonable viewer take the show seriously, resulting in a judgment for defamation?The Art of AmendingOn a 1987 youth trip to Israel, Sasha Baron Cohen began a friendship with a woman known only as "Jane Doe" in court proceedings. The friends lost touch over the years, but Ms. Doe followed Mr. Cohen''s increasingly successful career as a comedian, and, apparently, Mr. Cohen never forgot Ms. Doe''s real name.On the Aug. 15, 2004, episode of Mr. Cohen''s television show, Da Ali G Show, Mr. Cohen interviewed the American author, Gore Vidal. Among the topics of conversation were the United States Constitution and the practice of amending it.Mr. Cohen asked Mr. Vidal if it were not sometimes better to get rid of something rather than amending it. As an example, Mr. Cohen referred to Ms. Doe. Using her real name and referring to her with a term also used to describe a female dog, he said Ms. Doe was always trying to amend herself by such means as highlighting her hair, adorning herself with tattoos, and shaving her private regions.Mr. Cohen said Ms. Doe''s amending was for naught because he dumped her after he impregnated her. (Ms. Doe denied her relationship with Mr. Cohen was ever romantic or sexual in nature.)Given what Mr. Cohen claimed were Ms. Doe''s unsuccessful attempts at amending herself, he reasoned that amending anything -- including the Constitution of the United States -- was ill-advised.With no apologies to Vidal Sassoon, the people of the Eastern Hemisphere, or George Washington, in his role as Ali G, Mr. Cohen went on to suggest that Mr. Vidal was an internationally famous hairstylist, that euthanasia was a means of exterminating the elderly in Asia, and that Denzel Washington resided at Mount Vernon.Ms. Doe was not amused.Costly ComedyDa Ali G Show was produced by Britain''s Channel Four Television Corp. and distributed in the United States by HBO. After complaints from Ms. Doe, HBO settled with her in 2004 for $40,000. As part of the settlement, HBO agreed to edit the episode so Ms. Doe''s name would be removed in any future broadcasts.Well, Ms. Doe''s fame -- or infamy, depending on ones perspective -- continued. When HBO presented the episode on Comcast, it left Ms. Doe''s name in the airing of the show, resulting in another settlement with Ms. Doe in 2006 with the same terms as the 2004 settlement, except this time Ms. Doe received an additional $50,000 payday.Nevertheless, viewers of Da Ali G Show had not heard the last of Ms. Doe.When a friend of Ms. Doe''s saw the unedited version -- that would be the one with Ms. Doe''s name -- on YouTube after the second settlement, he contacted her, and they discovered a viewer in Estonia had uploaded the clip from Finnish television, which had received the unedited version from Channel Four.No more settlements. Ms. Doe decided to take her battle to court.The Law of April Fools''Ms. Doe sued HBO and Mr. Cohen in California state court, and later added Channel Four as a defendant. She sued on multiple grounds, including libel, slander, breach of contract, invasion of privacy, and negligent infliction of emotional distress.Channel Four moved for summary judgment -- a legal ruling where one side wins the case before it even gets to trial -- arguing, among other things, that no reasonable person could have understood Mr. Cohen''s statements as factual.The trial court sided with Channel Four."No reasonable person could consider the statements made by Ali G on the program to be factual. To the contrary, it is obvious that the Ali G character is absurd and all his statements are gibberish and intended as comedy. The actor, Sacha Baron Cohen, never strays from the Ali G character, who is dressed in a ridiculous outfit and speaks in an exaggerated manner of a rap artist. Ali G''s statements are similarly absurd," the trial court said.Ms. Doe appealed, but she fared no better with the Californi''s Second District Court of Appeal in Doe v. Channel Four Television Corp. Citing cases involving comedian Robin Williams and an April Fools'' joke, the appellate court agreed that no reasonable person could have taken Mr. Cohen seriously. Thus, the court held, there was no defamation.In the case involving Robin Williams, Polygram Records, Inc. v. Superior Court, California''s Third District Court of Appeal held there was no defamation when Mr. Williams did a skit where a wine distributor complained that there was white wine and red wine, but no black wine.The court noted Mr. Williams said the so-called black wine was tough enough to be advertised by Mean Joe Green, was black in color, tasted like urine, and went with anything it damn well pleased. The court added that no reasonable person could have taken Mr. Williams seriously and that to hold the skit defamatory would run afoul of the First Amendment.Likewise, in San Francisco Bay Guardian, Inc. v. Superior Court, California''s First District Court of Appeal held there was no defamation when, in its April Fools'' Day edition, the San Francisco Bay Guardian newspaper ran a fictitious letter from a landlord stating that he found his tenants who had undergone electroshock therapy where much more cooperative because no reasonable person would take the fake letter seriously.Today''s legal lesson is thateven if it involves an electroshocked tenant with shaved privates drinking black wineits tough to win a defamation action against a comedian.________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/03/law-april-fools-jokes#ixzz1ISyc57fbMarch 27, 2011The Law of Cantaloupes and Inflatable SharksHave you ever been really impressed by marketing displays constructed at your local store, where industrious employees create displays of commerce only slightly less impressive than the Taj Mahal?Well, Joyce Henderson may have felt that way before she broke her hip falling before a marketing temple of stacked cantaloupes at her local supermarket.Adding insult to injury, Ms. Henderson lost again in this week''s Case of the Week as the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma grappled with the weighty issue of whether cantaloupes are the legal equivalent of inflatable sharks for premises liability purposes.Cantaloupes of DoomThe story of Henderson v. Harps Food Stores, Inc., began on a fine June day in 2009 when Ms. Henderson visited the Harps Food Store in Fort Gibson, Okla. Harps employees had created a display of cantaloupes, which was actually a giant octagon of wholesome, fruity goodness.Harps displayed the cantaloupes in large cardboard containers resting on a wooden pallet. The cardboard containers were roughly square in shape with the corners slightly recessed, forming the muskmelon octagon.Ms. Henderson admitted spotting the pallet beneath the pile, and even considered the pesky pallets potential as a pitfall. Nevertheless, she plowed ahead.While examining one of the succulently sweet cantaloupes, Ms. Henderson''s foot caught on the pallet, and she hurt her hip hitting Harps'' hard floor.The stage was now set for Ms. Henderson and Harps to debate the jurisprudence of cantaloupes vis-a-vis inflatable sharks.Ms. Henderson sued Harps in Oklahoma state court in a tort action, alleging Harps was negligent in its dangerous display of the killer cantaloupes and in its negligent failure to warn customers of its alleged fruity booby trap.Harps removed the case to federal court and filed a motion for summary judgment, arguing it was not liable because the exposed cantaloupe pallet was an open and obvious condition.Generally, under Oklahoma premises liability law, which applied even though the case was in federal court, businesses are not liable for damages sustained from these so-called open and obvious conditions. However, there is a possible exception in the law for conditions or defects visible but unseen by a plaintiff.Ms. Henderson and Harps battled over the case law. For instance, both parties cited the Oklahoma Supreme Court case of Phelps v. Hotel Mgmt., Inc., where an unsuspecting patron hit her head on a decorative glass bowl that protruded into the seating area of a hotel lobby.Sure, the thing was open and obvious in the literal sense, but the court in Phelps held a reasonably prudent person might not have noticed the risk of injury from the protrusion of funky art into the seating area and -- for the condition to be open and obvious as a matter of law -- the potential for injury must also be noticeable.The court in Henderson rejected Ms. Henderson''s reliance on Phelps and another court decision, Zagal v. Truckstops Corp. of Am., a case where things went horribly awry in the aisle of a truck stop. The court held those cases did not apply to Ms. Henderson''s case of the killer cantaloupes because -- not only did Ms. Henderson see the open and obvious collection of cantaloupes -- she knew it posed possible danger.However, all hope was not lost for Ms. Henderson. It was time for her lawyers to launch a legal shark attack.But could an inflatable shark really save Ms. Henderson''s case?Shark TaleMs. Henderson''s attorneys cited the Oklahoma Court of Civil Appeals case of Hansen v. Academy, Ltd., where Kimberly Hansen, an unsuspecting customer, was apparently in awe of a large inflatable shark that was part of a boat display on the sidewalk in front of an Academy sporting goods store.So mesmerized by the inflatable shark was Ms. Hansen that she proceeded to walk straight into the tongue of the boat, causing her to trip and break both her arms. Ms. Hansen sued Academy, but a trial court ruled for the sporting goods store, holding that the boat tongue was an open and obvious condition.But, remember...Jaws had a sequel.Ms. Hansen appealed, and the intermediate appellate court ruled for her. Noting an Academy employee testified the purpose of the inflatable shark was to get people''s attention, the appellate court reversed the trial court''s grant of summary judgment to Academy, holding that, although the boat tongue was visible, the plastic, air-filled fish of terror changed the legal outcome."The evidence certainly raised a question of fact as to whether Academy intended for its customers to devote their attention to the merchandise on display rather than to the sidewalk," the appellate court held in Hansen. Unfortunately for Ms. Henderson, U.S. District Judge James Payne wasn''t buying the shark argument in her case.Noting that arrows on the cantaloupe boxes actually pointed to exposed pallet on cantaloupe display, Judge Payne held the inflatable shark case didn''t apply."Because the cantaloupe display actually drew attention to the alleged hazardous condition, the Hansen case is distinguishable and does not provide an exception to the open and obvious rule," the judge wrote.The lesson of our Case of the Week? Apparently, at least in Oklahoma, a cornucopia of cantaloupes provides no exception to the open and obvious rule...but, an inflatable shark does._______________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/03/law-cantaloupes-and-inflatable-sharks#ixzz1HonZsGj9March 13, 2011The Sixth Amendment and another Texas Chicken Ranchby David HorriganIn the film adaptation of the Broadway musical, The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas, Burt Reynolds, playing a Texas sheriff, falls in love with Dolly Parton, portraying the good-natured, warm-hearted proprietor of a local brothel. That theatrical house of ill-repute was based on a real life bordello known as the La Grange Chicken Ranch.Although many local residents supported the Chicken Ranch -- and the entertainment and tax dollars it brought to Greater La Grange -- its closing involved law enforcement at the highest levels of Texas government.For those whove always wanted yet another sequel, we have one for you. It doesn''t have Ms. Parton, Mr. Reynolds...or even Dom DeLuise. What is does have is an intriguing question of constitutional law, which is why it gets to be our Case of the Week.Texas cathouse jurisprudence now considers: Does memory loss render a witness absent for purposes of the Confrontation Clause of the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution?Before we get to any of that legal stuff in the case of Woodall v. Texas, let''s take a look at the story of the latest little whorehouse in Texas.Naughty HaremPhyllis Anne Woodall may or may not have a lot in common with Dolly Parton''s Best Little Whorehouse in Texas character, Miss Mona Stangley, but Texas prosecutors alleged they were in the same profession.Ms. Woodall was the co-owner and operator of the Naked Harem, an El Paso, Tex., establishment some would refer to euphemistically as a "gentlemen''s club." Ms. Woodall and her business partner, Jeannie Coutta, ran a strip joint empire, El Paso Cosmopolitan, which not only operated the Naked Harem, but also its sibling club, the El Paso Cosmopolitan Topless Show Bar.Sadly for the ladies and their clients, those Texas prosecutors thought they were having a little too much fun.After repeated incidents of alleged prostitution at the Naked Harem, authorities arrested the ladies, charging Ms. Woodall with aggravated promotion of prostitution and engaging in organized criminal activity.At trial, prosecutors called dancers who testified prostitution was plentiful at the club, while Naked Harem loyalists testifying for Ms. Woodall cited Naked Harem policy forbidding dancers from having sex with its gentile clientele. Ms. Woodall then called a dancer, Lucia Pinedo, to testify.It was a bad move.Forget Me NotMs. Pinedo testified she sustained memory loss after an automobile accident and that she could not remember her prior testimony before a grand jury -- nor could she remember even being part of the Naked Harem. However, when Ms. Pinedo didn''t show up for a subsequent day of the trial, prosecutors -- over Ms. Woodall''s objections -- read her grand jury testimony for the jury.Before the grand jury, Ms. Pinedo had testified she had sex with patrons many times in the club''s private rooms, and -- in an unfortunate turn of events for Ms. Woodall -- Ms. Pinedo testified that, although she lied about her age to Naked Harem staffers, she was only 15-years-old when she began dancing at the club. To make matters worse, Ms. Pinedo contradicted the testimony of one of Ms. Woodall''s managers who said Ms. Pinedo showed a birth certificate as part of her identification upon being hired.Instead, in a moment worthy of X-rated versions of High School Musical or Glee, Ms. Pinedo testified her identification to get her job as an exotic entertainer was not her birth certificate, but was, in fact, her high school ID card.As they did with the La Grange Chicken Ranch, the good people of Texas may turn the other cheek when it was just a bunch of adults having consenting, albeit illegal, fun...prostitution by 15-year-olds is a very different story.After prosecutors made numerous references to Ms. Pinedo''s impressionable youth during closing arguments, the jury sentenced Ms. Woodall to 16 years in prison.Ms. Woodall appealed, arguing, among other things, that introducing Ms. Pinedo''s grand jury testimony was a violation of Ms. Woodall''s rights under the Confrontation Clause of the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution because Ms. Pindeo''s memory loss prevented Ms. Woodall from being able to cross-examine her.Constitutional ConfrontationA Texas intermediate appellate court reversed the trial court and sided with Ms. Woodall, holding that allowing prosecutors to read Ms. Pinedo''s grand jury testimony to jurors despite her memory loss violated Ms. Woodall''s Sixth Amendment Rights because the State used out-of-court testimonial statements [the grand jury testimony] about which the declarant [Ms. Pinedo] could not be cross-examined due to memory loss.The state argued also that, because Ms. Woodall refused the trial judge''s offer to issue a so-called writ of attachment forcing Ms. Pinedo to return to continue her testimony, Ms. Woodall was precluded from arguing Ms. Pinedo was absent for Confrontation Clause purposes.However, Ms. Woodall argued that Ms. Pinedo''s memory loss made recalling her futile, and the intermediate appellate court agreed."She did not remember giving the grand jury statement, nor could she remember working at the Naked Harem. A writ of attachment would not have changed Pinedo from an absent witness into a witness available for trial and examination. Her undisputed testimony about the car accident and resulting memory loss established that she was unavailable as a witness regarding the relevant subject matter," the intermediate appellate court held.Yet, in another legal twist, on Mar. 2, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, the states highest court for criminal matters, reversed the intermediate appellate court on both issues.First, citing three U.S. Supreme Court decisions, California v. Green, Delaware v. Fensterer, and United States v. Owens, the Texas high court rejected the argument that a Confrontation Clause violation could be based on witness memory loss.Second, Ms. Pinedo''s memory loss notwithstanding, the court held Ms. Woodall''s failure to take the trial judge up on the offer to haul Ms. Pinedo back into court was fatal to her Confrontation Clause argument. The court said Ms. Woodard induced the alleged error of which she now complains, and she may not argue on appeal that her confrontation rights were violated.In the movie, Burt and Dolly went off happily into the sunset. It doesn''t look as though thats happening here._________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner: http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/03/sixth-amendment-and-another-texas-chicken-ranch#ixzz1HaDgOkKeMarch 6, 2011Labor, Lassie, and the LawIts been a tough week for the First Amendment and labor unions, but perhaps not for puppies.In this space, we attempt to look at the lighter side of the law, but there''s just nothing funny about a Marine making the ultimate sacrifice for his country or alleged followers of Jesus thinking the Messiah wants them desecrating other people''s religious services. However, Americas courts never let us down when we need comic relief, and free speech cases are no exceptionThis week, California''s Second District Court of Appeal ruled on a particularly perplexing constitutional quandary. It''s a question not yet addressed in the current labor unrest in Wisconsin:Does labor union speech enjoy greater constitutional protection than speech about puppies?Well give you the court''s answer in Best Friends Animal Socy v. Macherich Westside Pavilion Prop., LLC, in a moment, but let''s start off by saying that -- not unlike fallen heroes and violated funerals -- theres nothing funny about animal abuse or unfair labor practices. Nevertheless, what we''ve got here is an appellate court of law weighing the constitutional rights of terriers versus Teamsters.Puppies and PicketersThe Best Friends Animal Society does good work. Not only does the Utah-based organization have adoption programs for dogs and cats, it has programs for parrots and pigs as well. In addition, it operates an animal sanctuary, and its Pup My Ride program transports dogs from overpopulated areas to places where they are more likely to find homes.Best Friends also operates the Puppies Aren''t Products campaign with the stated goals of fighting against so-called puppy mills and irresponsible breeding.One of the weapons in Puppies Arent Products arsenal is the staging of protests at shopping malls where the evil puppy mills alleged middle men -- the pet shops -- attempt to sell their canine cargo.Although Puppies Arent Products bills its mission as a fight against the puppy mills, unlike more militant animal rights groups, Puppies Arent Products stresses the peaceful nature of its protests...a Gandhi for golden retrievers, if you will.Peaceful or not, one shopping center didn''t want to give the puppy protesters free rein over its establishment. When Puppies Arent Products targeted the Barkworks Pups & Stuff store at Los Angeles Westside Pavilion, the owners of the mall swung into action.Not unlike abortion protesters at a Democratic convention or anti-war protesters at a Republican convention, the puppy protesters were confined to undesirable areas -- in this case, mall space far away from Barkworks. Incidentally, Barkworks denies its dogs come from puppy mills, stating it takes great pride in having built a reputation of bringing healthy, happy puppies to loving families and homes.Look for the Union Label?Westside Pavilion had rules about when people could protest in its common areas. The rules applied to so-called noncommercial expressive activity, and covered various forms of expression, such as political and religious speech, soliciting for signatures on petitions, and the dissemination of noncommercial leaflets and fliers.The rules were what constitutional lawyers call content neutral, meaning the rules didnt vary depending on what a speaker was saying. There was just one catch.Labor unions got special treatment.The mall had special rules for qualified labor activity, which was defined, in part, as activity authorized by the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) or applicable state labor laws.Non-labor expressive activity -- such as the puppy protest -- was limited to certain areas of the mall and was subject to certain blackout days, days when no protests were allowed, such as the busy business days of Valentines Day, Halloween, and the Christmas shopping season.In contrast, labor expressive activity had no blackout dates, and the workers'' expression could take place near the targeted, allegedly union-busting establishment.The litigating Lassie lawyers saw this distinction as the way to get the puppy protesters within pawsteps of the alleged villains at Barkworks.Collies in CourtBest Friends sued Westside Pavilion''s owners in California state court, arguing the mall''s restrictions violated the free speech provisions of article I, section 2 of the California Constitution. Specifically, Best Friends argued, among other things, that it was unconstitutional for the mall to give labor union protesters preferential treatment over the Puppies Arent Products protesters.Westside Pavilion countered that the restrictions passed constitutional muster and that the mall was forced to give labor union protesters special treatment in order to comply with state and federal labor law.The mall won the first round when California Superior Court Judge Linda Lefkowitz ruled against the puppy protesters, holding that, under the 1997 California appellate decision, Union of Needletrades, Indus. & Textile. Emp. v. Superior Court, the shopping mall was within its rights to limit the activities of the puppy protesters and that the NLRA and state law required the mall to make special accommodations for labor protesters.But, this dogfight wasnt over.Best Friends appealed and found a more fur-friendly tribunal in California''s Second District Court of Appeal. In a 3-0 decision on Mar. 2, the appellate court overturned Judge Lefkowitz, and ruled in favor of the puppy protesters.The appellate court rejected the holding of the case on which Judge Lefkowitz relied and instead followed two other California appellate decisions, H-CHH Associates. v. Citizens for Representative Government and Snatchko v. Westfield LLC, in holding the mall could not restrict the puppy protesters in the manner it sought, and it rejected the mall''s preferential treatment of labor protesters.The appellate court said the mall suggests that the law compels it to discriminate. But federal and state laws do not require shopping malls to give labor speech more access to common areas than political and other types of free speech.Celebrating its victory and the apparent end of Puppies Arent Products banishment to the dark corners of the mall where one wouldn''t expect to find Jennifer Grey, Best Friends issued a statement entitled, Nobody Puts Baby in a Corner.______________________________________________Read more at the Washington Examiner:http://washingtonexaminer.com/blogs/opinion-zone/2011/03/labor-lassie-and-law
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Impacts of Technology on Society in the New Century – Electronics, Information Processing, IT and Telematics Applications , Multimedia , Telecommunications, Networking, Design and Modelling, Transport and Shipping Technologies, Rational use of energy.
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Microbiologist| Leishmaniasis| Toxoplasmosis| AIDS | Prof. Sarman Singh is a self-made person, who hails from a very small village of Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. He always thought of doing some welfare work for the country, which benefits not only his community but all the poor and downtrodden. After obtaining MBBS degree from KGMC, Lucknow and MD from PGIMER, Chandigarh, in 1991, he joined the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi as Assistant Professor. The Department he was assigned, had no research and development work and very few basic diagnostic services at that time. However, with his hard work, vision and seer perseverance his specialised division has now developed into a full fledged molecular biology centre of excellence which is very well equipped with most of the modern diagnostic and research tools such Whole Genome Sequencer, 6 laser flow cytometer, Molecular Biology work-station, MB-Bact, MGIT-960, Epicenter, various types of research and fluorescence microscopes, PCR, Real-time PCR, Mini-Mag,, NASBA, gel driers and DNA/RNA extractors, CO2 incubator, various types of centrifuges, biosafety cabinets, ELISA processors, electro-chemiluminescence, VIDAS etc.. The division is catering from very routine to most sophisticated molecular diagnostic services not only to the Institute hospital patients but also to patients of other hospitals in and outside Delhi. The laboratory has received several research grants from Department of Biotechnology, Indian Council of Medical Research, Department of Science and Technology, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, NIH (USA), European Commission, Australia Council, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, WHO etc. Dr. Singh is voracious writer, dedicated researcher, loved teacher by his students, an able administrator and a visionary. This is evident from his high citation index of 6500, i10 index of 141 and h-index of 40. He is an internationally acclaimed medical scientist with outstanding research and academic achievements for his pioneering work in the field of infectious diseases. His work has made high impact on the society both directly and indirectly and saved thousands of lives from diseases and poverty. His contribution to the society has been in two ways: direct and immediate and indirect but long lasting. The immediate impact has been through his inventions and innovations in the field of two major killer infectious diseases- the kala-azar and tuberculosis. Though both diseases affect poor, but kala-azar mainly affects the poorest and down trodden (Singh et al, 2000). Thousands of poor in Bihar, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh used to die due to kala-azar because the diagnostic methods were very costly for them to afford. The rapid test developed by his team which is highly cost-effective, the number of deaths due to kala-azar has come down. Though Government of India has taken several steps to tackle this disease, but the rapid test kit developed by him played pivotal role. His new inventions including the early diagnosis of tuberculosis and a mosquito proof cooler are on the way of commercialization which will make a dramatic change in the control of Tuberculosis and mosquito borne diseases. Indirect impact of his work has made a significant effect in youths and students across the country. Thousands of students get highly motivated after reading his biography (www.drsarmansingh.com). These youngsters generate confidence that with hard work, perseverance and honesty and scientists even poor students can also excel and contribute in the national building. The main focus of Prof. Sarman Singh's research has been on developing more sensitive and cost-effective diagnostic methods for infectious diseases, particularly those that are difficult to diagnose and treat. Towards this goal, he has made several ground breaking discoveries in the field of pathophysiology of visceral Leishmaniasis or kala-azar. He was the first to develop and patenting a rapid and highly cost-effective diagnostic test for this disease. A novel recombinant antigen (Ld-KE16) was prepared from an Indian strain of L. donovani (Singh & Sivakumar 2003; Sivakumar et al, 2006) ((PCT/IN2003/000400) and the commercial rights of the test were transferred to the M/s Span Diagnostic Pvt Ltd through the Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India. The company has made rapid diagnostic test (RDT) kits in various test formats, which were dedicated to the nation by the Honourable Minister of Science & technology, Government of India Shri Kapil Sibal on February 6, 2006 in a glittering ceremony at the Press Club of India. These RDTs have made the invasive and hazardous methods like bone marrow and splenic aspiration dispensable at a very affordable price (Singh 2006). It is a matter of pride that the diagnosis of kala-azar can now be made at a cost of less than Rs. 50 per patient in India using these trailblazing "Made in India" kits. These test kits are exceptionally accurate with 100% specificity and 98% sensitivity. The disease kala-azar mainly affects the poor and down-trodden section of our society (Singh et al, 2000). Till rapid tests were made available, thousands of poor in the states of Bihar, W Bengal and Uttar Pradesh were dying due to this disease because of non-availability of sensitive, cost-effective and point-of-care diagnostic methods. It may be mentioned that with the availability of this revolutionary test, the number of kala-azar deaths has come down significantly - thanks to the Government of India for their active surveillance, and free treatment combined with the RDT kit developed by Dr. Singh that played a pivotal role in the national kala-azar elimination program. This cutting edge technology is also saving of millions of dollars of the Indian Government every year on foreign exchange. This is the first ever-indigenous invention by a medical scientist, which is become an integral part of any national disease elimination programme. This invention received high appreciation and applauds from the WHO (WR-India, as chair of the award selection committee) in the BMJ Research and Innovation excellence award distribution ceremony while announcing the award to Dr. Sarman Singh. Beside the above, this work has been recognised by the prominent science agencies of India, notably the Department of Biotechnology (Product, process and Commercialisation award); Indian Council of Medical Research (Dr. BK Aikat Award); Medical Council of India (Dr. BC Roy Award); Government of Uttar Pradesh (Vigyan Ratna Award); Indian Medical Association (Med-Achiever Award); Delhi Medical Association (Chikitsa Ratna Award); Indian Society of Parasitology (Dr. BP Pandey Oration Award); Indian Association of Tropical Parasitology (Outstanding Researcher in Parasitology); Indus Foundation (Innovation Excellence Award); Society for Immunology and Immunopathology (Life Time achievement Award) and many more. The issue of reservoirs of visceral leishmaniasis in India has remained dogmatic. The dictum has been that only post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) patients serve as reservoirs and there are no animal reservoirs in India, in contrast to the well-known animal reservoirs world-wide. In a spearheading study Dr. Singh working on the premise that in several areas where there are no PKDL cases (Dey et al, 2007), the outbreaks or sporadic cases of VL do occur (Singh et a, 2011). Furthermore, using novel PCR primers (PCT/IN2004/000395) his team also found that VL and PKDL strains are genetically different and both strains have differences in the anti-leishmanial drug susceptibility pattern (Mishra et al 2011). Therefore, in a radical approach, his team investigated thousands of animals in endemic areas as well as in non-endemic areas and found that goats are very potent animal reservoirs of VL in India (Singh et al 2013). These findings are bound to make drastic deviation in the kala-azar elimination programme of India. The whole genome sequence (WGS) of several isolates of Leishmania donovani from VL patients has been sequenced, but it is a matter of pride that Dr. Sarman Singh became the first in the world to carry out the WGS of the PKDL strain of Leishmania. The sequence alignment data showed significant differences in the genome of PKDL strain as compared to VL strains (Gupta et al, 2015). The WGS also revealed a revolutionary finding that a major portion of a saprophytic bacterial (Parvibaculum lavamentivorans DS-1) genome gets integrated into the genome of PKDL strain. On the basis of this discovery new biological phenomenon has been postulated, thereby this integration could be the triggering factor to manifest the two strains differently (the viscerotropic form becoming dermotropic). This landmark discovery also proved his old hypothesis, that Leishmania donovani undergoes in-vivo hybridization to manifest as PKDL. These findings will go a long way in the eradication of old dogma about PKDL. India has distinction of having maximum cases of HIV, TB and Leishmaniasis. In an in-depth invited review in International Journal of Infectious Diseases Dr. Singh discusses the current scenario of HIV-leishmania co-infection and factors that contributed to help quell this duo, in contrast to the other co-endemic countries (Singh, 2014). However, the Leishmania and TB both are co-endemic in several parts of eastern India. It is also known that approximately 20% VL patients will have concomitant or subsequent Tuberculosis but there is no effective vaccine for these infections. Considering this as a major research challenge, for the first time his team prepared a self-cleaving chimeric DNA vaccine which can be used against both TB and visceral leishmaniasis (Dey et al, 2008). This cutting edge innovation has been patented globally (PCT/IN2009/000093). The department of Biotechnology who funded and licensed this this work, observed this invention as of high commercial value. The reputed journal Vaccine invited him to publish this innovative research to publish in their special issue (Dey & Singh, 2009) and again another reputed journal (Parasites and Vectors) invited him to write a systemic review on Leishmania vaccines (Srivastava et al 2015). Miltefosine is a new drug approved for the treatment of VL in 2004 only but within few years of its introduction, the efficacy has gone down. To understand the mechanism of resistance, in an avant-garde study his team has discovered novel mutations in the genes of Leishmania; which impart resistance to miltefosine. These mutations can now be used as molecular markers to diagnose and predict miltefosine resistance in circulating strains at an initial stage (Srivastava et al, 2016). Tuberculosis is the main killer infectious diseases in India. On the top of that multi-drug resistant (MDR) and extensively drug resistant (XDR) forms have emerged forcing WHO to announce MDR-TB as health emergency. Dr. Singh for the first time reported high incidence of XDR-TB in Indian AIDS patients (Singh et al 2007). Though this publication created lot of discussion in Government, but finally it was accepted as realty and based on these findings Government of India implemented programmatic management of DR-TB (PMTD). Unfortunately early and accurate diagnosis of TB has remained a major challenge for researchers and programme managers. In last 20 years several serological test kits were dumped in the Indian market for the diagnosis of PTB and EPTB. But these kits gave highly inaccurate results, leading to unnecessary treatment to hundreds of thousands of patients, and leaving several thousands TB patients untreated. Dr. Singh played crucial role in getting these serological kits banned for import, manufacture and use in India (The Independent, UK; Times of India; The Hindu; Deccan Herald; Spectrum; etc.) and live discussion on the all India Radio. The Editorial published in the IJMR (Singh & Katoch, 2011) played the key role in this decision taken by the Government of India in May 2012. However, the ban on serology has created a complete gap in the TB diagnostic field. Dr. Singh worked untiringly to find out novel molecular tools and biomarkers for the diagnosis and differentiation of drug susceptible and drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis. His laboratory has recently made a revolutionary discovery in this field. After screening hundreds of proteins of MTB, his team identified 5 novel proteins/antigens which are over-expressed only during the in-vivo drug resistance development. The genes were cloned and proteins expressed, purified and used on various categories of patients showing the sensitivity and specificity of these proteins between 98.2% -100% and 89.1 - 98.2%, respectively (Singh et al, 2015, Singh et al, 2016*). Using these novel proteins development of a point-of-care (POC) rapid test is underway. This innovation will be a game changer in the area of TB diagnostics not only for India but globally. The Foundation for Newer Innovative Diagnostics (FIND) has shown interest in this innovation and very soon this innovation will make India proud of innovative research. He has also used his epidemiological skills acquired during his training at University of Michigan (USA) and has done various field studies. He has formed a network of scientists working on Tuberculosis in India. In a spearheading study his team screened 628 isolates of MTB collected from various parts of the country, genotyped these and did drug susceptibility testing to uncover how the socio-geographical factors influence the prevalence of various genotypes of MTB. This was unique and first study of its kind. The Beijing genotype of MTB which is most prevalent in NER-India is having highest vulnerability for drug resistance while EAI genotype (found mainly in South India) having least preponderance for drug resistance (Singh et al, 2015). In this study he for the first time successfully documented the impact of population migration on the prevalence of various mycobacterial genotypes in different. This study was judged as the best study of 2015-16 carried out at the AIIMS and Dr. Singh was awarded First Prize in Research Excellence by the hon'ble Minister of Health and Family welfare, Government of India, Sri JP Nadda. The study has got wide coverage in the print media and Department of Biotechnology (NER-BPMC) has announced a special call for proposals to deal with this menace. Dr. Singh has also done pioneering work in the field of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) often neglected by clinicians and medical microbiologists as contaminants. In AIDS era these NTM have gained much importance but the conventional methods of identification are neither reproducible nor very specific. His team has developed novel sets of multiplex-PCR primers for the diagnosis and differentiation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, M. avium, M. kansasii and other NTM, directly from the clinical samples in a single tube (PCT/IN2004/000396). These PCR primers and the process have been found highly sensitive and specific and are being routinely used at AIIMS and many other laboratory settings throughout the country (Singh et al, 2006, Gopinath et al, 2009, Kumar et al 2014a). The PLoS Neglected Tropical Disease published Dr. Singh's "Personal Opinion: on this subject, which is highly cited. This has made a paradigm shift in the understanding of NTM disease in India. Using the same gene targets, a new technology known as loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay has also been developed by him with a commercial partner (Kumar et al, 2014b). The technology is being evaluated across the country and soon may be taken up by the Government of India. Currently molecular tools have become essential to understand the pathophysiology and drug targets. Dr. Singh has moved with the time. His laboratory is equipped with all modern tools including 6 laser flow cytometer and New Generation Sequencer (NGS), beside all routine diagnostic tools and services. His laboratory caters diagnostic (routine and specialised) tests with precision and accuracy. For his quality services his laboratory is recognised as training centre for whole Asia region for new TB diagnostics by the Stop-TB division of WHO (Geneva) and also by the central TB division of Government of India. Prof. Singh is the sole authority in the field of Toxoplasmosis in India for both medical and veterinary fraternity. His Toxoplasma reference laboratory is the only centre in entire India which is maintaining and distributing the Toxoplasma gondii strains to other researchers for the last 26 years continuously. Because of his spearheading teachings through webinars, print media and on other platforms including the FOGSI, ISP, IATP, IAMM, etc he has been able to convince the majority of Gynaecologists, Obstetricians, Paediatricians and Medical /veterinary microbiologists of India, that bad obstetric history (BOH) is a misnomer and that Toxoplasma causes multiple abortions is only a myth (Singh 2003; Singh & Pandit 2004; Singh et al, 2014). He is now the last word for Gynaecologists and Obstetricians of India regarding the diagnosis and management of congenital/antenatal toxoplasmosis. He has saved several unwarranted terminations of precious pregnancies suspected to have intrauterine toxoplasmosis on the basis of inaccurate test methods. His work has been cited in several reputed reference and text books-notably, the Infectious Diseases of fetus and neonates (Remington & Klein), Practical Obstetric Problem (Ian Donald); Toxoplasmosis : A comprehensive Clinical Guide (David et al), International Encylopedia of Public Health (Academic Press); Practical Guide to high-risk Pregnancy and delivery (Arias); Internal Medicine: an Illustrated Radiological Guide (Tubaikh) to name a few. It is worth mentioning that for his work on Toxoplasmosis he has been honoured by the Indian Academy of Tropical Parasitology as well as by the Indian Society of Parasitology. Beside TORCH infections his original work on mother-to-child transmission of Hepatitis E virus has been cited in almost all text books of paediatrics and Obstetrics, for examples – Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases (Bennett et al); Infectious Diseases of fetus and neonates (Remington & Klein); Practical Obstetric Problem (Ian Donald); Viral Infections of Humans (Kaslow et al) and Avery's Neonatology. He was the first to document first case of HIV-Leishmania co-infection in India (Singh et al 2000a) and also high incidence rates of hepatitis B and Hepatitis C virus infections in Kala-azar patients of Bihar who were receiving multiple injections of sodium antimony gluconate (Singh et al, 2000b). He for the first time documented that circumcised patients had lower incidence of Hepatitis C and HIV virus infections in India. These findings were noticed by WHO and its Safe Injection Global Network (SIGN) division organised a special meeting with Government of India (in 2001) and highlighted the need for safe injection practices in India. Dr. Singh was special invitee in this meeting to present his findings. This advisory issued by the WHO to India based on his findings changed the scenario of injection practices in India. As a physician also he has contributed immensely in the Clinical Practice. For the first time from India, he reported mucosal involvement by Leishmania donovani in an AIDS patient and Prof. Singh coined a new clinical condition- post-kala-azar mucosal leishmaniasis (PKML) and published in the Lancet (Singh, 2004). This clinical term is now being used by other authors also (Singh 2014). He has treated rare clinical conditions like genitourinary enterobiasis (Singh et al, 1989), Scalp Phthiriasis (Singh et al, 1990), Hookworm granuloma of Gastric Os (Singh 1999), Toxoplasmosis in an immunocompetent surgeon, and many more. He has successfully carried out clinical trials of herbal immunomodulators in AIDS patients. He is running a pre- and post-test counselling clinic for HIV/AIDS and TORCH infections for the last 20 years and supervises more than 5 lakh investigations each year. Indeed Dr. Singh has several firsts to his credit, whether it pertains to new discoveries, novel innovations, finding new pathogens, clinical conditions or disease manifestations. His keen interest in new discoveries and scientific dissemination started from his early residency days at PGIMER, Chandigarh. Dr. Singh was the first to report fungal contamination (Trichosporon beigelli) of UGI endoscopes instead of routine decontamination procedures (Singh et al 1989). This work has been cited in almost all text books of Gastroenterology. He also reported new species of Trichuris (vulpis) in Onges tribes of Nicobar (Singh et al 1993) and new genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in India. In addition to research, teaching and patient care he is helping various Government organizations like UPSC, DBT, ICMR, ICAR in the academic and administrative processes, and on being on their task forces. Dr. Singh has been member of Peer Team of NAC and Inspector of the MCI. Dr. Singh has also been on the research advisory committees/examiner of more than 25 central and state universities. He is also member of scientific advisory committees of JIMPER, Pondicherry; RMRC, Jodhpur and National JALMA Institute for Tuberculosis. He is grant reviewer for DST, DBT, DHR, ICMR, CSIR, BIRAC/IKP, BCIL of India. His research is also recognised outside India and he is grant reviewer for Medical Research Council, Government of South Africa; Ministry of Science and Technology, Life Sciences Division. Government of Israel and Ministry of Health (General Director for Scientific Research and Health Innovation), Italy. He is also abstract reviewer for World AIDS conference (IAS, Geneva) consecutively for 9th year and also for CROI (USA) and ICASA (South Africa) for last 3 years. He is one of the upper 10% peer reviewers for the publications from topmost publishers like Elsevier (including Lancet), NPG, Bentham, Springer, ASM, JAMA, BMA and others. Overall he is manuscript reviewer for 41 reputed journals while refusing review requests from hundreds of online journals. Out of 15 PhD and 5 MD students supervised by him as Chief Guide, all are pursuing their career successfully – 7 in the USA, 2 in South Korea, 2 in the UK, 1 in Germany and 8 in India. Of the 15 PhDs all have received accolades in the form of best poster or best oral presentations in various national and international conferences and most of them have received travel awards from DST, DBT, ICMR, BMGF or from conference organisers. One student was selected by HIV trust fund (Geneva) to work at NIH for 6 months. ***
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Home Design Garland | Find a Georgeous Design It might probably typically be troublesome to find a leak in your roof. You'll ultimately discover the source of the leak, by eliminating certain areas, using a hose, and having another person have a look at it, as effectively. If it is a massive home, use cell telephones to communicate so that water is not flowing into the house unnecessarily as you take a look at completely different areas to seek out the leak. Make sure that you take the proper safety precautions before attempting to go up in your roof. Even for those who think you are completely safe going up there without a harness, wear one anyway. Additionally it is a terrific concept to put on shoes that have rubber soles since they'll prevent you from slipping. As you put together to get your roof changed, do not forget that there are numerous nails up there. That means that as shingles come off, nails are going to develop into loose and fall to the bottom. Most contractors will place a tarp right down to catch as many unfastened nails as potential. If your contractor does not do that, query them about how the nails will probably be found and removed from your property. With all of the features of roofing, it may be a daunting activity to learn about it. You may be questioning methods to correctly care for your roof. When is it time to herald the professionals? Fortunately, this text is your one-stop guide to roofing suggestions. Read on to study all which you could. The contractor that you just hire to do your job should be native and reputable. Many people hire individuals from out of city as a result of they are a bit cheaper, however that poses an issue you probably have any issues. The contractor may not be capable of come out and fix your issues immediately since you might be up to now. If you rent a roofing contractor, make sure you discover one that ensures his work. Additionally it is important that the contractor carries insurance that covers his employees on the job. You should not need to worry that your property insurance will likely be charged is a staff falls out of your roof and is injured. The extra contact data you get in your roofing company, the better. Ask the mission manager or foreman for not only his contact information, however that of the corporate he works for. It is best to know his full identify and who at the company you should communicate to if there is a downside. Nonetheless, you will need to know what constitutes a regular deposit. When looking into several types of roofing material, you have to take into consideration various components. For instance, the value vary you are placing your budget in will finally determine what you are able to afford. A slate roof shall be very expensive, nevertheless, it would last longer than your lifetime. With a strong give attention to studying extra about roofing, this article is sure to offer you what you want. You need to know what you're doing relating to placing a brand new roof on your home, and that requires that proper data. Hold reading to be taught what you could know. Don't ask your roofer to work on your gutters. This isn't their area of expertise and they are prone to mess up. Subsequently, simply give attention to having them do your roof, and if your gutters have to be replaced because of this, find someone to do this job that makes a speciality of it. Ask for copies of the roofing firm's legal responsibility coverage earlier than letting them work in your roof. If they are an skilled and skilled firm, then they should have these papers with them when they meet with you. Any company that doesn't carry or outright refuses to provide copies of their insurance and papers detailing worker's compensation needs to be averted. For those who've been wanting to place a roof on your private home, however you need to know more about your options, then you've discovered the fitting article. From what type of roof to hiring the right guy, you'll want to know some advice that will help you navigate your means. Proceed reading to search out out some helpful information about roofing. If you are attempting to replace or restore a roof on your own, all the time take precautions. Be sure to wear rubber soled sneakers that grip and think about using a harness too. As well as, ask a buddy to stay on the bottom in case you need help. Working on a roof requires standing in uneven ways and transferring around far above ground, so these precautions are obligatory. Know all about roofing supplies. Each material has its professionals and cons. For example, metallic roofing could be very sturdy and light-weight. Steel is tough to install and isn't always a horny addition to a home. Asphalt shingling is cheaper and simpler to put in, however does not final as long. Other forms of roofing supplies to discover are wooden and tile. T verify your roof for leaks, use a easy garden hose. Take the hose up to the roof and spray water over the world of the roof inflicting you concern. If it is very icy or extremely chilly, you would possibly need to do that more than as soon as, as the water will freeze. It isn't straightforward to learn every thing you wish to learn about roofing. In case your roof is leaking, you first have to climb up onto your house's attic.
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Blank Print Ablecalendar | Health Benefits Of Garlic Benefits of Hiring Road Grader The quality of the base in any road construction is what determines the quality of the entire road. This is what makes the road intact and not to sink on some other sides. To get the right things on order; you need to have the road graders. Its work is based primarily on the top layer of the road. With times, the asphalt layer is usually laid on top. Through this layer, you will have the required accuracy getting laid on the rest of the road construction. There are several benefits that you get to have through the hiring of these machines. The first is that you get to avoid storage costs. In case you decide to buy one, it requires secure storage. You need to ensure that you get an excellent place to have the equipment in the right shape. There are other added cost that you get to have and these are what makes you have the right additions. The best thing could not be to leave this equipment in the outdoors. There are several greater and better parts of the equipment that you can get to benefit from. This help you eliminate the need for long term storage. There are reduced transportation costs. As well, there is how you get to eliminate the cost of storage, and you happen to have the right things in order. There's a lot of logistics on the transportation to the projects site and this will help you through. The owner is responsible for ensuring that you get to have the right tools in place and that they get to have the grader in the site. They will ensure that they pick up and that they deliver the grader as required. Coordinating with the rental company is less stressful as they cover all the manual work required including hiring and firing the drivers. With the hired grader, there are so many things that get to take place and which you get to have, and this will help you get the right thing and people in place. This is what you need to work with as it will save work downtime when you have to manage the entire constructions and the machines. It is more comfortable to save time with a rented grader than a self-managed one. There are short and long term packages offered by the rental companies to the graders. These will help you have the grader in the period you need it. It will avoid so many issues here and there. There are several technical issues that you don't have to deal with. When rented, you don't have to worry about that. There are experts and other technicians that can help you with the grader technicalities. To get the more natural control of the panel you need the right thing to have in place. Call the rental company and they will assist you. Smart Ideas: Equipment Revisited What Has Changed Recently With Equipment?
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Reiki Healing - An Introduction | Health and Happiness and a Long Life Through Reiki Healing! Reiki is the fusion of two Japanese words, rei and ki, essentially meaning "Higher Energy" or "Source Energy". It is an intelligent and compassionate force and remembering this is the key to understanding how Reiki heals. Reiki is considered to be a divine energetic force and differentiates itself from other energy modalities in this way. Most other forms of healing are focused on the balance and stimulation of what the Japanese call ki, a vital energy or animating force, which is considered to be the basis of all things in existence. Similar in concept to the Chinese qi (or chi) and the Indian prana, ki is the basic building block of all that is. Most healing modalities focus on this form of energy. Reiki, on the other hand, is considered to be an even deeper Connective Force. It is generally considered to be of a higher consciousness than ki and is believed to be the very essence of that which many call "God", a powerful and unifying force that ties all else together into a cooperative Whole. Similar in this sense to ki, Reiki is the supreme basis of everything in existence; the very Source and Essence of All That Is, the most true part of us all. How Reiki Heals: An Intelligent Force To learn how Reiki heals and to make sense of the healing process, it is important that you understand the intelligence that is inherent to the Reiki Energy. Unlike other healing modalities, which require the practitioner to consciously direct and stimulate energy throughout the body system, Reiki requires only that a positive intention be held. When a Reiki practitioner positions his or her hands near a body, there is absolutely no need for conscious direction of Reiki Energy into that body or any specific part of that body. The key to understanding how Reiki heals is to realize that Reiki has a consciousness of its own and knows precisely what is needed for each individual person or animal or situation being treated. How Reiki Heals: The Channel Although often referred to as a "healer", the Reiki practitioner is more like a channel, allowing pure Reiki Energy to flow through them into the body of the person or animal in need of attention. By simple hand placement and an open mind, the Reiki practitioner allows the Reiki Energy to work its own miraculous wonders by its own Intelligence. How Reiki Heals: Your Personal Connection How Reiki heals is unique in each individual case, but the basic understanding of what is occurring remains the same. Reiki is the primal energy of the universe guided and directed by the highest wisdom of the universe. It is not some detached vapor that miraculously descends from heaven. Its healing ability is so powerful because it is a part of you. In order to understand how Reiki heals, you must understand that, as strange as it may seem, Reiki knows you; knows your needs, and knows how to meet those needs. This is why Reiki can be effective from a distance. This is how Reiki can be used for self-healing. This is precisely how Reiki heals. How Reiki Heals: Reiki Is For Everyone! Understanding how Reiki heals is empowering because it means that anyone can learn to tap into its benefits, both for themselves and for those around them. Unfortunately, since its introduction to the Western world 70 years ago, Reiki has remained very exclusive to a select few due to the phenomenally high cost of training and general secrecy regarding its philosophy and use. Much has changed more recently, though, and many have agreed that Reiki is for everyone. Reiki Healing Hands What Are Reiki Healing Hands? Healing hands could be the term offered to persons that have been attuned to the healing power ofReiki Healing and can perform Reiki channelling of this power by way of their hands. What is Reiki? Reiki is usually a kind of hands on healing, with its origins in India plus the East dating back a lot of thousands of years to the time ahead of Christ and Buddha. Usui Reiki is a strategy of reiki developed by Dr Mikao Usui in the 19th century. Usui himself produced the name REIKI, Rei which means Universal and Ki meaning Life force. Usui created this system of reiki to ensure that any person could practice hands on healing. He wanted reiki to become universal so that whatever religious or cultural background you held you'd have the ability to turn out to be a reiki master. Adults and kids alike can practice Usui Reiki. Reiki may be the gift of vitality and self preservation encoded into the genetic makeup of all Gods creatures. It's the higher selfs connection to the universal power that breathes life into all living tissues. We are all born with the omniscient wisdom to heal and preserve life, with all living things connected by the Universal Life Force, the non physical ubiquitous energy that provides life to just about every living organism. How Are you able to Obtain Reiki? It is possible to obtain Reiki from a certified Reiki practitioner. You are able to also perform Reiki on oneself by understanding Reiki. We think that The Essence Of Reiki home Study Course would be the greatest home study course about, to find out about Reiki, we employed this course and discovered it very uncomplicated to follow and enjoyable. Right after completing the course you may be a certified Usui Reiki Master and Animal Reiki Master. The Benefits of Hands On Reiki Healing Reiki can help you boost every single aspect of your life and support to retain ongoing wellness and prevent illness. It is actually for everybody and can be applied to heal adults, youngsters, babies, an unborn youngster and also pets. It's a safe and straightforward therapy option that can be made use of to complement and enhance the effects with the regular wellness care an individual receives within the hospital or wellness centre. Indeed, Reiki is made use of within a broad range of settings like hospitals, hospices, cancer support groups, post-operative recovery as well as in drug rehabilitation. Reiki can also be applied with other natural healing therapies which include meditation, crystals and aroma therapy, with Reiki reinforcing the effect of thesehealing therapies. Our Knowledge Of Healing Hands As Usui Reiki Masters we've received and performed Reiki on numerous occasions. We really feel that the healing power of Reiki is an extraordinary thing and we really feel extremely relaxed afterwards. The most beneficial approach to fully grasp what healing hands are or really feel like would be to experience it for your self Reiki Hand Positions. As soon as you've received the very first degree attunement, from a Reiki Master that you are ready to work using the universal life force. Nevertheless, it really is vital that you just realise as with every profession there's a must 1st practice and master the abilities connected with healing including the correct Reiki Hand Positions to get a Reiki Self Therapy. Madam Takata taught her students to heal themselves initially, then their families, then their good friends. Only then did she think they would be adequately qualified and in a position to operate as a practitioner and heal other people. Finding out the Reiki Hand Positions can be comparable to when someone very first learns to drive an auto they need time, practice and experience to master what appears to be a rather complicated set of procedures. Nevertheless, within a fairly brief space of time they're able to drive safely and effortlessly as they unconsciously manage the car and all the many abilities associated with driving. Likewise with time, practice and experience you might master the skills and strategies associated with art of Reiki healing such as the Reiki Hand Positions. Treat the early months as a finding out encounter, just about like an apprenticeship; this can provide you with the time you'll want to develop your self-confidence and expertise. Keep in mind the more you operate with Reiki then a lot more intuitive you are going to become, your energy vibration will likely be raised and you'll develop and expertise a new joyful consistency inside your life. Making use of the Reiki Hand Positions when performing a reiki self healing could be the starting point for individual development and self discovery. Reiki will not be just a tool for healing; it also brings protection, prevention and private transformation on all levels. As you progress along your new path, inevitably you are going to come up against obstacles and setbacks in your life that typically appear like the whole ocean front, but with Reiki you'll have the strength to cope with them as though they may be but pebbles on the beach. Even when you under no circumstances use Reiki to heal anyone but yourself, you can discover a brand new sense of balance and peace in your life. There's no other process of self-treatment as simple and as useful as Reiki. Simply because Reiki is usually accessible to you, whenever you really feel tired, stressed, have any aches or pains, it is possible to alleviate them by merely laying your hands on your body. The infinite wisdom of Reiki will go to wherever it can be essential. Recharge your batteries every day, not just when issues, difficulties, anxiousness or illnesses arise. Day-to-day self remedy will support to prevent sickness and disease, and bring your life into focus and balance speedily. Every time you use Reiki on your self, you raise your self esteem and self adore. You'll discover your mission in life and develop it into additional compassion and love. Instead of receiving stress in the normal actions you make contact with each day such as traffic jams; meetings, interviews, going to the physician?s or dentist, waiting in queues, your youngsters requires and your family responsibilities to name but a few, enable Reiki into your life and let Reiki develop into a brand new way of life to you. Reiki is actually a gift to be savoured and enjoyed. Keep in mind the more you use Reiki the stronger and much more profound it becomes. Every day use could extend your personal life by quite a few years. You can find a number of positive aspects to become gained, which take place with no any effort from a every day Reiki self-treatment like: Reiki will unwind you if you are stressed Reiki brings about deep relaxation Reiki centres your thoughts if you are confused Reiki energises you if you feel drained Reiki calms you after you are frightened Reiki focuses your thoughts and helps you to resolve issues Reiki relieves pain Reiki accelerates natural healing of wounds Reiki improves wellness Reiki gradually clears up chronic troubles Reiki assists prevents the improvement of disease Reiki detoxifies the body Reiki dissolves energy blockages Reiki releases emotional wounds Reiki increases the vibrational frequency in the physique Reiki assists transform unfavorableYourself With Reiki There is certainly no right or wrong approach to work with Reiki on oneself. As you become much more experienced with all the Reiki energy you can intuitively move your hands to wherever it feels right. Having said that, should you be aware of a specific problem which include an injury or pain, then you should place your hands directly over that area to begin with, and follow up with a full self treatment. In the beginning, it is often very best to follow a set procedure using the chakra points. Once you have mastered the hand positions you can then leave each and every self treatment up to your own intuition. You may wish to function with music to add the right relaxing mood. Discover a place where you won't be disturbed if possible. Normally you would spend three to five minutes on every position. Even so, time is typically short, but recall a little Reiki is better than no Reiki. On completion in the self therapy drink a large glass of purified water. Close your eyes and go inside and pay attention for the thoughts and emotions that have arisen during the session. You may really feel light headed, and for those who must rest, or sit down to get a brief time, allow your self this time. If you feel you must continue to function on a specific area with the physique, even if you've got completed a full self therapy employing the reiki hand positions, then go with your intuition; often listen to your thoughts and body. Remember the reiki healing hand positions are only a guide? Use your intuition.
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Home of ManagementBoy This space belongs to Management Boy. Everything here is my stuff. It reflects my ideals and thoughts. You might find some of it objectionable, or might like it a lot. In any case feel free to send me an e-Mail or comment directly. Some of the content has been online for years and has not changed, even though I have. If you feel like using anything on these pages for your own personal happiness, contact me first, I don't bite. Disclaimer: None, absolutely none of the statements here reflect in any way those of my current or past employers.
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Kubota Mowers Guide | kubotamowersguide Introduction With the mowing season fast approaching and the demand for mowers rising at an exponential rate, we created the Kubota Lawn Mowers Guide to help everyone in the market for a new, reliable lawn mower with all the relevant information required to make an educated purchasing decision regarding the best mowing equipment for them. Considering that this investment into the aesthetics of your lawn is not a cheap affair, it's very important that you carefully consider all options before spending your hard-earned money and if you're looking for more information on Kubota's line of products, we provide you with a plethora of data ranging from the models offered, a troubleshooting guide, a how to guide and an FAQ section where forum members answer one another's queries regarding the product. Kubota's high quality industrial and personal mowers are forged out of high grade steel and built with chart topping precision engineering techniques that have made the company popular in the region for several years – the company's productivity enhancing mowers are highly renowned for their agility and quality performance. Warranty for all equipment can be extended under the company's own warranty and service program for 2 years. Choosing the right Kubota Lawn Mower Based on your mowing needs and the size of the lawn, you might need to use a mower that is differently built for the specifications of your mowing area. Riding Mower - Ideal for bigger yards and spaces that require more precision tending, riding mowers are best suited for areas that demand long durations of extensive mowing bouts such as organizational lawns, real estates and other commercial properties. Kubota's line of mowers offer up to multiple gears for increased efficiency and advanced mowing durability. A wide range of mowing lines are also available that include the T-series and the GR-series offering as much as 23 hp of capability. Eg models: T1880, T2080, T2380, GR2120-48 Push Lawn Mower - The old school conventional push-type mowers find a variety of applications, especially in personal properties and for use in smaller commercial spaces. Due to their low demands and higher maneuverability, they can be used in smaller spaces effectively while their efficiency is also generally the highest of all varieties of mowers. However, they aren't precisely designed to be used for extensive mowing sessions that cover sprawling spaces. Eg models: W819P, W821S, W821SC Zero Turn Mower - Generally considered to be the most maneuverable of the riding mowers, these varieties of mowers are best suited for lawns and estates that contain a number of shrubs, trees, landscaping and hardscaping features along with other obstacles that may regularly interrupt the mowing path of the other types of mowers. They can also be used for longer durations due to their effective riding design and simple handling capabilities. Eg models: Z122R, Z125E, F3690, F3690SN Common Issues Outdoor equipment, especially lawn mowers, are subjected to harsh conditions that can deter performance and slow functionality over the period of a year or longer and to combat this, small fixes can be carried out for most common issues your mower comes across. Problems starting the engine are frequently reported after three to four months of heavy usage and this is often due to a loose connection in the spark plug circuitry, a corroded spark plug or the accumulation of clippings beneath the mower. Cutting quality may become impacted from time to time if the blades are not properly balanced after sharpening, or if the tire pressure in all tires has not been uniformly adjusted. The presence of white smoke after the engine oil is changed is a commonly reported occurrence but is generally nothing to worry about as it usually happens when spilt oil comes in contact with the unit's hot surfaces. Conclusion With the company having been set up as early as 1890, Kubota have a long and prestigious history in the hardware market especially in the world of compact engines and outdoor power equipment. The company's high manufacturing standards and patents have enabled them to build a strong global presence that spans markets in France, Germany, Italy, Australia, Canada, India, Korea, UK and USA. The company also have a number of manufacturing plants in locations around the world with distribution networks that traverse 31 countries. In case of any further questions feel free to contact us.
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The Penn State Chapter of PRSSA | Lawrence G. Foster Chapter of the Public Relations Student Society of America at Penn State University Lawrence G. Foster Chapter of the Public Relations Student Society of America at Penn State University
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azcentral.com: Phoenix and Arizona local news, sports and entertainment azcentral.com is the digital home of The Arizona Republic newspaper, with breaking news and in-depth coverage of sports, things to do, travel and opinions.
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The Erwin Rommel School of Law - litigation lawyers judges corrupt judicial misconduct disgorgement fees attorney representation counsel pro se in pro per The Erwin Rommel School of Law has the necessary tools to teach you how to understand and use the American Legal System. Federal or State, civil or criminal, plaintiff or defendant: we will show you what really works.
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index This site is not about evangelizing non-Christians and is about spreading the Truth about the Holy Bible. We strive to bring fresh insight and commentary on the study of God's Word.
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Caffi Nation I draw "The Anomaly" and "Degasi!" All that plus reblogs, shitposting, and occasional content. Sometimes I say cheesy stuff and actually mean it.
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Wolf Popper LLP Blog Wolf Popper LLP''s blog discussing legal news, case developments, and issues that consumers and investors need to know.
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Utah Population & Environment Council | Promoting a Sustainable Balance with Human Population and the Environment By George Pyle. The Salt Lake Tribune "Sure overpopulation is a problem. That's why people should have lots of babies. Because one day, one of those babies is going to grow up and solve that problem." — Ted Baxter In geometry, any two points make a line. In professional punditry, any three points constitute a meaningful trend. • Point 1: Utah's Sen. Mike Lee made a total fool of himself by standing up on the floor of the World's Greatest Deliberative Body to claim that the answer to problems caused in large part by the overpopulation of the world was for people to have more babies. • Point 2: Republicans are trying to have the whole of the Affordable Care Act declared unconstitutional, attempting to toss upwards of 20 million Americans off the already-too-small roll of people who have health insurance. • Point 3: The latest edition of the General Social Survey indicates that the number of people who had no sexual relations with another person over the preceding year has reached an all-time high. Nearly a quarter of U.S. adults self-reportedly came up empty in that department in 2018. (One presumes that the number of people who had sex and denied it is balanced by the number of people who didn't have sex claimed they did.) • Meaning: We are well beyond the era where people have lots of babies out of fear that only a few of them will survive to adulthood — or even long enough to pull a plow — and have entered a time when many people, quite logically, are having fewer babies out of fear that they won't be properly taken care of. That, in fact, their arrival will only accelerate the demise of human civilization as we know it. Lee's argument is exactly the one referenced above, made by the dimwitted anchorman who was the bane of Mary Richards' existence on the classic "Mary Tyler Moore Show" more than — gasp — 40 years ago. Not that there is never wisdom in the words of fools. In a slightly more sentient essay on his Senate web page, Lee correctly points out that past predictions of global catastrophe have not come to pass because human ingenuity stepped in. Increased population did not cause millions to starve to death, because agriculture made great strides even as the birth rate soared. Lee might well also have noted that aerosol sprays didn't destroy the atmosphere, the turning of the calendar to the year 2000 didn't play havoc with every computer on earth and the American bald eagle did not go extinct. In each case, humans became aware of what the future was going to be like if we did not act. So we figured it out and, individually, culturally and through our government institutions, invented new technologies and changed our behavior, thereby avoiding what could well have been a dreadful future. Of course, the senator also included a sorry No-I-didn't-see-"Chinatown"-why-do-you-ask? example of how city of Los Angeles was able to grow to its current megalopolis size with major water projects. Projects built with a massive grab of water rights from farmers and Indian tribes described in Mark Reisner's 1993 "Cadillac Desert" as "chicanery, subterfuge ... and a strategy of lies." People are having less sex, and fewer babies, for reasons both good and worrisome. Women have other things to do. A knowledge economy that places no value on upper-body strength should be, and increasingly is, a way for women to realize, like Ted's friend Mary, that they can make it after all with no husband and no children. Meanwhile, the social safety net that might make people feel more secure bringing new lives into the world is under active and sustained attack — by Lee and his fellow Republicans. The deliberate transfer of wealth from the rest of us to the 1 percent, increasing numbers of men with no jobs and no prospects, Third World rates of maternal and infant mortality in the U.S. and political leaders whose response to climate change is, "Don't worry your pretty little heads about it," do nothing to inspire confidence in our future as an ideal place to raise a family. We could well, as Lee says, think our way out of this. We could invent sustainable, clean sources of energy and build a future where the population can increase in ways that don't destroy the planet. But you can't avoid a calamity if you refuse to see it coming. George Pyle, editorial page editor of The Salt Lake Tribune, notes that we have made it well into the 21st century with neither Martian colonies nor World War III. gpyle@sltrib.com
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QuestMasters Online Museum Home Page Welcome to QuestMasters - The foundation for the recovery and preservation of World War Two memorabilia for posterity. History of our Quest: The idea behind QuestMasters started during a recovery trip in Europe. After a long truck ride we realized that we were not only recovering and restoring World War Two memorabilia, but also going to the ends of the earth to do it. Hence - this is our Quest. Why we Quest? The Second World War lasted for over 6 years. For the United States, we were completely unprepared. Civilian companies quickly transformed into the American war machine. Small companies like Maytag, the washing machine company, made gun turrets for heavy bombers; Rock-Ola, a pin ball machine company, made rifles; Goodyear, the tire company, made fighter aircraft; Cadillac, the automobile company, made tank destroyers...and on and on. Farmboys, teachers, business men, barbers - men and women alike gave up their everyday jobs to put on a uniform, to fight for their country. They went to far-off lands, some unmapped - to fight and die. There was rationing and recycling. All gave some, and some gave all. Valor was a common virtue. And that is where we find ourselves, the children of a culture, responsible for the history of the sacrifice they made for us. Our goal: Our goal is the preservation of World War Two history. In the not too distant future, the breaths of those who were there making the history will no longer be able to tell the story. History is normally written by the victor, but this was a World War. It affected every country and every person, Allied and Axis. So, our focus is just that, to preserve the story, from both sides. It is our responsibility to tell their story. Webpage Header: WWII World War Two QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted Parts German 1940 10,5cm LFH18 - Light Field Howitzer 18 Germany 10,5cm le FH 18 leichte Feldhaubitze 18 Fried Krupp Essen 1940 Light Field Howitzer 105mm Steven Spielberg HBO mini-series Band Of Brothers Easy Company E Company 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment 506 PIR 101st Airborne Division World War Two Lt Spears D Company 506th PIR Episode 2 Day of Days QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted United States Ford GPW ¼ Ton Truck 52712 - Jeep 1/4 Ton 4x4 Truck Government Number G503 Model GPW Manufacturer Ford Motor Company Date of Delivery 12 August 1942 Serial Number 52712 Hood Number 20137713 QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted United States Ford GPW ¼ Ton Truck 69289 - Jeep Type 1/4 Ton 4x4 Truck Government Number G503 Model GPW Manufacturer Ford Motor Company Date of Delivery 30 September 1942 Serial Number 69289 Hood Number 20154290 Daimler Benz Gaggenau 1945 QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted United States Ford GPW ¼ Ton Truck 69289 - Jeep - Page 2 Type 1/4 Ton 4x4 Truck Government Number G503 Model GPW Manufacturer Ford Motor Company Date of Delivery 30 September 1942 Serial Number 69289 Hood Number 20154290 Daimler Benz Gaggenau 1945 QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted United States Dodge ¾ Ton Truck WC-54 Ambulance 713293 Type 3/4 Ton 4x4 Truck Government Number G502 Model WC-54 Ambulance Dodge Model T-214 Manufacturer Dodge Motor Company Date of Delivery November 1942 Serial Number 81560003 Hood Number 713293 WWII World War Two QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted Parts United States Willys MB ¼ Ton Truck 241969 - Jeep Type 1/4 Ton 4x4 Truck Government Number G503 Model MB Manufacturer Willys Overland Date of Delivery 1943 Serial Number 241969 Hood Number 20342091 WWII World War Two QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted Parts United States Willys MB ¼ Ton Truck 277074 - Jeep Type 1/4 Ton 4x4 Truck Government Number G503 Model MB Manufacturer Willys Overland Date of Delivery 1943 Serial Number: 277074 Hood Number WWII World War Two QuestMasters Quest Masters Museum Restoration Wanted Parts United States Studebaker T-24 Weasel Serial Number 991 Cargo Carrier Light Government Number G179 Model T-24 Weasel Studebaker Motor Company Date of Delivery 1943 Serial Number 991Registration Number prototype M-29 1942 M-29C BARGE WITH A CHARGE command vehicle HQ27 146th Engineer Combat Battalion ECB 1st Army Special Engineer Task Force Omaha Beach 1st Infantry Division June 6th 1944 H+03 hour United States 1 Ton “Ben Hur” Trailer G-518 Type Trailer 2 Wheel 1 Ton Cargo Government Number G-518 Untied States Checker Cab CC-1B 1 Ton 250 Gallon Water Trailer G-527 Type Trailer 1 Ton 2 Wheel Tank Water 250 Gallon Government Number G-527 Model: CC-1B Manufacturer Checker Cab Company Date of Delivery March 8th 1943 Serial Number 2709 U.S.A. Number Registration Number 0294301 Parts Manual TM 10-1395 Maintenance Manual TM 10-1395 United States Army Infantry Rifleman 29th Infantry Division Omaha Beach Normandy France June 6th 1944 German 2cm FLAK 38 German Germany Type 2cm 20mm FLAK 38 Model Flug Abwehr Kanone 38 Manufacturer 1944 Sonderanhanger 51 German 2cm FLAK 38 German Germany Type 2cm 20mm FLAK 38 Model Flug Abwehr Kanone 38 Manufacturer 1944 Sonderanhanger 51 Ammunition Boxes Crates German 2cm FLAK Ammunition box (left photo). This box is the early war style with metal end handles and painted ordnance tan. The partially obscured marking are "2cm Patr (Tr.)" which is for "2cm Patronen Tropen" (2cm Ammunition Tropical). This ammunition box was specifically packed for use in tropical climates.The 2cm FLAK Ammunition box in the right photo is also packaged for tropical use. Ammunition box label for 2cm High Explosive (Sprenggranat) Ammunition (Patronen) with Yellow (gelb) Tracer (L''spur), left photo.Ammunition box label for 2cm Armor Piercing (Panzergranat) Ammunition (Patronen) with Red (rot) Tracer (L''spur) Tropical (Tp) in steel shell casings (blue vertical stripe), right photo. Ammunition box label for 2cm Armor Piercing (Panzergranat) Ammunition (Patronen) with Red (rot) self destroying (red Z) Tracer (L''spur), in steel shell casings (blue vertical stripe) left photo.Ammunition box label for 2cm High Explosive (Sprenggranat) Ammunition (Patronen) with Red (rot) Tracer (L''spur), in steel shell casings (blue vertical stripe), right photo. Ammunition box label for 2cm Incendiary (Brand) High Explosive Ammunition (Sprenggranatpatronen) with Red (rot) Tracer (L''spur), left photo. Note very late 1945 production date.Ammunition box label for 2cm Incendiary (Br.) High Explosive Ammunition (Sprgr-Patronen) with Red (rot) Tracer (L''spur), in steel shell casings (blue vertical stripe), right photo. External ammunition box stenciling: Luftwaffen-Munition (Air Force Ammunition), left photo. Heeres-Munition (Army Ammunition), right photo. Equipment and ammunition was procured independently via separate contracts within the German Wehrmacht or Armed Forces during World War Two. Equipment and ammunition was specifically marked for the branch of service that it was ordered. It was not uncommon though to find supplies re-routed due to wartime shortages, United States Army Infantry Officer 36th Infantry Italy December 1943 U.S. Army Infantry Officer 36th Infantry Division San Pietro - Liri Valley, Italy December 1943 United States Army Air Force Heavy Bomber Pilot Western Europe 1944 U.S. Army Air Force Heavy Bomber Pilot Western Europe 1944 United States Army Air Force Heavy Bomber Pilot Western Europe 1944 U.S. Army Air Force Heavy Bomber Pilot Western Europe 1944 QuestMasters Aircraft United States Country United States Type: B-24J Heavy Bomber Manufacturer Consolidated Factory San Diego, Ca.Year 1944 Serial Number:B-24J-155-C0 44-40332 Country United States Type SNJ Advanced Trainer (Navy) Manufacturer North American Factory: Unknown Year 1944 Serial Number SNJ-5B 84947 Country United States Type LNE-1 Glider Trainer (Navy) Manufacturer Pratt Read Factory Deep River, Connecticut Year 1943 Serial Number LNE-1 31556 Country: United States Type UC-45F Cargo Aircraft (AAF) Manufacturer Beechcraft Factory Not Available Year 1943 Serial Number UC-45F 43-35764 Country United States / Canada Type PT-26A Primary Trainer (AAF) Cornell II (RCAF) Manufacturer Fleet Factory Ontario, Canada Year 1943 Serial Number: PT-26A 42-71104 Country United States Type CG-15A Glider (AAF) Manufacturer Waco Factory Not Available Year 1944/1945 Serial Number Not Available Country United States Type CG-4A Glider (AAF) Manufacturer Not Available Factory Not Available Year Not Available Serial Number Not Available Country United States Type P-61 Night Fighter (AAF) Manufacturer Not Available Factory Not Available Year Not Available Serial Number Not Available QuestMasters Aircraft Archeology U.S. Army/USMC Curtis A25-A (SB2C-1A "Helldiver")This is quite an unusual find. This rare aircraft started its life as a United States Navy SB2C "Helldiver". During the Second World War the Army ordered 900 "Helldivers" and renamed them A25-A. The U.S. Army later transferred the aircraft to the USMC and renamed the SB2C-1A. The history of this aircraft is unknown. The aircraft is seen (recovered from Barbers Point Naval Air Station, Hawaii) in an overall olive green paint scheme with grey undersides. It is interesting to note that two U.S. insignia are painted on the sides of the aircraft (this is due to war time repainting at different periods - exposure to the elements have uncovered both insignia). U.S. Army B-17F "Flying Fortress" named "LOS LOBOS".This is the starboard side of the nose section. Under "LOS LOBOS" is also painted "ROVER BOY". The history of this aircraft is uknown. U.S. Army B24D-13-CO-41-23938This aircraft is believed to be a Consolidated B-24D Liberator due to the fact that it crashed near several other B-24D Liberators of the same or near serial number. This aircraft was found near Wheeler Army Air Force Base, January 1996, in Hawaii. The photo depicts the forward starboard section of a B-24 Liberator painted in olive drab with the number 938 stenciled in yellow below the navigators window. This section of the B-24 has been recovered for the QuestMasters Museum for preservation. Any further information on this aircraft would be greatly appreciated. U.S. Army B24J-155-CO-44-40332This Consolidated B-24J Liberator was found in February 1993 in Aiea, Hawaii. Built in March 1944, "44-40332" crashed on May 5th, 1944 due to an on-board fuel problem. "332" was on her maiden voyage from California for final assignment to the 5th A.A.F. in Australia. All ten crew members were killed on impact having never seen a day of combat. Upon impact, "332" burst into flames nearly destroying the entire aircraft. "332" did not carry any unit markings, or nose art. Today only "332''s" right and left wing with wheels, four engines, tail turret, and many small parts remain on the impact site. The Nose section, from the cockpit forward, and the Martin 250 upper turret have been recovered for restoration in the QuestMasters Museum. U.S. Army B24J-80-CO-42-10021XThis Consolidated B-24J Liberator was found near Wheeler Army Air Force Base, January 1996, in Hawaii. Very little is known of the history of this B-24. Only part of the tail was found, as seen in this photo. No fire damage was found on the remains at the crash site. This was an early B-24J as noted by the olive-green paint that remained on the vertical stabilizer. Later B-24 Liberators were unpainted to save both materials and total aircraft weight (approximately 1000 pounds). The serial number was found to be partly obscured, so the last digit is represented by an "X". The only unit markings found on the aircraft were four horizontal lines on the vertical stabilizer. Due to extensive corrosion only the serial number section was recovered for preservation at the QuestMasters Museum. U.S. Army B24D-10-CO-41-23901This Consolidated B-24D Liberator was found on the Wailua Sugar Cane Plantation near Waimea Falls, 1994, in Hawaii. This aircraft crashed March 1942 during a routine coastal patrol of the Hawaiian coast. Three of her eight man crew died in the crash. Official Army Air Force reports concluded that the aircraft was on final approach when fuel ran out and the pilot ditched the aircraft in a sugar cane field. The aircraft remains today in a very sorry state. The aircraft was stripped in the late 1980''s for aluminum scrap, but many pieces remain on the crash site. Due to the lack of fuel on-board the aircraft, very little fire damage to the aircraft is present. The aircraft was painted in an overall olive drab paint scheme with "early" wartime U.S. insignia. Several small pieces were recovered for the QuestMasters Museum including the port wing star (seen in photo), an E-6B flight computer, several gun chutes, a mess kit, a match container, multiple .50cal armor piercing rounds and a propeller hub from one of the engines. Curtis P-36A 38-16 and P-36A 38-70This P-36A crashed on the Wailua Sugar Cane plantation, Oahu Hawaii U.S.A., due to a mid-air collision between Lt Ulysses S. O''Hern (P-36A 38-16) and Lt Richard A. Toole (P-36A 38-70) on July 12, 1941 0915 AM. Both aircraft were from the 45th Pursuit Squadron, 15th Pursuit Group, 7th Air Force. U.S. Navy TBM-1C "Avenger"This Navy TBM-1C "Avenger" was also found on Barbers Point Naval Air Station, Hawaii. The aircraft was recovered by QuestMasters and is seen prior to disassembly for shipment. This aircraft served with a training squadron on Barbers Point Naval Air Station, Hawaii U.S.A., until a young U.S. Navy Ensign "ground-looped" the ill-fated plane (his third and yes final crash). The Ensign was unhurt but the aircraft was struck from inventory due to extreme damage. This TBM-1C sat for 50 years in the runway bushes of Barbers Point NAS until recovered in the mid-1990''s. QuestMasters Artillery Country Germany Type 10,5cm 105mm LFH 18 Manufacturer Krupp Year 1940 Serial Number 17 Country Germany Type 7,5cm 75mm PAK 40 Maker Not Available Year 1944 Serial Number Not Available Country Germany Type 2cm 20mm FLAK 38 Maker Not Available Year 1944 Serial Number Not Available United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy BomberB-24J-155-CO-44-40332 CREW LISTWayne R. Kimble, 2nd Lt., Pilot - K.I.A.William E. Somsel Jr., 2nd Lt., Co-Pilot - K.I.A.Charles E. Mueller, 2nd Lt., Navigator - K.I.A.Morris Righthand, 2nd Lt., Bombardier - K.I.A.Jack J. Dowd, Staff Sgt., Gunner - K.I.A.Marion F. Norman, Staff Sgt., Gunner - K.I.A.James H. Means, Sgt., Gunner - K.I.A.Manual F. Campos, Cpl., Gunner - K.I.A.Gerald L. Weiss, Cpl., Gunner - K.I.A.Joseph J. Carlucci, Cpl., Gunner - K.I.A. This is a Motor Products hydraulic nose turret that will be used in this restoration project. This specific turret was found in a scrap yard in Macon, GA. The original nose turret for this B-24J was recovered but was destroyed beyond repair. During 1943-1944 the Consolidated San Diego factory ran out of Emerson electric nose turrets for their B-24J’s. A quick modification found the remaining B-24J’s made in San Diego with tail turrets mounted on the front of the aircraft (with the replacement of the nose turret electric systems with hydraulic systems). This production modification was only conducted at the Consolidated San Diego factory. Many earlier B-24s with "Green House" noses were converted using a very similar principal. This is the center fuselage section (frames 5.1 to 7.1) of B-24L-20-FO-44-50022. This B-24, recovered from Canada, was originaly built by the Ford Motor Company in Willow Run, Dearborn Michigan. This aircraft was transferred to the Royal Canadian Air Force as Liberator Mk VIII and served briefly with the R.C.A.F. until the end of the war (note production A.A.F. markings over painted with R.C.A.F. markings). After the war this B-24 was scrapped in Canada. This section will be used in the restoration of B-24J-155-CO-44-40332. This is the Martin 250 upper turret. This turret was also recovered from a scrap yard in Macon, GA. for the restoration of this B-24J. The original M-250 upper turret from this aircraft was completely destroyed, but was recovered. The original turret was manufactured by "MAYTAG". After World War Two Maytag produced washing machines. This is the starboard nose section of this B-24J (frames 0.1 to 0.3). This is where 2nd Lt. Charles E. Mueller and 2nd Lt. Morris Righthand lost their lives. The severity of the crash can be clearly seen. The fragment to the extreme left is the front frame (0.1) for entry into the nose turret (missing door). The fragment in the extreme bottom of the photo is the armored plate with B-7 mount for the Norden Bombsight. The C-1 Bombsight Stabilizer was recovered from the crash site, but the Bombsight was missing. On the outside of the aircraft skin is the hand painted Consolidated build number 4268. This is the port nose section of this B-24J (frames 0.1 to 0.2). The extreme right fragment shows the entry frame to the nose turret with door attached. The extreme top fragment is the Astro-Dome for the Astro-Compass. The Astro-Compass was used for nighttime navigation. The following pictures are other B-24 parts that have been recovered for the restoration of this B-24 aircraft.In the center of the left photo is the Nose Landing Gear Wheel.This wheel utilized a 36 Inch S.C. 10 ply tire. United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber COCKPIT PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber COCKPIT PARTS Stations (Frames) 1.0 through 3.0 - Pilot and Co-Pilot Pilot control wheel assembly with control wheel attached, left photo.Co-Pilot control wheel assembly, missing wheel and internal parts, right photo. Pilot (left) and Co-Pilot (right) Auxiliary Instrument Panels, left photo. Pilots Instrument Panel: (3) Type E-4 Hydraulic Pressure Gages, (1) AN-G-24 Suction Gage and Pilot vent. Co-Pilot Instrument Panel: (2) AN-5795-6 Carburetor Gages and Co-Pilot Vent.Right photo, Top Row (L to R): Radio Compass Control Indicator with mount (used only on early B-24''s), Turbo Boost Selector, Radio Compass and Mount. Bottom Row (L to R) Engine Switch Panel - Starter and Primer Switches (Co-Pilot side of cockpit), BC-451 Command Radio Control Box (mounted on Pedestal Assembly), Fast Feathering Switch for No. 4 Engine, and switch from Pedestal Mount. Pilot Seat (left photo). Pilot Seat is missing head rest, head rest cushion, back cushion, seat cushion and complete knee pad and support.Co-Pilot Seat (right photo). Complete with floor track attached. Missing head rest cushion, back rest cushion, seat cushion, arm rest upholstery and knee pad upholstery. Pilot left and right Rudder Pedals with cockpit floor, left photo.Co-Pilot right Rudder Pedal with cockpit floor, right photo. Pilot cockpit enclosure vent window, missing plexiglass, left photo. Shown from inside of window.Co-Pilot cockpit enclosure vent window, right photo. Shown from outside of window. Co-Pilot fuse box, left photo. Missing fuses and cover. Mounted on Co-Pilot side of fuselage.BC- 434 Radio Control Box (top), BC-450 Radio Control Box (bottom), right photo. Mounted on the cockpit enclosure center frame. BC-765 Radio Switchbox, left photo. This box was used to destroy the "special radio" equipment on the B-24 so that it would not be captured by the enemy. Located above the instrument panel below the windscreen.Spare Pilot or Co-Pilot cockpit floor, right photo. Note markings for Rudder Pedal settings. Instrument panel support assembly, above photo. The support assembly, was the lower part of the instrument panel and allowed the attachment of the Auxiliary Instrument Panels and Control Wheel Assemblies. The above photo shows the pilot section of the support, with oxygen gages attached and the rear of the co-pilot support assembly. Four Oxygen Regulator Mounts (left photo). Each mount contained one Type A-12 or A-12A Oxygen Regulator,AN 6021-1 Oxygen Pressure Gage and AN 6029-1 Oxygen Flow Indicator. One mount was located on either side of the Pilot and Co-Pilot.Seven BC-366 Radio Jack Boxes (right photo). The BC-366 Jack Box was used to connect the microphone and headset to the radio system. Only two BC-366 Jack Boxes would have been used in the B-24 cockpit. The other five will be used in other areas of the B-24 during this restoration. Six Type Q-1B Heated Flight Suit Rheostat (left photo). Only two Q-1B''s would be used in the cockpit, the other four will be used in other areas of the B-24 during this restoration.Operating Instructions For AN/ARN-7 Radio Plate (right photo). This plate was located next to the BC-450 Radio Control Box mounted on the cockpit enclosure center frame. United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber COCKPIT PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber COCKPIT PARTS Stations (Frames) 3.0 through 4.1 - Radio Operator and Top Turret Radio Operator Table with BC-348 Liaison Radio Receiver, AN-3047 Work Table Light Assembly, J-37 Morse Code Key and Radio Operator''s Information File. J-37 Morse Code Key and Monitor Switch, left photo. Note original "RADIO CALL" number 449157 painted below switch. This Radio Table was removed from Ford B-24L-1-FO-44-49157.BC-348 Liaison Radio Receiver with FT-154 Receiver Mount, right photo. BC-306 Antenna Tuning Unit with FT-142 Antenna Tuning Unit Mount, left photo.PE-73 Dynamotor Unit with FT-107 Dynamotor Mount, right photo. Fuel Sight Gage, left photo.Main Fuel Tank Selectors Panel, right photo. Power Panel Switch Box Cover with (4) Type E-1 Amperage Gages, left photo. Missing Power Switch Box GK32E1043and Type B-1 Voltmeter.Trailing Antenna, right photo. FT-470 Mounting (Top), M235 Antenna Wire (Left), RL-42 Antenna Reel (Right) Radio Operator Seat Support Assembly (Above). Bombardier''s seat assembly (left photo). This style of seat was only used on early B-24''s with the "greenhouse" style nose. This seat is very similar to the Radio Operator''s seat assembly, and this seat will be used with the support pictured above. BC-221 Frequency Meter (left photo).TM 11-300AE BC-211 Manual datedAugust 7th 1943(right photo). United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber TAIL PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber TAIL PARTS Stations (Frames) 4.4 through 6.0 - Command Deck BC-357 Radio Receiver with FT-161 Mount and CD-365 Cord, left photoBC-453, BC-454 and BC-455 Radio Receiver with FT-220 Radio Rack, right photo. FT-220 Rack is missing the FT-221 Mount. BC-457 Radio Transmitter with FT-226 Radio Rack. The FT-226 Radio Rack is missing the BC-459 Radio Transmitter andFT-227 Radio Rack Mount. BC-645 Radio Receiver and Transmitter, left photo. The BC-645 is missing the FT-255 Radio Mount.Tag attached to BC-645 states: "THIS EQUIPMENT HAS BEEN ALIGNED WITH DUMMY DESTROYERS INSTALLED IN THE BASE. FREQUENCY ADJUSTMENTS SHOULD ALWAYS BE MADE WITH REAL OR DUMMY DESTROYERS INSTALLED, bottom right photo. BK-22 Relay Station, left photo.PE-101 Dynamotor Unit, right photo. PE-101 Dynamotor is missing the FT-255 Mount. TU-5 Radio Transmitter Tuning Unit, left photo.TU-10 Radio Transmitter Tuning Unit, right photo. TU-26 Radio Transmitter Tuning Unit, left photo. Bomb Hoist with handle. United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber NOSE PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber NOSE PARTS Stations (Frames) 0 through 1.1 - Bombardier and Navigator Station Type M-9 Norden Bomb Sight on original shipping mount, left photo. M-9 Bomb Sight nomenclature plate, right photo. This Bomb Sight was made by the Victor Adding Machine Company. Type A-1 Astrograph with storage case, left photo. The Astrograph used translucent maps of the constellations.These maps allowed the Navigator to plot a course at night. Also shown in the photo are spare bulbs and tools that were stored in the Astrograph case. The Type A-1 Astrograph was used with the MK II Astrocompass.Type B-5 Drift Meter, right photo. Type B-3A Bomb Release, left photo.Navigator''s Astrodome Window, right photo. MK II Astrocompass with storage box, left photo.Bombardiers heater assembly, right photo. This heater was made by The Stewart Warner Corporation. Nose Landing Gear Leg and Support Arms, left photo.Nose Landing Gear Doors, above photo.The B-24 Liberator was produced with two styles of Nose Landing Gear Doors, inward opening and outward opening.Port inward opening door, extreme left; and three starboard outward opening doors, right. Nose Landing Gear Hydraulic Leg Operating Assembly, above photo. The B-24 used only one hydraulic assembly per aircraft.- Nose Landing Gear Parts -Left photo, top to bottom, left to right:Support Arm Pivot, Door Bearing (for outward opening door), Port Door Opening Housing (for inward opening doors), Door Opening Arms (for left and right outward opening doors) and two Leg Scissors (only one would be used per aircraft). United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber TAIL PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber TAIL PARTS Stations (Frames) 6.1 through 10Ball Turret, Waist Guns and Tail Turret Type E-13 Gun Mount Adapter for left and right waist guns. The Type E-13 Adapter held the M-2 .50 caliber Machine Gun in the Type K-7 Side Gun Mount with C-19A Mount Adapter. The E-13 Adapter utilized the Type K-13 Compensating Gun Sight. This configuration was used in late B-24 Liberators that were produced with enclosed waist gun positions. Waist or Side Gun Ammunition Box, left and right photo. One ammunition box was provided per gun and contained 600 rounds of .50 caliber ammunition. The white label states: EMERGENCY, TO REMOVE AMMUNITION BOX, PULL HINGE PIN AFT, LIFT EDGE OF BOX AND REMOVE. The ammunition box in the left photo is show with a portion of the feed chute attached. Tail Turret Ammunition Boxes, left and right photo.These boxes were stacked just aft of the waist gun position and fed the tail turret via a long rigid feed chute. Tail Turret Hydraulic System, left photo. Missing from the system is the Hydraulic Turret Pump Motor.Main Entrance Door Installation, right photo. Mounted in Station 7.4 - 7.6. Hanger and Retraction Cylinder Assembly for the Type A-13 Ball Turret, left photo. Spare Parts Box for A-13 Ball Turret, above center photo.Spare Parts Box, inside view, above right photo. The spare parts box held extra fuses and brushes that may be needed for replacement during flight. Type LP-21 ADF "Football" Radio Antenna (left photo).This antenna was originally black, with stenciling "Do Not Paint". Contrary to instruction, this antenna has been painted silver with unit markings applied. It will be restored, when mated to the fuselage, in it''s original war-time flat-black finish.LP-21 Dehydrator, Loop Antenna (right photo). The LP-21 Dehydrator was used to draw moisture away from the LP-21 Antenna. The attachment brackets are also shown. Left photo: Inverter Transmitter Assembly Box, Tail Turret Power Switch Box and Inverter Transmitter Assembly Box.The Inverter Transmitter Assembly Box is located under the Radio Operator''s floor near Station (Frame) 3.1. Only one Inverter Transmitter Assembly Box was used per aircraft.Right photo: Unknown electrical box cover and unknown fuselage access panel, top row.Fuze Box Cover (Station 4.0), Bomb Release Signal Tail Light Shield and Wing Access Plate, center row.Wing Landing Light Relay Box Assembly Cover, bottom row. United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber WING PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber WING PARTS B-24 Main Landing Gear Tire with Hub Cap, left photo.The B-24 Liberator used a 56 Inch S.C. 16 ply tire with tube for the Main Landing Gear. This example was made by theRoyal Aircraft Tire Company. B-24 Main Landing Gear Tire with Hub , left photo.This example was made by the BF Goodrich Tire Company. B-24 Main Landing Gear Tire with Hub , left photo.This example was made by the Good Year Tire Company. Fairing Assembly - Wing Streamlined Wheel (left photo). This was mounted on the bottom of the wing, behind the landing gear wheel.Starboard Main Landing Gear Door (right photo). Port side Main Landing Gear Leg (left photo).Starboard side Main Landing Gear Leg(right photo). Main Landing Gear wing attachment parts (left photo). Other wing parts (right photo). Main Landing Gear Wheel Brake Assembly.(left photo).Two brake assemblies were used on each wheel. United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber BOMB BAY PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber BOMB BAY PARTS Stations (Frames) 4.0 through 6.0 - Bomb Bay Bomb racks (left and right photo). Two racks were located on each side of the bomb bay. Bomb Bay Doors, inside view (upper left and right photo, and above lower left and right photo). Bomb Bay Door damage, possibly from wartime anti-aircraft United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber ENGINE PARTS United States Consolidated B-24 Heavy Bomber ENGINE PARTS Cowl Flap (left photo). Cowl Panel (right photo). Engine parts (left photo). Oil tanks (right photo). One oil tank was mounted behind each engine on the B-24. United States Heavy Bomber Carry-On Equipment HEAVY BOMBER CARRY- ON EQUIPMENT Type A-4 Walk Around Oxygen Bottle with AN 6022-1 Regulator (left photo). Close-up of decal on Type A-4 bottle (right photo). This bottle was specifically made for the B-24 Liberator and has a part number of 32F24125. Type E-1 Bombardier''s Case (left photo). Type E-2 Bombardier''s Case (right photo). Type A-4 Navigator''s Dead Reckoning Case (left photo). Type A-6 Celestial Navigation Case (right photo). Type A-10A Sextant (left photo). Type AN 5854-1 Sextant (right photo). Pilot''s Navigation Kit (left photo). B-24 Flight Check List and B-24 Load Adjuster with case (right photo). Type A-1 Aircraft Food Container (left photo). Type FTG-3-1 Food Tray Galley (right photo). Type E-5 Emergency Sustenance Kit (left photo). Oil tanks (right photo). AN-R-2A One-Man Life Raft Parachute Kit (right photo). Type K-20 Aircraft Camera (left photo). Type A-14 Oxygen Mask with Storage Box and Stowage/Carry Bag (right photo). AN 6511-1 Seat Type Parachute Pack (left photo). Shipping boxes for .50 caliber ammunition (right photo). Ammunition for aircraft machine-guns was usually pre-linked when shipped. Ammunition would be removed from the shipping crate, carried onto the aircraft and stowed in the onboard ammunition boxes. AN-CRN-1 Navigation Buoy. The AN-CRN-1 was a low frequency buoy used for homing purposes on pre-set frequencies between 1400-1750KC by aircraft equipped with any production model of Radio Compass SCR-269. This system keyed at a rate of 180 times a minute and interrupted every thirty seconds by a signal code letter which may be either K, M, O, Q, X or Y. The SCR-578-B Gibson Girl radio set was the primary aircraft survival radio set used during World War Two. This system was used for survival communications when an aircrew was forced out of their aircraft. It had a reported range of 50 to 300 miles, dependent upon conditions affecting radio transmission. The nick-name Gibson Girl was given to this radio set due to its'' feminine curvy shape. The BC-778-D, or AN-CRT-3, radio set shown in the left photo is a crystal controlled radio that operates in the 500KC, Kilo Cycle range (known as Kilo Hertz/KHz today) and 8280KC International Maritime Frequency range. The 8280KC range was determined by the Joint Chiefs of Staff as the world-wide Air Sea Rescue Frequency. Oxygen bottle for oxy-acetylene welding set (left photo). This bottle was used by ground personnel for repairing aircraft. The center photo shows property markings: U.S. ARMY and AIR FORCES. The right photo shows bottle type: ICC-3A2260 H170928, W D (War Department) and dated 2 43 (February 1943). United States Heavy Bomber Carry-On Equipment United States Heavy Bomber Carry-On Equipment Type H-1 Emergency Bail Out Oxygen Bottle (left photo). This is one of the few examples of wartime aircraft equipment being marked U.S. AIRFORCE vice U.S. Army Air Force. Aircraft Instrument and Machine Gun Lubricating Oil can (right photo). Type B-2 Jungle Emergency Parachute Back Pad (left photo).This kit contained a Type E-3A Emergency Sustenance Kit, 2 Carlisle First Aid Kits, Folding Machete, Pocket Compass, Waterproof Match Container, Mosquito Lotion, 1 Box of 20 rounds of .45 caliber ammunition plus other items. Survival Food items (right photo).Type C; Ration Biscuits, Type C Ration Can, Wrigley''s Juicy Fruit Gum, Wrigley''s Doublemint Gum, Beech-Nut Gum, Malted Milk Tablets 1oz., Hershey''s Tropical Chocolate 2oz., Hershey''s Tropical Chocolate 1oz.,Nestle''s All-Weather Chocolate 2oz., Type D Ration 2oz., Type D Ration 4oz., Life Raft Ration Container, Cryst-O-Mint Lifesavers and Beech-Nut Rummies Survival Items (left photo).Emergency Fishing Kit container, Emergency Fishing Kit, Type JJ-1 Sea Water Desalting Kit, Type & A Life Boat Ration, Air Crew Lunch box and Emergency Ration. Tobacco Items (right photo).Chesterfield Cigarette Carton (10 packs of cigarettes), Camel Cigarette Carton (10 packs of cigarettes),4 packages of pre-1942 Lucky Strike Cigarettes, & Phillip Morris Cigarette Package and Chelsea Cigarette Page from a Type K Ration. The Lucky Strike Cigarette Package was changed from green to white between 1942 and 1943 to save green dye for other war production items. Signal Drift, Day, AN-MK-1 (top, left photo).Signal Drift AN-MK-IV (bottom left photo).These devices were used as a navigational aid over water for determining drift. These devices could also be used for marking a life raft position temporarily, when a longer burning smoke was not available. Type F-2 Utility Heater (left photo). This heater was used for heating aircraft components during cold weather operations. Type K-2 and Type K-3 (C-3A) Inter-Aircraft Control Lamp Assemblies (right photo).These lamps were used to signal from one aircraft to another. Type A-3 Headlight Flashlight Assembly (left photo). Type 42D4499 Ultra-Violet Headlight Flashlight Assembly (right photo).The Type 42D4499 Assembly was used to illuminate switches and gages during low light or night time flying operations. Type A-5 Inspection Flashlight Lamp Assembly (left photo). Army Air Force 5 gallon gasoline cans (left photo). Two variations of gasoline cans are shown marked: PROPERTY AIR FORCE U.S.A. (United States Army), above top and bottom right photo. Container, Liquid, Heat Insulated, 1 Gallon (left photo).Container, Liquid, Heat Insulated, 2 Gallon (right photo). Kit, First Aid, Jungle (left photo). This first aid kit was used for aircraft flying over jungle areas. United States Army Air Force Cargo Pilot AIR TRANSPORT COMMAND This Type A-2 Flight Jacket belonged to Captain August J. Kieser, USAAF. "Gus", as his friends call him, was born on February 11th, 1921. He entered the service in 1942 from New York. He received his training and went on to fly C-87 "Liberator Express" Cargo Aircraft with theA.T.C. in Tezpur, India from December 1944 to May 1945. During this time frame "Gus" logged over 750 Hours and 75 “Hump” Missions to China. The blue paint on the sleeves of the jacket are from when Gus painted his house after World War Two while wearing this jacket. On the left sleeve of the A-2 Jacket is the C.B.I. patch. This multi-piece patch was hand made in Tezpur, India in 1944. On the right sleeve of the A-2 Jacket is the A.A.F. patch. This multi-piece patch was hand made in Tezpur, India in 1944. On the left chest of the A-2 Jacket is a hand made name tape. The name tape was written in three different languages. This patch was hand made in Tezpur, India in 1944. This Type A-2 Flight Jacket was made by the MONARCH MFG CO. under contract W535A.C-23378. This is a photo of Captain Kieser wearing the A-2 Jacket in India, 1944-1945. Note the unofficial A.T.C. patch on the jacket and the privately purchased, non-regulation boots. "Gus" had these made in Brazil when he was passing through to Africa/Asia. Also note the other A-2 with "Blood Chit" on the chair next to "Gus". This jacket belonged to the gentleman taking the photo. This is the un-official A.T.C. patch. "Gus" removed this patch from his A-2 after the war, so that it could be displayed in his office. This patch was also made in Tezpur, India in 1944. This is the exact patch seen in the photo above. This patch will be re-applied to the A-2. This is one of the other patches that "Gus" had. It is a multi-piece squadron patch made for the India China Wing Air Transport Command. This patch was also made in Tezpur, India in 1944. This is the inside view of the hat that is on display with Captain Kieser''s A-2 Jacket. This hat was made by the "Streamline Company" of Los Angeles California. It is marked "FLIGHT CAP" for specific sale to Army Air Force Officers. This hat was specifically made with the "crushed" look, preferred by Army Air Force pilots. This is not an issue hat, but rather one privately purchased by service members. United States Army Air Force Cargo Pilot AIR TRANSPORT COMMAND August J. Kieser U.S. Army Air Force Cargo PilotAIR TRANSPORT COMMAND - A.T.C. China-Burma-India Theater 1944-1945 The is one of the pictures from Gus'' photo album. The original hand written caption read "50 CHINKS CHENGTU". These are Chinese soldiers that were being transported via C-87. Note the C-87 in the background with tail number 228. Also noteworthy are the civilian trucks unloading cargo from the front and side of the C-87. This photo is a C-47 in Chinese markings. U.S. and Chinese soldiers are in the foreground. Gus could not remember why he circled the man in the door. Here is a photo of Gus sitting on a surf board in Accra, British West Africa. Gus flew C-47s and C-46s for the A.T.C. in Accra from July 3 - Dec 26 1944. The non-regulation flight boots were made in Brazil. Note the issue summer pith helmet with Officers'' insignia. This is one of the pages from Gus'' pilot logbook. Note the various aircraft and tail numbers. In the A.T.C., C.B.I. cargo pilots were not assigned to specific aircraft. On this page Gus flew both C-87s and C-109s. This is another page for Gus'' pilot log. Note the entry on March 30th 1945 "HIT CHINK". During the take-off taxi, a local Chinese civilian ran in front of Gus'' C-87. The propeller blade killed the civilian. Gus recalled that some of the Chinese civilians that worked on the runway believed that running in front of the aircraft would pull the evil spirits away into the propellers. Many Chinese civilians were killed during this practice. United States Cargo GMC Truck 2 1/2 Ton G-508 Type: Truck, Cargo, LWB, 2 1/2 Ton, 6x6Government Number: G-508Model: CCKW 353Manufacturer: Yellow Truck & Coach Mfg Co. (Division of the General Motors Company, Pontiac Michigan) Date of Delivery: September 1942Serial Number: 189590Maintenance Manual: TM 9-801 Truck Details: Weight: Net 11,250 lbs., Payload 5,000 lbs., Gross 15,050 lbs. Ground Clearance: 10 inches Tires: 7.50 x 20 Split ring rim United States Waco CG-15A Glider United States Waco CG-15A Glider A.A.F. Serial Number: Unknown The Waco CG-15A Glider was the late war improvement of the earlier Waco CG-4A Glider. Three of the improvements made in the CG-15A was the use of stronger and thicker tubing for crew protection during landing, the addition of pilot/co-pilot doors in the cockpit for disembarkation after landing and the increased windscreen area which afforded the crew a better field of vision during flight and landing. CG-15A Glider in Europe (note the German aircraft in the background), left photo.CG-15A Glider being loaded/unloaded with a 1/4 Ton Truck, right photo. CG-15A Glider tow and radio connection, left photo. CG-15A Glider data plates, left top and bottom photos. Both plates are mounted above the center inside cockpit window frame. Waco CG-15 Specifications and Production Info: Type: Troop/Cargo Glider Payload: Ferrying/Troop Condition: 16 (Pilot/Co-Pilot plus 14 Troops) Jeep Condition: Pilot/Co-Pilot, 4 Troops plus Jeep Howitzer Condition: Pilot/Co-Pilot, 3 Gun Crew plus 75mm Gun Litter Condition: Pilot/Co-Pilot plus 6 Patients Specifications: Length: 48'' 10"Wingspan: 62'' 2.25"Empty Weight: 4000 lbs. Max Weight: 8035 lbs. Maximum At Takeoff Max Towing Speed: 180 mph Production: 1944/1945Total Aircraft Produced: XCG-15 (1), XCG-15A (2), CG-15A (875)Known Serial Numbers:45-5276 through 45-5660 CG-15A (385)45-12743 through 45-12784 CG-15A (42)45-12785 through 45-13232 CG-15A (448) United States Waco CG-4A Glider United States Waco CG-4A Hadrian Glider A.A.F. Serial Number: Unknown CG-4A Glider Cockpit, above photo. This cockpit has been used as a source of spare tubing for some time. The bottom section of the cockpit has been removed as well as the rear seat area and top tubing. CG-4A Glider Cockpit, above photo. Rear view of the glider cockpit. The Pilot and Co-Pilot seat support area remains intact with the seat belt D Rings still attached. The instrument panel support tubing also remains intact. This cockpit section does not appear to have had a Griswold Nose Crash Protection System United States Clark Airborne Bulldozer CA-1 Type: Airborne Bulldozer (Tractor Crawler) Government Number: G-XXX Model: CA-1Manufacturer: Clark Equipment Company Buchanan, Michigan Date of Delivery: March 25th 1944 Serial Number: 441475Registration Number: 9113429Maintenance Manual: TM 5-3020. Left side of the CA-1. The original side mounted stowage boxes are missing, as well as many small parts. The front blade is held in place with a section of chain due to loss of hydraulic pressure. Rear view of the CA-1, left picture. The original rear mounted winch is missing. Clark Equipment Company nomenclature plate, left picture. This plate is located on the right side of the engine compartment, just behind the blade. The original color of the plate was silver on green. Waukesha Motor Company nomenclature plate, right photo. This plate is located on the left side of the engine, just below the head. Auxiliary Shipping Name Plate, left picture. This plate is mounted under the Clark nomenclature plate. This style of plate was added to vehicles for overseas shipment. Corps of Engineers nomenclature plate. This plate is mounted on the rear of the front blade. The original Army registration number is visible on the right side of the hood. The only numbers still visible are "11342".The registration number "9113429" would have been painted on both sides of the hood. The Clark CA-1 Bulldozer was designed to be delivered by air. The left picture shows a CA-1 loaded for delivery by Glider Borne troops. The right picture shows a CA-1loaded for delivery by a C-47.This specific C-47 is painted in Normandy; air recognition markings for the invasion of France, June 1944.The CA-1 was used in the European and Pacific Theaters. Clark CA-1 Production Info: The following is a partial list of the Contract Numbers, Clark Serial Numbers and Army Registration Numbers for the Clark CA-1. The Clark Serial Number can be broken down to the following: Example: CA-1(Vehicle Type)43(Year of Production)162(Vehicle Number) Contract No. W-145-A eng.-511Tractor Serial No. CA-1431 to No. CA-143162 (162 Vehicles Produced) Army Registration No. 953463 to 953624Contract No. W-1088 eng. (MSP)-2460Tractor Serial No. CA-143193 to No. CA-143228 (135 Vehicles Produced) Army Registration No. 977511 to 977546Contract No. W-1088 eng. 2155Tractor Serial No. CA-143229 to No. CA-1431015 (716 Vehicles Produced) Army Registration No. 963300 to 964086Contract No. W-1088 eng. 2165Tractor Serial No. CA-1431016 to No. CA-1431121 (205 Vehicles Produced) Army Registration No. 963144 to 963249 German Afrika Korps Pioneer (Engineer) North Africa 1941 U.S. Army Engineer Special Brigade - Omaha Beach Normandy France June 6th 1944 U.S. Army Engineer Special Brigade - ESB Omaha Beach - Normandy France June 6th 1944 The Engineer Special Brigade or ESB was organized in England from existing Engineer Combat Groups to support the landings and subsequent supply operations over Omaha Beach during the Normandy landings. The ESB Engineers found themselves helping out the assault troops in the early fighting for Omaha Beach. The uniform set shown to the left is from the 5th or 6th ESB unit that fought in the DOG and CHARLIE sector of Omaha Beach Normandy. The M-1 flex bail helmet has the 5th/6th ESB white arc painted over the ESB insignia. A black rubber M-5 Assault gas mask is suspended from the soldiers neck. This soldier wears a Flannel OD issue shirt under his M-1941 Field Jacket. His M-1928 khaki haversack supports a M-1923 M-1 Garand Cartridge Belt, M-1916 Pistol Holster with M-1911 .45 cal. Pistol, three Mk II Fragmentation Hand Grenades and One CN-DM Gas Hand Grenade. Around the waist of this soldier is the USN made Duel Type Invasion Life Belt. Additionally this soldier carries two spare bandoleers for 8 clips of .30-06 M-1 Rifle ammunition. Reverse view of the ESB uniform showing a white horizontal band on the rear of the M-1 Helmet for NCO’s (Non Commissioned Officers). The reverse of the M-1923 Haversack shows the M-1 Bayonet with M-7 Scabbard on the left side, M-1910 Entrenching Tool with carrier and stowed M-1942 Mess Kit. Suspended from this soldiers M-1923 Cartridge Belt is a M-1910 Canteen and a M-1942 First Aid Kit. On the left side of the ESB uniform is a bag that contains Demolition Chain Blocks of M-1 High Explosive. This is a close-up view of the ESB uniform with the Demolition Bag being show. This bag was made of olive cotton material. Espria, Italy 1943/1944Espria, Italy lies on the western flank of Monte Cassino, between Naples and Rome. This area was the focal point of the French Expeditionary Corps during the Allied drive toward Monte Cassino during late 1943 through early 1944. The F.E.C. was primarily comprised of Moroccan soldiers. These Moroccan soldiers were specifically chosen for operations in Espria for their mountain fighting ability. The Moroccan soldiers fought swiftly and surgically in this campaign. The summit above Espria is home to a Middle-Age Monastery, which is now in ruins. This area was occupied by the German Army and was used as an observation point for the western control of the Winter Line. QuestMaster Jonny Reb& Ray is pointing eastward toward Monte Cassino. This photo illustrates how well this mountain top controlled much of the movement in the Lire Valley. This photo shows QuestMasters conducting archeology work within the ruins. Several U.S. .30-06 caliber fired projectiles were found in the soft-face of the Monastery slopes, as well as a vintage Coca-Cola bottle and one German 5 liter gas can. Additionally, on the road leading to the summit, a German gas mask carrier, a German 5cm 3 round mortar carrier and a World War One German 8cm Trench Art shell casing was found. Untied States SCR-578-B Gibson Girl Radio Set Untied States SCR-578-B Gibson Girl Radio Set BG-155-A Bag and M-390-A Parachute (left photo). The BG-155-A Bag held the entire SCR-578-BRadio Set.BC-778-D, or AN-CRT-3 Radio Set (right photo). T-69F/AMT-2 Radiosonde Transmitter, M-278-A Hydrogen Balloons (2 balloons were used in this set to fly the kite mast), M-308-B Signal Lamp (head mounted) and Flashlight (left photo).M-357-A Kite Assembly (used to fly the antenna), M-315 Hydrogen Generator Inflation Tubes and the Kite and Tube Storage Bag (right photo). M-315 Hydrogen Generator Containers (left photo).The M-315 Hydrogen Generator was used to inflate the M-278 Balloons. Pill Box Glyfada, Greece Herculanium Italy Herculanium Italy Herculanium, Italy lies to the southwest of the Italian volcano, Mount Vesuvius. During the year 79 A.D. Mount Vesuvius erupted, showering the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculanium with molten rock and ash burying the two cities for almost 2000 years. Archeology work is still being conducted to reveal covered portions of the two cities. QuestMasters visited this famous city in 1998. QuestMasters has added this section to the Quest page for this specific photo. The emblem most frequently associated with Nazi Germany is the Swastika. This symbol was actually used several thousand years prior to the reign of the Third Reich. The left photo, taken in Herculanium, is a Greek cross with the ends of arms bent at counterclockwise right angles. This symbol was used as a sign of good luck, and was usually placed in the main doorway of a home or building as done in the left photo. The symbol of Nazi Germany was very similar, but was the exact mirror image with the arms bending clockwise. QuestMasters Home Page Welcome to QuestMasters - The foundation for the recovery and preservation of World War Two memorabilia for posterity. History of our Quest: The idea behind QuestMasters started during a recovery trip in Europe. After a long truck ride we realized that we were not only recovering and restoring World War Two memorabilia, but also going to the ends of the earth to do it. Hence - this is our Quest. Why we Quest? The Second World War lasted for over 6 years. For the United States, we were completely unprepared. Civilian companies quickly transformed into the American war machine. Small companies like Maytag, the washing machine company, made gun turrets for heavy bombers; Rock-Ola, a pin ball machine company, made rifles; Goodyear, the tire company, made fighter aircraft; Cadillac, the automobile company, made tank destroyers...and on and on. Farmboys, teachers, business men, barbers - men and women alike gave up their everyday jobs to put on a uniform, to fight for their country. They went to far-off lands, some unmapped - to fight and die. There was rationing and recycling. All gave some, and some gave all. Valor was a common virtue. And that is where we find ourselves, the children of a culture, responsible for the history of the sacrifice they made for us. Our goal: Our goal is the preservation of World War Two history. In the not too distant future, the breaths of those who were there making the history will no longer be able to tell the story. History is normally written by the victor, but this was a World War. It affected every country and every person, Allied and Axis. So, our focus is just that, to preserve the story, from both sides. It is our responsibility to tell their story. German Infantry Cart 18 German Type: Trailer 2 Wheel, Infantry, Hand Model: Unknown Manufacturer: Unknown Serial Number: Unknown This German trailer was recovered from Germany. The model or type is currently unknown. It is slightly larger than the Infantry Field Kart 8 (IF8 or JF8). The restoration of this cart (kart) was done in Germany. The original tires are present on the cart. The size of the tires is 3.50-19. Both tires are made by the Continental Tire Company. United States Navy Pratt Read LNE-1 Glider Trainer United States Navy Pratt Read LNE-1 Glider Trainer Aircraft LNE-1 Glider Mfg: Pratt Read & Co. Inc., Gould Aero. Div., Deep River ConnecticutMfg’s Model No.: PR-G1 Serial Number: 52U.S. Navy Serial Number: LNE-1 BuNo 31556U.S. Army Serial Number: TG-32-PR-43-39557Date Produced: 23 March 1943Maximum Glide or Dive Speed: 86 Knots; Wingspan: 54’ 6”; Length: 26’ 3”History:In 1943, a contract was ordered for 100 Type LNE-1 Gliders for the U.S. Navy from the Gould Aero Division of the Pratt Read Company. The LNE-1 was a two seat glider trainer. The proposed design was made for the training of Navy/Marine Corps glider pilots to land Marines in the Pacific during World War Two. The Navy glider program was quickly disbanded, as glider landings in the Pacific during WWII was not practical and 73 LNE-1’s were transferred to the United States Army Air Force. These LNE-1''s were re-designated TG-32''s. All 73 TG-32’s were put into storage at Souther Field, Americus Georgia through the end of WWII and sold through the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. By 1944, the LNE-1''s (now turned into U.S.A.A.F. TG-32''s) were selling for $500 (FOB Americus GA). The price could be reduced if the buyer went to Americus, assembled the glider at Souther Field, and flew it away as a complete aircraft. The only thing left behind was the shipping crate. These crates were then sold to local African-American share croppers who would use them for components of their houses. Markings/Paint: The LNE-1 had a fabric covered forward metal frame with wooden wings and tail. The vertical stabilizer. LNE-1 was painted in black on both sides of the rudder. No national insignia has been noted to have been painted on either side of the wings. When the LNE-1 Gliders were transferred to the U.S.A.A.F. the aircraft remained painted in Navy yellow with the addition of A.A.F. serial number painted on the shipping crate. The LNE-1/TG-32''s were not uncrated by the U.S.A.A.F. The instrument panel was painted black. Interior cockpit was painted “interior green” to include the plywood seats. Release knob was painted red. Several LNE-1’s have been noted with black group markings painted forward of “U.S.NAVY” on the tail boom.LNE-1 BuNo 31556 still retains the original nose tire, release knob, control sticks and rudder pedals. The fabric covering, windows and plywood seats have long since rotted away. Known serial number range:XLNE-1 BuNo 31505 - 31506LNE-1 BuNo 31507 - 31585 (Contract cancelled at Serial Number 31580)andBuNo 34115 - 34134 (Not Delivered) Army Air Force Serial Numbers: TG-32-PR 43-39509 - 43-39578 and 43-43329 - 43-43331Known surviving examples:#31506 Factory prototype: Wings of Eagles Discovery Center, Elmira Corning Regional Airport, NY.#31508 (The first TG-32): Under restoration for flight-status at Tehachapi, CA.#31509 Cockpit Only: In private storage in California.#31518: Under restoration: Seattle Museum of Flight in Renton, WA.#31521: THE ONLY AIRWORTHY LNE-1: Scott Airpark in Lovettsville VA.#31523: In storage: National Museum of the United States Air Force Dayton, OH.#31525 Cockpit Only: In private storage in California.#31527: Under restoration for flight status: Sandhill Crane Soaring, Richmond Field Gregory, MI.#31537: On public display: Hoosier Warbird Museum, DeKalb Regional Airport Auburn, IN#31540: In storage: Southern Museum of Flight in Birmingham, AL.#31542 In storage: Silent Wings Museum in Lubbock, TX.#31543: In storage: Tehachapi, CA#31556 Cockpit Only: QuestMasters Collection.#31558 In storage: Silent Wings Museum in Lubbock, TX.#31561: On public display: New England Air Museum Bradley International Airport in CT.#31569: In storage: Sandhill Crane Soaring: Richmond Field near Gregory, MI.#31570 Fuselage Only: In private storage in Tennessee.#31572: On display: Bonanzaville Aviation Museum in Fargo ND.#31577 Cockpit Only: In private storage in MI.#31578: On display: Aviation Museum of Kentucky; Bluegrass Airport in Lexington, KY. United States Airborne 75mm Howitzer M18 Paracaisson Cart United States Airborne 75mm Howitzer M18 Paracaisson Cart The M18 was used by Airborne Artillery units to air drop 75mm ammunition for the M8 Airborne Pack Howitzer. The M18 was air dropped via parachute as a cylindrical container. The container separated into two parts: the cart bottom and the top cover. The top cover was a simplified version of the cart bottom. The top cover was discarded after assembly. When the M18 was deployed, the wheels, tow handle and cables were stored inside of the container. The M18 could carry 18 rounds of ammunition in cardboard storage containers. The ammunition/storage dividers are missing on the inside of this cart. Additionally, the tire shown on this cart is not original. The original 4.00-8 tires were made by Goodyear. The above two pictures are from an original wartime manual. The picture to the left shows six M9A2 paracaissons mounted under a C-47 Cargo Aircraft. The photo to the right is a deployed empty and then fully loaded M9A2 ready for towing. This tire was made by the GOOD YEAR Tire Company. Two of these tires were found on a Cub Cadet 102 tractor. The tread style is exactly the same as the original M9A2 tire, but the size is slightly larger. The size on this tire is 4.80/4.00-8. These tires will be used on the restoration of this M18. This tire, left and above, is mounted on a museum M9A2 Paracaission. The tire is made by BF GOODRICH - SILVERTOWN, size 4.00-8.To view this M9A2 click here: HANDCARTZ M9A2 This tire (above four photos) is made by GOOD YEAR, size 4.00-8.This is one of two tires that will be used to restore the M9A2 owned by Handcartz To view this M9A2 click here: HANDCARTZ M9A2 The original rims have been disassembled for restoration, left photo. The inside of the rim reveals the original color of the M18 as well as the original primer. The M18 was primed in Yellow Zinc Chromate due to being made of aluminum. This M18 will be restored using Olive Drab 33070. Restored rim with Yellow Zinc Chromate Primer, left photo. The outer rim half is stamped with the part number 7131535 The inner rim half is stamped with the part number 7131536 The center hub is stamped with the part number B7119364 History Three types of Airborne Paracaissons were used during World War Two: M9 (Wood),M9A2 (Steel) and the M18 (Aluminum Alloy).The Aluminum Alloy Paracrate Load for the M8 Howitzer was deployed in 9 loads: Paracrate Load M1:Howitzer Trail Assembly, Paracrate M1, Drawbar, Lifting Bar. Paracrate Load M2:Howitzer Rear Trail, Howitzer Axle and Traversing Mechanism, Howitzer Trail Handspike, Bore Brush Staff, Spare Parts and Tool Box, Caster Wheel and Paracrate M2.Paracrate Load M13:Howitzer Bottom Sleigh, Aiming Circle with Case, Lifting Bar and Paracrate M13.Paracrate Load M14:Howitzer Cradle, Howitzer Top Sleigh, Lifting Bar and Paracrate M14.Paracrate Load M15:Howitzer Tube, Lifting bar and Paracrate M15.Paracrate Load M16:Howitzer Breech Assy., Telescope and Mount, Paracrate M16.Paracrate Load M7A1:Howitzer Wheels (2) and Paracrate M7A1.Parachest Load M17:Ammunition (10 rounds in fiber containers) and Parachest M17.Paracaisson Load M18:Ammunition (8 rounds in fiber containers) and Paracaisson M18. Untied States Martin M-250 Top Turret Untied States Martin M-250 CE B-24 Top Turret Untied States Willys Trailer 1/4 Ton MB-T Type: Trailer 2 Wheel 1/4 Ton Government Number: G-605Model: MB-T Manufacturer: Willys Overland Date of Delivery: November 1942Serial Number: 12494Parts Manual: TM 10-1230Maintenance Manual TM 10-1230 This is the original data plate that was found on this MB-T. The two holes in the center of the plate are from a bracket that was added after the war. It should be noted that the two "4''s" in the serial number "12494" are different fonts from different stamping sets. The first "4" has an open top, the second "4" has a closed top. This is a replica plate from Dataplates4u in Holland: http://www.dataplates4u.com New Old Stock Inter-Vehicle cable, left photo. The bakelite connector is made by the Warner Electric Brake MFG Co. Left and Right Tail Light Assy, above photo. The Willys MB-T used Corcoran-Brown tail light assy''s. The face of the light is marked C-B and the housing is marked Corcoran-Brown on the top. Trailer Details: Weight: Net 550 lbs., Payload 500 lbs., Gross 1050 lbs. Loading Height: 22 inches Ground Clearance: 12 1/2 inches Tires: 6.00x16 with two piece combat rims Tail Lights and Reflectors made by: Corcoran-Brown United States Navy Sailor NCDU Omaha Beach - Normandy France June 6th 1944 U.S. Navy Sailor NCDU - Navy Combat Demolition Unit 7 Omaha Beach - Normandy France June 6th 1944 QuestMasters Ordnance QuestMasters Ordnance Back row: Schrapnellmine 35 (S.Mi.35) storage box for three mines, Fuze crimping tool,1 Kilogram Demolition Charge with Z.Z.42 Fuze and 3 Kilogram Demolition Charge.Center row: S-Mine 35 (S.Mi.35) with S.Mi.Z.35 Fuze, Stock-Mine 43 (STo.Mi.43) with Z.Z.35 Fuze, Glasmine 43 (Gl.Mi.43) with Hebelzunder Fuze and Kraftstoff Granate (Gasoline Grenade).Front row: Zeit Zunder 37 (Zt.Z.f. SpBu 37) time fuze, two Z.Z.35 Fuzes, Z.Z.42 Fuze, D.Z.35 Fuze, S.Mi.Z.35 Fuze, Sprengkorper 28 Mine Charge with Z.Z.42 Fuze, Teller Mine Zunder 35 (T.Mi.Z.35)Trip Wire Mine Fuze and Blendkorper 2 H (M2H) Glass Smoke Grenade. 8,8cm Raketenpanzerbuchse (Rocket Launcher)Ordnance tan painted carrying box (top of photo) and natural wood carrying box (bottom of photo).Raketen Munition 4322 (Rocket) in center of photo.The 4322 Rocket could be used with the Raketenpanzerbuchse 43 or 54. The RPzB 43 and 54 were nicknamed Ofenrohr (Stovepipe) and Panzerschrek (Tank Terror) by the Germans. It had an effective range of 150 meters and could penetrate all Allied Armor during World War Two. United States Army Air Force Northrop P-61 Black Widow U.S. Army Air Force Northrop P-61A Black Widow Night Fighter P-61A Black Widow nose section, left photo. The nose section of the P-61 is made of fiberglass for the SCR-720A Radar set. This Radome was found in Hawaii in the mid 1990''s. Some of original black paint and red stenciling remain on the outside of the Radome. Unfortunately the radome is slightly cracked due to 50+ years of unloving exposure. P-61A Black Widow gunners canopy, left photo. The P-61 had two canopies: one for the pilot and one for the gunner (as seen in the above black and white photo). This canopy was recovered from a scrap yard in Ewa, Hawaii U.S.A. Many P-61''s and B-24''s were scrapped at Ewa after the war. This canopy was traded to the Mid-Atlantic Air Museum for the restoration of their P-61 in 1996. P-61A Black Widow engine propeller assembly for the R-2800 engine, left photo. This assembly retains almost all of its original paint and stenciling. This propeller assembly was not recovered by QuestMasters. German 7,5cm PAK 40 Anti-Tank Cannon Country: Germany Type: 7,5cm PAK 40Model: Panzer Abwehr Kanonen 40 Manufacturer: Not Available Date: 1944Serial Number: Not Available Right side of the PAK 40. The wheels on this cannon are the late-war style with holes. The holes were added to save rubber. Two 7,5cm (75mm) Shell Casings. The PAK 40 used the model 6340 shell casing with C/12nA percussion fired primer. The suffix St was applied to the shell casing or primer type if it was made of Stahl or Steel, i.e. 6340 St or C/12nASt. PAK 40 Cleaning Rod, top of photo. PAK 40 Bore Brush, bottom of photo QuestMasters is currently looking for additional shell casings, projectiles, ammunition cans, and a gun sight for the restoration of this PAK 40. German Panther V Road Wheel German Panzerkampfwagen V Panther; Ausf. G tank outer road wheel. The German Panther tank utilized 8 outer road wheels (four on each side). This road wheel was recovered from Bastogne Belgium in 1998. This history of this specific vehicle is unknown. The large shell hole is approximately 75mm''s. This Panther was moving when it was hit, which is clearly indicated by the track teeth indentations on the rubber wheel. Manufacturer markings on the rubber portion of wheel: No 935 jnk, left photo; 860/100-D, right photo. B-24 Nose Turret The Emerson A-15 Electric Nose Turret was used on all late war B-24 Liberators, except those produced at the Consolidated San Diego plant.B-24 Liberators produced at the Consolidated San Diego plant used modified A-6B Hydraulic Tail Turrets mounted in the front of the aircraft (as seen on the B-24 in the black and white picture above).Early B-24 Liberators that were produced with " Green House " noses were also depot modified with A-6 or A-6B Hydraulic Tail Turrets mounted in the nose. A-15 Gunner Seat area, above left and right photo. The control column grip assembly is missing from this turret. AN-M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun left mount, above left photo. Turret Control box, above right photo. Oxygen System Assembly, above left photo. The A-15 Nose Turret used an A-12A Diluter Demand Oxygen Regulator with Oxygen Blinker and Pressure Gauge to regulate the oxygen to the turret gunner during high altitude flight.K-11 Gun Sight Mount and Drive Box, above right photo. K-11 Compensating Gun Sight, left photo.K-11 Compensating Gun Sight Nomenclature Plate, above photo. The K-11 Compensating Gun Sight was a late war innovation that used the aircraft altitude and speed with the direct correlation of where the weapon was pointed to calculate the reticle. The aircraft altitude and speed was programmed on the rear of the sight. The correlation was determined by drive lines that connected the K-11 Sight to the turret. E-3 Generator Type: Generator, 3.0 KW, 1 Phase Government Number: None Model: E-3Manufacturer: O''Keefe & Merritt Co. Date of Delivery: 1944Serial Number: 2188 Model E-3 Generator Set nomenclature plate, left photo. This plate is mounted on the outside of the control panel door. Control panel with door open, right photo. The control panel is located on the end of the generator set. Note that this generator has several different styles of 120 volt receptacles. Engine compartment with doors open, left photo. O''Keefe & Merritt Model E-3 Synchronous 1 Phase Generator nomenclature plate, above photo. Right side of E-3 Generator Set, left photo. Rear of the E-3 Generator Set, right photo. The rear of the E-3 Generator houses the fire extinguisher. The door for the fire extinguisher is marked in raised letters " FIRE EXTINGUISHER INSIDE HERE ". The bracket is the standard style used on most U.S. WWII military vehicles. B-24 Waist Guns Left Waist Gun Assembly, above photo. The late B-24 waist gun comprised of an AN-M2 .50 caliber machine gun attached to a Type E-13 Gun Mount Adapter, Type K-7 Mount with Type C-19A Mount Adapter and a Type K-13 Compensating Gun Sight. On the top cover of theAN-M2 is a Type J-4 Gun Heater. This configuration was only used in late B-24 Liberators that were produced with enclosed waist gun positions. E-13 Gun Mount Adapter, above left photo. This is what the E-13 Adapters looked like when they were originally obtained. The E-13 in the rear of the photo was missing the "duck bill" sight mount, and grips when this photo was taken. This has been corrected.E-13 Gun Mount Adapter Nomenclature Plate, above right photo. AN-M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun, above photo. The AN-M2 was used in all positions on the B-24 Liberator - the Ball Turret, Nose Turret, Top Turret, Tail Turret and both Waist Gun Positions. The two AN-M2s pictured above are compliant with BATFE standards by having a replica 1/2" thick right side plate, prohibiting the fitting of any internal machine gun parts. The AN-M2 pictured above is shown prior to restoration. One of the details that differentiates the AN-M2 .50 Caliber Aircraft Machine Gun from the M-2 Ground Machine Gun is the top cover. The top cover has the added provisions to aid opening while wearing heavy gloves, as seen on the rear side and top of the cover. This photo also shows the thick cuts made during the demilitarization process. This AN-M2 has not been fully restored. K-7 Mount, rear and front, above two photos. The K-7 Mount supported the entire AN-M2 .50 caliber machine gun to the side of the aircraft. Note the large springs housed on the inside of the mount. These springs were added to compensate for the weight of the gun assembly. This afforded the gunner a better ability to handle the weapon and not fight the weight of the weapon when engaged. J-4 Gun Heater, left photo. The Gun Heater was electrically powered and kept the guns warm at high altitudes to avoid freezing when not firing.C-19A Gun Mount Adapter, right photo. This connected the E-13 Gun Mount Adapter to the K-7 Mount. K-13 Compensating Gun Sight, left photo.K-13 Nomenclature Plate, above photo. The K-13 Compensating Gun Sight was a late war innovation that used the aircraft altitude and speed with the direct correlation of where the weapon was pointed to calculate the reticle. The aircraft altitude and speed was programmed on the rear of the sight. The correlation was determined by drive lines that connected the K-13 Sight to the K-7 Mount. U.S. Army 1st Lieutenant 2nd Ranger Battalion Omaha Beach - Normandy France June 6th 1944 This officer illustrates the equipment that was worn by an officer assigned to Force B, Company C, 2nd Ranger Battalion during the invasion of Normandy France June 6th 1944. The responsibility of Force B was to secure the smaller cliffs to the west of Pointe de la Percee. C/2 Rangers landed on the Charlie Sector of Omaha Beach at H+1 (H-Hour plus 1 Minute). After they eliminated the German strong points and gun positions from the right flank of Omaha Beach they were instructed to link up with Force A: D, E and F Company, 2nd Ranger Battalion at Pointe du Hoc. Rear view, left photo. Close-up view of Rangers patch, above photo. This patch was specifically designed for the Invasion of Normandy to replace the earlier Ranger Battalion Scroll patch. Rear view of M-1 Helmet, left photo. This helmet has been painted with the 2nd Ranger Battalion Diamond painted over a white vertical stripe, which was the designation for officers. Inside view of M-1 Helmet Liner, right photo. This liner was made by Westinghouse. The suspension is made from Triple Herringbone Twill (THBT) and is held to the liner with green A washers. Service Boots with M-1938 Leggings, left photo. The M-1938 Leggings shown here were made by Meyers & Son MFG. Co. 2-25-42.Service Boots, right photo. The Service Boots were all leather with ten eyelets and featured a full capped toe. The rubber soles were made by BF Goodrich. These boots are a size 8EE. BC-611-F Handie-Talkie Radio, left photo. M-1 Thompson Submachine-gun, above photo. This M-1 Thompson Submachine-gun has a replica all aluminum BATFE approved dummy receiver from IMA-USA. M-1 Helmet and Camouflage Net with Officer markings on front and rearM-1 Helmet Liner, made by WestinghouseM-1941 Jacket with Rangers Diamond Patch on right sleeveM-1936 Pistol Belt, made by A.M.Co.1943M-1936 SuspendersM-1941 Mounted Canteen Cover, made by J.A. Shoe 1943M-1910 Canteen, made by S.M.CO 1944M-1910 Canteen Cup, made by FOLEY MFG. CO. 1944M-1910 First Aid Pouch, made by J.Q.M.D. 1942 and owner marked S1216M-1916 Pistol Holster, made by MILWAUKE SADDLERY CO. 1943M-1923 Pistol Magazine Pouch, made by B.B. INC. 1942Submachine-gun Magazine Pouch, five pocket M-1936 Field Mussett Bag, made by HAMLIN CANVAS GOODS CO. 1942 and owner marked G-8490M-1938 Dispatch Case, made by HOFF -42-M-7 Assault Gas Mask CarrierM-17 Binocular CaseBC-611-F Radio, made by ELECTRICAL RESEARCH LABORATORIES INC.USN Life Preserver, made by EAGLE RUBBER CO. INC. ASHLAND OHIO Service Boots, soles made by BF GoodrichM-1938 Leggings, made by MEYERS & SON MFG CO. 2-25-42M-1 Thompson Submachine-gun, made by - UNKNOWN - original receiver replaced U.S. Army Sergeant 2nd Ranger Battalion Omaha Beach - Normandy France June 6th 1944 This Non-Commissioned Officer (NCO) Sergeant illustrates the equipment that was worn by a NCO assigned to Force B, Company C, 2nd Ranger Battalion during the invasion of Normandy France June 6th 1944.The responsibility of Force B was to secure the smaller cliffs to the west of Pointe de la Percee. C/2 Rangers landed on the Charlie Sector of Omaha Beach at H+1 (H-Hour plus 1 Minute). After they eliminated the German strong points and gun positions from the right flank of Omaha Beach they were instructed to link up with Force A: D, E and F Company, 2nd Ranger Battalion at Pointe du Hoc. Rear view, left photo. Rear view of M-1 Helmet, above photo. This helmet has been painted with the 2nd Ranger Battalion Diamond painted above a white horizontal stripe, which was the designation for Non-Commissioned Officers. Inside view of M-1 Helmet Liner, left photo. This liner was made by Mine Safety Apparatus (MSA). The suspension is made from Single Herringbone Twill (SHBT) and is held to the liner with early zinc plated A washers. M-1 Helmet and Camouflage Net with NCO markings on rear M-1 Helmet Liner, made by Mine Safety Apparatus (MSA) Winter Combat Tanker Jacket with Rangers Diamond Patch on left sleeve M-1923 Dismounted Cartridge Belt, made by M.E.CO. 1943 (BRITISH MADE) M-1928 Haversack with M-1928 Pack Carrier, made by M.W.&S. CO. LTD 1944 (BRITISH MADE) M-1941 Mounted Canteen Cover, made by BAKER-ATWOOD LTD. CO. 1941 M-1910 Canteen, made by A.G.M.CO. 1918 M-1910 Canteen Cup, made by T.A.U.CO. 1941 M-1923 First Aid Pouch, made by M.W.&S. CO. LTD 1944 (BRITISH MADE) M-1916 Pistol Holster, made by SEARS 1942 M-1910 Entrenching Tool Cover, made by W.L. DUMAS MFG. CO. 1943 M-1910 Entrenching Tool M-7 Assault Gas Mask Carrier USN Life Preserver, made by EAGLE RUBBER CO. INC. ASHLAND OHIO M-1 Bayonet, made by United Cutlery (U.C.) M-1 Fragmentation Grenade M-1 Garand Cloth Bandoleer U.S. Army Medic 2nd Ranger Battalion Omaha Beach - Normandy France June 6th 1944 This Soldier illustrates the equipment that was worn by a Medic assigned to Force B, Company C, 2nd Ranger Battalion during the invasion of Normandy France June 6th 1944.The responsibility of Force B was to secure the smaller cliffs to the west of Pointe de la Percee. C/2 Rangers landed on the Charlie Sector of Omaha Beach at H+1 (H-Hour plus 1 Minute). After they eliminated the German strong points and gun positions from the right flank of Omaha Beach they were instructed to link up with Force A: D, E and F Company, 2nd Ranger Battalion at Pointe du Hoc. Rear view of M-1 Helmet, left photo. This helmet has been painted with the 2nd Ranger Battalion Diamond with Medic red crosses painted on the sides and front. Helmet Liner, right photo. This liner was made by FIRESTONE. The suspension is made from Triple Herringbone Twill (THBT) and is held to the liner with green A washers. Service Boots with M-1938 Leggings, left photo. The M-1938 Leggings shown here were made by Meyers & Son MFG. Co. 2-25-42.Service Boots, right photo. The Service Boots were all leather with ten eyelets and featured a full capped toe. The rubber soles were made by EJ HTS. These boots are a size 7 1/2 E. Medic''s bags with contents, left photo. Four types of Carlisle bandages, right photo. Early copper can with orange paint (made by BAUER & BLACK) top, early copper can with olive paint (made by BAUER & BLACK) left center, early steel can with olive paint (made by BAUER & BLACK) right center and late steel can with olive drab paint (made by HANDY PAD SUPPLY CO) bottom. Reverse of Medic''s Arm Band (left photo).The arm band is marked: PROPERTY OFMEDICAL DEPARTMENT, U.S. ARMYIN CONFORMITY WITHARTICLE 21 INTERNATIONAL RED CROSS CONVENTIONGENEVA 1929IDENTITY CARD NO. _________This arm band has the Medic''s Geneva Convention Number V 37489. M-1 Helmet and Camouflage Net with Medic''s markings M-1 Helmet Liner, made by FIRESTONE M-1941 Field Jacket with Rangers Diamond Patch on left sleeve M-1923 Dismounted Cartridge Belt, made by NERIS 1943 M-1936 Field Musette Bag, made by AIRTRESS MIDLAND 1943 M-1941 Mounted Canteen Cover, made by FOLEY MFG CO. 1942 M-1910 Canteen, made by S.M.CO. 1943 M-1941 Mounted Canteen Cover, made by H.S.CO. 1942 M-1910 Canteen, made by VOLLRATH 1943 M-1942 First Aid Pouch, made by JQMD 1944 Medical Bag, pair M-7 Assault Gas Mask Carrier USN Life Preserver, made by THE FIRESTONE TIRE & RUBBER CO. AKRON OHIO U.S. Army Private First Class 2nd Ranger Battalion Omaha Beach - Normandy France June 6th 1944 This Soldier illustrates the equipment that was worn by a rifleman assigned to Force B, Company C, 2nd Ranger Battalion during the invasion of Normandy France June 6th 1944.The responsibility of Force B was to secure the smaller cliffs to the west of Pointe de la Percee. C/2 Rangers landed on the Charlie Sector of Omaha Beach at H+1 (H-Hour plus 1 Minute). After they eliminated the German strong points and gun positions from the right flank of Omaha Beach they were instructed to link up with Force A: D, E and F Company, 2nd Ranger Battalion at Pointe du Hoc. Rear view of M-1 Helmet, left photo. This helmet has been painted with the 2nd Ranger Battalion Diamond. Inside view of M-1 Helmet Liner, right photo. This liner was made by Westinghouse. The suspension is made from Single Herringbone Twill (SHBT) and is held to the liner with black brass A washers. M-1 Helmet M-1 Helmet Liner, made by Westinghouse M-1941 Jacket with Rangers Diamond Patch on left sleeve M-1936 Pistol Belt M-1910 Haversack, made by L-D INC. 7-18 M-1941 Mounted Canteen Cover, owner marked M. KRPAN K-7540 M-1910 Canteen, made by S.M.CO. 1943 M-1942 First Aid Pouch, made by B.B.S.CO. 1943 M-1 Carbine Magazine Pocket, made by AVERY 1943 M-1 Carbine Magazine Pocket, made by KADY 1943 M-1942 18” Machete, dated 1944 M-7 Assault Gas Mask Carrier USN Life Preserver, made by DURKEE-ATWOOD CO. MPLS. M-1 Carbine Ammunition Bandoleer 1944 B-29 "Super Fortress" 42-24791 "The Big Time Operator"
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How I Generated 250 Hot New Leads Using Google | Coaches Internet Secrets by Karl Bryan, Internet Marketing, Internet Marketing for Coaches Karl Bryan reveals how he generated 250 hot new coaching leads in 90 days using Google. The Former Coach Turned Mega- Successful Internet Marketer Shows You How To Solve All Your Coaching Businesses Lead Generation, Prospecting, Marketing, And Sales Problems By Finally Learning the Real Secrets to Building and Profiting From Lead Generation Online and Tapping into the Power of Google Using a Powerful, Yet Easy and Proven Step-By-Step System... For Coaches
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07/27/1978 When I was 18... 18 years old, I saw for the first time in my life... I saw an image of clarity. I saw a comic strip... a three panel comic strip that, though simple as it seemed, changed me... changed my being, changed who I am... Made me who I am... Enlightened me... The strip, Garfield, the comic strip was new... no more than maybe a month and a half since inception, since... since coming into existence... and there it was before me in print, I saw it... a comic strip... What was it called? Garfield. The story here is of a man, a plain man. He is Jon, but he is more than that... I will get to this later, but first let us say that he''s Jon, a plain man. And then there is a cat... Garfield. This is the nature of the world, here. When I see the world, the politics, the future, the... the satellites in space, and... the people who put them there... You can look at everything as a man and a cat... two beings, in harmony and at war... So, this strip I saw; this man, Jon, and the cat, Garfield, you see... Yes... hmm... It is about everything. This... little comic is, oh, lo and behold... not so little anymore. So yes, when I was 18, I saw this comic... and it hit me all at once, its power. I clipped it, and every day, I looked at it, and I said "Okay... let me look at this here. What is this doing to me? Why is this so powerful?" Jon Arbuckle, he sits here, legs crossed... comfortable in his home, and he reads his newspaper... The news of the world, perhaps... and then he extends his fingers lightly, delicately... he taps his fingers on an end table, and he feels for something... What is it? It is something he needs, but it is not there. And then he looks up, slightly cockeyed, and he thinks... His newspaper''s in his lap now, and he thinks this... Now where could my pipe be? This... I always come to this, because I was a young man... I''m older now, and I still don''t have the secrets, the answers, so this question still rings true, Jon looks up and he thinks... Now where could my pipe be? And then it happens... You see it, you see... it''s almost like divine intervention, suddenly it is there, and it overpowers you... A cat is smoking a pipe. It is the man''s pipe, it''s Jon''s pipe, but the cat... this cat, Garfield, is smoking the pipe... and from afar, and someplace near, but not clear... near but not clear... The man calls out... Jon calls out, he is shocked. "Garfield!" he shouts. Garfield. The cat''s name. But, let''s take a step back... let us examine this from all sides, all perspectives... and when I first came across this comic strip, I was at my father''s house... a newspaper had arrived, and I picked it up for him, and brought it inside. I organized its sections for him and then, yes, the comic strip section fell out from somewhere in the middle, and landed on the kitchen floor... I picked up the paper pages and saw, up somewhere near the top of this strip... just like Jon, I was wearing an aquamarine shirt. So I thought, "Ah, interesting. I''ll have to see this later." I snipped out the little comic, and held on to it... and five days later, I reexamined it... and it gripped me, I needed to find out more about this. The information I had was minimal, but enough... An orange cat named Garfield... Okay, that seemed to be the lynchpin of this whole operation, yes. Another clue... a signature in the bottom right corner, a man''s name... Jim Davis. Yes, I''m on to it for sure. So... one: Garfield, orange cat, and two: Jim Davis, the creator of this cat... And that curiously plain man. I did not know, at the time, that his name was Jon. This strip, you see, had no mention of this man''s name, and I''d never seen it before. But I had these clues; Jim Davis, Garfield. And then I saw more, I spotted the tiny copyright mark in the upper left corner. Copyright 1978 to... what is this? Copyright belongs to a... PAWS Incorporated... I use the local library and mail services to track down the information I was looking for... Jim Davis, a cartoonist, had created a comic strip about a cat, Garfield... and a man, Jon Arbuckle. Well, from that point on, I made sure I read the Garfield comic strips, though as I read each one, as each day passed... the strips seemed to resonate with me less and less... I sent letters to PAWS Incorporated, long letters, pages upon pages... asking if Mister Jim Davis could somehow publish just the one comic, over and over again... "It would be meditative," I wrote, "the strength of that." Could you imagine? But... no response... The strips lost their power, and eventually I stopped reading, but... I did not want my perceptions diluted, so I vowed to read the pipe strip over and over again... That is what I call it, "The Pipe Strip." The Pipe Strip. Everything about it is perfect. I can only describe it as a miracle creation, something came together... the elements aligned... It is like the comets, the cosmic orchestra that is up there over your head... The immense, enormous void is working all for one thing, to tell you one thing... Gas and rock, and purity, and nothing. I will say this... When I see the pipe strip... and I mean every single time I look at the lines, the colors, the shapes that make up the three panel comic... I see perfection. Do I find perfection in many things? Some things, I would say... Some things are perfect... and this is one of them. I can look at the little tuft of hair on Jon Arbuckle''s head... it is the perfect shade... The purple pipe in Garfield''s mouth... How could a mere mortal even MAKE this? I have a theory, about Jim Davis... After copious research and, yes, of course, now we have the internet, and this information is all readily available, but... Jim Davis, he used his life experiences to influence his comic... Like I mentioned before, none of them seem to have the weight of the pipe strip... But you have to wonder about the man who is able to even, just once, create the perfect form, a literally flawless execution of art, brilliance! Just as in a ward... I think there is a spiritual element at work... I''ve seen my share of bad times and... when you have something... Well, it''s just... emotions, and neurons in your brain, but... something tells you that it''s the truth... Truth''s radiant light. Garfield, the cat? Neurons in my brain, it''s... it''s harmony, you see? It... Jon and Garfield, it''s truly harmony, like a... continuous, looping, everlasting harmony... The lavender chair, the brown end table, the salmon-colored wall, the fore''s green carpeting, Garfield is hunched, perched... perhaps with the pipe stuck firmly between his jowls... His tail curls around. It''s more than shapes too, because... I... Okay, stay with me... I''ve done this experiment several times. You take the strip. You trace only the basic elements. You can do anything, you can simplify the shapes down to just... blobs, just outlines, but it still makes sense... You can replace the blobs with magazine cutouts of other things, replace Jon Arbuckle with a... car parked in a driveway sideways, cut that out of a magazine, stick it in... Replace him there in the second panel with a... a food processor... Okay, and then we put a picture of the planet in the third panel over Garfield... It still works. These are universal proportions. I don''t know... how best to explain why it works, I''ve studied the pipe strip, and analyzed Jon and Garfield''s proportions against several universal mathematical constants. E, Pi, the Golden Ratio, the Feigenbaum Constants, and so on... and it''s surprising... scary even, how things align. You can take just... tiny pieces of the pipe strip, for instance, take Jon''s elbow from the second panel... and take that, and project it back over Jon''s entire shape in the second panel, and you''ll see a near perfect Fibonacci sequence emerge... It''s eerie to me... and it makes you wonder if you''re in the presence of a deity, if there is some larger hand at work... There''s no doubt in my mind that Jim Davis is a smart man... Jim Davis is capable of anything to me... He is remarkable, but this is so far beyond that, I think we might see that... this work of art is revered and respected in years to come. Jim Davis is possibly a new master of the craft, a... a genius of the eye; they very well may say the same things about Jim Davis in five hundred years that we say about the great philosophical and artistic masters from centuries ago... Jim Davis is a modern day Socrates, or... Da Vinci... mixing both striking visual beauty with classical, daring, unheard-of intellect... Look, he combines these things to make profoundly simple expressions... This strip is his masterpiece... The Pipe Strip is his masterpiece... and it is a masterpiece and a marvel... I often look at Garfield''s... particular pose, in this strip. He is poised, and statuesque... and his cat stare is reminiscent of the fiery gazes often found in religious iconography... But still, his eyes are playful, lying somewhere between the solemn father''s expression in... Rembrandt''s "Return of the Prodigal Son," and the coy smirk of Da Vinci''s "Saint John The Baptist". His ears stick up, signifying a peaked readiness... It''s as if he could, at any moment, pounce; he is, after all, a close relative and descendant of the mighty jungle cats of Africa that could leap... after prey. You could see the power drawn into Garfield''s hind quarters, powerful haunches indeed. The third panel. And I''m just saying this now, this is just coming to me now... The third panel of the pipe strip is essentially a microcosm for the entire strip itself... All the power dynamics, the struggle for superiority, right? WHO has the pipe? WHERE is the pipe? All of that is drawn, built, layered into Garfield''s iconic pose here. You can see it in the curl of his tail... Garfield''s ear whiskers stick up, on end, the smoke billows, upward... drawing the eye upward... increasing the scope... I''m just... amazed... really, that after 33 years of reading, and analyzing the same comic strip, I''m able to find new dimensions. It''s a testament to the work... For six years, I delved into tobacco research, because... can a cat smoke? This is a metaphysical question... Yes, can any cat smoke? Do we know? Can just Garfield smoke? The research says no. Nicotine poisoning can kill animals, especially household pets. All it takes is the nicotine found in as little as a single cigarette. [ *Okamoto M, Kita T, Okuda H, Tanaka T, Nakashima T (Jul 1994). "Effects of aging on acute toxicity of nicotine in rats". Pharmacol Toxicol. 75 (1): 1-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0773.1994.tb00316.x. PMID 7971729 ] Surely, Jon''s pipe hold a substantial amount of tobacco, and it is true that pets living in the homes of smokers are nearly 25% more likely to develop some form of cancer... most likely due to secondhand smoke... but these are facts of smoking, its tolls on our world. But after visiting two tobacco processing plants in Virginia... and the Phillip Morris cigarette manufacturing facility, I came no closer to cracking the meaning. I was looking for any insight. A detective of a homicide case has to look at every angle, so I''m always taking apart the pipe strip. I focused on every minutiae, every detail of this strip. Jon Arbuckle''s clothing... I have replicas. I''m an expert in textiles... so, you see, this smoking thing was a hang-up for me... but it was the statement here... until... This is key, this is the breakthrough. The pipe is not a pipe, really. Obviously there is symbolism at work here... I saw that from the beginning, and I looked at the literal aspects of the strip to gain insight into the metaphors at play... I worked at a newspaper printing press for eighteen months, in the late 1980''s... I was learning the literal to inform the gestural... the subliteral, the in-between... Jon reading this newspaper means so much more than just... Jon reading the newspaper... but how could you ever hope to decipher the puzzle without knowing everything there is to know about newspapers?! Okay... for example... Jon holds his newspaper up with his left hand, thumb gripping the interior. I learned that this particular grip here was the newspaper grip of nineteenth century aristocrats... and this aristocrat grip was a point of contention that influenced the decision to move forward with prohibition... in the United States, in the early twentieth century! So Jon''s hand position is much more than that, it... it is a comment on class war... and the resulting reactionary culture... but I didn''t know about the aristocratic newspaper grip until I came across some microfiche archives at the printing press. It''s about information. You have to take it apart. ...and the breakthrough on the smoking cat came late... just eight years ago, actually. "Smoking cat" is an industry term. It''s what the smoking industry calls a tattletale teenager who tells on his friends after they''ve all tried smoking for the first time... and it is actually a foreign translation, bastardization of the term "smoking rat"... But the phrase was confused when secret documents went back and forth between China and America... These documents are still secret, and the only reason I know about the term is because I know a man, my friend. Let''s call him "Timothy," yeah... yes, it''s a fake name, for his protection. Timothy worked for Phillip Morris for sixteen years, and he had seen the documents... and when he told me, it was an Aha moment... and he said, "But how? How could this cartoonist, Jim Davis, know about this... obscure term from the mid-70''s, used exclusively by a few cigarette companies!?" This is still a mystery to me... but I connect the dots by noting Jim Davis'' childhood experiences on a farm. He must have seen something... What could it be? Timothy went on to tell me there was one particular smoking cat, a boy, from... yes, Indiana, a boy named Ernie Barguckle, who became a thorn in the side of the tobacco companies for a couple of years... He did more than tattle to his parents; he and his family took legal action, and they eventually received a huge settlement payout... But that name is too similar... Ernie Barguckle... Jon Arbuckle. Jim Davis must have used this. There''s more here. Ernie Barguckle spent nearly half of that settlement money on experimental medical procedures to cure his... impotence. He was impotent. So... he was a smoking cat with a... a metaphorical pipe, that did not work... Are you starting to see the layers here? This is exciting stuff, you start to get a whole picture here, and it informs the work! It''s... it''s just remarkable. Jim Davis took these raw ideas, these... pieces, and he transformed them into smart social commentary that is... all so ravishingly beautiful. I have cried. I''ve cried, I''ve cried... I''ve cried, cried over this piece. It just... gets in my soul. I try to explain this to people, I have... the newspaper articles about Ernie Barguckle... People have fought me on this, they don''t see it, or they''re close-minded, "How could a comic strip about a cat smoking a pipe mean any more than that?" But it is more... and when I feel spiritual, or start to think existentially, I still see this comic. Here''s something from 1981 that I wrote in thinking about the implications of this strip; this is just an excerpt here... there''s more before and after, but this part is the essence to me... If a comic about a cat smoking a pipe can be the only thing in the universe... then maybe this is the strongest evidence for that. *fumbles with tattered sheet from 1981* "Many of you say, ''Oh, but I am not blind. I have never been blind,''... But when you truly see, you will understand just how truly blind you once were to even think it right to say you were not blind. What does a blind man see? Blackness. Darkness. Blankness. Blank darkness. Dark blankness. The absence of things, quite literally NO thing. No things. Nothings. So, you see nothing, and I bring you into the light. A cat has your pipe! You''ve been blind, do you understand this!? The cat has your pipe. You can''t fully immerse yourself, you don''t have the light. You don''t have the radiance, the radical light, the radically radiant light of truth and truth''s belonging love, and nature of light, and loving truthful radiance. So don''t be bold, and make bold statements. I know of you. The cat has your pipe. The. Cat. Has. Your. Pipe. Remember that." *puts paper back in pocket* That writing, well... It''s kind of rough... Kind of an... early eighties feel... and I see that, but I''m still... I''m still proud of it. Sometimes I imagine that it is the editorial column in the newspaper Jon Arbuckle is reading. It''s an exercise in recursion, it''s like a vortex opens up... It''s like you hold two mirrors up to each other, one is reality and the other is a cartoon strip. Let''s see here... Oh yes, I must bring this up, because I think, surely, Jim Davis is again speaking on multiple levels by including the details set before us in the comic. Notice the glimpse of Jon Arbuckle''s foot in the first panel. The size of the shoe would indicate that maybe the man just has small feet... but a deeper investigation takes us to the footbinding rituals of certain Asian cultures. Inflicted usually on women for the desire of men, this practice was incredibly painful and crippling... Aha! Mister Davis is, here, presenting us with a man, or rather... "man", who engages in footbinding, a body modification for women, on top of "being without his pipe"... or impotent. This is a man facing extreme inner turmoil, the panels tell that story... subconsciously. Notice the background wall shading of the first panel points inward toward Jon in the second panel... and the sharp tapered end of the purple pipe in the third frame also points at John in the second panel, inward; the eye is drawn to the center panel. You can connect these points and draw a triangle across the panels, and this triangle will align with the reoriented points of Jon''s collar! This, this is majestic artwork! ...and to uncover this hidden order is... bliss like I''ve never known. Comforting, in an empty world. I can''t help but read the thought bubble, over and over again. Now where could my pipe be? Now where could my pipe be? It is a profound question. Why am I here? What is my purpose? It is reflection and self-examination here. It is facing the dust, the misery of a cold, careless universe. You can feel the weight of it. But where could my pipe be? One imagines the author, Jim Davis, teetering on the edge of insanity... his rationality, his lucidity, hovering over the void... and he seeks the truth. You can see it in the line quality of the drawings; the thoughtful, controlled outlines mixed with the... occasional, chaotic scribbles at work in the shadows and Garfield''s dark stripes. It''s almost as if Garfield is chaos himself. Yes, he is the embodiment of chaos, disorder, hatred, fear... Thievery, death, destruction, desolation! These are the things Garfield represents; HE stole the pipe, HE sits with his back to Jon, Garfield... Garfield, this chaos cat, Garfield has turned his back on everything, everyone! One recalls the great existential forces in literature... Camus'' Meursalt, Kafka''s Gregor Samsa, or Sartre''s Antoine Roquentin... Garfield the Cat sees the hopelessness of life, which...ah, yes... This is why Jim Davis has chosen smoking. It represents a recklessness, a... a disregard for what some would define as the beauty of life. Garfield may die from the nicotine, he may not... He defies life; he sits defiant, saying nothing, but looking as if he could say... "Then let me die... it does not matter." It does not matter. ...and we are faced with this; Could Jon behave the same? Is Jon the glimmer of hope? He seems to be unsure. Again, his question... "Now where could my pipe be?" indicates that he is wrestling with his own existence. The center panel centers the issue, and again, this hearkens to many of the great religious works of art. I''m talking about the Pipe Strip in relation to religion. It''s... it''s interesting to assign the roles of God... and anti-God, or, as many know him to be, the devil... or on a much larger scale, simply the forces of... good and evil. Garfield, the thief-cat, evil and malicious... He is the devil, placed to the right... and note, the two forms of Jon; the Jon on the left, still innocent, still draped in the... delight, of the lack of knowledge. He is... the humans in the Garden of Eden. He feels for his pipe... but he has yet to eat from the tree... and Garfield, the sinister serpent... and notice, notice how Jim Davis has framed this... The center Jon is locked in a struggle, between his innocence, and his knowledge of the truth... knowledge of the existence of evil. It is stunning. The great struggle, the struggle that transcends time... and Jim Davis floats over all this, as creator... the God, of sorts, in his own right. ... and he presents this cautionary message to us all; it is as if he is speaking from high and... he is saying, unto our awaiting ears... Where will you be, when the cat reveals himself? [-Jim 7:27:78] I can tell you where you''ll be. You will have a choice; you can face endless suffering, and eternal misery... You can be forced and beaten down with barbarians, who claw at each other just for a view of salvation. They''ll tear your eyeballs out, and rip your gizzards from end to end. They worship this cat, this... this false idol! This evil, horrible cat, do not be seduced by the cat and the pipe! Garfield... thy name is a mark of the demons of hell. Something like this, and to those listening, it is a stark reminder to follow the path of the first panel Jon; be humble, be grateful, honor the law, and honor thyself. Be true, and be good, and no harm will come to you... Pray for salvation, and it will be granted unto you. Be like Jon Arbuckle, as he lowers his head. Be like Jon Arbuckle as he lowers his paper, as he turns his head. Bow with Jon Arbuckle, and praise unto the creator, Jim Davis... and banish demon Garfield from your life. So, what is all this? What am I saying? Aha... hmm... What does all this mean? Why is this one comic strip so important to me... and why do I feel the need to share this? Obligation. I have an obligation to you all. This is a redemption, this is a belief in redemption, a sacrifice of all the obvious trappings of this false modern life. Look at the simplicity in this strip, in the pipe strip. Look at the simple clothes Jon wears, look at his simple, basic furniture... No adornments on the wall, even the very pipe his cat Garfield stole; it is a plain, modest pipe... and I have adapted this way of life, it speaks to me. In our times... well... you don''t need me to point out the hyperbole of our times; you have children being born eight or nine at a time, you have more money being spent on a single Hollywood movie than some nations can spend... feeding their starving people. Torture, distrust... Look around you, it''s overwhelming. What can you contribute? ...and every day, I look in the mirror, and I hold this comic up to the mirror, and I look into the mirror, and at this little comic strip. Be humble. Be thankful. It is a reminder, be respectful. You are a statue. You are fragile... and when you break, when you shatter... Where will those pieces go? Ask... ask, ask, ask this question. Will you ask? Humankind is only as great as you, YOU, the individual, it begins and ends with you! You must treat this expedition, this search, this... life, with a reverence and intensity found only in the smallest sticks. The littlest leaf, the tiniest stone! The most miniscule grain of sand... on a beach of billions! This is the secret. Do you want the pipe? Do you want to know where the pipe has gone? You ask yourself, you ask... you ask... you ask... Now where could my pipe be? When I was a young man... remember, now, I first saw this comic when I was eighteen years old... Ages ago... but I was youthful, vibrant. For weeks, I didn''t hide that a comic strip was having such a profound effect on me. I was much like Jon Arbuckle. In this middle panel, he says, "Now where could my pipe be?"... you could look into his eyes, his half-lowered eyes, and think to yourself... "Now, surely, Jon... Surely, you cannot be this naive... This is nothing new for you..." And if you''ve read more of the Garfield comic strips by Jim Davis, you understand what I am saying now; Garfield the cat does things like this all the time. He will take things from Jon; food, items, anything... This is his very nature. So you see this, and you want to say, "Jon Arbuckle, come now. You are lying to yourself. You are lying to yourself, and to all of us, if you pretend to have not... any idea of where your pipe has gone. Perhaps you think you''ve left it somewhere else, but... hmph, you''re not so forgetful. You are lying to yourself, ah... yes... You are lying to yourself, Jon Arbuckle. You know that Garfield has the pipe... somewhere, deep down, you know this. You don''t even need to think the question." And that was me when I saw this strip. One week passed, and each morning I''d open my drawer and slam it shut again. I would go to look at the comic... but I''d pause, and think... "Oh no, I don''t need this comic, I don''t n... I don''t NEED to look at it..." But there I was, lying to myself. I DID need to see it, and so I did, it''s... cathartic. You give in, and that is the transition, from the second panel of life, to the third panel of life! It is a simple story structure, the passage from the second act to the third, the twilight of things. Jon gives into his suspicions; he knows the truth, he''s ALWAYS known the truth, he yells out, "GARFIELD! GARFIELD! GARFIELD!" It is like... pressure from a steam valve, being released; the buildup is unbearable, and then... PSSHHWW, it''s gone. So it is like this... when I speak about the truth... the truth, the light, the radiance, this... this is the kind of thing I''m talking about. This is the essence of this brilliant work of art, the practical mixing, meeting, agreeing with the spiritual, it is all HERE. ...but spirituality is not an easy thing to confront. You might find yourself able to wrap your mind around a simple math problem, or a basic newspaper article, or... but intellect... is much less subjective. What is spirituality... and how have I found spiritual peace and serenity in Garfield? A long time ago, after I encountered the Pipe Strip... I spent some time, as I mentioned before, soul-searching. When something impacts you, or alters your very perception so greatly, there is a long period of confusion, recovery time... It''s as if you don''t know who you are, and that can be a... a very scary prospect, especially if you thought you had a good grasp on that sort of thing. Imagine if Jim Davis did not know who he was. Would he be capable of shaping the cultural landscape as he''s done? No. No, of course he wouldn''t. ...and how about his characters? Jon... what if Jim Davis suddenly woke up, and didn''t know who Jon was? What if he couldn''t make the informed decisions to accurately depict Garfield''s personality, because of... he could no longer specify, or demarcate the boundaries of Garfield''s behavior? What kind of comic would THAT be? You see? So draw the parallel. I saw this comic and, yes, I was disoriented... and if I didn''t reconcile this issue with myself, what kind of person would I be? Undoubtedly dire circumstances, but remember; this was not a math problem, this was not an article, this was not something I could just... figure out... and as skeptical as I was, I realized that faith and spirituality were avenues that... required exploring. At first I tried... long nights, reading Garfield by candlelight, or... aromatic meditation settings, while thinking of Garfield, but... nothing snapped. Nothing clicked, I still felt lost... but I kept it up, I hired a shaman, and a young... personal Yogi Sikh Guru; Avram Dahb Singh Sahib. I pushed and pushed, determined to find myself. And then, a miracle happened. Upon retrieving my morning paper, to clip the Garfield comic... I noticed a young girl, selling lemonade two houses down. She sat, occupied at her stand. She had no customers in sight. So, I approached, and saw that she was coloring. I looked at her drawing... Three rectangular boxes. A man, in a blue shirt. An orange cat. I knew what this was. Even in her crude scribbles, I knew EXACTLY what this was. She was drawing a Garfield comic. I looked at her words, and I saw that, in her strip, Jon asked Garfield to retrieve a newspaper. Heh, funny... since I''d done just that with myself... Garfield is sarcastic, but agrees to. He returns and calls Jon... "Sahib". Jon exclaims that the paper''s all chewed up, but then Garfield says, and I quote, "Sahib asks fish, paper is wet. Sahib asks cat, paper is holey." I remember the words, and ran back to my house, and thought, "How odd that Sahib shows up in the strip, and my spiritual advisor''s name is Avram Dahb Singh Sahib!" Coincidence surely, but, nonetheless, I spent the next sixteen hours poring through my clipped Garfield comics, looking for the strip this young girl had been coloring... I couldn''t find it... and I eventually fell asleep, right on my kitchen table. Next morning, I retrieved my paper again, and I clipped the Garfield comic. The date was July 12th, 1983. There it was. The Sahib Strip, in all its glory. The girl had been drawing the next day''s strip! So, I ran right out of my house, I ran back to where she was... but she was gone, and in place of the lemonade stand was a "For Sale" sign. They''d moved out. I rushed back to my house to call Avram, but... I was informed that he''d moved away as well. I reeled, for several hours, and then it all connected for me. It was meant to be. It w... it was meant to be this way! Jim Davis... Jon, Garfield... It was always meant to be this way for me.... They move to the forefront, and everything else fades away, EVERYTHING else; the girl, the lemonade stand, Avram Dahb Singh Sahib, it all existed to show me the way, and when I''d found the way... Everything else melted away. It was a beautiful miracle... and if July 27th, 1978, the day I first saw the pipe strip... was the first day of my life, then that day, July 12th, 1983, was the second day of my life. I''ve never looked back. Garfield has transformed me... and I am a man, born anew, because of Garfield. When I was in my mid-thirties, I was interviewed for a documentary... It was a documentary on the subject of cat behavior. Now, I''ve had cats my whole life; I have three cats now, and at the time of this documentary interview, I had four cats. I sat down for the interview and was joined by a veterinarian who specialized in felines: Doctor Caroline Wellmitz was her name, I believe... and the doctor discussed colorblindness in animals, and how it affects their behavior. She specifically brought up the fact that cats are red-green colorblind; they can see colors, but they can''t tell the difference between red and green ...and look at the color choice in this strip here. Garfield sits on a green floor, behind a pinkish red wall. I heard this, and I immediately pulled a copy of the comic from my wallet to show to the doctor... I moved so fast, I''m sure I nearly scared her, I... pointed at the paper and said, "Like this! Like this! Look, at this here! This cat, Garfield, he''s colorblind, he must be! That must be the answer here... like this." As over-excited as I was, I managed to take in her response; she said "Yes, a cat in this room would have a hard time differentiating the wall from the floor. Add to that a cat''s known spatial confusion, and you have the makings of a Cat Rage room." Now, she informed me that this isn''t exactly common knowledge among cat owners... but a seasoned cat owner, or someone particularly perceptive will have picked up on it. So what''s incredible here is not only is Garfield''s behavior symbolic of the devil, and all the evil constructs in the world, but... but, but... but also, it is rooted in science and scientific fact. Look at that. You cannot spell fact without "cat". Hah, just a little joke there... just some wordplay, but getting back on track... ...and you can''t spell track without "cat." Okay... I digress. I gotcha, I gotcha, enough... kidding around. It is established here that Garfield is in a rage; an ultimate rage of fury and hatred, caused by colorblindness. We know the "what", we know the "why"... but let us examine the "how", the how of his rage is particularly interesting here. We''ve looked at his posture and called it "powerful", "in control", "statuesque", "etc., etc." Composed rage... It''s peculiar, and I''ve talked to a number of psychologists and psychiatrists, and even a couple of anger management therapists about this concept... Could we see the same kind of behavior in a human? Is Garfield representative of something more specific than just chaos and rage? Deciphering this is going to take some perseverance. for sure. The psychologists pointed to a phenomenon in humans, and, yes, I believe one of the anger management counselors brought it up as well. The idea that people, oftentimes, will bottle their rage... Garfield the cat, here... well, he could be bottling his anger, inside, shoving it deep into his cat gut, to ignore and deal with at a later time. Eh, well... No, that''s not exactly right. Garfield has already acted out, he''s already stolen the pipe... he''s SMOKING the pipe, he''s already dealt with his anger. He''s already lashed out, so, psychologically, what is going on here? What is this cat doing, and how does it impact his owner, Jon Arbuckle... psychologically? Well, Garfield is angry. He is acting on his anger... but is this passive anger, or aggressive anger? Passive. It is passive because if Garfield has a problem with Jon specifically... he''s choosing a passive way of dealing with that problem. He has not confronted Jon, and said, "Jon, I have a problem with the way you''ve decorated this room; as a cat, I am colorblind, and this room sends me into a rage... You''ve created a rage room for me here, and I don''t like it; I want you to change it." Instead of that confrontational approach, though, Garfield has chosen to steal Jon''s pipe... and that, in turn, angers Jon... but Jon decides to be aggressively angry, and yell at Garfield, so... now, instead of a calm conversation between two respectful parties, you have two... heated, angry individuals, each with a problem and no direct line to solving it. The layered emotions here tell a story with tight, focused brevity that would make Hemingway weep. This is an entire drama, in just three panels, people. ...but let''s not be remiss, and miss the humor of the situation, the... absurdity of it all... for certainly, there is a reason that the visual shorthand for drama includes both the crying mask AND a laughing mask. Comedy and tragedy complement each other, and meld together to create drama, tension, the height of humanity, the peak of art, that reflects back to us our own condition... ...and here... in its basest form, we can laugh at this comic... yes, COMIC, in which a cat smokes a pipe... Hah... when was the last time you''ve SEEN such a thing in your life? Never, I presume... I certainly never have... The Greek muse, Thalia''s presence is strong in this work of art, here. Comedy, it is COMEDY... and if you look at the structure again, you''ll see this perfect form of thirds works magically for the transmission of, yes, YES, a JOKE. The joke.... is as old as time... even cavemen told jokes, and the joke here is that Jon has lost his pipe... or he thinks he has... but lo and behold, it is the cat, Garfield, who has the pipe. Surprise, surprise, the cat is smoking! Again, the transition, from set-up to punchline takes place between the second and third panels... but make no mistake, the comic is more than just a comic... Yes, it IS funny, of course it is... it is operating at the height of sophisticated humor, on par with any of Shakespeare''s piercing wit. On the one hand, Garfield the comic, with Jon the man, humor as art... the other hand, Garfield comic, with Jon the man, stirring... no, RIVETING drama... as with everything, it is tension, and release. TENSION... and RELEASE... A cycle. I keep returning to this idea, because it is so omnipresent. Yes, you could... and yes, I have done this, on more than one occasion... you could print this comic strip on a giant piece of paper. The dimensions would be something like... thirty-four inches by eleven inches. Now, tape the ends together, with the comic facing inward. Stick your head in the middle of this Garfield comic loop and READ, start at the first panel; Jon is reading the newspaper... he feels for something on the end table. Second panel; he sets the newspaper down, something is not right... "Where could my pipe be?" he thinks. ...and then, the payoff; the third panel, Garfield has Jon''s pipe, and is smoking it. But, aha! The paper is in a loop, around your head... so that you can see that, once again, Jon is in his seat, reading the paper... and so on, and so on, you can literally read the comic strip for an eternity! I spent many a relaxing Sunday afternoon reading this strip, over and over... reminded of the Portuguese death carvings, which always begin and end with the same scrawled image. [fig. 6b - Portuguese Death Carving c. 1330] So, this idea of repetition, of the beginning being the end, and the end being the beginning... It''s not new, it is an ageless tradition among the best storytellers humanity has ever offered... and I''m not wrong to include cartoonist Jim Davis in that exalted set for this particular strip alone I''m not foolish enough to deny that great art is subjective... divisive, even, and that some people see this Garfield comic and shrug with no real reaction... but I will say that I believe everyone in the world should see it; at the very least, see it! You should all see it. Read it. Spend some time with it. Spend an hour reading it... what''s an hour? Yes, you could watch some television program, you could play some fast-paced video games or computer games, yes, you could do all those things... But it''s just an hour... and if you give this strip a chance, if you look into Jon Arbuckle''s eyes... if you look into Jon Arbuckle''s SOUL... You might find that you''ll really be looking into your own soul. It is self discovery, that is what I''m talking about here... YOU have the opportunity, the possibility... it could change you. Don''t be afraid. You know, just last week, I was eating lunch near the Municipal Court... like I do every Thursday, and... there was a plumbing banner... a plumbing van, parked out in front, uh... and a man, a plumber, would step out from the court, and retrieve something from this every so often. A few times, this happened... I thought nothing of it; just a plumber, doing some work at the Municipal Court... but then he came out, and looked through his van, and it was clear... He couldn''t find something. I noticed, and thought, "Well, that''s sort of similar to the Garfield comic, in a way. Someone looks for something, can''t find it,"... but, yes, that probably happens billions of times a day around the world... ...but then, this plumber... put his hands on his hips... then, he scratched his head, and he said aloud... "Now, where could my pipe wrench be?" Well, at this, I leaped off the bench, sandwich still in hand, and I rushed over, I shouted, "What was that you said!?" He looked at me and said, "What? I can''t find my pipe wrench, " and I said, "No! No, no, say it... like how you just said it..." He scratched his head, and repeated, "Now where could my pipe wrench be?" I slapped him on the back and said, "Garfield!" He looked so confused, so I said it again... then, I said "Your orange cat took it!" Heh... ah, then I laughed and laughed... and he smiled, and went back into the courtroom. I walked away, knowing that the plumber and I, two complete strangers, bonded over this Garfield comic... You see, life imitates art, becomes a common ground. I have a feeling that if I see this plumber again, we''ll be sharing stories like two old friends... because we''ve been united by art. We have a common love for Jim Davis and his characters, his writings... The humor, the drama, the... that rascal Garfield, the cat... Oh, and by the way, if you''re wondering what I was having for lunch that day, it was a ham sandwich with an apple and potato chips... in a bag, I had a soda as well. I think it''s important to view the Pipe Strip in philosophical terms... We''ve touched briefly on the notion of existentialism; that theme is very prevalent in this strip. Garfield is, in fact, a modern existential anti-hero... but if Garfield embodies the bewilderment in a meaningless life, what is Jon? What are the telltale signs that inform Jon''s philosophical standpoint? His approach, what style of thinking he represents? Jon is depicted as being grounded in the material world... a world of things; he is surrounded by objects, and he touches these objects, he interacts with them. The newspaper, the end table, the chair... his clothes, all these physical things make up Jon''s world. In some sense, even his cat Garfield is an object to him, a thing... The first ideology that comes to mind when thinking of objects in the tangible world... is pragmatism... Is Jon Arbuckle a pragmatist? His beliefs stem from a useful, coherent view of his environment... a sort of cause-and-effect understanding of his world helps him. A: Deduce that his pipe is missing... and B: Catches his cat, Garfield, using the pipe. This kind of empirical and logical thinking lends credence to the idea that Jon is, indeed, a pragmatist... Although, it is hard to entirely ignore the rest of the Garfield comic canon. While Garfield is consistently anarchic, and embraces the chaos and absurdity of life... Jon Arbuckle exhibits an erratic, unpredictable mix of philosophical behaviors. At times, he is borderline; delusional, an idealist, an almost slap-happy version of Don Quixote. Other moments, he is rigid, nearly to the point of being obsessive... somewhat like a structuralist, and certainly has streaks of sarcasm and negativity that might classify him as a skeptic. ...But isn''t there some universal truth in this approach? How can any one man, how can Jon Arbuckle be just one thing? How can any of us be just one thing? We''re... an amalgamation of ideas, of emotions... conducts and functions, thoughts and feelings... Jon Arbuckle may very well inhabit tenets of nearly every major philosophical tract known to man. We all might. Characters are reduced, to make them recognizable, definable; a story needs a good guy, a story needs a bad guy... but rarely is one person defined in such black and white terms. Even Garfield, with all his bad behavior, Machiavellian motivation and general ne''er-do-well attitude, can be kind and thoughtful. You just have to find that rare strip. Speaking philosophically about the entire Garfield franchise, it''s an incredibly accurate depiction of life. Its bold lines and bright colors are merely a facade, a... a red herring, a lie. This cartoon is not a cartoon at all, it is not a... caricature. It is not caricature despite adopting caricature as its visual style and tone. ...but I don''t really like to speak in broad sweeping generalizations about Garfield. The comic has been running for over thirty years, and to try and boil that all down is just, well... it''s impossible. I think the only way that any historian worth his salt will agree with me is to look at individual moments... isolated instances, single comic strips. Can I discuss this one strip in the context of the entire run of Garfield? Yes, I do that just as a film historian might analyze one movie in relation to the history of all movies, or a war enthusiast might look at a single battle''s impact on an entire war. The Pipe Strip is just an instance in the lives of Jon and Garfield. Perhaps Jon is not a pragmatist at all... let''s look at this again. Maybe Jon is exhibiting the traits of a rationalist thinker; his question, "Now where could my pipe be?" is a clue that his thought process stems from the early rationalist questions posed by René Descartes. The well-known quote, "I think, therefore I am," attributed to Descartes, is applicable. Another close look at the strip, and we see that Jim Davis chose to draw Jon thinking his question. "Now where could my pipe be?" Jon does not speak this question aloud, so Jim Davis is also exploring the mind/body duality... Jon''s question operates on the level of a literal question... but it also examines the nature of reality. Jim Davis'' epistemological approach tells us something about the human condition; Jon''s thoughts remain the focal point of this strip. The comic is, quite literally, centered around his thought. "Now where could my pipe be?" This is his reality, this is where cognition, and the power and function of the mind take over. As Plato believed, the body is just a shell for Jon Arbuckle; yes, he can use his physical body to read his paper or cross his legs, but these inputs of touch, sight, hearing, et cetera, these senses are the triggers of the mind, as we see here, the mind... is something greater. It is the originator of ideas, and ideas are forever. Immortal. Immortality through thought, a... a major theme in literature and philosophy... ...and isn''t that what Mister Jim Davis himself has achieved? Will he live forever? The universe will continue to spread, and spread outward, and... entropy will turn a chaotic infinity into a homogenous, controlled system. This will take billions of years, and in that time, humans will push technology to heights we can''t imagine. We''ll explore and inhabit space, and occupy more and more of the universe, just as time allowed our ancestors to... multiply in numbers, and populate more and more of the Earth. ...and as the specific people come and go, their physical bodies will be born, and grow, and die... but their thoughts will remain... and Jim Davis'' comics, his glorious Garfield comics... are recorded ideas of his, that will still be here. Even when the Earth is no longer inhabitable, and humanity has long since moved away to bigger planets, they''ll carry with them a record, a record we all keep; mark my words... and look at what we''ve started, what is... What is the internet? What is the online world, if not a record? Never-ending feed of ideas, immortal ideas... forever placed in the ether of dualism. What is an idea? Where does it live? How does it manifest itself? Can it live forever? Will it live forever, outside of these physical husks of ours, our bodies? ...and Jon Arbuckle, and Garfield, started merely as thoughts... but they''ve become so much more. That old cliché rings true, they''ve taken on a life of their own... and life may not be what we think. Life brings to mind a beating heart, breathing lungs, blinking eyes... ...but the real life is in our imaginations... and who better embodies the definition of imagination if not a simple man... a cartoonist, who puts his ideas to paper so that they may live on, so that our children, and our children''s children, and their children''s children''s children can access the wealth of ideas that have accumulated thus far... They will plug themselves into an information grid, and they will have access... They will read every Garfield comic, 80,000 years from now, a child will see a simple Jon Arbuckle, reading a newspaper. He will feel around for something, but that something is not there... He will lift his head and think... "Now where could my pipe be?" ...and Garfield will be smoking the pipe, and Jon will yell "GARFIELD!" ...and what then? 80,000 years from now? The child reading this comic will smile... and that smile will transcend space and time and the physical limitations of this existence, whatever they may be, however many dimensions exist... There will always be Garfield... and there will always be its creator... Jim Davis. "It is through art, and through art only, that we can realize our perfection." -Oscar Wilde
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officially the United Republic of Tanzania Tanzanie, République-Unie de Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Eastern Africa Thailand Thaïlande Prathet Thai South-East Asia Tibet Tibet Bod South-Central Asia Timor-Leste (East Timor) Timor-Leste (Timor Oriental) Timor Maritime South-East Asia Togo Togo Republique Togolaise West Africa Tokelau Tokelau Tokelau Oceania/Australia Tonga Tonga Tonga Polynesia, Oceania Trinidad and Tobago Trinité-et-Tobago Trinidad, Tobago Northern South America, Caribbean Tunisia Tunisie Tunis Northern Africa Turkey Turquie Turkiye Southeastern Europe, Western Asia Turkmenistan Turkménistan Turkmenistan Central Asia Turks and Caicos Islands Turks et Caïques, Îles Turks and Caicos Islands Caribbean, parts of the Bahamas island chain. Tuvalu Tuvalu Tuvalu Polynesia, Oceania U Uganda Ouganda Uganda Eastern Africa Ukraine Ukraine Ukrayina Eastern Europe United Arab Emirates Émirats Arabes Unis Al Imarat al Arabiyah al Muttahidah Arabian Peninsula, Middle East United Kingdom Royaume-Uni United Kingdom Northern Europe United States États-Unis United States North America Uruguay Uruguay Republica Oriental del Uruguay Central East South America Uzbekistan Ouzbékistan Uzbekiston Respublikasi Central Asia V Vanuatu Vanuatu Vanuatu Melanesia, Oceania Vatican City State (Holy See) Saint-Siège (État de la Cité du Vatican) Status Civitatis Vaticanæ Southern Europe within Italy Venezuela Venezuela Venezuela Northern South America Vietnam Viêt Nam Viet Nam South-East Asia Virgin Islands (British) Îles Vierges Britanniques Lesser Antilles, Caribbean Virgin Islands (U.S.) Îles Vierges des États-Unis Virgin Islands Lesser Antilles, Caribbean W Wallis and Futuna Islands Wallis et Futuna Wallis et Futuna Polynesia, Oceania Western Sahara Sahara Occidental Aṣ-Ṣaḥrā’ al-Gharbīyah Northern Africa Y Yemen Yémen Al Yaman Arabian Peninsula, Middle East Z Zambia Zambie Zambia Eastern Africa Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Eastern AfricA2 Milk | A2 Milk Products | A2 Milk in India | Best A2 Milk Brand in India, USA, UK, Canada | Daulat Farms Group of Companies | Daulat Farms | Daulat Farms Milk Producer Company | Raipur | Chhattisgarh | Maharashtra | A2 Milk in Pune | A2 Milk in Nagpur | A2 Milk in Raipur | A2 Milk in Bangalore | A2 Milk in Delhi | A2 Milk in Gurgaon | A2 Milk in Noida | A2 Milk in Hyderabad | A2 Milk in Visakhapatnam | A2 Milk in Mumbai | A2 Milk in Chandigarh | A2 Milk in Maharashtra | A2 Milk in Bhubaneswar | A2 Milk in Bilaspur | A2 Milk in Chhattisgarh | A2 Milk in Goa | A2 Milk in Indore | A2 Milk in Bhopal | A2 Milk in Jabalpur | A2 Milk in Patna | A2 Milk in Luknow | A2 Milk in Chennai | A2 Milk in Amritsar | A2 Milk in Ranchi | A2 Milk in Jamshedpur | A2 Milk in Jharkhand | A2 Milk in Odisha | A2 Milk in Telangana | A2 Milk in Andhra Pradesh | A2 Milk in Punjab | A2 Milk in USA | A2 Milk in NYC | A2 Milk in New York City | A2 Milk in London UK | A2 Milk in Canada | A2 Milk in Manhattan | A2 Milk in Germany | A2 Milk in in Russia | A2 Milk in Moscow | A2 Milk in Dubai | A2 Milk in Abu Dhabi | A2 Milk in UAE | A2 Milk in Saudi Arabia | A2 Milk in South Africa | A2 Milk in Europe | A2 Milk in Dublin | A2 Milk in Korba | A2 Milk in New Delhi India | A2 Milk in Malaysia | A2 Milk in Kuala Lampur | A2 Milk in Haryana | A2 Milk Brands in India | A2 Milk Companies in India | A2 Milk Suppliers in India a Daulat Farms Group is Leading Manufacturer, Processor, Breeder & Exporter of Certified Organic Food, Spices & Grocery Products, Milk & Milk Products, Fish, Prawns, Shrimp, Poultry Day Old Chicks, Eggs, Live Desi Country Chicken & Kadaknath Chicken, Frozen Chicken, Poultry Feed, Poultry Antibiotics, Organic Fertilizer Etc. Having World Class Infrastructure, Research Centre, Export House, Processing Units, Poultry Breeding Farms, Fish Ponds and Processing Units, Poultry Hatchery Etc. Daulat Farms Group is Working with 8600+ Farmers. Our Organic Products are Certified for India, US and European Countries Organic Standards. We Produce 224 Certified Organic Products, 7 Milk & Milk Products, 5 Varieties of Poultry & Cattle Feeds, 16 Varieties of Eggs, 8 Varieties of Fish Products, 10 Varieties of Poultry Breeds, 5 Varieties of Organic Fertilizer, Varieties of Poultry Antibiotics Etc. Quality and hygiene conscious in our processing and production catered to varied importers and quickly built a reputation for a class product and satisfied customers list. A2 Milk | A2 Milk Products | A2 Milk in India | Best A2 Milk Brand in India, USA, UK, Canada | Daulat Farms Group of Companies | Daulat Farms | Daulat Farms Milk Producer Company | Raipur | Chhattisgarh | Maharashtra | A2 Milk in Pune | A2 Milk in Nagpur | A2 Milk in Raipur | A2 Milk in Bangalore | A2 Milk in Delhi | A2 Milk in Gurgaon | A2 Milk in Noida | A2 Milk in Hyderabad | A2 Milk in Visakhapatnam | A2 Milk in Mumbai | A2 Milk in Chandigarh | A2 Milk in Maharashtra | A2 Milk in Bhubaneswar | A2 Milk in Bilaspur | A2 Milk in Chhattisgarh | A2 Milk in Goa | A2 Milk in Indore | A2 Milk in Bhopal | A2 Milk in Jabalpur | A2 Milk in Patna | A2 Milk in Luknow | A2 Milk in Chennai | A2 Milk in Amritsar | A2 Milk in Ranchi | A2 Milk in Jamshedpur | A2 Milk in Jharkhand | A2 Milk in Odisha | A2 Milk in Telangana | A2 Milk in Andhra Pradesh | A2 Milk in Punjab | A2 Milk in USA | A2 Milk in NYC | A2 Milk in New York City | A2 Milk in London UK | A2 Milk in Canada | A2 Milk in Manhattan | A2 Milk in Germany | A2 Milk in in Russia | A2 Milk in Moscow | A2 Milk in Dubai | A2 Milk in Abu Dhabi | A2 Milk in UAE | A2 Milk in Saudi Arabia | A2 Milk in South Africa | A2 Milk in Europe | A2 Milk in Dublin | A2 Milk in Korba | A2 Milk in New Delhi India | A2 Milk in Malaysia | A2 Milk in Kuala Lampur | A2 Milk in Haryana | A2 Milk Brands in India | A2 Milk Companies in India | A2 Milk Suppliers in India More... News and Updates # Farmer of the month (Organic Agriculture) October 2018 - Mr V Ramesh, Tamilnadu... # Farmer of the month (Poultry) October 2018 - Mr Avinash Singh, Uttar Pradesh..... # Notice - Dear All Poultry Farmers, we are announcing a new breed of poultry DAULAT COUNTRY-77, which is High Egg Producer Breed. This Breed is Developed by Daulat Breeding Farms & Research Centre, Chhattisgarh, India.... More... Energising rural India We are energizing rural India and are proud to say that our vision has come a long way. Today, Daulat Farms Group reaches the 8600+ farmers member More... OUR PRODUCTS ORGANIC FOOD & GROCERY 224 Certified Organic Food & Grocery Products Our Organic Products are Certified For Indian, US and European Countries Organic Standards KNOW MORE ORGANIC SPICES Certified Organic Indian Spices with traditionally Processed. Our Organic Products are Certified For Indian, US and European Countries Organic Standards KNOW MORE MILK & MILK PRODUCTS Milk & Milk Products are from Pure Indian Desi Cow Breeds Fresh Milk, Flavored Milk, Dahi, Mattha, Ghee, Paneer & Lassi KNOW MORE POULTRY Day Old Chicks, Live Chicken, Frozen Chicken, Hatching Eggs Available Breeds : Daulat Organic Kadaknath, Daulat Organic Country Chicken, Daulat Country Chicken, Daulat Country-42, Daulat Country-77, Daulat Brown Layer, Daulat Organic Brown Layer, Vanraja & Giriraja KNOW MORE FISH & PRAWN Varieties of Fresh Fish, Prawns & Shrimp Chemical Free and Certified KNOW MORE EGG 16 Varieties of Eggs Includes Variety of Organic Eggs, Desi Chicken Eggs & Brown Eggs KNOW MORE POULTRY FEED Special Poultry Feed For Desi Country Chicken & Kadaknath Chicken Cattle Feed, Japanese Quail Feed FROZEN CHICKEN & FISH Varieties of Frozen Chicken, Frozen Fish, Frozen Shrimp & Frozen Prawns ORGANIC FERTILIZER Varieties of Certified Organic Fertilizers for Crops, Plants & Vegetables Order Online in just 2 Minuts CLICK HERE Testimonials Ruchi Garg, NYC, USA " My daughter in law suggested me to try Daulat Farms Organic food, i brought and cook, it's a real food i felt taste is different and good. I adopted this brand for forever " Anchal Sinha, Dubai, UAE " Daulat Farms Organic Groceries taste different & clean from other brands i tried and on organic spices has real aroma " Anamika Mishra, London, UK " I tried this brand Daulat Farms foor organic food, then and now we adopted this brand for our daily food and i suggested t my daughter when she was pregnant, because i really feel their lines Healthy eating for a strong heart beating. thank you " Prof. Mamta Singh, Pune, India " My husband is a Doctor and i am a Professor, we were looking good brand for complete organic food, i found good taste and real food in this Brand Daulat Farms. We are continue with this brand's all products including Organic Chicken, Eggs & Milk " Abhinav Singh, Kanpur, India " Thank you to daulat farms group, the company helped me with a best business plan in low investment when i was suffering for money and tried many busineses, now i am earning good money for my family, thanks again " P Venkatesh, Hyderabad , India " I was mechanical engineer in reputed company in UAE, I resigned my job because Daulat farms group gave me opportunity to be an entrepreneur with huge money earning, Now i am in India with my family, much happy, Thank you " Home About us Group Companies Products Exports Research Partner with us Certifications Career Press Releases Shop Online Contact us Organic Food Dairy Poultry Egg Fish & Prawn Organic Fertilizer Daulat Farms Group is a central India based business group having diversified interest in agriculture related businesses. Group is being promoted by young and enthusiastic entrepreneur having keen interest in agro related business since last two decades. The group has started its activity way back in 2009 with a strong inroad map to emerge a large corporate house in Agro related activities. Our Businesses Includes Organic Farming & Processing, Poultry Breeding, Poultry Farming, Poultry Hatching, Egg Production, Poultry Feed, Cattle Feed, Dairy, Organic Fertilizer, Fish, Prawns & Shrimp Farming and Hatching, Mushroom Cultivation Etc. Today, Daulat Farms Group is Leading Manufacturer, Processor, Breeder & Exporter of Certified Organic Food, Spices & Grocery Products, Milk & Milk Products, Fish, Prawns, Shrimp, Poultry Day Old Chicks, Eggs, Live Desi Country Chicken & Kadaknath Chicken, Frozen Chicken, Poultry Feed, Poultry Antibiotics, Organic Fertilizer Etc. Having World Class Infrastructure, Research Centre, Export House, Processing Units, Poultry Breeding Farms, Fish Ponds and Processing Units, Poultry Hatchery Etc. Daulat Farms Group is Working with 8600+ Farmers. Our Organic Products are Certified for India, US and European Countries Organic Standards. We Produce 224 Certified Organic Products, 7 Milk & Milk Products, 5 Varieties of Poultry & Cattle Feeds, 16 Varieties of Eggs, 8 Varieties of Fish Products, 10 Varieties of Poultry Breeds, 5 Varieties of Organic Fertilizer, Varieties of Poultry Antibiotics Etc. Quality and hygiene conscious in our processing and production catered to varied importers and quickly built a reputation for a class product and satisfied customers list. Energising rural India We are energizing rural India and are proud to say that our vision has come a long way. Today, Daulat Farms Group reaches the 8600+ farmers member More ORGANIC FARMING (Foods, Spices & Groocery) : Daulat Farms Group's Organic Farming was born in 2009 with a very noble & dedicated cause to rehome Gaumata (Cow) at farm, to make Indian agriculture chemical free blessed with Gobar (cow dung) and Gaumutra (cow urine), to make dedicated efforts to come back human life from various death causing illness, toward true wellness. Our farmers are carefully chosen and trained to work towards practicing environment-friendly farming techniques. From the chemical-free soil to the grains being hand-picked – everything you see is organically farmed to give you the highest quality product. We check the soil quality, cropping pattern, prevalent crop rotation and the nutrient levels in the soil. While doing this, we ensure that the chosen region has suitable weather and temperature conditions. We follow a series of practices like soil fertility management, seed collection, biodiversity, composting, water management, crop rotation and protection which are extremely efficient and regenerative in nature. With a combination of traditional and state-of-the-art machinery, we have an effective yet efficient way of functioning. All products are stored in a hygienic environment for infestation control. Our advanced practices and dehydration technologies ensure that all our products retain their maximum level of potency. Our products are dehydrated in a dry, sterile environment to prevent the chances of a phytochemical breakdown. We have a specialized mechanism to preserve the matrix of bio-active molecules possessed by all the products by grinding them at low temperatures. What we provide you as final products are of the highest quality, pure and natural. POULTRY (Day Old Chicks, Chicken & Eggs) : Daulat Farms Group started India's First Organic Poultry Breeding Farms by Own Research & Development Centre, Poultry Hatchery and Poultry Feed plant by developing 24 Acres of farm land and production capacity of day old chicks 2 Crore yearly. The Daulat Farms Group is one of the largest Desi Chicken, Kadaknath Chicken, Desi Eggs, Brown Eggs and Day Old Chicks producers in India. Through an unwavering commitment towards quality, excellence and strategic integration, we have built a diverse portfolio of operations that include grandparent stock, parent stock, hatcheries, Organic farming, Free Range Poultry farming, Layer farming, feed production, poultry processing, large-scale mechanized farming and equipment fabrication. Today we remain singularly focused on providing carefully raised, fresh, local chicken to the India & Many other cuntries. We trace our roots back to a single, small egg farm. A lot has changed over Many Years, including the switch from selling table eggs to growing chickens. But our biggest changes came through a focus on "small." In the 2009, with a nascent consumer consciousness around food production, we moved away from the trend toward bigger, faster and cheaper. We focused on our consumers in the India, US, Canada, UK, Malaysia, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Germany, Switzerland Etc. and on how we raise chickens. We removed from chicken feed the animal by-products that are often used as a cheap source of protein. We stopped the common practice of using antibiotics. We follow a simple guiding principle: "the way nature intended." All of our chickens are raised in a reduced stress environment, fed an all-vegetarian diet with no animal fats or animal proteins, and never, ever receive any antibiotics. POULTRY & CATTLE FEED We produce one of the best quality feeds available in the market. We are providing reliable, traceable, proven and sustainable, quality finished poultry feeds and cattle feeds. State-of-the-art feed milling technology, the finest in Asia. Highest quality raw materials are used to produce the best poultry feed and cattle feed in adequate quantities to meet round the year requirements. We maintain hygienic, bio-secured stock points to store raw materials and finished products. Our feed is lab tested at every level from production till packaging to keep a tab on its nutritional value. Strict quality control measures are followed at each point of the production stages. Fully equipped quality control laboratories attached to all feed mills for analysis of raw material and finished feed quality working around the clock to deliver the quality product. DAIRY (Milk & Milk Products) : Daulat Farms A2 Milk is the most hygienic liquid milk available in the market which is easy to digest and good for children, youth, old aged people and pregnant lady. Daulat Farms A2 Milk is cow milk from the Indian Deshi Cow Breeds. It is pasteurized in state-of-the-art processing plants and packed to make it conveniently available to consumers. Instantly Homogenized, Pasteurized, chilled and packaged farm fresh milk - Daulat Farms Milk is instantly Pasteurized & Homogenized at a genuine temperature, so that we can retain its nutrition’s value after pasteurization & Homogenization, it is being chilled, packaged in air-tight sterilized bottles and sent on its way to you in a process that has no human contact. This ensures that we maintain 100% purity as well as keep the taste and texture of the milk intact. The milk is 100% unadulterated and free of preservatives. Daulat Farms A2 Milk can be direct consumption, making of tea, coffee, sweets, khoya, buttermilk, curd, ghee etc. ORGANIC FERTILIZER Daulat Organic is a product of Daulat Farms Group's Farm and Garden Products Division, which is known for its quality and productivity. We believe that the full benefits of recycling can only be attained if the resulting product is used in an ecologically beneficial manner. Daulat Organic is a product created from nutrient rich organic by-products of cow, poultry, agro, and vegetables, with the guidance of expertise and pioneers in the field. Naturally available NPK & Micro nutrients in the ingredients are made to fusion with Micro & macro organisms, and Product is developed with unique technology. It is enriched with bacterial & fungal culture, which augments soil fertility and plant’s productivity. It is tested for quality parameters in the technological lab to ensure it is suitable for plants to grow and balance Earth’s eco-cycle. Daulat Organic is suitable for Vegetables, all Agri Crops, Lawns, Nursery Spices, Floriculture and Horticulture. Make a difference Join us… to give back to nature. Let us together build healthy soil for better tomorrow! FISH, PRAWNS & SHRIMPS Our processing plant has been built in accordance with the latest National, EU & US FDA Norms which ensure total process Control and is well accessible to the main Landing Centre. The uniqueness of the plant is that it provides for a uniform flow of material from the pre-processing area to the Processing Hall, Freezing, Packing , Storage and then the finished goods are loaded directly from our Cold Store into Reefer Containers to maintain the cold chain. FROZEN FOODS With today's fast paced lifestyle taking over most homes in India, putting together a wholesome meal for your family is never easy. We all feel the need for hygienic and good quality products that can be conveniently bought and stored. Daulat Farms Daily Protein - Food for Good Health! is the answer to your needs. Processed to international quality standards, Daulat Farms Daily Protein frozen organic chicken & Prawns is the ultimate choice for the modern day families. Savour the delicacies from a comprehensive range of frozen Organic kadaknath chicken and Organic Country chicken. Daulat Farms Daily Protein is available at all leading supermarkets and departmental stores in cities across the globe and at Dauat Farms Daily Fresh Protein Rozana outlets. Daulat Farms Daily Protein products are available in convenient tray packs for retail sale. Quick frozen to retain freshness, Daulat Farms Daily Protein brings you good health and great taste of Organic fresh chicken at your convenience. Healthy Eating For a Strong Heart Beating DAULAT FARMS GROUP OF COMPANIES Daulat Farms Group is a central India based business group having diversified interest in agriculture related businesses. Group is being promoted by young and enthusiastic entrepreneur having keen interest in agro related business since last two decade. The group has started its activity way back in 2009 with a strong inroad map to emerge a large corporate house in Agro related activities. Our Businesses Includes Organic Farming & Processing, Poultry Breeding, Poultry Farming, Poultry Hatching, Egg Production, Poultry Feed, Cattle Feed, Dairy, Organic Fertilizer, Fish, Prawns & Shrimp Farming and Hatching, Mushroom Cultivation Etc. Quality and hygiene conscious in our processing and production catered to varied importers and quickly built a reputation for a class product and satisfied customers list. Healthy Eating For a Strong Heart Beating DAULAT ORGANIC FARMS AND EXPORTS DAULAT BREEDING FARMS AND RESEARCH CENTRE DAULAT ORGANIC FOOD INDUSTRIES CORPORATION DAULAT FARMS AND HATCHERIES CORPORATION DAULAT FARMS MILK PRODUCER COMPANY DAULAT HATCHERIES DAULAT FISHERIES AND SEAFOODS CORPORATION DAULAT GLOBAL RETAIL CORPORATION M/s. DAULAT ORGANIC FARMS AND EXPORTS Manufacturer, Processor, Breeder & Exporter of Certified Organic Food, Spices & Grocery Products, Milk & Milk Products, Fish, Prawns, Shrimp, Poultry Day Old Chicks, Eggs, Live Desi Country Chicken & Kadaknath Chicken, Frozen Chicken, Poultry Feed, Poultry Antibiotics, Organic Fertilizer Etc. Having World Class Infrastructure, Research Centre, Export House, Processing Units, Poultry Breeding Farms, Poultry Hatchery, Chicken Processing Unit Etc. Corporate Office : Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India M/s. DAULAT BREEDING FARMS AND RESEARCH CENTRE Research & Development of Poultry, Poultry Breeding Farms, Poultry Layer Farms & Poultry Hatchery. Products : Day Old Chicks, Live Chicken Birds & Eggs Poultry Breeds : Daulat Organic Kadaknath, Daulat Country Chicken, Daulat Organic Country Chicken, Daulat Brown Layer, Daulat Country42, Daulat Country77 & Daulat Organic Brown Layer. Corporate Office : Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India M/s. DAULAT ORGANIC FOOD INDUSTRIES CORPORATION Manufacturer & Processor of Certified Organic Food, Spices & Grocery Products, Poultry Feed, Poultry Antibiotics Etc. Having World Class Infrastructure, Research Centre, Processing Units Etc. Corporate Office : Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India M/s. DAULAT FARMS AND HATCHERIES CORPORATION Poultry Breeding Farms, Poultry Layer Farms & Poultry Hatchery. Products : Day Old Chicks, Live Chicken Birds & Eggs Poultry Breeds : Kadaknath (Cross & Original), Vanraja & Giriraja Corporate Office : Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India M/s. DAULAT FARMS MILK PRODUCER COMPANY Research & Development of Milk, Dairy, Milk Processing, Packing & Distribution Etc. Products : Fresh Milk, Flavored Milk, Dahi, Mattha, Ghee, Paneer & Lassi Corporate Office : Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India M/s. DAULAT HATCHERIES Commercial Poultry Hatchery. Products : Day Old Chicks Poultry Breeds : Kadaknath (Cross & Original), Daulat Country42, Daulat Country77, Daulat Brown Layer & Vanraja. Corporate Office : Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India M/s. DAULAT FISHERIES AND SEAFOODS CORPORATION Research & Development on Fishery, Fish Farming, Shrimp Farming and Fish Hatchery Products : Fish, Shrimp & Prawns Corporate Office : Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India M/s. DAULAT GLOBAL RETAIL CORPORATION Retail & Marketing of Organic Food Products, Milk & Milk Products, Chicken & Eggs, Fish, Shrimp & Prawns through Company's Retail Outlets & Supermarkets. Brand : Daulat Farms Daily Fresh Protein Rozana, The Organic Supeermarket, Daulat Farms Desi Milk Corporate Office : DAULAT FARMS GROUP OF COMPANIES Near Shadani Dabar, Next to Dumartarai New Dhamtari Road, Raipur 492001 Chhattisgarh, India Helpline No. : +91 789 879 9394 (INDIA) +1 315 279 4747 (USA) +1 917 765 7222 (USA) E-mail Addresses : Sales : sales@daulatfarms.co.in Purchase : purchase@daulatfarms.co.in HR : hr@daulatfarms.co.in Partnership : partnership@daulatfarms.co.in Global Offices UNITED STATES OF AMERICA OFFICE : 80 Broad Street, 5th Floor, New York City, New York - 10004 United States of America UNITED KINGDOM OFFICE : New Broad Street House, 35 New Broad Street, London EC2M 1NH United Kingdom CANADA OFFICE : 10 Four Seasons Place, Suite 1000, Toronto, Ontario M9B 6H7 Canada SAUDI ARABIA OFFICE : Zahran Business Centre, 12th Floor, Prince Sultan Street, ASalamah, Jeddah - 21464 Saudi Arabia MALAYSIA OFFICE : -07-01, Level 7, Block L, Solaris Mont Kiara, Kuala Lumpur - 50480 Malaysia UNITED ARAB EMIRATES OFFICE : 2nd Floor, Clover Bay Tower, Al Abraj Street, Business Bay, Dubai United Arab Emirates Training Centres CHHATTISGARH MADHYA PRADESH MAHARASHTRA UTTAR PRADESH WEST BENGAL DELHI BIHAR GUJARAT ANDHRA PRADESH TAMILNADU TELANGANA KERALA Daulat Farms Group is a central India based business group having diversified interest in agriculture related businesses. Group is being promoted by young and enthusiastic entrepreneur having keen interest in agro related business since last two decade. The group has started its activity way back in 2009 with a strong inroad map to emerge a large corporate house in Agro related activities. Our Businesses Includes Organic Farming & Processing, Poultry Breeding, Poultry Farming, Poultry Hatching, Egg Production, Poultry Feed, Cattle Feed, Dairy, Organic Fertilizer, Fish, Prawns & Shrimp Farming and Hatching, Mushroom Cultivation Etc. Quality and hygiene conscious in our processing and production catered to varied importers and quickly built a reputation for a class product and satisfied customers list. Healthy Eating For a Strong Heart Beating DAULAT ORGANIC FARMS AND EXPORTS DAULAT BREEDING FARMS AND RESEARCH CENTRE DAULAT ORGANIC FOOD INDUSTRIES CORPORATION DAULAT FARMS AND HATCHERIES CORPORATION DAULAT FARMS MILK PRODUCER COMPANY DAULAT HATCHERIES DAULAT FISHERIES AND SEAFOODS CORPORATION DAULAT GLOBAL RETAIL CORPORATION M/s. DAULAT ORGANIC FARMS AND EXPORTS Manufacturer, Processor, Breeder & Exporter of Certified Organic Food, Spices & Grocery Products, Milk & Milk Products, Fish, Prawns, Shrimp, Poultry Day Old Chicks, Eggs, Live Desi Country Chicken & Kadaknath Chicken, Frozen Chicken, Poultry Feed, Poultry Antibiotics, Organic Fertilizer Etc. Having World Class Infrastructure, Research Centre, Export House, Processing Units, Poultry Breeding Farms, Poultry Hatchery, Chicken Processing Unit Etc. Corporate Office : Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India M/s. DAULAT BREEDING FARMS AND RESEARCH CENTRE Research & Development of Poultry, Poultry Breeding Farms, Poultry Layer Farms & Poultry Hatchery. Products : Day Old Chicks, Live Chicken Birds & Eggs Poultry Breeds : Daulat Organic Kadaknath, Daulat Country Chicken, Daulat Organic Country Chicken, Daulat Brown Layer, Daulat Country42, Daulat Country77 & Daulat Organic Brown Layer. Corporate Office : Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India M/s. DAULAT ORGANIC FOOD INDUSTRIES CORPORATION Manufacturer & Processor of Certified Organic Food, Spices & Grocery Products, Poultry Feed, Poultry Antibiotics Etc. Having World Class Infrastructure, Research Centre, Processing Units Etc. Corporate Office : Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India M/s. DAULAT FARMS AND HATCHERIES CORPORATION Poultry Breeding Farms, Poultry Layer Farms & Poultry Hatchery. Products : Day Old Chicks, Live Chicken Birds & Eggs Poultry Breeds : Kadaknath (Cross & Original), Vanraja & Giriraja Corporate Office : Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India M/s. DAULAT FARMS MILK PRODUCER COMPANY Research & Development of Milk, Dairy, Milk Processing, Packing & Distribution Etc. Products : Fresh Milk, Flavored Milk, Dahi, Mattha, Ghee, Paneer & Lassi Corporate Office : Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India M/s. DAULAT HATCHERIES Commercial Poultry Hatchery. Products : Day Old Chicks Poultry Breeds : Kadaknath (Cross & Original), Daulat Country42, Daulat Country77, Daulat Brown Layer & Vanraja. Corporate Office : Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India M/s. DAULAT FISHERIES AND SEAFOODS CORPORATION Research & Development on Fishery, Fish Farming, Shrimp Farming and Fish Hatchery Products : Fish, Shrimp & Prawns Corporate Office : Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India M/s. DAULAT GLOBAL RETAIL CORPORATION Retail & Marketing of Organic Food Products, Milk & Milk Products, Chicken & Eggs, Fish, Shrimp & Prawns through Company's Retail Outlets & Supermarkets. 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DESHI EGG IN KOLKATA, DESHI EGG IN NOIDA, DESI EGG IN UTTAR PARADESH, DESI EGG IN PUNE, DESHI EGG IN RAIPUR, DESHI EGG IN CHHATTISGARH, DESHI EGG IN JHARKHAND, DESHI EGG IN RANCHI, JAMSHEDPUR, DESHI EGG IN MUMBAI, DESHI EGG IN NAGPUR, DESHI EGG IN MAHARASHTRA, DESHI EGG IN NASIK, DESI EGG IN KARNATKA, BANGAORE, NATTI EGG, NATI EGG, PURE COUNTRY CHICKEN, CHICKS, DESHI CHICKEN IN DELHI, GURGAON, HARYANA, NOIDA, UP Exports | Daulat Farms Group of Companies | Private Labeling | Organic Food Exporter in India | Organic Spice Exporter | Indian Spice Exporter | Rice Exporter in india | Indian Spice Exporter to US | Indian Grocery Exporter | Indian Organic Food Exporter to uk | canada | Turmeric powder exporter in india | Organic food manufacturer in india | Egg Exporter in India to US, UK | Chilly Exporter in India | Chicken Exporter in India | Black Meat Chicken Exporter in India | Kadaknath Chicken Exporter in India | Chicken slaughter | Chicken Exporter | Ayam Cemani Chicken Eporter in Usa | Canada | UK| Saudi Arabia | Malaysia | Switzerland | Singapore | UAE | United arab emirates | London | New york | indian Spices in New york | Milk Exporter in india | Coriander Powder Exporter Indian spices rates prices export price | Organic Indian Food Manufacturer | Organic Food Private Labeling | Third Party Manufacturer | Third Party food manufacturer in india | Organic food Private Labeling | food manufacturer in india | Organic Products Exporter in India to Us, Uk, New York, London, Canada | Dubai | Abu Dhabi | UAE, Saudi Arabia Partner with us | Daulat Farms Group of Companies | Franchise in India | Supermarket Franchise in India | Retail Outlet Franchise in in India | Franchise Opportunity | Poultry Franchise | Distributorship | Super stockist | Organic Store Franchise in Pune | Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chandigarh | Lucknow | Supermarket Franchisee | Chhattisgarh | Poultry Contract Farming | Daulat Farms Group of Companies | Kadaknath Contract Farming | Poultry Layer Contract Farming | Country Chicken Contract Farming | Poultry Contract Farming Scheme | Poultry Farming Loan | Contract Kadaknath Farming | Layer Farming Project Report | Kadaknath Farming Project Report | Country Chicken Farming Project | Deshi Chicken Farming | Murgi Palan | Kukkut Palan | Murgi farming | Egg Production | Daulat Farms | Gavran Kombdi palan | Murgi Palan | Poultry Farming Guidance | Poultry Farming Profit | Kadaknath Contract Farming Companies in Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, uttar Pradesh, Madhya pradesh, mp, up, jharkhand, punjab, haryana, india, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, Odisha, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Kadaknath farming in uttar pradesh up, Contract farming in UP, Uttar Pradesh, madhya pradesh, Contract Farming in chhattisgarh, Contract Farming in Maharashtra, Contract Farming in Karnataka, Contract Farming in Jharkhand | Poultry Cntract farming uttar pradesh < Kadaknath Contract farming in uttar pradesh, Kadaknath Contract Farming in Madhya pradesh, Poultry contract Farming in Bihar, business idea | profitable bushiness in india Poultry Contract Farming | Daulat Farms Group of Companies | Kadaknath Contract Farming | Poultry Layer Contract Farming | Country Chicken Contract Farming | Poultry Contract Farming Scheme | Poultry Farming Loan | Contract Kadaknath Farming | Layer Farming Project Report | Kadaknath Farming Project Report | Country Chicken Farming Project | Deshi Chicken Farming | Murgi Palan | Kukkut Palan | Murgi farming | Egg Production | Daulat Farms | Gavran Kombdi palan | Murgi Palan | Poultry Farming Guidance | Poultry Farming Profit | Kadaknath Contract Farming Companies in Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, uttar Pradesh, Madhya pradesh, mp, up, jharkhand, punjab, haryana, india, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, Odisha, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Bihar, Kadaknath farming in uttar pradesh up, Contract farming in UP, Uttar Pradesh, madhya pradesh, Contract Farming in chhattisgarh, Contract Farming in Maharashtra, Contract Farming in Karnataka, Contract Farming in Jharkhand | Poultry Cntract farming uttar pradesh < Kadaknath Contract farming in uttar pradesh, Kadaknath Contract Farming in Madhya pradesh, Poultry contract Farming in Bihar, business idea | profitable bushiness in india ORGANIC CONTRACT FARMING Scheme No. 08. Daulat Farms Organic Farming Employment Generation Program Daulat Farms Group has vast experience of organic cultivation, certification and documentation. We are also holding certified land with diversified cultivation areas in India. Our cultivation is enriched with varied range of climatic and soil conditions, enabling us to cultivate various products as per their climatic requirements. We have our organic certified land in Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh & Maharashtra. We have skilled field officers and technical staff involved in all the aspects of Organic cultivation and certification. Sustainable Agriculture Practices are followed that result in proper social, economic and environmental stewardship. For example to conserve water and improve fertilizer-usage efficiencies and yields, drip irrigation is implemented. Daulat Farms Group has regularly carried out R&D in integrated pest and disease management, soil fertility and nutrition optimization over many years. We stress upon cultural and biological control of pests and diseases. All our crops are GMO free and the farmers we work with are supported in growing crops through the technical guidance by qualified field personnel involving farmer training programmes. Communication on appropriate crop rotation practices and field sanitation is provided and field visits are monitored. The financing of crop growing by Daulat Farms Group through input supplies enables small and marginal farmers to take up crop growing. In case of adverse weather, any losses due to crop failure are borne by the company. In order to nurture the relationship with farmers, field and factory trips are held to educate them about Good Agriculture Practices and recognize the best farmers. Send application in the name of " Director, Daulat Organic Farms and Exports " mention your information and land details E-mail : partnership@dauatfarms.co.in Regular training programs are organised for farmers periodically. These programs are oriented towards enhancing knowledge about field cultivation practices, diseases and pest management, harvesting techniques a PARTNER WITH US Are you a person obsessed towards Entrepreneurship, Success and Social change looking for a path breaking Business opportunity? Join Daulat Farms Group of Companies ! Franchise Opportunity Join Daulat Farms Group of Companies as a franchisee and get started as an entrepreneur with a Global Brand Name...Read On ! THE ORGANIC SUPERMART (Supermarket) The Organic Supermart is a one-stop supermarket chain that aims to offer customers a wide range of Chemical Free Certified Grocery Products, Organic Ready to eat products, Organic personal care products and Organic Garments under one roof. Each The Organic Supermart stocks Chemical Free Certified Grocery Products, Organic Cerea, Organic Pulses, Organic Juice, Organic Spices, Organic Ready to eat products, Organic personal care products, Organic Beauty Products, Organic Garments, Organic Eggs & Organic Chicken, and more - available at competitive prices that our customers appreciate. Our core objective is to offer customers good products at great value. To Know More... Click Here DAULAT FARMS MILK PARLOUR (Retail Outlet) Daulat Farms A2 Milk Parlours are exclusive outlets which stores and sells entire range of Daulat Farms Milk products. The outlets are spread over 100 to 300 Sq Ft in markets, Colonies, hospitals, Streets, Residential Areas etc. where there are high footfalls. To Know More... Click Here DAULAT FARMS DAILY FRESH (Retail Outlet) Daulat Farms Daily Fresh is exclusive outlets which store and sells entire range of Daulat Farms Eggs & Chicken products. The outlets are spread over 100 to 300 Sq Ft in markets, Colonies, Streets, Residential Areas etc. where there are high footfalls. To Know More... Click Here CONTRACT FARMING Daulat Farms Group’s contract farming model is very unique and the first of its kind in India. Daulat Farms Group adopts the same cutting-edge agronomy and veterinary practices as it does on its own farm. The results of its own R&D trials are put to full use in the contract production model. In the Organic Farming All the plant inputs and plant protection products are bought by the company for its entire group of contract growers directly from the manufacturers, In the Poultry All inputs produced by own companies and poultry equipment bought from the top manufacturers and In the dairy farming all cows are bought from the certified breeders and These are supplied to the contract farmers at prices much lesser than market prices. Agriculture is the bedrock of our seed to shelf model – the very foundation of our commitment to consistent quality and food safety in both product and process. Daulat Farms Group operates direct contract farming methods to secure crops. Customer orders are converted into crop sowing plans, allowing for resource control in agriculture leading to end products with perfect quality and food safety and environmental protection. The products we sell thus meet regulatory standards in over 50 countries. The best growing areas for various crops have been identified based on years of experience` Daulat Farms Group’s main focus on producing quality products so group's technical team observes each plot and then approve suitable farms for harvesting. Our agri-operations have a positive socio-economic foot print impacting more than 8,600 farmers in key growing areas. Our operations positively impact local economies and stakeholders such as farm workers and staff for agri-operations. Women contribute significantly to our activities. The process of contract farming begins with pre-season contracts with farmers, thereby enabling a commitment to fair price. We source and provide farmers the highest quality seeds that are suitable for growing in particular climatic conditions to produce yields that adhere to quality standards that meet our customer requirements. In order to achieve this, we work with internationally renowned seed companies to select the best quality seeds determined through R&D trials. Our good agriculture practices enable differentiation in product quality and farmer yields. In order to enable least time lag between harvesting and processing, we also provide last mile pick-ups at fields. Sustainable agriculture practices result in environmental protection and safe products for our customers and end-consumers. Daulat Farms Group offers a fair-priced fixed contract rate to the farmers. Because of ongoing value addition to the farmers, there is no default by the farmers in supply. Farmers also have the assurance of a full buy-back from Daulat Farms Group and do not have to worry about marketing their produce. (1) Organic Agriculture Contract Farming (2) Dairy Contract Farming (3) Poultry Contract Farming (4) Aquaculture Contract Farming Organic Agriculture Contract Farming Daulat Farms Group has vast experience of organic cultivation, certification and documentation. We are also holding certified land with diversified cultivation areas in India. Our cultivation is enriched with varied range of climatic and soil conditions, enabling us to cultivate various products as per their climatic requirements. We have our organic certified land in Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh & Maharashtra. We have skilled field officers and technical staff involved in all the aspects of Organic cultivation and certification. Sustainable Agriculture Practices are followed that result in proper social, economic and environmental stewardship. For example to conserve water and improve fertilizer-usage efficiencies and yields, drip irrigation is implemented. Daulat Farms Group has regularly carried out R&D in integrated pest and disease management, soil fertility and nutrition optimization over many years. We stress upon cultural and biological control of pests and diseases. All our crops are GMO free and the farmers we work with are supported in growing crops through the technical guidance by qualified field personnel involving farmer training programmes. Communication on appropriate crop rotation practices and field sanitation is provided and field visits are monitored. The financing of crop growing by Daulat Farms Group through input supplies enables small and marginal farmers to take up crop growing. In case of adverse weather, any losses due to crop failure are borne by the company. In order to nurture the relationship with farmers, field and factory trips are held to educate them about Good Agriculture Practices and recognize the best farmers. Regular training programs are organised for farmers periodically. These programs are oriented towards enhancing knowledge about field cultivation practices, diseases and pest management, harvesting techniques and hygiene procedures. Organic Agriculture Contract Farming Schemes : Scheme No. 08. Daulat Farms Organic Farming Employment Generation Program To Know More... Click Here Dairy Contract Farming Scheme No. 09. Daulat Farms Cattle Farming Self Employment Generation Programme Regular training programs are organised for farmers periodically. These programs are oriented towards enhancing knowledge about farming practices, diseases and feeding management and hygiene procedures. Note : Scheme is being changed from 1 January 2018 Read More... Poultry Contract Farming Daulat Farms Group’s poultry contract farming model is very unique and the first of its kind in India. In India Daulat Farms Group is the largest Kadaknath Day Old Chicks & Chickens, Country Day Old Chicks & Chickens, Brown layer Chicks and Eggs producing company with state-of-the-art chicken processing unit and poultry feed plant. We export our products globally. Poultry farming in India has changed dramatically over the past two decades. With independent poultry farming concepts, the sector has moved into a well organized network of integrated farming also known as contract farming. Pioneered by Daulat Farms Group way back in 2009, the Indian poultry farmers today find great relief and satisfaction in this model. The integrated / contract farming model is gaining significant amount of popularity and acceptance among poultry farmers. This model protects and retains the interests of both the farmer and the integrator. The popularity of this model is influenced by the fact that the integrator takes most of the risks as opposed to an independent farmer. The integrator takes full responsibility of providing day old chicks, feed, medicines and supervision to the farmers. In addition, the integrator brings Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP), and technical know-how which leads to higher productivity. Absence of these benefits resulted in heavy investments, multiple sources of interaction, and overall poor yield to the independent farmer. Last but not the least, farmers are assured of considerable earnings in the integrated / contract farming model. Daulat Farms Group’s poultry contract farming model is very unique and the first of its kind in India. Daulat Farms Group produced quality products as per 50 country's quality standards. So, if you are ready to experience less risks and assured returns, join our ever growing family of over 8,600 farmers. Poultry Contract Farming Schemes :- SCHEME NO. 01 : DAULAT FARMS COMMERCIAL KADAKNATH CHICKEN CONTRACT FARMING SCHEME Read More... SCHEME NO. 02 : DAULAT FARMS COMMERCIAL COUNTRY CHICKEN CONTRACT FARMING SCHEME Read More... SCHEME NO. 03 : DAULAT FARMS COMMERCIAL POULTRY LAYER FARMING SCHEME Read More... SCHEME NO. 04 : DAULAT FARMS GRAMIN BHARAT POULTRY LAYER FARMING PROGRAMME Read More... SCHEME NO. 05 : DAULAT FARMS KADAKNATH FARMING SELF EMPLOYMENT GENERATION PROGRAMME Read More... SCHEME NO. 06 : DAULAT FARMS COUNTRY CHICKEN FARMING SELF EMPLOYMENT GENERATION PROGRAMME Read More... SCHEME NO. 07 : DAULAT FARMS QUAIL FARMING SELF EMPLOYMENT GENERATION PROGRAMME Read More... To Know More... Click Here Aquaculture Contract Farming In India Daulat Farms Group is one of the the largest Fish, Shrimp & Prawns producer with state-of-the-art processing unit and feed plant. We export our products more than 50 countries. Keeping in mind its valued customers of USA, EU, Mediterranean, CIS, Middle-East & Far-East and company has separate buildings in one compound to store, process and pack all products in order to avoid contamination. We have always endeavored to offer the best of the quality products in the International markets. We are giving opportunities to the farmers and young energetic peoples of India to join with Daulat Farms Group and grow with us through our various ready business models and schemes and Aquaculture Contract Farming is one of them. Aquaculture Contract Farming Schemes : Scheme No. 10. Daulat Farms Shrimp Farming Self Employment Generation Program Read More... Scheme No. 11. Daulat Farms Fish Farming Self Employment Generation Program Read More... Franchise Opportunity Are you a person obsessed towards Entrepreneurship, Success and Social change looking for a path breaking Business opportunity? Join Daulat Farms Group of Companies as a franchisee and get started as an entrepreneur with a Global Brand Name...Read On! THE ORGANIC SUPERMART (Supermarket) KNOW MORE DAULAT FARMS MILK PARLOUR (Retail Outlet) KNOW MORE DAULAT FARMS DAILY FRESH (Retail Outlet) KNOW MORE THE ORGANIC SUPERMART Start your own The Organic Supermart franchise business and be the leader in Organic industry...Hurry ! The Organic Supermart is an international brand & it started its journey in 2014 with retail sales of Certified Organic Food, Organic Grocery, Organic spices, Organic Vegetables, Organic Eggs, Organic Chickens, Organic Ready to eat products, Organic Beauty Products & Garments Etc. The Organic Supermart is a one-stop supermarket chain that aims to offer customers a wide range of Chemical Free Certified Grocery Products, Organic Ready to eat products, Organic personal care products and Organic Garments under one roof. Each The Organic Supermart stocks Chemical Free Certified Grocery Products, Organic Cerea, Organic Pulses, Organic Juice, Organic Spices, Organic Ready to eat products, Organic personal care products, Organic Beauty Products, Organic Garments, Organic Eggs & Organic Chicken, and more - available at competitive prices that our customers appreciate. Our core objective is to offer customers good products at great value. The Organic Supermart was started by Daulat Farms Group to address the growing needs of the Indian family who are living in India and overseas. Our mission to be the lowest priced retailer in the all regions in India we operate, our business continues to grow with new locations planned in more cities. The supermarket chain of The Organic Supermart is owned and operated by Daulat Farms Group of Companies. The company has its headquarters in Raipur. The Organic Supermart promises to deliver an exclusive shopping experience to its customers through a plethora of high-quality products. We offer a huge assortment of daily use products like Organic grocery, organic snack food items, organic juices, organic eggs & organic chicken, organic garments etc under one roof to make your shopping experience a sheer delight. We guarantee that at The Organic Supermart you will definitely get the best products at the best prices. With the ever-increasing array of in-house brands, it has opened doors in the world of Organic Groceries, Organic fashion and Organic Beauty care Products, including Organic ready to eat food, Organic Eggs & Organic Chicken and much more at prices that will surprise you. The Organic Supermart incredible value proposition rewards shoppers more & more for bigger purchase, every single time they shop with 100% assortment being offered below MRP all year round, while delivering a world-class shopping experience. Our Products Starting from the seeding of food at the farm to its consumption from the plate, The Organic Supermart acts as a catalyst for each of its stakeholders. From sourcing, processing, retailing to final act of consumption – Taking another leap ahead, The Organic Supermart Direct makes your grocery shopping even simpler by bringing it to your door step. No more hassles of sweating it out in crowded markets & grocery shops & supermarkets - now shop in comfort of your home; office or on the move & select from a wide range of 6000+ products. One could easily locate The Organic Supermart stores in all the major localities, residential areas, high streets, offices, and metro stations. To ensure unmatched shopping experience and availability of every daily need item under one roof, we have partnered with the leading brands in FMCG segment. Why The Organic Supermart ? Why The Organic Supermart Franchise ? The Organic Supermart Is the fastest growing chain of grocery market in India providing our customers lovers an interesting mix of traditional, modern and fusion retail shopping blends. Priced affordably, The Organic Supermart franchise program is unique as it goes beyond the prevalent notions of franchising. What we look is not a franchisee but a partner. And our relationship with our partner would be that of equals. We realize that in the growth of partner lies our own grown. With this is mind, we would Endeavour to provide as much as assistance as possible to our partners in establishing, running and maintaining his/her business. In Short, we intent to enter into a symbolic relationship with the individuals who can adopt our philosophy and replicate our business. Getting Started The Organic Supermart offers you the opportunity to won a successful franchise. Your hard work and dedication will be rewarded by using our proven formula for the establishment and day-today operation of retail store, and participating in our proven marketing programs. The Organic Supermart offers you the opportunity to be in business for yourself, not by yourself. Our role is providing you entire set up, show you how to do it, and then provide ongoing support to ensure that the business works efficiently. Establishment of The Organic Supermart Franchise :- The Establishment of your The Organic Supermart begins with the selection of location. • We help you by providing best location the minimum rental. • We plan the layout of store including signage, fixtures & fittings, grocery rack, freeze, A.C, POS Machine, staff dress, and the stock. • Every item is carefully selected to minimize set-up costs yet offer clients the highest standard of presentation. • We help you by providing advertisement and marketing store to boost up the sales of retail stores. The Organic Supermart Scope & Selection : - Step-By-Step Appointment Policy – Identification of the prospect Through reference / personal contacts / marketing / advertising / Franchise. First round of discussion, Provide basic information about our company to the applicant and discuss terms & condition. Refer channel manual. Describe the complete project to the franchise and invite him for the final round of discussion. Filling of application form by the applicant (Franchisee) Collection of application forms with the above document. A) Demand draft or Cheque for the Franchise Fee & Software fee & Security deposit amount as per the set guidelines. B) Address & Identity proof: Voters cards or Adhaar Card and Pan Card. C) Agreement or premises ownership agreement, with bank statement. Scrutiny / Verification of the documents and Inspection of store location. Approval from Franchise Head / ZCM, RM / REGIONAL HEAD, GM. Email communication from the desk of GM for the activation of the code. Shop Interior work starts and filling up the products in the store. On and off the field training by Channel Dept, operations, IT, CSS, Accounts, Sales. Certificate of training to the franchisee duly signed by FH. Welcome, Handing over the welcome kit in Regional office. Opening of the franchisee We Are Offering Franchise In India In the years of 2014 The Organic Supermart started its operation through its first COCO retail store on small size 100 sft. to 300 sft. Area. The Organic Supermart is giving door step delivery to its customer through our retail stores. The Organic Supermart now came with franchise model in 2017 as a departmental and convenience store on 300 sft area to 500 sft area with FOCO Model and FOFO Model. We stock an Expansive range of daily need Certified Organic Food, Organic Grocery, Organic spices, Organic Vegetables, Organic Eggs, Organic Chickens, Organic Ready to eat products, Organic Beauty Products & Garments Etc. Today The Organic Supermart has become a well-known name in the retail industry with our unmatched services, attractive prices and high-quality products; we have touched the lives of young customers. Now we are giving franchise in both segment, SHOP FROM HOME and OUTLET STORE The Organic Supermart Franchise Program Being aligned with our vision, we have planned to provide our services to a large customer base through our franchise program. Leveraging on the need for basic drink, we seek partners who are willing to share our vision. The Organic Supermart has created an opportunity for aspiring entrepreneurs and businessmen to get associated with itself in the form of Franchise. Our Retail Franchise Model :- A. FOFO Model Franchise (Franchise Owned Franchise Operated) The Organic Supermart (Super Mega) The Organic Supermart (Mega) B. FOCO Model Franchise (Franchise Owned Company Operated) The Organic Supermart (Super Mega) The Organic Supermart (Mega) The Organic Supermart (Super Mega) The Organic Supermart (Super Mega) - Franchise FOCO Model The Organic Supermart (Super Mega) is mega store retail chain of Daulat Farms Group in India. All the Certified Organic Food, Organic Grocery, Organic spices, Organic Vegetables, Organic Eggs, Organic Chickens, Organic Ready to eat products, Organic Beauty Products & Garments Etc. We have planned to provide our services to a large customer base through our Super market franchise program. 1. Products : Certified Organic Food, Organic Grocery, Organic spices, Organic Vegetables, Organic Eggs, Organic Chickens, Organic Ready to eat products, Organic Beauty Products & Garments Etc. 2. Company Supports : TV Advertisement, News Paper Ad, Radio, Pamphlets, Support Hoardings, Social Media Ad, 3. Income : *Approximate Rs. 5 to 15 Lac Per Month Franchise Requirement 1. Area/Size 2000 Sq ft To 20000 Sq ft 2. Franchise Investment Cost (Interior Cost, Rs.5000/ SQ FT Non-Refundable Products Cost, Operation Cost) 3. Franchise Fee Rs.500/- SQ FT 4. Software Fee Rs. 50000/ Per Logins From Second Logins Rs. 1 lac Extra 5. Agreement Time 10 Years 6. 2 Security Deposit Undated Cheques Rs. 10,00,000/- Each Franchise Income & Company Support :- Calculation of Income From Super Mega Franchise FOCO Model Company's Work : • Company will take the store on rent. and will pay the rent of the store. • Company will pay electricity bill of the Supermarket Franchise. • Company will pay the salary of staff working in Supermarket Franchise. • Company will bear all the operational and petty expenses. • Company will do the marketing, promotion and advertisement of the supermarket franchise to boost up the sales in the store. • Company will display a wide range of sale-able products in the store. • Company will do the interior of the supermarket store. Income to Super Mega Franchise : • Company will pay 10 % Commission on total Monthly sales generated in the same Supermarket Store. • Company will pay 12% Assured guaranteed Income per annum on total investment cost of the franchise. *Calculation of Income :- Projection Lets Take an example of 2000 Sqft Area of Supermarket Franchise:- Per Month Approximate Sales Rs. 1.5 Crore Lac ( Per Day Rs 5,00,000 ) Commission on monthly Sales is 10 % = Total Income Rs. 15,00,000 P.M. 1 Assured Guaranteed Income 12% Per Annum 2 Income on total monthly sales 10% Commission Rs.15,00,000/- P.M Apply Online... Click Here The Organic Supermart (Mega) The Organic Supermart (Mega) Franchise FOCO Model The Organic Supermart (Mega) is retail store chain of The Organic Supermart in India. All the products Certified Organic Food, Organic Grocery, Organic spices, Organic Vegetables, Organic Eggs, Organic Chickens, Organic Ready to eat products, Organic Beauty Products & Garments Etc. We have planned to provide our services to a Wide customer base through our Smart market franchise program. 1. Products : Certified Organic Food, Organic Grocery, Organic spices, Organic Vegetables, Organic Eggs, Organic Chickens, Organic Ready to eat products, Organic Beauty Products & Garments Etc. 2. Company Supports : TV Advertisement, News Paper Ad, Radio, Pamphlets, Support Hoardings, Social Media Ad, 3 Income : *Approximate Rs. 2 to 5 Lac Per Month Franchise Requirement 1. Area/Size 300 Sq ft To 1500 Sq ft 2. Franchise Investment Cost (Interior Cost, Rs.5000/ Sqft Non-Refundable Products Cost, Operation Cost) 3. Franchise Fee Rs.3,50,000/- 4. Software Fee Rs. 50000/ Per Logins From Second Logins Rs. 1lac Extra Per Logins 5. Agreement Time 10 Years 6. 2 Security Deposit Undated Cheques Rs. 5,00,000/- Each Franchise Income & Company Support :- Calculation of Income From Mega Franchise FOCO Model Company's Work : • Company will take the store on rent. and will pay the rent of the store. • Company will pay electricity bill of the Smart Market Franchise. • Company will pay the salary of staff working in Smart Market Franchise. • Company will bear all the operational and petty expenses. • Company will do the marketing, promotion and advertisement of the franchise to boost up the sales in the store. • Company will display a wide range of sale-able products in the store. • Company will do the interior of the Smart Market store. Income of Mega Franchise • Company will pay 10 % Commission on total Monthly sales generated in the same Store. • Company will pay 12% Assured guaranteed Income per annum on total investment cost of the franchise. *Calculation of Income :- Projection Lets Take an example of 300 Sqft Area of Smart Market Franchise :- Per Month Approximate Sales Rs. 45 Lac Per Month (Per Day Rs1,50,000 ) Commission on monthly Sales is 10 % = Total Income Rs. 4,50,000 P.M 1. Assured Guaranteed Income 12% Per Annum 2. Income on total monthly sales 10% Rs. 4,50,000/- P.M Apply Online... Click Here The Organic Supermart (Super Mega) The Organic Supermart (Super Mega) Franchise FOFO Model 1. Products : Certified Organic Food, Organic Grocery, Organic spices, Organic Vegetables, Organic Eggs, Organic Chickens, Organic Ready to eat products, Organic Beauty Products & Garments Etc. 2. Company Support : TV Advertisement, News Paper Ad, Radio, Pamphlets, Support Hoardings , Social Media Ad, 3. Income : *Approximate Rs. 2 to 5 Lac Per Month Requirement To Became Franchisee : 1. Area/Size : 1100 Sq ft To 5000 Sq ft 2. Franchise Fee : Rs. 8,50,000/- 3. Software Fee : Rs. 50,000/ Per Logins 4. Products Cost (Minimum Order) Rs. 2000/- Per Sq ft Approximate* 5. Interior according to company layout Rs. 1000/- Per Sq ft Approximate* 6. 2 Security Deposit Undated Cheques Rs. 10,00,000/- Each Calculation of Income :- Lets Take an example of 2000 Sq ft Area of Franchise :- Per Month Approximate Sales Rs. 60 Lac Per Month (Per Day Rs 2,00,000 ) Average Margin on monthly Sales is 20% = Total Income Rs.12,00,000 P.M. Total Income of Franchisee Rs., 12,00,000 / P.M Company will charge 5% Royalty on total sales. Apply Online... Click Here The Organic Supermart (Mega) The Organic Supermart (Mega) Franchise FOFO Model 1. Products Grocery : Certified Organic Food, Organic Grocery, Organic spices, Organic Vegetables, Organic Eggs, Organic Chickens, Organic Ready to eat products, Organic Beauty Products & Garments Etc. 2. Company Support : TV Advertisement, News Paper Ad, Radio, Pamphlets, Support Hoardings , Social Media Ad, 3. Income : *Approximate Rs. 2 to 5 Lac Per Month Requirement To Become Franchisee : 1. Area/Size 300 Sqft To 1000 Sqft 2. Franchise Fee Rs. 3,50,000/- 3. Software Fee Rs. 50,000/ Per Logins 4. Products Cost (Minimum Order) Rs. 3000/- Per Sq ft Approximate* 5. Interior according to company layout Rs. 1000/- Per Sq ft Approximate* 6. 2 Security Deposit Undated Cheques Rs. 5,00,000/- Each *Calculation of Income :- Projection Lets Take an example of 300 Sqft Area of Mega Franchise :- Per Month Approximate Sales Rs. 30 Lac Per Month (Per Day Rs 1,00,000 ) Average Margin on monthly Sales is 20% = Total Income Rs. 600,000 P.M. Income on total monthly sales 15% Commission Rs. 6,00,000/- P.M Total Income of Franchisee Rs., 6,00,000 / P.M Company will charge 5% Royalty on total sales. Apply Online... Click Here Daulat Farms A2 Milk Parlour Daulat Farms A2 Milk Parlours are exclusive outlets which stores and sells entire range of Daulat Farms Milk products. The outlets are spread over 100 to 300 Sq Ft in markets, Colonies, hospitals, Streets, Residential Areas etc. where there are high footfalls. The franchisee will have a prebuilt shop / space in a good location either owned or rented. The franchisee is expected to bear the entire cost (interiors and equipment, excluding property cost) of setting up the store which is expected to be in the range of Rs. 1.50 lacs to Rs. 6.00 lacs depending upon the format. Our wholesale dealers will supply stocks at the parlour and the franchisee will avail retail margin. Retail margins will vary from product to product. Franchisee need not pay any royalty or share any revenue with Daulat Farms Group. Working capital requirement would be extra depending upon sales volume. Expected monthly sales turnover will vary from place to place depending on location of the parlour. It may be in the range of Rs. 5 lac to Rs 10 lac per month. Requirement To Become Daulat Farms A2 Milk Parlour Outlet Franchisee : 1. Area/Size : 100 Sq ft To 300 Sq ft 2. Franchise Investment Cost : (Interior Cost & Equipment Cost Rs. 2000/ SQ FT Non-Refundable) Plus Operational expenses 3. Franchise Fee : Rs.350/- Sq ft 4. Software Fee : Rs. 5000/ Per Logins 5. Agreement Period : 5 Years 6. 2 Security Deposit Undated Cheques Rs. 1,00,000/- Each 7. Security Deposit : Rs. 50,000/- (Refundable) BENEFITS TO THE FRANCHISEE : Average Returns on MRP 2.5% - 15 % milk & Milk Products. Additional Purchase margins Exclusive consumer offers Free Brand Signage Training For Parlour Boy or Owner No Profit Sharing / No Royalty to the Company Anyone with a very small capital base and good business acumen can become our franchisee. It requires very little investment and working capital. We also provide additional retail margins, exclusive consumer offers, equipment purchase supports, free brand signage etc. All recurring expenses such as employee cost, electricity charges, shop rentals etc. would be borne by the franchisee out of the gross retail margins earned. Apply Online... Click Here Daulat Farms Daily Fresh Daulat Farms Daily Fresh is exclusive outlets which store and sells entire range of Daulat Farms Eggs & Chicken products. The outlets are spread over 100 to 300 Sq Ft in markets, Colonies, Streets, Residential Areas etc. where there are high footfalls. The franchisee will have a prebuilt shop / space in a good location either owned or rented. The franchisee is expected to bear the entire cost (interiors and equipment, excluding property cost) of setting up the store which is expected to be in the range of Rs. 1.50 lacs to Rs. 6.00 lacs depending upon the format. Our wholesale dealers will supply stocks at the outlet and the franchisee will avail retail margin. Retail margins will vary from product to product. Franchisee need not pay any royalty or share any revenue with Daulat Farms Group. Working capital requirement would be extra depending upon sales volume. Expected monthly sales turnover will vary from place to place depending on location of the outlet. It may be in the range of Rs. 5 lac to Rs 10 lac per month. Requirement To Become Daulat Farms Daily Fresh Retail Outlet Franchisee : 1. Area/Size : 100 Sq ft To 300 Sq ft 2. Franchise Investment Cost : (Interior Cost & Equipment Cost Rs. 2500/ SQ FT Non-Refundable) Plus Operational expenses 3. Franchise Fee : Rs. 400/- Sq ft 4. Software Fee : Rs. 5000/ Per Logins 5. Agreement Period : 10 Years 6. 2 Security Deposit Undated Cheques Rs. 1,00,000/- Each 7. Security Deposit : Rs. 50,000/- (Refundable) BENEFITS TO THE FRANCHISEE : Average Returns on MRP 8% - 20% in Eggs & Chicken. Additional Purchase margins Exclusive consumer offers Free Brand Signage Training For outlet Boy or Owner No Profit Sharing / No Royalty to the Company Anyone with a very small capital base and good business acumen can become our franchisee. It requires very little investment and working capital. We also provide additional retail margins, exclusive consumer offers, equipment purchase supports, free brand signage etc. All recurring expenses such as employee cost, electricity charges, shop rentals etc. would be borne by the franchisee out of the gross retail margins earned. Apply Online... Click Here 24x7 Live Chat Support Daulat Organic Farms and Exports, a Government of India Recognized Export House, is part of the Daulat Farms Group of Companies, having diversified business into areas of Organic Agricultural Commodities, Organic Ready-to-Eat Food, Organic Indian Spices, Organic Herbs, Organic Groceries, Milk, Milk Products, Chicken, Eggs, Fish, Prawns, Shrimp, Poultry Feed, Organic Poultry Feed, Cattle Feed, Organic Fertilizer Since 2009, the group has been making progress in leaps and bounds for exporting products and commodities to even the far-reaching corners of the world. Every day, we create sustainable models of adhering to the best practices in the industry. We have always endeavored to offer the best of the quality products in the International markets. Daulat Organic Farms and Exports offers the best of Agricultural Commodities, Poultry & Ready-to-Eat Products. To cater growing demands of customers & to handle more variety of cargo, in 2012 company came up with an ULTRA-MODERN STATE-OF-THE-ART facility to PROCESS-CLEAN-SORT and pack its products. Keeping in mind its high value customers of USA, EU, Mediterranean, CIS, Middle-East & Far-East and company has separate buildings in one compound to store, process and pack all products in order to avoid contamination. Starting with only few products, company now actively deals in more than 300 different products & varieties. Quality and hygiene conscious in our processing and production catered to varied importers and quickly built a reputation for a class product and satisfied customers list. Please explore our Products Section to know more about our extensive portfolio under both the categories. Vision & Mission Sustainable growth for all with team work, integrity & transparency. Catering maximum no. of customers with maximum no. of products with high quality, reliability & consistency. One stop shop for a customer looking for a long-term business co-operation & growth. Strength & Values Ultra-modern state-of-the-art infrastructure. Young, Competent & Focused team. Reliability, Consistency & Timely processing of contracts. Highest quality control. In-house sterilization. Fully automatic-Hygienic-Cleaned processing facility. Customized solutions of packing & quality for specific requirements. ERP enabled company ensuring systematic & smoother operations. Private labels are welcomed. Quality Quality of the products plays very important role. That’s why we at Daulat Farms Group treat it as never ending process and hence focus on improving quality of our products which will be done under experienced supervisors. Packaging Understanding the needs of our customer, we take special care of the products while packing to ensure their safety, purity & hygiene. The superior quality of packaging ensures moisture proof long shelf life, quality and easy storage of products. Our packaging unit is equipped with sophisticated packing machines for high standard of quality output. Infrastructure We have advanced processing plants, like Distoner, Gravity separator, Sortex machine, pulverizer ( Grinding plant) and Packing machines Process Having got complete infrastructure to handle from farm stage to milling to grading to conditioning to packing to logistics with trained professionals which enables us to handle large volume contracts & shipments.We mainly purchase the raw material from local as well as outstation market ensuring that the material is sourced from the producing centre, where fresh & latest product is available with highest quality. Sterilization Greater flavor retention, extended product shelf life, improved product appearance and texture, prevent microbial contamination and degradation of the product. We can sterilize food products to control micro contamination in food products to required level.At Daulat Farms Group we are totally committed towards the demand and supply. The modern well established processing plant, fully committed & well trained staff , regular market research, understanding the modern tastes and immediate switch over practice which made us strongly root our stand in this competitive markets.We have been guided by the vision to be best in the manner in which we operate, best in the products we deliver and best in our value system and pure business ethics. Private Labeling We offer private labeling or white labeling solutions to companies who do not have the expertise and machinery to handle the production process. We handle the complete production from scratch. We allow white labeling of all our products to marketers who want to re-brand it under their brand name. We manufacture and export over 300 products. You can have your own brand and product identity. We are amongst the top private label food manufacturers. Our products excel in quality control, flavour and food safety. We strive to satisfy the tastes of our discerning customers. At Daulat Organic Farms & Exports, we are always looking for new ways to innovate and improve. Our team is skilled in producing, packing, and exporting quality private label food products. We make sure to meet the sanitation and hygiene standards and uphold the integrity and pride of our organisation with a great culinary legacy and outstanding service. Certifications Organic Farming Projects: All the farming projects are under Organic Certification for US NOP and Indian NPOP organic standards. Organic Products and Processing facilities and warehouses: The products and processing units are also certified for Regulation USDA NOP and Indian NPOP. Food Safety & Quality: Our processing units have some of the following food safety and other certifications: ISO 9001, ISO 22000, HACCP, GMP (Good manufacturing facilities), GHP (Good Hygiene Practices), FSSAI ( Food Safety and Standards Authority of India ), BRC (British Retail Consortium), Kosher & Halal. We are registered with FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India) and US FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration). Organic Food Products Daulat Farms Group's Organic Farming was born in 2009 with a very noble & dedicated cause to rehome Gaumata (Cow) at farm, to make Indian agriculture chemical free blessed with Gobar (cow dung) and Gaumutra (cow urine), to make dedicated efforts to come back human life from various death causing illness, toward true wellness. Our farmers are carefully chosen and trained to work towards practicing environment-friendly farming techniques. From the chemical-free soil to the grains being hand-picked – everything you see is organically farmed to give you the highest quality product. We check the soil quality, cropping pattern, prevalent crop rotation and the nutrient levels in the soil. While doing this, we ensure that the chosen region has suitable weather and temperature conditions. We follow a series of practices like soil fertility management, seed collection, biodiversity, composting, water management, crop rotation and protection which are extremely efficient and regenerative in nature. With a combination of traditional and state-of-the-art machinery, we have an effective yet efficient way of functioning. All products are stored in a hygienic environment for infestation control. Our advanced practices and dehydration technologies ensure that all our products retain their maximum level of potency. Our products are dehydrated in a dry, sterile environment to prevent the chances of a phytochemical breakdown. We have a specialized mechanism to preserve the matrix of bio-active molecules possessed by all the products by grinding them at low temperatures. What we provide you as final products are of the highest quality, pure and natural. Daulat Farms Organic Products Whole Spices Spice Powder Dal/Pulses Rice Atta/Flour Grains, Cereal & Pulses Sugar & Jaggery Dry Fruits Millet Edible Oil Tea & Coffee Salt Papad Pickle Jam & Sauce Culinary & Paste Others Whole Spices Jeera /Cumin Kali Mirch /Black Pepper Ilaichi /Cardamom Ajwain/Ajma Rai Methi/Fenugreek Laung/Clove Hing Tej patta /Bay Leaves Coriander/Dhania Whole Red Chilli Flakes Nutmeg/Jayfal Mace/Javantri Isabgol Seed Isabgol Husk Cinnamon/Dalchini Mustard Smal Sauf/Fennal Red Chilli Whole Tamarind/Imli Dry Ginger Flakes Mustard Big KNOW MORE Spice Powder Turmeric /Haldi Powder Red Chili/Lal Mirch powder Coriander/Dhania/Dhana Powder Cumin/Jeera Powder Dry Ginger Powder Cinnamon/Dalchini Powder Amchur Powder Punjabi Garam masala Garam Masala Sabji Masala Pav Bhaji Masala Chhole Masala Shambhar Masala Chat Masala Pani Puri Masala KNOW MORE Dal/Pulses Toor Dal/Arhar Dal/Split Peagen Pea Urad Dal (Black)/Split Black Gram (with skin) Urad Dal (White)/Split Black Gram (without skin) Chana Dal/Split Bengal Gram Masoor Dal/Pink Lentil Split Moong Dal/Split Green Gram Mix Dal KNOW MORE Rice Premium Basmati Rice Premium Biryani Basmati Rice Premium Brown Basmati Rice Basmati Rice Shella Sona Masoori Rice Brown Sona Masoori Rice Ambe Mohar Rice Indrayani Rice Ambe Mohar Rice Handpounded Indrayani Rice Handpounded Red Rice Black Rice KNOW MORE Atta/Flour Premium Whole Wheat Flour Premium Wheat Flour Extra Fiber Multigrain Atta Rice Flour Wheat Suji/Semolina Maida Gram Flour/Besan Maize Flour/Makka Atta Millet Flour/Bajra Atta Juvar/Sorghum Flour Finger Millet Flour/ Ragi Flour KNOW MORE Grains, Cereal & Pulses Red Kidney Beans/Red Rajma Rajma Chitra Rajma Sharmili Kabuli Chana/Chickpeas (White) Kala Chana/Brown Chickpea Cowpea/Chawli/Lobiya Groundnut/Peanut Green Peas/Green Mutter Soyabean Whole Quinoa Barley Seed/Jav Moth Beans/Turkish Gram Sesame/ Til KNOW MORE Sugar & Jaggery White Sugar (Sulphurless) Brown Sugar Sugar Candy/Mishri Whole Jaggery Jaggery Powder Jaggery Granules KNOW MORE Dry Fruits Almond /Badam Cashew /Kaju (Whole) Pista Roasted Cashew Jumbo Whole/Kaju Whole (Jumbo) Cashew Split/ kaju (Split) Dry Dates/Chhuhara Raisin / Kishmish KNOW MORE Millet Foxtail Millet Kodo Millet Proso Millet Barnyard Millet Little Millet Finger Millet/Ragi Pearl Millet/Bajara Mix Millet KNOW MORE Others Kesar /Saffron Wild Honey White Beaten Rice/Poha (White) Red Beaten Rice/Poha (Red) White Beaten Rice (Thick)/Poha (Thick) White Thin Beaten Rice/Poha (Thin) Flex Seed/Alsi Raasted Flex Seed Jaljeera Powder Roasted Split Bengal Gram (Skinless) Premium Wheat Flakes Premium Corn Flakes Murmura/Mamra /Puffed rice KNOW MORE Oil Sessame Oil Groundnut Oil Mustard Oil Sunflower Oil KNOW MORE Tea & Coffee Premium Assam Tea Premium Coffee Premium Green Tea Premium Tea Masala Premium Assam Tea Bag Premium Assam Tea Leaves KNOW MORE Salt Black Salt/Sanchal/Kala Namak Premium Himalyan Pink Rock Salt Pink Rock Salt /Sendha Namak KNOW MORE Papad Premium Masala Papad Premium Plain Papad Premium Urad Papad KNOW MORE Pickle Premium Mango Pickle Premium Mix Pickle Premium Lemon Pickle Premium Green Chilli Pickle KNOW MORE Jam & Sauce Premium Strawberry Jam Premium Mix Fruit Jam Premium Hot N Sour Sauce KNOW MORE Culinary & Paste Ginger Paste Garlic Paste Ginger Garlic Paste Red Chilli Chutney KNOW MORE Day Old Chicks, Eggs & Chicken Daulat Farms Group started India's First Organic Poultry Breeding Farms by Own Research & Development Centre, Poultry Hatchery and Poultry Feed plant by developing 24 Acres of farm land and production capacity of day old chicks 2 Crore yearly. The Daulat Farms Group is one of the largest Desi Chicken, Kadaknath Chicken, Desi Eggs, Brown Eggs and Day Old Chicks producers in India. Through an unwavering commitment towards quality, excellence and strategic integration, we have built a diverse portfolio of operations that include grandparent stock, parent stock, hatcheries, Organic farming, Free Range Poultry farming, Layer farming, feed production, poultry processing, large-scale mechanized farming and equipment fabrication. Today we remain singularly focused on providing carefully raised, fresh, local chicken to the India & Many other cuntries. We trace our roots back to a single, small egg farm. A lot has changed over Many Years, including the switch from selling table eggs to growing chickens. But our biggest changes came through a focus on "small." In the 2009, with a nascent consumer consciousness around food production, we moved away from the trend toward bigger, faster and cheaper. We focused on our consumers in the India, US, Canada, UK, Malaysia, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Germany, Switzerland Etc. and on how we raise chickens. We removed from chicken feed the animal by-products that are often used as a cheap source of protein. We stopped the common practice of using antibiotics. We follow a simple guiding principle: "the way nature intended." All of our chickens are raised in a reduced stress environment, fed an all-vegetarian diet with no animal fats or animal proteins, and never, ever receive any antibiotics. Our Products Day Old Chicks Live Chicken Country (Deshi) Eggs Brown Eggs Special Eggs Day Old Chicks Daulat Organic Kadaknath Daulat Organic Country Chicken Daulat Organic Brown (Layer) Daulat Country 42 Daulat Country 77 Daulat Brown (Layer) Kadaknath Cross Kadaknath Pure line (Original) Vanraja Giriraja KNOW MORE Live Chicken Daulat Organic Kadaknath Daulat Organic Country Chicken Daulat Country 42 Daulat Country 77 Kadaknath Cross Kadaknath Pure line (Original) Vanraja Giriraja KNOW MORE Country Chicken (Deshi) Eggs Daulat Farms Deshi Eggs Daulat Farms Free Range Deshi Eggs KNOW MORE Brown Eggs Daulat Farms Brown Eggs Daulat Farms Free Range Brown Eggs KNOW MORE Special Eggs Daulat Farms Omega3 Brown Eggs Daulat Farms Omega3 Deshi Eggs Daulat Farms Organic Brown Eggs Daulat Farms Organic Deshi Eggs Daulat Farms Pasture raised Deshi Eggs Daulat Farms Kadaknath Organic Eggs KNOW MORE Milk & Milk Products Daulat Farms A2 Milk is the most hygienic liquid milk available in the market which is easy to digest and good for children, youth, old aged people and pregnant lady. Daulat Farms A2 Milk is cow milk from the Indian Deshi Cow Breeds. It is pasteurized in state-of-the-art processing plants and packed to make it conveniently available to consumers. Instantly Homogenized, Pasteurized, chilled and packaged farm fresh milk - Daulat Farms Milk is instantly Pasteurized & Homogenized at a genuine temperature, so that we can retain its nutrition’s value after pasteurization & Homogenization, it is being chilled, packaged in air-tight sterilized bottles and sent on its way to you in a process that has no human contact. This ensures that we maintain 100% purity as well as keep the taste and texture of the milk intact. The milk is 100% unadulterated and free of preservatives. Daulat Farms A2 Milk can be direct consumption, making of tea, coffee, sweets, khoya, buttermilk, curd, ghee etc. Daulat Farms Milk Products Fresh Milk Flavoured Milk Curd (Dahi) Paneer Ghee Milk Daulat Farms A2 Milk Daulat Farms A2 Cream Milk KNOW MORE Specialty Milk Daulat Farms A2 Milk Kesar Daulat Farms A2 Milk Ilaichi Daulat Farms A2 Milk Badam Daulat Farms A2 Milk Chocolate KNOW MORE Curd (Dahi) Daulat Farms A2 Milk Premium Curd KNOW MORE Paneer Daulat Farms A2 Milk Premium Paneer KNOW MORE Ghee Daulat Farms A2 Milk Premium Ghee KNOW MORE Poultry, Cattle & Aqua Feed We produce one of the best quality feeds available in the market. We are providing reliable, traceable, proven and sustainable, quality finished poultry feeds and cattle feeds. State-of-the-art feed milling technology, the finest in Asia. Highest quality raw materials are used to produce the best poultry feed and cattle feed in adequate quantities to meet round the year requirements. We maintain hygienic, bio-secured stock points to store raw materials and finished products. Our feed is lab tested at every level from production till packaging to keep a tab on its nutritional value. Strict quality control measures are followed at each point of the production stages. Fully equipped quality control laboratories attached to all feed mills for analysis of raw material and finished feed quality working around the clock to deliver the quality product. Our Products Poultry Feed Cattle Feed Aqua Feed Poultry Feed Daulat Farms BABY CHICK Daulat Farms LET'S GROW Daulat Farms LET'S LAY EGG Daulat Farms JUST BORN Daulat Farms JUST GROW Daulat Farms EGG BOOSTER KNOW MORE Cattle Feed Daulat Farms Cattle Feed KNOW MORE Aquaculture Feed Daulat Farms Fish Feed Daulat Farms Shrimp Feed Daulat Farms Prawn Feed KNOW MORE Fish, Prawns & Shrimp Our processing plant has been built in accordance with the latest National, EU & US FDA Norms which ensure total process Control and is well accessible to the main Landing Centre. The uniqueness of the plant is that it provides for a uniform flow of material from the pre-processing area to the Processing Hall, Freezing, Packing , Storage and then the finished goods are loaded directly from our Cold Store into Reefer Containers to maintain the cold chain. Our Products Varieties of Fish Varieties of Prawns Varieties of Shrimp Fish KNOW MORE Prawn & Shrimp KNOW MORE Frozen Foods With today's fast paced lifestyle taking over most homes in India, putting together a wholesome meal for your family is never easy. We all feel the need for hygienic and good quality products that can be conveniently bought and stored. Daulat Farms Daily Protein - Food for Good Health! is the answer to your needs. Processed to international quality standards, Daulat Farms Daily Protein frozen organic chicken & Prawns is the ultimate choice for the modern day families. Savour the delicacies from a comprehensive range of frozen Organic kadaknath chicken and Organic Country chicken. Daulat Farms Daily Protein is available at all leading supermarkets and departmental stores in cities across the globe and at Dauat Farms Daily Fresh Protein Rozana outlets. Daulat Farms Daily Protein products are available in convenient tray packs for retail sale. Quick frozen to retain freshness, Daulat Farms Daily Protein brings you good health and great taste of Organic fresh chicken at your convenience. Our Products Frozen Chicken Frozen Fish Frozen Prawns Frozen Shrimp Chicken KNOW MORE Fish KNOW MORE Prawn & Shrimp KNOW MORE Organic Fertilizer Daulat Organix is a product of Daulat Farms Group's Farm and Garden Products Division, which is known for its quality and productivity. We believe that the full benefits of recycling can only be attained if the resulting product is used in an ecologically beneficial manner. Daulat Organix is a product created from nutrient rich organic by-products of cow, poultry, agro, and vegetables, with the guidance of expertise and pioneers in the field. Naturally available NPK & Micro nutrients in the ingredients are made to fusion with Micro & macro organisms, and Product is developed with unique technology. It is enriched with bacterial & fungal culture, which augments soil fertility and plant’s productivity. It is tested for quality parameters in the technological lab to ensure it is suitable for plants to grow and balance Earth’s eco-cycle. Daulat Organix is suitable for Vegetables, all Agri Crops, Lawns, Nursery Spices, Floriculture and Horticulture. Make a difference Join us… to give back to nature. Let us together build healthy soil for better tomorrow! Our Products Organic Fertilizer For Plants Organic Fertilizer For Crops Daulat Organix Garden Grow KNOW MORE Daulat Organix Healthy Crop KNOW MORE 24x7 Live Chat Support Home About us Group Companies Products Exports Research Partner with us Certifications Career Press Releases Shop Online Contact us Organic Food Dairy Poultry Egg Fish & Prawn Organic Fertilizer Press Releases BIO SECURITY IN POULTRY CHICKEN EGGS KADAKNATH LAYER ORGANIC CHICKEN POULTRY POULTRY BREED December 13, 2018|POULTRY, ORGANIC CHICKEN, CHICKEN, LAYER, POULTRY BREED, KADAKNATH, BIO SECURITY IN POULTRY, EGGS Biosecurity & disease prevention in Poultry Farming in India Detailed Study on Poultry Farming in India, We are Helping Farmer & Energising Rural India : Daulat Breeding Farms and Research Centre CONTINUE READING November 27, 2018|POULTRY, ORGANIC CHICKEN, CHICKEN, LAYER, POULTRY BREED, KADAKNATH, EGGS New Poultry Breed "Daulat Country-77" For high Egg production Daulat Farms group is announcing a new poultry Breed " DAULAT COUNTRY-77 " for poultry farmers with low feed consumption and disease resistance breed, This is High Egg Producer Breed, 270-280 Eggs. This Breed is Develope... CONTINUE READING Biosecurity & disease prevention in Poultry Farming in India December 13, 2018|POULTRY, ORGANIC CHICKEN, CHICKEN, LAYER, POULTRY BREED, KADAKNATH, BIO SECURITY IN POULTRY, EGGS Detailed Study on Poultry Farming in India, We are Helping Farmer & Energising Rural India : Daulat Breeding Farms and Research Centre Biosecurity practices and farm hygiene are implemented on poultry farms to reduce the risk of disease agents moving on to farms from outside sources (eg wild bird populations or from other farms), the movement of disease agents between sheds on the same farm, carry over of disease agents from one batch to the next in the shed environment, and carry over of disease agents from breeding flocks to their progeny via the egg. Farmers take a range of precautions to prevent entry of diseases onto poultry farms. Biosecurity for Backyard Poultry Production The increasing popularity of backyard poultry production as either a hobby or a means of alleviating poverty in lesser developed countries has recently received increasing interest. Village and backyard poultry production has become an essential aspect of daily survival in countries such as South Africa, India and the Pacific Islands. For this reason, biosecurity is of utmost importance in protecting flocks from deadly diseases and by safeguarding valuable economic investments and community development. Depending on the circumstances, if live birds (chicks) are purchased it is essential that birds of different species or age are never mixed, due to the varying immune abilities of different breeds and ages. What one bird/breed may be immune to may be deadly to another. Housing cleanliness and hygiene is essential in curbing disease spread. Litter must be kept clean and dry at all times, wet or dirty litter can contribute to pathogen development which can result in such diseases as “breast blisters and foot pad dermatitis”. By following strict routine and biosecurity practices (see above) including maintaining basic record sheets (eggs-laid, mortality, feed-consumed) the backyard/village producer will also be able to observe when a disease agent may have penetrated the flock. As implementing biosecurity is the most cost effective disease prevention means available, by following these three simple rules: “Isolation, Traffic Control & Sanitation”, the producer should effectively be able to minimize any preventable disease outbreaks. It is also important never to share tools or equipment or accept birds from neighbours. By effectively separating birds in an enclosure, the likelihood of them coming into contact with pathogen carrying animals or these animals accessing the flock can significantly be reduced. Though wild-birds present a direct threat to biosecurity, it is essential to ensure that household pets do not come into contact with the flock. It is also necessary that the producer remember to disinfect their hands/clothing and shoes after being in direct contact with other livestock and family pets. Sanitation is highly important to successful disease control. Choosing an effective sanitation product to curb disease development depends on the producers individual circumstances (such as cost, transport & degree of operation). Sanitation (disinfectant) products can be broken up into: Phenols Hypochlorites (chlorine) Iodophors (iodine) Quaternary ammonium Formaldehyde gas Formaldehyde powder Alkali (lye) Chlorhexidine (Nolvasan) In choosing a sanitation product it is important to consider what type of surface each is best suited for. Phenol is an effective agent in controlling disease growth in organic environments, or in other words “dirty environments”, whereas Hypochlorites and Iodophors are better suited to sanitise processing areas such as benches, walls & foot-baths. It is recommended that the producer seek professional advice on which sanitiser is best suited for their production needs. An effective pest-control program is important to guarantee the success of backyard and village poultry biosecurity. As rodents, in particular rats & mice, are attracted to poultry feed combined with their ability to enter even the most well fenced off areas, baiting is as important to biosecurity as is good sanitisation. Early detection and effectively being able to identify contagious disease outbreaks is very important in implementing harm minimization action. Though biosecurity measures might appear to be functioning soundly, the imminent risk of disease outbreak does not diminish. IMMEDIATE action to further prevent the disease from spreading MUST be taken (including quarantining visibly affected birds and contacting a Veterinarian or poultry expert) should the flock at any time demonstrate any of the following symptoms: Lack of energy and appetite Decreased egg production Soft-shelled eggs or misshapen eggs Swelling of the head, eyes, comb, wattles and hocks Purple discoloration of the wattles, combs and legs Nasal discharge Coughing, wheezing and sneezing Lack of coordination in mobility Diarrhea Sudden or excessive mortality without clinical signs Need a quick disease diagnosis? Cost-effective rapid tests for a range of poultry diseases are now available from the Daulat Breeding Farms and Research Centre, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India. Risk from human movement As people are considered to be one of the biggest risks insofar as carrying poultry diseases onto chicken farms, particularly on their footwear, clothing, hands and even vehicles, growers take a number of measures to minimize the risks they pose. These may include: Signage and gates at access points to the farm to discourage / prevent unauthorized entry to the farm Visitors and service providers to the farm must wear overalls and boots provided by the farmer; Provision of foot washing baths at the entrance of each shed for disinfection of footwear prior to shed entry Vehicle movements onto the farm are minimized, and vehicles or equipment that may have visited another farm may be required to be washed down before entry Where people or vehicles must move between farms on the same day without a thorough disinfection between farm visits, movements are scheduled such that the youngest flocks are visited first and the oldest last. As wild birds can carry some diseases onto the farm, a number of measures are taken to minimize the possibility of wild birds (or their droppings) coming in contact with the chicken flock. These measures include : wire netting the sheds so that they are bird proof; farmers (and their employees) are not allowed to keep any birds as pets; wild birds are discouraged from visiting the farm site, by ensuring that there is no spilled feed left lying around and, where practical, no dams that attract water birds; where the water that supplies the shed could be contaminated by wild birds eg dam or river water, it must be sanitized. Disease prevention Farmers have a documented pest control program to reduce the risk of diseases being carried on to the farm by rodents. Strict records are kept by the farmer of the chickens’ health, growth and behaviour, so that any emerging disease problem is rapidly identified and acted upon. Disease prevention is an essential strategy for poultry producers. It is much more beneficial to the birds and to the commercial poultry producer to prevent disease from occurring rather than to rely on treatment. The agents which sound biosecurity practices attempt to prevent include “bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi, parasites, and any other agents capable of introducing an infectious disease into a poultry flock” General husbandry Healthy, unstressed birds have an active metabolism and effective immune system to protect them against disease. Feeding birds appropriately with a nutritionally balanced diet, maintaining a comfortable living environment and minimising fear and anxiety in the birds will help the bird’s natural protective mechanisms to function optimally. Stock selection Different genetic lines of poultry may vary in their ability to resist or recover from some diseases. The choice of genetic lines resistant to disease problems that have been known to occur in a particular poultry operation can substantially reduce the costs of disease and other disease prevention techniques. Country Chicken Breeds and Kadaknath Black Meat Chicken Breeds Available in India : Daulat Breeding Farms and Research Centre, Chhattisgarh, India Daulat Organic Farms and Exports, Chhattisgarh, India Daulat Farms and Hatcheries Corporation, Chhattisgarh, India Daulat Hatcheries, Chhattisgarh, India Website : www.daulatfarms.co.in, Helpline : +91 789 879 9394. is Unpasteurized Milk (Raw milk) is Safe to Drink ? December 13, 2018|ORGANIC AGRICULTURE, HEATH FOOD, MILK, HEALTHY FOOD, DAIRY, SAFE FOOD, ORGANIC FOOD The Dangers of Raw Milk : Unpasteurized Milk Can Pose a Serious Health Risk Milk and milk products provide a wealth of nutrition benefits. But raw milk, i.e., unpasteurized milk, can harbor dangerous microorganisms that can pose serious health risks to you and your family. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),USA from 1993 through 2012, there were 127 outbreaks linked to raw milk or raw milk products like ice cream, soft cheese, or yogurt. They resulted in 1,909 illnesses and 144 hospitalizations. CDC points out that most foodborne illnesses are not a part of recognized outbreaks, and for every illness reported, many others occur. Raw milk is milk from cows, sheep, and goats — or any other animal — that has not been pasteurized to kill harmful bacteria. Raw milk can carry dangerous bacteria such as Salmonella, E. coli, Listeria, Campylobacter, and others that cause foodborne illness, often called “food poisoning.” These bacteria can seriously injure the health of anyone who drinks raw milk or eats products made from raw milk. However, the bacteria in raw milk can be especially dangerous to people with weakened immune systems (such as transplant patients and individuals with HIV/AIDS, cancer, and diabetes), children, older adults, and pregnant women. In fact, CDC finds that foodborne illness from raw milk especially affects children and teenagers. "Pasteurized Milk" Explained Pasteurization is a widely used process that kills harmful bacteria by heating milk to a specific temperature for a set period of time. First developed by Louis Pasteur in 1864, pasteurization kills harmful organisms responsible for such diseases as listeriosis, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, diphtheria, Q fever, and brucellosis. The Dangers of Listeria and Pregnancy Pregnant women run a serious risk of becoming ill from the bacteria Listeria, which is often found in raw milk and can cause miscarriage, or illness, or death of the newborn baby. If you are pregnant, drinking raw milk — or eating foods made from raw milk, such as Mexican-style cheese like Queso Blanco or Queso Fresco — can harm your baby even if you don’t feel sick. Raw Milk and Serious Illness Symptoms and Advice Symptoms of foodborne illness usually include: Vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain Flu-like symptoms such as fever, headache, and body ache While most healthy people will recover from an illness caused by harmful bacteria in raw milk – or in foods made with raw milk – within a short time, some can develop symptoms that are chronic, severe, or even life-threatening. If you or someone you know becomes ill after consuming raw milk or products made from raw milk – or, if you are pregnant and think you may have consumed contaminated raw milk or cheese – see a healthcare professional immediately. When in Doubt — Ask ! Read the label. Safe milk will have the word “pasteurized” on the label. If the word “pasteurized” does not appear on a product’s label, it may contain raw milk. Don’t hesitate to ask your grocer or health food store clerk whether milk or cream has been pasteurized, especially milk or milk products sold in refrigerated cases. Don’t buy milk or milk products at farmers’ markets or roadside stands unless you can confirm that they have been pasteurized. Protect Your Family with Wise Food Choices Most milk and milk products sold commercially in the India, United States, UK and Almost all countries contain pasteurized milk or cream, or the products have been produced in a manner that kills any dangerous bacteria that may be present. But, unpasteurized milk and products made from unpasteurized milk are sold and may be harmful to your health. To avoid getting sick from the dangerous bacteria found in raw milk, you should choose your milk and milk products carefully. Daulat Farms Milk Producer Company, India www.daulatfarms.co.in DAULAT FARMS | AYAM CEMANI | AYAM CEMANI FROZEN CHICKEN EXPORTER | AYAM CEMANI EGG | LAMBORGHINI OF CHICKEN | AYAM CEMANI CHICKEN BREED | AYAM CEMANI IMPORTER, SUPPLIER, EXPORTER IN USA, UK, INDONESIA, SOUTH AFRICA, INDIA , Afghanistan Afghanistan Afghanestan South-Central Asia Albania Albanie Shqiperia Southern Europe Algeria Algérie Al Jaza'ir Northern Africa American Samoa Samoa Américaines American Samoa Polynesia, Oceania Andorra Andorre Andorra Southern Europe Angola Angola Angola Central Africa Anguilla Anguilla Anguilla Leeward Islands, Caribbean Antarctica Antarctique Antarctica Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Antigua-et-Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Leeward Islands, Caribbean Argentina Argentine Argentina Southern South America Armenia Arménie Hayastan Western Asia Aruba Aruba Aruba Leeward Islands, Caribbean Australia Australie Australia Australia/Oceania Austria Autriche Österreich Western Europe Azerbaijan 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